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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161748/whole-body-cryotherapy-as-a-recovery-technique-after-exercise-a-review-of-the-literature
#1
Catriona Rose, Kate M Edwards, Jason Siegler, Kenneth Graham, Corinne Caillaud
This review aims to evaluate the current body of literature investigating the effect of whole body cryotherapy on recovery after exercise. A systematic search was conducted to investigate the effect of whole body cryotherapy (WBC, exposure to temperatures between -110 to -190°C) on markers of recovery after damaging exercise in healthy, physically active subjects. Of the 16 eligible articles extracted, ten induced muscle damage using controlled exercise in a laboratory setting, while six induced damage during sport-specific training...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161387/reversal-of-residual-neuromuscular-block-complications-associated-with-perioperative-management-of-muscle-relaxation
#2
J M Hunter
The use of anticholinesterases to reverse residual neuromuscular block at the end of surgery became routine practice in the 1950s. These drugs could only be used when recovery from block was established [two twitches of the train-of-four (TOF) count detectable] and concern was expressed about their cholinergic side-effects. By the 1990s, it was recognized that failure to reverse residual block adequately to a TOF ratio (TOFR) >0.7 was associated with increased risk of postoperative pulmonary complications (POPCs) following the long-acting non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocking drug (NDNMBD) pancuronium...
December 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160143/some-autonomic-deficits-of-acute-or-chronic-cervical-spinal-contusion-reversed-by-interim-brainstem-stimulation
#3
Alberto A Vitores, Stephanie S Sloley, Catalina Martinez, Melissa M Carballosa-Gautam, Ian D Hentall
Prolonged electrical stimulation of the hindbrain's nucleus raphe magnus (NRM) or its major midbrain input region, the periaqueductal gray (PAG), was previously found in rats to promote recovery from sensory-motor and histological deficits of acute thoracic spinal cord injury (SCI). Here, some visceral deficits of acute and chronic midline cervical (C5) contusion are similarly examined. Cranially implanted wireless stimulators delivered intermittent 8 Hz, 30-70 µA cathodal pulse trains to a brainstem microelectrode...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158613/blood-pressure-heart-rate-and-perceived-enjoyment-after-small-sided-soccer-games-and-repeated-sprint-in-untrained-healthy-adolescents
#4
Amri Hammami, Sofien Kasmi, Paulo Farinatti, Taieb Fgiri, Karim Chamari, Ezdine Bouhlel
The purpose of this study was to examine systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), heart rate (HR), rating of perceived exertion (RPE) and perceived enjoyment responses to a repeated-sprint training session (RST) compared to a small-sided soccer game session (SSG) in untrained adolescents. Twelve healthy post-pubertal adolescent males (age 15.8±0.6 years, body mass 59.1±3.7 kg, height 1.7±0.1m) performed RST and SSG sessions in a randomized and counterbalanced order. Blood pressure and HR were measured at rest and at 10, 20 and 30 minutes after interventions, and RPE and enjoyment were assessed...
September 2017: Biology of Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156378/effect-of-robotic-assisted-gait-rehabilitation-on-dynamic-equilibrium-control-in-the-gait-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#5
L Wallard, G Dietrich, Y Kerlirzin, J Bredin
Due to the intensity and repetition of movement, roboticassisted gait training therapy could have a beneficial effect on the recovery and improvement of postural and locomotor functions of the patient. This study sought to highlight the effects of robotic-assisted gait rehabilitation in gait of children with Cerebral Palsy (CP). We analyzed the different strategies before and after this rehabilitation which was used in order to generate forward motion while maintaining balance. Data were collected by a motion analysis system (Vicon® - Oxford Metrics, Oxford, UK)...
November 11, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155095/behavioral-and-neural-mechanisms-by-which-prior-experience-impacts-subsequent-learning
#6
Ryan G Parsons
Memory is often thought about in terms of its ability to recollect and store information about the past, but its function likely rests with the fact that it permits adaptation to ongoing and future experience. Thus, the brain circuitry that encodes memory must act as if stored information is likely to be modified by subsequent experience. Considerable progress has been made in identifying the behavioral and neural mechanisms supporting the acquisition and consolidation of memories, but this knowledge comes largely from studies in laboratory animals in which the training experience is presented in isolation from prior experimentally-controlled events...
November 16, 2017: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154407/exercise-dynamic-stability-under-unstable-conditions-increases-muscle-strength-and-balance-ability-in-the-elderly
#7
Azza Hamed, Sebastian Bohm, Falk Mersmann, Adamantios Arampatzis
The purpose of the current study was to assess the effectiveness of a specific exercise intervention of mechanisms to control dynamic postural stability under unstable conditions in old adults. Forty-seven old adults (65-80 years) were assigned to two experimental groups (muscle strength group, n=15, perturbation-based group, n=16) and a control group (n=16). The strength group performed resistance exercises for legs and trunk muscles, while the perturbation-based group exercised mechanisms of dynamic stability under unstable conditions...
November 20, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152521/isokinetic-strength-deficit-6-months-after-adductor-canal-blockade-for-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#8
James E Christensen, Natalie E Taylor, Scott J Hetzel, John A Shepler, Tamara A Scerpella
Background: Recent evidence shows a delayed return to sport in children and delayed quadriceps recovery in both adults and children who have undergone anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with concomitant femoral nerve blockade (FNB) compared with those who had no blockade. We evaluated the use of adductor canal blockade (ACB), as an alternative to FNB, at the time of ACL reconstruction. Hypothesis: Patients who receive ACB will have greater isokinetic strength at 6 months postoperative compared with patients who receive FNB at the time of ACL reconstruction...
November 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152464/intensivist-based-deep-sedation-using-propofol-for-pediatric-outpatient-flexible-bronchoscopy
#9
Kamal Abulebda, Samer Abu-Sultaneh, Sheikh Sohail Ahmed, Elizabeth A S Moser, Renee C McKinney, Riad Lutfi
AIM: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of sedating pediatric patients for outpatient flexible bronchoscopy. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted for all children, age 17 years or under who underwent flexible bronchoscopy under deep sedation in an outpatient hospital-based setting. Two sedation regimens were used; propofol only or ketamine prior to propofol. Patients were divided into three age groups; infants (less than 12 mo), toddlers (1-3 years) and children (4-17 years)...
November 4, 2017: World Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152036/case-study-quasi-qualitative-analysis-of-peer-group-supervision-of-a-child-trauma-recovery-program-in-occupied-palestine
#10
Ian G Barron, Ghassan Abdallah, Unni Heltne
This case study explores the impact of peer group supervision (PGS) for counselors delivering Teaching Recovery Techniques (TRT), a group psycho-social program for traumatized adolescents. Interviews were conducted with seven school counselors, from villages near East Jerusalem in occupied Palestine; a skilled supervisor; and an international trainer. A quasi-qualitative analysis was conducted to quantify responses and themes along with a measure of inter-rater reliability. Participants reported that even in a context of military violence, PGS provided a reflective process inclusive of formative, normative and restorative functions...
2017: Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149948/knowledge-and-attitudes-toward-organ-donation-in-health-care-undergraduate-students-in-italy
#11
F Fontana, M Massari, L Giovannini, G Alfano, G Cappelli
INTRODUCTION: The number of organ donors in Italy is increasing, but with still disappointing living donation activity and relatively frequent objection by potential deceased donors' relatives to organ recovery. Few studies have assessed health care students' knowledge and attitude on donation. METHODS: We administered a questionnaire to medical (MS) and nursing students (NS) at University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Italy, and 749 students (406 MS and 343 NS) completed the questionnaire...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149877/key-bottlenecks-to-the-provision-of-safe-obstetric-anaesthesia-in-low-income-countries-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-64-hospitals-in-uganda
#12
Isabella Epiu, Agnes Wabule, Andrew Kambugu, Harriet Mayanja-Kizza, Jossy Verel Bahe Tindimwebwa, Gerald Dubowitz
BACKGROUND: Despite recent advances in surgery and anaesthesia which significantly improve safety, many health facilities in low-and middle-income countries (LMICs) remain chronically under-resourced with inability to cope effectively with serious obstetric complications (Knight et al., PLoS One 8:e63846, 2013). As a result many of these countries still have unacceptably high maternal and neonatal mortality rates. Recent data at the national referral hospitals in East Africa reported that none of the national referral hospitals met the World Federation of Societies of Anesthesiologists (WFSA) international standards required to provide safe obstetric anaesthesia (Epiu I: Challenges of Anesthesia in Low-and Middle-Income Countries...
November 17, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149855/increasing-upper-limb-training-intensity-in-chronic-stroke-using-embodied-virtual-reality-a-pilot-study
#13
Daniel Perez-Marcos, Odile Chevalley, Thomas Schmidlin, Gangadhar Garipelli, Andrea Serino, Philippe Vuadens, Tej Tadi, Olaf Blanke, José D R Millán
BACKGROUND: Technology-mediated neurorehabilitation is suggested to enhance training intensity and therefore functional gains. Here, we used a novel virtual reality (VR) system for task-specific upper extremity training after stroke. The system offers interactive exercises integrating motor priming techniques and embodied visuomotor feedback. In this pilot study, we examined (i) rehabilitation dose and training intensity, (ii) functional improvements, and (iii) safety and tolerance when exposed to intensive VR rehabilitation...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148855/effects-of-virtual-reality-based-training-with-bts-nirvana-on-functional-recovery-in-stroke-patients-preliminary-considerations
#14
Rosaria De Luca, Margherita Russo, Antonino Naro, Provvidenza Tomasello, Simona Leonardi, Floriana Santamaria, Latella Desireè, Alessia Bramanti, Giuseppe Silvestri, Placido Bramanti, Rocco Salvatore Calabrò
AIM OF THE STUDY: cognitive impairment occurs frequently in post-stroke patients. This study aimed to determine the effects of a virtual reality training (VRT) with BTs-Nirvana (BTsN) on the recovery of cognitive functions in stroke patients, using the Interactive-Semi-Immersive Program (I-SIP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled 12 subjects (randomly divided into two groups: experimental group -EG; and control group -CG), who attended the Laboratory of Robotic and Cognitive Rehabilitation of IRCCS Neurolesi of Messina from January to June 2016...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148845/speech-recovery-and-language-plasticity-can-be-facilitated-by-sensori-motor-fusion-training-in-chronic-non-fluent-aphasia-a-case-report-study
#15
Célise Haldin, Audrey Acher, Louise Kauffmann, Thomas Hueber, Emilie Cousin, Pierre Badin, Pascal Perrier, Diandra Fabre, Dominic Perennou, Olivier Detante, Assia Jaillard, Hélène Lœvenbruck, Monica Baciu
The rehabilitation of speech disorders benefits from providing visual information which may improve speech motor plans in patients. We tested the proof of concept of a rehabilitation method (Sensori-Motor Fusion, SMF; Ultraspeech player) in one post-stroke patient presenting chronic non-fluent aphasia. SMF allows visualisation by the patient of target tongue and lips movements using high-speed ultrasound and video imaging. This can improve the patient's awareness of his/her own lingual and labial movements, which can, in turn, improve the representation of articulatory movements and increase the ability to coordinate and combine articulatory gestures...
November 17, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148128/step-ergometer-training-augmented-with-functional-electrical-stimulation-in-individuals-with-chronic-spinal-cord-injury-a-feasibility-study
#16
Candy Tefertiller, Don Gerber
Spinal cord injury (SCI) often results in loss of upright mobility and independence subsequently challenging rehabilitation practitioners for meaningful intervention strategies. The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and potential impact on walking function of the stimulation and ergometer training protocol (STEP) in chronic SCI. Fourteen individuals with a chronic motor incomplete SCI (>1-year post injury) were enrolled in the study. The intervention consisted of a 12-week walking training program delivered three times per week from 20 up to 45 min in combination with 10 channels of FES on a step ergometer...
November 2017: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146456/is-more-always-better-how-different-doses-of-exercise-after-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury-affects-the-membrane-properties-of-deep-dorsal-horn-interneurons
#17
M M Rank, M P Galea, R Callister, R J Callister
Interneurons in the deep dorsal horn (DDH) of the spinal cord process somatosensory input, and form an important link between upper and lower motoneurons to subsequently shape motor output. Exercise training after SCI is known to improve functional motor recovery, but little is known about the mechanisms within spinal cord neurons that underlie these improvements. Here we investigate how the properties of DDH interneurons are affected by spinal cord injury (SCI) alone, and SCI in combination with different 'doses' of treadmill exercise training (3, 6, and 9wks)...
November 13, 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145410/the-influence-of-computer-based-cognitive-flexibility-training-on-subjective-cognitive-well-being-after-stroke-a-multi-center-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Renate M van de Ven, Jaap M J Murre, Jessika I V Buitenweg, Dick J Veltman, Justine A Aaronson, Tanja C W Nijboer, Suzanne J C Kruiper-Doesborgh, Coen A M van Bennekom, K Richard Ridderinkhof, Ben Schmand
BACKGROUND: Stroke can result in cognitive complaints that can have a large impact on quality of life long after its occurrence. A number of computer-based training programs have been developed with the aim to improve cognitive functioning. Most studies investigating their efficacy used only objective outcome measures, whereas a reduction of subjective cognitive complaints may be equally important for improving quality of life. A few studies used subjective outcome measures but were inconclusive, partly due to methodological shortcomings such as lack of proper active and passive control groups...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145285/degeneration-of-paramedian-nuclei-in-the-thalamus-induces-holmes-tremor-in-a-case-of-artery-of-percheron-infarction
#19
Tz-Shiang Wei, Chun-Sheng Hsu, Yu-Chun Lee, Shin-Tsu Chang
RATIONALE: Holmes' tremor is an uncommon neurologic disorder following brain insults, and its pathogenesis is undefined. The interruption of the dento-rubro-thalamic tract and secondary deterioration of the nigrostriatal pathway are both required to initiate Holmes' tremor. We used nuclear medicine imaging tools to analyze a patient with concurrent infarction in different zones of each side of the thalamus. Finding whether the paramedian nuclear groups of the thalamus were injured was a decisive element for developing Holmes' tremor...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143300/effect-of-restraining-the-base-of-support-on-the-other-biomechanical-features-in-patients-with-cerebellar-ataxia
#20
C Conte, Mariano Serrao, L Cuius, A Ranavolo, S Conforto, F Pierelli, L Padua
This study aimed to analyze the biomechanical consequences of reducing the base of support in patients with ataxia. Specifically, we evaluated the spatio-temporal parameters, upper- and lower-body kinematics, muscle co-activation, and energy recovery and expenditure. The gaits of 13 patients were recorded using a motion analysis system in unperturbed and perturbed walking conditions. In the latter condition, patients had to walk using the same step width and speed of healthy controls. The perturbed walking condition featured reduced gait speed, step length, hip and knee range of motion, and energy recovery and increased double support duration, gait variability, trunk oscillation, and ankle joint muscle co-activation...
November 15, 2017: Cerebellum
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