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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749254/individualised-training-at-different-intensities-in-untrained-participants-results-in-similar-physiological-and-performance-benefits
#1
Sarah L Coakley, Louis Passfield
This study compared effects of training at moderate, high, or a combination of the two intensities (mixed) on performance and physiological adaptations, when training durations were individualised. Untrained participants (n = 34) were assigned to a moderate, high, or mixed group. Maximal oxygen uptake (V̇O2max), power output at V̇O2max (MAP), time-to-exhaustion and gross efficiency were recorded before and after four weeks of cycling training (four times per week). The moderate group cycled at 60% MAP in blocks of 5 min with 1 min recovery, and training duration was individualised to 100% of pre-training time-to-exhaustion...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748311/advantages-of-melodic-over-rhythmic-movement-sonification-in-bimanual-motor-skill-learning
#2
J F Dyer, P Stapleton, M W M Rodger
An important question for skill acquisition is whether and how augmented feedback can be designed to improve the learning of complex skills. Auditory information triggered by learners' actions, movement sonification, can enhance learning of a complex bimanual coordination skill, specifically polyrhythmic bimanual shape tracing. However, it is not clear whether the coordination of polyrhythmic sequenced movements is enhanced by auditory-specified timing information alone or whether more complex sound mappings, such as melodic sonification, are necessary...
July 26, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747930/parental-involvement-and-child-and-adolescent-eating-disorders-perspectives-from-residents-in-psychiatry-pediatrics-and-family-medicine
#3
Tamara Davidson Marcon, Laura Girz, Amanda Stillar, Carole Tessier, Adele Lafrance
OBJECTIVES: Best practice guidelines encourage the involvement of parents in the assessment and treatment of child/adolescent eating disorders (ED). This study investigated medical residents' perspectives regarding parental involvement as well as their expectations for future practice in the assessment and treatment of ED. METHOD: Five hundred and eighty-four medical residents from 17 Canadian residency programs specializing in family medicine, pediatrics, and psychiatry completed a web-based survey...
July 2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747875/effects-of-high-definition-anodal-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-applied-simultaneously-to-both-primary-motor-cortices-on-bimanual-sensorimotor-performance
#4
Nils H Pixa, Fabian Steinberg, Michael Doppelmayr
Many daily activities, such as tying one's shoe laces, opening a jar of jam or performing a free throw in basketball, require the skillful coordinated use of both hands. Even though the non-invasive method of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has been repeatedly shown to improve unimanual motor performance, little is known about its effects on bimanual motor performance. More knowledge about how tDCS may improve bimanual behavior would be relevant to motor recovery, e.g., in persons with bilateral impairment of hand function...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747269/high-intensity-interval-training-and-cardiac-autonomic-control-in-individuals-with-metabolic-syndrome-a-randomised-trial
#5
Joyce S Ramos, Lance C Dalleck, Fabio Borrani, Kassia S Beetham, Gregore Iven Mielke, Katrin A Dias, Matthew P Wallen, Shelley E Keating, Robert G Fassett, Jeff S Coombes
BACKGROUND: Insulin resistance has been postulated to play a central role in the co-appearance of various cardiovascular disease risk factors constituting the metabolic syndrome (MetS). There is evidence that altered cardiac autonomic function (CAF) may precede the onset of insulin resistance. Exercise training has been shown to improve CAF in different populations, yet little is known regarding the exercise dose response for CAF. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of different volumes of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and traditional moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) on CAF in participants with MetS...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746572/effect-of-the-exercise-of-walkers-performed-in-public-squares-with-spontaneous-or-prescribed-intensity-on-post-exercise-hypotension
#6
Taís Feitosa da Silva, Alesandra Araújo de Souza, Fabiano Ferreira de Lima, Jennifer Ariely Sales Suassuna, Henrique Eduardo Paiva Lira do Couto, Gustavo Roque Tenório, Maria Irene de Andrade Gomes Silva, Guilherme Leandebal Bonifácio Dias, Alexandre Sérgio Silva
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the intensity adopted by walkers in public squares and check the occurrence and magnitude of post-exercise hypotension in the spontaneously adopted intensity and in a prescribed intensity. METHODS: In 98 volunteers (38 of them being hypertensive), walkers in public squares of the city of João Pessoa, State of Paraíba, Brazil, we have identified the intensity of a usual training monitored by heart rate and we have investigated the occurrence and magnitude of post-exercise hypotension...
July 20, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746245/the-physical-and-physiological-demands-of-elite-international-female-field-hockey-players-during-competitive-match-play
#7
Aideen McGuinness, Shane Malone, George Petrakos, Kieran Collins
The aim of the current investigation was to quantify the physical and physiological demands of elite international female field hockey match-play across halves of play. Thirty-eight participants (24 ± 5 years; 173 ± 5 cm; 72 ± 5 kg) took part in nineteen competitive matches during the 2014 - 2015 season. Participants were monitored with GPS technology and heart rate monitors. Players were categorized based on three different playing positions. Activity was categorized into total (m), high-speed running distance (m; >16 km·h) and relative distance (m·min) due to the use of rolling substitutions...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745921/recovery-based-training-in-mental-health-effects-on-staff-knowledge-and-attitudes-to-recovery
#8
Francis Patrick Walsh, Pauline Meskell, Emer Burke, Maura Dowling
This longitudinal study describes the effects of recovery-based training on staff knowledge and attitudes to recovery. Mental health staff (n = 101) completed the study questionnaire (the Recovery Knowledge Inventory (RKI-20) and Recovery Attitudes' Questionnaire (RAQ-16)) before training and after six months. On the RKI, significant changes between pre- and post-training scores (p < 0.01) were found. On the RAQ, the scores showed significant changes in Factors 1 (p < 0.001) and 2 (p < 0.009). The results indicate a significant difference in confidence using a recovery model of care following training suggesting that recovery-based training positively affects staff knowledge and attitudes to recovery overall...
July 26, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742441/principles-of-care-for-women-experiencing-intimate-partner-violence-views-of-expert-japanese-health-professionals-and-advocates
#9
Maki Umeda, Yaeko Kataoka, Elizabeth Miller
In Japan, interventions for Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) in the health care setting are rare, partly due to Japanese cultural norms that marginalize women's IPV experiences. A thematic analysis of narratives of eight Japanese health professionals who are experts in IPV care identified shared core values and practices that have guided their development of culturally relevant IPV interventions: supporting women's autonomy to define what is at stake for her, appreciating unique trajectories and timing for recovery, and practicing shared decision making...
July 25, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737670/motor-control-training-for-the-shoulder-with-smart-garments
#10
Qi Wang, Liesbet De Baets, Annick Timmermans, Wei Chen, Luca Giacolini, Thomas Matheve, Panos Markopoulos
Wearable technologies for posture monitoring and posture correction are emerging as a way to support and enhance physical therapy treatment, e.g., for motor control training in neurological disorders or for treating musculoskeletal disorders, such as shoulder, neck, or lower back pain. Among the various technological options for posture monitoring, wearable systems offer potential advantages regarding mobility, use in different contexts and sustained tracking in daily life. We describe the design of a smart garment named Zishi to monitor compensatory movements and evaluate its applicability for shoulder motor control training in a clinical setting...
July 22, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737585/biomarkers-in-sports-and-exercise-tracking-health-performance-and-recovery-in-athletes
#11
Elaine C Lee, Maren S Fragala, Stavros A Kavouras, Robin M Queen, J Luke Pryor, Douglas J Casa
Biomarker discovery and validation is a critical aim of the medical and scientific community. Research into exercise and diet-related biomarkers aims to improve health, performance, and recovery in military personnel, athletes, and lay-persons. Exercise physiology research has identified individual biomarkers for assessing health, performance, and recovery during exercise training. However, there are few recommendations for biomarker panels for tracking changes in individuals participating in physical activity and exercise training programs...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737464/acute-glycemic-and-pressure-responses-of-continuous-and-interval-aerobic-exercise-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#12
Éder Santiago, Rodrigo Sudatti Delevatti, Cláudia Gomes Bracht, Nathalie Netto, Salime Chedid Lisboa, Alexandra Ferreira Vieira, Rochelle Rocha Costa, Alexandra Hübner, Marco Antônio Fossati, Luiz Fernando Martins Kruel
BACKGROUND: Aerobic training has been widely indicated to patients with type 2 diabetes. However, there are still few studies comparing acute glycemic and blood pressure effects of different methods of aerobic training. The aim is to compare glycemic and pressure acute responses of continuous aerobic exercise to interval aerobic exercise in patients with type 2 diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study is a randomized, crossover clinical trial. Fourteen patients with type 2 diabetes performed two sessions of aerobic training with different methods (continuous and interval)...
July 24, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737452/memory-rehabilitation-for-the-working-memory-of-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-ms
#13
Shokoufeh Mousavi, Hossein Zare, Masoud Etemadifar, Hamid Taher Neshatdoost
OBJECTIVE: The main cognitive impairments in multiple sclerosis (MS) affect the working memory, processing speed, and performances that are in close interaction with one another. Cognitive problems in MS are influenced to a lesser degree by disease recovery medications or treatments,but cognitive rehabilitation is considered one of the promising methods for cure. There is evidence regarding the effectiveness of cognitive rehabilitation for MS patients in various stages of the disease...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729058/impacts-of-sensation-perception-and-motor-abilities-of-the-ipsilesional-upper-limb-on-hand-functions-in-unilateral-stroke-quantifications-from-biomechanical-and-functional-perspectives
#14
Hsiu-Yun Hsu, Chia-Wen Ke, Ta-Shen Kuan, Hsiu-Ching Yang, Ching-Liang Tsai, Li-Chieh Kuo
BACKGROUND: The presence of subtle losses in hand dexterity after stroke impacts the regaining of independence with regard to activities of daily living. Therefore, awareness of ipsilesional upper extremity (UE) function may be of importance when drafting a comprehensive rehabilitation program. However, current hand function tests seem to be unable to identify asymptomatic UE impairments. OBJECTIVES: To assess the motor coordination as well as the sensory-perception of an ipsilesional UE using biomechanical analysis of performance-oriented tasks and conducting a Manual Tactile Test (MTT)...
July 17, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726706/cost-assessment-of-different-routes-for-phosphorus-recovery-from-wastewater-using-data-from-pilot-and-production-plants
#15
A Nättorp, K Remmen, C Remy
Phosphorus (P) recovery from wastewater has considerable potential to supplement limited fossil P reserves. Reliable cost data are essential for investor and policymaker decisions. In this study, investment and operational costs for nine P recovery processes were calculated from the investor's perspective, taking into account all relevant side effects on the sludge treatment or the wastewater treatment plant. The assessment was based on pilot and full-scale data which were thoroughly consolidated and standardized with technical and cost data from the German wastewater-sludge treatment train to enable direct comparison...
July 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726549/homeless-veterans-experiences-with-substance-use-recovery-and-treatment-through-photo-elicitation
#16
Samuel F Sestito, Keri L Rodriguez, Shaddy K Saba, James W Conley, Michael A Mitchell, Adam J Gordon
BACKGROUND: Homeless Veterans often have addictions and comorbidities that complicate utilization of longitudinal healthcare services, such as primary care. An understanding of experiences of Veterans enrolled in a Homeless Patient Aligned Care Team (H-PACT) may improve addiction treatment engagement in these settings. We aimed to describe H-PACT Veterans' experiences with substance use (SU), substance use recovery (SUR), and substance use treatment (SUT). METHODS: Homeless Veterans were recruited from a Veteran primary care medical home clinic between September 2014 and March 2015...
July 20, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724575/a-multidirectional-gravity-assist-algorithm-that-enhances-locomotor-control-in-patients-with-stroke-or-spinal-cord-injury
#17
Jean-Baptiste Mignardot, Camille G Le Goff, Rubia van den Brand, Marco Capogrosso, Nicolas Fumeaux, Heike Vallery, Selin Anil, Jessica Lanini, Isabelle Fodor, Grégoire Eberle, Auke Ijspeert, Brigitte Schurch, Armin Curt, Stefano Carda, Jocelyne Bloch, Joachim von Zitzewitz, Grégoire Courtine
Gait recovery after neurological disorders requires remastering the interplay between body mechanics and gravitational forces. Despite the importance of gravity-dependent gait interactions and active participation for promoting this learning, these essential components of gait rehabilitation have received comparatively little attention. To address these issues, we developed an adaptive algorithm that personalizes multidirectional forces applied to the trunk based on patient-specific motor deficits. Implementation of this algorithm in a robotic interface reestablished gait dynamics during highly participative locomotion within a large and safe environment...
July 19, 2017: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723977/effect-of-inter-train-interval-on-the-induction-of-repetition-suppression-of-motor-evoked-potentials-using-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation
#18
Minna Pitkänen, Elisa Kallioniemi, Petro Julkunen
Repetition suppression (RS) is evident as a weakened response to repeated stimuli after the initial response. RS has been demonstrated in motor-evoked potentials (MEPs) induced with transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). Here, we investigated the effect of inter-train interval (ITI) on the induction of RS of MEPs with the attempt to optimize the investigative protocols. Trains of TMS pulses, targeted to the primary motor cortex by neuronavigation, were applied at a stimulation intensity of 120% of the resting motor threshold...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723843/no-superior-adaptations-to-carbohydrate-periodization-in-elite-endurance-athletes
#19
Kasper Degn Gejl, Line Thams, Mette Hansen, Torben Rokkedal-Lausch, Peter Plomgaard, Lars Nybo, Filip J Larsen, Daniele A Cardinale, Kurt Jensen, Hans-Christer Holmberg, Kristian Vissing, Niels Ørtenblad
PURPOSE: The present study investigated the effects of periodic CHO restriction on endurance performance and metabolic markers in elite endurance athletes. METHODS: Twenty-six male elite endurance athletes (VO2max: 65.0 ml O2[BULLET OPERATOR]kg[BULLET OPERATOR]min) completed 4 weeks of regular endurance training, while matched and randomized into two groups training with (Low) or without (High) carbohydrate (CHO) manipulation three days a week. The CHO manipulation days consisted of a 1-hr high intensity bike session in the morning, recovery for 7 hrs while consuming isocaloric diets containing either high CHO (414±2...
July 19, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723816/importance-of-physical-qualities-for-speed-and-change-of-direction-ability-in-elite-female-soccer-players
#20
Stacey Emmonds, G Nicholson, C Beggs, B Jones, A Bissas
The purpose of this study was to determine the importance of physical qualities for speed and change of direction (CoD) ability in female soccer players. Data were collected on 10 female soccer players who were part of a professional English Women's Super League team. Player assessments included anthropometric (stature and body mass), body composition (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry), speed (10m, 30m sprint), CoD ability (505 agility), aerobic (Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test), lower-body strength (bilateral knee extensions) and power (countermovement jump [CMJ], squat jump [SJ], 30cm drop jump [DJ]) measures...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
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