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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645923/the-connection-between-acute-otitis-media-and-the-acute-abdomen
#1
Imran Masood, Tami Hendriksz
A female aged 9 years with a recent episode of acute otitis media (AOM) presented to her primary care physician with complaints of severe abdominal pain with right lower quadrant rebound tenderness, suggestive of an acute surgical abdomen. Neurological examination was normal on presentation. She was transferred to the local children's hospital for workup of appendicitis, during which she began exhibiting ataxia and slurred speech. Further evaluation revealed mastoiditis, venous sinus thrombosis and subdural empyema...
June 22, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643016/screening-for-lynch-syndrome-in-young-saudi-colorectal-cancer-patients-using-microsatellite-instability-testing-and-next-generation-sequencing
#2
Masood Alqahtani, Caitlin Edwards, Natasha Buzzacott, Karen Carpenter, Khalid Alsaleh, Abdulmalik Alsheikh, Waleed Abozeed, Miral Mashhour, Afnan Almousa, Yousef Housawi, Shareefa Al Hawwaj, Barry Iacopetta
Individuals with Lynch syndrome (LS) have germline variants in DNA mismatch repair (MMR) genes that confer a greatly increased risk of colorectal cancer (CRC), often at a young age. Identification of these individuals has been shown to increase their survival through improved surveillance. We previously identified 33 high risk cases for LS in the Saudi population by screening for microsatellite instability (MSI) in the tumor DNA of 284 young CRC patients. The aim of the present study was to identify MMR gene variants in this cohort of patients...
June 22, 2017: Familial Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638589/gastrocolic-fistula-presented-as-an-early-complication-of-gastric-surgery-in-a-42-year-old-man
#3
Mohammad Javad Zahedi, Sara Shafiei Pour, Masood Dehghani, Nazanin Eslami
Currently, surgery is less needed for the treatment of refractory peptic ulcer disease (PUD) or its complications. So, the complications of PUD surgery have been clearly declined. Here in, we present a 42-year-old man with chronic watery diarrhea and significant weight loss during 2 years after gastrojejunostomy for the treatment of obstructive PUD. Small bowel gastrointestinal series showed rapid transit without passage of contrast in the parts of small bowel. The patient was scheduled for exploratory laparotomy...
April 2017: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635416/arsenic-and-fluoride-co-contamination-in-shallow-aquifers-from-agricultural-suburbs-and-an-industrial-area-of-punjab-pakistan-spatial-trends-sources-and-human-health-implications
#4
Abida Farooqi, Jawairia Sultana, Noshin Masood
Release of arsenic (As) and fluoride (F(-)) species into groundwater is a serious health concern around the world. The present study was the first systematic baseline study conducted in Rahim Yar Khan district, Punjab, focusing on As and F(-) contamination in groundwater. A total of 51 representative groundwater samples comprising of 44 samples from agricultural suburbs and 7 from an industrial base were analysed. Statistical parameters, principal component analysis-multiple linear regression (PCA-MLR) and health risk assessment model were used to investigate the hydro geochemistry, spatial patterns, interrelation, source contribution and associated health risks of high As and F(-) in groundwater of the study area...
January 1, 2017: Toxicology and Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629237/improved-pregnancy-outcome-following-earlier-splenectomy-in-women-with-immune-thrombocytopenia-a-5-year-observational-study
#5
Mohamed Rezk, Alaa Masood, Ragab Dawood, Mahmoud Emara, Hanan El-Sayed
OBJECTIVE: to assess prospectively the maternal and fetal outcome in women with immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) who undergone earlier splenectomy compared to women on medical therapy. METHODS: a 5-year observational study included pregnant women in the first trimester previously diagnosed with primary ITP with 74 patients underwent splenectomy before pregnancy and 86 patients on medical therapy. Patients were followed throughout pregnancy and labor to record their obstetric outcome...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628904/geochemical-characteristics-of-rare-earth-elements-in-different-types-of-soil-a-chemometric-approach
#6
Aysha Masood Khan, Shima Behkami, Ismail Yusoff, Sharifuddin Bin Md Zain, Nor Kartini Abu Bakar, Ahmad Farid Abu Bakar, Yatimah Alias
Rare earth elements (REEs) are becoming significant due to their huge applications in many industries, large-scale mining and refining activities. Increasing usage of such metals pose negative environmental impacts. In this research ICP-MS has been used to analyze soil samples collected from former ex-mining areas in the depths of 0-20 cm, 21-40 cm, and 41-60 cm of residential, mining, natural, and industrial areas of Perak. Principal component analysis (PCA) revealed that soil samples taken from different mining, industrial, residential, and natural areas are separated into four clusters...
June 9, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627054/effect-of-moringa-oleifera-leaf-powder-supplementation-on-growth-performance-and-intestinal-morphology-in-broiler-chickens
#7
I Khan, H Zaneb, S Masood, M S Yousaf, H F Rehman, H Rehman
Due to public health hazards of subtherapeutic use of antibiotics in poultry feed, there is a need for alternatives. Moringa oleifera is a phytobiotic, which is reported to possess antimicrobial and immuno-modulatory properties. This study aimed to investigate effects of M. oleifera leaf powder (MOLP) supplementation on growth performance and intestinal microarchitecture of broiler chickens. Day-old broiler chicks (n = 100) were randomly divided into five groups with four replicates each having five birds...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626747/risk-assessment-to-evaluate-if-crayons-complying-with-the-consumer-product-safety-improvement-act-of-2008-for-lead-also-comply-with-california-proposition-65
#8
Gulzar R Ahmad, Subodh Kumar, Dildar Ahmad, Masood A Shammas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618817/an-algorithm-to-increase-intelligibility-for-hearing-impaired-listeners-in-the-presence-of-a-competing-talker
#9
Eric W Healy, Masood Delfarah, Jordan L Vasko, Brittney L Carter, DeLiang Wang
Individuals with hearing impairment have particular difficulty perceptually segregating concurrent voices and understanding a talker in the presence of a competing voice. In contrast, individuals with normal hearing perform this task quite well. This listening situation represents a very different problem for both the human and machine listener, when compared to perceiving speech in other types of background noise. A machine learning algorithm is introduced here to address this listening situation. A deep neural network was trained to estimate the ideal ratio mask for a male target talker in the presence of a female competing talker...
June 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618752/a-comparison-of-culture-and-pcr-methods-for-identifying-propionibacterium-acnes-in-lesions-isolated-from-patients-with-acne
#10
Negin Naghdi, Masood Ghane
BACKGROUND/AIM: One of the factors that affect the occurrence of acne is the presence of Propionibacterium acnes. The present study was conducted to compare the culture and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) methods for identifying P. acnes in lesions isolated from patients with acne. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To examine the presence of P. acnes, 70 samples of acne lesions were collected. Microbial culture and the PCR molecular technique were used to identify P. acnes...
June 12, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611636/autoimmune-diabetes-and-thyroiditis-complicating-treatment-with-nivolumab
#11
Li Li, Awais Masood, Shahla Bari, Sahzene Yavuz, Alan B Grosbach
Programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) ligand inhibitors have gained popularity in the treatment of advanced non-small-cell lung cancer. The immune system is regulated by stimulatory and inhibitory signaling and aims to achieve the balance between activation and inhibition. Treatment with immune checkpoint inhibitors enhances immune response, but is also known to diminish immune tolerance and increase autoimmune toxicity. Here we present a case of a patient with advanced squamous cell lung cancer who developed type I diabetes and thyroiditis after treatment with PD-1 checkpoint inhibitor nivolumab...
January 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609301/a-light-weight-compact-proton-gantry-design-with-a-novel-dose-delivery-system-for-broad-energetic-laser-accelerated-beams
#12
U Masood, T E Cowan, W Enghardt, K M Hofmann, L Karsch, F Kroll, U Schramm, J J Wilkens, J Pawelke
Proton beams may provide superior dose-conformity in radiation therapy. However, the large sizes and costs limit the widespread use of proton therapy (PT). The recent progress in proton acceleration via high-power laser systems has made it a compelling alternative to conventional accelerators, as it could potentially reduce the overall size and cost of the PT facilities. However, the laser-accelerated beams exhibit different characteristics than conventionally accelerated beams, i.e. very intense proton bunches with large divergences and broad-energy spectra...
July 7, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603552/problem-management-plus-pm-in-the-management-of-common-mental-disorders-in-a-specialized-mental-healthcare-facility-in-pakistan-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Syed Usman Hamdani, Zainab Ahmed, Marit Sijbrandij, Huma Nazir, Aqsa Masood, Parveen Akhtar, Hania Amin, Richard A Bryant, Katie Dawson, Mark van Ommeren, Atif Rahman, Fareed Aslam Minhas
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) has developed Problem Management Plus (PM+), a 5-session, psychological intervention program delivered by trained non-specialist that addresses common mental disorders. The objectives of this study are to evaluate effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of PM+ in a specialized mental health care facility in Pakistan. METHODS: A single blind individual randomized controlled trial (RCT) will be carried out in the outpatient department of a specialized mental healthcare facility in Rawalpindi, Pakistan...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586619/role-of-stretching-exercises-in-the-management-of-constipation-in-spastic-cerebral-palsy
#14
Waqar Ahmed Awan, Tahir Masood
OBJECTIVE: Constipation is considered as one of the most common non-motor manifestations in cerebral palsy (CP). Along with other reasons, spasticity also contributes in developing constipation in CP, by decreasing mobility of trunk and lower extremities and abdominal viscera. Stretching exercises of upper extremities, trunk and lower extremities are routine management of spasticity in CP children. The objective of the study was to determine the role of stretching exercises in improving constipation symptoms in children with spastic cerebral palsy and to explore the association between spasticity and constipation among cerebral palsy children...
October 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586612/comparison-of-bipolar-and-monopolar-cautry-use-in-turp-for-treatment-of-enlarged-prostate
#15
Mushtaq Ahmad, Hazratullah Khan, Aminullah, Iqra Masood, Warda Masood, Asif Malik
OBJECTIVE: In recent years, bipolar Transurethral resection of prostate (TURP) has been increasingly being used by urologist instead of conventional monopolar TURP for the treatment of enlarge prostate. Bipolar TURP is considered to be more efficacious and has better clinical outcome in comparison with monopolar TURP. We compared both procedures to assess their clinical out-comes and efficacy by comparing their different parameters. METHODS: This randomized control trial was conducted in the Institute of Kidney Diseases and Transplant Peshawar over 220 consecutive patients from Sep 2013 to Dec 2014...
October 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584618/prevalence-and-determinants-of-hypertension-among-iranian-adults-birjand-iran
#16
Toba Kazemi, Morteza Hajihosseini, Hamidreza Mashreghimoghadam, Nahid Azdaki, Masood Ziaee
BACKGROUND: Hypertension (HTN) is a major cause of noncommunicable diseases. In this study, we report the prevalence rate of HTN in Birjand population. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 1286 individuals in Birjand in 2014. Individuals with systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥140 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) ≥90 mmHg were considered as hypertensive. Data were analyzed using Chi-square test, independent t-test, and one-way ANOVA. P < 0...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584535/stress-distribution-in-maxillary-first-molar-periodontium-using-straight-pull-headgear-with-vertical-and-horizontal-tubes-a-finite-element-analysis
#17
Masood Feizbakhsh, Mahmoud Kadkhodaei, Dana Zandian, Zahra Hosseinpour
BACKGROUND: One of the most effective ways for distal movement of molars to treat Class II malocclusion is using extraoral force through a headgear device. The purpose of this study was the comparison of stress distribution in maxillary first molar periodontium using straight pull headgear in vertical and horizontal tubes through finite element method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Based on the real geometry model, a basic model of the first molar and maxillary bone was obtained using three-dimensional imaging of the skull...
March 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583701/the-american-academy-of-clinical-toxicology-question-of-the-day
#18
Ryan Surmaitis, Masood Khalid, Rita McKeever, David Vearrier, Michael Greenberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2, 2017: Disease-a-month: DM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582377/is-it-the-end-for-urologic-pelvic-laparoscopic-surgery
#19
Grigorios Athanasiadis, Andreas Bourdoumis, Junaid Masood
AIM: To scrutinize the rapid development of robotic versus traditional laparoscopic technique in pelvic urologic surgery. INTRODUCTION: In the last few decades, advances in research and development have led to tremendous progress in medical diagnostics and treatment of disease. Minimally invasive surgery has moved from experimental to becoming the dominant form of surgical management across the surgical specialties. Laparoscopy is nowadays used widely in abdominal surgery, from simple diagnostic laparoscopy to complex colorectal and gynecologic cancer procedures...
June 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573729/development-of-protein-dietary-fiber-and-micronutrient-enriched-extruded-corn-snacks
#20
Faiz-Ul-Hassan Shah, Mian Kamran Sharif, Masood Sadiq Butt, Muhammad Shahid
The study was aimed to develop protein, dietary fiber, and micronutrient enriched corn snacks through extrusion processing. Corn snacks supplemented with chickpea, defatted soy flour (20-40/100 g) and guar gum (7/100 g) were prepared through extrusion processing. Micronutrients (iron, zinc, iodine, and vitamins A, C, and folic acid) at recommended daily values were added in all formulations. Extruded corn snacks were analyzed for physical, textural, and sensory attributes. Results showed that piece density (0...
June 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
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