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transverse myelitis mri

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322962/etiologic-spectrum-and-prognosis-in-noncompressive-acute-transverse-myelopathies-an-experience-of-80-patients-at-a-tertiary-care-facility
#1
Shuchit Pandey, Ravindra K Garg, Hardeep S Malhotra, Amita Jain, Kiran P Malhotra, Neeraj Kumar, Rajesh Verma, Praveen K Sharma
INTRODUCTION: We evaluated the spectrum of acquired demyelinating and inflammatory disorders in patients presenting with an acute transverse myelopathy. We also studied differences between an acute idiopathic transverse myelitis and myelitis resulting from other etiologies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty consecutive patients with acute transverse myelopathy were included. At inclusion, clinical profile, serum and cerebrospinal fluid parameters, brain and spinal cord magnetic resonance imaging, and visual evoked potentials were obtained...
January 2018: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288492/-leukodystrophy-like-phenotype-in-children-with-myelin-oligodendrocyte-glycoprotein-antibody-associated-disease
#2
Yael Hacohen, Thomas Rossor, Kshitij Mankad, Wk 'Kling' Chong, Andrew Lux, Evangeline Wassmer, Ming Lim, Frederik Barkhof, Olga Ciccarelli, Cheryl Hemingway
AIM: To review the demographics and clinical and paraclinical parameters of children with myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) antibody-associated relapsing disease. METHOD: In this UK-based, multicentre study, 31 children with MOG antibody-associated relapsing disease were studied retrospectively. RESULTS: Of the 31 children studied, 14 presented with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM); they were younger (mean 4.1y) than the remainder (mean 8...
December 30, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260596/transverse-myelitis-following-methotrexate-treatment-of-ectopic-pregnancy-a-case-report
#3
Gabriel Levin, Henry H Chill, Amihai Rottenstreich
OBJECTIVE: Ectopic pregnancy is a common condition in the field of gynaecology, often treated with methotrexate. Adverse effects are common and usually mild. Severe adverse events are rare amongst patients treated with MTX for this condition. CASE: A 26-year-old healthy woman was admitted and treated medically with MTX for an ectopic pregnancy. The patient was treated in the standard drug labelled protocol with an intramuscular injection of 78 mg of MTX according to body surface area...
December 20, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201326/a-challenging-entity-multiple-sclerosis-or-collagen-tissue-disorders-a-case-series-of-6-patients
#4
Raida Ben Salah, Yosra Cherif, Faten Frikha, Dammak Chifaa, Mouna Snoussi, Moez Jallouli, Sameh Marzouk, Mhiri Chokri, Zouhir Bahloul
Background: Multiple sclerosis and other demyelinating processes are sometimes difficult to differentiate from the neurological involvement in autoimmune diseases. Distinguishing multiple sclerosis from other lesions due to autoimmune diseases is crucial to avoid unsuitable or delayed treatments. Methods: Charts of 6 patients diagnosed with mimicking multiple sclerosis between 1996 and 2014 were retrospectively assessed. Results: The mean age at diagnosis was 35±7 years...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196574/clinical-biomarkers-differentiate-myelitis-from-vascular-and-other-causes-of-myelopathy
#5
Paula Barreras, Kathryn C Fitzgerald, Maureen A Mealy, Jorge A Jimenez, Daniel Becker, Scott D Newsome, Michael Levy, Philippe Gailloud, Carlos A Pardo
OBJECTIVE: To assess the predictive value of the initial clinical and paraclinical features in the differentiation of inflammatory myelopathies from other causes of myelopathy in patients with initial diagnosis of transverse myelitis (TM). METHODS: We analyzed the clinical presentation, spinal cord MRI, and CSF features in a cohort of 457 patients referred to a specialized myelopathy center with the presumptive diagnosis of TM. After evaluation, the myelopathies were classified as inflammatory, ischemic/stroke, arteriovenous malformations/fistulas, spondylotic, or other...
January 2, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181601/acute-flaccid-myelitis-etiologic-challenges-diagnostic-and-management-considerations
#6
REVIEW
Sarah E Hopkins
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Purpose of review Acute flaccid myelitis is a polio-like illness defined by the acute onset of flaccid paralysis in the setting spinal MRI demonstrating a longitudinal lesion in the gray matter of the cord. This paper aims to review the current state of knowledge and key clinical points for the diagnosis and management of acute flaccid myelitis. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent findings There were clusters of AFM noted in California and Colorado in 2014, with additional cases across the USA that year, and another spike in cases in 2016...
November 28, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141816/optic-neuritis-with-radiological-longitudinal-spinal-cord-involvement-and-seronegative-anti-aquaporin-antibody-evidence-from-a-case-study
#7
Abdorreza Naser Moghadasi
In recent years, not only the incidence of brain demyelinating disease has increased, but also it seems that the world is facing new forms of autoimmune diseases of the brain. Distinguishing these diseases from each other is very important, since each requires a different treatment. The new criteria that were put forward in 2015 were meant to pave the way for better diagnosis of these diseases called neuromyelitis optica spectrum disease (NMOSD). However, too much emphasis on the criteria based on the convergence and association of radiological findings with the clinical symptoms actually causes confusion in the diagnosis...
November 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135702/relationship-between-sensory-dysfunction-and-walking-speed-in-patients-with-clinically-isolated-syndrome
#8
Magdalena Krbot Skorić, Luka Crnošija, Tereza Gabelić, Ivan Adamec, Mario Habek
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate a relationship between sensory dysfunction examined with somatosensory-evoked potentials of the posterior tibial nerve (tSSEP) and walking speed in patients with clinically isolated syndrome. METHODS: In 120 patients (mean age 32.2 ± 8.7 years, 84 females), Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS), timed 25-foot walk test (T25FW), brain and spinal cord MRI, and tSSEP were performed. P40 latencies and N22a-P40 interlatencies were analyzed, and the z-score for each latency was calculated and combined into total tSSEP z-score...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110994/spinal-cord-involvement-in-primary-cns-lymphoma
#9
Arunmozhimaran Elavarasi, Deepa Dash, Anand R Warrier, Rohit Bhatia, Lalit Kumar, Deepali Jain, Manjari Tripathi
LETM is a common syndrome and the diagnosis of CNS lymphoma is not usually considered in the list of differentials. Primary CNS lymphoma can present as longitudinally extensive transverse myelopathy. Failure to suspect and evaluate leads to delay in diagnosis and treatment. PCNSL may be non contrast enhancing on gadolinium enhanced MRI. CSF analysis should be done preferably before starting corticosteroids as it is usual practice in treatment of transverse myelitis, as steroids may lead to transient improvement and mask the correct diagnosis...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103426/the-spectrum-of-inflammatory-acquired-demyelinating-syndromes-in-children
#10
Rinze Neuteboom, Colin Wilbur, Danielle Van Pelt, Moses Rodriguez, Ann Yeh
Acquired demyelinating syndromes in childhood comprise a spectrum of monophasic and recurrent inflammatory conditions of the central nervous system. Examples of monophasic conditions include, clinically isolated syndromes such as optic neuritis and transverse myelitis, as well as acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, whereas recurrent disorders include entities such as multiple sclerosis and neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder. Knowledge about these disorders has expanded due to rigorously evaluated diagnostic criteria, magnetic resonance imaging features, outcomes, and serum biomarkers in these disorders...
August 2017: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064441/pattern-recognition-of-the-multiple-sclerosis-syndrome
#11
REVIEW
Rana K Zabad, Renee Stewart, Kathleen M Healey
During recent decades, the autoimmune disease neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD), once broadly classified under the umbrella of multiple sclerosis (MS), has been extended to include autoimmune inflammatory conditions of the central nervous system (CNS), which are now diagnosable with serum serological tests. These antibody-mediated inflammatory diseases of the CNS share a clinical presentation to MS. A number of practical learning points emerge in this review, which is geared toward the pattern recognition of optic neuritis, transverse myelitis, brainstem/cerebellar and hemispheric tumefactive demyelinating lesion (TDL)-associated MS, aquaporin-4-antibody and myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG)-antibody NMOSD, overlap syndrome, and some yet-to-be-defined/classified demyelinating disease, all unspecifically labeled under MSsyndrome...
October 24, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025172/-anti-myelin-oligodendrocyte-glycoprotein-antibodies-in-paediatric-patients-with-optic-neuritis
#12
Helmut Tegetmeyer, Andreas Merkenschlager
Background Myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) is located on the surface of oligodendrocytes and myelin in the central nervous system. MOG-IgG is associated with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM), relapsing and bilateral optic neuritis (NNO), and transverse myelitis (TM) in both paediatric and adult patients. The combination of NNO and TM or other inflammatory brain lesions is a typical feature of neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMO-SD) which are associated with specific pathogenic autoantibodies against the water channel aquaporin-4 (AQP4-IgG)...
October 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984755/clinical-and-imaging-features-of-spinal-cord-type-of-neuro-beh%C3%A3-et-disease-a-case-report-and-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Hui-Miao Liu, Ci Dong, Yong-Zhi Zhang, Ya-Yun Tian, Hong-Xu Chen, Sai Zhang, Na Li, Ping Gu
RATIONAL: To investigate the clinical and MRI characteristics of spinal cord nerve Behçet's disease. PATIENT CONCERNS: One patient with spinal cord nerve Behçet's disease was admitted to our hospital at October 20, 2015. DIAGNOSE: Spinal cord nerve Behçet's disease. INTERVENTIONS: Retrospective analysis was performed on such case as well as 16 cases of spinal cord nerve Behçet's disease reported in China or abroad...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978599/unusual-case-of-acute-urinary-retention-in-a-young-female
#14
Belinda Zer Hui Chern, Shivani Rajaraman, Geetika Verma, Kenneth Wei Jian Heng
We report an unusual case of a 17-year-old young female presenting to the emergency department with varicella infection, acute urinary retention (AUR) and no other neurological deficits. An MRI of the spine confirmed the diagnosis of acute transverse myelitis. Positive serum IgG antibodies against varicella zoster virus (VZV) suggested a parainfectious aetiology. The patient eventually developed weakness and a sensory level from the third thoracic dermatome on day 2 of hospitalisation. Awareness that AUR can precede other neurological deficits in VZV transverse myelitis will prevent misdiagnosis and allow for the prompt treatment of this debilitating illness...
October 4, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967297/predictors-of-outcome-in-a-large-retrospective-cohort-of-patients-with-transverse-myelitis
#15
Matteo Gastaldi, Enrico Marchioni, Paola Banfi, Valeria Mariani, Laura Di Lodovico, Roberto Bergamaschi, Enrico Alfonsi, Paola Borrelli, Ottavia Eleonora Ferraro, Elisabetta Zardini, Anna Pichiecchio, Andrea Cortese, Patrick Waters, Mark Woodhall, Mauro Ceroni, Marco Mauri, Diego Franciotta
BACKGROUND: Transverse myelitis (TM) is an inflammatory disorder that can be idiopathic or associated with central nervous system autoimmune/dysimmune inflammatory diseases, connective tissue autoimmune diseases, or post-infectious neurological syndromes. Prognosis of initial TM presentations is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To identify outcome predictors in TM. METHODS: Retrospective study on isolated TM at onset. Scores ⩾3 on the modified Rankin scale (mRS) marked high disability...
September 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954973/anti-myelin-oligodendrocyte-glycoprotein-mog-antibody-positive-varicella-zoster-virus-myelitis-presenting-as-longitudinally-extensive-transverse-myelitis-a-case-report
#16
Yuji Shiga, Teppei Kamimura, Yutaka Shimoe, Toshiyuki Takahashi, Kimihiko Kaneko, Masaru Kuriyama
A 69-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of disturbed consciousness and gait disturbance. He had herpes zoster (HZ) in his left thigh 10 days before admission, and motor paresis of four extremities developed. A dark red rash was observed in his left buttock and thigh (L2-3 region), which was also scattered in the right lower leg, chest wall, and both upper extremities. Brain MRI showed no lesions of demyelinating plaques. Spine MRI showed no abnormal signals in the lumbar region; however, high signals in the spinal cord from the bottom of the medulla oblongata to the upper (Th 2) thoracic region were observed...
October 27, 2017: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918792/-dural-arteriovenous-fistula-is-a-rare-but-treatable-cause-of-transverse-myelitis
#17
Julie Richter Hansen, Lars Poulsgaard, Markus Holtmannspötter, Joan Højgaard, Peer Tfeldt-Hansen
This is a case report of a 60-year-old male admitted on suspicion of relapse of idiopathic transverse myelitis (TM), who after further diagnostic workup underwent successful closure of a dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF). Magnetic resonance imaging in DAVF usually shows longitudinal TM, which, unlike DAVF, is also seen with the more common inflammatory or infectious causes usually showing inflammation in the cerebrospinal fluid. The natural history of DAVF is progressive. Since curable options exist, timely diagnosis is most important...
September 18, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806453/neurologic-complications-associated-with-the-zika-virus-in-brazilian-adults
#18
Ivan Rocha Ferreira da Silva, Jennifer A Frontera, Ana Maria Bispo de Filippis, Osvaldo Jose Moreira do Nascimento
Importance: There are no prospective cohort studies assessing the incidence and spectrum of neurologic manifestations secondary to Zika virus (ZIKV) infection in adults. Objective: To evaluate the rates of acute ZIKV infection among patients hospitalized with Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), meningoencephalitis, or transverse myelitis. Design, Setting, and Participants: A prospective, observational cohort study was conducted at a tertiary referral center for neurological diseases in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, between December 5, 2015, and May 10, 2016, among consecutive hospitalized adults (>18 years of age) with new-onset acute parainfectious or neuroinflammatory disease...
October 1, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801328/cytomegalovirus-related-transverse-myelitis-in-an-immunocompetent-host-a-subacute-onset-of-an-immune-mediated-disease
#19
Xavier Merchan-Del Hierro, Alexandra Halalau
We report a case of transverse myelitis in an immunocompetent host with an atypical long onset of symptoms. A 56-year-old man was admitted to the hospital reporting 5 months of progressive ascending lower extremity weakness and numbness, inability to walk, bowel incontinence,urinary retention and several episodes of nausea and vomiting. MRI showed moderate spinal swelling and multiple hyperintense signal changes on cervical levels C2-C5 and thoracic levels T1-T3. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) showed pleocytosis and was positive for anti-cytomegalovirus (CMV) IgG intrathecal antibodies, but the CSF PCR for CMV was negative...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798719/fulminant-acute-ascending-hemorrhagic-myelitis-treated-with-eculizumab
#20
Nang Boe Ohnmar Hsam, Klemens Angstwurm, Sebastian Peters, Kornelius Fuchs, Gerhard Schuierer, Ulrich Bogdahn, Robert Weissert
We describe an 18-year-old patient who developed back pain, rapidly ascending sensomotory deficits, bladder dysfunction, Lhermitte's sign, absent abdominal reflexes of all three levels, brisk tendon reflexes, and positive Babinski's sign. Magnetic resonance imaging of the spinal cord showed a long segment of cervical and thoracic intramedullary signal hyperintensity suggesting a longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis possibly within the course of a fast progressing ascending immune-mediated hemorrhagic myelopathy...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
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