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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651179/sedentary-work-and-the-risks-of-colon-and-rectal-cancer-by-anatomical-sub-site-in-the-canadian-census-health-and-environment-cohort-canchec
#1
Manisha Pahwa, M Anne Harris, Jill MacLeod, Michael Tjepkema, Paul A Peters, Paul A Demers
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behaviour is a potential risk factor for colorectal cancer. We examined the association between sedentary work, based on body position, and colorectal cancer risk in Canadians. METHODS: A working body position category (a. sitting; b. standing and walking; c. sitting, standing, and walking; d. other) was assigned to occupations reported by 1991 Canadian Census respondents based on national occupational counselling guidelines. Adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated for cancers of the colon (overall, proximal, and distal) and rectum in men and women newly diagnosed from 1992 to 2010...
June 23, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632315/association-of-coloproctology-of-great-britain-ireland-acpgbi-guidelines-for-the-management-of-cancer-of-the-colon-rectum-and-anus-2017-follow-up-lifestyle-and-survivorship
#2
Kai Leong, John Hartley, Sharad Karandikar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632314/association-of-coloproctology-of-great-britain-ireland-acpgbi-guidelines-for-the-management-of-cancer-of-the-colon-rectum-and-anus-2017-introduction
#3
Brendan Moran, Sharad Karandikar, Ian Geh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632313/association-of-coloproctology-of-great-britain-ireland-acpgbi-guidelines-for-the-management-of-cancer-of-the-colon-rectum-and-anus-2017-audit-and-outcome-reporting
#4
Omar Faiz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632312/association-of-coloproctology-of-great-britain-ireland-acpgbi-guidelines-for-the-management-of-cancer-of-the-colon-rectum-and-anus-2017-diagnosis-investigations-and-screening
#5
Chris Cunningham, Kai Leong, Susan Clark, Andrew Plumb, Stuart Taylor, Ian Geh, Sharad Karandikar, Brendan Moran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632310/association-of-coloproctology-of-great-britain-ireland-acpgbi-guidelines-for-the-management-of-cancer-of-the-colon-rectum-and-anus-2017-pathology-standards-and-datasets
#6
Gerald Langman, Maurice Loughrey, Neil Shepherd, Philip Quirke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632309/association-of-coloproctology-of-great-britain-ireland-acpgbi-guidelines-for-the-management-of-cancer-of-the-colon-rectum-and-anus-2017-surgical-management
#7
Brendan Moran, Chris Cunningham, Talvinder Singh, Peter Sagar, Jay Bradbury, Ian Geh, Sharad Karandikar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632308/association-of-coloproctology-of-great-britain-ireland-acpgbi-guidelines-for-the-management-of-cancer-of-the-colon-rectum-and-anus-2017-anal-cancer
#8
Ian Geh, Simon Gollins, Andrew Renehan, John Scholefield, Vicky Goh, Davide Prezzi, Brendan Moran, Mark Bower, Maryam Alfa-Wali, Richard Adams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632307/association-of-coloproctology-of-great-britain-ireland-acpgbi-guidelines-for-the-management-of-cancer-of-the-colon-rectum-and-anus-2017-multidisciplinary-management
#9
Simon Gollins, Brendan Moran, Richard Adams, Chris Cunningham, Simon Bach, Arthur Sun Myint, Andrew Renehan, Sharad Karandikar, Vicky Goh, Davide Prezzi, Gerald Langman, Sam Ahmedzai, Ian Geh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593861/challenges-behind-proving-efficacy-of-adjuvant-chemotherapy-after-preoperative-chemoradiation-for-rectal-cancer
#10
REVIEW
Carlos Carvalho, Rob Glynne-Jones
For patients with high-risk stage II or stage III colon cancer, adjuvant chemotherapy with fluoropyrimidine monotherapy reduces the risk of recurrence and death by approximately 20-30%. Additional improvements have been reported in three phase 3 colon cancer trials when oxaliplatin was added to the chemoradiation regimen, although the effect was mainly on disease-free survival. However, patients with rectal cancer were specifically excluded from these landmark studies because of potential toxicity and the confounding impact of radiotherapy and chemoradiation...
June 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590033/radiological-and-pathological-evaluation-of-the-level-of-arterial-division-after-colon-cancer-surgery
#11
Ditte Louise E Munkedal, Mona Rosenkilde, Dennis Tønner Nielsen, Thorbjørn Sommer, Nicholas P West, Søren Laurberg
AIM: In aiming to cure patients with colorectal cancer surgery, the surgeon must carefully dissect the mesocolon and mesorectum and divide the vascular pedicle as near to its origin so as to include all local lymph nodes. This has been termed Complete Mesocolic Excision (CME). The distance from distal vascular tie to the bowel wall in the fixed specimen is an indication as to the quality of surgery but this does not assess the length of the residual vascular pedicle and by implication, residual lymph nodes...
June 7, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585041/clinical-impact-of-mismatch-repair-protein-testing-on-outcome-of-early-staged-colorectal-carcinomas
#12
Jatin Sundersham Gandhi, Malini Goswami, Anila Sharma, Parul Tanwar, Gurudutt Gupta, Nikhil Gupta, Sunil Pasricha, Anurag Mehta, Shivender Singh, Mohit Agarwal, Nitin Gupta
INTRODUCTION: Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer in men and second most common in women globally. In the present study, we aimed to analyse the proportion of patients with loss of immunostaining for mismatch repair (MMR) proteins in all newly diagnosed stage II cases of colorectal cancer for the purpose of prognostication, for determination of further chemotherapeutic strategy and for familial screening. METHOD: From January 2014 to December 2015, 62 consecutive newly diagnosed cases of stage II colorectal cancer were included in the study...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560230/minimum-volume-discussion-in-the-treatment-of-colon-and-rectal-cancer-a-review-of-the-current-status-and-relevance-of-surgeon-and-hospital-volume-regarding-result-quality-and-the-impact-on-health-economics
#13
REVIEW
Karl-Heinrich Link, Peter Coy, Mark Roitman, Carola Link, Marko Kornmann, Ludger Staib
BACKGROUND: To answer the question whether minimum caseloads need to be stipulated in the German S3 (or any other) guidelines for colorectal cancer, we analyzed the current representative literature. The question is important regarding medical quality as well as health economics and policy. METHODS: A literature research was conducted in PubMed for papers concerning 'colon cancer' (CC), 'rectal cancer' (RC), and 'colorectal cancer' (CRC), with 'results', 'quality', and 'mortality' between the years 2000 and 2016 being relevant factors...
May 2017: Visceral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549732/metachronous-colon-polyps-in-younger-versus-older-adults-a-case-control-study
#14
Sajan Jiv Singh Nagpal, Dhruvika Mukhija, Madhusudhan Sanaka, Rocio Lopez, Carol A Burke
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC) in the United States has decreased substantially in individuals aged 50 and older. Contrariwise, it is increasing in young adults. The polyp characteristics on baseline and follow-up colonoscopy in young adults are not well characterized. We describe the polyp characteristics on baseline and follow-up colonoscopy in adults < 40 years and determined factors associated with the occurrence of metachronous, advanced neoplasia or high risk (HR) polyp features...
May 23, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515248/systemic-management-of-colorectal-cancer
#15
Wells A Messersmith
Advances have been made in the systemic treatment of colorectal cancer, with approximately 12 chemotherapy or biologic agents approved for use as a single agent or in a combination. However, numerous gaps in our understanding of the disease remain, such as the lack of benefit with biologics in the adjuvant setting, the absence of biomarkers for most systemic therapies, and the reason why left-sided and right-sided tumors behave differently. At the 22nd NCCN Annual Conference, Dr. Wells A. Messersmith presented several impactful updates to the 2017 NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology for Colon Cancer and reviewed the outcomes with a host of therapies used for both early-stage and metastatic disease...
May 2017: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503720/contribution-of-germline-mutations-in-cancer-predisposition-genes-to-tumor-etiology-in-young-women-diagnosed-with-invasive-breast-cancer
#16
Seth K Rummel, Leann Lovejoy, Craig D Shriver, Rachel E Ellsworth
PURPOSE: Although breast cancer in young women accounts for <10% of diagnoses annually, tumors in young patients exhibit more aggressive characteristics and higher mortality rates. Determination of the frequency of germline mutations in cancer predisposition genes is needed to improve the understanding of breast cancer etiology in young women. METHODS: All female patients enrolled in the Clinical Breast Cancer Project between 2001 and 2015 and diagnosed with invasive breast cancer before age 40 were included in this study...
May 13, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487466/the-national-cancer-institute-community-cancer-centers-program-ncccp-sustaining-quality-and-reducing-disparities-in-guideline-concordant-breast-and-colon-cancer-care
#17
Pamela Spain, Stephanie Teixeira-Poit, Michael T Halpern, Kathleen Castro, Irene Prabhu Das, Brenda Adjei, Rebecca Lewis, Steven B Clauser
BACKGROUND: The National Cancer Institute Community Cancer Centers Program (NCCCP) pilot was designed to improve quality of cancer care and reduce disparities at community hospitals. The NCCCP's primary intervention was the implementation of the Commission on Cancer Rapid Quality Reporting System (RQRS). The RQRS is a hospital-based data collection and evaluation system allowing near real-time assessment of selected breast and colon cancer quality of care measures. Building on previous NCCCP analyses, this study examined whether improvements in quality cancer care within NCCCP hospitals early in the program were sustained and whether improvements were notable for minority or underserved populations...
May 9, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474459/use-of-guideline-recommended-adjuvant-therapies-and-survival-outcomes-for-people-with-colorectal-cancer-at-tertiary-referral-hospitals-in-south-australia
#18
Pamela Adelson, Kellie Fusco, Christos Karapetis, David Wattchow, Rohit Joshi, Timothy Price, Greg Sharplin, David Roder
RATIONALE, AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Adjuvant care for colorectal cancer (CRC) has increased over the past 3 decades in South Australia (SA) in accordance with national treatment guidelines. This study explores the (1) receipt of adjuvant therapy for CRC in SA as related to national guideline recommendations, with a focus on stage C colon and stage B and C rectal cancer; (2) timing of these adjuvant therapies in relation to surgery; and (3) comparative survival outcomes. METHODS: Data from the SA Clinical Cancer Registry from 4 tertiary referral hospitals for 2000 to 2010 were examined...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473079/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-pretreatment%C3%A2-staging-of-colorectal-cancer
#19
Kathryn J Fowler, Harmeet Kaur, Brooks D Cash, Barry W Feig, Kenneth L Gage, Evelyn M Garcia, Amy K Hara, Joseph M Herman, David H Kim, Drew L Lambert, Angela D Levy, Christine M Peterson, Christopher D Scheirey, William Small, Martin P Smith, Tasneem Lalani, Laura R Carucci
Colorectal cancers are common tumors in the United States and appropriate imaging is essential to direct appropriate care. Staging and treatment differs between tumors arising in the colon versus the rectum. Local staging for colon cancer is less integral to directing therapy given radical resection is often standard. Surgical options for rectal carcinoma are more varied and rely on accurate assessment of the sphincter, circumferential resection margins, and peritoneal reflection. These important anatomic landmarks are best appreciated on high-resolution imaging with transrectal ultrasound or MRI...
May 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471838/risk-of-colorectal-cancer-and-associated-mortality-in-hiv-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Tyler J OʼNeill, Joseph D Nguemo, Anne-Marie Tynan, Ann N Burchell, Tony Antoniou
BACKGROUND: As people with HIV live longer, the numbers of colorectal cancer cases are expected to increase. We sought to compare the colorectal cancer incidence and cause-specific mortality among people living with and without HIV. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: We searched 5 electronic databases up to June 28, 2016, for primary studies reporting standardized incidence ratios (SIRs), standardized mortality ratios (SMRs)/hazard ratios or data sufficient for estimating these summary measures...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
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