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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645291/the-effect-of-zoledronic-acid-on-type-and-volume-of-modic-changes-among-patients-with-low-back-pain
#1
Katri Koivisto, Jyri Järvinen, Jaro Karppinen, Marianne Haapea, Markus Paananen, Eero Kyllönen, Osmo Tervonen, Jaakko Niinimäki
BACKGROUND: Modic changes (MC) are associated with low back pain (LBP). In this study, we compared changes in size and type of MC, after a single intravenous infusion of 5 mg zoledronic acid (ZA) or placebo, among chronic LBP patients with MC on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and evaluated whether the MRI changes correlate with symptoms. METHODS: All patients (N = 19 in ZA, 20 in placebo) had MRI at baseline (0.23-1.5 T) and at one year (1.5-3 T). We evaluated the level, type and volume of all the MC...
June 23, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645289/degenerative-changes-of-the-canine-cervical-spine-after-discectomy-procedures-an-in-vivo-study
#2
Peter Grunert, Yu Moriguchi, Brian P Grossbard, Rodolfo J Ricart Arbona, Lawrence J Bonassar, Roger Härtl
BACKGROUND: Discectomies are a common surgical treatment for disc herniations in the canine spine. However, the effect of these procedures on intervertebral disc tissue is not fully understood. The objective of this study was to assess degenerative changes of cervical spinal segments undergoing discectomy procedures, in vivo. RESULTS: Discectomies led to a 60% drop in disc height and 24% drop in foraminal height. Segments did not fuse but showed osteophyte formation as well as endplate sclerosis...
June 23, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643966/-what-is-the-role-of-surgery-in-low-back-pain-associated-with-modic-changes
#3
Pietro Aniello Laudato, Viktor Bartanusz
Benign low back pain is frequent in the lucratively active population. Degenerative changes are considered the most frequent causes. The identification of pain generators remain challenging. Bone marrow lesions, Modic changes, are frequently associated with benign low back pain, mostly type 1. The etiology of Modic changes is unknown, both infectious and autoimmune mechanisms have been suggested. Despite the strong association of Modic changes with low back pain it is not clear whether lumbar surgery (lumbar fusion, total disc replacement) has any role in the management of these patients...
June 21, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632548/are-modic-changes-able-to-help-us-in-our-clinical-practice-a-study-of-the-modic-changes-in-young-adults-during-working-age
#4
José V Martínez-Quiñones, José Aso-Escario, Laura González-García, Fabián Consolini, Ricardo Arregui-Calvo
STUDY DESIGN: Modic changes [vertebral endplate spinal changes (VESC)] have been related to degenerative disk disease, and in past decades it was thought that their presence justified the surgical treatment, in particular spinal fusion. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study is to investigate its prevalence and features in a population of young workers suffering from low back pain, and explore the eventual relationship with the treatment applied in each case. BACKGROUND DATA: We conducted a retrospectively review of 450 magnetic resonance images from our hospital, in patients with low back pain or sciatica and age below 40...
July 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583099/magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-bacterial-and-tuberculous-spondylodiscitis-with-associated-complications-and-non-infectious-spinal-pathology-mimicking-infections-a-pictorial-review
#5
REVIEW
Yogesh Kumar, Nishant Gupta, Avneesh Chhabra, Takeshi Fukuda, Neetu Soni, Daichi Hayashi
Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging plays an important role in the evaluation of bacterial and tuberculous spondylodiscitis and associated complications. Owing to its high sensitivity and specificity, it is a powerful diagnostic tool in the early diagnosis of ongoing infections, and thus provides help in prompt initiation of appropriate, therapy which may be medical or surgical, by defining the extent of involvement and detection of complications such as epidural and paraspinal abscesses. More specifically, MR imaging helps in differentiating bacterial from tuberculous infections and enables follow up of progression or resolution after appropriate treatment...
June 5, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558277/cytotoxicity-and-genotoxicity-of-anticancer-drug-residues-and-their-mixtures-in-experimental-model-with-zebrafish-liver-cells
#6
Matjaž Novak, Bojana Žegura, Barbara Modic, Ester Heath, Metka Filipič
Anticancer drugs enter aquatic environment predominantly via hospital and municipal wastewater effluents where they may, due to their genotoxic potential, cause adverse environmental effects even at very low doses. In this study we evaluated cytotoxic and genotoxic potential of two widely used anticancer drugs, cyclophosphamide (CP) and ifosfamide (IF) as individual compounds and in a complex mixture together with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and cisplatin (CDDP) because these four drugs have been frequently detected in an oncological ward effluents...
May 27, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552835/effect-of-propionibacterium-acnes-pa-injection-on-intervertebral-disc-degeneration-in-a-rat-model-does-it-mimic-modic-changes
#7
Tomas Zamora, Joaquin Palma, Marcelo Andia, Patricia Garcia, Aniela Wozniak, Antonieta Solar, Mauricio Campos
INTRODUCTION: Multiple reports of bacterial isolates in human disc tissue have suggested a role of low-grade infection on intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) and Modic Changes (MC) generation. Animal models have been extensively used to study IDD; however, until recently, no consideration had been given to eventual infectious processes. To reproduce the phenomena by inoculating an infecting agent would support the infectious hypothesis. Therefore, we studied the effect of Propionibacterium acnes (PA)inoculation on rat tails and determined whether it would produce MCs on the adjacent endplates...
May 25, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548999/does-modic-change-progress-with-age
#8
Kiyoshi Tarukado, Teruaki Ono, Osamu Tono, Hiroki Tanaka, Ko Ikuta, Katsumi Harimaya, Toshio Doi
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional imaging study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to clarify the trend in the generation distinctions about the prevalence of Modic change (MC) including elderly patients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: MC has been discussed regarding its clinical significance, relationship with low back pain, suitable treatments, prevalence, and natural history. However, previous reports have focused on younger subjects, with few studies conducted in elderly patients...
May 25, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535556/feasibility-of-percutaneous-lumbar-discectomy-combined-with-percutaneous-cementoplasty-for-symptomatic-lumbar-disc-herniation-with-modic-type-i-endplate-changes
#9
Qing-Hua Tian, Ying-Ying Lu, Xi-Qi Sun, Tao Wang, Chun-Gen Wu, Ming-Hua Li, Sheng Cheng-Ying
BACKGROUND: Treatment of symptomatic lumbar disc herniation with Modic type I endplate changes is complex and challenging, requiring systemic and local therapies which include conservative therapy, epidural infiltrations, percutaneous therapeutic techniques, and surgical options. The clinical management of symptomatic lumbar disc herniation involving Modic type I endplate changes is uniquely challenging because it requires alleviating pain caused by both the herniated disc and the endplate osteochondritis...
May 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496357/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-persistent-low-back-pain-following-posterior-decompression-and-instrumented-fusion-for-lumbar-disk-herniation
#10
Hui Wang, Tao Wang, Qian Wang, Wenyuan Ding
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to explore the incidence and risk factors of persistent low back pain (PLBP) following posterior decompression and instrumented fusion for lumbar disk herniation and to provide references in decision-making and surgical planning for both spinal surgeons and surgically treated patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: By retrieving the medical records from January 2013 to December 2016, 221 patients were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were classified as having PLBP if numeric rating scale (NRS) scores were >50 at all postoperative follow-up time points (3 months, 6 months, and 12 months)...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496192/magnetic-field-tuning-of-an-excitonic-insulator-between-the-weak-and-strong-coupling-regimes-in-quantum-limit-graphite
#11
Z Zhu, R D McDonald, A Shekhter, B J Ramshaw, K A Modic, F F Balakirev, N Harrison
The excitonic insulator phase has long been predicted to form in proximity to a band gap opening in the underlying band structure. The character of the pairing is conjectured to crossover from weak (BCS-like) to strong coupling (BEC-like) as the underlying band structure is tuned from the metallic to the insulating side of the gap opening. Here we report the high-magnetic field phase diagram of graphite to exhibit just such a crossover. By way of comprehensive angle-resolved magnetoresistance measurements, we demonstrate that the underlying band gap opening occurs inside the magnetic field-induced phase, paving the way for a systematic study of the BCS-BEC-like crossover by means of conventional condensed matter probes...
May 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485657/mri-findings-in-lumbar-spine-following-o2-o3-chemiodiscolysis-a-long-term-follow-up
#12
Federico Bruno, Fernando Smaldone, Marco Varrassi, Francesco Arrigoni, Antonio Barile, Ernesto Di Cesare, Carlo Masciocchi, Alessandra Splendiani
Intradiscal O2-O3 injections are conventionally used as a minimally invasive treatment for lumbar disc herniation in patients not responding to conservative treatments. The aim of the present study is to report data of long-term imaging follow-up (3 years) of patients treated with intradiscal O2-O3 lumbar chemiodiscolysis. We evaluated the changes of disc volume and the modifications in disc appearance (in terms of disc degeneration) and endplate changes (according to Modic), comparing the results with a control group of patients...
January 1, 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473342/prevalence-of-traumatic-findings-on-routine-mri-in-a-large-cohort-of-professional-fighters
#13
J K Lee, J Wu, S Banks, C Bernick, M G Massand, M T Modic, P Ruggieri, S E Jones
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Previous studies investigating MR imaging abnormalities among fighters have had small sample sizes. This investigation assessed a large number of fighters using the same conventional sequences on the same scanner. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Conventional 3T MR imaging was used to assess 499 fighters (boxers, mixed martial artists, and martial artists) and 62 controls for nonspecific WM changes, cerebral microhemorrhage, cavum septum pellucidum, and cavum vergae...
May 4, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472000/must-read-books-for-your-bookshelf-or-digital-device-part-2
#14
Mary Beth Modic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal for Nurses in Professional Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467899/high-resolution-rna-maps-suggest-common-principles-of-splicing-and-polyadenylation-regulation-by-tdp-43
#15
Gregor Rot, Zhen Wang, Ina Huppertz, Miha Modic, Tina Lenče, Martina Hallegger, Nejc Haberman, Tomaž Curk, Christian von Mering, Jernej Ule
Many RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) regulate both alternative exons and poly(A) site selection. To understand their regulatory principles, we developed expressRNA, a web platform encompassing computational tools for integration of iCLIP and RNA motif analyses with RNA-seq and 3' mRNA sequencing. This reveals at nucleotide resolution the "RNA maps" describing how the RNA binding positions of RBPs relate to their regulatory functions. We use this approach to examine how TDP-43, an RBP involved in several neurodegenerative diseases, binds around its regulated poly(A) sites...
May 2, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453429/anti-microbial-coating-innovations-to-prevent-infectious-diseases-amici-cost-action-ca15114
#16
Colum P Dunne, Minna M Keinänen-Toivola, Anne Kahru, Birgit Teunissen, Hulya Olmez, Isabel Gouveia, Luis Melo, Kazimierz Murzyn, Martina Modic, Merja Ahonen, Pete Askew, Theofilos Papadopoulos, Christian Adlhart, Francy R L Crijns
Worldwide, millions of patients are affected annually by healthcare-associated infection (HCAI), impacting up to 80,000 patients in European Hospitals on any given day. This represents not only public health risk, but also an economic burden. Complementing routine hand hygiene practices, cleaning and disinfection, antimicrobial coatings hold promise based, in essence, on the application of materials and chemicals with persistent bactericidal or -static properties onto surfaces or in textiles used in healthcare environments...
April 28, 2017: Bioengineered
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433838/outcome-of-anterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-a-retrospective-study-of-clinical-and-radiological-parameters
#17
H Pinson, G Hallaert, P Herregodts, K Everaert, T Couvreur, J Caemaert, J P Kalala, D Van Roost
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to critically evaluate the long-term results of stand-alone anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF), without use of rhBMP-2, as a therapeutic option for symptomatic patients with degenerative disc disease (DDD). Furthermore this study intends to identify predictive parameters for anterior lumbar interbody fusion outcome. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study with additional telephone interview to obtain missing data was performed. All patients who underwent a L4-L5 and/or L5-S1 ALIF-procedure in the period between 2006 and 2011 were identified...
April 19, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431955/the-course-of-modic-vertebral-body-changes-after-posterolateral-lumbar-fusion-on-fused-and-adjacent-levels-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#18
REVIEW
Stella Taylor Portella, Marcus André Acioly
According to the original description by Modic et al., the natural course of bone marrow signal abnormalities is an inexorable, progressive one, however recent evidence has demonstrated in healthy individuals and those suffering from lumbar disc herniation that the course of endplate degenerative changes is rather dynamic and sometimes regressive. The evolution of such changes in lumbar fused segments and adjacent levels is largely unknown. The literature relevant to the course of Modic changes on fused and adjacent levels, as well as its clinical correspondence in patients undergoing posterolateral lumbar fusion was collected...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421295/do-modic-changes-affect-cervical-sagittal-alignment-and-motion-in-symptomatic-patients
#19
Tong Tong, Xian-Da Gao, Jia Li, Jing-Tao Zhang, Rui-Jie Niu, Zhao Liu, Yong Shen
PURPOSE: The cervical segmental instability often occurs simultaneously with Modic changes (MCs). However, it is unknown whether there is a relation between the two diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between MCs and cervical segmental instability, cervical curvature and range of motion (ROM) in the cervical spine. METHODS: A total of 464 patients with neck pain or cervical neurologic symptoms who underwent imaging examination were analyzed retrospectively...
April 18, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402320/prevalence-of-modic-changes-in-the-lumbar-vertebrae-and-their-associations-with-workload-smoking-and-weight-in-northern-china
#20
Chao Han, Ming-Jie Kuang, Jian-Xiong Ma, Xin-Long Ma
The distribution of Modic changes (MCs) in the lumbar endplates and the evaluation of the relationships between MCs and risk factors are vital for research into MCs. The T1-weighted and T2-weighted sagittal MRI scans of 210 patients who exhibited lumbar intervertebral disc degeneration were retrospectively reviewed. The patients' weights, genders, smoking statuses, physical activity levels and specific types of MC were recorded. The associations between MCs and risk factors, such as physical work, smoking and body mass index, were also analysed...
April 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
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