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Helicobacter,autophagy,gastric cancer

Paula Díaz, Manuel Valenzuela Valderrama, Jimena Bravo, Andrew F G Quest
Helicobacter pylori ( H. pylori ) infection is the major risk factor associated with the development of gastric cancer. The transition from normal mucosa to non-atrophic gastritis, triggered primarily by H. pylori infection, initiates precancerous lesions which may then progress to atrophic gastritis and intestinal metaplasia. Further progression to dysplasia and gastric cancer is generally believed to be attributable to processes that no longer require the presence of H. pylori . The responses that develop upon H...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Pan Zhu, Jun Xue, Zhu-Jun Zhang, Yin-Ping Jia, Ya-Nan Tong, Dan Han, Qian Li, Yang Xiang, Xu-Hu Mao, Bin Tang
The Helicobacter pylori vacuolating cytotoxin (VacA) can promote progressive vacuolation and gastric injury and may be associated with human gastric cancer. Increasing evidence indicates that autophagy is involved in the cell death induced by VacA, but the specific mechanisms need to be further elucidated. We show here that VacA could induce autophagy and increase cell death in human gastric cancer cell lines. Further investigations revealed that inhibition of autophagy could decrease the VacA-induced cell death in AGS cells...
December 13, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
Michiel C Mommersteeg, Jun Yu, Maikel P Peppelenbosch, Gwenny M Fuhler
Helicobacter Pylori is a gram negative rod shaped microaerophilic bacterium that colonizes the stomach of approximately half the world's population. Infection with c may cause chronic gastritis which via a quite well described process known as Correas cascade can progress through sequential development of atrophic gastritis, intestinal metaplasia and dysplasia to gastric cancer. H. pylori is currently the only bacterium that is classified as a class 1 carcinogen by the WHO, although the exact mechanisms by which this bacterium contributes to gastric carcinogenesis are still poorly understood...
January 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Vania Camilo, Toshiro Sugiyama, Eliette Touati
Helicobacter pylori is responsible for the most commonly found infection in the world's population. It is the major risk factor for gastric cancer development. Numerous studies published over the last year provide new insights into the strategies employed by H. pylori to adapt to the extreme acidic conditions of the gastric environment, to establish persistent infection and to deregulate host functions, leading to gastric pathogenesis and cancer. In this review, we report recent data on the mechanisms involved in chemotaxis, on the essential role of nickel in acid resistance and gastric colonization, on the importance of adhesins and Hop proteins and on the role of CagPAI-components and CagA...
September 2017: Helicobacter
Atousa Haghi, Haniye Azimi, Roja Rahimi
OBJECTIVE: Gastric cancer is one of the most common causes of cancer-related death worldwide. Medicinal plants are one of the main sources for discovery of new pharmacological agents especially for treatment of cancers. The aim of the present study is to review pharmacotherapeutic aspects of three mostly studied phytochemicals including curcumin, quercetin, and allicin for management of gastric cancer. METHODS: Scopus, PubMed, Web of Science, and Google Scholar were searched for the effects of curcumin, quercetin, allicin, and their analogs in gastric cancer...
December 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
Jibran Sualeh Muhammad, Sohachi Nanjo, Takayuki Ando, Satoshi Yamashita, Takao Maekita, Toshikazu Ushijima, Yoshiaki Tabuchi, Toshiro Sugiyama
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection induces methylation silencing of tumor suppressor genes causing gastric carcinogenesis. Impairment of autophagy induces DNA damage leading to genetic instability and carcinogenesis. We aimed to identify whether H. pylori infection induced methylation silencing of host autophagy-related (Atg) genes, impairing autophagy and enhancing gastric carcinogenesis. Gastric mucosae were obtained from 41 gastric cancer patients and 11 healthy volunteers (8 H. pylori-uninfected and 3 H...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Vittorio Ricci
Helicobacter pylori is a Gram-negative bacterium that colonizes the stomach of about half the global population and represents the greatest risk factor for gastric malignancy. The relevance of H. pylori for gastric cancer development is equivalent to that of tobacco smoking for lung cancer. VacA toxin seems to play a pivotal role in the overall strategy of H. pylori towards achieving persistent gastric colonization. This strategy appears to involve the modulation of host cell autophagy. After an overview of autophagy and its role in infection and carcinogenesis, I critically review current knowledge about the action of VacA on host cell autophagy during H...
July 1, 2016: Toxins
Hao-ran Qian, Yi Yang
Autophagy is a highly regulated catabolic pathway responsible for the degradation of long-lived proteins and damaged intracellular organelles. Perturbations in autophagy are found in gastric cancer. In host gastric cells, autophagy can be induced by Helicobacter pylori (or H. pylori) infection, which is associated with the oncogenesis of gastric cancer. In gastric cancer cells, autophagy has both pro-survival and pro-death functions in determining cell fate. Besides, autophagy modulates gastric cancer metastasis by affecting a wide range of pathological events, including extracellular matrix (ECM) degradation, epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), tumor angiogenesis, and tumor microenvironment...
April 5, 2016: Oncotarget
Wenbo Meng, Bing Bai, Liang Sheng, Yan Li, Ping Yue, Xun Li, Liang Qiao
Gastric cancer is one of the most common cancers of digestive system globally and Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection is believed to be a major risk factor. HP can be classified into different types based on the presence and expression level of CagA and VacA, and, when exposed to adverse environment, HP changes its phenotype from helical type to coccoid type, with each having different pathogenicity. The mechanisms of HP-induced gastric carcinogenesis and progression are complicated, including DNA nitration and oxidation induced by mutagenic factors, HP-induced epigenetic modifications, HP-induced disruption of the balance between cell proliferation and apoptosis, and HP-induced cancer cell invasion and metastasis...
November 2015: Discovery Medicine
Florin Burada, Marius Eugen Ciurea, Raluca Nicoli, Ioana Streata, Ionica Dan Vilcea, Ion Rogoveanu, Mihai Ioana
Gastric cancer is a major leading cause of cancer-related death in both sexes in Europe. The role of autophagy process in carcinogenesis remains unclear and there is increasing evidence that Helicobacter pylori is a key player in modulating autophagy in gastric carcinogenesis. The aim of this study was to assess the potential association of ATG16L1 T300A polymorphism with susceptibility of gastric cancer, and further to analyze the expression profile of ATG16L1 gene in paired tumoral and peritumoral gastric tissue...
April 2016: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
Giovanni Suarez, Judith Romero-Gallo, M Blanca Piazuelo, Ge Wang, Robert J Maier, Lennart S Forsberg, Parastoo Azadi, Martin A Gomez, Pelayo Correa, Richard M Peek
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is the strongest known risk factor for gastric carcinogenesis. One cancer-linked locus is the cag pathogenicity island, which translocates components of peptidoglycan into host cells. NOD1 is an intracellular immune receptor that senses peptidoglycan from Gram-negative bacteria and responds by inducing autophagy and activating NF-κB, leading to inflammation-mediated bacterial clearance; however chronic pathogens can evade NOD1-mediated clearance by altering peptidoglycan structure...
April 15, 2015: Cancer Research
An Mt Van Nuffel, Vidula Sukhatme, Pan Pantziarka, Lydie Meheus, Vikas P Sukhatme, Gauthier Bouche
Clarithromycin (CAM) is a well-known macrolide antibiotic available as a generic drug. CAM is traditionally used for many types of bacterial infections, treatment of Lyme disease and eradication of gastric infection with Helicobacter pylori. Extensive preclinical and clinical data demonstrate a potential role for CAM to treat various tumours in combination with conventional treatment. The mechanisms of action underlying the anti-tumour activity of CAM are multiple and include prolonged reduction of pro-inflammatory cytokines, autophagy inhibition, and anti-angiogenesis...
2015: Ecancermedicalscience
Zongchang Song, Chunliang Guo, Lu Zhu, Pinying Shen, Haitao Wang, Changsheng Guo, Jiahong Tang
Recent researches have suggested that autophagy may play critical roles in tumorigenesis. Immunity-related GTPase family M (IRGM) is a human protein highlighted for its contribution to autophagy upon inflammation and infections. Studies have shown that IRGM is involved in the development of several cancers. In the current study, we investigated expression of IRGM and gastric cancer. Levels of messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein were examined by real-time reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR) and Western blot, respectively...
July 2015: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Natalia Castaño-Rodríguez, Nadeem O Kaakoush, Khean-Lee Goh, Kwong Ming Fock, Hazel M Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Autophagy, a degradation pathway in which cytoplasmic content is engulfed and degraded by lysosomal hydrolases, plays a pivotal role in infection and inflammation. Given that defects in autophagy lead to increased susceptibility to infection, we investigated the role of autophagy in Helicobacter pylori-related gastric cancer (GC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Gene expression of 84 molecules was examined through quantitative real-time PCR in gastric epithelial cells (AGS) and macrophages (THP-1) upon exposure to H...
October 2015: Helicobacter
Hitoshi Tsugawa
Chronic infection with Helicobacter pylori is involved in a variety of clinical outcomes including gastric cancer. In the present study, we focused on the infection strategies of H. pylori associated with establishment of chronic infection. As a result, the following four findings revealed. 1) alpha-ketoglutarate oxidoreductase (KOR) is an essential survival enzyme for energy metabolism in the coccoid form of H. pylori, and inactivation of the KOR activity exerted a potent bactericidal action against H. pylori by preventing induction of the coccoid form...
2014: Nihon Saikingaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Bacteriology
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