Read by QxMD icon Read

Helicobacter,autophagy,gastric cancer

Jibran Sualeh Muhammad, Sohachi Nanjo, Takayuki Ando, Satoshi Yamashita, Takao Maekita, Toshikazu Ushijima, Yoshiaki Tabuchi, Toshiro Sugiyama
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection induces methylation silencing of tumor suppressor genes causing gastric carcinogenesis. Impairment of autophagy induces DNA damage leading to genetic instability and carcinogenesis. We aimed to identify whether H. pylori infection induced methylation silencing of host autophagy-related (Atg) genes, impairing autophagy and enhancing gastric carcinogenesis. Gastric mucosae were obtained from 41 gastric cancer patients and 11 healthy volunteers (8 H. pylori-uninfected and 3 H...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Vittorio Ricci
Helicobacter pylori is a Gram-negative bacterium that colonizes the stomach of about half the global population and represents the greatest risk factor for gastric malignancy. The relevance of H. pylori for gastric cancer development is equivalent to that of tobacco smoking for lung cancer. VacA toxin seems to play a pivotal role in the overall strategy of H. pylori towards achieving persistent gastric colonization. This strategy appears to involve the modulation of host cell autophagy. After an overview of autophagy and its role in infection and carcinogenesis, I critically review current knowledge about the action of VacA on host cell autophagy during H...
2016: Toxins
Hao-ran Qian, Yi Yang
Autophagy is a highly regulated catabolic pathway responsible for the degradation of long-lived proteins and damaged intracellular organelles. Perturbations in autophagy are found in gastric cancer. In host gastric cells, autophagy can be induced by Helicobacter pylori (or H. pylori) infection, which is associated with the oncogenesis of gastric cancer. In gastric cancer cells, autophagy has both pro-survival and pro-death functions in determining cell fate. Besides, autophagy modulates gastric cancer metastasis by affecting a wide range of pathological events, including extracellular matrix (ECM) degradation, epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), tumor angiogenesis, and tumor microenvironment...
April 5, 2016: Oncotarget
Wenbo Meng, Bing Bai, Liang Sheng, Yan Li, Ping Yue, Xun Li, Liang Qiao
Gastric cancer is one of the most common cancers of digestive system globally and Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection is believed to be a major risk factor. HP can be classified into different types based on the presence and expression level of CagA and VacA, and, when exposed to adverse environment, HP changes its phenotype from helical type to coccoid type, with each having different pathogenicity. The mechanisms of HP-induced gastric carcinogenesis and progression are complicated, including DNA nitration and oxidation induced by mutagenic factors, HP-induced epigenetic modifications, HP-induced disruption of the balance between cell proliferation and apoptosis, and HP-induced cancer cell invasion and metastasis...
November 2015: Discovery Medicine
Florin Burada, Marius Eugen Ciurea, Raluca Nicoli, Ioana Streata, Ionica Dan Vilcea, Ion Rogoveanu, Mihai Ioana
Gastric cancer is a major leading cause of cancer-related death in both sexes in Europe. The role of autophagy process in carcinogenesis remains unclear and there is increasing evidence that Helicobacter pylori is a key player in modulating autophagy in gastric carcinogenesis. The aim of this study was to assess the potential association of ATG16L1 T300A polymorphism with susceptibility of gastric cancer, and further to analyze the expression profile of ATG16L1 gene in paired tumoral and peritumoral gastric tissue...
April 2016: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
Giovanni Suarez, Judith Romero-Gallo, M Blanca Piazuelo, Ge Wang, Robert J Maier, Lennart S Forsberg, Parastoo Azadi, Martin A Gomez, Pelayo Correa, Richard M Peek
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is the strongest known risk factor for gastric carcinogenesis. One cancer-linked locus is the cag pathogenicity island, which translocates components of peptidoglycan into host cells. NOD1 is an intracellular immune receptor that senses peptidoglycan from Gram-negative bacteria and responds by inducing autophagy and activating NF-κB, leading to inflammation-mediated bacterial clearance; however chronic pathogens can evade NOD1-mediated clearance by altering peptidoglycan structure...
April 15, 2015: Cancer Research
An Mt Van Nuffel, Vidula Sukhatme, Pan Pantziarka, Lydie Meheus, Vikas P Sukhatme, Gauthier Bouche
Clarithromycin (CAM) is a well-known macrolide antibiotic available as a generic drug. CAM is traditionally used for many types of bacterial infections, treatment of Lyme disease and eradication of gastric infection with Helicobacter pylori. Extensive preclinical and clinical data demonstrate a potential role for CAM to treat various tumours in combination with conventional treatment. The mechanisms of action underlying the anti-tumour activity of CAM are multiple and include prolonged reduction of pro-inflammatory cytokines, autophagy inhibition, and anti-angiogenesis...
2015: Ecancermedicalscience
Zongchang Song, Chunliang Guo, Lu Zhu, Pinying Shen, Haitao Wang, Changsheng Guo, Jiahong Tang
Recent researches have suggested that autophagy may play critical roles in tumorigenesis. Immunity-related GTPase family M (IRGM) is a human protein highlighted for its contribution to autophagy upon inflammation and infections. Studies have shown that IRGM is involved in the development of several cancers. In the current study, we investigated expression of IRGM and gastric cancer. Levels of messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein were examined by real-time reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR) and Western blot, respectively...
July 2015: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Natalia Castaño-Rodríguez, Nadeem O Kaakoush, Khean-Lee Goh, Kwong Ming Fock, Hazel M Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Autophagy, a degradation pathway in which cytoplasmic content is engulfed and degraded by lysosomal hydrolases, plays a pivotal role in infection and inflammation. Given that defects in autophagy lead to increased susceptibility to infection, we investigated the role of autophagy in Helicobacter pylori-related gastric cancer (GC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Gene expression of 84 molecules was examined through quantitative real-time PCR in gastric epithelial cells (AGS) and macrophages (THP-1) upon exposure to H...
October 2015: Helicobacter
Hitoshi Tsugawa
Chronic infection with Helicobacter pylori is involved in a variety of clinical outcomes including gastric cancer. In the present study, we focused on the infection strategies of H. pylori associated with establishment of chronic infection. As a result, the following four findings revealed. 1) alpha-ketoglutarate oxidoreductase (KOR) is an essential survival enzyme for energy metabolism in the coccoid form of H. pylori, and inactivation of the KOR activity exerted a potent bactericidal action against H. pylori by preventing induction of the coccoid form...
2014: Nihon Saikingaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Bacteriology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"