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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214669/correlates-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-5529-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-the-t1d-exchange-clinic-registry
#1
Karl E Minges, Robin Whittemore, Stuart A Weinzimer, Melinda L Irwin, Nancy S Redeker, Margaret Grey
AIMS: To describe the prevalence of overweight and obesity in adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and to examine the associations among socio-demographic, clinical, and self-management factors by weight status. METHODS: We analyzed baseline data obtained from 5529 adolescents with T1D (mean age=15.4±1.4years, 51.8% male, 77.9% white, mean HbA1c=8.7±1.8%; 72mmol/mol) from the T1D Exchange Clinic Registry. We examined correlates of weight status using multinomial logistic regression analyses...
February 4, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214169/protective-misperception-prospective-study-of-weight-self-perception-and-blood-pressure-in-adolescents-with-overweight-and-obesity
#2
Emily S Unger, Ichiro Kawachi, Carly E Milliren, Kendrin R Sonneville, Idia B Thurston, Holly C Gooding, Tracy K Richmond
PURPOSE: Underestimating one's weight is often seen as a barrier to weight loss. However, recent research has shown that weight underperception may be beneficial, with lower future weight gain and fewer depressive symptoms. Here, we examine the relationship between adolescent weight underperception and future blood pressure. METHODS: Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, we obtained a nationally representative sample of 2,463 adolescents with overweight and obesity (students in grades 8-12 in 1996)...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214020/serum-uric-acid-concentrations-and-fructose-consumption-are-independently-associated-with-nash-in-children-and-adolescents
#3
Antonella Mosca, Valerio Nobili, Rita De Vito, Annalisa Crudele, Eleonora Scorletti, Alberto Villani, Anna Alisi, Christopher D Byrne
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Recent research has suggested that dietary fructose intake may increase serum uric acid (UA) concentrations. Both UA concentration and fructose consumption maybe also increase in NAFLD. It is not known whether dietary fructose consumption and UA concentration are independently associated with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Our aim was to investigate the factors associated with NASH in children and adolescents with proven NAFLD, and to test whether UA concentrations and fructose consumption are independently associated with NASH...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213755/pedagogical-approaches-to-and-effects-of-fundamental-movement-skill-interventions-on-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Claire Tompsett, Ross Sanders, Caitlin Taylor, Stephen Cobley
BACKGROUND: Fundamental movement skills (FMS) are assumed to be the basic prerequisite motor movements underpinning coordination of more integrated and advanced movement capabilities. FMS development and interventions have been associated with several beneficial health outcomes in individual studies. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this review was to identify FMS intervention characteristics that could be optimised to attain beneficial outcomes in children and adolescents, while the secondary aim was to update the evidence as to the efficacy of FMS interventions on physiological, psychological and behavioural health outcomes...
February 18, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213684/quality-of-life-improves-in-children-and-adolescents-during-a-community-based-overweight-and-obesity-treatment
#5
Pernille M Mollerup, Tenna R H Nielsen, Christine Bøjsøe, Julie T Kloppenborg, Jennifer L Baker, Jens-Christian Holm
PURPOSE: The quality of life is compromised in children and adolescents with overweight or obesity. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the quality of life improves during a community-based overweight and obesity treatment, and whether improvements depend on reductions in the degree of obesity. METHODS: Quality of life was assessed using the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) 4.0 in children and adolescents aged 3-18 years with overweight or obesity [body mass index (BMI) ≥85th percentile] upon entry into a community-based chronic care overweight and obesity treatment based upon The Children's Obesity Clinic's Treatment protocol, and upon follow-up after 10-30 months of treatment...
February 17, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212303/associations-of-overweight-obesity-and-related-factors-with-sleep-related-breathing-disorders-and-snoring-in-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-survey
#6
Yue Ma, Liping Peng, Changgui Kou, Shucheng Hua, Haibo Yuan
Background: Sleep-related breathing disorders (SRBD) have been identified as a major public health problem closely related to adolescent obesity. We aimed to estimate the prevalences of SRBD and snoring in adolescents in Changchun City, Northeastern China, and to evaluate the associated factors in this population. Methods: In total, 1955 adolescents aged 11-18 years were recruited in Changchun City using stratified cluster sampling. Parents and caretakers of children completed the questionnaires, which included demographic characteristics, anthropometric parameters and a pediatric sleep questionnaire (SRBD scale)...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211992/thirty-day-outcomes-for-children-and-adolescents-undergoing-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-at-a-free-standing-children-s-hospital
#7
A L Speer, J Parekh, F G Qureshi, E P Nadler
The obesity epidemic continues to affect millions of children and adolescents. Non-surgical options do not result in significant or sustained weight loss; thus bariatric surgery has become increasingly utilized. Limited data exist regarding safety for paediatric bariatric surgery, especially outside of National Institutes of Health (NIH)-funded centres. We hypothesized that the perioperative outcomes of paediatric patients undergoing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) at our free-standing children's hospital would provide adequate safety profiles...
February 17, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211649/insufficient-sleep-in-adolescents-causes-and-consequences
#8
Judith A Owens, Miriam R Weiss
Insufficient sleep poses an important and complicated set of health risks in the adolescent population. Not only is deficient sleep (defined as both sleep duration inadequate to meet sleep needs and sleep timing misaligned with the body's circadian rhythms) at epidemic levels in this population, but the contributing factors are both complex and numerous and there are a myriad of negative physical and mental health, safety and performance consequences. Causes of inadequate sleep identified in this population include internal biological processes such as the normal shift (delay) in circadian rhythm that occurs in association with puberty and a developmentally-based slowing of the "sleep drive", and external factors including extracurricular activities, excessive homework load, evening use of electronic media, caffeine intake and early school start times...
February 17, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210936/does-obesity-affect-the-non-invasive-measurement-of-cardiac-output-performed-by-electrical-cardiometry-in-children-and-adolescents
#9
Luis Altamirano-Diaz, Eva Welisch, Ralf Rauch, Michael Miller, Teresa Sohee Park, Kambiz Norozi
Electrical cardiometry (EC) is a non-invasive and inexpensive method for hemodynamic assessment and monitoring. However, its feasibility for widespread clinical use, especially for the obese population, has yet to be determined. In this study, we evaluated the agreement and reliability of EC compared to transthoracic Doppler echocardiography (TTE) in normal, overweight, and obese children and adolescents. We measured stroke volume (SV) and cardiac output (CO) of 131 participants using EC and TTE simultaneously...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210840/dietary-sources-of-energy-and-nutrient-intake-among-children-and-adolescents-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#10
Wen Chen, Kirstie Ducharme-Smith, Laura Davis, Wun Fung Hui, Bradley A Warady, Susan L Furth, Alison G Abraham, Aisha Betoko
BACKGROUND: Our purpose was to identify the main food contributors to energy and nutrient intake in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS: In this cross-sectional study of dietary intake assessed using Food Frequency Questionnaires (FFQ) in the Chronic Kidney Disease in Children (CKiD) cohort study, we estimated energy and nutrient intake and identified the primary contributing foods within this population. RESULTS: Completed FFQs were available for 658 children...
February 16, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210748/risk-factors-associated-with-abdominal-obesity-in-suburban-adolescents-from-a-malaysian-district
#11
Wai Fong Chew, Pooi Pooi Leong, Sook Fan Yap, A Malik Yasmin, Kong Bung Choo, Gary Kim Kuan Low, Nem Yun Boo
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to determine the risk factors associated with abdominal obesity (AO) in suburban adolescents. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included adolescents aged 15-17 years from five randomly selected secondary schools in the Hulu Langat district of Selangor State, Malaysia. Waist circumference (WC) was measured at the midpoint between the lower margin of last palpable rib and the top of iliac crest. Information on sociodemographic data, dietary habits, physical activity levels and duration of sleep was obtained via interviewer-administered questionnaires...
February 17, 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209292/cholesterol-screening-and-treatment-practices-and-preferences-a-survey-of-united-states-pediatricians
#12
Sarah D de Ferranti, Angie Mae Rodday, Susan K Parsons, William L Cull, Karen G O'Connor, Stephen R Daniels, Laurel K Leslie
OBJECTIVES: To determine pediatricians' practices, attitudes, and barriers regarding screening for and treatment of pediatric dyslipidemias in 9- to 11-year-olds and 17- to 21-year-olds. STUDY DESIGN: American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) 2013-2014 Periodic Survey of a national, randomly selected sample of 1627 practicing AAP physicians. Pediatricians' responses were described and modeled. RESULTS: Of 614 (38%) respondents who met eligibility criteria, less than half (46%) were moderately/very knowledgeable about the 2008 AAP cholesterol statement; fewer were well-informed about 2011 National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Guidelines or 2007 US Preventive Service Task Force review (both 26%)...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208043/the-australasian-diabetes-data-network-first-national-audit-of-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#13
Helen Phelan, Helen Clapin, Loren Bruns, Fergus J Cameron, Andrew M Cotterill, Jennifer J Couper, Elizabeth A Davis, Kim C Donaghue, Craig A Jefferies, Bruce R King, Richard O Sinnott, Elaine B Tham, Jerry K Wales, Timothy W Jones, Maria E Craig
OBJECTIVES: To assess glycaemic control, anthropometry and insulin regimens in a national sample of Australian children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of de-identified, prospectively collected data from the Australasian Diabetes Data Network (ADDN) registry. SETTING: Five paediatric diabetes centres in New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria and Western Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Children and adolescents (aged 18 years or under) with type 1 diabetes of at least 12 months' duration for whom data were added to the ADDN registry during 2015...
February 20, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203256/the-correlation-of-depression-with-internet-use-and-body-image-in-korean-adolescents
#14
Chang Hoon Lim, Eun Ji Kim, Jong Hyun Kim, Jue Seong Lee, Yoon Lee, Sang Hee Park
PURPOSE: To examine the correlation of depression with Internet use and body image perception, and to analyze the risk factors of depression in a total of 920 students in Seoul, Korea. METHODS: Students were recruited by contacting school principals and teachers and were encouraged to fill out a self-report questionnaire designed specifically for this study in July of 2008. RESULTS: Female participants had an increased risk for depression than did male participants (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 1...
January 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196789/the-relationship-of-disordered-eating-attitudes-with-stress-level-bone-turnover-markers-and-bone-mineral-density-in-obese-adolescents
#15
Aslı Okbay Güneş, Müjgan Alikaşifoğlu, Ezgi Şen Demirdöğen, Ethem Erginöz, Türkay Demir, Mine Kucur, Oya Ercan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of stress caused by disordered eating attitudes on bone health in obese adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional study comprising 80 obese adolescents was performed from November 2013 to September 2014. Twenty-four-hour urinary free cortisol levels were measured as a biological marker of stress. Bone turnover was evaluated using bone-specific alkaline phosphatase, serum osteocalcin, and urinary N-telopeptide measurements. Bone mineral density was measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194666/increasing-burden-of-chronic-liver-disease-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-in-the-usa-a-silent-epidemic
#16
Iliana Doycheva, Kymberly D Watt, Ghassoub Rifai, Rachel Abou Mrad, Rocio Lopez, Nizar N Zein, William D Carey, Naim Alkhouri
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Chronic liver disease (CLD) starts or becomes established in the adolescent and young adult (AYA) age group. This study aimed to estimate trends in CLD prevalence among US AYAs and to assess factors associated with CLD. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from 14,547 AYAs (population-weighted N = 68,274,386) aged 15-39 years enrolled in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 1988 to 2012 were used. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) was defined as elevated alanine aminotransferase (>19 U/L for females and >30 U/L for males) in subjects with BMI ≥ 25 kg/m(2); alcoholic liver disease (ALD) as excessive alcohol use (≥3 drinks/day for men and ≥2 drinks/day for women) and elevated aminotransferases after excluding alternative etiologies...
February 13, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193574/effects-of-preterm-birth-and-fetal-growth-retardation-on-life-course-cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-schoolchildren-from-colombia-the-fuprecol-study
#17
Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Emilio Villa-González, Javier Martínez-Torres, Anthony C Hackney, Antonio García-Hermoso
BACKGROUND: Both fetal growth restriction and prematurity have been associated with cardiometabolic risk in youth and adults, however, data on their combined effects on cardiometabolic health in youth are scarce. AIMS: This study aimed at assessing the effects of birth weight and gestational age combined on life-course cardiovascular risk factors and obesity among schoolchildren from Colombia. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS: Participants comprised 2510 Colombian schoolchildren (54...
February 10, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192499/vitamin-d-status-in-pediatric-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#18
Benjamin Udoka Nwosu, Louise Maranda, Ninfa Candela
IMPORTANCE: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is associated with significant morbidity in children and adolescents, and the therapeutic efficacy of available treatment options is limited. The role of vitamin D supplementation in pediatric IBS is unclear as the vitamin D status of pediatric patients with IBS is unknown. Equally, the relationship of vitamin D status with psychosomatic symptoms in children and adolescents is unclear. AIM: To characterize the vitamin D status of pediatric patients with IBS using a case-control study design...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192105/adolescent-obesity-and-insulin-resistance-roles-of-ectopic-fat-accumulation-and-adipose-inflammation
#19
Sonia Caprio, Rachel Perry, Romy Kursawe
As a consequence of the global rise in the prevalence of Adolescent Obesity, an unprecedented phenomenon of Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) has emerged in pediatrics. At the heart of T2D development lies a key metabolic derangement: Insulin Resistance (IR) . Despite the widespread occurrence of IR affecting an unmeasurable number of youths worldwide, its pathogenesis remains elusive. IR in obese youth is a complex phenomenon that defies explanation by a single pathway. In this review we first describe recent data on the prevalence, severity, and racial/ethnic differences in Pediatric Obesity...
February 9, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183455/cardiometabolic-risk-markers-adipocyte-fatty-acid-binding-protein-afabp-and-the-impact-of-high-intensity-interval-training-hiit-in-obese-adolescents
#20
Susann Blüher, Jakob Käpplinger, Sabine Herget, Sandra Reichardt, Yvonne Böttcher, Andrea Grimm, Jürgen Kratzsch, David Petroff
OBJECTIVE: The impact of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) as well as the association between the adipocyte fatty binding protein (aFABP) and cardiometabolic risk factors in overweight adolescents was investigated. METHODS: Twenty-eight adolescents (13-18years; BMI≥90th percentile according to German reference values) were offered HIIT twice weekly for 6months. At baseline and after program completion, anthropometric, clinical and metabolic characteristics were assessed and a fasting blood sample was obtained...
March 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
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