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Prostate cancer and quality of life

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921938/prostate-cancer-treatment-in-renal-transplant-recipients-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Giancarlo Marra, Ettore Dalmasso, Marco Angello, Stefania Munegato, Andrea Bosio, Omidreza Sedigh, Luigi Biancone, Paolo Gontero
BACKGROUND: The majority of kidney transplants are performed in recipients (RTR) over 50; simultaneously their life expectancy is improving. The increasing age and number of RTR is likely to be paralleled by an increase of prostate cancer (PCa) incidence. However, little is known on the optimal management of these patients who represent a therapeutic challenge due to medical and anatomical graft-related issues. METHODS: AMED, Medline and Embase were searched until November 17(th) , 2016 adhering to the PRISMA guidelines and the AMSTAR checklist to investigate oncological and functional outcomes of PCa treatment in RTR...
September 18, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918408/effectiveness-cost-utility-and-implementation-of-a-decision-aid-for-patients-with-localised-prostate-cancer-and-their-partners-study-protocol-of-a-stepped-wedge-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Hoda H M Al-Itejawi, Cornelia F van Uden-Kraan, Peter M van de Ven, Veerle M H Coupé, André N Vis, Jakko A Nieuwenhuijzen, Jeroen A van Moorselaar, Irma M Verdonck-de Leeuw
INTRODUCTION: Patient decision aids (PDAs) have been developed to help patients make an informed choice for a treatment option. Despite proven benefits, structural implementation falls short of expectations. The present study aims to assess the effectiveness and cost-utility of the PDA among newly diagnosed patients with localised prostate cancer and their partners, alongside implementation of the PDA in routine care. METHODS/ANALYSIS: A stepped-wedge cluster randomised trial will be conducted...
September 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916284/stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-versus-low-dose-rate-brachytherapy-for-localised-prostate-cancer-a-cost-utility-analysis
#3
J Helou, S Torres, H B Musunuru, J Raphael, P Cheung, D Vesprini, H T Chung, L D'Alimonte, M Krahn, G Morton, A Loblaw
AIMS: To conduct a cost-utility analysis comparing stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) with low dose rate brachytherapy (LDR-BT) for localised prostate cancer (PCa). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A decision-analytic Markov model was developed from the healthcare payer perspective to simulate the history of a 66-year-old man with low-risk PCa. The model followed patients yearly over their remaining lifetimes. Health states included 'recurrence-free', 'biochemical recurrence' (BR), 'metastatic' and 'death'...
September 12, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914998/clinicopathological-characteristics-of-distant-metastases-of-adenocarcinoma-squamous-cell-carcinoma-and-urothelial-carcinoma-an-autopsy-study-of-older-japanese-patients
#4
Yoko Matsuda, Atsuko Seki, Keisuke Nonaka, Mototsune Kakizaki, Tan Wang, Junko Aida, Naoshi Ishikawa, Yuta Nakano, Daita Kaneda, Tadayuki Takata, Junko Takahashi-Fujigasaki, Shigeo Murayama, Kaiyo Takubo, Toshiyuki Ishiwata, Motoji Sawabe, Tomio Arai
AIM: We aimed to clarify the characteristics of malignancies in older adults focusing on distant metastasis in the whole body. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 7710 cases of autopsies (4011 men, 3699 women, median age of 80 years), and analyzed the characteristics of metastasis of adenocarcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and urothelial carcinoma in each organ. RESULTS: The total number of cases with adenocarcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma or urothelial carcinoma was 2856, and most of them were adenocarcinomas...
September 15, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913671/the-effect-of-educational-program-based-on-precede-model-in-promoting-prostate-cancer-screening-in-a-sample-of-iranian-men
#5
Ali Khani Jeihooni, Seyyed Mansour Kashfi, Mahmood Hatami, Abulqasim Avand, Mohammad-Rafi Bazrafshan
Prostate cancer is one of the most prevalent diseases among men. This study aimed to assess the effect of educational program based on Predisposing, Reinforcing, and Enabling Constructs in Educational/Environmental Diagnosis and Evaluation (PRECEDE) model in promoting prostate cancer screening in a sample of Iranian men. This is a quasi-experimental study carried out on 300 men aged 40 to 70 (the subjects 150 experimental and 150 control groups) in Shiraz City, Fars Province, Iran, in 2016. The participants of the intervention group attended training based on the PRECEDE model...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900822/an-international-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prehabilitation-compared-to-usual-care-for-cancer-patients
#6
REVIEW
C Treanor, T Kyaw, M Donnelly
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to systematically review and synthesise randomised controlled trials investigating the effectiveness of prehabilitation compared to usual care for newly diagnosed, adult-onset cancer patients. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL and SSCI were searched up to April 2017. Studies were included if disease-related, treatment-related, patient-reported and health service utilisation outcomes were assessed. Two reviewers independently reviewed and appraised the risk of bias of each study...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900813/assessment-of-acute-bowel-function-after-radiotherapy-for-prostate-cancer-is-it-accurate-enough
#7
M Bonet, L Cayetano, M Núñez, E Jovell-Fernández, A Aguilar, Y Ribas
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Pelvic radiotherapy for prostate cancer can be associated with bowel toxicity, which may have a significant impact on quality of life. Our aim was to assess the adequacy of the tools currently used to assess bowel symptoms after radiotherapy, including physician and patient reported outcomes. This sub-study on acute toxicity was part of a prospective trial assessing long-term bowel dysfunction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between February 2013 and July 2015, 75 patients with prostate cancer who received radiotherapy completed the LENT/SOMA and the EPIC questionnaires baseline and 2 weeks after the treatment...
September 12, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895922/the-effect-of-nutrition-therapy-and-exercise-on-cancer-related-fatigue-and-quality-of-life-in-men-with-prostate-cancer-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Brenton J Baguley, Kate A Bolam, Olivia R L Wright, Tina L Skinner
BACKGROUND: Improvements in diet and/or exercise are often advocated during prostate cancer treatment, yet the efficacy of, and optimal nutrition and exercise prescription for managing cancer-related fatigue and quality of life remains elusive. The aim of this study is to systematically review the effects of nutrition and/or exercise on cancer-related fatigue and/or quality of life. METHODS: A literature search was conducted in six electronic databases. The Delphi quality assessment list was used to evaluate the methodological quality of the literature...
September 12, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895658/laparoscopic-and-robotic-assisted-versus-open-radical-prostatectomy-for-the-treatment-of-localised-prostate-cancer
#9
REVIEW
Dragan Ilic, Sue M Evans, Christie Ann Allan, Jae Hung Jung, Declan Murphy, Mark Frydenberg
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is commonly diagnosed in men worldwide. Surgery, in the form of radical prostatectomy, is one of the main forms of treatment for men with localised prostate cancer. Prostatectomy has traditionally been performed as open surgery, typically via a retropubic approach. The advent of laparoscopic approaches, including robotic-assisted, provides a minimally invasive alternative to open radical prostatectomy (ORP). OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of laparoscopic radical prostatectomy or robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy compared to open radical prostatectomy in men with localised prostate cancer...
September 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891846/quality-of-life-in-rectal-cancer-patients-after-chemoradiation-watch-and-wait-policy-versus-standard-resection-a-matched-controlled-study
#10
Britt J P Hupkens, Milou H Martens, Jan H Stoot, Maaike Berbee, Jarno Melenhorst, Regina G Beets-Tan, Geerard L Beets, Stéphanie O Breukink
BACKGROUND: Fifteen to twenty percent of patients with locally advanced rectal cancer have a clinical complete response after chemoradiation therapy. These patients can be offered nonoperative organ-preserving treatment, the so-called watch-and-wait policy. The main goal of this watch-and-wait policy is an anticipated improved quality of life and functional outcome in comparison with a total mesorectal excision, while maintaining a good oncological outcome. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the quality of life of watch-and-wait patients with a matched-controlled group of patients who underwent chemoradiation and surgery (total mesorectal excision group)...
October 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888746/-toxicity-and-quality-of-life-comparison-of-iodine-125%C3%A2-brachytherapy-and-stereotactic-radiotherapy-for-prostate-cancers
#11
K Gnep, T Lizée, B Campillo-Gimenez, G Delpon, S Droupy, L Perrier, R de Crevoisier
Quality of life is a major issue for good prognostic prostate cancer, for which brachytherapy is one of the reference treatments. Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy (SBRT) is a recent alternative however not yet validated as a standard treatment. This review of the literature reports and compares the toxicities and the quality of life, either after exclusive brachytherapy with iodine 125 or after SBRT. The comparison is made with the limitations of the absence of randomized trial comparing the two treatment techniques...
September 6, 2017: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885095/spatial-rectal-dose-volume-metrics-predict-patient-reported-gastro-intestinal-symptoms-after-radiotherapy-for-prostate-cancer
#12
Oscar Casares-Magaz, Ludvig Paul Muren, Vitali Moiseenko, Stine E Petersen, Niclas Johan Pettersson, Morten Høyer, Joseph O Deasy, Maria Thor
BACKGROUND: Gastro-intestinal (GI) toxicity after radiotherapy (RT) for prostate cancer reduces patient's quality of life. In this study, we explored associations between spatial rectal dose/volume metrics and patient-reported GI symptoms after RT for localized prostate cancer, and compared these with those of dose-surface/volume histogram (DSH/DVH) metrics. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Dose distributions and six GI symptoms (defecation urgency/emptying difficulties/fecal leakage, ≥Grade 2, median follow-up: 3...
September 8, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881355/presurgical-weight-loss-affects-tumour-traits-and-circulating-biomarkers-in-men-with-prostate-cancer
#13
Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Soroush Rais-Bahrami, Renee A Desmond, Jennifer B Gordetsky, Gary R Hunter, Eddy S Yang, Maria Azrad, Andrew D Frugé, Yuko Tsuruta, Lyse A Norian, Roanne Segal, William E Grizzle
BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with aggressive prostate cancer. To explore whether weight loss favourably affects tumour biology and other outcomes, we undertook a presurgical trial among overweight and obese men with prostate cancer. METHODS: This single-blinded, two-arm randomised controlled trial explored outcomes of a presurgical weight loss intervention (WLI) that promoted ∼1 kg per week loss via caloric restriction and increased physical activity (PA)...
September 7, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874332/the-relationship-between-incontinence-and-erectile-dysfunction-after-robotic-prostatectomy-are-they-mutually-exclusive
#14
Savas T Tsikis, Charles U Nottingham, Sarah F Faris
BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence (UI) and erectile dysfunction (ED) remain the most common long-term complications of prostatectomy, with a significant impact on sexual health and quality of life. AIMS: To determine the relation between UI and moderate to severe ED and the risk factors for UI in patients undergoing robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy. METHODS: Patients in our institutional database who underwent robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy for prostate cancer (2006-2013) and who completed the University of California-Los Angeles Prostate Cancer Index and the Sexual Health Inventory for Men (SHIM) surveys at 12 months after prostatectomy were eligible for inclusion...
September 2, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873372/efficacy-and-safety-of-the-oral-multikinase-regorafenib-in-metastatic-colorectal-cancer
#15
Giuseppe Cicero, Rossella De Luca, Francesco Dieli
BACKGROUND/AIM: A clinical trial demonstrated that treatment with oral multikinase regorafenib improved overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), and disease control [García-Alfonso et al.: J Clin Transl Oncol 2016;18:1072-1081; Bertocchi et al.: J Chemother 2017;29:102-105]. In this study, we aimed to evaluate its effectiveness in Italian patients with hormone-refractory metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) progressing after chemotherapy with docetaxel plus prednisone...
September 6, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871986/quality-of-life-after-radiation-therapy-for-prostate-cancer-with-a-hydrogel-spacer-5-year-results
#16
Michael Pinkawa, Vanessa Berneking, Marsha Schlenter, Barbara Krenkel, Michael J Eble
PURPOSE: To evaluate quality of life changes up to 5 years after prostate cancer radiation therapy (RT) with a hydrogel spacer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: In the years 2010 to 2011, 114 patients received external beam radiation therapy to the prostate; 54 patients were selected for a hydrogel injection before the beginning of RT. Treatment was performed applying fractions of 2 Gy up to a total dose of 76 Gy (n=96) or 78 Gy (n=18, all with hydrogel). Patients were surveyed before RT; at the last day of RT; and a median time of 2 months, 17 months, and 63 months after RT using a validated questionnaire (Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite)...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869202/short-and-long-term-functional-outcomes-and-quality-of-life-after-radical-prostatectomy-patient-reported-outcomes-from-a-tertiary-high-volume-center
#17
Raisa S Pompe, Zhe Tian, Felix Preisser, Pierre Tennstedt, Burkhard Beyer, Uwe Michl, Markus Graefen, Hartwig Huland, Pierre I Karakiewicz, Derya Tilki
BACKGROUND: Results from population-based studies and the Prostate Testing for Cancer and Treatment trial reported worse urinary continence (UC) and erectile function (EF) for radical prostatectomy (RP) patients compared with their radiation or active surveillance counterparts. OBJECTIVE: To investigate functional outcomes for patients undergoing RP in a high-volume center. DATA, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A total of 8573 consecutive RP patients (2008-2012) were analyzed...
August 28, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866822/dutch-economic-value-of-radium-223-in-metastatic-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer
#18
Michel L Peters, Claudine de Meijer, Dirk Wyndaele, Walter Noordzij, Annemarie M Leliveld-Kors, Joan van den Bosch, Pieter H van den Berg, Agni Baka, Jennifer G Gaultney
BACKGROUND: The treatment of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer has changed with the introduction of radium-223, cabazitaxel, abiraterone and enzalutamide. To assess value for money, their cost effectiveness in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer previously treated with docetaxel from the Dutch societal perspective was investigated. METHODS: A cost-effectiveness analysis was conducted using efficacy, symptomatic skeletal-related event and safety data obtained from indirect treatment comparisons...
September 2, 2017: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861845/face-to-face-vs-online-peer-support-groups-for-prostate-cancer-a-cross-sectional-comparison-study
#19
Johannes Huber, Tanja Muck, Philipp Maatz, Bastian Keck, Paul Enders, Imad Maatouk, Andreas Ihrig
BACKGROUND: As social media are evolving rapidly online support groups (OSG) are becoming increasingly important for patients. Therefore, the aim of our study was to compare the users of traditional face-to-face support groups and OSG. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional comparison study of all regional face-to-face support groups and the largest OSG in Germany. By applying validated instruments, the survey covered sociodemographic and disease-related information, decision-making habits, psychological aspects, and quality of life...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859204/-physical-activity-and-cancer
#20
Stephanie Krebs, Anika Berling-Ernst, Martin Halle
The value of physical activity in cancer prevention and therapy has been increasingly recognised during the last twenty years. Many patients suffer from a loss of physical performance and a decline in quality of life - with fatigue, anxiety and depression as a direct result of their disease and therapy. Since the 1990 s, there has been a substantial increase in scientific evidence demonstrating the positive effects of physical activity in cancer patients. This article presents an overview of the most important studies investigating the effects of physical activity for breast, colon, and prostate cancer...
August 31, 2017: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
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