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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723798/the-safety-and-effectiveness-of-robot-assisted-versus-laparoscopic-tme-in-patients-with-rectal-cancer-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#1
Xiaofei Li, Tao Wang, Liang Yao, Lidong Hu, Penghui Jin, Tiankang Guo, Kehu Yang
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the safety and effectiveness of robotic-assisted versus laparoscopic total mesorectal excision (TME) in patients with rectal cancer. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane library, Web of science, and Chinese Biomedical Literature Database up to July 2016 to identify case-controlled studies that compared robotic TME (RTME) with laparoscopic TME (LTME) for rectal cancer. GRADE was used to interpret the primary outcomes of this meta-analysis...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722180/a-generic-tg-186-shielded-applicator-for-commissioning-model-based-dose-calculation-algorithms-for-high-dose-rate-192-ir-brachytherapy
#2
Yunzhi Ma, Javier Vijande, Facundo Ballester, Åsa Carlsson Tedgren, Domingo Granero, Annette Haworth, Firas Mourtada, Gabriel Paiva Fonseca, Kyveli Zourari, Panagiotis Papagiannis, Mark J Rivard, Frank André Siebert, Ron S Sloboda, Ryan Smith, Marc J P Chamberland, Rowan M Thomson, Frank Verhaegen, Luc Beaulieu
PURPOSE: A joint working group was created by the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM), the European Society for Radiotherapy and Oncology (ESTRO), and the Australasian Brachytherapy Group (ABG) with the charge, among others, to develop a set of well-defined test case plans and perform model-based dose calculation algorithms (MBDCA) dose calculations and comparisons. Its main goal is to facilitate a smooth transition from the AAPM Task Group No. 43 (TG-43) dose calculation formalism, widely being used in clinical practice for brachytherapy, to the one proposed by Task Group No...
July 19, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721904/treatment-planning-system-calculation-errors-are-present-in-most-imaging-and-radiation-oncology-core-houston-phantom-failures
#3
James R Kerns, Francesco Stingo, David S Followill, Rebecca M Howell, Adam Melancon, Stephen F Kry
PURPOSE: The anthropomorphic phantom program at the Houston branch of the Imaging and Radiation Oncology Core (IROC-Houston) is an end-to-end test that can be used to determine whether an institution can accurately model, calculate, and deliver an intensity modulated radiation therapy dose distribution. Currently, institutions that do not meet IROC-Houston's criteria have no specific information with which to identify and correct problems. In the present study, an independent recalculation system was developed to identify treatment planning system (TPS) calculation errors...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719897/clinical-manifestations-and-prognostic-factors-of-pneumocystis-jirovecii-pneumonia-without-hiv
#4
Nobuhiro Asai, Shinji Motojima, Yoshihiro Ohkuni, Ryo Matsunuma, Takuya Iwasaki, Kei Nakashima, Keiji Sogawa, Tamao Nakashita, Norihiro Kaneko
INTRODUCTION: Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) can occur in HIV patients but also in those without HIV (non-HIV PCP) but with other causes of immunodeficiency including malignancy or rheumatic diseases. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: To evaluate the clinical presentation and prognostic factors of non-HIV PCP, we retrospectively reviewed all patients diagnosed as having PCP without HIV at Kameda Medical Center, Chiba, Japan, from January 2005 until June 2012. For the purpose of examining a prognostic factor for non-HIV PCP with 30-day mortality, we compared the characteristics of patients, clinical symptoms, radiological images, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (PS), and the time from the onset of respiratory symptoms to the start of therapy, in both survival and fatality groups...
July 19, 2017: Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712988/the-spanish-adaptation-of-the-palliative-performance-scale-version-2-among-cancer-patients-at-the-end-of-life-psychometric-properties
#5
Eva Barallat, Maria Nabal, Jaume Canal, Javier Trujillano, Montse Gea-Sánchez, Philip J Larkin, Michael G Downing
BACKGROUND: Palliative Performance Scale (PPS) is a reliable tool to assess performance status in cancer patients receiving palliative care. Spanish validated and culturally adapted tools are needed. OBJECTIVES: To develop PPS translation and cross-cultural adaptation into Spanish. To assess its psychometric properties. DESIGN: Translation process with cross-cultural adaptation to produce Spanish Palliative Performance Scale (PPS-SPANISH)...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712058/reliance-on-medicinal-plant-therapy-among-cancer-patients-in-jamaica
#6
Kimberley Foster, Novie Younger, William Aiken, Doreen Brady-West, Rupika Delgoda
PURPOSE: Patients' perspective of their treatment regime plays a vital role in its success. Recognizing the high prevalence of medicinal plant usage among Jamaicans at large, we investigated the engagement of such remedies by cancer patients, with the aim of uncovering self-medicating habits, perceptions and details of utilized plants. METHODS: A structured, interviewer-based questionnaire was administered to 100 patients attending the oncology and urology clinics at the University Hospital of the West Indies in Kingston, Jamaica...
July 15, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711886/contribution-of-mortality-from-cardiovascular-disease-to-overall-mortality
#7
Grigory A Oksak, Irina A Golovanova
INTRODUCTION: The most significant chronic non-infectious diseases (CVD) are cardiovascular diseases (CVD), oncological, chronic respiratory diseases, diabetes, which together account for 59% of 57 million deaths each year in the world and constitute 46% of the global burden of the disease. AIM: To study the contribution of cardiovascular diseases to the overall mortality of the population of the Poltava region. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For the study, the mortality data of the population of Ukraine and the Poltava region for 2005-2015 were used...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711571/effectiveness-of-single-dose-rasburicase-in-patients-with-lymphoid-malignancies-at-a-high-risk-for-tumor-lysis-syndrome
#8
Young-Woo Jeon, Dae-Hun Kwak, Sung-Soo Park, Jae-Ho Yoon, Sung-Eun Lee, Ki-Seong Eom, Yoo-Jin Kim, Hee-Je Kim, Seok Lee, Chang-Ki Min, Jong-Wook Lee, Woo-Sung Min, Seok-Goo Cho
BACKGROUND: Tumor lysis syndrome (TLS) is a life-threatening disorder that occurs mainly in patients with high-tumor burden hemato-oncologic malignancies. It results in metabolic derangements, including hyperuricemia and acute renal failure. The powerful management for TLS is a daily dose of rasburicase for up to 5 days before chemotherapy; however, the optimal dose and duration of rasburicase for TLS prophylaxis have not been standardized for patients at high risk for TLS. Therefore, we evaluated the efficacy of single-dose rasburicase for prophylactic purposes in patients with malignant lymphoma at high risk for TLS...
June 27, 2017: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma & Leukemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711478/dosimetric-comparison-of-peripheral-nsclc-sbrt-using-acuros-xb-and-aaa-calculation-algorithms
#9
Chloe C H Ong, Khong Wei Ang, Roger C X Soh, Kah Ming Tin, Jerome H H Yap, James C L Lee, Christopher M Bragg
There is a concern for dose calculation in highly heterogenous environments such as the thorax region. This study compares the quality of treatment plans of peripheral non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) using 2 calculation algorithms, namely, Eclipse Anisotropic Analytical Algorithm (AAA) and Acuros External Beam (AXB), for 3-dimensional conformal radiation therapy (3DCRT) and volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT). Four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) data from 20 anonymized patients were studied using Varian Eclipse planning system, AXB, and AAA version 10...
July 12, 2017: Medical Dosimetry: Official Journal of the American Association of Medical Dosimetrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708791/self-reported-long-term-autonomic-function-after-laparoscopic-total-mesometrial-resection-for-early-stage-cervical-cancer-a-multicentric-study
#10
Alessandro Lucidi, Swetlana Windemut, Marco Petrillo, Margherita Dessole, Giulio Sozzi, Giuseppe Filiberto Vercellino, Kaven Baessler, Giuseppe Vizzielli, Jalid Sehouli, Giovanni Scambia, Vito Chiantera
OBJECTIVES: This multicentric retrospective study investigates the early and long-term self-reported urinary, bowel, and sexual dysfunctions in early-stage cervical cancer patients who submitted to laparoscopic total mesometrial resection (L-TMMR), total laparoscopic radical hysterectomy, vaginal-assisted laparoscopic radical hysterectomy, and laparoscopic-assisted radical vaginal hysterectomy. METHODS: Cervical cancer patients, FIGO (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics) stage IA2-IB1/IIA1 who submitted to nerve-sparing radical hysterectomy were recruited...
July 13, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708787/factors-contributing-to-the-low-survival-among-women-with-a-diagnosis-of-invasive-cervical-cancer-in-ghana
#11
Yvonne Nartey, Philip C Hill, Kwabena Amo-Antwi, Kofi M Nyarko, Joel Yarney, Brian Cox
: Cervical cancer is one of the most common cancers among women worldwide, and more than 85% of the disease occurs in low- and middle-income countries. Although it ranks as the most common cancer in Ghanaian women, there are no data available on cervical cancer survival. METHODS: Information on women with a diagnosis of cervical cancer from 2010 to 2013 was collected from the Komfo Anokye and Korle-Bu Teaching Hospitals through review of paper-based and electronic medical records (including pathology records) at the oncology units and the departments of obstetrics and gynecology...
July 13, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706889/long-term-oncologic-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-surgery-for-splenic-flexure-colon-cancer-are-comparable-to-conventional-open-surgery
#12
Min Ki Kim, In Kyu Lee, Won-Kyung Kang, Hyeon-Min Cho, Bong-Hyeon Kye, Heba Essam Jalloun, Jun-Gi Kim
PURPOSE: Few studies about laparoscopic surgery for splenic flexure colon cancer have been published. This study aims to compare the short- and long-term outcomes of laparoscopic surgery for splenic flexure colon cancer with those of conventional open surgery. METHODS: From January 2004 to December 2010, 51 consecutive patients who underwent curative resection for stages I-III splenic flexure colon cancer were enrolled. Thirty-three patients underwent laparoscopy-assisted colectomy, while 18 patients underwent conventional open colectomy...
July 2017: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701840/colistin-nephrotoxicity-in-adults-single-centre-large-series-from-india
#13
Abdul Ghafur, Swati Gohel, Vidyalakshmi Devarajan, T Raja, Jose Easow, M A Raja, Sankar Sreenivas, Balasubramaniam Ramakrishnan, T Ramakrishnan, S G Raman, Dedeepiya Devaprasad, Balaji Venkatachalam, Ramesh Nimmagadda
CONTEXT: Limited Indian data are available on the rate of colistin nephrotoxicity and other risk factors contributing to the development of this important side effect. AIM: This study aims to generate data on colistin nephrotoxicity from a large cohort of Indian patients. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Case record analysis of patients who received colistin, in an oncology center in India, between January 2011 and December 2015...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700812/disparities-in-location-of-death-of-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cancer-a-longitudinal-population-study-in-california
#14
Nitya Rajeshuni, Emily E Johnston, Olga Saynina, Lee M Sanders, Lisa J Chamberlain
BACKGROUND: Patients with a terminal illness should have access to their chosen location of death. Cancer is the leading cause of non-accidental death among adolescents and young adults (AYAs; those aged 15-39 years). Although surveys have suggested that a majority of these patients prefer a home death, to the authors' knowledge, little is known regarding their barriers to accessing their preferred location of death. As a first step, the authors sought to determine, across a large population, 20-year trends in the location of death among AYA patients with cancer...
July 12, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699174/inherited-variation-in-circadian-rhythm-genes-and-risks-of-prostate-cancer-and-three-other-cancer-sites-in-combined-cancer-consortia
#15
Fangyi Gu, Han Zhang, Paula L Hyland, Sonja Berndt, Susan M Gapstur, William Wheeler, Christopher I Amos, Stephane Bezieau, Heike Bickeböller, Hermann Brenner, Paul Brennan, Jenny Chang-Claude, David V Conti, Jennifer Ann Doherty, Stephen B Gruber, Tabitha A Harrison, Richard B Hayes, Michael Hoffmeister, Richard S Houlston, Rayjean J Hung, Mark A Jenkins, Peter Kraft, Kate Lawrenson, James McKay, Sarah Markt, Lorelei Mucci, Catherine M Phelan, Conghui Qu, Angela Risch, Mary Anne Rossing, H-Erich Wichmann, Jianxin Shi, Eva Schernhammer, Kai Yu, Maria Teresa Landi, Neil E Caporaso
Circadian disruption has been linked to carcinogenesis in animal models, but the evidence in humans is inconclusive. Genetic variation in circadian rhythm genes provides a tool to investigate such associations. We examined associations of genetic variation in nine core circadian rhythm genes and six melatonin pathway genes with risk of colorectal, lung, ovarian and prostate cancers using data from the Genetic Associations and Mechanisms in Oncology (GAME-ON) network. The major results for prostate cancer were replicated in the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal and Ovarian (PLCO) cancer screening trial, and for colorectal cancer in the Genetics and Epidemiology of Colorectal Cancer Consortium (GECCO)...
July 12, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699105/tapentadol-in-neuropathic-pain-cancer-patients-a-prospective-open-label-study
#16
Edvina Galiè, Veronica Villani, Irene Terrenato, Andrea Pace
Many chemotherapy treatments induce peripheral neuropathy (CIPN). These patients often experience neuropathic pain (NP) that reduces the quality of life. The aim of this prospective, open label study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of tapentadol (TP) in patients affected by CIPN. CIPN were consecutively enrolled in a prospective open label study at the Neuro-Oncology Unit of the Regina Elena National Cancer Institute in Rome. During the titration phase, each patient initially received doses of TP 50 mg twice a day...
July 11, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698010/compliance-with-research-standards-within-gynecologic-oncology-fellowship-a-gynecologic-oncology-fellowship-research-network-gofrn-study
#17
Laura J Moulton, Chad M Michener, Kimberly Levinson, Lauren Cobb, Jill Tseng, Amelia Jernigan
OBJECTIVES: Participation in clinical and basic science research is emphasized in gynecologic oncology training. We sought to identify trends in adherence to expected research practices and reasons for non-adherence among gynecologic oncology fellows. METHODS: An anonymous 31-question online survey assessing academic behaviors, including IRB compliance, authorship assignment, data sharing, and potential barriers to non-adherence was distributed to all SGO gynecologic oncology fellow members in July 2016...
July 8, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697659/the-effect-of-cognitive-emotion-regulation-strategies-on-gynecologic-oncology-comparison-between-a-clinical-and-a-non-clinical-sample
#18
Junyi Wang, Ning Zhou, Danyang Wang, Ping Yu, Jing Xiao
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the differences of cognitive emotion regulation (CER) strategies between patients with gynecologic cancer and non-clinical individuals. METHODS: A cohort of 329 female adults was recruited in this study. About 179 patients with gynecologic cancer were allocated to the clinical group and 150 healthy women were allocated to the non-clinical group. All the participants completed a demographic survey and the Chinese version of Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ-C)...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693149/comparison-of-different-methods-for-nutrition-assessment-in-patients-with-tumors
#19
Hongzhen Du, Bingbing Liu, Ying Xie, Jinli Liu, Yujia Wei, Huanyu Hu, Bin Luo, Zengning Li
Nutrition screening to identify patients at risk of malnutrition is vital for cancer patients because of the high prevalence of malnutrition in this population. The aim of the present study was to compare different methods of nutrition assessment in patients with tumors. From June 2013 to June 2014, we conducted an observational multicenter study to compare the assessment of nutritional status in patients with tumors by anthropometry, biochemical indicators, nutritional risk screening (NRS-2002) and patient-generated subjective global assessment (PG-SGA)...
July 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692494/diagnostic-importance-of-18f-fdg-pet-ct-parameters-and-total-lesion-glycolysis-in-differentiating-between-benign-and-malignant-adrenal-lesions
#20
Esra Ciftci, Bulent Turgut, Ali Cakmakcilar, Seyit A Erturk
PURPOSE: Benign adrenal lesions are prevalent in oncologic imaging and make metastatic disease diagnoses difficult. This study evaluates the diagnostic importance of metabolic, volumetric, and metabolovolumetric parameters measured by fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose (F-FDG) PET/CT in differentiating between benign and malignant adrenal lesions in cancer patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, we evaluated F-FDG PET/CT parameters of adrenal lesions of follow-up cancer patients referred to our clinic between January 2012 and November 2016...
July 7, 2017: Nuclear Medicine Communications
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