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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679264/technology-focused-family-interventions-in-pediatric-chronic-illness-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Kimberly S Canter, Jennifer Christofferson, Michele A Scialla, Anne E Kazak
This systematic review provides a synthesis of randomized-controlled trials of technology-focused family interventions for children with chronic illnesses and their families, focused on describing the current state of the literature and generating recommendations for future family systems work in the field of eHealth/mHealth. Twenty-three studies met inclusion criteria and were included in the systematic review. No identified studies featured an mHealth delivery modality. Relevant data were extracted and studies were assessed for quality...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671836/children-s-experience-of-symptoms-narratives-through-words-and-images
#2
REVIEW
Barbara M Sourkes
Children who live with a complex chronic or life-threatening illness face extraordinary challenges. Whether they are receiving disease-oriented treatment (aimed at potential cure or prolongation of life) or palliative treatment-or both concurrently-our challenge is to enhance their comfort and minimize their distress. Symptom management is thus a critical component of pediatric palliative care. Symptoms may be either physical or psychological in nature (or a confluence of both) and their effective management has a direct impact on the child's quality of life...
April 19, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668058/i-introduction-understanding-medicines-and-medical-interventions
#3
Kristi L Lockhart, Frank C Keil
We live in an increasingly pharmacological and medical world, where children and adults frequently encounter alleged treatments for an enormous range of illnesses. How do we come to understand what heals and why? Here, 15 studies explore how 1,414 children (ages 5-11) and 882 adults construe the efficacies of different kinds of cures. Developmental patterns in folk physics, psychology, and biology lead to predictions about which expectations about cures will remain relatively constant across development and which will change...
June 2018: Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656367/the-impact-of-coping-patterns-and-chronic-health-conditions-on-health-related-quality-of-life-among-children-and-adolescents
#4
Sabrina Oppenheimer, Orit Krispin, Sigal Levy, Maayan Ozeri, Alan Apter
This study examined the relationship among chronic disease, coping strategy patterns, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among children and adolescents. The cohort included 273 Israeli children and adolescents aged 8-18 years diagnosed with asthma, diabetes mellitus, or celiac disease. All completed the Coping with a Disease Questionnaire (CODI) and the DISABKIDS Chronic Generic Measure (DCGM-37). The outcome measures were as follows: association of the use of effective and non-effective coping strategies with type of disease; predictive value of coping patterns for health-related quality of life; a European sample was used for comparison...
April 14, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652870/surveillance-for-the-identification-of-cases-of-acute-respiratory-infection-by-enterovirus-d68-in-children-in-a-tertiary-level-care-hospital-during-2014-2016
#5
Ana Estela Gamiño-Arroyo, José Luis Sánchez-Huerta, Alicia Elhaín de la Garza-López, Israel Parra-Ortega, Noé Escobar-Escamilla, Edgar Mendieta-Condado, Fabiola Garcés-Ayala, Gisela Barrera-Badillo, José Ernesto Ramírez-González, José Alberto Díaz-Quiñonez, Daniela de la Rosa-Zamboni
Background: The reemergence of enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) infections in the United States was reported from August-October 2014 (691 cases). In Mexico, an outbreak at the National Institute of Respiratory Diseases was reported (24 cases). The results of epidemiological surveillance of Enterovirus sp. (EV) and other respiratory viruses in a national pediatric tertiary care level hospital are presented. Methods: Following the alert issued by the reemergence of EV-D68 in 2014, epidemiological surveillance -which only detected respiratory viruses by PCR in patients with influenza-like illness using nasopharyngeal swabs- expanded to include children with asthma exacerbation or acute respiratory distress...
2018: Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649836/-flight-routes-to-germany-of-seriously-ill-children-and-adolescents-from-former-eastern-bloc-countries-for-treatment-of-renal-failure
#6
Dilbar Mammadova, Ines Marek, Matthias Galiano, Wolfgang Rascher
BACKGROUND: Increased patient mobility and restricted treatment of children with end-stage renal disease forced families from the former Eastern Bloc countries to flee with their children to Germany for adequate medical treatment. METHODS: In a case study, the patients' charts were analysed retrospectively. In structured interviews, parents and patients were asked about their flight routes to Germany, their medical treatment and their integration. RESULTS: From 2003 to 2013, eight children and adolescents with renal failure were treated with dialysis or renal transplantation in Erlangen...
April 12, 2018: Klinische Pädiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649285/cost-of-gastroenteritis-in-australia-a-healthcare-perspective
#7
S Fiona Barker, Ella Zomer, Joanne O'Toole, Martha Sinclair, Katherine Gibney, Danny Liew, Karin Leder
BACKGROUND: Acute gastroenteritis illness is a common illness that causes considerable morbidity, but current estimates of the cost to the Australian healthcare system are unknown. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the current healthcare utilisation and direct public healthcare system costs attributable to acute gastroenteritis illness in Australia. METHODS: This is an incidence-based cost-of-illness study focused on quantifying direct health care costs using a bottom-up approach...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627285/the-pediatric-inventory-for-parents-swedish-translation-and-psychometric-testing
#8
Cecilia Olsson, Maria Björk, Anders Ringnér
The Pediatric Inventory for Parents (PIP) measures parental stress related to caring for a child with an illness. However, no Swedish translation is available. PURPOSE: This study reports a Swedish translation of the PIP and psychometric properties of the instrument. DESIGN AND METHODS: This is a descriptive/methodological paper. The PIP was translated and culturally adapted to Swedish, and comprehensibility was tested. Data were collected twice from 48 parents of children with different illnesses, and initial psychometric properties of the instrument were examined...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617871/clinical-and-laboratory-predictors-of-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-infection-in-children-with-bloody-diarrhea
#9
Ryan S McKee, Phillip I Tarr, Dennis J Dietzen, Rachit Chawla, David Schnadower
Objectives: Children with acute bloody diarrhea are at risk of being infected with Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) and of progression to hemolytic uremic syndrome. Our objective was to identify clinical and laboratory factors associated with STEC infection in children who present with acute bloody diarrhea. Methods: We performed a prospective cohort study of consecutive children younger than 18 years who presented with acute (<2-week duration) bloody diarrhea between August 1, 2013, and August 1, 2014...
April 2, 2018: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603611/a-systematic-review-of-pediatric-self-report-symptom-measures-congruence-with-the-theory-of-unpleasant-symptoms
#10
REVIEW
Victoria von Sadovszky, Emily Christensen, Bonnie Mowinski Jennings, Susi Miller, Stephanie Hosley, Liesl Drought, Elizabeth R Lenz
PURPOSE: Many children and adolescents experience unpleasant symptoms due to acute and chronic illnesses. Several symptom measures specific to children and adolescents are available to assess unpleasant symptoms. What is unclear is how well these measures assess all dimensions of the symptom experience. Using the Theory of Unpleasant Symptoms (TOUS) as a guide, the purpose of this systematic review of self-report symptom measures was to examine the comprehensiveness of current symptom measures designed to assess children's and adolescents' symptom experiences...
March 30, 2018: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602520/the-knowledge-of-and-attitudes-toward-first-aid-and-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-among-parents
#11
Concepción Míguez-Navarro, Beatriz Ponce-Salas, Gloria Guerrero-Márquez, Jorge Lorente-Romero, Elena Caballero-Grolimund, Arístides Rivas-García, María Ana Almagro-Colorado
PURPOSE: To determine the level of knowledge of first aid and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) among the parents of children who attended our Pediatric Emergency Department and to identify the factors that affect this knowledge. DESIGN AND METHODS: Descriptive, transversal study. A questionnaire was distributed anonymously among parents to collect data about their previous CPR training, knowledge and experience. RESULTS: A total 405 valid questionnaires were returned...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601821/chronic-anterior-uveitis-in-children-psychosocial-challenges-for-patients-and-their-families
#12
Delana M Parker, Sheila T Angeles-Han, Annette L Stanton, Gary N Holland
PURPOSE: To describe issues of concern to children with chronic anterior uveitis; to consider the psychological impact of chronic anterior uveitis on children's lives; and to understand the effect of a child's chronic illness on other family members. DESIGN: Expert commentary. METHODS: Author experiences were supplemented by a review of pertinent medical literature and by consideration of content from semi-structured, separate patient and parent interviews...
March 27, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580563/predictors-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-chronically-ill-children-and-adolescents-over-time
#13
D Barthel, U Ravens-Sieberer, S Nolte, U Thyen, M Klein, O Walter, A-K Meyrose, M Rose, C Otto
OBJECTIVE: This study aims at identifying predictors of generic health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in chronically ill children and adolescents over time. The newly developed computer-adaptive test Kids-CAT was used to assess five dimensions of HRQoL. METHODS: Longitudinal data from the Kids-CAT study on children and adolescents with asthma, diabetes and juvenile arthritis (n = 248; aged 7-17 years) were assessed at three measurement points over six months...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578446/self-perceived-health-status-and-illnesses-among-internally-displaced-people-in-georgia
#14
G Kamkamidze, M Tabatadze, M Kajaia, L Gulbiani, M Shakhnazarova, L Geradze, M Butsashvili
Georgia had several waves of internally displaced people (IDPs) as a result of military conflicts on the territories of Abkhazia and Samachablo starting from 1990's with the latest large wave in 2008. Most of the IDPs live in compact settlements, such as old administrative buildings or specially constructed camps. In both cases, living conditions and social-economic status of IDPs are below Georgia's national average. There is extremely limited data on the health status of the IDPs in Georgia. Health Research Union (HRU) with support from ELRHA/R2HC program conducted a survey to study health service utilization and expenditures among IDPs, and measure the effect of targeted intervention versus untargeted, integrated approach to health financing...
February 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576307/immunogenicity-and-safety-of-the-quadrivalent-meningococcal-acwy-tetanus-toxoid-conjugate-vaccine-menacwy-tt-in-splenectomized-or-hyposplenic-children-and-adolescents-results-of-a-phase-iii-open-non-randomized-study
#15
Nicola P Klein, Tomas Habanec, Pavel Kosina, Nirmish R Shah, Devayani Kolhe, Jacqueline M Miller, Marjan Hezareh, Marie Van der Wielen
BACKGROUND: Individuals with functional or anatomic asplenia are at high risk for meningococcal disease. We evaluated the immunogenicity and safety of 1 and 2 doses of the quadrivalent meningococcal serogroups A, C, W, Y tetanus toxoid-conjugate vaccine (MenACWY-TT) in this high-risk population. METHODS: This phase III, open-label, controlled, non-randomized study (NCT01641042) enrolled 1-17-year-olds with impaired splenic activity (high-risk group) and age-matched healthy controls (control group)...
March 22, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570427/-it-s-relentless-providers-experience-of-pediatric-chronic-critical-illness
#16
Pamela K Donohue, Erin P Williams, Laura Wright-Sexton, Renee D Boss
BACKGROUND: Children with chronic critical illness (CCI), those children with repeated and prolonged hospitalizations along with technology-dependence or multiple organ system involvement, are increasing in number. The intensive daily needs of these children, during hospitalization and at home, affect both clinicians and families. OBJECTIVE: To assess clinician experiences of burnout and clinician perceptions of family burnout in caring for children with CCI. DESIGN: Semistructured interviews with 44 stakeholders known for pediatric CCI expertise were audio-recorded and transcribed...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567525/perceived-stigma-and-associated-factors-among-children-and-adolescents-with-epilepsy-in-south-western-uganda-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Joseph Kirabira, Madrine Nakawuki, Robyn Fallen, Godfrey Zari Rukundo
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of perceived stigma and its associated factors among children and adolescents with epilepsy in southwestern Uganda. METHODS: We conducted a cross sectional study at a large referral hospital and a small rural health facility in Mbarara district, southwestern Uganda. Participants were aged 6-18 years being managed for epilepsy for at least 3 months, with no medical emergencies. Perceived stigma was measured using the Kilifi Stigma Scale of Epilepsy...
March 8, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564711/documenting-an-epidemic-of-suffering-low-health-related-quality-of-life-among-transgender-youth
#18
Yuanshu Zou, Rhonda Szczesniak, Alexis Teeters, Lee Ann E Conard, Daniel H Grossoehme
PURPOSE: To quantify HRQOL of TGN patients using the PedsQL 4.0 generic core scales, and to compare reported HRQOL of TGN adolescents with published data from comparison populations. METHODS: Transgender children and adolescents (N = 142; 68% natal females) ages 6-23 years (M = 15.9, SD = 3.7) attending an outpatient clinic for TGN care at an academic pediatric hospital and caregivers of children and adolescents (N = 95) completed the PedsQL 4.0 generic core scales...
March 21, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546920/-result-of-a-model-of-management-of-special-vaccines
#19
Sylvina Alvarado, Ernesto Paya, María Teresa Valenzuela, Rodolfo Villena
INTRODUCTION: Special vaccines recommendation patients are a growing population. The Ministry of Health has developed a special vaccination program for these cases, through which our hospital manages vaccine forms by an established flowchart. OBJECTIVE: To describe the special vaccines model of management results in the period between March 2015 and September 2016, and the clinical and demographics characterization of the pediatric population benefited with this program in Dr...
December 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534225/childhood-and-parental-asthma-future-risk-of-bipolar-disorder-and-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders-a-population-based-cohort-study
#20
Qiong Wu, Christina Dalman, Håkan Karlsson, Glyn Lewis, David P J Osborn, Renee Gardner, Joseph F Hayes
Background: Mounting evidence implicates early life and prenatal immune disturbances in the etiology of severe mental illnesses. Asthma is a common illness associated with chronic aberrant immune responses. We aimed to determine if asthma in childhood and parents is associated with bipolar and schizophrenia spectrum disorders. Methods: A cohort study including all children born in Sweden 1973-1995 (N > 2 million) assessing associations between childhood hospitalization for asthma, parental asthma during and pre-pregnancy, and subsequent bipolar and schizophrenia spectrum disorders...
March 9, 2018: Schizophrenia Bulletin
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