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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240761/hepatocellular-carcinoma-and-cxcr3-chemokines-a-narrative-review
#1
E Giusy, F Poupak
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) results from several factors like viral hepatitis infection [hepatitis B, or C (25%)] or occupational exposure. T-helper (Th)1 inflammatory cells, characterized by interferon (IFN)-γ and interleukin (IL)-2 secretion, predominate in the liver during chronic HCV infection, and chemokines attracting these cells are particularly important in disease progression. Among C-X-C chemokines, the non-ELR group [as IFN-γ-induced protein 10 (IP-10), monokine induced by IFN-γ (MIG) and IFN-inducible T-cell-alpha chemoattractant (I-TAC)], attracts Th1-cells interacting with chemokine C-X-C receptor (CXCR3)...
January 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240613/the-benefit-of-statins-in-chronic-hepatitis-c-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Yi-Xiang Zheng, Peng-Cheng Zhou, Rong-Rong Zhou, Xue-Gong Fan
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Besides regulating lipid metabolism, statins have garnered considerable interest because of their antiviral and antineoplastic properties. The potential benefit of statins using in chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients is not well described. This meta-analysis was carried out to quantitatively assess the efficacy of statins in improving the therapeutic effect and prognosis of patients with CHC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We searched electronic databases for relevant studies comparing the course of benefit in CHC patients with statins versus without statins...
February 24, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239368/connection-of-nicotine-to-diet-induced-obesity-and-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-cellular-and-mechanistic-insights
#3
REVIEW
Amiya P Sinha-Hikim, Indrani Sinha-Hikim, Theodore C Friedman
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) poses a serious health hazard affecting 20-40% of adults in the general population in the USA and over 70% of the obese and extremely obese people. In addition to obesity, nicotine is recognized as a risk factor for NAFLD, and it has been reported that nicotine can exaggerate obesity-induced hepatic steatosis. The development of NAFLD has serious clinical complications because of its potential progression from simple hepatic steatosis to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), liver cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238581/correlation-of-technetium-99m-macroaggregated-albumin-and-yttrium-90-glass-microsphere-biodistribution-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-retrospective-review-of-pretreatment-single-photon-emission-ct-and-posttreatment-positron-emission-tomography-ct
#4
Paul Haste, Mark Tann, Scott Persohn, Thomas LaRoche, Vasantha Aaron, Thibault Mauxion, Nikhil Chauhan, Matthew R Dreher, Matthew S Johnson
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether technetium-99 ((99m)Tc)-labeled macroaggregated albumin (MAA) can predict subsequent yttrium-90 ((90)Y) distribution and imaging response in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). MATERIALS: Retrospective review was performed of records of 83 patients with HCC who underwent (90)Y glass microsphere radioembolization with (99m)Tc-MAA single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and (90)Y positron emission tomography (PET)/CT between January 2013 and December 2014...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236631/causes-of-intrauterine-fetal-death-are-changing-in-recent-years
#5
Hiroko Takita, Junichi Hasegawa, Masamitsu Nakamura, Tatsuya Arakaki, Tomohiro Oba, Ryu Matsuoka, Akihiko Sekizawa
OBJECTIVE: To investigate, how causes of intrauterine fetal death (IUFD) have changed in recent years with the advancement of prenatal diagnosis at a single perinatal center in Japan. METHODS: Medical records were retrospectively reviewed for all cases of IUFDs that occurred between 2001 and 2014. The most commonly associated causes of fetal deaths were compared between 2001-2007 and 2008-2014. RESULTS: The number of IUFD after 20 weeks' gestation/all deliveries in our center was 38/6878 cases (0...
February 25, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230038/association-between-hepatitis-b-virus-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-and-primary-hepatocellular-carcinoma-risk-a-meta-analysis-based-on-chinese-population
#6
Libo Li, Xiaolin Lan
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and HBV/HCV double infection and hepatocellular carcinoma risk in Chinese population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The databases of PubMed and CNKI were electronic searched by reviewers according to the searching words of HBV, HCV, and hepatocellular carcinoma. The related case-control studies or cohort studies were included. The association between virus infection and hepatocellular carcinoma risk was demonstrated by odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI)...
December 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230035/a-meta-analysis-of-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-for-small-hepatocellular-carcinoma-diagnosis
#7
Huadong Deng, Hongwei Shi, Jianming Lei, Yan Hu, Gang Li, Chaojun Wang
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the efficacy of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) for diagnosis of small hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) by pooling the open published data. METHODS: A comprehensive publication electronic search was performed by reviewers in the databases of PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure. The open published studies about CEUS for small HCC diagnosis were collected. The sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio (+LR), negative likelihood ratio (-LR), and diagnostic odds ratio (DOR) were pooled by stata 12...
December 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230033/postoperative-infectious-complications-after-liver-resection-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#8
Yuan Zhao, Yi Jin, Yueming Wu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the postoperative infectious complications after liver resection for hepatocellular carcinoma by logistic regression analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and sixty-six hepatocellular carcinoma patients who received surgery were retrospectively reviewed and included in this study. Of the included 166 patients, 42 patients had the postoperative infectious complications (case group) and other 124 patients did not develop postoperative infection (control group)...
December 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224705/the-role-of-exosomes-in-hepatitis-liver-cirrhosis-and-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#9
REVIEW
Jiliang Shen, Chiung-Kuei Huang, Hong Yu, Bo Shen, Yaping Zhang, Yuelong Liang, Zheyong Li, Xu Feng, Jie Zhao, Lian Duan, Xiujun Cai
Exosomes are small vesicles that were initially thought to be a mechanism for discarding unneeded membrane proteins from reticulocytes. Their mediation of intercellular communication appears to be associated with several biological functions. Current studies have shown that most mammalian cells undergo the process of exosome formation and utilize exosome-mediated cell communication. Exosomes contain various microRNAs, mRNAs and proteins. They have been reported to mediate multiple functions, such as antigen presentation, immune escape and tumour progression...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224351/subcirrhotic-liver-stiffness-by-fibroscan-correlates-with-lower-risk-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-patients-with-hbv-related-cirrhosis
#10
Mi Young Jeon, Hye Won Lee, Seung Up Kim, Ja Yoon Heo, Sojung Han, Beom Kyung Kim, Jun Yong Park, Do Young Kim, Sang Hoon Ahn, Kwang-Hyub Han
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The risk of developing hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) varies, even in the context of cirrhosis. We investigated the relationship between liver stiffness (LS) in subcirrhotic range, assessed via transient elastography (TE), and risk of HCC development in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB)-related cirrhosis. METHODS: Data on 540 patients presenting with clinically evident CHB-related cirrhosis between April 2006 and December 2014 were reviewed retrospectively...
February 21, 2017: Hepatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223235/interleukin-32-inflammation-and-cancer
#11
REVIEW
Jin Tae Hong, Dong Ju Son, Chong Kil Lee, Do-Young Yoon, Dong Hun Lee, Mi Hee Park
Interleukin-32 (IL-32) is a novel cytokine involved in inflammation and cancer development. IL-32 gene consists of eight small exons, and IL-32 mRNA has nine alternative spliced isoforms, and was thought to be secreted because it contains an internal signal sequence and lacks a transmembrane region. IL-32 is initially expressed selectively in activated T cells by mitogen and activated NK cells and their expression is strongly augmented by microbes, mitogens, and other cytokines. The IL-32 is induced mainly by pathogens and pro-inflammatory cytokines, but IL-32 is more prominent in immune cells than in non-immune tissues...
February 14, 2017: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218682/immune-mediated-therapies-for-liver-cancer
#12
REVIEW
Rajagopal N Aravalli, Clifford J Steer
In recent years, immunotherapy has gained renewed interest as an alternative therapeutic approach for solid tumors. Its premise is based on harnessing the power of the host immune system to destroy tumor cells. Development of immune-mediated therapies, such as vaccines, adoptive transfer of autologous immune cells, and stimulation of host immunity by targeting tumor-evasive mechanisms have advanced cancer immunotherapy. In addition, studies on innate immunity and mechanisms of immune evasion have enhanced our understanding on the immunology of liver cancer...
February 17, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216894/cytotoxic-activities-of-naturally-occurring-oleanane-ursane-and-lupane-type-triterpenes-on-hepg2-and-ags-cells
#13
Heejung Yang, Hyun Woo Kim, Young Choong Kim, Sang Hyun Sung
BACKGROUND: It is well known that the naturally occurring modified triterpenes in plants have a wide diversity of chemical structures and biological functions. The lupane-, oleanane-, and ursane-type triterpenes are the three major members of natural triterpenes with a wide range of biological properties. A systematic approach is necessary to review their structures and biological activities according to the backbones and the different substituents. OBJECTIVE: Thirty lupane-(L1-7), oleanane-(O1-14), and ursane-type (U1-9) triterpenes with structural diversity were examined to evaluate their cytotoxic activities against two cancer cell lines, human hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG2) and AGS cells...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216578/tumor-microenvironment-a-paradigm-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-progression-and-therapy
#14
REVIEW
Maryam Tahmasebi Birgani, Vinicio Carloni
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is among the most lethal and prevalent cancers in the human population. Different etiological factors such as hepatitis B and C virus, alcohol and diabetes cause liver injury followed by inflammation, necrosis and hepatocytes proliferation. Continuous cycles of this destructive-regenerative process culminates in liver cirrhosis which is characterized by regenerating nodules that progress to dysplastic nodules and ultimately HCC. Despite its significance, there is only an elemental understanding of the pathogenetic mechanisms, and there are only limited therapeutic options...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215616/incidence-and-determinants-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-autoimmune-hepatitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Aylin Tansel, Lior H Katz, Hashem B El-Serag, Aaron P Thrift, Mayur Parepally, Mohammad H Shakhatreh, Fasiha Kanwal
BACKGROUND: The risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is unclear. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the incidence of HCC and associated risk factors among patients with AIH. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, and reference lists from relevant articles through June 2016 to identify cohort studies that examined the incidence of HCC in patients with AIH. We used random effects models to estimate pooled incidence rates overall and in subgroup of patients with cirrhosis...
February 12, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214839/t-cell-associated-immunotherapy-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#16
Weijie Ma, Long Wu, Fuling Zhou, Zhenfei Hong, Yufeng Yuan, Zhisu Liu
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignant diseases worldwide with limited therapeutic options. Accumulating evidences suggest that immunotherapy could be a promising option for treating HCC. T cell-associated immunotherapy lights up the hope for the improvement of complementary approach to conventional HCC treatments, which needs further research to consummate the clinical consequences. The present work reviewed several T cells associated cellular immunotherapies for HCC, including immune checkpoint blockade, gene-engineered T cells, bispecific T cell engagers, and so on...
February 3, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214411/non-transplant-therapies-for-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-and-child-pugh-turcotte-class-b-cirrhosis
#17
REVIEW
Alessandro Granito, Luigi Bolondi
Underlying liver cirrhosis is present in most patients with hepatocellular carcinoma, and liver transplantation is the only treatment strategy to cure both diseases. All other hepatocellular carcinoma treatment strategies have to take into account residual liver function that concurs with the patient's prognosis and might limit their feasibility. In patients with hepatocellular carcinoma and Child-Pugh-Turcotte class B (CPT-B), owing to borderline liver function, any intervention might be offset by liver function deterioration...
February 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214240/bridging-locoregional-therapy-longitudinal-trends-and-outcomes-in-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#18
REVIEW
Hayley C Oligane, Orrie N Close, Minzhi Xing, Hyun S Kim
The purpose of this article is to analyze longitudinal trends in locoregional therapy (LRT) use and review locoregional therapy's role in the management of hepatocellular carcinoma prior to orthotropic liver transplantation Porrett et al. (2006) . LRT has a role in both bridge to transplantation and downstaging of patients not initially meeting Milan or UCSF Criteria. Due to the lack of randomized controlled trials, no specific bridging LRT modality is recommended over another for treating patients on the waiting list, however each modality has unique and patient-specific advantages...
February 2, 2017: Transplantation Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210086/prognostic-factors-associated-with-mortality-in-patients-with-gastric-fundal-variceal-bleeding
#19
Keishi Komori, Masaru Kubokawa, Eikichi Ihara, Kazuya Akahoshi, Kazuhiko Nakamura, Kenta Motomura, Akihide Masumoto
AIM: To determine the prognostic factors associated with mortality in patients with gastric fundal variceal (GFV) bleeding. METHODS: In total, 42 patients were endoscopically diagnosed with GFV bleeding from January 2000 to March 2014. We retrospectively reviewed the patients' medical records and assessed their history, etiology of liver cirrhosis, disease conditions, treatment options for GFV bleeding, medications administered before and after onset of GFV bleeding, blood test results (hemoglobin, albumin, and bilirubin concentrations), and imaging results (including computed tomography and abdominal ultrasonography)...
January 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206965/prognostic-role-of-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Yongzhao Zhao, Guangyan Si, Fengshang Zhu, Jialiang Hui, Shangli Cai, Chenshen Huang, Sijin Cheng, Abdel Hamid Fathy, Yi Xiang, Jing Li
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Several studies were conducted to explore the prognostic significance of platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), however, contradictory results across most reports were documented. To this end, we present a systematic review that aims to summarize the prognostic significance of PLR in patients with HCC. RESULTS: A total of 10 studies involving a total of 2,315 patients were identified. The Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale (NOS) of each included study was greater than or equal to 5...
February 11, 2017: Oncotarget
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