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Naoki Ito, Hitomi Saito, Shinobu Seki, Fumitaka Ueda, Takashi Asada
BACKGROUND: Dementia and its first or transitional stage, mild cognitive impairment (MCI), is a major concern for the aging Japanese society. Thus, the use of dietary supplements to improve or maintain cognitive function has become a topic of public interest. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we evaluated the effects of a composite supplement containing food-derived antioxidants, specifically astaxanthin and sesamin (AS), on cognitive function in people with MCI. METHOD: Twenty-one healthy participants with MCI were recruited in our double-blind placebo-controlled pilot study...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Jicheng Chen, Yazhen Chen, Jingjing Tian, Huifang Ge, Xiaofeng Liang, Jianbo Xiao, Hetong Lin
A simple, accurate and specific high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method has been developed and validated for simultaneous determination of sesamol, sesamin, asarinin and sesamolin in Monascus aged vinegar. The effects of acid hydrolysis and four heating treatments on the components content in Monascus aged vinegar were discussed. The results showed that the isomerisation of sesamin to asarinin, and decomposition of sesamolin to sesamol significantly increased, regardless of heating or acid hydrolysis...
August 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
Haowen Dou, Shasha Yang, Yulai Hu, Dongyuan Xu, Lan Liu, Xiangdan Li
AIMS: Sesamin, a major lignan of sesame oil, has demonstrated anticancer properties. However, its anticancer effects on cervical cancer have not been studied. Here, we investigated the effects of sesamin on cervical cancer (HeLa) cell line and explored the underlying mechanisms. MAIN METHODS: HeLa cells were cultured with sesamin. CCK-8 and scratch wound test were applied to detect the proliferation and migration ability, while flow cytometry and TUNEL staining were applied to detect apoptosis...
May 1, 2018: Life Sciences
Toshiyuki Sakaki, Kaori Yasuda, Miyu Nishikawa, Shinichi Ikushiro
 Sesamin, derived from sesame seeds, is known to have various biological effects. Since some of these effects appear to be derived from its metabolites, the elucidation of sesamin metabolism is essential to understanding the molecular mechanism of its effects. In addition, it is important to clarify drug-sesamin interactions in order to address safety concerns, as some food factors are known to affect drug metabolism. Our previous studies revealed that sesamin was sequentially metabolized by cytochrome P450 (CYP) and UDP-glucuronosyltransferase or sulfotransferase...
2018: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
Ayano Imai, Yuriko Oda, Naoki Ito, Shinobu Seki, Kiyotaka Nakagawa, Teruo Miyazawa, Fumitaka Ueda
Severe fatigue can negatively affect quality of life, and oxidative stress may play a role in its mechanism. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of dietary supplementation of astaxanthin and sesamin (AS), strong food-derived antioxidants, on fatigue. Twenty-four healthy volunteers were supplemented with AS and placebo, each for four weeks. After each supplementation period, participants underwent tasks inducing mental and physical fatigue (visual display terminal task and ergometer task, respectively)...
February 28, 2018: Nutrients
Bindu Madhuri Cavuturu, Vishwambar Vishnu Bhandare, Amutha Ramaswamy, Neelakantan Arumugam
By virtue of their regulatory role in the biological process, certain protein-protein complexes form potential targets for designing and discovery of drugs. Alteration set in the controlled formation of such complexes results in dysregulation of several metabolic processes, leading to diseased condition. β-catenin/Tcf4 complex is one such protein-protein complex found altered in colorectal epithelial cells resulting in activation of target genes leading to cancer. Recently, certain lignans from seeds of the oil crop sesame were found inhibiting initiation and progression of this type of cancer...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
Taewoong Rho, Kee Dong Yoon
In this study, the chloroform-soluble extract of Cuscuta auralis was separated successfully using off-line two-dimensional high-performance countercurrent chromatography, yielding a γ-pyrone, two alkaloids, a flavonoid, and four lignans. The first-dimensional countercurrent separation using a methylene chloride/methanol/water (11:6:5, v/v/v) system yielded three subfractions (fractions I-III). The second-dimensional countercurrent separations, conducted on fractions I-III using n-hexane/ethyl acetate/methanol/water/acetic acid (5:5:5:5:0, 3:7:3:7:0, and 1:9:1:9:0...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Separation Science
José E García, Leónides Gómez, Pedro Mendoza-de-Gives, José L Rivera-Corona, Jair Millán-Orozco, Juan A Ascacio, Miguel A Medina, Miguel Mellado
An in vitro study was conducted to determine the anthelminthic activity of hydro-methanolic extracts of Larrea tridentata on sheathed and exsheathed larvae of Haemonchus contortus. Larvae of the parasite were incubated at 20-25 °C in hydro-methanolic extracts at concentrations of 12.5, 25, 50, 100, and 200 mg/mL for 24, 48, or 72 h. Ivermectin and water were the positive and negative controls, respectively. Total phenolic compounds of leaves of L. tridentata were 97.88 ± 10.45 mg/g of dry matter. Other compounds detected in this shrub by HPLC-mass spectrometry were sesamin, galocatechin, peonidin 3-O rutinoside, methyl galangin, epigallocatechin 7-O-glucuronide, and epigalocatechin...
February 9, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
Fataneh Hashempour-Baltork, Mohammadali Torbati, Sodeif Azadmard-Damirchi, Geoffrey P Savage
Puffed corn snacks are tasty and affordable cereal-based food products which have a relatively poor nutritional quality. Sesame seed is a rich source of essential amino and fatty acids, phenolic compounds, tocopherols, and antioxidants. In this study, puffed corn snacks were produced by incorporating sesame powder at 0% (control sample), 5%, 10%, and 15% levels in its formulation and stored at room temperature (24°C) for 60 days. Fatty acid composition, tocopherol, sesamin and sesamolin, phenolic compounds, peroxide value (PV), acidity (AV), and sensory evaluation of the samples were determined...
January 2018: Food Science & Nutrition
Nadezhda Pilipenko, Martin Krøyer Rasmussen, Olena Doran, Galia Zamaratskaia
Warfarin is a commonly used anticoagulant drug and is a derivate of coumarin. Cytochrome P450 2C9 (CYP2C9) plays the key role in transformation of coumarin and thus, influences determination of warfarin dosage. A number of factors including dietary compounds such as sesamin, caffeic acid and ferulic acids can regulate the activity of CYP2C9. The present study tested the hypothesis that sesamin, episesamin, caffeic acid and ferulic acid decreases the rate of warfarin 7-hydroxylation via inhibition of hepatic CYP2C9...
March 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Di Fan, Zheng Yang, Fang-Yuan Liu, Ya-Ge Jin, Ning Zhang, Jian Ni, Yuan Yuan, Hai-Han Liao, Qing-Qing Wu, Man Xu, Wei Deng, Qi-Zhu Tang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cardiac remodeling is associated with oxidative stress. Sesamin, a well-known antioxidant from sesamin seeds, have been used extensively as traditional health foods. However, there is little known about the effect of sesamin on cardiac remodeling. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine whether sesamin could protect against cardiac remodeling and to clarify potential molecular mechanisms. METHODS: The mice were subjected to either transverse aortic constriction (TAC) or sham surgery (control group)...
2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Chang-Tsen Hung, Li-Dian Chen, Chien-Wei Hou
Objectives: Stroke may cause severe neuronal damage. The sesamin have been demonstrated to possess neuroprotection by its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. One sesamin derivative was artificially composited, 1, 2-bis [(3-methoxyphenyl) methyl] ethane-1, 2-dicaroxylic acid (MMEDA) had been developed to study its antioxidative activity and neuroprotection. Materials and Methods: The infaction of Sprague Dawley (SD) rats and hypoxia models of BV-2 microglia or PC12 cells were investigated for in vivo and in vitro test respectively...
December 2017: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
Manatsanan Khansai, Thanyaluck Phitak, Jeerawan Klangjorhor, Sasimol Udomrak, Kanda Fanhchaksai, Peraphan Pothacharoen, Prachya Kongtawelert
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease that causes chronic synovitis, cartilage degradation and bone deformities. Synovitis is the term for inflammation of the synovial membrane, an early stage of RA. The pathogenesis of the disease occurs through cytokine induction. The major cytokine that increases the severity of RA is TNF-α. Thus, inhibition of the TNF-α cascade is an effective way to diminish the progression of the disease. We are interested in investigating the difference between primary human synovial fibroblast (hSF) cells and SW982 as synovitis models induced by TNF-α and in monitoring their responses to sesamin as an anti-inflammatory phytochemical...
December 13, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Abdul Qadir, Athar Ali, Muhammad Arif, Abdulmohsen H Al-Rohaimi, Satya Prakash Singh, Usama Ahmad, Mohd Khalid, Arun Kumar
The seed kernels of Sesamum indicum L. (family: Pedaliaceae) were extracted with ethanol and yield of components determined by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS). The free radical scavenging activities of ethanolic extract against1, 1-Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) were determined by UV spectrophotometer at 517 nm. Phytochemical screening revealed the presence of numerous bioactive compounds including steroids, phenolic, terpenoids, fatty acids and different types of ester compounds. The ethanolic extract was purified and analyzed by GC MS...
December 12, 2017: Drug Research
Naoki Mori
Lignans are a large class of naturally occurring secondary metabolites which are widely spread within the plant kingdom. Their diverse structures and variety of biological activities have fascinated organic chemists. For synthesizing optically active lignans, we have developed the novel asymmetric dimerization of cinnamic acid derivatives, and applied it to the enantioselective syntheses of furofuran lignans (yangambin, sesamin, eudesmin, caruilignan A) and diarylbutane lignans (sauriols A and B). This review summarizes the methodology of our asymmetric dimerization of cinnamic acid derivatives, and efficient total syntheses of furofuran and diarylbutane lignans reported by our and other groups...
January 2018: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
Bangalore Nandha, Laxmivenkatesh Gurachar Nargund, Shachindra Laxmivenkatesh Nargund, Kishore Bhat
Keeping in view the drawbacks associated with research on anti-TB drugs based on plant extracts and the non-availability of fluorinated natural products with antitubercular activity has prompted us to make an effort towards the synthesis and characterization of a novel series of fifteen substituted fluorobenzimidazoles. The newly synthesized compounds were characterized by I.R,1 H-NMR,13 C-NMR, Mass, and elemental analysis. The synthesized compounds 4(a-f) and 5(b-j) have been evaluated for their in - vitro antimycobacterial activity against H37Rv strain (ATCC 27294) by MABA method...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
Amin F Majdalawieh, Mariam Massri, Gheyath K Nasrallah
Sesamin is the major active ingredient is Sesamum indicum seeds. Several studies revealed that sesamin possesses potent anti-cancer properties. The anti-cancer effects of sesamin have been mainly attributed to its anti-proliferative, pro-apoptotic, anti-inflammatory, anti-metastatic, anti- and pro-angiogenic, and pro-autophagocytic activities. In this review, we provide a comprehensive summary of the reported anti-cancer effects of sesamin, both in vitro and in vivo. Experimental findings related to the potential of sesamin to attenuate oxidative stress, inflammation, proliferation, metastasis, and angiogenesis in various cancer cells and tumors are analyzed...
November 15, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
Yue-Ting Li, Dao-Ran Pang, Zhi-Xiang Zhu, Hui-Xia Huo, Yi Ren, Zhi-Tian Peng, Jiao Zheng, Yun-Fang Zhao, Peng-Fei Tu, Jun Li
Chemical constituents from the fruits of Vitex negundo var. cannabifolia and their nitric oxide (NO) inhibitory and cytotoxic activities were investigated. The compounds were isolated and purified by various column chromatography, and their structures were identified by physiochemical properties and spectroscopic data. Thirteen lignans and six phenolic compounds were isolated from the CH2Cl2 extract of the fruits of V. negundo var. cannabifolia, respectively. Their structures were elucidated as 6-hydroxy-4-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-3-hydroxymethyl-7-methoxy-3,4-dihydro-2-naphthaldehyde (1), vitedoin A (2), vitexdoin F (3), detetrahydroconidendrin (4), vitexdoin E (5), 4-oxosesamin (6), L-sesamin (7), (+)-beechenol (8), ligballinol (9), 2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-6-(3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenyl)-3,7-dioxabicyclo[3...
November 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Wen-Jian Liu, Yue-Juan Chen, Dan-Na Chen, Ya-Ping Wu, Yu-Jie Gao, Jing Li, Wen-Jun Zhong, Lin Jiang
A new pair of sesamin-type lignan enantiomers (±)-morifolia A (1a/1b) together with eight known analogues (2-9) were isolated from the fruits of Morinda citrifolia. Their structures were established by spectroscopic data and the absolute configurations of 1a/1b were determined by ECD calculation. All compounds were examined for their inhibitory effects on the nitric oxide (NO) production induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in RAW 264.7 macrophages, and compounds 1a, 1b, 2-4 and 7-9 exhibited pronounced inhibition with IC50 values in the range of 1...
April 2018: Natural Product Research
Orawan Wanachewin, Peraphan Pothacharoen, Prachya Kongtawelert, Thanyaluck Phitak
The promotional nature of sesamin on human osteoblast differentiation has been proven. Here, the effect of sesamin on human osteoclasts was investigated in terms of differentiation and function in M-CSF and RANKL induced human PBMCs. Sesamin treatment significantly decreased the number of differentiated osteoclasts observed by TRAP staining; however, sesamin inhibition did not result from the alteration of precursor cell proliferation. Sesamin did not decrease NFATc1 gene expression, which opposed the decreasing trend of CathK and TRAP expression...
August 31, 2017: Archives of Pharmacal Research
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