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Barbara Willekens, Gaetano Perrotta, Patrick Cras, Nathalie Cools
Mindfulness was introduced in the Western world by Jon Kabat-Zinn in 1979. He defined it as "awareness that arises through paying attention, on purpose, in the present moment, non-judgmentally." Since then, research on mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) has increased exponentially both in health and disease, including in patients with neurodegenerative diseases such as dementia and Parkinson's disease. Research on the effect of mindfulness and multiple sclerosis (MS) only recently gained interest...
2018: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
Shokooh Shahidi, Hossein Akbari, Fatemeh Zargar
BACKGROUND: Test anxiety is one of the most disabling disorders and annual school academic performance will affect millions of students. Hence, it needs attention and treatment. Therefore, this research aimed to examine the effectiveness of a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) therapy on emotion regulation and test anxiety of students and test the remaining effect of this treatment after 3 month. METHODS: Sample size of fifty participants randomly divided into experimental (MBSR) and control groups...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Kelly Trowbridge, Lisa Mische Lawson, Stephanie Andrews, Jodi Pecora, Sabra Boyd
Mindfulness practices, including mindfulness meditation, show promise for decreasing stress among health care providers. This exploratory study investigates the feasibility of a two-day compressed mindfulness-based stress reduction (cMBSR) course provided in the hospital workplace with pediatric health care social workers. The standard course of Jon Kabat-Zinn's MBSR requires a participant commitment to eight weeks of instruction consisting of one 2.5-hour-per-week class, a single day retreat, and 45 minutes of practice for six of seven days each week...
November 1, 2017: Health & Social Work
R S Crane, J Brewer, C Feldman, J Kabat-Zinn, S Santorelli, J M G Williams, W Kuyken
There has been an explosion of interest in mindfulness-based programs (MBPs) such as Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) and Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy. This is demonstrated in increased research, implementation of MBPs in healthcare, educational, criminal justice and workplace settings, and in mainstream interest. For the sustainable development of the field there is a need to articulate a definition of what an MBP is and what it is not. This paper provides a framework to define the essential characteristics of the family of MBPs originating from the parent program MBSR, and the processes which inform adaptations of MBPs for different populations or contexts...
April 2017: Psychological Medicine
Akira Otani
Mindfulness meditation (or simply mindfulness) is an ancient method of attention training. Arguably, developed originally by the Buddha, it has been practiced by Buddhists over 2,500 years as part of their spiritual training. The popularity in mindfulness has soared recently following its adaptation as Mindfulness-Based Stress Management by Jon Kabat-Zinn (1995). Mindfulness is often compared to hypnosis but not all assertions are accurate. This article, as a primer, delineates similarities and dissimilarities between mindfulness and hypnosis in terms of 12 specific facets, including putative neuroscientific findings...
April 2016: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
Jacalyn J Robert-McComb, Andrew Cisneros, Anna Tacón, Rutika Panike, Reid Norman, Xu-Ping Qian, John McGlone
The Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction program (MBSR) of Kabat-Zinn includes a combination of sitting meditation, yoga, and walking; thus, movement is not emphasized primarily to induce a state of awareness. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a Mindfulness-Based Movement Program (MBM) in women on parameters of stress and coping; that is, in contrast to MBSR, MBM primarily emphasized yoga to cultivate awareness. This study investigated: (a) an objective measure of stress (the cortisol response to a laboratory stressor) following an 8-week MBM in year 1 participants only (n = 17; MBM group = 9; Control group = 8); (b) subjective measures of stress following an 8-week MBM in years 1 and 2 (n = 32; MBM = 16; C = 16); and (c) changes in coping style following an 8- week MBM in years 1 and 2 (n = 32; MBM = 16; C = 16)...
2015: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
D Carpentier, L Romo, P Bouthillon-Heitzmann, F Limosin
UNLABELLED: For several years, the learning of mindfulness has developed in a psychological intervention perspective, particularly in the field of addiction. Presently, the management of addictions with substances is centered on two questions: the motivation in the change of behaviour and in a significant change in alcohol consumption. Concerning alcohol dependence, the evolution of behaviour is variable and characterized by forgiveness episodes and relapses. Over many years, a treatment for the abuse of substance associated with techniques based on full consciousness (Kabat-Zinn, 1990; Segal et al...
December 2015: L'Encéphale
Kristin K Barker
This paper examines mindfulness as a popular and paradigmatic alternative healing practice within the context of contemporary medicalization trends. In recognition of the increasingly influential role popular media play in shaping ideas about illness and healing, what follows is a discursive analysis of bestselling mindfulness meditation self-help books and audio recordings by Jon Kabat-Zinn. The central and contradictory elements of this do-it-yourself healing practice as presented in these materials are best understood as aligned with medicalization trends for three principal reasons...
April 2014: Social Science & Medicine
Erica B Oberg, Margaret Rempe, Ryan Bradley
BACKGROUND: Interest in case studies has undergone a resurgence concurrent with increasing prioritization of illustrations of patient-centered care. However, substantial inclusion of the patient in these reports remains limited. Here, a doctor and patient collaborate to present her case report of self-directed mindfulness training and the subsequent changes in blood pressure, migraine frequency, and quality of life. METHODS: After receiving encouragement from her naturopathic doctor, the patient initiated an 8-week program in mindfulness training following the Kabat-Zinn protocol and logged her daily blood pressure and symptoms before and after meditation sessions over an 11-week period...
March 2013: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
Steve Paulson, Richard Davidson, Amishi Jha, Jon Kabat-Zinn
Many of us go through our daily lives on autopilot, not fully aware of our conscious experiences. In a discussion moderated by Steve Paulson, executive producer and host of To the Best of Our Knowledge, neuroscientists Richard Davidson and Amishi Jha and clinical mindfulness expert Jon Kabat-Zinn explore the role of consciousness in mental and physical health, how we can train our minds to be more flexible and adaptable, and cutting-edge neuroscience findings about the transformation of consciousness through mindfulness and contemplative practice...
November 2013: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Stephen Wright
Emeritus professor of medicine John Kabat-Zinn was invited to advise Downing Street earlier this year. He is the founding director of the Stress Reduction Clinic and the center for mindfulness in medicine, health care and society at the University of Massachusetts Medical School.
November 13, 2013: Nursing Standard
Maralyn Foureur, Karyn Besley, Geraldine Burton, Nickolas Yu, Jackie Crisp
Health workers in general, and midwives and nurses in particular, experience high levels of stress/distress due to the nature of their work and workplaces; and, their socialization into ways of working that minimizes the likelihood of self-care. Increasing interest in the development of resilient workers has meant an enormous growth in interest in the role of holistic practices such as mindfulness meditation. Kabat-Zinn's mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) is one of the most commonly used by those seeking to practise, theorize or research mindfulness across multiple contexts...
August 2013: Contemporary Nurse
Mary Ann Dutton, Diana Bermudez, Armely Matas, Haseeb Majid, Neely L Myers
In this article, we consider the use of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) (Kabat-Zinn, 1991) as a community-based intervention to reduce health disparities for low-income, predominantly African American women with a history of intimate partner violence (IPV) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This article presents our rationale for using MBSR as an intervention with this population, the details of its implementation, and a discussion of the feasibility and acceptability of the intervention based on participants' feedback and our observations...
February 1, 2013: Cognitive and Behavioral Practice
Maralyn Foureur, Karyn Besley, Geraldine Burton, Nicholas Yu, Jackie Crisp
Abstract Health workers in general, and midwives and nurses in particular, experience high levels of stress/distress due to the nature of their work and workplaces; and, their socialization into ways of working that minimizes the likelihood of self-care. Increasing interest in the development of resilient workers has meant an enormous growth in interest in the role of holistic practices such as mindfulness meditation. Kabat-Zinn's mindfulness based-stress reduction (MBSR) is one of the most commonly used by those seeking to practice, theorize or research mindfulness across multiple contexts...
May 26, 2013: Contemporary Nurse
Michel Bédard, Melissa Felteau, Shawn Marshall, Sacha Dubois, Carrie Gibbons, Rupert Klein, Bruce Weaver
CONTEXT: Current therapies for traumatic brain injury (TBI) include pharmacotherapy, psychotherapy, and cognitive rehabilitation. Unfortunately, psychological and emotional issues regularly go untreated in individuals with TBI even after they receive treatment for physical, behavioral, and cognitive issues. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) may offer new rehabilitation opportunities for individuals with TBI. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the efficacy of MBCT in the treatment of clinically diagnosed depression in a TBI population...
2012: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
Joanne Azulay, Colette M Smart, Tasha Mott, Keith D Cicerone
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of the mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) program tailored to individuals with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). DESIGN: A convenience sample recruited from clinical referrals over a 2-year period completed outcome measures pre- and posttreatment intervention. SETTING: Post-acute brain injury rehabilitation center within a suburban medical facility. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-two individuals with mTBI and a time postinjury more than 7 months...
July 2013: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Cecile A Lengacher, Kevin E Kip, Michelle Barta, Janice Post-White, Paul B Jacobsen, Maureen Groer, Brandy Lehman, Manolete S Moscoso, Rajendra Kadel, Nancy Le, Loretta Loftus, Craig A Stevens, Mokenge P Malafa, Melissa Molinari Shelton
PURPOSE: To investigate whether a mindfulness-based stress reduction program for cancer (MBSR-C) improved psychological and physical symptoms, quality of life (QOL), and stress markers among advanced-stage cancer patients and caregivers. DESIGN: A pilot within-subject design was used. METHOD: Patients previously diagnosed with advanced-stage breast, colon, lung, or prostate cancer and on treatment were recruited from the Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute...
September 2012: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
Sangram G Patil
Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is challenging to treat with its significant psychological and cognitive behavioural element involved. Mindfulness meditation helps alter the behavioural response in chronic pain situations. Significant body of research in the filed of mindfulness meditation comes from the work of Dr Kabat-Zinn. The current evidence in the field, though not grade one, shows that there is a place for mindfulness meditation in managing chronic pain conditions including CLBP. Further research to test the usefulness of mindfulness in CLBP should involve good quality randomized controlled trials of pure mindfulness based technique in matched subjects...
April 2009: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Mary Deyo, Kimberly A Wilson, Jason Ong, Cheryl Koopman
The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR; Kabat-Zinn, 1982, 1990) training on a self-selected adult community sample in the areas of mindfulness, rumination, depressive symptomatology and overall well-being. Targeting rumination was considered particularly important because a tendency toward rumination in nondepressed populations has been found to be predictive of subsequent onset of depression. As hypothesized, completers of the MBSR class showed increases in mindfulness and overall wellbeing, and decreases in rumination and symptoms of depression...
September 2009: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
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