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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811520/shoulder-and-elbow-injuries-in-the-adolescent-athlete
#1
Mia Smucny, Joel Kolmodin, Paul Saluan
With the recent increase in youth sports participation and single-sport youth athletes over the past 30 years, there has been an increase in the number of acute and overuse sports injuries in this population. This review focuses on overuse and traumatic injuries of the shoulder and elbow in young athletes. In particular we discuss little league shoulder, glenohumeral internal rotation deficit, glenohumeral instability, superior labrum anterior posterior lesions, Little League elbow, Panner disease, osteochondritis dissecans of the capitellum, posteromedial elbow impingement, and posterolateral rotatory instability of the elbow...
December 2016: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811514/overuse-injuries-in-the-pediatric-population
#2
Mark Wu, Ryan Fallon, Benton E Heyworth
Athletic overuse injuries are becoming an increasingly common entity in the active pediatric population. The prevalence of these injuries may be attributed to the combination of an underdeveloped musculoskeletal system, increased participation in competitive sport at a younger age, and increased duration and intensity of training. Many of these injuries may go unreported and/or undiagnosed, as they do not all result in time lost from sports, and are not always appreciated on imaging. Left unrecognized, untreated, or poorly managed, overuse injuries can have long-term health consequences for young athletes...
December 2016: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637661/pediatric-elbow-and-wrist-pathology-related-to-sports-participation
#3
REVIEW
Matthew D Ellington, Eric W Edmonds
Pediatric overuse injuries are becoming more prevalent in today's society with more children competitively playing year-round sports at a younger age. The importance of prompt diagnosis and treatment is paramount to the treatment for these injuries, second only to rest and activity modification. This article will focus on overuse injuries of the upper extremity, specifically: little league elbow, elbow osteochondritis dissecans, and gymnast wrist. It will also discuss the pathophysiology, diagnosis, imaging, and treatment of each of these entities...
October 2016: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27545423/the-skeletally-immature-and-newly-mature-throwing-athlete
#4
REVIEW
Kiery A Braithwaite, Kelley W Marshall
Injuries to the shoulder and elbow in the pediatric and adolescent throwing athlete are common. Both knowledge of throwing mechanics and understanding of normal bone development in the immature skeleton are key to the diagnosis, treatment, and potential prevention of these common injuries. Pathologic changes from chronic repetitive trauma to the developing shoulder and elbow manifest as distinctly different injuries that can be predicted by the skeletal maturation of the patient. Sites of vulnerability and resulting patterns of injury change as the child evolves from the skeletally immature little league player to the skeletally mature high school/college athlete...
September 2016: Radiologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27147689/preseason-assessment-of-radiographic-abnormalities-in-elbows-of-little-league-baseball-players
#5
Andrew T Pennock, Andrew Pytiak, Phillip Stearns, Joanna H Roocroft, Jerry Dwek, Peter Kruk, Tracey P Bastrom
BACKGROUND: Youth baseball has been associated with elbow pain and elbow abnormalities, leading to the implementation of throwing and pitching guidelines. The purpose of the current study was to examine elbow abnormalities on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in asymptomatic Little League baseball players and to correlate these findings with the players' throwing history and physical examinations. METHODS: A prospective study of Little League players who were 10 to 13 years of age was performed...
May 4, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27118556/compliance-with-injury-prevention-measures-in-youth-pitchers-survey-of-coaches-in-little-league-of-puerto-rico
#6
Kristian J Pamias-Velázquez, Mariam M Figueroa-Negrón, Janiliz Tirado-Crespo, Ana L Mulero-Portela
BACKGROUND: Because of the problem of elbow and shoulder injuries in baseball pitchers between 9 and 14 years of age, the USA Baseball Medical & Safety Advisory Committee and the Department of Recreation and Sports in Puerto Rico developed injury prevention guidelines for pitchers. The purpose of this study was to determine the compliance of pitching coaches of 9- to 14-year-old Little League teams in Puerto Rico with the Administrative Order 2006-01 and the USA Baseball guidelines. HYPOTHESES: (1) The coaches will have a satisfactory level of compliance with the Administrative Order as well as with the USA Baseball guidelines and (2) both the level of education of the coach as well as the years of experience will correlate with the level of compliance...
May 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26561766/little-league-elbow-in-a-prepubertal-cricket-player
#7
Swarup Mukherjee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26535371/a-preseason-checklist-for-predicting-elbow-injury-in-little-league-baseball-players
#8
Taiki Yukutake, Masumi Kuwata, Minoru Yamada, Tomoki Aoyama
BACKGROUND: Despite pitch count limits, the incidence of Little League elbow is increasing. A risk-evaluation tool capable of predicting which players are predisposed to throwing injury could potentially prevent injuries. PURPOSE: To investigate the effectiveness of a risk factor checklist for predicting elbow injury in Little League baseball players during 1 season. The hypothesis was that a preseason risk-evaluation checklist could predict which players were predisposed to elbow injury...
January 2015: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26386655/upper-extremity-overuse-injuries-in-pediatric-athletes-clinical-presentation-imaging-findings-and-treatment
#9
REVIEW
David A Paz, Geraldine H Chang, Joseph M Yetto, Jerry R Dwek, Christine B Chung
UNLABELLED: Given the frequency and severity of overuse injuries in pediatric athletes and the potential for long-term deleterious effects, it is important for radiologists to have a comprehensive understanding of these injuries and their imaging spectrum. This article addresses chronic overuse injuries involving the upper extremity in the pediatric athlete. Chronic upper extremity overuse injuries in competitive pediatric athletes yield imaging findings that can be subtle, obvious and characteristic, or atypical...
November 2015: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25350825/overuse-upper-extremity-injuries-in-the-skeletally-immature-patient-beyond-little-league-shoulder-and-elbow
#10
REVIEW
Kelley W Marshall
Overuse injuries of the shoulder and elbow are common in the skeletally immature throwing athlete. This review goes beyond describing the classic imaging findings of Little League shoulder and elbow and probes deeper into new insights suggesting a unifying etiology of metaphyseal or metaphyseal equivalent injury as the cause of many of the bony lesions described. Injury patterns change depending on the athlete's skeletal maturation, and the spectrum of abnormalities is reviewed.
November 2014: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25295772/upper-extremity-physeal-injury-in-young-baseball-pitchers
#11
REVIEW
Bryan M Saltzman, Peter N Chalmers, Randy Mascarenhas, Brian J Cole, Anthony A Romeo
Adolescent baseball players, especially pitchers, are at increased risk for shoulder and elbow injuries as their level of competition increases. The intersection of the adolescent growth spurt with the high levels of elbow valgus and shoulder rotational torques placed upon the arm during overhand pitching predisposes the shoulder and elbow to physeal injuries. Little League shoulder and Little League elbow syndromes most commonly represent pathology at the physeal regions of the proximal and distal humerus and proximal ulna sustained from repetitive loads caused by overhead throwing...
September 2014: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24721991/risk-factors-for-elbow-pain-in-little-league-baseball-players-a-cross-sectional-study-focusing-on-developmental-factors
#12
T Yukutake, K Nagai, M Yamada, T Aoyama
AIM: The incidence of Little League elbow is increasing. However, the risk factors for Little League elbow, especially those related to development have not previously been investigated. The purpose of this study was to investigate the risk factors for elbow pain in Little League baseball players while focusing on the developmental factors. METHODS: A total of 654 baseball players aged 6-12 years, all male, participated in this study. Participants completed an original questionnaire that included items assessing demographic data, developmental factors (increase in height and increase in weight over the preceding 12 months), and baseball-related factors...
September 2015: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24427395/a-survey-examining-the-correlations-between-japanese-little-league-baseball-coaches-knowledge-of-and-compliance-with-pitch-count-recommendations-and-player-elbow-pain
#13
Taiki Yukutake, Minoru Yamada, Tomoki Aoyama
BACKGROUND: With the incidence of Little League elbow increasing, pitch limit recommendations for preventing throwing injuries have been developed in both the United States and Japan. However, levels of knowledge of and compliance with these recommendations among coaches of young baseball teams in Japan remain unknown. The relationship between these levels and elbow pain among players has not been adequately studied. HYPOTHESIS: Knowledge of and compliance with these recommendations is similar in the United States and Japan...
May 2013: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24175142/throwing-injuries-in-the-adolescent-athlete
#14
Ellen Shanley, Chuck Thigpen
INTRODUCTION: Adolescents ranging in age from 11-15 (early-mid adolescence) comprise the largest percentage of baseball and softball athletes in the United States. Shoulder and elbow injuries are commonly experienced by these athletes with baseball pitchers and softball position players most likely to be injured. COMMON INJURIES: Physeal injury often termed "Little League" shoulder or elbow is common and should be differentiated from soft tissue injuries such as biceps, rotator cuff, or UCL injuries...
October 2013: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23637116/a-systematic-video-analysis-of-national-hockey-league-nhl-concussions-part-ii-how-concussions-occur-in-the-nhl
#15
Michael G Hutchison, Paul Comper, Willem H Meeuwisse, Ruben J Echemendia
BACKGROUND: Concussions in sports are a growing cause of concern, as these injuries can have debilitating short-term effects and little is known about the potential long-term consequences. This work aims to describe how concussions occur in the National Hockey League. METHODS: Case series of medically diagnosed concussions for regular season games over a 3.5-year period during the 2006-2010 seasons. Digital video records were coded and analysed using a standardised protocol...
April 2015: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21793324/a-comparison-of-throwing-kinematics-between-youth-baseball-players-with-and-without-a-history-of-medial-elbow-pain
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Yung-Hsien Huang, Ting-Yu Wu, Kenneth E Learman, Yung-Shen Tsai
Risk factors in throwing factors associated to little league elbow have not been adequately explored. Whether these factors also affect the players' performance is also important to elucidate while modifying throwing pattern to reduce injury. The purpose of this study was to compare the differences in throwing kinematics between youth baseball players with or without a history of medial elbow pain (MEP) and to determine the relationship between their throwing kinematics and ball speed. Fifteen players with previous MEP were matched with 15 healthy players by age, height and weight...
June 30, 2010: Chinese Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21094406/imaging-pediatric-sports-injuries-upper-extremity
#17
REVIEW
Kirkland W Davis
With increasing youth participation in organized sports, more injuries in this age group are being treated by primary care and sports medicine physicians. Overuse injuries are much more common now than in past decades, with Little League shoulder, Little League elbow, and gymnast wrist being particular concerns. Rotator cuff tears and glenoid labral injuries, once thought to be rare in this age group, are also more common now. Osteochondritis dissecans of the elbow is relatively common and typically fares poorly without surgery...
November 2010: Radiologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20864859/clinical-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging-findings-associated-with-little-league-elbow
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Anthony S Wei, Sanjeev Khana, Orr Limpisvasti, John Crues, Luga Podesta, Lewis A Yocum
BACKGROUND: Valgus overload in the skeletally immature elbow can lead to medial epicondyle apophysitis, or Little League elbow. The skeletal manifestations have been well described through radiographic studies. The involvement of surrounding structures, including the ulnar collateral ligament, remains unclear. The purpose of this study is to better characterize the involvement and relationship of medial elbow structures in Little League elbow through magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. METHODS: Institutional review board approval was obtained...
October 2010: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20827623/pediatric-throwing-injuries-of-the-elbow
#19
REVIEW
Richard Kijowski, Michael J Tuite
Throwing injuries of the elbow in the pediatric population are common. These can occur as lateral compression osteochondral injuries such as osteochondritis dissecans or medial tension overload such as so-called Little League elbow. Extension overload injuries may present in teens as stress injuries of the olecranon process. We review the imaging findings of each of these common injuries, with an emphasis on their magnetic resonance imaging appearance.
September 2010: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20688542/acute-avulsion-fractures-of-the-medial-epicondyle-while-throwing-in-youth-baseball-players-a-variant-of-little-league-elbow
#20
Daryl C Osbahr, Peter N Chalmers, Jeremy S Frank, Riley J Williams, Roger F Widmann, Daniel W Green
HYPOTHESIS: The young throwing athlete is susceptible to medial elbow injury due to valgus overload. We hypothesized that this injury can occur during the throwing motion with an acute episode of medial elbow pain resulting in an inability to effectively participate in throwing activities. In addition, appropriate treatment of acute, medial epicondyle avulsion fractures in baseball players can result in an asymptomatic elbow with subsequent return to play within a year of injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A case series of all youth baseball players with medial epicondyle avulsion fractures that occurred while throwing were identified...
October 2010: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
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