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"Bengal cat"

Brian A Scansen, Kyla L Morgan
OBJECTIVES: The Bengal is a relatively new hybrid breed, reported to develop hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. The aim of this study was to determine reference intervals for echocardiographic measurements in Bengal cats. ANIMALS: Sixty-six apparently healthy Bengal cats. METHODS: The study included a retrospective review of echocardiograms from 39 Bengal cats evaluated from March 2004 to June 2012 and reported to be normal by a board-certified cardiologist...
December 2015: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
Orsolya Balogh, Alice Berger, Aldona Pieńkowska-Schelling, Florian Willmitzer, Paula Grest, Fredi Janett, Claude Schelling, Iris M Reichler
A 23-month-old tomcat was referred to our clinic because of male behavioral problems, cryptorchidism, and an undefined intra-abdominal organ resembling a uterus. Ultrasonography and computed tomography showed 2 fluid-filled tubular structures dorsolaterally to the bladder and connected to the pelvic urethra. The cat was castrated, and the tubular structures were surgically removed. Histology identified them as Müllerian duct remnants. The testes were hypoplastic, the epididymes and deferent ducts were normal...
2015: Sexual Development: Genetics, Molecular Biology, Evolution, Endocrinology, Embryology, and Pathology of Sex Determination and Differentiation
Ron Ofri, Christopher M Reilly, David J Maggs, Paul G Fitzgerald, Yael Shilo-Benjamini, Kathryn L Good, Robert A Grahn, Danielle D Splawski, Leslie A Lyons
PURPOSE: A form of retinal degeneration suspected to be hereditary was discovered in a family of Bengal cats. A breeding colony was established to characterize disease progression clinically, electrophysiologically, and morphologically, and to investigate the mode of inheritance. METHODS: Affected and related cats were donated by owners for breeding trials and pedigree analysis. Kittens from test and complementation breedings underwent ophthalmic and neuro-ophthalmic examinations and ERG, and globes were evaluated using light microscopy...
August 2015: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
M Aleman, P J Dickinson, D C Williams, B K Sturges, R A LeCouteur, K M Vernau, G D Shelton
BACKGROUND: Reports of motor polyneuropathies in young cats are scarce. Further, in-depth electrophysiologic evaluation to confirm a motor polyneuropathy in young cats of various breeds other than 2 Bengal cats is lacking. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To confirm a motor polyneuropathy in young cats of various breeds. ANIMALS: Five young cats with heterogenous chronic or relapsing episodes of weakness. METHODS: Retrospective case series...
November 2014: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
L C Gershony, M C T Penedo, B W Davis, W J Murphy, C R Helps, L A Lyons
Coat colours and patterns are highly variable in cats and are determined mainly by several genes with Mendelian inheritance. A 2-bp deletion in agouti signalling protein (ASIP) is associated with melanism in domestic cats. Bengal cats are hybrids between domestic cats and Asian leopard cats (Prionailurus bengalensis), and the charcoal coat colouration/pattern in Bengals presents as a possible incomplete melanism. The complete coding region of ASIP was directly sequenced in Asian leopard, domestic and Bengal cats...
December 2014: Animal Genetics
D M Imai, J L Miller, B C Leonard, J Bach, R Drees, H Steinberg, L B C Teixeira
An adult Bengal cat (Felis catus × Prionailurus bengalensis) with a prolonged history of partial anorexia, regurgitation, and weight loss and a clinical, radiographic, and ultrasonographic diagnosis of persistent megaesophagus and gastrointestinal ileus was submitted for necropsy. The intestinal tract was diffusely distended by gas and fluid with appreciable loss of muscle tone and an absence of luminal obstruction, consistent with the clinical history of chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction. Histologically, the autonomic nervous system was intact, but the smooth muscle within the gastrointestinal wall exhibited a marked basophilia that was most pronounced in the jejunum...
May 2014: Veterinary Pathology
Melissa D Sánchez, Michael H Goldschmidt, Elizabeth A Mauldin
BACKGROUND: Cats with feline herpesvirus (FeHV-1)-associated dermatitis typically present with ulcerative lesions on the rostral muzzle and nasal planum. This report describes FeHV-1 dermatitis in the flank region, in the absence of facial lesions. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: Clinicians should be aware of this unusual manifestation of FeHV-1 dermatitis to prevent potential misdiagnosis. ANIMALS: A 12-year-old male castrated Bengal cat and a 3-year-old male castrated Siamese cat with plaques and ulcers in the flank region are described...
April 2012: Veterinary Dermatology
A C Bensfield, J Evans, J P Pesayco, A P Mizisin, G D Shelton
BACKGROUND: With the exception of diabetic neuropathy, polyneuropathy associated with hyperchylomicronemia, and a few inherited polyneuropathies, peripheral neuropathies are poorly characterized in cats. A chronic polyneuropathy is described in a cohort of young Bengal cats. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the clinical and histopathological features of a chronic-relapsing peripheral neuropathy in young Bengal cats. ANIMALS: Thirty-seven young Bengal cats with clinical weakness consistent with peripheral neuropathy...
July 2011: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Dimitri Leperlier, Rosario Vallefuoco, Eve Laloy, Julien Debeaupuits, Pauline De Fornel Thibaud, François-Lucien Crespeau, Jacques Guillot
A 3-year-old neutered male Bengal cat with a history of chronic mucopurulent bilateral nasal discharge and sneezing was diagnosed with severe fungal rhinosinusitis. A diagnosis was obtained after computer tomography imaging, histopathological examination and fungal culture. The mold Scedosporium apiospermum was identified as the aetiological agent. To our knowledge, this case is the first description of a rhinitis or sinusitis caused by this agent in a cat. Aggressive surgical debridement combined with topical and systemic antifungal therapy was performed...
December 2010: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Danièlle A Gunn-Moore, Kerry E Simpson, Michael J Day
Blood samples from 100 adult Bengal cats from the UK were submitted for assessment of blood type using RapidVet-H Feline blood typing cards (dms Laboratories), with further assessment by standard blood typing in a microtitre plate assay when card typing was inconclusive or revealed blood type B or AB. Ninety-eight cats were found to be type A when assessed using the blood typing cards. One cat initially tested as type AB but was found to be type A on testing a second blood sample using the blood typing cards...
October 2009: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Hun-Young Yoon, F A Mann, Soon-Wuk Jeong
Two sexually intact male Bengal cats, one a 4-month-old weighing 2.8 kg and the other, a 3-month-old weighing 2.0 kg, were presented to the University of Missouri-Columbia Veterinary Teaching Hospital for evaluation of respiratory distress. On initial presentation, both cats were dyspneic, exercise intolerant, and had marked concave deformation of the caudal sternum. Surgical correction of pectus excavatum was performed using a cylindrical external splint and U-shaped external splint. Post-operative thoracic radiography revealed that there was decreased concavity of the sternum and increased thoracic height at the level of the caudal sternebrae in both cats...
September 2008: Journal of Veterinary Science
Nicolas Granger, Catherine E Stalin, Thomas B Harcourt Brown, Nick D Jeffery
This report describes a rapidly progressive loss of motor function in a 16-month-old male neutered Bengal cat, beginning in the pelvic limbs and progressing to involve all limbs and rendering the cat non-ambulatory. The neurological examination revealed flaccid tetraparesis with decreased spinal reflexes but preserved conscious proprioception and skin sensation. Extensive electrophysiological tests were conducted including electromyography, motor and sensory peripheral nerves potential recordings and 'late' potentials, defining the electrodiagnostic characteristics of this disease...
December 2008: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Elizabeth J Kather, Stanley L Marks, Philip H Kass
BACKGROUND: The nitroimidazole, ronidazole, has been demonstrated to have in vitro and in vivo activity against the protozoan Tritrichomonas foetus in cats. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the in vitro susceptibility of feline T. foetus isolates obtained from naturally infected cats to 5 antimicrobial agents and to compare the in vitro time kill of ronidazole and metronidazole. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that nitroimidazoles have in vitro activity against T...
September 2007: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Danièlle A Gunn-Moore, Theresa M McCann, Nicki Reed, Kerry E Simpson, Bryn Tennant
Faecal samples from 111 cats with diarrhoea that were living in the UK were submitted for the assessment of Tritrichomonas foetus infection by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Sixteen (14.4%) samples were found to be positive. In agreement with studies from the USA, infected cats were predominantly of a year of age or less and of a pedigree breed, with Siamese and Bengal cats specifically over-represented in this population.
June 2007: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
E T Bell, R Malik, J M Norris
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between Feline Coronavirus (FCoV) antibody titres and age, breed, gender and health status of Australian cats DESIGN: Retrospective study PROCEDURE: Results from two serological tests that measure FCoV antibody levels, the Coronase test and the 7B Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP) test, were recorded over a 2-year period, with patient signalment, history, presenting complaint and the reason for ordering the test (as available)...
January 2006: Australian Veterinary Journal
T Scholz, M Uhlírová, O Ditrich
A total of 55 domestic cats (Felis catus f. domestica) and one wild (Bengal) cat (Prionaluirus bengalensis) from the Vientiane Province, central Laos, were examined for helminth parasites with emphasis given to potential human parasites. The following species were found (parasites infective to man marked with an asterisk): Opisthorchis viverrini, Haplorchis pumilio, H. taichui, H. yokogawai, Stellantchasmus falcatus (Digenea); Spirometra sp., Dipylidium caninum, Taenia taeniaeformis (Cestoda); Capillariidae gen...
December 2003: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
S R Bright, R J Mellanby, J M Williams
A 16 month old cat presented with a history of acute onset oral pain and hypersalivation. Oral examination revealed a wooden stick that protruded from the right sublingual region. Lateral cervical radiography showed retro pharyngeal gas lucencies. An 11 cm wooden stick was removed per os and the resulting tract was endoscopically explored. There were no post-operative complications and the cat remains disease free four months after presentation. In contrast to dogs, where oropharyngeal stick injuries are an uncommon albeit well recognised condition, there have been no previous case reports of oropharyngeal stick injuries in the cat...
September 2002: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
J E Foley, S L Marks, L Munson, A Melli, F E Dewhirst, S Yu, Z Shen, J G Fox
On the basis of biochemical, phenotypic, and 16S rRNA analyses, Helicobacter canis was isolated from Bengal cats with and without chronic diarrhea. Because the cats were coinfected with other potential pathogens, including Campylobacter helveticus, and because H. canis was isolated from nondiarrheic cats, the causal role of H. canis in producing the diarrhea could not be proven. Histologically, the colons of the four affected cats were characterized by mild to moderate neutrophilic, plasmacytic, and histocytic infiltrates in the lamina propria...
October 1999: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
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