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F Ishida, Y Ukai, T Shimizu
AIM: To investigate the developmental process of palate morphology, including the alveolar ridge, in healthy infants for the predental period of 7 months from immediately after birth. METHODS: The subjects were 32 healthy infants. Four or more dental casts were taken of each subject from immediately after birth until 7 months, for a total of 144 dental casts. Twelve characteristics were then measured in order to morphologically study the subjects' palate development...
June 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Susan G Reed, Joan E Cunningham, Thao N Latham, Susannah C Shirer, Carol L Wagner
The purpose of this study was to investigate infant oral mutans streptococci (MS) by feeding method and by the mother's oral MS status. For this cross-sectional data collection, full-term infants at 4-6 weeks of age and their mothers were tested for oral MS using the Dentocult(®) SM chairside test (Orion Diagnostica, Espoo, Finland). For the 104 mother-infant pairs (68 breastfed, 36 formula-fed), the two groups differed by mother's race/ethnicity (p=0.006) but not by delivery mode, level of care at birth, or MS in the mothers or the infants...
November 2014: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
Kalyani Premkumar, Punam Pahwa, Ankona Banerjee, Kellen Baptiste, Hitesh Bhatt, Hyun J Lim
The purpose of this study was to identify changes in dental students' self-directed learning (SDL) readiness during their education. Guglielmino's SDL readiness scale (SDLRS) was completed at admission by dental students at the University of Saskatchewan and at the end of each year of training. The response rates varied from year to year. Between twenty-seven and thirty students completed the questionnaire each year at admission (93-100 percent of the entering class). The numbers of participants were lower in succeeding years: numbers used for analysis ranged from eleven to twenty-six; years in which fewer than eleven students participated were not included in the analysis...
June 2014: Journal of Dental Education
Ann L McCann, Ernestine S Lacy, Barbara H Miller
A study was conducted at Texas A&M University Baylor College of Dentistry (TAMBCD) in fall 2011 to identify the reasons underrepresented minority (URM) students chose to attend TAMBCD, the factors that supported their success as enrolled students, and their perceptions of the institution's cultural climate. A survey distributed online to all URM students received a 79 percent response rate (129/164). The respondents were primarily Hispanic (62 percent Mexican American and other Hispanic) and African American (33 percent) and had attended a college pipeline program (53 percent)...
March 2014: Journal of Dental Education
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1951: Journal of Dental Education
Anneke M Metz
Southern Illinois University's Medical and Dental Education Program (MEDPREP) has helped nearly 1,000 students underrepresented in medicine matriculate into medical or dental school since its inception in 1972. All MEDPREP students are from socioeconomically disadvantaged backgrounds, and approximately 90% are African American, Hispanic or Latino, or Native American. The program's success indicates underrepresented students whose undergraduate records deem them unacceptable as prospective medical school students in fact can, with intervention, go on to successfully practice medicine...
2013: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
C Li, J Zheng, C Guo, J Ling, H Yu, J Zhang, B Tai, T Hou, G Tang, W Sun, S Wang
The Society of Dental Education, Chinese Stomatological Association has formulated the Standards of Clinical Practice for Chinese Undergraduate Students Majoring in Stomatology, on the basis of extensively soliciting the views of experts in various fields. The aim of this standard is to guide clinical teaching and improve teaching quality in schools of stomatology in China. The standards include eight parts: the standard of clinical practice for oral and maxillofacial surgery, for cariology and endodontics, for periodontics, for the oral mucosa diseases, for preventive dentistry, for pedodontology, for prosthodontics and for oral imageology...
May 2014: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
R P C Suen, S M L Lai, S Bridges, C H Chu
AIM: To study the students' satisfaction with the week-long summer programme and the importance of common influencing factors (IFs) for choosing dentistry as their career. METHODS: Anonymous questionnaire was given to all 214 participants in July of 2011 and 2012. Demographic information including gender, age and education level was collected. The students were asked about their satisfaction with the programme with separate ratings for learning experiences, including hands-on workshops (HOW); clinic observations (CO); problem-based learning tutorials (PBL); and lectures (L)...
May 2014: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
Kimberly P Johnson, Marilyn Woolfolk, Kenneth B May, Marita R Inglehart
The objectives of this study were to explore whether Dental Admission Test (DAT) training in an enrichment program for potential dental students increases the participants' Perceptual Achievement Test (PAT) and academic average (AA) scores and whether the length of the program and personal factors such as the number of disadvantages correlate with the DAT scores. Data were collected from 361 students in the summer enrichment program at one dental school between 1994 and 2011. Their baseline, midpoint, and end of program PAT and AA DAT scores were collected...
August 2013: Journal of Dental Education
Vlasta Merglová, Daniel Hrušák, Ludmila Boudová, Petr Mukenšnabl, Eva Valentová, Lubor Hostička
BACKGROUND: Langerhans cell histiocytosis is a rare disease characterized by monoclonal proliferation and migration of special dendritic cells. This disease primarily affects bones, but occurs less frequently in other organ systems or may manifest as a multisystem disease. CASE REPORTS: Extraoral and intraoral symptoms of Langerhans cell histiocytosis are described in a 13-month-old female and a 5-month-old male infant. Dermatitis was found on the scalp, abdomen, flexures and in intertrigineous areas in both patients...
March 2014: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Henry A Gremillion
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: LDA Journal
Mildred A McClain, Francis R Jones, Clifford R McClain, Francis M Curd
Adequately providing for the health care of the growing minority population in the United States requires increased racial and ethnic diversity of the health care workforce. Long-term diversity in the dental profession depends on a more diverse student population in dental schools. The University of Nevada, Las Vegas School of Dental Medicine's (UNLV SDM) Dental Prospects Club is a predental education program that has increased the number of underrepresented minority and disadvantaged students in the school by concentrating on outreach, recruitment, and retention initiatives...
May 2013: Journal of Dental Education
Allan J Formicola
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2013: Journal of Dental Education
John E Lueth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2013: Northwest Dentistry
Melanie W Gironda, Carol A Bibb, Karen Lefever, Clarice Law, Diana Messadi
There is a continuing shortage of academic dentists due to myriad factors. However, each graduating class of dental students includes a select group who choose to explore academic positions. It is this group of potential academic dentists that a four-year R25 initiative, funded by the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, has targeted with the intent of increasing their numbers and mentoring them for success in a future faculty position. The aims of the program at the School of Dentistry, University of California, Los Angeles, are to target and recruit potential clinician-scientists and to design and implement an Academic Track (AT) that complements existing clinical and research training with the comprehensive skill set of pedagogical, organizational, and personal strategies necessary to be successful in an academic career...
March 2013: Journal of Dental Education
David Paul
BACKGROUND: This paper provides an overview of the long-term strategies that have been in place at the University of Western Australia, which aim to build the capacity and preparedness of the health-care workforce in Aboriginal health. In 1996, the Centre for Aboriginal Medical and Dental Health was established within the Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences to implement a comprehensive approach to Aboriginal health. METHODS: The initial focus was on developing recruitment and retention strategies that meaningfully address the significant under-representation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in the medical and broader health professions...
January 2013: ANZ Journal of Surgery
Takashi Komabayashi, Chul Ahn, Kang-Ju Kim, Hyo-Won Oh
This study aimed to compare the dental curriculum of the traditional six-year system with that of the new four-year (graduate-entry) system in South Korea. There are 11 dental schools in South Korea: six are public and five are private. Eight offer the new four-year program and the other three offer the traditional six-year program. Descriptive analyses were conducted using bibliographic data and local information along with statistical analyses such as chi-square tests. In the six-year programs, clinical dentistry subjects were taught almost equally in practical and didactic courses, while the basic science courses were taught more often as practical courses (P < 0...
2012: Journal of Oral Science
Ernestine S Lacy, Ann L McCann, Barbara H Miller, Eric Solomon, Jayne S Reuben
It is well known that there is a large disparity between the proportions of African Americans, Hispanics, and American Indians in the general U.S. population and in the nation's dental profession. While these underrepresented minorities (URMs) together make up almost 30 percent of the population, they comprise only about 6 percent of U.S. dentists. For years, the American Dental Education Association has been diligently working with U.S. dental schools to reduce this disparity by increasing the diversity of their student bodies...
May 2012: Journal of Dental Education
K A Plonka, M L Pukallus, A G Barnett, L J Walsh, T H Holcombe, W K Seow
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate the colonization of mutans streptococci (MS) and lactobacilli (LB) in predentate children from the neonatal period to 7 months. METHODS: A total of 957 mother-and-child pairs were recruited from birth and followed up at 7 months. The 283 children who did not have erupted teeth at the second visit were included in the study. Oral mucosal swabs were taken, and the presence of MS and LB was determined using a commercial microbiological culture kit...
2012: Caries Research
Chrissy Tiller
In what may be a unique educational career path, this current dental student combined predental course requirements with courses and a master's thesis in applied medical ethics prior to entering dental education. This background has led to leadership opportunities in designing and teaching the ethics program in dental school and in the American Student Dental Association. The view of ethics from the students', rather than the practitioners', perspective is certainly formative to the future of the profession...
2011: Journal of the American College of Dentists
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