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Venu Duddu, Abdulhakim Rhouma, Masood Qureshi, Imran Bashir Chaudhry, Terry Drake, Altaf Sumra, Nusrat Husain
Aims and method The need for an age-appropriate in-patient service for 16- to 17-year-olds led to the development of a 6-bed acute admissions unit in a non-metropolitan county in the UK. We provide a descriptive evaluation of the first 2 years of its operation. All admissions from April 2010 to March 2012 were reviewed, clinical details systematically recorded and descriptively analysed. Results Ninety-seven young people were admitted during this period (a third were compulsorily detained under the Mental Health Act 1983)...
October 2016: BJPsych Bulletin
Asifa Wali, Masood-Ul Hassan Balkhi, Rafia Maqbool, Mohammed Maqbool Darzi, Feroz Ahmad Shah, Farooz Ahmad Bhat, Bilal Ahmad Bhat
The present study was undertaken to determine the incidence of helminth parasites in fishes with special reference to water quality parameters in Dal Lake and River Jhelum and correlate the observations. Water, fish, and parasite samples were collected during different seasons from various sites and processed. Three fish species, namely, Schizothorax niger Heckel 1838, Schizothorax esocinus Heckel 1838, and Schizothorax curvifrons Heckel 1838, were recovered from these water bodies. The physicochemical parameters temperature, dissolved oxygen, pH, and free carbon dioxide showed variation vis-à-vis the season and location of the stations in water bodies...
2016: Journal of Parasitology Research
Bérangère Gohy, Engy Ali, Rafael Van den Bergh, Erin Schillberg, Masood Nasim, Muhammad Mahmood Naimi, Sophia Cheréstal, Pauline Falipou, Eric Weerts, Peter Skelton, Catherine Van Overloop, Miguel Trelles
BACKGROUND: In Afghanistan, Médecins Sans Frontières provided specialised trauma care in Kunduz Trauma Centre (KTC), including physiotherapy. In this study, we describe the development of an adapted functional score for patient outcome monitoring, and document the rehabilitation care provided and patient outcomes in relation to this functional score. METHODS: A descriptive cohort study was done, including all patients admitted in the KTC inpatient department (IPD) between January and June 2015...
October 13, 2016: International Health
Rabia Naz, Faqir Muhammad Anjum, Masood Sadiq Butt, - Mahr-Un-Nisa
Functional and health endorsing benefits of various foods are often attributed to their phytochemistry. The bitter gourd holds potential in improving the health of the individuals owing to its incredible versatility in phytochemistry. However, the efficacy of different parts of bitter gourd needs attention of the researchers. In the current exploration, different parts of bitter gourd were evaluated for their cholesterol lowering potential in cholesterol fed Sprague dawley rats. For the purpose, four types of bitter gourd part i...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Aysha Masood Khan, Nor Kartini Abu Bakar, Ahmad Farid Abu Bakar, Muhammad Aqeel Ashraf
Rare earths (RE), chemically uniform group of elements due to similar physicochemical behavior, are termed as lanthanides. Natural occurrence depends on the geological circumstances and has been of long interest for geologist as tools for further scientific research into the region of ores, rocks, and oceanic water. The review paper mainly focuses to provide scientific literature about rare earth elements (REEs) with potential environmental and health effects in understanding the research. This is the initial review of RE speciation and bioavailability with current initiative toward development needs and research perceptive...
October 10, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Paul D McNaughter, Selina A Saah, Masood Akhtar, Khadijat Abdulwahab, M Azad Malik, James Raftery, Johannes A M Awudza, Paul O'Brien
A series of lead(ii) alkylxanthates, [Pb(S2COR)2] (R = ethyl (1), n-propyl (2), n-butyl (3), n-hexyl (4) or n-octyl (5)) have been prepared and explored as single source precursors for use in melt reactions to form lead sulfide. X-ray single crystal structures of (2), (3) and (4) were used along with previously reported structures to investigate the influence of structure and chain length on the materials produced. The complexes were decomposed at 150, 175 or 200 °C forming PbS nanocrystals as confirmed by XRD and TEM...
October 18, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Sabzar Ahmad Dar, Abdul Rehman Yousuf, Masood-Ul-Hassan Balkhi, Bashir Ahmad Ganai, Mudasir Tantry, Farooz Ahmad Bhat
CONTEXT: Medicinal plants continue to act as a repository for novel drug leads with novel mechanisms of action. Podophyllum hexandrum Royale (Berberideceae) treats diverse conditions in folk medicine. OBJECTIVE: The antimutagenic potential of P. hexandrum was evaluated against endosulfan-induced clastogenicity in a piscine model by cytogenetic endpoints. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Podophyllum hexandrum rhizomes were subjected to successive solvent extraction...
October 8, 2016: Pharmaceutical Biology
Mostafa Behjati-Ardakani, Mohammad Golshan, Sedigheh Akhavan-Karbasi, Seyed-Masood Hosseini, Mohammad-Amin Behjati-Ardakani, Mohammadtaghi Sarebanhassanabadi
BACKGROUND: Atrial septal defect (ASD) is a common congenital heart disease. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the clinical course of ASD, as well as its frequency of spontaneous closure and regression of diameter. METHODS: In a study conducted from 2000 to 2011, 192 consecutive patients with an isolated ASD were followed up regularly with periodic echocardiographic evaluations according to a standardized protocol. The study was conducted in two series of patients: infants and children and adults...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Shahla Masood, Ehab El-Gabry, Chuhua Zhang, Zhiqiang Wang
BACKGROUND: It is documented that in tumor cell lines, the hTERT gene exhibits prominent methylation at a CpG island rich region about -600 bp upstream of the transcription start site, but mixed or allelically absent around ±150 bp region. Given the potential clinical implications of the findings in breast cancer diagnostics, we set out to investigate if such findings are reproducible on primary surgically resected invasive breast carcinomas. METHODS: The cohort consisted of 50 cases of freshly sampled and formalin-fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) invasive breast cancers and normal tissue...
November 2016: Laboratory Medicine
Meysam Behzadifar, Kamran B Lankarani, Shadi Abdi, Masood Taheri Mirghaed, Gholam Beyranvand, Abouzar Keshavarzi, Gholamreza Ghoreishinia, Aziz Rezapour, Masoud Behzadifar
BACKGROUND Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is one of common causes of viral hepatitis worldwide with higher prevalence in tropical and subtropical regions. Although epidemics of HEV have been reported from Iran, there are variable reports of this infection out of epidemics from different parts of Iran. This study aimed to determine the seroprevalence of HEV in Iran. METHODS In this systematic review and meta-analysis we searched PubMed, Scopus, Science direct, Google Scholar, Scientific Information Databank (SID), IranMedex, and Magiran for all relevant studies published in either English or Persian languages, up to 2015...
July 2016: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
Kerrie A Morrison, Aneel Akram, Ashlyn Mathews, Zoeya A Khan, Jaimin H Patel, Chumin Zhou, David John Hardy, Charles Moore-Kelly, Roshani Patel, Victor Odiba, Tim Knowles, Masood-Ul-Hassan Javed, Nikola P Chmel, Timothy R Dafforn, Alice Jane Rothnie
The use of styrene maleic acid (SMA) co-polymers to extract and purify transmembrane proteins, whilst retaining their native bilayer environment, overcomes many of the disadvantages associated with conventional detergent based procedures. This approach has huge potential for the future of membrane protein structural and functional studies. In this investigation we have systematically tested a range of commercially available SMA polymers, varying in both the ratio of styrene to maleic acid and in total size, for the ability to extract, purify and stabilise transmembrane proteins...
September 30, 2016: Biochemical Journal
Musaddique Hussain, Hafiz Muhammad Waqas, Shahid Masood Raza, Umer Farooq, Muhammad Masood Ahmed, Abdul Majeed
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Seeds of Sisymbrium irio Linn has been used traditionally in different regions of Pakistan for the treatment of gastrointestinal, airways and vascular system ailments. To insight the pharmacological basis, in vitro study was conducted in order to validate its folkloric uses. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 70% aqueous-methanolic extract of seeds from S. irio (Si.MEs) was tested on isolated rabbit aorta, jejunum and trachea strip hanged in tissue bath having physiological solutions aerated with carbogen and their responses were measured and recorded via Power Lab...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Masood Ali Shaikh
Domestic violence is a pandemic and estimated to affect one in three women globally, in their lifetime. Marriages within blood relations in Pakistan are common. In this study a secondary analysis of Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey 2012-13 was done to study the prevalence and profile of domestic violence in the context of consanguineous marriages in Pakistan. Almost 65% of women had some kind of blood relationship with their husbands. Women having a blood relationship with husbands were more likely to report having ever been subjected to marital control behaviours, emotional and physical violence by their husbands, compared to ones without such relationship...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Saima Zainab, Masood Kadir
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of physical abuse among domestic child labours and to assess the nutritional status by calculating the Body Mass Index of children involved in domestic labour in Karachi. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted in the squatter settlements of Karachi. Questionnaire based interviews were conducted to capture physical abuse with 385 children who worked as domestic labour in the household of their employer. The ages of the children were between 10 to 14 years belonging to both genders...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Mozaffer Rahim Hingorjo, Sitwat Zehra, Erum Imran, Masood Anwar Qureshi
OBJECTIVE: To explore the usefulness of neck circumference as a supplemental tool for diagnosing metabolic syndrome while identifying its cut-off values. METHODS: This case-control study was conducted at Dr. Essa's Laboratory and Diagnostic Centre, Karachi, from December 2014 to April 2015, and comprised subjects with and without metabolic syndrome aged between 35 and 65 years regardless of their diabetic status. Evaluation was done for metabolic syndrome by measuring anthropometric, clinical and biochemical parameters according to the criteria proposed by the International Diabetes Federation...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Liza Löf, Tonge Ebai, Louise Dubois, Lotta Wik, K Göran Ronquist, Olivia Nolander, Emma Lundin, Ola Söderberg, Ulf Landegren, Masood Kamali-Moghaddam
Flow cytometry is a powerful method for quantitative and qualitative analysis of individual cells. However, flow cytometric analysis of extracellular vesicles (EVs), and the proteins present on their surfaces has been hampered by the small size of the EVs - in particular for the smallest EVs, which can be as little as 40 nm in diameter, the limited number of antigens present, and their low refractive index. We addressed these limitations for detection and characterization of EV by flow cytometry through the use of multiplex and multicolor in situ proximity ligation assays (in situ PLA), allowing each detected EV to be easily recorded over background noise using a conventional flow cytometer...
September 29, 2016: Scientific Reports
Saeideh Najafi, Masood Ghane, Vahdat Poortahmasebi, Seyed Mohammad Jazayeri, Shahrokh Yousefzadeh-Chabok
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic debilitating disease known as one of the most common neurological dysfunctions in young adults. Recent studies suggest that infections with herpesviruses play a critical role in the pathogenesis of MS. OBJECTIVES: The present investigation aimed to detect the presence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) in patients with MS using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) methods. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Plasma and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were collected from MS patients (n = 82) and from blood donors as control group (n = 89)...
July 2016: Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology
Aysha Masood Khan, Ismail Yusoff, Nor Kartini Abu Bakar, Ahmad Farid Abu Bakar, Yatimah Alias
A study was carried out to determine the level of rare earth elements (REEs) in water and sediment samples from ex-mining lakes and River in Kinta Valley, Perak, Malaysia. Surface water and sediments from an ex-mining lake and Kinta River water samples were analyzed for REEs by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. The total concentration of REEs in the ex-mining lake water samples and sediments were found to be 3685 mg/l and 14159 mg/kg, respectively, while the total concentration of REEs in Kinta River water sample was found to be 1224 mg/l...
September 27, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
U Masood, M Baumann, T E Cowan, W Enghardt, T Herrmannsdörfer, L Karsch, F Kroll, U Schramm, M Schürer, J Pawelke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
E Pandya, N Masood, Y Wang, I Krass, B Bajorek
The computerized antithrombotic risk assessment tool (CARAT) is an online decision-support algorithm that facilitates a systematic review of a patient's stroke risk, bleeding risk, and pertinent medication safety considerations, to generate an individualized treatment recommendation. The CARAT was prospectively applied across 2 hospitals in the greater Sydney area. Its impact on antithrombotics utilization for thromboprophylaxis in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation was evaluated. Factors influencing prescribers' treatment selection were identified...
September 26, 2016: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
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