Read by QxMD icon Read


Hamed Tashakkorian, Moslem Mansour Lakouraj, Rahimeh Maldar, Zahra Moulana
Polythiacalix[4]amides as a novel category of polyamides, with high sorption capability towards some environmentally hazardous metal cations, especially Hg2+, have been synthesized via direct polycondensation protocol using a thiacalix[4] arene dicarboxylic acid and commercial diamines. The polyamides were obtained in high yields and possess inherent viscosities in the range of 0.55-0.75 dl/g. The photophysical characteristic was studied by looking for the maximum absorption wavelength of each polymer using UV absorption spectroscopy...
March 2018: Acta Chimica Slovenica
Andrew D Kelly, Jozef Madzo, Priyanka Madireddi, Patricia Kropf, Charly R Good, Jaroslav Jelinek, Jean-Pierre J Issa
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) often harbors mutations in epigenetic regulators, and also has frequent DNA hypermethylation, including the presence of CpG island methylator phenotypes (CIMPs). Although global hypomethylation is well known in cancer, the question of whether distinct demethylator phenotypes (DMPs) exist remains unanswered. Using Illumina 450k arrays for 194 patients from The Cancer Genome Atlas, we identified two distinct DMPs by hierarchical clustering: DMP.1 and DMP.2. DMP.1 cases harbored mutations in NPM1 (94%), FLT3 (71%) and DNMT3A (61%)...
March 7, 2018: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
Liguang Li, Zhenli L He, Malak M Tfaily, Patrick Inglett, Peter J Stoffella
Leaching of dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) has been reported as a pathway of N loss from agriculture, but the molecular composition of DON in agricultural water is poorly understood. Runoff water samples were collected from citrus grove furrows (CGF), ditches (CGD) and pasture ditches (PD) in four seasons. Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR-MS) was used to investigate molecular composition of DON. Chemodiversity index of DON had spatiotemporal variations, while the molecular composition of total DON showed minimal variations, except for PD in November...
March 16, 2018: Water Research
Ingela Fredriksson, Susanna Geidne, Charli Eriksson
AIMS: The aim of this paper is to advocate for the importance of meaningful leisure time for young people from a health-promotion perspective using experiences from two youth centres in multicultural neighbourhoods in Sweden. METHODS: In this practice-based study, data were collected between 2012 and 2014 at two youth centres in multicultural, socially deprived suburbs in Sweden using surveys with 12- to 16-year-old adolescents ( n = 207), seven individual interviews with staff and three cooperation partners in the neighbourhoods, and six group interviews with adolescents (50% girls)...
February 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Mateo Vélez-Fort, Edward F Bracey, Sepiedeh Keshavarzi, Charly V Rousseau, Lee Cossell, Stephen C Lenzi, Molly Strom, Troy W Margrie
To interpret visual-motion events, the underlying computation must involve internal reference to the motion status of the observer's head. We show here that layer 6 (L6) principal neurons in mouse primary visual cortex (V1) receive a diffuse, vestibular-mediated synaptic input that signals the angular velocity of horizontal rotation. Behavioral and theoretical experiments indicate that these inputs, distributed over a network of 100 L6 neurons, provide both a reliable estimate and, therefore, physiological separation of head-velocity signals...
March 8, 2018: Neuron
Young-Jin Ryu, Z-Hun Kim, Seul Gi Lee, Ji-Hyun Yang, Hee-Yong Shin, Choul-Gyun Lee
Novel carbon-based solid acid catalysts have been synthesized through a sustainable route fromlipid extracted microalgal residue of Dunaliella tertiolecta , for biodiesel production. Two carbon based solid acid catalysts were prepared by surface modification of bio-char with sulfuric acid (H2 SO4 ) and sulfuryl chloride (SO2 Cl2 ), respectively. Treated catalysts were characterized and their catalytic activities were evaluated by esterification of oleic acid. Esterification catalytic activity of the SO2 Cl2 -treated bio-char revealed higher(11...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
Yan Lin, Zhihao Chen, Minquan Dai, Shiwen Fang, Yanfen Liao, Zhaosheng Yu, Xiaoqian Ma
In this study, the kinetic models of bagasse, sewage sludge and their mixture were established by the multiple normal distributed activation energy model. Blending with sewage sludge, the initial temperature declined from 437 K to 418 K. The pyrolytic species could be divided into five categories, including analogous hemicelluloses I, hemicelluloses II, cellulose, lignin and bio-char. In these species, the average activation energies and the deviations situated at reasonable ranges of 166.4673-323.7261 kJ/mol and 0...
March 8, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Lijian Leng, Songqi Leng, Jie Chen, Xingzhong Yuan, Jun Li, Kun Li, Yunpu Wang, Wenguang Zhou
Co-liquefaction of municipal sewage sludge (MSS) and heavy metal (HM) contaminated lignocellulosic biomass (rice straw or wood sawdust) was conducted at 300 °C with ethanol as the solvent to study the transformation behavior of HMs (e.g., Cu, Cd, Pb, Cr, Zn, and Ni). The results indicate that HMs in rice straw or wood sawdust transferred heavily to bio-oils (up to 10-25% of the total Cu, Cd, and Zn) when they were liquefied individually, compared with MSS with only ∼5% distributed to bio-oil. The bio-available fraction of HMs in bio-chars and bio-oils produced from liquefaction of individual biomass were assessed to show medium to high risk to the environment...
March 7, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Annebel R De Vleeschauwer, Xiaocui Zhou, David J Lefebvre, Annabelle Garnier, Fleur Watier, Charly Pignon, Sandrine A Lacour, Stephan Zientara, Labib Bakkali-Kassimi, Kris De Clercq, Bernard Klonjkowski
Vaccination is a key element in the control of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD). The majority of the antigenic sites that induce protective immune responses are localized on the FMD virus (FMDV) capsid that is formed by four virus-encoded structural proteins, VP1 to VP4. In the present study, recombinant canine adenovirus type 2 (CAV2)-based FMD vaccines, Cav-P1/3C R° and Cav-VP1 R°, respectively expressing the structural P1 precursor protein along with the non-structural 3C protein or expressing the structural VP1 protein of the FMDV strain O/FRA/1/2001, were evaluated as novel vaccines against FMD...
March 12, 2018: Vaccine
Danton S Char, Nigam H Shah, David Magnus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
Barbara Davis, Monique Williams, Prue Talbot
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate performance of the I quit original smoking (iQOS) heat-not-burn system as a function of cleaning and puffing topography, investigate the validity of manufacturer's claims that this device does not burn tobacco and determine if the polymer-film filter is potentially harmful. METHODS: iQOS performance was evaluated using five running conditions incorporating two different cleaning protocols. Heatsticks were visually and stereomicroscopically inspected preuse and postuse to determine the extent of tobacco plug charring (from pyrolysis) and polymer-film filter melting, and to elucidate the effects of cleaning on charring...
March 13, 2018: Tobacco Control
Manuel Raul Pelaez-Samaniego, Matt W Smith, Quanbao Zhao, Tsai Garcia-Perez, Craig Frear, Manuel Garcia-Perez
Anaerobically digested fibrous solid (AD fiber) is an abundant material that offers potential to produce value-added products such as biochar. The objective of this paper is to better understand how thermochemical processing conditions affect the capacity of biochars derived from AD fiber to adsorb H2 S from biogas. AD fiber was pyrolyzed in an electric tube reactor at temperatures up to 600 °C and 60 min. The chars were employed for H2 S scrubbing tests from a synthetic biogas. Results showed that the chars' capacity for H2 S removal is comparable to that of activated carbon...
March 10, 2018: Waste Management
Divya P Narayanan, Sudha Kochiyil Cherikallinmel, Sugunan Sankaran, Binitha N Narayanan
A one pot synthesis of carbon dot incorporated porous coconut shell char derived sulphonated catalyst is reported here for the first time and is effectively used in the multicomponent synthesis of amidoalkyl naphthol. Macroporous nature of the char is revealed from scanning electron microscopic (SEM) analysis, whereas the dispersion of carbon dots (CDs) on the porous coconut shell char is confirmed from the high resolution transmission electron microscopic (HRTEM) analysis. Fluorescence emission spectrum further confirmed the presence of CDs in the catalyst...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Feng Cheng, Zheng Cui, Kwonit Mallick, Nagamany Nirmalakhandan, Catherine E Brewer
Hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) of high-lipid microalgae Nannochloropsis salina (N. salina) and low-lipid microalgae Galdieria sulphuraria (G. sulphuraria) were run under subcritical conditions (310-350 °C and 10-17 MPa) in a 1.8 L batch autoclave system. HTL mass and energy balances for both species were compared under different operating conditions to predict the optimum reaction conditions for new algae strains based on their feedstock composition. Bio-crude oils and chars were characterized by bomb calorimetry, elemental analysis, inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA)...
February 24, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Dengle Duan, Roger Ruan, Hanwu Lei, Yuhuan Liu, Yunpu Wang, Yayun Zhang, Yunfeng Zhao, Leilei Dai, Qiuhao Wu, Shumei Zhang
The co-pyrolysis of pretreated lignin and soapstock was carried out to upgrade vapors under microwave irradiation. Results showed that the yield of 29.92-42.21 wt% of upgraded liquid oil was achieved under varied pretreatment conditions. Char yield decreased from 32.44 wt% for untreated control to 24.35 wt% for the 150 °C pretreated samples. The increased temperature, irradiation time and acid concentration were conducive to decrease the relative contents of phenols and oxygenates in liquid oils. The main components of the liquid oil were gasoline fraction (mono-aromatics and C5-C12 aliphatics), which ranged from 57...
February 27, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Xianhua Wang, Jing Wu, Yingquan Chen, Adisak Pattiya, Haiping Yang, Hanping Chen
Wet torrefaction (WT) possesses some advantages over dry torrefaction (DT). In this study, a comparative analysis of torrefied corn stalk from WT and DT was conducted along with an investigation of their pyrolysis properties under optimal conditions for biomass pyrolysis polygeneration. Compared with DT, WT removed 98% of the ash and retained twice the amount of hydrogen. The impacts of DT and WT on the biomass macromolecular structure was also found to be different using two-dimensional perturbation correlation infrared spectroscopy (2D-PCIS)...
February 27, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Lihle D Mafu, Hein W J P Neomagus, Raymond C Everson, Gregory N Okolo, Christien A Strydom, John R Bunt
The carbon dioxide gasification characteristics of three biomass char samples and bituminous coal char were investigated in a thermogravimetric analyser in the temperature range of 850-950 °C. Char SB exhibited higher reactivities (Ri , Rs , Rf ) than chars SW and HW. Coal char gasification reactivities were observed to be lower than those of the three biomass chars. Correlations between the char reactivities and char characteristics were highlighted. The addition of 10% biomass had no significant impact on the coal char gasification reactivity...
December 18, 2017: Bioresource Technology
Yafei Shen, Xingming Chen, Xinlei Ge, Mindong Chen
This work studied the disposal of the non-metallic fraction from waste printed circuit board (NMF-WPCB) via the chemical pretreatments followed by pyrolysis. As a main heavy metal, the metallic Cu could be significantly removed by 92.4% using the HCl leaching process. Subsequently, the organic-Br in the brominated flame retardants (BFRs) plastics could be converted into HBr by pyrolysis. The alkali pretreatment was benefit for the Br fixation in the solid char. The Br fixation efficiency could reach up to 53...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Venu Gopal Jonnalagadda, Harish Prabhanna Char, Praveen Kumar Ankana
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2018: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy
Lin Gu, Binglian Li, Haifeng Wen, Xin Zhang, Liang Wang, Jianfeng Ye
The hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) was performed on Metasequoia Leaves (ML) in the presence of iron sludge, both of which were generated as solid residuals. The relations between sludge, char's properties and operating conditions were systemically investigated. Iron sludge primarily catalyzed the efficient formation of char with higher heating value (HHV) becoming 1.15-1.65 times of ML (18.21 MJ/kg) and was meanwhile reduced to magnetite. The hydrated Fe ions in octahedron crystals acted as nucleophiles facilitating the dehydration and decarboxylation reactions...
February 27, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"