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Francisco Tustumi, Cintia Mayumi Sakurai Kimura, Flavio Roberto Takeda, Rodrigo Hideki Uema, Rubens Antônio Aissar Salum, Ulysses Ribeiro-Junior, Ivan Cecconello
Background: Despite recent advances in diagnosis and treatment, esophageal cancer still has high mortality. Prognostic factors associated with patient and with disease itself are multiple and poorly explored. Aim: Assess prognostic variables in esophageal cancer patients. Methods: Retrospective review of all patients with esophageal cancer in an oncology referral center. They were divided according to histological diagnosis (444 squamous cell carcinoma patients and 105 adenocarcinoma), and their demographic, pathological and clinical characteristics were analyzed and compared to clinical stage and overall survival...
July 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
J Trotman, J Trinh, Y L Kwan, J A Estell, J Fletcher, K Archer, K Lee, K Foo, J Curnow, A Bianchi, L Wignall, E Verner, R Gasiorowski, E Siedlecka, I Cunningham
BACKGROUND: Multidisciplinary Team (MDT) meetings aimed at facilitating peer review have become standard practice in oncology. However, there is scant literature on the optimal structure and conduct of such meetings. AIMS: We aimed to develop a process for formal peer review of patients with haematologic malignancies, and to audit any resulting changes made to the management recommendations of the treating physician. METHODS: A standard operating procedure (SOP) for MDT meetings was developed essentially to integrate clinical peer review with weekly pathology and radiology meetings...
October 18, 2016: Internal Medicine Journal
Yoshihiro Komohara, Motohiro Takeya
Many non-tumour host cells such as inflammatory cells, fibroblasts and endothelial cells are present in the tumour microenvironment and affect the malignant potential and chemo-resistance of the tumour cells. Macrophages and fibroblasts are the main components of infiltrating stromal cells and are referred to as tumour-associated macrophages (TAMs) and cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs), respectively. TAMs and CAFs are reported to be involved in tumour progression, although their functions change to those of an anti-tumour phenotype under specific conditions...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Pathology
Ioannis Christakis, Angelica M Silva, Lily Joy Kwatampora, Carla L Warneke, Callisia N Clarke, Michelle D Williams, Elizabeth G Grubbs, Jeffrey E Lee, Naifa L Busaidy, Nancy D Perrier
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Parathyroid carcinoma (PC) is rare but potentially lethal. No standardized staging system or treatment guidelines have been established. We aimed to determine whether management of PC and patient outcomes have changed at our institution over the past 35 years. METHODS: Retrospective review of patients with PC at our institution between 1980 and 2015. Patients were grouped by date of initial surgery: group 1, 1980-2001; group 2, 2002-2015...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Kimberly M Komatsubara, David L Diuguid
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 15, 2016: Oncology (Williston Park, NY)
Timothy M Zagar, Amanda E D Van Swearingen, Orit Kaidar-Person, Matthew G Ewend, Carey K Anders
This review summarizes the most up-to-date approach to the multidisciplinary management of patients with breast cancer brain metastases. A brief overview of the epidemiology and biology of breast cancer brain metastasis is provided. The perspectives of radiation oncology, neurosurgery, and medical oncology-and landmark studies from each discipline-are all discussed. We also offer practical tips to help guide the treating physician, including data on antiseizure medications. Finally, we introduce the concept of a multidisciplinary clinic that combines input from medical and radiation oncology, neurosurgery, and support services, which we developed at the University of North Carolina as a coordinated and optimal approach to the management of patients with this complex disease...
October 15, 2016: Oncology (Williston Park, NY)
Q M J van der Vliet, N R Paulino Pereira, S J Janssen, F J Hornicek, M L Ferrone, J A M Bramer, C N van Dijk, J H Schwab
BACKGROUND: It would be helpful for the decision-making process of patients with metastatic bone disease to understand which patients are at risk for worse quality of life (QOL), pain, anxiety, and depression. Normative data, and where these stand compared with general population scores, can be useful to compare and interpret results of similar patients or patient groups, but to our knowledge, there are no such robust data. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We wished (1) to assess what factors are independently associated with QOL, pain interference, anxiety, and depression in patients with metastatic bone disease, and (2) to compare these outcomes with general US population values...
October 17, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Luiz Claudio Santos Thuler, Maria S Pombo-de-Oliveira
The WHO classification that defines subtypes of acute myeloid leukaemias (AMLs) is relatively unexplored at the population-based level. This study aimed to examine the frequency of acute promyelocytic leukaemia (APL or AML-M3) in Brazil. Data were extracted from 239 cancer centres (2001-2012) and categorized according to the International Classification of Diseases for Oncology (CID-O 3.0) and WHO classification (n = 9116). CID-O3 code 9866 identified 614 APL patients. AML not otherwise specified (NOS) was frequent, and the APL group represented the main subtype specified...
October 18, 2016: Annals of Hematology
Shiromani Janki, Evalyn E A P Mulder, Jan N M IJzermans, T C Khe Tran
BACKGROUND: Since the introduction of minimally invasive surgery, surgeons appear to be experiencing more occupational musculoskeletal injuries. The aim of this study is to investigate the current frequency and effects of occupational musculoskeletal injuries on work absence. METHODS: An online questionnaire was conducted among all surgeons affiliated to the Dutch Society for Endoscopic Surgery, Gastrointestinal Surgery, and Surgical Oncology. In addition, this survey was conducted among surgeons, gynaecologists, and urologists of one cluster of training hospitals in the Netherlands...
October 17, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
Satoshi Nagayama, Suguru Hasegawa, Koya Hida, Kenji Kawada, Etsuro Hatano, Kojiro Nakamura, Satoru Seo, Kojiro Taura, Kentaro Yasuchika, Takashi Matsuo, Masazumi Zaima, Akiyoshi Kanazawa, Hiroaki Terajima, Masaharu Tada, Yukihito Adachi, Ryuta Nishitai, Dai Manaka, Tsunehiro Yoshimura, Koji Doi, Takahiro Horimatsu, Akira Mitsuyoshi, Kenichi Yoshimura, Miyuki Niimi, Shigemi Matsumoto, Yoshiharu Sakai, Shinji Uemoto
BACKGROUND: Although liver resection combined with preoperative chemotherapy is expected to improve outcomes of patients with resectable colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM), there is as yet insufficient clinical evidence supporting the efficacy of preoperative systemic chemotherapy. The aim of this phase II study was to assess the feasibility and efficacy of preoperative FOLFOX systemic chemotherapy for patients with initially resectable CRLM. METHODS: A prospective multi-institutional phase II study was conducted to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of preoperative chemotherapy for resectable CRLM (ClinicalTrials...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
V Kakkassery, K U Loeffler, M Sand, K R Koch, A M Lentzsch, A C Nick, I A Adamietz, L M Heindl
The treatment options for basal cell carcinoma (BCC) have recently been augmented with the introduction of novel chemotherapeutic drugs. New S2 guidelines on the disease have also been published. The aim of this article is to present a comprehensive state of the art description of the features of ocular BCC and an overview of the various therapeutic options. Particular emphasis is placed on the clinical signs, the diagnostic tools to identify periocular BCC and interpretation of the different histopathological subtypes...
October 17, 2016: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
Anish Khalil, Muhammad Faheem, Ammad Fahim, Haran Innocent, Zainab Mansoor, Shehrbano Rizvi, Hizra Farrukh
Background. The biomedical care for cancer has not been complemented by psychosocial progressions in cancer care. Objectives. To find the prevalence of anxiety and depression amongst cancer patients in a hospital setting. Design and Setting. This cross-sectional study was conducted at the tertiary care hospitals Shifa International Hospital Islamabad and Nuclear Medicine, Oncology, and Radiotherapy Institute [NORI]. Patients and Methods. 300 patients were interviewed from both the outpatient and inpatient department using The Aga Khan University Anxiety and Depression Scale (AKUADS)...
2016: Psychiatry Journal
Laura C Cappelli, Ami A Shah, Clifton O Bingham
Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) are newly approved treatments for advanced malignancies that are increasing survival. The mechanism of these drugs, non-specifically activating T cells, also leads to immune-mediated damage of tissue or immune-related adverse events (IRAE). IRAEs with rheumatic phenotypes are increasingly being recognised. Inflammatory arthritis, sicca syndrome, inflammatory myopathy, vasculitis and lupus nephritis have been described as a result of ICIs. Use of ICIs will be expanding in the coming years for several reasons...
2016: RMD Open
Lorna Awo Renner, Deborah McGill
BACKGROUND: Developing countries such as Ghana have very poor childhood cancer survival rates. There is a need to determine reasons for late presentation and treatment abandonment which are major causes of poor survival. Understanding these issues could inform effective strategies for childhood cancer control in resource-constrained settings. AIM: To explore factors influencing parental decision-making for children with cancer in Ghana with regard to health seeking and retention in treatment, in order to provide information that will guide Public Health interventions for childhood cancer control...
September 2016: Ghana Medical Journal
D Peng, X S Li, C J Zhang, K W Yang, Q Tang, L Zhang, X T Yu, Z S He, L Q Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impacts of clinical, pathological, and laboratory factors on oncological outcomes of patients with T3N0M0 renal cell carcinoma. METHODS: The clinical data, laboratory exam results, and follow-up outcomes of 182 patients with T3N0M0 renal cell carcinoma who underwent nephrectomy from 2007 to 2012 in Peking University First Hospital were retrospectively collected. The 5-year cancer-specific survival and 5-year recurrence-free survival of all the patients were calculated using Kaplan-Meier method, and the statistical significance between the survival curves were compared using the Log-rank test...
October 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Sashka Krumova, Svetla Todinova, Deyan Mavrov, Pencho Marinov, Vassia Atanassova, Krassimir Atanassov, Stefka G Taneva
BACKGROUND: Biological microcalorimetry has entered into a phase where its potential for disease diagnostics is readily recognized. A wide variety of oncological and immunological disorders have been characterized by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and characteristic thermodynamic profiles were reported. Now the challenge before DSC is not the experimental data collection but the development of analysis protocols for reliable data stratification/classification and discrimination of disease specific features (calorimetric markers)...
October 15, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Masau Sekiguchi, Ichiro Oda, Haruhisa Suzuki, Seiichiro Abe, Satoru Nonaka, Shigetaka Yoshinaga, Hirokazu Taniguchi, Shigeki Sekine, Yutaka Saito
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although the number of gastric cancer patients aged ≥85 years indicated for endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has increased, little is known about their outcomes and prognostic factors. This study aimed to investigate the clinical outcomes and factors prognostic of overall survival (OS) of patients aged ≥85 years who underwent ESD for gastric cancer. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 108 patients aged ≥85 years with 149 gastric cancers treated by ESD between 1999 and 2014 at our institution...
October 14, 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
V Peretti, E Chereau, E Lambaudie, F Greco, M Butarelli, C Jauffret, S Rua-Ribeiro, G Houvenaeghel
OBJECTIVE: Carry out a preliminary study comparing postoperative pain and intraoperative and postoperative complications between micro-laparoscopy and laparoscopic monotrocart non-oncological adnexal surgery. METHODS: All patients should benefit from a benign adnexal surgery were included prospectively from February to May 2014. The insufflation pressure, infiltration of trocar holes with a local anesthetic, postoperative analgesics were prescribed standardized...
October 14, 2016: Gynécologie, Obstétrique & Fertilité
Lorena Arribas, Laura Hurtós, Maria José Sendrós, Inmaculada Peiró, Neus Salleras, Eduard Fort, Jose Manuel Sánchez-Migallón
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to design a new nutritional screening tool (NUTRISCORE) to detect nutritional risk in outpatients with cancer. METHODS: A multicenter, cross-sectional study was conducted. We randomly selected outpatients receiving onco-specific, palliative, or symptomatic treatment for malignant neoplasms (including solid tumors and hematologic malignancies). These patients were assessed using the NUTRISCORE tool, the Malnutrition Screening Tool (MST), and the Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA) to detect risk for malnutrition...
August 13, 2016: Nutrition
M Pilar Laguna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Urology
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