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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155302/repeated-exposure-to-sevoflurane-impairs-the-learning-and-memory-of-older-male-rats
#1
Shanbin Guo, Lidan Liu, Cong Wang, Qian Jiang, Yunxia Dong, Yue Tian
AIMS: Critically ill old patients sometimes require repeated surgical interventions, and thus it is important to determine the influence of repeated exposure to anesthetics on learning and memory. Sevoflurane, a widely used inhalation anesthetic, has few neurological adverse effects and offers a rapid return to consciousness. But the long-term influence of sevoflurane exposure and the effect of repeated sevoflurane exposure on cognition have rarely been reported, and available studies are contradictory...
November 16, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154628/the-bandwidth-of-vwm-consolidation-varies-with-the-stimulus-feature-evidence-from-event-related-potentials
#2
Renning Hao, Mark W Becker, Chaoxiong Ye, Qiang Liu, Taosheng Liu
Our previous work suggests that 2 colors can be consolidated into visual short-term memory (VSTM) in parallel without a loss of memory precision, whereas consolidation of 2 orientations is performed in a strictly serial manner. Those experiments compared VSTM performance for simultaneously and sequentially presented stimuli. However, there is still controversy about whether the bandwidth for consolidation is determined by the type of information. To further investigate this issue, here we measured electroencephalography while participants attempted to consolidate 1, 2 or 4 simultaneously presented colors (Experiment 1) or orientations (Experiment 2) under limited presentation times...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154270/ubisol-q10-a-nanomicellar-water-soluble-formulation-of-coq10-treatment-inhibits-alzheimer-type-behavioral-and-pathological-symptoms-in-a-double-transgenic%C3%A2-mouse%C3%A2-tgapeswe-%C3%A2-psen1de9-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#3
Krithika Muthukumaran, Annie Kanwar, Caleb Vegh, Alexandra Marginean, Austin Elliott, Nicholas Guilbeault, Alexander Badour, Marianna Sikorska, Jerome Cohen, Siyaram Pandey
 Alzheimer's disease (AD) is one of the most common neurodegenerative pathologies for which there are no effective therapies to halt disease progression. Given the increase in the incidence of this disorder, there is an urgent need for pharmacological intervention. Unfortunately, recent clinical trials produced disappointing results. Molecular mechanisms of AD are converging on the notion that mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative stress, and accumulation of dysfunctional proteins are involved in AD pathology...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154034/effects-of-grasp-compatibility-on-long-term-memory-for-objects
#4
Ivonne Canits, Diane Pecher, René Zeelenberg
Previous studies have shown action potentiation during conceptual processing of manipulable objects. In four experiments, we investigated whether these motor actions also play a role in long-term memory. Participants categorized objects that afforded either a power grasp or a precision grasp as natural or artifact by grasping cylinders with either a power grasp or a precision grasp. In all experiments, responses were faster when the affordance of the object was compatible with the type of grasp response. However, subsequent free recall and recognition memory tasks revealed no better memory for object pictures and object names for which the grasp affordance was compatible with the grasp response...
November 15, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152735/6%C3%A2-hz-corneal-kindling-in-mice-triggers-neurobehavioral-comorbidities-accompanied-by-relevant-changes-in-c-fos-immunoreactivity-throughout-the-brain
#5
Giulia Albertini, Laura Walrave, Thomas Demuyser, Ann Massie, Dimitri De Bundel, Ilse Smolders
OBJECTIVE: Besides seizures, patients with epilepsy are affected by a variety of cognitive and psychiatric comorbidities that further impair their quality of life. The present study provides an in-depth characterization of the behavioral alterations induced by 6 Hz corneal kindling. Furthermore, we correlate these behavioral changes to alterations in c-Fos protein expression throughout the brain following kindling. METHODS: Adolescent male Naval Medical Research Institute (NMRI) mice were kindled via repetitive subconvulsive 6 Hz corneal stimulations until they reached the fully kindled state (defined as 10 consecutive generalized seizures)...
November 20, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150679/dynamics-of-high-frequency-brain-activity
#6
Steven X Moffett, Sean M O'Malley, Shushuang Man, Dawei Hong, Joseph V Martin
Evidence suggests that electroencephalographic (EEG) activity extends far beyond the traditional frequency range. Much of the prior study of >120 Hz EEG is in epileptic brains. In the current work, we measured EEG activity in the range of 200 to 2000 Hz, in the brains of healthy, spontaneously behaving rats. Both arrhythmic (1/f-type) and rhythmic (band) activities were identified and their properties shown to depend on EEG-defined stage of sleep/wakefulness. The inverse power law exponent of 1/f-type noise is shown to decrease from 3...
November 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149906/forebrain-specific-conditional-silencing-of-staufen2-alters-synaptic-plasticity-learning-and-memory-in-rats
#7
Stefan M Berger, Iván Fernández-Lamo, Kai Schönig, Sandra M Fernández Moya, Janina Ehses, Rico Schieweck, Stefano Clementi, Thomas Enkel, Sascha Grothe, Oliver von Bohlen Und Halbach, Inmaculada Segura, José María Delgado-García, Agnès Gruart, Michael A Kiebler, Dusan Bartsch
BACKGROUND: Dendritic messenger RNA (mRNA) localization and subsequent local translation in dendrites critically contributes to synaptic plasticity and learning and memory. Little is known, however, about the contribution of RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) to these processes in vivo. RESULTS: To delineate the role of the double-stranded RBP Staufen2 (Stau2), we generate a transgenic rat model, in which Stau2 expression is conditionally silenced by Cre-inducible expression of a microRNA (miRNA) targeting Stau2 mRNA in adult forebrain neurons...
November 17, 2017: Genome Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147948/adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-and-subjective-cognitive-function-in-men
#8
Ambika Bhushan, Elinor Fondell, Alberto Ascherio, Changzheng Yuan, Francine Grodstein, Walter Willett
Benefits of a Mediterranean diet for cognition have been suggested, but epidemiologic studies have been relatively small and of limited duration. To prospectively assess the association between long-term adherence to a Mediterranean dietary pattern and self-reported subjective cognitive function (SCF). Prospective observational study. The Health Professionals' Follow-up Study, a prospective cohort of 51,529 men, 40-75 years of age when enrolled in 1986, of whom 27,842 were included in the primary analysis...
November 17, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147584/il-33-acts-to-express-schaffer-collateral-ca1-ltp-and-regulate-learning-and-memory-by-targeting-myd88
#9
Tomoyuki Nishizaki
Interleukin-33 (IL-33) is recognized to transmit a signal through a heterodimeric receptor complex ST2/interleukin-1 receptor accessory protein (IL-1RAcP) bearing activation of myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88). High-frequency stimulation to the Schaffer collateral induced long-term potentiation (LTP) in the CA1 region of hippocampal slices from wild-type control mice. Schaffer collateral/CA1 LTP in IL-33-deficient mice was significantly suppressed, which was neutralized by application with IL-33. Similar suppression of the LTP was found with MyD88-deficient mice but not with ST2-deficient mice...
2017: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145007/sleep-preserves-original-and-distorted-memory-traces
#10
Scott A Cairney, Shane Lindsay, Ken A Paller, M Gareth Gaskell
Retrieval facilitates the long-term retention of memories, but may also enable stored representations to be updated with new information that is available at the time of retrieval. However, if information integrated during retrieval is erroneous, future recall can be impaired: a phenomenon known as retrieval-induced distortion (RID). Whether RID causes an "overwriting" of existing memory traces or leads to the co-existence of original and distorted memory traces is unknown. Because sleep enhances memory consolidation, the effects of sleep after RID can provide novel insights into the structure of updated memories...
October 16, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143805/mechanisms-of-acupuncture-therapy-in-ischemic-stroke-rehabilitation-a-literature-review-of-basic-studies
#11
REVIEW
Lina M Chavez, Shiang-Suo Huang, Iona MacDonald, Jaung-Geng Lin, Yu-Chen Lee, Yi-Hung Chen
Acupuncture is recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) as an alternative and complementary strategy for stroke treatment and for improving stroke care. Clinical trial and meta-analysis findings have demonstrated the efficacy of acupuncture in improving balance function, reducing spasticity, and increasing muscle strength and general well-being post-stroke. The mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of acupuncture in stroke rehabilitation remain unclear. The aim of this study was to conduct a literature review, summarize the current known mechanisms in ischemic stroke rehabilitation through acupuncture and electroacupuncture (EA) therapy, and to detail the frequently used acupoints implicated in these effects...
October 28, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142062/the-serine-protease-inhibitor-neuroserpin-is-required-for-normal-synaptic-plasticity-and-regulates-learning-and-social-behavior
#12
Rebecca Reumann, Ricardo Vierk, Lepu Zhou, Frederice Gries, Vanessa Kraus, Julia Mienert, Eva Romswinkel, Fabio Morellini, Isidre Ferrer, Chiara Nicolini, Margaret Fahnestock, Gabriele Rune, Markus Glatzel, Giovanna Galliciotti
The serine protease inhibitor neuroserpin regulates the activity of tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) in the nervous system. Neuroserpin expression is particularly prominent at late stages of neuronal development in most regions of the central nervous system (CNS), whereas it is restricted to regions related to learning and memory in the adult brain. The physiological expression pattern of neuroserpin, its high degree of colocalization with tPA within the CNS, together with its dysregulation in neuropsychiatric disorders, suggest a role in formation and refinement of synapses...
December 2017: Learning & Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141217/th1-like-plasmodium-specific-memory-cd4-t-cells-support-humoral-immunity
#13
Ryan A Zander, Rahul Vijay, Angela D Pack, Jenna J Guthmiller, Amy C Graham, Scott E Lindner, Ashley M Vaughan, Stefan H I Kappe, Noah S Butler
Effector T cells exhibiting features of either T helper 1 (Th1) or T follicular helper (Tfh) populations are essential to control experimental Plasmodium infection and are believed to be critical for resistance to clinical malaria. To determine whether Plasmodium-specific Th1- and Tfh-like effector cells generate memory populations that contribute to protection, we developed transgenic parasites that enable high-resolution study of anti-malarial memory CD4 T cells in experimental models. We found that populations of both Th1- and Tfh-like Plasmodium-specific memory CD4 T cells persist...
November 14, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141213/cpeb2-activates-grasp1-mrna-translation-and-promotes-ampa-receptor-surface-expression-long-term-potentiation-and-memory
#14
Wen-Hsin Lu, Nai-Hsing Yeh, Yi-Shuian Huang
Activity-dependent synthesis of plasticity-related proteins is necessary to sustain long-lasting synaptic modifications and consolidate memory. We investigated the role of the translational regulator cytoplasmic polyadenylation element binding protein 2 (CPEB2) in learning and memory because regulated mRNA translation contributes to synaptic plasticity. Forebrain-restricted CPEB2 conditional knockout (cKO) mice exhibited impaired hippocampus-dependent memory in contextual fear conditioning and Morris water maze tests...
November 14, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138980/cd28-neg-t-lymphocytes-of-a-melanoma-patient-harbor-tumor-immunity-and-a-high-frequency-of-germline-encoded-and-public-tcrs
#15
Hisayoshi Hashimoto, Marco Sterk, Karin Schilbach
Increased numbers of CD8(+)CD28(neg.) T cells have been detected in the peripheral blood of patients with several types of malignancies. However, the role of these cells in anticancer immunity are not yet clear and CD8(+)CD28(neg.) T cells are a controversially discussed subpopulation reported both as immunosuppressive and cytotoxic. In this study, we examined the T cell receptor (TCR) repertoire and complementarity-determining region 3 sequences of CD28(neg.) T cells in a melanoma patient with recurrent disease who achieved long-term disease-free status...
November 14, 2017: Immunologic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138490/bidirectional-modulation-of-hippocampal-synaptic-plasticity-by-dopaminergic-d4-receptors-in-the-ca1-area-of-hippocampus
#16
Sheeja Navakkode, Katherine C M Chew, Sabrina Jia Ning Tay, Qingshu Lin, Thomas Behnisch, Tuck Wah Soong
Long-term potentiation (LTP) is the persistent increase in the strength of the synapses. However, the neural networks would become saturated if there is only synaptic strenghthening. Synaptic weakening could be facilitated by active processes like long-term depression (LTD). Molecular mechanisms that facilitate the weakening of synapses and thereby stabilize the synapses are also important in learning and memory. Here we show that blockade of dopaminergic D4 receptors (D4R) promoted the formation of late-LTP and transformed early-LTP into late-LTP...
November 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138358/epileptic-pilocarpine-treated-rats-exhibit-aberrant-hippocampal-epsp-spike-potentiation-but-retain-long-term-potentiation
#17
Ezekiel Carpenter-Hyland, Edyta K Bichler, Mathew Smith, Robert S Sloviter, Morris Benveniste
Hippocampal neuron plasticity is strongly associated with learning, memory, and cognition. In addition to modification of synaptic function and connectivity, the capacity of hippocampal neurons to undergo plasticity involves the ability to change nonsynaptic excitability. This includes altering the probability that EPSPs will generate action potentials (E-S plasticity). Epilepsy is a prevalent neurological disorder commonly associated with neuronal hyperexcitability and cognitive dysfunction. We examined E-S plasticity in chronically epileptic Sprague-Dawley rats 3-10 weeks after pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus CA1 neurons in hippocampal slices were assayed by whole-cell current clamp to measure EPSPs evoked by Schaffer collateral stimulation...
November 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138296/the-genetics-of-pkm%C3%AE-and-memory-maintenance
#18
REVIEW
Todd Charlton Sacktor, Johannes W Hell
Elucidating the molecular mechanisms that maintain long-term memory is a fundamental goal of neuroscience. Accumulating evidence suggests that persistent signaling by the atypical protein kinase C (PKC) isoform protein kinase Mζ (PKMζ) might maintain synaptic long-term potentiation (LTP) and long-term memory. However, the role of PKMζ has been challenged by genetic data from PKMζ-knockout mice showing intact LTP and long-term memory. Moreover, the PKMζ inhibitor peptide ζ inhibitory peptide (ZIP) reverses LTP and erases memory in both wild-type and knockout mice...
November 14, 2017: Science Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137877/immune-analysis-of-radium-223-in-patients-with-metastatic-prostate-cancer
#19
Joseph W Kim, Min Sun Shin, Youna Kang, Insoo Kang, Daniel P Petrylak
BACKGROUND: Radium223 (Ra223) delivers high-energy radiation to osteoblastic metastasis of prostate cancer, resulting in irreparable double-stranded DNA damage. The effects of Ra223 on CD8+ T cell subsets in patients with prostate cancer is unknown. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifteen men with metastatic prostate cancer with clinical indication for Ra223 without any autoimmune or immune deficiency conditions were enrolled. Patients received a course of Ra223 50 kBq/kg...
October 24, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137473/effect-of-short-and-long-term-administration-of-baclofen-on-spatial-learning-and-memory-in-rats
#20
M Holajova, M Franek
Baclofen is the only clinically available metabotropic GABAB receptor agonist. In our experiment, we tested the hypothesis that long-term baclofen administration can impair learning and memory in rats. The experiment consisted of three parts. In the first part of the study the drug was administered simultaneously with the beginning of the behavioral tests. In the second and third part of the experiment baclofen was administered daily for 14 days and for one month before the tests. In each part of the experiment, adult rats were randomly divided into four treatment groups...
November 10, 2017: Physiological Research
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