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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547581/gender-disparity-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-hcc-multiple-underlying-mechanisms
#1
REVIEW
Bo Zheng, Yan-Jing Zhu, Hong-Yang Wang, Lei Chen
On the global scale, hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is the main cause of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) especially in regions of Asia where HBV infection is endemic. Epidemiological studies show that the incidence of inflammation-driven HCC in males is three times as high as in females. Recent studies suggest that sex hormones have a crucial role in the pathogenesis and development of HBV-induced HCC. We found that the estrogen/androgen signaling pathway is associated with decreased/increased transcription and replication of HBV genes and can promote the development of HBV infections by up/downregulating HBV RNA transcription and inflammatory cytokines levels, which in turn slow down the progression of HBV-induced HCC...
May 23, 2017: Science China. Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547124/erratum-to-unresectable-hepatocellular-carcinoma-radioembolization-versus-chemoembolization-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Laila Lobo, Danny Yakoub, Omar Picado, Caroline Ripat, Fiorella Pendola, Rishika Sharma, Rana ElTawil, Deukwoo Kwon, Shree Venkat, Loraine Portelance, Raphael Yechieli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 25, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546081/targeting-nuclear-receptors-for-the-treatment-of-fatty-liver-disease
#3
REVIEW
Naoki Tanaka, Toshifumi Aoyama, Shioko Kimura, Frank J Gonzalez
Ligand-activated nuclear receptors, including peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα), pregnane X receptor, and constitutive androstane receptor, were first identified as key regulators of the responses against chemical toxicants. However, numerous studies using mouse disease models and human samples have revealed critical roles for these receptors and others, such as PPARβ/δ, PPARγ, farn esoid X receptor (FXR), and liver X receptor (LXR), in maintaining nutrient/energy homeostasis in part through modulation of the gut-liver-adipose axis...
May 22, 2017: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545872/imaging-of-liver-transplantation
#4
Rossano Girometti, Martina Pancot, Giuseppe Como, Chiara Zuiani
Liver transplantation (LT) is the treatment of choice for end-stage chronic liver disease, fulminant liver failure and early stage hepatocellular carcinoma. As discussed in this review, state-of-the-art imaging modalities including ultrasonography (US), computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) play a pivotal role in the selection of patients and donors, as well as in early detection of those complications at risk of impairing graft function and/or survival. We also illustrate main imaging findings related to the wide spectrum of clinical problems raised by LT...
May 15, 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545511/gastric-hepatoid-adenocarcinoma-resulting-in-a-spontaneous-gastric-perforation-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
Junichi Yoshizawa, Satoshi Ishizone, Meguru Ikeyama, Jun Nakayama
BACKGROUND: Gastric hepatoid adenocarcinoma (GHAC) is an atypical form of gastric cancer (GC) that has similar tissue morphology to hepatocellular carcinoma and frequently produces alpha-fetoprotein. We present an exceedingly rare case of GHAC resulting in a spontaneous gastric perforation. CASE PRESENTATION: A 61-year-old man presented at our institution complaining of abdominal and back pain. A computed tomography scan revealed a spontaneous gastric perforation with a solitary liver tumor and lymph node swelling...
May 25, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545181/hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-comprehensive-review-of-biomarkers-clinical-aspects-and-therapy
#6
Nathalia Martines Tunissiolli, Márcia Maria Urbanin Castanhole-Nunes, Patrícia Matos Biselli-Chicote, Érika Cristina Pavarino, Renato Ferreira da Silva, Rita de Cássia Martins Alves da Silva, Eny Maria Goloni-Bertollo
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a cause of several deaths related to cancer worldwidely. In early stage, curative treatments such as surgical resection, liver transplant and local ablation can improve the patient ´s survival. However, the disease is detected in advanced stage; moreover some available therapies are restricted to palliative care and local treatment. Early detections of HCC and adequate therapy are crucial to increase survival as well as to improve the patient´s quality of life. Therefore, researchers have been investigating molecular biomarkers with high sensibility and reliability as Golgi 73 protein (GP73), Glypican-3 (GPC3), Osteopontin (OPN), microRNAs and others...
April 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540809/percutaneous-ct-guided-radiofrequency-ablation-for-patients-with-extrahepatic-oligometastases-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-long-term-results
#7
Luwen Mu, Lin Sun, Tao Pan, Ning Lyu, Shaolong Li, Xishan Li, Jianpeng Wang, Qiankun Xie, Haijing Deng, Lie Zheng, Jianhong Peng, Lujun Shen, Weijun Fan, Peihong Wu, Ming Zhao
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic outcome of percutaneous computed tomography (CT)-guided radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for extrahepatic oligometastases of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: Institutional review board approval was obtained for this retrospective study, and all patients provided written informed consent. Between April 2004 and December 2015, 116 oligometastases (diameter, 5-50 mm; 20.3 ± 10.4) in 79 consecutive HCC patients (73 men and 6 women; average age, 50...
May 2, 2017: International Journal of Hyperthermia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539991/importance-of-surgical-margin-in-the-outcomes-of-hepatocholangiocarcinoma
#8
Ka Wing Ma, Kenneth Siu Ho Chok
AIM: To evaluate the significance of resection margin width in the management of hepatocholangiocarcinoma (HCC-CC). METHODS: Data of consecutive patients who underwent hepatectomy for hepatic malignancies in the period from 1995 to 2014 were reviewed. Patients with pathologically confirmed HCC-CC were included for analysis. Demographic, biochemical, operative and pathological data were analyzed against survival outcomes. RESULTS: Forty-two patients were included for analysis...
May 8, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539990/management-of-centrally-located-hepatocellular-carcinoma-update-2016
#9
REVIEW
Wei-Bo Yu, Andrew Rao, Victor Vu, Lily Xu, Jian-Yu Rao, Jian-Xiong Wu
Centrally located hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is sited in the central part of the liver and adjacent to main hepatic vascular structures. This special location is associated with an increase in the difficulty of surgery, aggregation of the recurrence disease, and greater challenge in disease management. This review summarizes the evolution of our understanding for centrally located HCC and discusses the development of treatment strategies, surgical approaches and recurrence prevention methods. To improve patient survival, a multi-disciplinary modality is greatly needed throughout the whole treatment period...
May 8, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537989/obesity-is-independently-associated-with-increased-risk-of-hepatocellular-cancer-related-mortality-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Arjun Gupta, Avash Das, Kaustav Majumder, Nivedita Arora, Helen G Mayo, Preet P Singh, Muhammad S Beg, Siddharth Singh
OBJECTIVE: Excess body weight is associated with increased risk of developing hepatocellular cancer (HCC), but its effect on HCC-related mortality remains unclear. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the association between premorbid obesity and HCC-related mortality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Through a systematic literature search-up to March 2016, we identified 9 observational studies (1,599,453 individuals, 5705 HCC-related deaths) reporting the association between premorbid body mass index (BMI), and HCC-related mortality...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535652/-analysis-of-clinical-prognosis-and-the-correlation-between-bile-duct-injury-after-transcatheter-arterial-chemoembolization-and-the-level-of-hepatic-arterial-embolization-in-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#11
H Y Xu, X P Yu, R Feng, H J Hu, W W Xiao
Objective: To evaluate the correlation between bile duct injury after transcatheter arterial chemoembolization and the level of hepatic arterial embolization, and to analyze the clinical prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma patients. Methods: From January18, 2012 to December18, 2014, 21 patients underwent TACE for HCC were retrospectively reviewed, including patients' clinical and pathological data. The clinical outcome and relevant factors for bile duct injury were analyzed. Results: A total of 21 patients were identified with bile duct injury at our single institution...
May 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532995/histological-subtypes-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-are-related-to-gene-mutations-and-molecular-tumour-classification
#12
Julien Calderaro, Gabrielle Couchy, Sandrine Imbeaud, Giuliana Amaddeo, Eric Letouzé, Jean-Frédéric Blanc, Christophe Laurent, Yacine Hajji, Daniel Azoulay, Paulette Bioulac-Sage, Jean-Charles Nault, Jessica Zucman-Rossi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Our increasing understanding of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) biology holds promise for personalized care, however its translation into clinical practice requires a precise knowledge of its relationship to tumour phenotype. METHODS: We aimed at investigating molecular-phenotypic correlations in a large series of HCC. To this purpose, 343 surgically resected HCC were investigated by pathological review, immunohistochemistry, gene expression profiling and sequencing...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529987/the-role-of-radiofrequency-ablation-to-liver-transection-surface-in-patients-with-close-tumor-margin-of-hcc-during-hepatectomy-a-case-matched-study
#13
C Nicholas Kotewall, Tan To Cheung, Wong Hoi She, Ka Wing Ma, Simon Hing Ying Tsang, Jeff Wing Chiu Dai, Albert Chi Yan Chan, Kenneth Siu Ho Chok, Chung Mau Lo
BACKGROUND: To review the outcome of using radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for patients with close resection margin during hepatectomy. METHODS: From Oct 2004 to Sept 2013, 862 patients received hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in the Department of Surgery, Queen Mary Hospital in Hong Kong. Fourteen patients received additional RFA because of close resection margin (<1 cm) during the operation for HCC. The result of 28 patients with close liver resection margin was selected for comparison...
2017: Translational Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529542/frequency-and-geographic-distribution-of-tert-promoter-mutations-in-primary-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#14
REVIEW
Francesca Pezzuto, Luigi Buonaguro, Franco M Buonaguro, Maria Lina Tornesello
Primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) mainly develops in subjects chronically infected with hepatitis B (HBV) and C (HCV) viruses through a multistep process characterized by the accumulation of genetic alterations in the human genome. Nucleotide changes in coding regions (i.e. TP53, CTNNB1, ARID1A and ARID2) as well as in non-coding regions (i.e. TERT promoter) are considered cancer drivers for HCC development with variable frequencies in different geographic regions depending on the etiology and environmental factors...
2017: Infectious Agents and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527884/adjuvant-medications-that-improve-survival-after-locoregional-therapy
#15
F Edward Boas, Etay Ziv, Hooman Yarmohammadi, Karen T Brown, Joseph P Erinjeri, Constantinos T Sofocleous, James J Harding, Stephen B Solomon
PURPOSE: To determine if outpatient medications taken at the time of liver tumor embolization or ablation affect survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was done of 2,032 liver tumor embolization, radioembolization, and ablation procedures performed in 1,092 patients from June 2009 to April 2016. Pathology, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) stage (American Joint Committee on Cancer), neuroendocrine tumor (NET) grade, initial locoregional therapy, overall survival after initial locoregional therapy, Child-Pugh score, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status, Charlson Comorbidity Index, and outpatient medications taken at the time of locoregional therapy were analyzed for each patient...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527050/interplay-between-sirt-3-metabolism-and-its-tumor-suppressor-role-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#16
REVIEW
Serena De Matteis, Anna Maria Granato, Roberta Napolitano, Chiara Molinari, Martina Valgiusti, Daniele Santini, Francesco Giuseppe Foschi, Giorgio Ercolani, Umberto Vespasiani Gentilucci, Luca Faloppi, Mario Scartozzi, Giovanni Luca Frassineti, Andrea Casadei Gardini
Sirtuins (SIRT), first described as nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+))-dependent type III histone deacetylases, are produced by cells to support in the defense against chronic stress conditions such as metabolic syndromes, neurodegeneration, and cancer. SIRT-3 is one of the most studied members of the mitochondrial sirtuins family. In particular, its involvement in metabolic diseases and its dual role in cancer have been described. In the present review, based on the evidence of SIRT-3 involvement in metabolic dysfunctions, we aimed to provide an insight into the multifaceted role of SIRT-3 in many solid and hematological tumors with a particular focus on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)...
May 19, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526962/prediction-of-surgical-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-liver-resections-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-by-defining-surgical-difficulty
#17
Mohan Periyasamy, Jai Young Cho, Soyeon Ahn, Ho-Seong Han, Yoo-Seok Yoon, YoungRok Choi, Jae Seong Jang, Seong Uk Kwon, Sungho Kim, Jang Kyu Choi, Hanisah Guro
BACKGROUND: Several classification systems for assessing the surgical difficulty of laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) have been proposed. We evaluated three current classification systems, including traditional Major/Minor Classification, Complexity Classification, and the Difficulty Scoring System for predicting the surgical outcomes after LLR. METHODS: We reviewed the clinical data of 301 patients who underwent LLR for hepatocellular carcinoma between March 1, 2004 and June 30, 2015...
May 19, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525904/prognostic-value-of-the-microrna-214-in-multiple-human-cancers-a-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#18
Yajing Feng, Fujiao Duan, Weigang Liu, Xiaoli Fu, Shuli Cui, Zhenxing Yang
Previous studies showed that microRNA-214 (miR-214) may act as a prognostic biomarker of cancer. However, the available evidence is controversial. This study summarizes evidence and evaluates the prognostic role of miR-214 in various cancers. We carried out a systematic literature review and assessed the quality of included studies based on Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medicine Criteria and Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS). Pooled hazard ratios (HRs) with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for overall survival (OS) and disease free survival/progressive free survival/recurrence free survival (DFS/PFS/RFS) were calculated to measure the effective value of miR-214 expression on prognosis...
May 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523296/a-systematic-review-of-the-possible-carcinogenic-role-of-the-aristolochic-acid
#19
Tivadar Bara, Simona Gurzu, Haruhiko Sugimura, Tivadar Bara, Marius Alexandru Beleaua, Ioan Jung
Aristolochic acid (AA) is a bioactive component of Chinese herbs, dietary supplements, slimming pills and contaminated flour, which is known to induce chronic tubulointerstitial disease. AA is also shown to be involved in the genesis of the upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) and some other cancers, but its tumorigenic role is far to be understood. We performed a systematic literature review regarding the involvement of AA in malignant processes and molecular pathways of carcinogenesis. Twenty representative papers were selected for this review...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515345/genetic-factors-associated-with-risk-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#20
REVIEW
Ranran Tang, Heng Liu, Yingdi Yuan, Kaipeng Xie, Pengfei Xu, Xiaoyun Liu, Juan Wen
Although the metabolic syndrome is a commonplace topic, its potential threats to public health is a problem that cannot be neglected. As the living conditions improved significantly over the past few years, the morbidity of metabolic syndrome has also steadily risen, and the onset age is becoming younger. The hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), is one of the most prevalent life-threatening human cancers worldwide, incidence of which is also on the rise, gradually occupied the top of the list associated with metabolic syndrome related complication...
May 23, 2017: Oncotarget
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