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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036471/immunization-completion-in-infants-born-at-low-birth-weight
#1
Matt Nestander, Jay Dintaman, Apryl Susi, Gregory Gorman, Elizabeth Hisle-Gorman
Background: Low birth weight (LBW) has been associated with underimmunization. We sought to understand the effect of LBW on immunization completion after controlling for previously hypothesized mediators, including prematurity, neonatal illness, well-child care, non-well-child visits, and provider consistency. Methods: We formed a retrospective cohort of infants born between 2008 and 2011 with ≥2 years of military healthcare follow-up. International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision codes were used to identify LBW, preterm birth, neonatal illnesses, well-child visits, non-well-child visits, provider consistency, and parental rank in the inpatient and outpatient records...
September 23, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025800/approach-to-recurrent-fever-in-childhood
#2
REVIEW
Gordon S Soon, Ronald M Laxer
OBJECTIVE: To provide an approach to recurrent fever in childhood, explain when infections, malignancies, and immunodeficiencies can be excluded, and describe the features of periodic fever and other autoinflammatory syndromes. SOURCES OF INFORMATION: PubMed was searched for relevant articles regarding the pathogenesis, clinical findings, diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of periodic fever and autoinflammatory syndromes. MAIN MESSAGE: Fever is a common sign of illness in children and is most frequently due to infection...
October 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025281/understanding-treatment-adherence-with-the-health-belief-model-in-children-with-cystic-fibrosis
#3
Nicole R Dempster, Beth G Wildman, Tracy L Masterson, Gregory J Omlor
OBJECTIVE: Children's health beliefs are significantly related to their adherence; however, pediatric literature has rarely tested health-related theories as a whole. The goal of the present study was to evaluate the use of the health belief model (HBM) in understanding children's adherence, both globally and to individual treatment components. METHOD: Thirty-three patient-parent dyads completed questionnaires regarding health beliefs and adherence to medical regimens...
October 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016789/a-technology-based-patient-and-family-engagement-consult-service-for-the-pediatric-hospital-setting
#4
Gretchen P Jackson, Jamie R Robinson, Ebone Ingram, Mary Masterman, Catherine Ivory, Diane Holloway, Shilo Anders, Robert M Cronin
Objective: The Vanderbilt Children's Hospital launched an innovative Technology-Based Patient and Family Engagement Consult Service in 2014. This paper describes our initial experience with this service, characterizes health-related needs of families of hospitalized children, and details the technologies recommended to promote engagement and meet needs. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed consult service documentation for patient characteristics, health-related needs, and consultation team recommendations...
July 22, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990411/differences-in-illness-perception-between-children-with-cancer-and-other-chronic-diseases-and-their-parents
#5
Annamária Szentes, Gyöngyi Kökönyei, Andrea Békési, Ildikó Bokrétás, Szabolcs Török
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to explore the differences in illness perception between children with cancer and other chronic diseases. A secondary aim was to examine the similarities and differences between the illness perception of these children and their parents. METHODS: The Revised Illness Perception Questionnaire (IPQ-R) was used to measure the children's and parents' illness perceptions. In this study, 184 children (ages 8-18 years) and their caregivers completed the questionnaires...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973934/projections-of-white-and-black-older-adults-without-living-kin-in-the-united-states-2015-to-2060
#6
Ashton M Verdery, Rachel Margolis
Close kin provide many important functions as adults age, affecting health, financial well-being, and happiness. Those without kin report higher rates of loneliness and experience elevated risks of chronic illness and nursing facility placement. Historical racial differences and recent shifts in core demographic rates suggest that white and black older adults in the United States may have unequal availability of close kin and that this gap in availability will widen in the coming decades. Whereas prior work explores the changing composition and size of the childless population or those without spouses, here we consider the kinless population of older adults with no living close family members and how this burden is changing for different race and sex groups...
October 2, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969464/experiences-of-inner-city-fathers-of-children-with-chronic-illness
#7
Anna Kobylianskii, Thivia Jegathesan, Elizabeth Young, Kimmy Fung, Joelene Huber, Ripudaman S Minhas
We aim to explore the experiences of fathers from inner-city families caring for children affected by chronic health conditions or disabilities. A systematic scoping review was conducted using the Arskey and O'Malley framework. Fourteen of the 5114 articles were included in the full review and were qualitatively evaluated in terms of stressors, resources, perception, coping, and adaptation according to the Double ABCX model. Stressors included financial strain and health care access barriers. Resources ranging from immediate to extended family members depended on ethnicity...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956479/psychogenic-non-epileptic-seizures-in-children-and-adolescents-part-ii-explanations-to-families-treatment-and-group-outcomes
#8
Kasia Kozlowska, Catherine Chudleigh, Catherine Cruz, Melissa Lim, Georgia McClure, Blanche Savage, Ubaid Shah, Averil Cook, Stephen Scher, Pascal Carrive, Deepak Gill
Psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) - time-limited disturbances of consciousness and motor-sensory control, not accompanied by ictal activity on electroencephalogram (EEG) - are best conceptualized as atypical neurophysiological responses to emotional distress, physiological stressors and danger. Patients and families find the diagnosis of PNES difficult to understand; the transition from neurology (where the diagnosis is made) to mental health services (to which patients are referred for treatment) can be a bumpy one...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951430/parent-preferences-for-shared-decision-making-in-acute-versus-chronic-illness
#9
Dina M Tom, Christian Aquino, Anthony R Arredondo, Byron A Foster
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to examine preferences for shared decision-making (SDM) in parents of acutely ill versus chronically ill children in the inpatient setting. Additionally, we explored the effect of parental perception of illness severity and uncertainty in illness on decision-making preference. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we surveyed parents of children admitted to pediatric inpatient units at an academic, tertiary-care hospital...
October 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947440/improving-health-well-being-and-parenting-skills-in-parents-of-children-with-medical-complexity-a-scoping-review-protocol
#10
Sally Rebecca Bradshaw, Karen Shaw, Danai Bem, Carole Cummins
INTRODUCTION: Less than 1% of children have complex medical conditions but account for one-third of all child health spending. The impact of suboptimal management of this group of children can have a considerable effect on families as well as services. Some families appear to cope more easily than others do, but there are compelling reasons to suggest that effective interventions may improve family coping and ultimately outcomes. Hospitalisation of their child presents a unique set of pressures and challenges for parents, but also an opportunity to intervene...
September 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947348/transition-from-pediatric-to-adult-care-by-young-adults-with-chronic-granulomatous-disease-the-patient-s-viewpoint
#11
Rachel Margolis, Lori Wiener, Maryland Pao, Harry L Malech, Steven M Holland, Patricia Driscoll
PURPOSE: Children with chronic illnesses are living longer, prompting health care provider attention to the transition from pediatric to adult care. Transition of care is successful when youth are independent in managing their health. The aims of this study were to identify the strengths and barriers to transition from pediatric to adult care and to determine strategies that could enhance the transition process. METHODS: A survey was administered via a structured interview to 33 young adult participants (19-27 years of age), living with chronic granulomatous disease all of whom transitioned from pediatric to adult care...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946922/nbas-mutations-cause-acute-liver-failure-when-acetaminophen-is-not-a-culprit
#12
Pier Luigi Calvo, Francesco Tandoi, Tobias B Haak, Andrea Brunati, Michele Pinon, Dominic Dell Olio, Renato Romagnoli, Marco Spada
BACKGROUND: Pediatric acute-liver-failure due to acetaminophen (APAP) administration at therapeutic dosage is rare, while viral infections and metabolic defects are the prevalent causes. Yet, as acetaminophen is routinely used in febrile illnesses, it may be mistakenly held responsible for the acute liver damage. CASE PRESENTATION: An 11 month old boy had been on acetaminophen for 10 days (total dose 720 mg = 72 mg/kg) when he developed acute-liver-failure with encephalopathy...
September 25, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938511/-obesity-and-kidney-disease-renal-consequences-of-an-epidemic
#13
Helmut Schiffl, Susanne Maria Lang
Overweight and obesity are widespread in the German population, affecting not only adults but also a significant number of children and adolescents. The risk to develop chronic kidney disease is markedly increased in overweight or adipose children, adolescents and adults.Overweight and obesity induced risk factors have a direct impact on the development of chronic renal disease (obesity-associated focal segmental glomerulosclerosis). They accelerate the progression of coexistent nephropathies (diabetic or hypertensive nephropathy, primary glomerulonephritides) and are independent risk factors for the development of acute kidney injury in critically ill patients...
September 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937066/relationship-of-insulin-resistance-to-vitamin-d-status-in-children-with-nondiabetic-chronic-kidney-disease
#14
Seçil Conkar, Sevgi Mir
Insulin Resistance is common in patients with mild-to-moderate stage chronic kidney disease (CKD), even when the glomerular filtration rate is within the normal range. This study aimed to investigate the association of IR and 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels. In this study, we evaluated the frequency of IR in predialysis patients and the association with 25-hydroxyvitamin (OH)D levels. A total of 32 non-diabetic patients with predialysis were included in the study. Homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) index was calculated to show presence of IR...
September 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936698/recommendations-for-mechanical-ventilation-of-critically-ill-children-from-the-paediatric-mechanical-ventilation-consensus-conference-pemvecc
#15
Martin C J Kneyber, Daniele de Luca, Edoardo Calderini, Pierre-Henri Jarreau, Etienne Javouhey, Jesus Lopez-Herce, Jürg Hammer, Duncan Macrae, Dick G Markhorst, Alberto Medina, Marti Pons-Odena, Fabrizio Racca, Gerhard Wolf, Paolo Biban, Joe Brierley, Peter C Rimensberger
PURPOSE: Much of the common practice in paediatric mechanical ventilation is based on personal experiences and what paediatric critical care practitioners have adopted from adult and neonatal experience. This presents a barrier to planning and interpretation of clinical trials on the use of specific and targeted interventions. We aim to establish a European consensus guideline on mechanical ventilation of critically children. METHODS: The European Society for Paediatric and Neonatal Intensive Care initiated a consensus conference of international European experts in paediatric mechanical ventilation to provide recommendations using the Research and Development/University of California, Los Angeles, appropriateness method...
September 22, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936284/relationship-of-salivary-cd14-concentration-with-dental-caries-in-young-children
#16
Saurabh Kumar, Shobha Tandon, Rashmi Nayak, Runki Saran, Kalyana-Chakravarthy Pentapati
BACKGROUND: Dental caries is a chronic disease among children and there is need for studies assessing the caries risk factors using saliva. This study aimed to evaluate the association of salivary soluble CD14 and dental caries in young children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was done among 300, 3-6 year old school children of Udupi district. A total of 40 children who were caries free, with no past systemic illness or craniofacial anomalies and 40 children with dental caries with no history of dental treatment for caries, with no past systemic illness or craniofacial anomalies were included in control and test groups respectively...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933421/severe-childhood-malnutrition
#17
REVIEW
Zulfiqar A Bhutta, James A Berkley, Robert H J Bandsma, Marko Kerac, Indi Trehan, André Briend
The main forms of childhood malnutrition occur predominantly in children <5 years of age living in low-income and middle-income countries and include stunting, wasting and kwashiorkor, of which severe wasting and kwashiorkor are commonly referred to as severe acute malnutrition. Here, we use the term 'severe malnutrition' to describe these conditions to better reflect the contributions of chronic poverty, poor living conditions with pervasive deficits in sanitation and hygiene, a high prevalence of infectious diseases and environmental insults, food insecurity, poor maternal and fetal nutritional status and suboptimal nutritional intake in infancy and early childhood...
September 21, 2017: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930814/neurologic-and-functional-morbidity-in-critically-ill-children-with-bronchiolitis
#18
Steven L Shein, Katherine N Slain, Jason A Clayton, Bryan McKee, Alexandre T Rotta, Deanne Wilson-Costello
OBJECTIVES: Neurologic and functional morbidity occurs in ~30% of PICU survivors, and young children may be at particular risk. Bronchiolitis is a common indication for PICU admission among children less than 2 years old. Two single-center studies suggest that greater than 10-25% of critical bronchiolitis survivors have neurologic and functional morbidity but those estimates are 20 years old. We aimed to estimate the burden of neurologic and functional morbidity among more recent bronchiolitis patients using two large, multicenter databases...
September 19, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929784/investigating-children-s-perception-of-nurses-through-their-drawings
#19
Nazan Çakirer Çalbayram, Sebahat Altundağ, Bahise Aydin
Hospitalized children can have various fantasies about hospital, health staff, and related tools and equipment. They need to develop new coping strategies for compliance with hospitalization.This study aimed to investigate the perception of nurses by children with acute and chronic illness through their drawings. The study was carried out using a descriptive research model. "Nurses through the eyes of sick children data collection form" was used in data collection procedure. The instruction "draw a picture of a nurse, please" was used to get the children to draw a picture...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922265/-stuck-in-the-icu-caring-for-children-with-chronic-critical-illness
#20
Carrie M Henderson, Erin P Williams, Miriam C Shapiro, Emily Hahn, Laura Wright-Sexton, Nancy Hutton, Renee D Boss
OBJECTIVE: Neonatal ICUs and PICUs increasingly admit patients with chronic critical illness: children whose medical complexity leads to recurrent and prolonged ICU hospitalizations. We interviewed participants who routinely care for children with chronic critical illness to describe their experiences with ICU care for pediatric chronic critical illness. DESIGN: Semi-structured interviews. Interviews were transcribed and analyzed for themes. SETTING: Stakeholders came from five regions (Seattle, WA; Houston, TX; Jackson, MS; Baltimore, MD; and Philadelphia, PA)...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
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