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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822343/the-control-of-disinfection-byproducts-and-their-precursors-in-biologically-active-filtration-processes
#1
REVIEW
Chao Liu, Christopher I Olivares, Ameet J Pinto, Chance V Lauderdale, Jess Brown, Meric Selbes, Tanju Karanfil
While disinfection provides hygienically safe drinking water, the disinfectants react with inorganic or organic precursors, leading to the formation of harmful disinfection byproducts (DBPs). Biological filtration is a process in which an otherwise conventional granular filter is designed to remove not only fine particulates but also dissolved organic matters (e.g., DBP precursors) through microbially mediated degradation. Recently, applications of biofiltration in drinking water treatment have increased significantly...
August 4, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822311/lingular-segment-torsion-following-a-left-upper-division-segmentectomy
#2
Naohiro Taira, Hidenori Kawasaki, Sayako Takahara, Tomonori Furugen, Takaharu Ichi, Kazuaki Kushi, Tomofumi Yohena, Tsutomu Kawabata
INTRODUCTION: Numerous publications regarding lung torsion have reported lobar torsion after lobectomy. On the other hand, torsion of the remaining segment after segmentectomy is extremely rare. We herein report a rare case of lingular segment torsion following a left upper division segmentectomy. CASE: A 68-year old female underwent thoracoscopic segmentectomy of the left upper division. She underwent chest radiography immediately after the initial surgery, which revealed complete expansion on the operated side...
August 4, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822304/a-flow-through-elevated-temperature-and-pressure-nmr-apparatus-for-in-situ-co2-sequestration-studies
#3
Erika L Sesti, Jinlei Cui, Sophia E Hayes, Mark S Conradi
We report an apparatus for in-situ nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) studies of chemical reactions of dissolved (13)CO2 with minerals (rock or powder) under continuous flow. The operating range of the apparatus is 18-150°C and 1-140bar. A flow pump is used to circulate a CO2-water solution, with a heated mixing vessel where CO2 gas equilibrates with a water solution. The NMR probe is built around a strong zirconia ceramic vessel, with o-ring sealed connections; the mineral is contained inside. The horizontal orientation of the zirconia vessels allows use of a radio frequency (rf) solenoid for improved spin sensitivity...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822285/conversion-of-raw-and-untreated-disposal-into-ethanol
#4
Saurabh Sudha Dhiman, Aditi David, Namita Shrestha, Glenn R Johnson, Kenneth M Benjamin, Venkataramana Gadhamshetty, Rajesh K Sani
The one-pot CRUDE (Conversion of Raw and Untreated Disposal into Ethanol) process was developed for simultaneous hydrolysis and fermentation of unprocessed food waste into ethanol using thermophilic (growing at 65°C) anaerobic bacteria. Unlike existing waste to energy technologies, the CRUDE process obviates the need for any pre-treatment or enzyme addition. A High-Temperature-High-Pressure (HTHP) distillation technique was also applied that facilitated efficient use of fermentation medium, inoculum recycling, and in-situ ethanol collection...
July 21, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822263/the-most-important-factor-in-producing-clubhead-speed-in-golf
#5
Christopher Joyce
Substantial experiential research into x-factor, and to a lesser extent crunch-factor has been undertaken with the aim of increasing clubhead speed. However, a direct comparison of the golf swing kinematics associated with each 'factor' has not, and possible differences when using a driver compared to an iron. Fifteen low handicap male golfers who displayed a modern swing had their golf swing kinematic data measured when hitting their own driver and five-iron, using a 10-camera motion analysis system operating at 250Hz...
August 16, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822252/removal-of-gadolinium-a-neutron-poison-from-the-moderator-system-of-nuclear-reactors
#6
A L Rufus, Padma S Kumar, K Jeena, S Velmurugan
Gadolinium as gadolinium nitrate is used as neutron poison in the moderator system for regulating and controlling the power generation of Pressurized Heavy Water Reactors (PHWR) and proposed to be used in Advanced Heavy Water Reactors (AHWR) owing to its high neutron absorption cross section. Removal of the added gadolinium nitrate (Gd(3+) and NO3(-)) from the system after its intended use is done using ion exchange resins. In the present investigation, attempts have been made to optimize the ion exchange process for generation of low radioactive waste and maximize utilization of the ion exchange resins by employing different types of resins and different modes of operation...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822244/new-insights-into-the-enhanced-performance-of-high-solid-anaerobic-digestion-with-dewatered-sludge-by-thermal-hydrolysis-organic-matter-degradation-and-methanogenic-pathways
#7
Sisi Chen, Ning Li, Bin Dong, Wentao Zhao, Lingling Dai, Xiaohu Dai
Two lab-scale high solid anaerobic digesters fed with untreated sludge (R1) and thermally hydrolyzed sludge (R2) were operated to investigate the influence of thermal hydrolysis pretreatment (THP) on the degradation of individual macromolecular organic components (MOCs), as well as the functional and metabolic responses of microbes during anaerobic digestion (AD). The degradation of MOCs was improved by THP at different rates, in which improved degradation of proteins (by 49.0%) and hemicelluloses (by 25.0%) were the main factors contributing to the increase in volatile solids (VS) reduction...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822224/is-it-necessary-for-all-samples-to-quantify-25ohd2-and-25ohd3-using-lc-ms-ms-in-clinical-practice
#8
Songlin Yu, Ruiping Zhang, Weiyan Zhou, Xinqi Cheng, Qian Cheng, Liangyu Xia, Shaowei Xie, Yicong Yin, Dandan Sun, Wei Su, Ling Qiu
BACKGROUND: The demand for vitamin D testing is increasing in China. Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) immunoassay is specific and accurate but requires expensive equipment, experienced operators, and complicated pretreatment of serum. Automated immunoassays are simple and convenient but only determine total 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD). The objective of this study was to quantify 25OHD2 and 25OHD3 in patients to assist clinical physicians and laboratory directors in choosing the most appropriate method to determine 25OHD...
August 19, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822217/using-a-novel-technology-for-disaster-staff-notification
#9
Stephen C Morris, Janice K Pelley, Steven H Mitchell
Notification of backup staff and determining their ability to augment frontline staff is a major component of any disaster plan. However, the communication and organization of this effort has many challenges. These include communication system overload, the disaster setting, disrupted transportation, and staffing impacts on normal operations. An optimal disaster notification system must have the ability to be modified to include all hazards and the unique environment in which the plan is being made. This article highlights a unique disaster staff notification system using a novel technology, an outside administrator, and a multilayer system of redundant communication...
January 2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822213/liberia-national-disaster-preparedness-coordination-exercise-implementing-lessons-learned-from-the-west-african-disaster-preparedness-initiative
#10
Melinda J Morton Hamer, Paul L Reed, Jane D Greulich, Charles W Beadling
OBJECTIVE: In light of the recent Ebola outbreak, there is a critical need for effective disaster management systems in Liberia and other West African nations. To this end, the West Africa Disaster Preparedness Initiative held a disaster management exercise in conjunction with the Liberian national government on November 24-25, 2015. DESIGN: During this tabletop exercise (TTX), interactions within and between the 15 counties and the Liberian national government were conducted and observed to refine and validate the county and national standard operating procedures (SOPs)...
January 2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822160/-effects-of-active-components-group-of-xiaoxuming-decoction-on-brain-mitochondria-in-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion-rats-during-early-recovery-period
#11
Xiao Du, Chang Lu, Xiao-Li He, Guan-Hua Du
To observe the effect of active components group of Xiaoxuming decoction (XXMD) on brain mitochondria in cerebral ischemia/reperfusion rats during early recovery period, and study its protective mechanism for nerves in cerebral ischemia/reperfusion rats during early recovery period. Cerebral ischemia model of middle cerebral artery occlusion in rats was established by suture method, and reperfusion was conducted 2 h later. The degree of cerebral ischemia in rats was evaluated by using Zea-Longa's standard grading method, and the model rats were randomly divided into model group, Xiaoxuming decoction active components low, medium and high dose groups and positive drug Ginaton group, with sham operated rats as control group...
June 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822143/-research-progress-of-rapid-detection-of-ochratoxin-a-and-its-application-prospect-in-traditional-chinese-medicine
#12
REVIEW
Shu-Rong Hu, Guang-Yao Ying, Yu-Li Hu, Shi-Hai Yang, Mei-Hua Yang
Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a toxic secondary metabolite mainly produced by Aspergillus and Penicillium species, with strong renal toxicity, teratogenic, carcinogenic, mutagenic effect. Studies have shown that OTA is not only widely contaminated in food and feed crops, but also has been widely contaminated in Chinese herbal medicines such as spices, licorice and so on. In view of OTA's universality and harmfulness, this paper summarizes the flow visualization test strip, microsphere, electrochemical sensor, surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy technology in OTA rapid detection, which provides reference for the research and application of high throughout detection instrument miniaturization in order to achieve OTA quick detection and simple operation...
June 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822133/isotopically-nonstationary-metabolic-flux-analysis-inst-mfa-of-photosynthesis-and-photorespiration-in-plants
#13
Fangfang Ma, Lara J Jazmin, Jamey D Young, Doug K Allen
Photorespiration is a central component of photosynthesis; however to better understand its role it should be viewed in the context of an integrated metabolic network rather than a series of individual reactions that operate independently. Isotopically nonstationary (13)C metabolic flux analysis (INST-MFA), which is based on transient labeling studies at metabolic steady state, offers a comprehensive platform to quantify plant central metabolism. In this chapter, we describe the application of INST-MFA to investigate metabolism in leaves...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822084/giant-biatrial-myxoma-with-two-different-gross-findings
#14
Taiyo Kuroda, Yukifusa Yokoyama, Satoshi Yuhara, Hideyuki Okawa, Hiroki Hasegawa, Jun Yokote, Shuji Tamaki, Shinji Mii
We experienced a giant biatrial myxoma concomitant with hepatocellular carcinoma. Most of myxomas originate from the left atrium, and biatrial myxomas are extremely rare. Excision of the giant cardiac tumor was performed to avoid risks of life-threatening complications. The resected mass was grossly composed of two parts with the border of interatrial septum and with the shape of peanut shell. Although microscopic examinations revealed enlarged vessels, hemorrhages and hemosiderosis in the left part and high cellularity with chronic inflammation in the right part, spindle-shaped cells in a loose myxoid stroma were observed in both parts of the tumor, consistent with the diagnosis of myxoma...
August 18, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822052/bariatric-surgery-worldwide-baseline-demographic-description-and-one-year-outcomes-from-the-second-ifso-global-registry-report-2013-2015
#15
Richard Welbourn, Dimitri J Pournaras, John Dixon, Kelvin Higa, Robin Kinsman, Johan Ottosson, Almino Ramos, Bart van Wagensveld, Peter Walton, Rudolf Weiner, Natan Zundel
BACKGROUND: Five International Federation for the Surgery of Obesity and Metabolic Disorders (IFSO) surveys since 1998 have estimated the volume and type of bariatric surgery being done in constituent member countries. These reports did not include baseline demographic descriptions. METHODS: An IFSO Global Registry pilot project in 2014 demonstrated that it was possible to amalgamate large numbers of individual patient data from different local and national database systems...
August 18, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822008/label-free-sensing-and-classification-of-old-stored-blood
#16
Jun Hong Park, Taesik Go, Sang Joon Lee
Transfusion is crucial in surgical operation and anemia treatment. However, several hemorheological properties of blood are adversely altered during blood storage. After transfusion, these adverse alterations are related with decrease of oxygen and ion transport in blood circulation, which increase the mortality of transfused patients. Therefore, accurate sensing of whether a blood supply is still viable for transfusion or not is extremely important. In this study, a H-shaped microfluidic device and digital in-line holographic microscopy were employed to measure temporal variations of blood viscosity and the optical focusing property of erythrocytes during blood storage...
August 18, 2017: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821993/segmentation-of-breast-ultrasound-images-based-on-active-contours-using-neutrosophic-theory
#17
Mahsa Lotfollahi, Masoumeh Gity, Jing Yong Ye, A Mahlooji Far
PURPOSE: Ultrasound imaging is an effective approach for diagnosing breast cancer, but it is highly operator-dependent. Recent advances in computer-aided diagnosis have suggested that it can assist physicians in diagnosis. Definition of the region of interest before computer analysis is still needed. Since manual outlining of the tumor contour is tedious and time-consuming for a physician, developing an automatic segmentation method is important for clinical application. METHODS: The present paper represents a novel method to segment breast ultrasound images...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821988/presentation-and-management-of-symptomatic-central-bone-cement-embolization
#18
Ahmed Samir Barakat, Tamer Owais, Mohamed Alhashash, Mootaz Shousha, Hesham El Saghir, Bernward Lauer, Heinrich Boehm
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: With more cement augmentation procedures done, the occurrence of serious complications is also expected to rise. Symptomatic central cement embolization is a rare but very serious complication. Moreover, the pathophysiology and treatment of intrathoracic cement embolism remain controversial. PURPOSE: In this case series, we are trying to identify various presentations and suggest our emergent management scheme for symptomatic central cement embolization...
August 18, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821987/morphological-anatomy-of-thoracolumbar-nerve-roots-and-dorsal-root-ganglia
#19
Lina Leng, Li Liu, Daowen Si
The aim of this study is to ascertain the anatomic parameters of the spinal roots and dorsal root ganglia and to demonstrate their clinical significance. Samples from 24 adult autopsy subjects were obtained from roots and dorsal root ganglia at levels L1 through L5. The anatomic parameters of epidural nerve roots: the distance between the epidural nerve roots and the proximal edge of the dorsal root ganglia and the average diameter of the nerve root gradually, increased from L1 to L5. The midline nerve root angle gradually decreased from L1 to L5...
August 18, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821966/application-of-transcutaneous-ultrasonography-for-the-diagnosis-of-muscle-mass-loss-in-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis
#20
Kazufumi Kobayashi, Hitoshi Maruyama, Soichiro Kiyono, Sadahisa Ogasawara, Eiichiro Suzuki, Yoshihiko Ooka, Tetsuhiro Chiba, Naoya Kato, Tadashi Yamaguchi
BACKGROUND: To propose an ultrasound-based parameter for the diagnosis of muscle mass loss (MML) in cirrhosis. METHODS: This is an IRB-approved cross-sectional study (October 2013 to January 2017) with written informed consent including 357 subjects-234 cirrhosis and 123 controls. MML was diagnosed using the skeletal muscle index at the L3 level (L3-SMI) on computed tomography (CT). Transcutaneous ultrasound was used to demonstrate a cross section of the right iliopsoas muscle, and the iliopsoas muscle index (IP index) was defined by the iliopsoas muscle area/height(2) (mm(2)/m(2))...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology
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