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hiv aids optic neuritis

Angelina Espino Barros Palau, Michael L Morgan, Rod Foroozan, Andrew G Lee
OBJECTIVE: To illustrate three different ophthalmic presentations of cryptococcal meningitis (CM). INTRODUCTION: CM is the most common manifestation of extra-pulmonary cryptococcosis. Intracranial hypertension occurs in up to 75% of patients with CM and is associated with increased mortality. CM can present to the ophthalmologist as vision loss, papilledema, abducens palsy, and/or other cranial neuropathies. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: We report three cases, two C...
October 2014: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
Selim Jennane, El Mehdi Mahtat, Johanna Konopacki, Vincent Foissaud, Bertrand Souleau, Jean Valère Malfuson, Thierry De Revel
The significance of Epstein-Barr virus detection in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with Burkitt lymphoma is poorly studied. We report the case of a patient with immunodeficiency associated Burkitt lymphoma in complete remission who presented 5 months after the end of treatment, an isolated optic neuritis. Lumbar puncture found lymphocytic meningitis and the viral load of Epstein-Barr virus was 234,000 copies per milliliter in the cerebrospinal fluid. These symptoms could be explained by Epstein-Barr virus meningoencephalitis but the detection of MYC rearrangements in the cerebrospinal fluid confirms the diagnosis of Burkitt lymphoma cerebral relapse...
May 2013: Annales de Biologie Clinique
Anapatricia García, Nagadenahalli B Siddappa, Qingsheng Li, Ashley T Haase, Katherine Paul, Fawn Stroud, Xiaodong Zhang, Jack A Fountain, François Villinger, Francis J Novembre, James G Else, W Evan Secor, Ruth M Ruprecht
A Chinese rhesus macaque infected with the pathogenic CCR5-tropic clade C simian-human immunodeficiency virus, SHIV-1157ipd3N4, had persistent viremia, depletion of CD4(+) T cells to <200 cells/μl, opportunistic infections, coagulopathy, and gradual development of bilateral blindness. MRI revealed marked thickening of both optic nerves. Histopathological evaluation showed diffuse cellular infiltration at necropsy and a focus of SHIV-infected cells. This is the first report of CNS pathology following chronic infection with an obligate R5 SHIV...
October 2010: Journal of Medical Primatology
Joseph R Berger, Dominic B Fee, Peter Nelson, Gerald Nuovo
Both Coxsackie infection and multiple sclerosis (MS) are rare in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. We report a 35-year-old woman with known HIV infection of 12 years' duration and a clinical illness of 4 years' duration consistent with MS. The latter was characterized by optic neuritis, bilateral abducens palsies, recurrent Bell's palsy, hemiparesis, and ataxia coupled with white matter abnormalities on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Autopsy revealed Coxsackie B meningoencephalitis; no other infectious disease were detected and no histopathological features of MS were evident...
May 2009: Journal of Neurovirology
Klaus Kallenbach, Jette Lautrup Frederiksen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2008: Acta Ophthalmologica
Emina Alimanović-Halilović, Mirsad Ibisević
This case is about a unilateral retrobulbar optic neuritis, as rare and first sing of HIV infection. A young woman had came at Eye Clinic because suddenly she lost her sight on the right eye completely. At the visual field, we found anopsia, but at the stereoscopic fundus examination the situation was almost normal. After complete clinical examination we conclude that she is immunodeficiency person, HIV-positive, with clinical manifestation retrobulbar neuritis and with skin manifestation varicella zoster infection in region of the left arm...
2007: Medicinski Arhiv
Medhat S T Basta, K Nathan Sankar, Margaret Dayan
Perioptic neuritis caused by secondary syphilis is a rare ophthalmic manifestation in the HIV-infected host. Early diagnosis and treatment of this condition is required to prevent further visual damage. We report a case of unilateral syphilitic perioptic neuritis in a patient coinfected with HIV-1.
June 2007: Sexually Transmitted Infections
Frédéric Méchaï, David Boutolleau, Véronique Manceron, Jacques Gasnault, Yann Quertainmont, Jean-Paul Brosseau, Jean-François Delfraissy, Marc Labetoulle, Cécile Goujard
Like other herpesviruses, human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) can reactivate in immunocompromised patients. A case is described of an HIV-1-infected patient who developed bilateral retrobulbar optic neuritis associated with HHV-6 infection. A 59-year-old woman, infected with HIV for 18 years, interrupted antiretroviral treatment because of therapeutic failure and severe metabolic complications. She presented subsequently with blurred vision and ophthalmological examination showed visual loss due to optic neuritis. Her CD4+ count was 285 cells/mm(3) and her plasma HIV-1 RNA level was 5...
July 2007: Journal of Medical Virology
Joe Zhaoping Liu, Patricia Brown, Alex Tselis
Unilateral retrobulbar optic neuritis developed in a 43-year-old man with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). This was secondary to varicella zoster virus (VZV) as confirmed by cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) polymerase chain reaction (PCR) detection of VZV in the cerebrospinal fluid. There was no typical cutaneous infection and no evidence of retinitis. The onset of unexplained visual loss due to optic neuritis in HIV positive individuals may be due to VZV infection. Prompt recognition, and early intervention with antiVZV therapy may preserve vision...
October 15, 2005: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Robert J Bert, Ranji Samawareerwa, Elias R Melhem
INTRODUCTION: This report demonstrates the spectrum of central nervous system (CNS) abnormalities observed on MR imaging and CT studies in 6 patients with clinical or pathologic diagnoses of acute retinal necrosis (ARN) and retrobulbar optic neuritis (RBON-H) resulting from Herpes Zoster Virus and Cytomegalovirus. We discuss the etiologic and pathophysiologic implications regarding these findings. METHODS: Standard MR imaging sequences of the whole brain and selected high-resolution images of the orbits and globes, from 6 patients, were reviewed by three neuroradiologists for consensus interpretation of the findings...
November 2004: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
A C Wadood, B Dhillon, G McIlwaine, R P Brettle
The introduction of potent antiretroviral drug combinations has transformed human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency disease syndrome (HIV/AIDS) from an intractable and rapidly fatal disease to a chronic manageable illness with prolonged life survival for many patients. This paper discusses the ophthalmic and medical histories of two young female patients who presented with 'atypical' optic neuropathy and toxoplasma gondii retinochoroiditis and were later found to be HIV infected. We discuss the need for increased vigilance in the ophthalmic community for suspecting HIV infection to allow optimal management of the ophthalmic and systemic manifestations of the disease spectrum associated with HIV/AIDS...
March 2004: Eye
Matthew S Benz, Joel S Glaser, Janet L Davis
PURPOSE: To report two cases of progressive outer retinal necrosis occurring in immunocompetent individuals after treatment with corticosteroids for presumed optic neuropathy. DESIGN: Observational case report. SETTING: University-based tertiary eye hospital. METHODS: Retrospective review of existing clinical records. RESULTS: Two patients were treated empirically with systemic corticosteroids for suspected inflammatory papillopathy...
April 2003: American Journal of Ophthalmology
Carlos Franco-Paredes, Thomas Bellehemeur, Ali Merchant, Pramod Sanghi, Carlos DiazGranados, David Rimland
Varicella-Zoster Virus (VZV) is the second most common ocular pathogen in patients with HIV infection. VZV retinitis is estimated to occur in 0.6% of patients with HIV infection and may occur in one of two clinical syndromes. The first is the acute retinal necrosis syndrome, which also may be seen in immunocompetent hosts. The second clinical syndrome occurs in patients with CD4 cell counts typically < 50 x 10(6)/l and is termed progressive outer retinal necrosis. VZV retinitis has been reported to occur simultaneously with other VZV central nervous system manifestations such as encephalitis and myelitis in HIV-infected patients...
May 3, 2002: AIDS
D Batisse, M Eliaszewicz, L Zazoun, M Baudrimont, G Pialoux, B Dupont
OBJECTIVE: To report 26 cases of acute retinal necrosis (ARN) in HIV-infected patients, to compare these data with the literature and to discuss the clinical spectrum of ARN during HIV infection. DESIGN AND SETTING: Twenty-six HIV-infected patients with ARN, collected from five ophthalmology departments in Paris (France) between 1985 and 1993, were analysed retrospectively. PATIENTS: Twenty-eight patients were enrolled; two were lost of follow-up...
January 1996: AIDS
A Shayegani, J G Odel, M Kazim, L S Hall, N Bamford, H Schubert
PURPOSE: To determine the cause of bilateral retrobulbar optic neuritis followed by progressive outer retinal necrosis in a patient with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). METHODS: Extensive ophthalmologic, neurologic, infectious disease, rheumatologic, and radiologic examinations were performed. RESULTS: Cerebrospinal fluid samples taken after the onset of bilateral retrobulbar optic neuritis and before the development of clinical progressive outer retinal necrosis disclosed varicella-zoster virus from polymerase chain reaction and viral culture...
October 1996: American Journal of Ophthalmology
J W Kronish, T E Johnson, S M Gilberg, G F Corrent, W M McLeish, K R Scott
BACKGROUND: Opportunistic infections frequently involve the anterior and posterior segments of the eye but rarely occur in the orbit in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. The authors managed eight patients with HIV and unilateral orbital infections who presented between July 1988 and March 1995. METHODS: Records of the patients were reviewed. A literature review of orbital infections in patients infected with HIV also was conducted. RESULTS: There were five men and three women, with a mean age of 33...
September 1996: Ophthalmology
P M Falcone, C Notis, K Merhige
Toxoplasmic retinochoroiditis has been reported as the initial manifestation of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Two authors have described two patients with AIDS and toxoplasmic papillitis. We report the case of a patient with a papillitis of unknown origin in whom the workup found systemic toxoplasmosis and subsequent positive human immunodeficiency virus status. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of toxoplasmic papillitis as the initial manifestation of AIDS.
February 1993: Annals of Ophthalmology
A M Mansour, N H Ansari, C E Egwuagu, H G Kaspar, M K Harmon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1993: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
L L Hansen, I Wiecha, H Witschel
The authors report on two patients who presented with sudden loss of vision, due to irodocyclitis and retinochoroiditis in one patient and optic neuritis in the other. AIDS was diagnosed in both patients on the basis of a positive HIV antibody assay, lymphopenia, and a reduced helper-to-suppressor subset ratio. Soon afterwards, the patient with retinochoroiditis developed the full-blown picture of AIDS with cerebral involvement. Neither anticytomegaly treatment with DHPG nor triple therapy for toxoplasmosis was able to prevent the fatal course...
August 1987: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
W M McLeish, J S Pulido, S Holland, W W Culbertson, K Winward
Nine patients with active ocular or optic nerve involvement by syphilis who also had concurrent human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) infection are described. The ocular manifestations of syphilis led to the discovery of HIV-1 seropositivity in four of nine cases. Fifteen eyes were affected. Ocular manifestations were: iridocyclitis in three eyes, vitreitis in one eye, retinitis or neuroretinitis in five eyes, papillitis in two eyes, optic perineuritis in two eyes, and retrobulbar optic neuritis in two eyes...
February 1990: Ophthalmology
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