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mandibular osteomyelitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652766/-chronic-recurrent-multifocal-osteomyelitis-of-the-mandible-a-diagnostic-challenge
#1
Liliana Camison, Rick S Mai, Jesse A Goldstein, Bernard J Costello, Kathryn S Torok, Joseph E Losee
Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is a rare autoinflammatory bone disorder of children and adolescents characterized by mono- or multi-focal inflammatory bone lesions that are culture-negative on biopsy, associated with periods of exacerbation and resolution that can last over several months to years. Although it is predominantly a disease of long bones and the spine, craniofacial involvement is not uncommon, affecting the mandible in up to a fifth of cases. Similarities with other etiologies of osteitis in clinical presentation and imaging, as well as the lack of specific symptoms or laboratory tests, make CRMO mainly a diagnosis of exclusion...
March 28, 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623214/mandibular-osteomyelitis-due-to-raoultella-species
#2
Philip W Lam, Manal Tadros, Ignatius W Fong
Introduction: Raoultella is a genus of aerobic Gram-negative bacilli belonging to the family Enterobacteriaceae that are commonly found in water, soil and aquatic environments. With improved bacterial identification techniques, Raoultella species (namely R. planticola and R. ornithinolytica ) have been an increasingly reported cause of infections in humans. Case presentation: An 85-year-old man presented to hospital with a several-week history of left jaw pain and trismus...
March 2018: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546339/hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-as-an-adjunct-for-treating-an-individual-with-poorly-healing-bilateral-mandibular-fractures-suspect-of-developing-towards-osteomyelitis-a-case-report-and-clinical-experience
#3
Christopher J Rendina
Purpose: To present a case that benefited from utilizing hyperbaric oxygen therapy in conjunction with antibiotics for a non-healing mandibular fracture that was highly suspicious of osteomyelitis. Also, to discuss research set forth by Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society that supports the use hyperbaric oxygen in such cases. Case: A 25-year-old male status post fist to face resulting in bilateral mandibular fracture. He underwent two surgeries in an attempt to plate the fracture with the assistance of a bone graft...
March 13, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544592/mandibular-osteomyelitis-as-a-complication-of-ramsay-hunt-syndrome-in-an-elderly-patient
#4
Sonia Nath, Jayant Prakash, Narendra Nath Singh, Virendra Kumar Prajapati
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435520/chronic-non-suppurative-mandibular-osteomyelitis-with-proliferative-periostitis-a-review
#5
Ihsène Taihi, Loredana Radoi
Chronic non-suppurative osteomyelitis (CNSO) is a chronic bone disease and may be associated with a reparative periosteum entity called proliferative periostitis (PP). This condition rarely affects the maxillofacial region. Mandibular cases were already described for an infectious dental cause, often with an "onion skin" radiographic aspect, but some rare reported cases showed no obvious etiology. They represent a challenge for diagnosis because of possible misdiagnosis leading to unsuccessful or inappropriate treatment attempts...
February 12, 2018: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429233/-clinical-application-of-vacuum-sealing-drainage-combined-with-chymotrypsin-in-the-treatment-of-post-traumatic-mandibular-osteomyelitis
#6
L Ma, P Hu, Z Q Wu, X Z Song
This article introduces the combined application of vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) and chymotrypsin in the treatment of post-operative mandibular osteomyelitis. The lesion was washed by chymotrypsin (4000U) and saline (500 ml). VSD is effective in the treatment of traumatic mandibular osteomyelitis. This study investigates the effect of VSD combined with chymotrypsin in the treatment of patients with osteomyelitis after mandibular trauma. It is proved that it has a good effect in ensuring drainage, controlling infection and retaining internal fixation, and can create a good environment for fracture healing...
February 9, 2018: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399678/chronic-non-suppurative-mandibular-osteomyelitis-with-proliferative-periostitis-a-review
#7
Ihsène Taihi, Loredana Radoi
Chronic non-suppurative osteomyelitis (CNSO) is a chronic bone disease and may be associated with a reparative periosteum entity called proliferative periostitis (PP). This condition rarely affects the maxillofacial region. Mandibular cases were already described for an infectious dental cause, often with an "onion skin" radiographic aspect, but some rare reported cases showed no obvious etiology. They represent a challenge for diagnosis because of possible misdiagnosis leading to unsuccessful or inappropriate treatment attempts...
2018: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387665/mandibular-involvement-in-recurrent-multifocal-osteomyelitis-associated-with-sapho-syndrome
#8
Igor-Moreira Hazboun, Thiago-Pires Brito, Vanessa-Gonçalves Silva, Carlos-Eduardo-Monteiro Zappelini, Leopoldo-Nizam Pfeilsticker
Introduction: SAPHO syndrome is defined as the association of a group of rare sterile osteoarticular disorders and inflammatory skin diseases whose etiology, although not yet determined, probably involves genetic, immunological and infectious mechanisms. The recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis, an inflammatory disease, can be associated with this syndrome even as a single event. Case Report: A case of a young female patient, with a definite diagnosis of SAPHO and an inflammatory mandibular atypical disease for which therapeutic options with immunosuppressants were being used, is reported...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373202/reconstruction-of-the-mandibular-condyle-using-the-microvascular-lateral-femoral-condyle-flap
#9
S Enzinger, H Bürger, A Gaggl
The lateral femoral condyle (LFC) flap is a new flap first reported in 2015 for the treatment of osteomyelitis in hand surgery. This paper introduces a technique of osteochondral LFC flap harvest for mandibular condyle reconstruction and reports on the use of this flap in temporomandibular joint reconstruction. For condyle resection, a pre-auricular approach saving the temporal artery and vein is performed. A step osteotomy technique is used for condyle resection. LFC harvesting starts with dissection of the popliteal artery and vein...
May 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184736/the-reconstruction-of-the-donor-site-of-dp-flap-using-thoracodorsal-artery-perforator-flap
#10
Masayuki Okochi, Hiromi Okochi, Takao Sakaba, Kazuki Ueda
We performed a new procedure for reconstruction of donor site of a deltopectoral (DP) flap. A 58-year-old man presented with a wide subcutaneous abscess, which was caused by acute mandibular osteomyelitis due to dental caries. On admission, the patient received a neck incision for drainage. However, necrosis of the neck skin was observed after drainage. The patient had an 8 × 10 cm skin and soft-tissue defect, which we covered with a DP flap (15 × 7 cm). The DP flap donor site was reconstructed using a 16 × 8 cm pedicled thoracodorsal artery perforator (TDAP) flap...
October 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167684/demographic-profile-of-non-odontogenic-jaw-lesions-in-an-iranian-population-a-30-year-archive-review
#11
Fereshteh Baghai Naini, Pouyan Aminishakib, Maedeh Ghorbanpour, Mohammad Mehdi Vakili, Mohammad Javad Kharazifard
Objectives: The frequency of non-odontogenic lesions of the jawbones is lower than that of odontogenic lesions; however, study of the epidemiologic data of these lesions is required for health care programs. This study aimed to assess the relative frequency and demographic profile of non-odontogenic jaw lesions in an Iranian population over a 30-year period. Materials and Methods: This archive review was performed using demographic and biopsy information of all patients with non-odontogenic lesions of the jawbones submitted to the Oral Pathology Department of Dental School of Tehran University of Medical Sciences from 1984 to 2014...
May 2017: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122502/clinical-and-pathologic-analyses-of-tuberculosis-in-the-oral-cavity-report-of-11-cases
#12
Wu-Tong Ju, Yong Fu, Ying Liu, Yi-Ran Tan, Min-Jun Dong, Li-Zhen Wang, Jiang Li, Lai-Ping Zhong
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze tuberculosis (TB) in the oral cavity according to clinical appearance, clinical differential diagnosis, treatment, and outcome. STUDY DESIGN: We enrolled 11 patients with TB in the oral cavity between November 2012 and November 2016. Glossal lymphoid TB was excluded. Clinical symptoms, auxiliary examinations, treatments, and outcomes were recorded and analyzed. RESULTS: The study population comprised 6 men and 5 women, with a mean age of 59 years...
January 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035648/treatment-of-mandibular-osteomyelitis-in-two-red-necked-wallabies-macropus-rufogriseus-by-means-of-intensive-long-term-parenteral-drug-administration-and-serial-computed-tomographic-monitoring
#13
Lauren P Kane, Jennifer N Langan, Michael J Adkesson, Sathya K Chinnadurai, Benjamin N Nevitt, Randi Drees
CASE DESCRIPTION 2 female red-necked wallabies (Macropus rufogriseus) were evaluated because of sudden-onset mandibular swelling, ptyalism, and hyporexia. CLINICAL FINDINGS Physical examination revealed a mandibular swelling with a fluctuant center in both wallabies. Hematologic analysis revealed leukocytosis with a mature neutrophilia and monocytosis in one wallaby (case 1) and a slight neutrophilia, hyperglobulinemia, and high serum alanine aminotransferase activity in the other (case 2). Cytologic examination of the swelling revealed a uniform population of gram-negative rods in case 1 and neutrophilic inflammation in case 2...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938329/mandibular-osteomyelitis-and-cervical-lymphadenitis-due-to-mycobacterium-abscessus-surgical-management-of-a-pediatric-cohort-with-a-shared-epidemiologic-exposure
#14
Peter W Thompson, Joseph K Williams
BACKGROUND: Mycobacterium abscessus has been implicated as the cause of various infections in the setting of healthcare-related "outbreaks." Mandibular osteomyelitis caused by M abscessus is exceedingly rare, with only 1 patient reported in the literature. The authors describe the surgical management of 12 pediatric patients with M abscessus-related mandibular osteomyelitis and cervical lymphadenitis caused by exposure to contaminated water at a regional dental clinic. METHODS: Following institutional review board approval, new suspected patients were reviewed and followed prospectively...
November 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903524/pediatric-dental-clinic-associated-outbreak-of-mycobacterium-abscessus-infection
#15
Lindsay A Hatzenbuehler, Melissa Tobin-D'Angelo, Cherie Drenzek, Gianna Peralta, Lisa C Cranmer, Evan J Anderson, Sarah S Milla, Shelly Abramowicz, Jumi Yi, Joseph Hilinski, Roy Rajan, Matthew K Whitley, Verlia Gower, Frank Berkowitz, Craig A Shapiro, Joseph K Williams, Paula Harmon, Andi L Shane
Background: Mycobacterium abscessus is an uncommon cause of invasive odontogenic infection. Methods: M abscessus-associated odontogenic infections occurred in a group of children after they each underwent a pulpotomy. A probable case-child was defined as a child with facial or neck swelling and biopsy-confirmed granulomatous inflammation after a pulpotomy between October 1, 2013, and September 30, 2015. M abscessus was isolated by culture in confirmed case-children...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888478/mandibular-coronoidectomy-could-significantly-accelerate-the-healing-process-of-infratemporal-fossa-abscess
#16
Yi-Wen Liu, Krishna Prasad Regmi, Ming-Chao Ding, Yan Li, Lei Tian, Bo-Lei Cai
PURPOSE: Management of an infratemporal fossa abscess (IFA), which is a specific form of severe and advanced deep fascial space infection (DFI), is based mainly on traditional methods. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of mandibular coronoidectomy in accelerating IFA healing. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This research is a single-center retrospective study composed of 23 patients with IFA. The predictor variables were gender, age, diabetes, severity score, and mandibular coronoidectomy...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807049/oral-manifestations-dental-management-and-a-rare-homozygous-mutation-of-the-prdm12-gene-in-a-boy-with-hereditary-sensory-and-autonomic-neuropathy-type-viii-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
Karim Elhennawy, Seif Reda, Christian Finke, Luitgard Graul-Neumann, Paul-Georg Jost-Brinkmann, Theodosia Bartzela
BACKGROUND: Hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy type VIII is a rare autosomal recessive inherited disorder. Chen et al. recently identified the causative gene and characterized biallelic mutations in the PR domain-containing protein 12 gene, which plays a role in the development of pain-sensing nerve cells. Our patient's family was included in Chen and colleagues' study. We performed a literature review of the PubMed library (January 1985 to December 2016) on hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy type I to VIII genetic disorders and their orofacial manifestations...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754378/chronic-fibrosing-osteomyelitis-of-the-jaws-an-important-cause-of-recalcitrant-facial-pain-a-clinicopathologic-study-of-331-cases-in-227-patients
#18
Lawrence I Goldblatt, William R Adams, Kenneth J Spolnik, Kevin A Deardorf, Edwin T Parks
OBJECTIVE: This was a retrospective and follow-up analysis of 331 cases of chronic fibrosing osteomyelitis of the jaws (CFOJ) in 227 patients. STUDY DESIGN: Demographic, clinical, surgical, and microscopic characteristics were tabulated for all patients. A follow-up mail survey was used to determine the degree of symptom relief experienced after surgery. RESULTS: The female to male ratio approached 7:1, and mean age of patients was 53 years...
June 8, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675846/chronic-nonbacterial-osteomyelitis-involving-the-mandible-a-case-report
#19
Gabriele Bocchialini, Luca Ferrari, Manuela Rossini, Anna Bozzola, Dante Burlini
INTRODUCTION: Chronic nonbacterial osteomyelitis (CNO) or chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO), is a very rare condition of unknown aetiology. It is characterised by focal sterile inflammatory disease with prolonged, self-limiting and recurrent episodes. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the discovery of this very rare disease following a mandibular abscess in a 10-year-old female. We initially focus on the difference between the preoperative orthopantomography and the maxillofacial computed tomography and magnetic resonance images obtained, and then on the improvement of strategies for correct diagnosis and treatment of this disease...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647850/wound-healing-protein-profiles-in-the-postoperative-exudate-of-bisphosphonate-related-osteonecrosis-of-mandible
#20
Soung Min Kim, Mi Young Eo, Yun Ju Cho, Yeon Sook Kim, Suk Keun Lee
Recurrent bacterial infections in cases of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of jaw (BRONJ) frequently occur. Therefore, BRONJ are usually treated by radical saucerization followed by intensive antibiotic medications without bisphosphonate therapy. The postoperative exudate (POE) from BRONJ lesions may directly indicate the inflammatory status of osteomyelitis in patients, but so far, the POE has rarely been examined for its expression of various cytokines and wound healing proteins. A total of 27 cases of BRONJ, which involved the mandible, were selected and their individual POE collected 6 h, 1 day, and 2 days after surgical intervention was analyzed by immunoprecipitation high performance liquid chromatography (IP-HPLC)...
June 24, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
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