keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

chronic suicidality

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650001/brodalumab-the-first-anti-il-17-receptor-agent-for-psoriasis
#1
L Puig
Psoriasis is a chronic immune-mediated inflammatory skin disease in which the alteration of the interleukin-23 (IL-23)/IL-17 cytokine axis appears to be crucial from a pathogenetic perspective. This has been confirmed by the efficacy of monoclonal antibodies blocking IL-17A, such as secukinumab and ixekizumab. Brodalumab is a human anti-IL-17 receptor A (IL-17RA) monoclonal antibody that inhibits the biological activity of IL-17A, IL-17F and other IL-17 isoforms, and has been approved (210 mg s.c. at weeks 0, 1, 2 and every 2 weeks thereafter) for the treatment of psoriasis vulgaris, psoriatic arthritis, pustular psoriasis and psoriatic erythroderma in Japan (Lumicef)...
May 2017: Drugs of Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645075/a-prospective-follow-up-study-of-younger-and-older-subjects-with-pathological-gambling
#2
Donald W Black, William Coryell, Brett McCormick, Martha Shaw, Jeff Allen
Pathological gambling (PG) is a common and costly public health problem associated with impaired quality of life and high suicide rates. Despite its frequency in the general population, PG course is poorly understood in older adults who are especially vulnerable to its devastating consequences. We enrolled 175 subjects in a longitudinal study of gambling behavior: our case group of 53 older adults with PG (≥ 60 years), and two comparison groups including 72 younger adults with PG (< 40 years) and 50 older adults without PG (≥ 60 years)...
June 13, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645062/acute-and-chronic-alcohol-use-correlated-with-methods-of-suicide-in-a-swiss-national-sample
#3
P Pfeifer, C Bartsch, A Hemmer, T Reisch
OBJECTIVES: Chronic and acute alcohol use are highly associated risk factors for suicides worldwide. Therefore, we examined suicide cases with and without alcohol use disorder (AUD) using data from the SNSF project "Suicide in Switzerland: A detailed national survey". Our investigations focus on correlations between acute and chronic alcohol use with reference to suicide and potential interactions with the methods of suicide. METHODS: We used data from the SNSF project in which all cases of registered completed suicide in Switzerland reported to any of the seven Swiss institutes of legal and forensic medicine between 2000 and 2010 were collected...
June 16, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642720/depressive-symptomatology-among-norwegian-adolescent-boys-and-girls-the-patient-health-questionnaire-9-phq-9-psychometric-properties-and-correlates
#4
Jasmina Burdzovic Andreas, Geir S Brunborg
This study explored the potential contribution of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (DSM-IV)-based Patient Health Questionnaire-9 item (PHQ-9) instrument to the developmental epidemiology research in Norway, by examining depressive symptoms in a school sample of adolescents (N = 846). The average PHQ-9 scores were 6.89 (SD = 5.13) for girls, and 4.57 (SD = 3.98) for boys; 8.5% of girls and 2.6% of boys were classified into the originally proposed categories indicative of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD; PHQ-9 scores ≥ 15)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641374/intergenerational-socioeconomic-mobility-and-adult-depression-the-constances-study
#5
Maria Melchior, Abdelkrim Ziad, Emilie Courtin, Marcel Goldberg, Marie Zins, Judith van der Waerden
Socioeconomic mobility from childhood onwards may predict depression risk in adulthood. Using data from the nationally representative CONSTANCES study in France (2012-2014, n = 67,057), we assessed the relationship between intergenerational socioeconomic mobility and adult depression (Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression scale, > = 16 in men, > = 20 in women) and antidepressant use. Socioeconomic position was ascertained by occupational grade (childhood: maternal and paternal measures prior to age 15 years combined; adult: participant own)...
June 21, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636577/comorbidity-and-suicidality-in-patients-diagnosed-with-panic-disorder-agoraphobia-and-major-depression
#6
Borjanka Batinic, Goran Opacic, Tijana Ignjatov, David S Baldwin
BACKGROUND: Comorbidity of anxiety and depression (both current and lifetime) is associated with greater chronicity and an increased risk of suicidality. We wished to ascertain which symptom clusters had the strongest association with suicidality. Our aims were (1) to examine the presence of current comorbidity and suicidality in patients diagnosed with panic disorder/agoraphobia (PD/A) and major depression (MD), and their relationship with duration of psychiatric treatment and frequency of hospital admission; and (2) to examine which coexisting symptoms were most strongly predictive of suicidality in sub-groups and the overall group...
June 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636486/spirituality-religion-and-suicidality-among-veterans-a-qualitative-study
#7
Jaimie Lusk, Steven K Dobscha, Marek Kopacz, Mary Frances Ritchie, Sarah Ono
OBJECTIVES: This qualitative study explores the relationship between Veterans' spirituality/religion and suicide ideation and attempts. METHODS: Qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted with 30 Veterans who either endorsed chronic suicidal ideation or had made suicide attempt(s). Interviews explored the bi-directional relationship between spirituality/religion (e.g., beliefs, practices and experiences), and suicide ideation and behaviors. Interviews were analyzed using thematic analysis...
June 21, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635417/suicide-attempts-among-individuals-with-specific-learning-disorders-an-underrecognized-issue
#8
Esme Fuller-Thomson, Samara Z Carroll, Wook Yang
Several studies have linked specific learning disorders (SLDs) with suicidal ideation, but less is known about the disorders' association with suicide attempts. This gap in the literature is addressed via the 2012 nationally representative Canadian Community Health Survey ( n = 21,744). The prevalence of lifetime suicide attempts among those with an SLD was much higher than those without (11.1% vs. 2.7%, p < .001). In comparison with their peers without SLDs, adults with SLDs had 46% higher odds of having ever attempted suicide, even after adjusting for most known risk factors (e...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631584/clinical-characterization-of-italian-suicide-attempters-with-bipolar-disorder
#9
Bernardo Dell'Osso, Matteo Vismara, Cristina Dobrea, Laura Cremaschi, Benedetta Grancini, Chiara Arici, Beatrice Benatti, Massimiliano Buoli, Terence A Ketter, A Carlo Altamura
Introduction Bipolar disorder (BD) is a chronic, highly disabling condition associated with psychiatric/medical comorbidity and substantive morbidity, mortality, and suicide risks. In prior reports, varying parameters have been associated with suicide risk. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate sociodemographic and clinical variables characterizing Italian individuals with BD with versus without prior suicide attempt (PSA). METHODS: A sample of 362 Italian patients categorized as BD according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision (DSM IV-TR) was assessed and divided in 2 subgroups: with and without PSA...
June 20, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629352/male-suicide-among-construction-workers-in-australia-a-qualitative-analysis-of-the-major-stressors-precipitating-death
#10
Allison Milner, Humaira Maheen, Dianne Currier, Anthony D LaMontagne
BACKGROUND: Suicide rates among those employed in male-dominated professions such as construction are elevated compared to other occupational groups. Thus far, past research has been mainly quantitative and has been unable to identify the complex range of risk and protective factors that surround these suicides. METHODS: We used a national coronial database to qualitatively study work and non-work related influences on male suicide occurring in construction workers in Australia...
June 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623759/associations-between-suicidal-behavior-and-childhood-abuse-and-neglect-a-meta-analysis
#11
Jianbo Liu, Yumin Fang, Jingbo Gong, Xilong Cui, Tiantian Meng, Bo Xiao, Yuqiong He, Yanmei Shen, Xuerong Luo
BACKGROUND: Relationships of some types of childhood maltreatment and suicidal behavior remain controversial and inconclusive. METHODS: Medline, Embase, PsycINFO and Cochrane library were searched for eligible studies, and the results were synthesized in meta-analyses. RESULTS: childhood maltreatment was associated positively with suicidal behavior in the total population and maltreatment subgroups. Emotional abuse had the strongest effect (OR = 2...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615181/fifteen-minute-consultation-communicating-with-young-people-how-to-use-heeadsss-a-psychosocial-interview-for-adolescents
#12
Montserrat Doukrou, Terry Yvonne Segal
Adolescents undergo a period of biological, social and psychosocial development, and each of these domains impacts each other. Psychosocial areas of concern often emerge over the adolescent period (such as mental health conditions, drug use and risky sexual behaviour); those with chronic illness being at higher risk. The paper aims to guide health practitioners on when and how to approach the psychosocial interview with young people and assess areas of risk or concern. This will include putting them at ease, developing rapport, seeing them alone and explaining confidentiality before commencing the assessment...
June 14, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603908/depression-profile-in-cancer-patients-and-patients-without-a-chronic-somatic-disease
#13
Christoph Nikendei, Valentin Terhoeven, Johannes C Ehrenthal, Imad Maatouk, Beate Wild, Wolfgang Herzog, Hans-Christoph Friederich
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether depressed oncology patients show a specific depressive symptom profile, we compared depression symptoms in depressed cancer patients (CANCER-DEP) and depressed patients without a chronic somatic disease (NONCANCER-DEP). METHODS: Of a total of 2493 outpatients from a comprehensive cancer center and a center for psychosocial medicine, 1054 (42.3%) met the DSM-5 criteria for depression, measured with the patient health questionnaire (PHQ-9)...
June 11, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581025/clinical-characteristics-and-treatment-patterns-among-patients-diagnosed-with-cluster-headache-in-u-s-healthcare-claims-data
#14
Casey K Choong, Janet H Ford, Allen W Nyhuis, Shivang G Joshi, Rebecca L Robinson, Sheena K Aurora, James M Martinez
OBJECTIVE: To characterize demographics, clinical characteristics, and treatment patterns of patients with cluster headache (CH). BACKGROUND: CH is an uncommon trigeminal autonomic cephalalgia with limited evidence-based treatment options. Patients suffer from extremely painful unilateral headache attacks and autonomic symptoms with episodic and chronic cycles. DESIGN/METHODS: This retrospective analysis used insurance claims from Truven Health Analytics MarketScan(®) research databases from 2009 to 2014...
June 5, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580555/-care-of-individuals-with-bipolar-disorders
#15
Pei-Chen Hsu, Hsin-Chi Chen, Mei-Jou Lu, Ru-Band Lu, Ching-Lan Esther Lin
Bipolar disorder (BD) is a severe mental illness that is characterized by chronicity, pervasive instability, and relatively high rates of recurrence and suicide. Current evidence supports that adverse circles among hereditary and genetic factors, neuroinflamation, and social rhythm constitute a crucial etiology. Pharmacological treatment is the first priority for BD patients during the acute stage. Pharmacological and psychosocial treatments should be combined during the maintenance stage in order to help patients self-manage medication, effectively control mood swings, enhance disease self-management and social functions, decrease the risks of relapse and re-hospitalization, and stabilize overall health...
June 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579492/characterizing-the-course-of-non-suicidal-self-injury-a-cognitive-neuroscience-perspective
#16
REVIEW
Richard T Liu
Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) has received increasing recognition as a clinically significant phenomenon. Although in most individuals who engage in NSSI, this behavior is short-lived, for a significant proportion of these individuals, NSSI follows a chronic course. There is a need for research advancing our understanding of the mechanisms of risk for NSSI, and how these mechanisms may change over time to account for the persistence of this behavior. In the current paper, a conceptual framework is proposed for characterizing the processes underlying the transition from initial engagement in NSSI to a chronic trajectory of this behavior...
June 1, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558881/social-anxiety-and-internet-socialization-in-indian-undergraduate-students-an-exploratory-study
#17
Bianca S Honnekeri, Akhil Goel, Maithili Umate, Nilesh Shah, Avinash De Sousa
BACKGROUND: Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) is a globally prevalent, chronic, debilitating psychiatric disorder affecting youth. With comorbidities including major depression, substance abuse, lower educational and work attainment, and increased suicide risk, it has a significant public health burden. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of SAD in urban Indian undergraduate students and to study their Facebook (FB) usage patterns. METHODS: In this exploratory cross-sectional study, 316 undergraduate students were screened for social anxiety using validated instruments, Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS) and Social Phobia Scale (SPS), and divided into two groups based on scores obtained...
June 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557882/general-psychiatric-management-for-suicidal-patients-with-remarks-on-chronicity-contending-with-the-angel-of-death
#18
Joel Yager, Robert E Feinstein
Assessing, managing, and treating suicidal patients, particularly those with chronic suicidality, challenge clinical decision making and emotional self-management in trainees and seasoned practitioners. Educators and trainees have noted needs for additional teaching materials in these areas. This article assists in addressing these gaps. We reviewed diagnostic and phenomenological characteristics encountered in acutely and chronically suicidal patients, their comprehensive assessment, general approaches to management, risk mitigation and safety planning, and psychological and biological interventions...
June 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552365/causes-of-death-up-to-10-years-after-admissions-to-hospitals-for-self-inflicted-drug-related-or-alcohol-related-or-violent-injury-during-adolescence-a-retrospective-nationwide-cohort-study
#19
Annie Herbert, Ruth Gilbert, David Cottrell, Leah Li
BACKGROUND: Emergency hospital admission with adversity-related injury (ie, self-inflicted, drug-related or alcohol-related, or violent injury) affects 4% of 10-19-year-olds. Their risk of death in the decade after hospital discharge is twice as high as that of adolescents admitted to hospitals for accident-related injury. We established how cause of death varied between these groups. METHODS: We did a retrospective, nationwide, cohort study comparing risks of death in five causal groups (suicide, drug-related or alcohol-related, homicide, accidental, and other causes of death) up to 10 years after hospital discharge following adversity-related (self-inflicted, drug-related or alcohol-related, or violent injury) or accident-related (for which there was no recorded adversity) injury...
May 25, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547577/pramipexole-overdose-associated-with-visual-hallucinations-agitation-and-myoclonus
#20
Adeline Cardon-Dunbar, Tom Robertson, Michael S Roberts, Geoffrey K Isbister
INTRODUCTION: Pramipexole is a dopamine D2 receptor agonist used to treat idiopathic Parkinson's disease and primary restless legs syndrome. There is limited information on pramipexole overdose. CASE REPORT: A 59-year-old male ingested 3 mg pramipexole, 2250 mg venlafaxine, 360 mg mirtazapine, with suicidal intent. He presented alert, had normal vital observations and normal pupillary reflexes. He was mildly agitated, reported visual hallucinations and was given 5 mg diazepam...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Medical Toxicology: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Toxicology
keyword
keyword
100433
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"