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Head and beck cancer

Avani D Rao, Eun Ji Shin, Sarah E Beck, Caroline Garrett, Seong-Hun Kim, Nam Ju Lee, Eleni Liapi, John Wong, Joseph Herman, Amol Narang, Kai Ding
PURPOSE: To test the feasibility and safety of injecting a high-contrast hydrogel marker at the head of the pancreas (HOP) and duodenum interface and assesses the marker visibility on cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) to localize this important boundary during image guided radiation therapy in a porcine model. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This was a 2-stage study. The feasibility/visibility stage evaluated the ability to place the hydrogel using endoscopic ultrasound guidance on 8 swine (4 euthanized at post-injection day 8, 4 euthanized at post-injection day 22) and assessed the quality of visibility of the marked location on CBCT in the longer-surviving group...
March 2, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Kristen McCarter, Amanda L Baker, Benjamin Britton, Luke Wolfenden, Chris Wratten, Judith Bauer, Sean A Halpin, Gregory Carter, Alison K Beck, Lucy Leigh, Christopher Oldmeadow
We aimed to determine the prevalence and co-occurrence of tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption, and depressive symptoms among a sample of head and neck cancer (HNC) patients undergoing radiotherapy. A total of 307 HNC patients participated in a multi-site stepped-wedge randomized controlled trial (RCT) evaluating the effectiveness of a dietitian-delivered health behavior intervention in patients with HNC undergoing radiotherapy. During week one of radiotherapy patients completed measures of smoking, alcohol consumption, and level of depression...
April 19, 2018: Cancer Medicine
Markus A Schirmer, Julia Beck, Martin Leu, Michael Oellerich, Margret Rave-Fränk, Philip D Walson, Ekkehard Schütz, Martin Canis
BACKGROUND: Clinicians face many challenges in disease stratification and outcome prediction in head and neck squamous cancer cell (HNSCC) patients. Given the limitations of currently used clinical scoring, repetitive biopsies, and imaging techniques, liquid biopsy approaches may provide valuable additional diagnostic and prognostic information. METHODS: A noninterventional, single-center observational study was performed with clinical data and plasma samples from HNSCC patients...
April 16, 2018: Clinical Chemistry
Kristen McCarter, Amanda L Baker, Ben Britton, Sean A Halpin, Alison Beck, Gregory Carter, Chris Wratten, Judith Bauer, Luke Wolfenden, Katrina Burchell, Erin Forbes
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore head and neck cancer (HNC) patient experiences of a novel dietitian delivered health behaviour intervention. METHODS: This study is a qualitative study which employed semi-structured individual interviews using open and axial coding and then final selective coding to organise the data. Patients with HNC who had participated in a dietitian delivered health behaviour intervention to reduce malnutrition were invited to discuss their experience of this intervention...
January 27, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Kristen McCarter, Amanda L Baker, Ben Britton, Alison Kate Beck, Gregory Carter, Judith Bauer, Chris Wratten, Sean A Halpin, Elizabeth Holliday, Christopher Oldmeadow, Luke Wolfenden
Best practice guidelines make a number of recommendations regarding dietitian management of head and neck cancer (HNC) patients. Randomized trials assessing the effectiveness of clinical practice change strategies for improving the nutritional management of HNC patients have not previously been conducted. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of practice change strategies on improving the implementation of best practice guideline recommendations for the nutritional management of HNC patients...
March 1, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Kanako Ichikura, Aya Yamashita, Taro Sugimoto, Seiji Kishimoto, Eisuke Matsushima
OBJECTIVE: Patients with head and neck cancer (HNC) experience many stressful problems with breathing, eating, swallowing, and/or speaking. The aim of this study was to (a) identify the clusters of HNC patients based on their stress coping strategies and (b) evaluate the differences in clinical data and depression among the identified HNC patients' coping clusters. METHODS: We conducted a single-center, cross-sectional study with self-completed questionnaires for patients with HNC between April and August 2013...
February 2018: Psycho-oncology
Alison Kate Beck, Ben Britton, Amanda Baker, Cathy Odelli, Chris Wratten, Judith Bauer, Luke Wolfenden, Gregory Carter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Psycho-oncology
Omar Mahmoud, Robert Beck, Evelyne Kalyoussef, Richard Chan Park, Soly Baredes, Sung Kim, Michael A Samuels
PURPOSE: Head and neck soft tissue sarcoma (HNSTS) is a distinct entity within the soft tissue sarcoma group and the evidence supporting treatment options for this disease is poorly defined. Using the National Cancer Database, this study aims to reveal adjuvant therapy utilization patterns and their outcomes. MATERIALS: HNSTS patients constituted 6.5% of all sarcoma patients and the analysis was limited to non-metastatic patients who underwent resection between 2004 and 2012...
March 2017: Oral Oncology
Anna V Gaponova, Alexander Y Deneka, Tim N Beck, Hanqing Liu, Gregory Andrianov, Anna S Nikonova, Emmanuelle Nicolas, Margret B Einarson, Erica A Golemis, Ilya G Serebriiskii
Ovarian, head and neck, and other cancers are commonly treated with cisplatin and other DNA damaging cytotoxic agents. Altered DNA damage response (DDR) contributes to resistance of these tumors to chemotherapies, some targeted therapies, and radiation. DDR involves multiple protein complexes and signaling pathways, some of which are evolutionarily ancient and involve protein orthologs conserved from yeast to humans. To identify new regulators of cisplatin-resistance in human tumors, we integrated high throughput and curated datasets describing yeast genes that regulate sensitivity to cisplatin and/or ionizing radiation...
March 21, 2017: Oncotarget
Tim N Beck, Chad H Smith, Douglas B Flieder, Thomas J Galloway, John A Ridge, Erica A Golemis, Ranee Mehra
BACKGROUND: Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is potentially curable, but treatment planning remains a challenge. Oncogenic human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive disease is often associated with a good prognosis compared with HPV-negative disease. However, some HPV-positive HNSCC recurs, often with distant metastases and significant treatment resistance. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed p16 immunohistochemistry (IHC), in situ hybridization (ISH) for high-risk HPV, and comprehensive genomic profiling on oropharyngeal HNSCC with basaloid features and particularly aggressive disease course, noting a rare genetic event: a deleting mutation (exons 5-17) of the tumor suppressor and dominant cell cycle regulator retinoblastoma 1 (RB1)...
March 2017: Head & Neck
Benedicta E Beck-Broichsitter, Jörn Huck, Thomas Küchler, Daniela Hauke, Jürgen Hedderich, Jörg Wiltfang, Stephan T Becker
PURPOSE: The extent of functional impairment after ablative surgery in the orofacial region may be directly reflected in a reduction in Quality of Life. This study intended to compare the patients' perception with an objective functional evaluation of the orofacial system in order to bilaterally distinguish direct influence factors. METHODS: A total of 45 patients were included in this study and were asked to complete the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Core Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-30) and the Head and Neck 35 Module (H&N 35)...
February 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Nosayaba Osazuwa-Peters, Eric Adjei Boakye, Betty Y Chen, Jennifer Clancy, Patrice L Vallot, Jonathan L Su, Geoffrey E Beck, Mark A Varvares
Importance: The incidence of human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) is increasing in the United States and may be underestimated among black individuals. Characterizing the current knowledge level among black individuals is critical to developing interventions to increase awareness. Objective: To describe the sociodemographic correlates of knowledge and risk perception of HPV and HPV-associated OPSCC among a predominantly black population...
February 1, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
O M E E Mahmoud, R Beck, E Kalyoussef, S Baredes, R C Park, S Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Kristen McCarter, Úrsula Martínez, Ben Britton, Amanda Baker, Billie Bonevski, Gregory Carter, Alison Beck, Chris Wratten, Ashleigh Guillaumier, Sean A Halpin, Luke Wolfenden
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of smoking cessation interventions in improving cessation rates and smoking related behaviour in patients with head and neck cancer (HNC). DESIGN: A systematic review of randomised and non-randomised controlled trials. METHODS: We searched the following data sources: CENTRAL in the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO and CINAHL up to February 2016. A search of reference lists of included studies and Google Scholar (first 200 citations published online between 2000 and February 2016) was also undertaken...
2016: BMJ Open
Tim N Beck, Rachel Georgopoulos, Elena I Shagisultanova, David Sarcu, Elizabeth A Handorf, Cara Dubyk, Miriam N Lango, John A Ridge, Igor Astsaturov, Ilya G Serebriiskii, Barbara A Burtness, Ranee Mehra, Erica A Golemis
Clinical decision making for human papillomavirus (HPV)-negative head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is predominantly guided by disease stage and anatomic location, with few validated biomarkers. The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is an important therapeutic target, but its value in guiding therapeutic decision making remains ambiguous. We integrated analysis of clinically annotated tissue microarrays with analysis of data available through the TCGA, to investigate the idea that expression signatures involving EGFR, proteins regulating EGFR function, and core cell-cycle modulators might serve as prognostic or drug response-predictive biomarkers...
October 2016: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Rahul Yadav, Ravi Vattepu, Moriah R Beck
Actin cytoskeleton remodeling requires the coordinated action of a large number of actin binding proteins that reorganize the actin cytoskeleton by promoting polymerization, stabilizing filaments, causing branching, or crosslinking filaments. Palladin is a key cytoskeletal actin binding protein whose normal function is to enable cell motility during development of tissues and organs of the embryo and in wound healing, but palladin is also responsible for regulating the ability of cancer cells to become invasive and metastatic...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Molecular Biology
Ayşegül Batıoğlu-Karaaltın, Zerrin Binbay, Özgür Yiğit, Zehra Dönmez
OBJECTIVE: In this study patients who have undergone partial (PL) or total laryngectomy (TL) were evaluated for life quality, self-esteem and sexual dysfunctions. METHODS: 108 patients who received TL or PL without tracheostoma were included in this study. During patient interview, sociodemographical data form, European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, Life Questionnaire Core 30 Items, Cancer and Head and Neck module-35 Items (EORTC QLQ-C30 and H&N35) were filled and patients were also asked to fill in Arizona Sexual Experiences Scale (ASEX), Beck's Depression Inventory (BDI), Beck's Anxiety Inventory (BAI) and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) forms...
April 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Jonathan Ma, Sadhika Malladi, Andrew H Beck
Though patient sex influences response to cancer treatments, little is known of the molecular causes, and cancer therapies are generally given irrespective of patient sex. We assessed transcriptomic differences in tumors from men and women spanning 17 cancer types, and we assessed differential expression between tumor and normal samples stratified by sex across 7 cancers. We used the LincsCloud platform to perform Connectivity Map analyses to link transcriptomic signatures identified in male and female tumors with chemical and genetic perturbagens, and we performed permutation testing to identify perturbagens that showed significantly differential connectivity with male and female tumors...
January 12, 2016: Scientific Reports
Tilo Schlittenbauer, Martin Zeilinger, Emeka Nkenke, Sebastian Kreißel, Matthias C Wurm, Michael Lell, Torsten Kuwert, Michael Beck
Diagnostic imaging of head and neck cancer has made enormous progress during recent years. Next to morphological imaging modalities (computed tomography [CT] and magnetic resonance imaging [MRI]), there are also hybrid imaging systems that combine functional and morphological information (positron emission tomography [PET]/CT and PET/MRI). The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of PET/MRI in the diagnosis of head and neck cancer with other imaging modalities (MRI, CT, PET/CT). Ten patients (nine male and one female) with histologically proven oral squamous cell carcinoma participated in an 18 F-FDG-PET/CT scan and an additional 18 F-FDG PET/MRI scan prior to surgery...
December 2015: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Alison Kate Beck, Amanda Baker, Ben Britton, Chris Wratten, Judith Bauer, Luke Wolfenden, Gregory Carter
BACKGROUND: The confidence with which researchers can comment on intervention efficacy relies on evaluation and consideration of intervention fidelity. Accordingly, there have been calls to increase the transparency with which fidelity methodology is reported. Despite this, consideration and/or reporting of fidelity methods remains poor. We seek to address this gap by describing the methodology for promoting and facilitating the evaluation of intervention fidelity in The EAT (Eating As Treatment) project: a multi-site stepped wedge randomised controlled trial of a dietitian delivered behaviour change counselling intervention to improve nutrition (primary outcome) in head and neck cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy...
2015: Trials
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