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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930623/multipartner-fertility-in-nicaragua-complex-family-formation-in-a-low-income-setting
#1
Kammi K Schmeer, Jake Hays
CONTEXT: Multipartner fertility (having children with more than one partner) is an important topic in demographic research, but little is known about its incidence and correlates in low-income settings, where rates may be high because of poverty, union instability and early childbearing. METHODS: Data from the 2011-2012 Encuesta Nicaragüense de Demografía y Salud were used to calculate the prevalence of multipartner fertility among 8,320 mothers and 2,141 fathers with two or more children...
March 3, 2017: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930622/awareness-of-and-knowledge-about-stis-among-nonmedical-students-in-iran
#2
Mohammad Karamouzian, Armita Shahesmaeili, Razieh Khajehkazemi, Samira Hosseini Hooshyar, Homeira Fallahi, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Hamid Sharifi
CONTEXT: Evidence on STI knowledge among Iranian nonmedical university students is limited. Information is needed to inform research and policies to improve the sexual health of university students in Iran. METHODS: A convenience sample of 742 male and female undergraduate and graduate students was recruited from five nonmedical public and private universities in Iran in 2014. Respondents' awareness of and knowledge about STIs were assessed using a validated questionnaire...
July 7, 2017: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929910/armed-and-aging-dementia-and-firearms-do-not-mix
#3
Gabriele Cipriani, Sabrina Danti, Cecilia Carlesi, Mario Di Fiorino
The possibility that persons with dementia possess firearms is cause for concern, but only a limited amount of research has been conducted on such a topic, usually in the form of case reports. Reducing the occurrence of the firearms-related violence requires effectively identifying dangerous individuals and keeping firearms out of their hands. The health care professionals, i.e. the social workers and the physicians, need to work together and to produce a suitable evaluation of patients with dementia to prevent firearm-related injuries and serious and irreparable damage to persons...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929624/structural-mimics-of-phenyl-pyridine-ppy-substituted-phosphorescent-cyclometalated-homo-and-heteroleptic-iridium-iii-complexes-for-organic-light-emitting-diodes-an-overview
#4
REVIEW
Aravind Babu Kajjam, Sivakumar Vaidyanathan
Today organic light emitting diodes are a topic of significant academic and industrial research interest. OLED technology is used in commercially available displays, and efforts have been directed to improve this technology. Design and synthesis of phosphorescent based transition metals are capable of harvesting both singlet and triplet excitons and achieve 100 % internal quantum efficiency is an active area of research. Among all the transition metals, iridium is considered a prime candidate for OLEDs due to its prominent photophysical characteristics...
September 20, 2017: Chemical Record: An Official Publication of the Chemical Society of Japan ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929401/making-time-estimation-of-internally-versus-externally-defined-durations
#5
Michael D Klein, Jennifer A Stolz
Most research on the topic of duration estimation has examined the mechanisms underlying estimation of durations that are demarcated by experimental stimuli. It is not clear whether the estimation of durations that are instead defined by our own mental processes (e.g., response times) is underlain by the same mechanisms. Across five experiments, we tested whether the pattern of interference between concurrent temporal and nontemporal tasks was similar for the two types of intervals. Duration estimation of externally defined intervals slowed performance on a concurrent equation verification task, regardless of whether participants were required to report their estimate by clicking within an analogue scale or by reproducing the duration...
September 19, 2017: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929199/sophorolipid-production-by-yeasts-a-critical-review-of-the-literature-and-suggestions-for-future-research
#6
REVIEW
Silke Claus, Inge N A Van Bogaert
Sophorolipids are well-known biosurfactants produced by yeasts, having potential applications ranging from nanomaterials, medicine, and cosmetics to large-volume applications such as cleaning and soil remediation. Because of their environmentally friendly nature, they attained much interest during the past decades as a sustainable and ecological alternative to petroleum-derived surfactants. Stronger yet, research activities and scientific publications on the topic are ever increasing. However, often these studies lack proper producer strain identification and detailed structural product characterization...
September 19, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929032/use-of-simulation-in-canadian-neonatal-perinatal-medicine-training-programs
#7
Jonathan Wong, Emer Finan, Douglas Campbell
Introduction Simulation is used for the delivery of education and on occasion assessment. Before such a tool is used routinely in neonatal training programs across Canada, a need assessment is required to determine its current usage by accredited training programs. Our aim was to characterize the type of simulation modalities used and the perceived simulation-based training needs in Canadian neonatal-perinatal medicine (NPM) training programs. Methods A 22-item and 13-item online descriptive survey was sent to all NPM program directors and fellows in Canada, respectively...
July 8, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928929/giant-inflammatory-polyposis-a-phenomenon-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-presenting-as-acute-large-bowel-obstruction-mimicking-colonic-neoplasm
#8
Christina Romero, Sandeep Sirsi, Armand Asarian, Jun Levine, Philip Xiao
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) remains a topic of ongoing research given its prevalence, yet the pathogenesis and all clinical manifestations of the disease remain poorly understood. Giant inflammatory polyposis is one of the clinical manifestations of IBD that has rarely been described to the best of our knowledge. This is a recognized clinical entity, however, only a limited number of IBD associated cases have been described in literature to date. This phenomenon consists of numerous benign, inflammatory polyps that clump together giving the appearance of a larger mass, which may cause clinical colonic obstruction and radiographic findings mimicking colonic neoplasm...
September 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928690/the-role-of-psychometrics-in-individual-differences-research-in-cognition-a-case-study-of-the-ax-cpt
#9
Shelly R Cooper, Corentin Gonthier, Deanna M Barch, Todd S Braver
Investigating individual differences in cognition requires addressing questions not often thought about in standard experimental designs, especially regarding the psychometric properties of the task. Using the AX-CPT cognitive control task as a case study example, we address four concerns that one may encounter when researching the topic of individual differences in cognition. First, we demonstrate the importance of variability in task scores, which in turn directly impacts reliability, particularly when comparing correlations in different populations...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928316/integrated-brief-tobacco-and-alcohol-cessation-intervention-in-a-primary-health-care-setting-in-karnataka
#10
O T Sabari Sridhar, Pratima Murthy, K V Kishore Kumar
BACKGROUND: Tobacco and alcohol use are important preventable risk factors for noncommunicable diseases and need to be addressed in primary health care. OBJECTIVES: To find the effectiveness of Alcohol, Smoking, and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST)-based brief intervention for alcohol and tobacco in a primary health-care setting in Karnataka. METHODS: This study was conducted in 2012 where one primary health center (PHC) in Karnataka was an intervention site and other the control site...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928193/the-course-and-prognostic-factors-of-cognitive-status-after-central-nervous-system-trauma-a-systematic-review-protocol
#11
Tatyana Mollayeva, Nicole Pacheco, Andrea D'Souza, Angela Colantonio
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is among the most disabling injuries, resulting in a range of cognitive impairments. Traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) often occurs in conjunction with TBI; the two are best considered together in the context of trauma to the central nervous system (CNS). Despite strong indications of cognitive dysfunction in CNS trauma, little is known about its natural history or relationship with other factors. The current protocol outlines a strategy for a systematic review of the current evidence examining CNS trauma as a prognostic factor of cognitive decline in the adult population...
September 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927534/alternative-rna-splicing-and-gastric-cancer
#12
REVIEW
Ying Li, Yuan Yuan
Alternative splicing (AS) linked to diseases, especially to tumors. Recently, more and more studies focused on the relationship between AS and gastric cancer (GC). This review surveyed the hot topic from four aspects: First, the common types of AS in cancer, including exon skipping, intron retention, mutually exclusive exon, alternative 5 ' or 3' splice site, alternative first or last exon and alternative 3' untranslated regions. Second, basic mechanisms of AS and its relationship with cancer. RNA splicing in eukaryotes follows the GT-AG rule by both cis-elements and trans-acting factors regulatory...
July 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927510/the-development-and-validation-of-the-patient-participation-culture-tool-for-inpatient-psychiatric-wards-pact-psy
#13
Simon Malfait, Joeri Vandewalle, Kristof Eeckloo, Roos Colman, Ann Van Hecke
Patient participation is an important topic in mental health and receives increased attention along with deinstitutionalization. No tool exists to measure healthcare worker-related factors that influence patient participation. A three-staged study was conducted to develop and validate the 'Patient Participation Culture Tool for inpatient PSYchiatric wards' (PaCT-PSY), and to analyse its psychometric properties (n=603). The 60-items tool, comprising thirteen components, showed content validity, strong psychometric properties, and a high internal consistency...
October 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927437/community-participation-in-mosquito-breeding-site-control-an-interdisciplinary-mixed-methods-study-in-cura%C3%A3-ao
#14
Jelte Elsinga, Henry T van der Veen, Izzy Gerstenbluth, Johannes G M Burgerhof, Arie Dijkstra, Martin P Grobusch, Adriana Tami, Ajay Bailey
BACKGROUND: As the arboviral diseases dengue, chikungunya and Zika emerge in the Americas, so does the need for sustainable vector control policies. To successfully achieve mosquito control, joint efforts of both communities and governments are essential. This study investigates this important, but by-and-large neglected topic. METHODS: In June and July 2015, a cross-sectional mixed methods study applying a survey questionnaire (response rate of 82.5%; n = 339), in-depth interviews (n = 20) and focus group discussions (n = 7; 50 participants) was performed in Curaçao...
September 19, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927249/gut-microbiota-obesity-and-metabolic-disorders
#15
Alessandro Federico, Marcello Dallio, Rosa DI Sarno, Valentina Giorgio, Luca Miele
Obesity, diabetes and metabolic disorders represent hugely significant problems concerning the health in Western countries and the study of gut microbiota in metabolic pathologies is part of this framework. Diet effects on intestinal microbial composition and its role in pathogenetic mechanisms responsible for both obesity and systemic, hepatic and adipose tissue inflammation, represent at the moment one of this mostpromising topic in gastroenterology research. Gut health safety is essential, but it needs to be further explored in order to understand and interrupt the pathogenetic mechanisms, which support a large number of diseases...
December 2017: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926867/diabetes-associated-biobanking-more-topical-than-ever
#16
Katharina Lydia Kynast, Nadine Volk, Thomas Fleming, Esther Herpel
The increasing prevalence of diabetes and its accompanying long-term complications, as well as the associated economic burden, calls for a rapid clinical translation of biomedical research to better valid the physiological relevance of the findings from basic research. To meet this condition, the Collaborative Research Center (CRC) 1118 has established the first nationwide diabetes-specific Biomaterialbank (BMB) that permanently preserves solid and liquid specimen retro- and prospectively at the Institute of Pathology and Department of Endocrinology of the University Hospital Heidelberg...
September 19, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926795/dissociable-intrinsic-functional-networks-support-noun-object-and-verb-action-processing
#17
Huichao Yang, Qixiang Lin, Zaizhu Han, Hongyu Li, Luping Song, Lingjuan Chen, Yong He, Yanchao Bi
The processing mechanism of verbs-actions and nouns-objects is a central topic of language research, with robust evidence for behavioral dissociation. The neural basis for these two major word and/or conceptual classes, however, remains controversial. Two experiments were conducted to study this question from the network perspective. Experiment 1 found that nodes of the same class, obtained through task-evoked brain imaging meta-analyses, were more strongly connected with each other than nodes of different classes during resting-state, forming segregated network modules...
September 16, 2017: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926600/publication-trends-of-research-on-diabetes-mellitus-and-t-cells-1997-2016-a-20-year-bibliometric-study
#18
Ye Gao, Yiran Wang, Xiao Zhai, Yifei He, Rong Chen, Jingjing Zhou, Ming Li, Qijin Wang
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a huge burden for human health. Recent studies show the close relationship between DM and T cells. We investigated the trend in DM and T cells research. METHODS: Using the Web of Science database, we searched the publications on DM and T cells in 1997-2016, and studied the source data using bibliometric methodology. Excel 2016, GraphPad Prism 5, and VOSviewer software were used to analyze the publication trend in DM and T cells research...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926485/depression-and-depressive-symptoms-in-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-a-scoping-review
#19
Christianne Laliberté Durish, Rosemary S Pereverseff, Keith O Yeates
OBJECTIVE: This scoping review aimed to summarize the existing knowledge base regarding depression and depressive symptoms in pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI) and to identify gaps in the literature in an effort to guide future research. METHODS: MEDLINE Ovid and PsycINFO Ovid databases were each searched by the authors using search terms intended to identify any original research study that examined depressive symptoms in children (ie, aged 0-18 years) with TBI...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925724/pistachio-nut-allergy-an-updated-overview
#20
Joana Costa, Isa Silva, António A Vicente, M Beatriz P P Oliveira, Isabel Mafra
Pistachio nut (Pistacia vera) is highly appreciated for its organoleptic characteristics and potential health benefits. However, this tree nut is also responsible for triggering moderate to severe IgE-mediated reactions in allergic individuals. Currently, pistachio nut allergy has gained some special attention, mainly due to its intrinsic relation with cashew nut allergy. Like for other nuts, the prevalence of pistachio nut allergy seems to be increasing at a global scale. Until now, there are five allergenic proteins officially listed for pistachio nut (Pis v 1, Pis v 2, Pis v 3, Pis v 4 and Pis v 5)...
September 19, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
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