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Situational judgement test

R K MacKenzie, J Dowell, D Ayansina, J A Cleland
Traditional methods of assessing personality traits in medical school selection have been heavily criticised. To address this at the point of selection, "non-cognitive" tests were included in the UK Clinical Aptitude Test, the most widely-used aptitude test in UK medical education (UKCAT: ). We examined the predictive validity of these non-cognitive traits with performance during and on exit from medical school. We sampled all students graduating in 2013 from the 30 UKCAT consortium medical schools...
October 4, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
David S Oderberg
I explore the increasingly important issue of cooperation in immoral actions, particularly in connection with healthcare. Conscientious objection, especially as pertains to religious freedom in healthcare, has become a pressing issue in the light of the US Supreme Court judgement in Hobby Lobby Section 'Moral evaluation using the basic principles of cooperation' outlines a theory of cooperation inspired by Catholic moral theologians such as those cited by the court. The theory has independent plausibility and is at least worthy of serious consideration-in part because it is an instance of double-effect reasoning, which is also independently plausible despite its association with moral theology...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Medical Ethics
P Lambe, E Kay, D Bristow
AIM: In 2013 the UKCAT included a non-cognitive situational judgement test in addition to the four cognitive subtests commonly used by UK dental schools to select students. However, little is known about the situational judgement test's psychometric properties and relationship to other selection tools. This study's aim was explore these issues to inform decisions about the inclusion of the UKCAT SJT in the dental student selection process. METHOD: The sample comprised a cohort of applicants to a Bachelor of Dental Surgery programme, at a UK dental school, which does not use achievement in the UKCAT SJT in its selection process...
September 26, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
Fiona Patterson, Alec Knight, Liam McKnight, Thomas C Booth
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated whether two selection tests previously validated for primary care General Practice (GP) trainee selection could provide a valid shortlisting selection method for entry into specialty training for the secondary care specialty of radiology. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of data from radiology applicants who also applied to UK GP specialty training or Core Medical Training. The psychometric properties of the two selection tests, a clinical problem solving (CPS) test and situational judgement test (SJT), were analysed to evaluate their reliability...
2016: BMC Medical Education
Premala Sureshkumar, Chris Roberts, Tyler Clark, Michael Jones, Robert Hale, Marcia Grant
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the factors eligible applicants consider in electing for a rural pathway into specialty training. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Applicants to the Australian General Practice Training program. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Applicants' initial preference of either a general or rural pathway to undertake specialty training. RESULTS: Of the 2,221 applicants, 45% were Australian Medical Graduates (AMGs), 27% Foreign Graduates of Accredited Medical Schools (FGAMS) and 29% International Medical Graduates (IMGs)...
July 5, 2016: Australian Journal of Rural Health
Claudia Kiessling, Johannes Bauer, Martin Gartmeier, Peter Iblher, Gudrun Karsten, Jan Kiesewetter, Grit E Moeller, Anne Wiesbeck, Michaela Zupanic, Martin R Fischer
OBJECTIVE: To develop a computer-based test (CBT) measuring medical students' communication skills in the field of shared decision making (SDM) and to evaluate its construct validity. METHODS: The CBT was developed in the context of an experimental study comparing three different trainings for SDM (including e-learning and/or role-play) and a control group. Assessment included a CBT (Part A: seven context-poor questions, Part B: 15 context-rich questions) and interviews with two simulated patients (SP-assessment)...
June 14, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
N Taylor, S Mehra, K Elley, F Patterson, F Cousans
Situational judgement tests (SJTs) have been shown to be reliable and valid tools for assessing non-academic attributes across numerous healthcare professions. However, within the context of selection into dental foundation training (DFT) in the UK the introduction of an SJT is relatively new. This expert opinion highlights four key considerations regarding the DFT SJT in order to inform further debate amongst researchers and stakeholders. We clarify that SJTs measure non-academic attributes important for success in dental training, and that their context and content must be updated regularly to ensure their relevance, realism and fairness to current applicants...
June 10, 2016: British Dental Journal
Michael Bath
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Medical Teacher
Filip Lievens, Fiona Patterson, Jan Corstjens, Stuart Martin, Sandra Nicholson
CONTEXT: Widening access promotes student diversity and the appropriate representation of all demographic groups. This study aims to examine diversity-related benefits of the use of situational judgement tests (SJTs) in the UK Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT) in terms of three demographic variables: (i) socio-economic status (SES); (ii) ethnicity, and (iii) gender. METHODS: Outcomes in medical and dental school applicant cohorts for the years 2012 (n = 15 581) and 2013 (n = 15 454) were studied...
June 2016: Medical Education
James P Blackmur, Nazir I Lone, Oliver D Stone, David J Webb, Neeraj Dhaun
The 2-hour long United Kingdom Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT) is used by many universities in the United Kingdom as part of their selection process for undergraduate medical and dentistry degrees. We aimed to compare the performance of senior doctors in primary and secondary care and across a range of specialties, in a modified version of the medical school entrance examination-the mUKCAT. Lay people were also included in the study. Despite its widespread use, this is the first study that examines the performance of senior clinicians in the UKCAT...
May 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Simon Gregory, Fiona Patterson, Helen Baron, Alec Knight, Kieran Walsh, Bill Irish, Sally Thomas
CONTEXT: Increasing pressure is being placed on external accountability and cost efficiency in medical education and training internationally. We present an illustrative data analysis of the value-added of postgraduate medical education. METHOD: We analysed historical selection (entry) and licensure (exit) examination results for trainees sitting the UK Membership of the Royal College of General Practitioners (MRCGP) licensing examination (N = 2291). Selection data comprised: a clinical problem solving test (CPST); a situational judgement test (SJT); and a selection centre (SC)...
April 13, 2016: Medical Teacher
Ferdinand Hoffmann, Christian Banzhaf, Philipp Kanske, Matti Gärtner, Felix Bermpohl, Tania Singer
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) has been associated with empathy deficits. The exact nature of these deficits and their relation to concurrent alexithymia remain unknown. Here we tested under which conditions MDD patients with high and low alexithymia show deficient empathy, particularly investigating empathic abilities when inhibition of self-related emotional states is needed and when it is not. METHODS: Healthy controls (low: n=28, high: n=14) and currently depressed MDD patients (low: n=11, high: n=18) with low or high alexithymia performed an emotional egocentricity paradigm based on tactile stimulation...
July 15, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Esben Elholm Madsen, Anne-Le Morville, Anette Enemark Larsen, Tina Hansen
Background In Denmark patients are entitled to rehabilitation regardless of socio-economic status (SES). During this process therapists have to balance cost effectiveness with providing equal treatment. Aim To investigate whether occupational therapists and physiotherapists were influenced by the patient's SES. Material and method An experimental factorial vignette survey was used. Four different vignettes describing fictitious patient cases with different SES variables were randomly allocated to therapists working in somatic hospitals...
July 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Fiona Patterson, Emma Rowett, Robert Hale, Marcia Grant, Chris Roberts, Fran Cousans, Stuart Martin
BACKGROUND: Evidence for the predictive validity of situational judgement tests (SJTs) and multiple-mini interviews (MMIs) is well-established in undergraduate selection contexts, however at present there is less evidence to support the validity of their use in postgraduate settings. More research is also required to assess the extent to which SJTs and MMIs are complementary for predicting performance in practice. This study represents the first longitudinal evaluation of the complementary roles and predictive validity of an SJT and an MMI for selection for entry into postgraduate General Practice (GP) specialty training in Australia...
2016: BMC Medical Education
Huiqin Yang, Carl Thompson
BACKGROUND: Nurses' risk assessments of patients at risk of deterioration are sometimes suboptimal. Advances in clinical simulation mean higher quality information can be used as an alternative to traditional paper-based approaches as a means of improving judgement. This paper tests the hypothesis that nurses' judgement strategies and policies change as the quality of information used by nurses in simulation changes. METHODS: Sixty-three student nurses and 34 experienced viewed 25 paper-case based and 25 clinically simulated scenarios, derived from real cases, and judged whether the (simulated) patient was at 'risk' of acute deterioration...
2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
P Affleck, M Bowman, M Wardman, S Sinclair, R Adams
Situational judgement tests (SJTs) are multiple-choice psychological assessments that claim to measure professional attributes such as empathy, integrity, team involvement and resilience. One of their attractions is the ability to rank large numbers of candidates. Last year SJTs formed a major component (50% of the assessment marks) of the selection process for dental foundation training (DFT). However, it is not clear what SJTs are actually assessing. There is also the concern that applicants who have developed ethical reasoning skills may be disadvantaged by such tests...
January 15, 2016: British Dental Journal
Fiona Patterson, Alec Knight, Jon Dowell, Sandra Nicholson, Fran Cousans, Jennifer Cleland
CONTEXT: Selection methods used by medical schools should reliably identify whether candidates are likely to be successful in medical training and ultimately become competent clinicians. However, there is little consensus regarding methods that reliably evaluate non-academic attributes, and longitudinal studies examining predictors of success after qualification are insufficient. This systematic review synthesises the extant research evidence on the relative strengths of various selection methods...
January 2016: Medical Education
Mycroft J Halliwell-Ewen, Charlotte Lee, Dipesh P Gopal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Helen E Clark, John A Perrone, Robert B Isler, Samuel G Charlton
Recent research on the perceived speed of large moving objects, compared to smaller moving objects, has revealed the presence of a size-speed illusion. This illusion, where a large object seems to be moving more slowly than a small object travelling at the same speed may account for collisions between motor cars and trains at level crossings, which is a serious safety issue in New Zealand and worldwide. One possible reason for the perceived size-speed difference may be related to the movement of our eyes when we track moving vehicles...
January 2016: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Ankur Patel, Aaron Philip
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
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