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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336447/anatomical-reconstruction-of-the-fourth-brachymetatarsia-with-one-stage-iliac-bone-and-cartilage-cap-grafting
#1
Sang-Hyun Woo, Chi Young Bang, Hee-Chan Ahn, Sung-Jung Kim, Jun-Young Choi
BACKGROUND: We present a one-stage procedure for lengthening the fourth brachymetatarsia with autogenous iliac bone and cartilage cap grafting for the anatomical reconstruction of the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint METHODS: During the last 8 years, 56 feet in 41 patients with congenital brachymetatarsia of the fourth toe were corrected with a one-stage operation to reposition the articular cartilage cap to the distal part of interpositional iliac bone graft at the metatarsal epiphysis...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336229/arthroscopic-in-situ-repair-of-partial-bursal-rotator-cuff-tears-without-acromioplasty
#2
Maximiliano Ranalletta, Luciano A Rossi, Nicolas A Atala, Bernardo A B Altieri, Gastón D Maignon, Santiago L Bongiovanni
PURPOSE: To evaluate functional outcomes and complications in a consecutive group of patients with partial bursal rotator cuff tears (PBRCTs) treated with insitu repair without acromioplasty. METHODS: Seventy-four patients who had undergone an arthroscopic single row in situ repair for bursal-sided rotator cuff tears were evaluated. Clinical assessment consisted of glenohumeral range of motion measurement, the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons score, and the University of California at Los Angeles score...
March 20, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330928/surgery-for-cancer-a-trigger-for-metastases
#3
REVIEW
Samer Tohme, Richard L Simmons, Allan Tsung
Surgery is a crucial intervention and provides a chance of cure for patients with cancer. The perioperative period is characterized by an increased risk for accelerated growth of micrometastatic disease and increased formation of new metastatic foci. The true impact for cancer patients remains unclear. This review summarizes the often fragmentary clinical and experimental evidence supporting the role of surgery and inflammation as potential triggers for disease recurrence. Surgery induces increased shedding of cancer cells into the circulation, suppresses antitumor immunity allowing circulating cells to survive, upregulates adhesion molecules in target organs, recruits immune cells capable of entrapping tumor cells, and induces changes in the target tissue and in the cancer cells themselves to enhance migration and invasion to establish at the target site...
March 22, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329289/repair-of-calcified-left-ventricular-pseudoaneurysm-of-long-duration
#4
Orhan Saim Demirtürk, Elif Karadeli, Utku Alemdaroglu, Mustafa Yilmaz
Cardiac pseudoaneurysm is a contained rupture of the myocardium limited by pericardial adhesions or the epicardial wall. Cardiac pseudoaneurysm may cause sudden death with a mortality of 30-45% in the first year, mostly resulting from rupture. Coronal and axial T2-weighted magnetic resonance images of a 65-year-old male patient admitted with dyspnoea, coughing and chest pain, present for the last 10 days, revealed a large pseudoaneursym of the left ventricle. Coronary bypass and left ventricular restoration operation was performed...
February 23, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323713/efficacy-of-poly-d-l-lactic-acid-co-glycolic-acid-poly-ethylene-glycol-poly-d-l-lactic-acid-co-glycolic-acid-thermogel-as-a-barrier-to-prevent-spinal-epidural-fibrosis-in-a-postlaminectomy-rat-model
#5
Xiangqian Li, Lin Chen, Hong Lin, Luping Cao, Ji'an Cheng, Jian Dong, Lin Yu, Jiandong Ding
STUDY DESIGN: Experimental animal study. OBJECTIVE: The authors conducted a study to determine the efficacy and safety of the poly(D,L-lactic acid-co-glycolic acid)-poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(D,L-lactic acid-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA-PEG-PLGA) thermogel to prevent peridural fibrosis in an adult rat laminectomy model. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Peridural fibrosis often occurs after spinal laminectomy. It might cause persistent back and/or leg pain postoperatively and make a reoperation more difficult and dangerous...
April 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321378/hemi-transseptal-approach-for-pituitary-surgery-a-follow-up-study
#6
Naif Fnais, Salvatore Di Maio, Susan Edionwe, Anthony Zeitouni, Denis Sirhan, Constanza J Valdes, Marc A Tewfik
Objectives The hemi-transseptal (Hemi-T) approach was developed to overcome the potential drawbacks of the nasoseptal flap (NSF) in endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal skull base surgery. In this study, we describe further refinements on the Hemi-T approach, and report long-term outcomes as compared with traditional methods of skull base reconstruction. Design A retrospective case-control study. Setting Montreal Neurological Institute and Jewish General Hospital, Montreal, Canada. Participants Patients who underwent endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal approach to skull base pathology...
April 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319517/effects-of-a-lidocaine-loaded-poloxamer-alginate-cacl2-mixture-on-postoperative-pain-and-adhesion-in-a-rat-model-of-incisional-pain
#7
Geun Joo Choi, Hyun Kang, Min Eui Hong, Hwa Yong Shin, Chong Wha Baek, Yong Hun Jung, Younsuk Lee, Jeong Wook Kim, I L Kyu Park, Wan Jin Cho
BACKGROUND: Pain and adhesion are problematic issues after surgery. Lidocaine has analgesics and anti-inflammatory properties, and poloxamer/alginate/CaCl2 (PACM) is a known antiadhesive agent. We hypothesized that the novel combination of lidocaine as chemical barrier and PACM as physical barrier would be beneficial for both postoperative pain and adhesion. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of lidocaine-loaded PACM in a rat model of incisional pain. Primary outcome was to evaluate between-group differences for the mechanical withdrawal threshold (MWT) measured by von Frey filament in various concentrations of lidocaine-loaded PACM applied, PACM applied, and sham-operated groups...
March 17, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317041/importance-of-critical-view-of-safety-in-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-survey-of-120-serial-patients-with-no-incidence-of-complications
#8
Bulent Kaya, Mehmet Mahir Fersahoglu, Fatih Kilic, Ender Onur, Kemal Memisoglu
BACKGROUNDS/AIMS: To determine the importance of critical view of safety techniques in laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: A total of 120 patients were included in the study, between January 2015 to March 2016. Hydrodissection was performed for cases presenting with severe adhesions or cholecystitis. A critical view of safety was performed for all patients undergoing the procedure for isolation of cystic duct and cystic artery with cystic plate dissection. Demographic characteristics of the patients, as well as intraoperative and postoperative minor or major complications were recorded...
February 2017: Ann Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316328/reoperation-after-cyst-excision-with-hepaticojejunostomy-for-choledochal-cysts-our-experience-in-18-cases
#9
Qingfeng Sheng, Zhibao Lv, Weijue Xu, Xianmin Xiao, Jiangbin Liu, Yibo Wu
BACKGROUND Complete cyst excision with biliary reconstruction is the treatment of choice for choledochal cyst (CC). The aim of this article is to review our experience in patients who underwent reoperation between January 1995 and December 2014. MATERIAL AND METHODS The records of 18 patients (female/male, 15/3) were retrospectively analyzed including age, sex, cyst type, initial procedure, lab and imaging findings, indications for reoperation, intraoperative findings, and results of reoperation. The median follow-up period was 6 years...
March 20, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316225/-the-clinical-impact-of-artery-first-approach-combined-with-vascular-resection-and-reconstruction-in-the-treatment-of-pancreatic-head-carcinoma
#10
J L Huang, W G Li, F Z Chen, Z J Su, F M Li, B Liu
Objective: To evaluate the application of artery first, combined vascular resection and reconstruction in the treatment of pancreatic head carcinoma. Methods: The clinical data of 13 patients with pancreatic head cancer were retrospectively analyzed from February 2014 to March 2016 in the Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University. Preoperative computed tomography of high resolution layer or magnetic resonance imaging examination demonstrated pancreatic head carcinoma, as well as close adhesion, stenosis, compression or displacement of superior mesenteric vein or portal vein wall...
March 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314305/prediction-of-postoperative-risks-in-laparoscopic-partial-nephrectomy-using-renal-mayo-adhesive-probability-and-renal-pelvic-score
#11
Simone Bier, Stefan Aufderklamm, Tilman Todenhöfer, Stephan Kruck, Karoline Schuster, Steffen Rausch, Ahmed Othman, Mike Notohamiprodjo, Konstantin Nikolaou, Christian Schwentner, Arnulf Stenzl, Georg Bier, Jens Bedke
AIM: To evaluate the Mayo Adhesive Probability (MAP) score, renal pelvis score, and RENAL nephrometry score for the prediction of surgical outcome in patients with renal masses undergoing laparoscopic partial nephrectomy at a single center. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 280 patients who underwent laparoscopic partial nephrectomy were identified retrospectively. Thirty-eight patients were excluded because of a lack of preoperative imaging. The outcome measures included surgical technique, patient characteristics, MAP score, renal-pelvis-score, RENAL nephrometry score, and complication rates according to the Clavien-Dindo classification...
March 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302233/an-unusual-case-of-caecal-volvulus-due-to-appendicitis-successfully-managed-by-caecopexy
#12
Samiullah Bhatti, Mahmood Ayyaz Khan, Waris Farooka, Usman Ismat Butt, Usman Ali Rehman, Awais Amjad Malik
Caecal volvulus is a rare cause of intestinal obstruction. Caecal volvulus precipitated by acute appendicitis is even rarer. We report an unusual case of caecal volvulus with acute appendicitis as a cause. A 55-year female presented in surgical emergency with 3 days history of abdominal pain, distension and absolute constipation; and 2 days history of vomiting. Her past surgical history was significant for hysterectomy 5 years back. On examination, abdomen was distended and bowel sounds exaggerated. X-ray abdomen erect showed a single large air fluid level in the right hemiabdomen...
March 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298824/comparative-evaluation-of-healing-after-periodontal-flap-surgery-using-isoamyl-2-cyanoacrylate-bioadhesive-material-and-silk-sutures-a-split-mouth-clinical-study
#13
Jyotsana Veneet Khurana, Amita Milind Mali, Rohini Salil Mali, Amit Ulhas Chaudhari
BACKGROUND: Many factors contribute to uneventful and healthy postoperative healing. Hence, closure of periodontal flap postsurgery for the attainment of primary union between flap margins is of utmost importance. Isoamyl 2-cyanoacrylate is a tissue adhesive, which can be used for the closure of elevated flaps to overcome the problems associated with conventional suture material like silk. AIM: This study aims to compare healing after periodontal flap surgery using isoamyl 2-cyanoacrylate (bioadhesive material) and silk sutures...
July 2016: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297161/photoreversibility-and-biocompatibility-of-polydimethylsiloxane-coumarin-as-adjustable-intraocular-lens-material
#14
Rachid Jellali, Virginie Bertrand, Michaël Alexandre, Nancy Rosière, Magda Grauwels, Marie-Claire De Pauw-Gillet, Christine Jérôme
Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) constitutes an interesting material for a variety of biomedical applications, especially as intraocular lenses (IOLs), for its excellent transparency. In this work, a photoreversible PDMS-coumarin network, whose shape and properties can be adjusted postoperatively in a noninvasive manner, is developed. The synthesis of PDMS-coumarin is achieved by amidation of a coumarin acid chloride derivative with amine-functionalized PDMSs. Under exposure of λ > 300 nm, these polymers can be cured by dimerization of coumarin...
March 15, 2017: Macromolecular Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296750/comparison-of-clinical-outcomes-in-all-arthroscopic-versus-mini-open-repair-of-rotator-cuff-tears-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#15
Jin Liu, Lin Fan, Yingbo Zhu, Haotong Yu, Tianyang Xu, Guodong Li
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to compare the clinical outcomes of patients undergoing all-arthroscopic (AA) or mini-open (MO) rotator cuff repair. METHODS: The present study evaluated 50 patients who had undergone AA repair and 50 patients who had undergone MO repair with a minimum 1-year follow-up. Every patient was asked to complete the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) and visual analog scale (VAS) questionnaires. Constant-Murley score (CMS) and active ranges, forward flexion and external rotation, were also evaluated and documented...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295003/-epithelial-cadherins-and-associated-molecules-in-invasive-lobular-breast-cancer
#16
Yu M Brilliant, A A Brilliant, S V Sazonov
AIM: to estimate the expression of cell adhesion molecules E- and P-cadherin, as well as that of cadherin-catenin complexes in invasive lobular breast cancer (BC) cells. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 250 cases of postoperative material from patients diagnosed with invasive lobular BC were studied. The expressions of cell adhesion molecules E-cadherin, P-cadherin, β-catenin, p120 catenin, and vimentin were determined by immunohistochemical assay in all cases. The examined cases were divided into molecular biological subtypes, based on the evaluation of estrogen receptors (ER), progesterone receptors (PR), HER-2/neu, and Ki-67 proliferative index...
2017: Arkhiv Patologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293333/percutaneous-cannulated-compression-screw-osteosynthesis-in-phalanx-fractures-the-surgical-technique-the-indications-and-the-results
#17
Eirini Liodaki, Tobias Kisch, Eike Wenzel, Peter Mailänder, Felix Stang
Objective: Fractures of metacarpals and phalanges are very common fractures, and there are a lot of treatment modalities. The purpose of the study was to describe the technique of percutaneous fixation of phalangeal fractures using a cannulated compression screw fixation system and its results. Methods: We conducted a prospective clinical study on 43 patients with different types of phalangeal fractures undergoing a percutaneous cannulated compression screw osteosynthesis. Parameters such as average operation time and clinical outcome were evaluated postoperatively...
2017: Eplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286399/application-of-4-meta-adhesive-resin-to-the-occlusal-surface-during-surgery-facilitates-postoperative-occlusal-management
#18
Aoki Noriaki, Baba Junichi, Iwai Toshinori, Tohnai Iwai
PURPOSE: Orthognathic surgery is generally used to correct facial deformities and establish functional occlusion. Preoperative orthodontic treatment is important for stabilizing and establishing the postoperative occlusion. However, sufficient preoperative surgical orthodontic treatment might be sometimes difficult in patients with an abnormally shaped maxilla or mandible or severe jaw deformity. METHODS: We performed this technique over 10 patients with jaw deformities after insufficient presurgical orthodontic treatment...
March 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286306/a-controlled-study-of-the-role-of-cryopreserved-amniotic-membrane-transplant-during-strabismus-reoperations
#19
Rehab Rashad Kassem, Ahmed Mostafa Kamal, Randa Mohamed Abdel-Moneim El-Mofty, Hala Mostafa Elhilali
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of using cryopreserved human amniotic membrane (AM) transplant during strabismus reoperations. METHODS: A total of 30 patients with persistent strabismus were included in this controlled, prospective study. Patients were divided into two groups of 15 patients each. The AM group underwent strabismus reoperation with wrapping of the muscles with cryopreserved amniotic membrane. Controls underwent strabismus reoperation without an AM wrap...
March 9, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283791/balloon-eustachian-tuboplasty-in-children
#20
A Leichtle, D Hollfelder, B Wollenberg, K-L Bruchhage
Endonasal ballon dilatation of the Eustachian tube (BET) is a promising treatment for Eustachian tube dysfunction with encouraging results over the last years in adults. In addition, in children, single studies demonstrated promising results, but revealed the necessity for broader and additional studies. Our retrospective analysis presents outcomes with BET in children with chronic obstructive dysfunction of the Eustachian tube, showing resistance to the conventional therapy after adenotomy with paracentesis or grommets (ventilation tubes)...
March 10, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
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