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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440765/association-of-metabolic-syndrome-with-low-birth-weight-intake-of-high-calorie-diets-and-acanthosis-nigricans-in-children-and-adolescents-with-overweight-and-obesity
#1
Marlen Velazquez-Bautista, Joana Jazmín López-Sandoval, Mercedes González-Hita, Eduardo Vázquez-Valls, Iris Zamihara Cabrera-Valencia, Blanca Miriam Torres-Mendoza
OBJECTIVE: The theory of fetal programming suggests that low birth weight (LBW) predisposes to greater food intake and increases the chance of overweight and obesity, which are in turn associated to conditions such as metabolic syndrome (MS) and acanthosis nigricans. The study objective was to ascertain whether an association exists between MS, LBW, intake of high-calorie diets, and acanthosis nigricans in children and adolescents with overweight or obesity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A case-control was conducted on 100 children who attended the overweight and obesity outpatient clinic of the OPD Hospital Civil de Guadalajara "Fray Antonio Alcalde"...
January 2017: Endocrinol Diabetes Nutr
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439385/effects-of-tailored-health-education-program-on-overweight-elementary-school-students-obesity-related-lifestyle-a-school-based-interventional-study
#2
Sharareh Haghani, Hossein Shahnazi, Akbar Hassanzadeh
OBJECTIVES: Overweight and obesity are regarded as one of the most serious health and nutrition issues worldwide. This is immediately recognizable in both children and adolescents. In this study, we aimed to determine the effects of tailored education on lifestyle modification in elementary school students in Isfahan. METHODS: In a quasi-experimental study, two elementary schools in Isfahan District 3, Iran, were randomly selected to determine the intervention and comparison groups...
March 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439217/pediatric-metabolic-syndrome-pathophysiology-and-laboratory-assessment
#3
Victoria Higgins, Khosrow Adeli
Pediatric overweight and obesity is an emerging public health priority as rates have rapidly increased worldwide. Obesity is often clustered with other metabolic abnormalities including hypertension, dyslipidemia, and insulin resistance, leading to increased risk of cardiovascular disease. This cluster of risk factors, termed the metabolic syndrome, has traditionally been reported in adults. However, with the increased prevalence of pediatric obesity, the metabolic syndrome is now evident in children and adolescents...
March 2017: EJIFCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438202/does-parental-and-adolescent-participation-in-an-e-health-lifestyle-modification-intervention-improves-weight-outcomes
#4
Andrew W Tu, Allison W Watts, Jean-Pierre Chanoine, Constadina Panagiotopoulos, Josie Geller, Rollin Brant, Susan I Barr, Louise Mâsse
BACKGROUND: Few studies have evaluated the effect of adherence to a lifestyle intervention on adolescent health outcomes. The objective of this study was to determine whether adolescent and parental adherence to components of an e-health intervention resulted in change in adolescent body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) z-scores in a sample of overweight/obese adolescents. METHODS: In total, 159 overweight/obese adolescents and their parents participated in an 8-month e-health lifestyle intervention...
April 24, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438035/dual-burden-of-malnutrition-among-adolescents-of-smallholder-coffee-farming-households-of-jimma-zone-southwest-ethiopia
#5
Kalkidan Hassen, Getu Gizaw, Tefera Belachew
BACKGROUND: Substantial evidence is emerging on the coexistence of double burden of malnutrition on adolescents of low-income countries, shaping the health challenges of upcoming adult generation for the worst. Whether nutritional status markers of adolescents in the cash crop setting are at par with economic gains remain uncertain so far. Thus, we investigated the nutritional outcomes of adolescents and its determinants in coffee farming households. METHODS: The survey was carried out in 3 top coffee-producing districts of Jimma Zone, Ethiopia...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437814/assessment-of-early-cardiovascular-risk-in-children-and-adolescents-with-essential-hypertension
#6
Andreja Stelcar, Evgenija Homsak, Natasa Marcun Varda
The aim of our study was to investigate some early markers of hypertensive target organ damage in hypertensive children and adolescents, and to detect those showing most prominent clinical significance. We included 100 children with essential hypertension (EH) and 50 age-matched healthy control children, and evaluated left ventricular mass (LVM), intima-media thickness in the carotid arteries (IMT), pulse wave velocity (PWV), microalbuminuria, biochemical parameters and some adipokines. Statistically significant differences between the 2 groups were observed for HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, triglycerides, insulin, uric acid, glucose, apolipoprotein A1, and total adiponectin...
April 24, 2017: Klinische Pädiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436266/the-identity-threat-of-weight-stigma-in-adolescents
#7
Wren B Hand, Jennifer C Robinson, Mary W Stewart, Lei Zhang, Samuel C Hand
Obesity remains a serious public health issue in adolescents, who may be subjected to weight stigma leading to increased stress and poor health outcomes. Stigma can be detrimental to adolescents during self-identity formation. The purpose of this study was to examine weight stigma in adolescents in light of the Identity Threat Model of Stigma. A cross-sectional correlational design was used to examine the relationships among the variables of weight stigma, psychosocial stress, coping styles, disordered eating, and physical inactivity...
April 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436101/systematic-review-on-evidence-based-adolescent-nutrition-interventions
#8
REVIEW
Zohra S Lassi, Anoosh Moin, Jai K Das, Rehana A Salam, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
Adolescence is a critical stage in the life cycle, and adequate nutrition is necessary for the proper growth and development of individuals and their offspring. Here, we comprehensively review all published systematic reviews (through October 2016) on adolescents (10-19 years) and women of reproductive age, including pregnant women, which targeted interventions related to nutrition. For interventions where there was no existing systematic review on adolescents, we reviewed primary studies/trials. We included interventions on micronutrient supplementation (iron, folic acid, iron-folic acid (IFA), calcium, vitamin D, vitamin A, zinc, iodine, and multiple micronutrients), food/protein energy supplementation, nutrition education for pregnant adolescents, obesity prevention and management, and management of gestational diabetes...
April 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436099/review-of-nutrition-guidelines-relevant-for-adolescents-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#9
REVIEW
Zohra S Lassi, Tarab Mansoor, Rehana A Salam, Shereen Z Bhutta, Jai K Das, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
The economic and social well-being of any country will one day depend on its current adolescent population. To provide a good foundation for healthy adolescent development, healthy diet, along with physical activity and adequate nutrients, is necessary. Therefore, addressing the nutrition needs of adolescents could be an important step toward breaking the vicious cycle of intergenerational malnutrition, chronic diseases, and poverty. These problems could be addressed with timely recognition and appropriately delivered interventions...
April 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435445/cardiometabolic-risk-factors-metabolic-syndrome-and-pre-diabetes-in-adolescents-in-the-sierra-region-of-ecuador
#10
Sharon L Casapulla, Cheryl A Howe, Gabriela Rosero Mora, Darlene Berryman, Mario J Grijalva, Edgar W Rojas, Masato Nakazawa, Jay H Shubrook
BACKGROUND: Excess weight (overweight and obesity) is the major modifiable risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and other non-communicable diseases. However, excess weight may not be as predictive of diabetes risk as once thought. While excess weight and other obesity-related non-communicable diseases are of growing concern in low-middle income countries in Latin America, there is limited research on risk factors associated with T2DM in adolescents. This study investigated prevalence of overweight, obesity, prediabetes, diabetes and metabolic syndrome in adolescents in Ecuador...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435085/adolescent-changes-in-hindbrain-noradrenergic-a2-neurons-in-male-rats
#11
Laurie Pham, Madelyn R Baker, Ziasmin Shahanoor, Russell D Romeo
During adolescence, the increased susceptibility to stress-related dysfunctions (e.g., anxiety, drug use, obesity) may be influenced by changes in the hormonal stress response mediated by the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. We have previously reported that restraint stress leads to significantly prolonged HPA responses in pre-adolescent compared to adult rats. Further, pre-adolescent animals exposed to restraint show greater levels of neural activation than adults in the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVN), a key nucleus integrating information from brain regions that coordinate HPA responses...
April 20, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434632/obesity-and-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction-in-children-and-adolescents-further-research-into-new-relationships
#12
L G A Fraga, A Sampaio, N Boa-Sorte, M L Veiga, A A Nascimento Martinelli Braga, U Barroso
INTRODUCTION: Lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) involves faults in the filling and emptying phases of bladder function in toilet-trained children with no previous infection or any other obvious pathology. Lower urinary tract dysfunction is associated with conditions such as vesicoureteral reflux, recurrent urinary infection, behavioral alterations and decreased quality of life. The literature suggests an association between LUTD and obesity; however, the association between each individual symptom and obesity has yet to be evaluated...
April 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434185/can-targeted-policies-reduce-obesity-and-improve-obesity-related-behaviours-in-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-populations-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
D L Olstad, R Ancilotto, M Teychenne, L M Minaker, D R Taber, K D Raine, C I J Nykiforuk, K Ball
This review synthesized evidence from controlled studies pertaining to the impact of targeted policies on anthropometric, dietary and physical activity outcomes amongst socioeconomically disadvantaged children and adults. Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses-Equity guidelines were followed. Eligible studies were published from 2004 to August 2015 and examined the impact of targeted policies on anthropometric, dietary and physical activity outcomes amongst socioeconomically disadvantaged populations...
April 23, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432861/spirometry-and-volumetric-capnography-in-lung-function-assessment-of-obese-and-normal-weight-individuals-without-asthma
#14
Mariana S Ferreira, Roberto T Mendes, Fernando A L Marson, Mariana P Zambon, Maria A R G M Antonio, Ilma A Paschoal, Adyléia A D C Toro, Silvana D Severino, Maria A G O Ribeiro, José D Ribeiro
OBJECTIVE: To analyze and compare lung function of obese and healthy, normal-weight children and adolescents, without asthma, through spirometry and volumetric capnography. METHODS: Cross-sectional study including 77 subjects (38 obese) aged 5-17 years. All subjects underwent spirometry and volumetric capnography. The evaluations were repeated in obese subjects after the use of a bronchodilator. RESULTS: At the spirometry assessment, obese individuals, when compared with the control group, showed lower values of forced expiratory volume in the first second by forced vital capacity (FEV1/FVC) and expiratory flows at 75% and between 25 and 75% of the FVC (p<0...
April 19, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432848/trends-in-the-prevalence-of-extreme-obesity-among-korean-children-and-adolescents-from-2001-to-2014
#15
Hyo-Kyoung Nam, Hye Ryun Kim, Young-Jun Rhie, Kee-Hyoung Lee
BACKGROUND: We assessed nationwide trends in extreme obesity prevalence and its impact on metabolic syndrome in Korean youth. METHODS: Data from 19,593 youth (10,271 boys) aged 2-19 were obtained from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (2001-2014). The prevalence of extreme obesity and the odds ratio of metabolic syndrome were calculated. Questionnaires on body weight perceptions and weight control behaviors were administered. RESULTS: The prevalence of extreme obesity increased significantly among boys (p<0...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432801/weight-loss-in-obese-girls-with-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-is-associated-with-a-decrease-of-anti-muellerian-hormone-concentrations
#16
Thomas Reinehr, Alexandra Kulle, Juliane Rothermel, Caroline Knop, Nina Lass, Christina Bosse, Paul-Martin Holterhus
OBJECTIVE: The Anti- Muellerian Hormone (AMH) has been reported as surrogate marker of antral follicles, which are the origins of hyperandrogenism in polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Therefore, AMH may be useful for the diagnosis of PCOS. The objective was to study the longitudinal changes in AMH concentrations in girls with and without PCOS. DESIGN: This is a longitudinal study of obese girls participating in a 1-year lifestyle intervention. PATIENTS: Forty obese girls aged 13-16 years (50% with PCOS) were included in the study...
April 22, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432570/vascular-and-endothelial-function-in-youth-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#17
REVIEW
Amy S Shah, Elaine M Urbina
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to discuss the burden of type 2 diabetes in youth and summarize the studies that have utilized noninvasive techniques to assess early vascular disease in youth with type 2 diabetes. RECENT FINDINGS: Noninvasive imaging modalities provide researchers with tools to investigate the vasculature in adolescents with type 2 diabetes. The data published to date consistently show adolescents with type 2 diabetes have greater vascular thickness and stiffness and worse endothelial function compared to their obese and lean peers...
June 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432036/increased-inflammation-from-childhood-to-adolescence-predicts-sleep-apnea-in-boys-a-preliminary-study
#18
Jordan Gaines, Alexandros N Vgontzas, Julio Fernandez-Mendoza, Fan He, Susan L Calhoun, Duanping Liao, Edward O Bixler
While chronic systemic inflammation in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been traditionally considered a consequence of intermittent hypoxia, several treatment studies targeting inflammation suggest that this process may precede the development of the disorder. A recent cross-sectional study in the Penn State Child Cohort (PSCC) revealed that inflammation largely mediates the association between visceral adiposity and OSA in adolescence. The purpose of this study was to examine for the first time whether, longitudinally, inflammation precedes OSA during this developmental period...
April 18, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431973/understanding-the-relationship-of-cigarette-smoking-trajectories-through-adolescence-and-weight-status-in-young-adulthood-in-the-united-states
#19
Minal Patel, Annette Kaufman, Yvonne Hunt, Linda Nebeling
PURPOSE: Adolescent cigarette smoking has steadily declined since 1999, whereas adolescent obesity rates have quadrupled since the 1980s. Few studies address the longitudinal relationship of smoking and weight in youth and young adulthood. This study examines the relationship of smoking trajectories beginning in adolescence on weight status in young adulthood in a nationally representative longitudinal sample. METHODS: The study sample was drawn from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health Waves I-IV (N = 13,361)...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431845/infection-prevention-and-control-and-the-refugee-population-experiences-from-the-university-of-louisville-global-health-center
#20
Ruth M Carrico, Linda Goss, Timothy L Wiemken, Rahel S Bosson, Paula Peyrani, William A Mattingly, Allison Pauly, Rebecca A Ford, Stanley Kotey, Julio A Ramirez
BACKGROUND: During 2016, approximately 140,000 individuals entered the United States as part of the federal government refugee resettlement program and established themselves in communities in virtually every state. No national database regarding refugee health currently exists; therefore, little is known about existing infectious diseases, conditions, and cultural practices that impact successful acculturation. The objective of this report is to identify what is currently known about refugees and circumstances important to infection prevention and control with respect to their roles as new community members, employees, and consumers of health care...
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
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