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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678118/the-relationship-between-pulmonary-function-and-suicidal-ideation-in-korean-adults-a-nationwide-survey
#1
Min-Seok Seo, In Cheol Hwang, Jae-Yong Shim, Hong Yup Ahn, Sewan Kim
Controversy surrounds the association between lung function and mental health in the general population, and previous reported results were confounded by the effect of other chronic illnesses. This study aimed to investigate whether reduced lung function was related to mental health issues, taking into consideration the relevant potential confounders. We used data from the 2008-2013 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey to examine the relationship between lung function and three mental issues (recognized stress, depressive mood, and suicidal ideation) among 22,068 Korean adults...
April 20, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667145/ethical-challenges-faced-by-healthcare-professionals-who-care-for-suicidal-patients-a-scoping-review
#2
Victoria Saigle, Eric Racine
For each one of the approximately 800,000 people who die from suicide every year, an additional twenty people attempt suicide. Many of these attempts result in hospitalization or in contact with other healthcare services. However, many personal, educational, and institutional barriers make it difficult for healthcare professionals to care for suicidal individuals. We reviewed literature that discusses suicidal patients in healthcare settings in order to highlight common ethical issues and to identify knowledge gaps...
April 17, 2018: Monash Bioethics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657697/characterizing-mortality-from-substance-abuse-in-iran-an-epidemiological-study-during-march-2014-to-february-2015
#3
Fatemeh Shahbazi, Seyed Davood Mirtorabi, Mohammad Reza Ghadirzadeh, Seyed Saeed Hashemi-Nazari, Abdolrazagh Barzegar
Background: Drug abuse is a severe and chronic disorder that leaves morbidity, disability and premature mortality in the society. The study of death due to substance abuse provides useful information for local, national and international administrators. Thus, by identifying the factors that have an impact on overdose-related mortality we can provide suitable intervention for vulnerable groups. The aim of this study was an investigation of mortality rate caused by consumption of narcotic and psychoactive substances in Iran...
July 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624539/tinnitus-depression-anxiety-and-suicide-in-recent-veterans-a-retrospective-analysis
#4
Erin Martz, Chennettée Jelleberg, Deborah D Dougherty, Charles Wolters, Aaron Schneiderman
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this project was to investigate whether there is an association between tinnitus diagnosis and suicide and whether depression and anxiety strengthen that association. Given that tinnitus is the top service-connected disability among U.S. Veterans (Veterans Benefits Administration, 2016) and that suicide among Veterans has been occurring at a higher frequency as compared with community suicide rates (Hoffmire et al., 2015), the possible associations between tinnitus and suicide will be explored...
April 5, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622502/chronic-pain-medication-management-of-older-populations-key-points-from-a-national-conference-and-innovative-opportunities-for-pharmacy-practice
#5
Julia Fiona-Maree Gilmartin-Thomas, J Simon Bell, Danny Liew, Carolyn A Arnold, Rachelle Buchbinder, Colin Chapman, Flavia Cicuttini, Malcolm Dobbin, Stephen J Gibson, Melita J Giummarra, Jenny Gowan, Benny Katz, Dan L Lubman, Matthew McCrone, Jennifer Pilgrim, Anneliese Synnot, Eleanor van Dyk, Barbara Workman, John McNeil
OBJECTIVE: Inappropriate use of pain medication has serious consequences for older populations. Experts in the field have noted an increase in opioid prescriptions, and opioid-related hospitalisations and deaths among this vulnerable population. In the pursuit of educating pharmacists, physicians, allied healthcare professionals, researchers, academics and the public facing the challenges of chronic pain medication management, 'The Inaugural Monash University School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine (SPHPM) Best Practice in Chronic Pain Medication Management Day Conference' was held in December 2016 at the Alfred Medical Research and Education Precinct (Melbourne, Australia)...
March 19, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620623/suicidal-hanging-donors-for-lung-transplantation-is-this-chapter-still-closed-midterm-experience-from-a-single-center-in-united-kingdom
#6
Olga Ananiadou, Bastian Schmack, Bartlomiej Zych, Anton Sabashnikov, Diana Garcia-Saez, Prashant Mohite, Alexander Weymann, Ashham Mansur, Mohamed Zeriouh, Nandor Marczin, Fabio De Robertis, Andre Rüdiger Simon, Aron-Frederik Popov
In the context of limited donor pool in cardiothoracic transplantation, utilization of organs from high risk donors, such as suicidal hanging donors, while ensuring safety, is under consideration. We sought to evaluate the outcomes of lung transplantations (LTx) that use organs from this group.Between January 2011 and December 2015, 265 LTx were performed at our center. Twenty-two recipients received lungs from donors after suicidal hanging (group 1). The remaining 243 transplantations were used as a control (group 2)...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619533/the-effects-of-cannabidiol-cbd-on-cognition-and-symptoms-in-outpatients-with-chronic-schizophrenia-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#7
Douglas L Boggs, Toral Surti, Aarti Gupta, Swapnil Gupta, Mark Niciu, Brian Pittman, Ashley M Schnakenberg Martin, Halle Thurnauer, Andrew Davies, Deepak C D'Souza, Mohini Ranganathan
RATIONALE: Preliminary evidence suggests that cannabidiol (CBD) may be effective in the treatment of neurodegenerative disorders; however, CBD has never been evaluated for the treatment of cognitive impairments associated with schizophrenia (CIAS). OBJECTIVE: This study compared the cognitive, symptomatic, and side effects of CBD versus placebo in a clinical trial. METHODS: This study was a 6-week, randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel group, fixed-dose study of oral CBD (600 mg/day) or placebo augmentation in 36 stable antipsychotic-treated patients diagnosed with chronic schizophrenia...
April 5, 2018: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604504/consequences-of-parental-burnout-its-specific-effect-on-child-neglect-and-violence
#8
Moïra Mikolajczak, Maria Elena Brianda, Hervé Avalosse, Isabelle Roskam
Parental burnout is a specific syndrome resulting from enduring exposure to chronic parenting stress. It encompasses three dimensions: an overwhelming exhaustion related to one's parental role, an emotional distancing from one's children and a sense of ineffectiveness in one's parental role. This study aims to facilitate further identification of the consequences of parental burnout for the parents themselves, their spouses and their child(ren). In a sample of 1551 parents, we examined the relationship between parental burnout and seven possible consequences: escapism and suicidal thoughts, addictions, sleep disorders, marital conflicts, a partner estrangement mindset, and neglect and violence towards one's child(ren)...
March 28, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602331/the-association-of-omega-3-fatty-acid-levels-with-personality-and-cognitive-reactivity
#9
Carisha S Thesing, Mariska Bot, Yuri Milaneschi, Erik J Giltay, Brenda W J H Penninx
OBJECTIVE: Low omega (n)-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) levels have been found in patients with various major psychiatric disorders. This study aims to identify whether psychological vulnerabilities (personality and cognitive reactivity) underlying these psychiatric conditions are also associated with n-3 PUFA blood levels. METHODS: Data was used from 2912 subjects (mean age 41.9 years, 66.4% female) from the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety (NESDA)...
May 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593580/self-reported-visual-perceptual-abnormalities-are-strongly-associated-with-core-clinical-features-in-psychotic-disorders
#10
Brian P Keane, Lisa N Cruz, Danielle Paterno, Steven M Silverstein
Background: Past studies using the Bonn Scale for the Assessment of Basic Symptoms (hereafter, Bonn Scale) have shown that self-reported perceptual/cognitive disturbances reveal which persons have or will soon develop schizophrenia. Here, we focused specifically on the clinical value of self-reported visual perceptual abnormalities (VPAs) since they are underexplored and have been associated with suicidal ideation, negative symptoms, and objective visual dysfunction. Method: Using the 17 Bonn Scale vision items, we cross-sectionally investigated lifetime occurrence of VPAs in 21 first-episode psychosis and 22 chronic schizophrenia/schizoaffective disorder (SZ/SA) patients...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590281/association-of-childhood-irritability-and-depressive-anxious-mood-profiles-with-adolescent-suicidal-ideation-and-attempts
#11
Massimiliano Orri, Cedric Galera, Gustavo Turecki, Alberto Forte, Johanne Renaud, Michel Boivin, Richard E Tremblay, Sylvana M Côté, Marie-Claude Geoffroy
Importance: Suicidal ideation and suicide attempt (suicidality) are common in adolescence and a public health concern. Childhood depression is a key risk factor for later suicidality and often co-occurs with irritability. No study to date has examined the joint association of depressive mood and irritability during childhood with later suicidality. Objective: To investigate the association of childhood irritability and depressive/anxious mood profiles with adolescent suicidality...
March 28, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584869/the-health-of-america-s-aging-prison-population
#12
Kimberly A Skarupski, Alden Gross, Jennifer A Schrack, Jennifer A Deal, Gabriel B Eber
Older incarcerated individuals comprise the fastest growing demographic in the US prison system. Unhealthy lifestyles among incarcerated individuals and inadequate health care lead to earlier onset and more rapid progression of many chronic conditions that are prevalent among community-living older adults. There are limited peer-reviewed epidemiologic data in this area; however, there is growing interest in identifying strategies for housing aging incarcerated individuals, delivering appropriate health care in prisons, and coordinating after-release health care...
March 23, 2018: Epidemiologic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580906/post-traumatic-psychiatric-disorders-ptsd-is-not-the-only-diagnosis
#13
Yann Auxéméry
Traumatic events and their consequences are often hidden or minimised by patients for reasons linked to the post-traumatic stress disorder itself (inexpressibility, shame, depressive thoughts, fear of stigmatisation, etc.). Although post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) remains the most widely known disorder, chronic post-traumatic psychiatric disorders are many and varied. After a trauma, the practitioner has to check for the different clinical forms of post-traumatic psychological consequences: PTSD is not the only diagnosis...
March 23, 2018: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578246/psychological-impairment-as-a-predictor-of-suicide-ideation-in-individuals-with-anorexia-nervosa
#14
Lindsay P Bodell, Yu Cheng, Jennifer E Wildes
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is an eating disorder characterized by severe food restriction resulting in low body weight and an intense fear of gaining weight. This disorder has one of the highest suicide rates of any psychiatric illness; however, few studies have investigated prospective predictors of suicide ideation (SI) in this population. Quality-of-life impairment may be particularly relevant for understanding suicide risk in AN, given associations with SI in other psychiatric disorders and associations with chronicity and severity in AN...
March 26, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564603/neurological-diseases-and-risk-of-suicide-attempt-a-case-control-study
#15
Astrid Eliasen, Kim Peder Dalhoff, Henrik Horwitz
INTRODUCTION: Neurological diseases have a profound impact on quality of life. We investigated the risk of suicide attempt in ten neurological diseases. METHODS: Case-control study. Cases were identified from the Danish Poison Information Centre database in the period 2006-2013. The prevalence of ten neurological diagnoses was compared with the prevalence in a randomly sampled age- and gender-matched control group. RESULTS: We identified 8974 cases of suicidal attempt and 89,740 controls...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560840/older-women-who-died-by-suicide-suicide-means-sociodemographic-and-psychiatric-risk-factors-and-other-precipitating-circumstances
#16
Namkee G Choi, Diana M DiNitto, Atami O Sagna, C Nathan Marti
BACKGROUND: US suicide rates among older women have substantially increased over the past decade. We examined potential differences in sociodemographic and risk/precipitating factors among older female suicide decedents who died by drug overdose versus firearms, hanging/suffocation, and other means, and postmortem toxicology results by suicide means. METHODS: Data are from the 2005 to 2015 US National Violent Death Reporting System (N = 12,401 female decedents aged 50 years and over)...
March 21, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557209/chronic-pain-management-with-ziconotide-induces-suicidal-and-homicidal-ideations
#17
Joshana K Goga, Aris Keshishian, Dennis Kutzer, J Ken Walters
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536529/cluster-headache-clinical-phenotypes-tobacco-nonexposed-never-smoker-and-no-parental-secondary-smoke-exposure-as-a-child-versus-tobacco-exposed-results-from-the-united-states-cluster-headache-survey
#18
Todd D Rozen
OBJECTIVE: To present results from the United States Cluster Headache Survey comparing the clinical presentation of tobacco nonexposed and tobacco-exposed cluster headache patients. BACKGROUND: Cluster headache is uniquely tied to a personal history of tobacco usage/cigarette smoking and, if the individual cluster headache sufferer did not smoke, it has been shown that their parent(s) typically did and that individual had significant secondary smoke exposure as a child...
March 14, 2018: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533096/chronic-traumatic-encephalopathy-in-sports-a-historical-and-narrative-review
#19
Gary Solomon
My objectives are to review: 1) a brief history of sport-related concussion (SRC) and chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), 2) the evolution of CTE in American professional football, 3) the data regarding SRC/CTE as they relate to depression and suicide, 4) the data on the neurocognitive effects of subconcussion/repetitive head trauma (with emphases on heading the ball in soccer and early exposure to football), 5) the evidence related to SRC and neurodegenerative diseases, 6) the published studies of CTE, 7) the NINDS neuropathological criteria for CTE, 8) public beliefs about SRC/CTE, and 9) the scientific questions regarding CTE...
March 13, 2018: Developmental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526669/chronic-pain-tbi-and-ptsd-in-military-veterans-a-link-to-suicidal-ideation-and-violent-impulses
#20
Shannon M Blakey, H Ryan Wagner, Jennifer Naylor, Mira Brancu, Ilana Lane, Meghann Sallee, Nathan A Kimbrel, Eric B Elbogen
The polytrauma clinical triad refers to the co-occurrence of chronic pain, traumatic brain injury (TBI), and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Despite research implicating dyadic relationships between these conditions and adverse outcomes, scant research has examined the polytrauma clinical triad's relation to suicide or violence. The present cross-sectional study was designed to examine whether this complex clinical presentation increases risk of suicidal ideation and violent impulses after accounting for other established risk factors...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
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