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Emergency medicine pharmacist

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884844/medication-reconciliation-as-a-medication-safety-initiative-in-ethiopia-a-study-protocol
#1
Alemayehu B Mekonnen, Andrew J McLachlan, Jo-Anne E Brien, Desalew Mekonnen, Zenahebezu Abay
INTRODUCTION: Medication related adverse events are common, particularly during transitions of care, and have a significant impact on patient outcomes and healthcare costs. Medication reconciliation (MedRec) is an important initiative to achieve the Quality Use of Medicines, and has been adopted as a standard practice in many developed countries. However, the impact of this strategy is rarely described in Ethiopia. The aims of this study are to explore patient safety culture, and to develop, implement and evaluate a theory informed MedRec intervention, with the aim of minimising the incidence of medication errors during hospital admission...
November 24, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873322/non-medical-prescribing-versus-medical-prescribing-for-acute-and-chronic-disease-management-in-primary-and-secondary-care
#2
REVIEW
Greg Weeks, Johnson George, Katie Maclure, Derek Stewart
BACKGROUND: A range of health workforce strategies are needed to address health service demands in low-, middle- and high-income countries. Non-medical prescribing involves nurses, pharmacists, allied health professionals, and physician assistants substituting for doctors in a prescribing role, and this is one approach to improve access to medicines. OBJECTIVES: To assess clinical, patient-reported, and resource use outcomes of non-medical prescribing for managing acute and chronic health conditions in primary and secondary care settings compared with medical prescribing (usual care)...
November 22, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864202/implementation-of-inpatient-models-of-pharmacogenetics-programs
#3
Larisa H Cavallari, Craig R Lee, Julio D Duarte, Edith A Nutescu, Kristin W Weitzel, George A Stouffer, Julie A Johnson
PURPOSE: The operational elements essential for establishing an inpatient pharmacogenetic service are reviewed, and the role of the pharmacist in the provision of genotype-guided drug therapy in pharmacogenetics programs at three institutions is highlighted. SUMMARY: Pharmacists are well positioned to assume important roles in facilitating the clinical use of genetic information to optimize drug therapy given their expertise in clinical pharmacology and therapeutics...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864201/precision-medicine-in-oncology-new-practice-models-and-roles-for-oncology-pharmacists
#4
Christine Walko, Patrick J Kiel, Jill Kolesar
PURPOSE: Three different precision medicine practice models developed by oncology pharmacists are described, including strategies for implementation and recommendations for educating the next generation of oncology pharmacy practitioners. SUMMARY: Oncology is unique in that somatic mutations can both drive the development of a tumor and serve as a therapeutic target for treating the cancer. Precision medicine practice models are a forum through which interprofessional teams, including pharmacists, discuss tumor somatic mutations to guide patient-specific treatment...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843107/pediatric-medication-use-experiences-and-patient-counseling-in-community-pharmacies-perspectives-of-children-and-parents
#5
Olufunmilola Abraham, Amanda Brothers, Dayna S Alexander, Delesha M Carpenter
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore the perspectives of children and parents regarding: 1) pediatric patients' knowledge and medication use experiences for chronic conditions; 2) how they want to learn about medicines; and 3) perceptions of community pharmacist-provided counseling. DESIGN: Qualitative study using semistructured interviews and thematic analyses. SETTING: Three community pharmacies in 2 eastern states: one in rural western North Carolina, and 2 in an urban region of western Pennsylvania...
November 11, 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811162/pediatric-medication-safety-in-adult-community-hospital-settings-a-glimpse-into-nationwide-practice
#6
Francisco Alvarez, Lana Ismail, Allison Markowsky
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Most children in the United States are treated in adult settings. Studies show that the pediatric population is vulnerable to medication errors. It can be extrapolated that children cared for in adult settings are at equal or higher risk for errors. The goal of this study was to assess the existing pediatric medication safety infrastructure within adult hospitals. METHODS: Questionnaire developed through Research Electronic Data Capture (REDCap) and distributed to pediatric hospitalist programs listed on the American Academy of Pediatrics, Section on Hospital Medicine web site and members of the American Academy of Pediatrics Quality Improvement Innovation Networks listserv...
December 2016: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803503/evaluation-of-pharmacist-impact-on-culture-review-process-for-patients-discharged-from-the-emergency-department
#7
Ruben D Santiago, Jose A Bazan, Nicole V Brown, Eric J Adkins, Mary Beth Shirk
Background: Accurate and timely review of microbiological test results is a core component of antimicrobial stewardship. There is documented success of these programs in the inpatient setting; however, emergency department (ED) patients are typically not included in these initiatives. Objectives: To assess the impact of an emergency medicine pharmacist (EMP)-facilitated review process of positive microbiological test results from patients discharged from the ED as measured by time to positive result review and number of indicated interventions completed...
October 2016: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785169/non-prescription-dispensing-of-emergency-oral-contraceptives-recommendations-from-the-german-federal-chamber-of-pharmacists-bundesapothekerkammer
#8
Martin Schulz, Ralf Goebel, Claudia Schumann, Petra Zagermann-Muncke
BACKGROUND: Emergency hormonal contraceptives (EHC) are contraceptives used to prevent unintended pregnancy following unprotected sexual intercourse (USI) or contraceptive failure. The EHCs available without a prescription include medicines containing levonorgestrel (LNG) in more than 80 countries and, recently, based on an EU-switch ellaOne®, which contains ulipristal acetate (UPA). EHCs work by stopping or delaying ovulation. Those containing LNG can be used up to 72 hours after USI or contraceptive failure, while UPA can be used up to 120 hours...
July 2016: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774739/physician-agreement-regarding-the-expansion-of-pharmacist-professional-activities-in-the-management-of-patients-with-asthma
#9
Audrey Tilly-Gratton, Alexandrine Lamontagne, Lucie Blais, Simon L Bacon, Pierre Ernst, Roland Grad, Kim L Lavoie, Martha L McKinney, Eve Desplats, Francine M Ducharme
BACKGROUND: Asthma control remains suboptimal in Canada. Expansion of pharmacist's professional activities offers the opportunity to improve the interdisciplinary management of patients with asthma. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the level of agreement of physicians regarding the expansion of pharmacists' professional activities in the management of asthma patients. METHODS: We conducted a survey of randomly selected Quebec physicians in family medicine, paediatrics and emergency medicine...
October 24, 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756922/an-observational-case-study-of-near-peer-teaching-in-medical-and-pharmacy-experiential-training
#10
Bayan Sharif-Chan, Dipti Tankala, Christine Leong, Zubin Austin, Marisa Battistella
Objective. To compare peer teaching in a medical and a pharmacy clinical teaching unit and to provide suggestions for future research in pharmacy near-peer teaching. Methods. This exploratory observational study used principles of ethnographic methodology for data collection and analysis. Observations were collected in a large downtown teaching hospital. An average of 4-6 hours per day were spent observing a team of medical trainees from the Faculty (School) of Medicine in the general internal medicine (unit for two weeks, followed by a team of pharmacy trainees in an ambulatory hemodialysis (HD) unit for two weeks...
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698502/leadership-book-club-an-innovative-strategy-to-incorporate-leadership-development-into-pharmacy-residency-programs
#11
Alyssa Chappell, Katelyn Dervay
Purpose: To describe an innovative strategy for incorporating leadership training and development across multiple postgraduate year 2 (PGY2) pharmacy residency programs at a single institution. Background: Tampa General Hospital has 7 pharmacy residency positions: 4 postgraduate year 1 (PGY1) residents and a single resident for each of the 3 PGY2 programs (critical care, emergency medicine, and solid organ transplant). Administrative topics are incorporated across the PGY1 and PGY2 residency programs, with each PGY2 program having additional administrative topics specific to their specialty area...
September 2016: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606071/evaluation-of-pharmaceutical-lifesaving-skills-training-oriented-pharmaceutical-intervention
#12
Yoshito Zamami, Toru Imai, Masaki Imanishi, Kenshi Takechi, Naoko Shiraishi, Toshihiro Koyama, Hidenori Sagara, Yasukazu Shiino, Toshiaki Sendo, Keisuke Ishizawa
BACKGROUND: Many pharmacists are participating in team-based medical care in emergency hospitals. Therefore, there is a desperate need to improve the education system. In the present study, we provided a "pharmaceutical lifesaving skills training" to the students in their fifth and sixth year of the pharmaceutical school and evaluated the program's impact on the students' learning and confidence in their ability to perform pharmaceutical interventions for emergency patients. METHODS: We conducted a pharmaceutical lifesaving skills training program with 12 participants who were in their fifth and six year of pharmaceutical school...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555676/the-role-of-the-pharmacist-in-the-management-of-kidney-transplant-recipients
#13
REVIEW
Joshua J Wiegel, Ali J Olyaei
Pharmacists may play a key role on the multidisciplinary transplant team. This article describes the development and current status of pharmacists in the management of transplant recipients in the United States. Traditionally, pharmacists played an important support role in transplant medicine. This role has been expanded to include direct patient care for the avoidance, detection, and/or treatment of side effects from the polypharmacy necessary in the management of these complex patients. Pharmacists provide pre- and post-transplant education to transplant recipients to enhance adherence to complicated medical regimens and thereby reduce readmission to hospital and unscheduled, costly visits to urgent care centers and/or hospital emergency departments...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Urology: IJU: Journal of the Urological Society of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540187/the-potential-for-pharmacists-to-manage-children-attending-emergency-departments
#14
David Terry, Konstantinos Petridis, Matt Aiello, Anthony Sinclair, Chi Huynh, Louis Mazard, Hirminder Ubhi, Alex Terry, Elizabeth Hughes
AIM: There have been concerns about maintaining appropriate clinical staff levels in Emergency Departments in England.1 The aim of this study was to determine if Emergency Department attendees aged from 0-16 years could be managed by community pharmacists or hospital independent prescriber pharmacists with or without further advanced clinical practice training. METHOD: A prospective, 48 site, cross-sectional, observational study of patients attending Emergency Departments (ED) in England, UK was conducted...
September 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27510473/impact-of-an-emergency-medicine-pharmacist-on-time-to-thrombolysis-in-acute-ischemic-stroke
#15
Kayla Montgomery, A Brad Hall, Georgia Keriazes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491172/-early-achievements-of-the-danish-pharmaceutical-industry-8-lundbeck
#16
Jørgen V Grevsen, Hanne Kirkegaard, Edith Kruse, Poul R Kruse
The article series provides a written and pictorial account of the Danish pharmaceutical industry's products from their introduction until about 1950. Part 8 deals with products from Lundbeck. Lundbeck which today is known as a considerable international pharmaceutical company could in 2015 celebrate its 100 years' jubilee. Among the early Danish medicinal companies H. Lundbeck & Co. is in many ways an exception as the company was not originally established as a pharmaceutical company. Not until several years after the foundation the company began to import foreign ready-made medicinal products and later-on to manufacture these medicinal products in own factory and even later to do research and development of own innovative products...
2016: Theriaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27460523/the-correlation-between-regulatory-conditions-and-antibiotic-consumption-within-the-who-european-region
#17
Tanja Mueller, Per-Olof Östergren
BACKGROUND: In a global perspective, bacterial infections are still a major cause of morbidity and mortality; therefore, effective antibiotics are needed. However, the emergence of antibiotic resistance due to irrational use has now become a serious public health problem. Hence, the objective of this study was to analyse the association of regulatory aspects with antibiotic consumption. METHODS: A data set representing 20 countries throughout the WHO European Region was chosen based on data availability so as to analyse the correlation between specific regulatory conditions and antibiotic consumption, using total consumption data for 2011 and information about national provisions regarding rational use of medicines...
August 2016: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27424171/external-facilitators-and-interprofessional-facilitation-teams-a-qualitative-study-of-their-roles-in-supporting-practice-change
#18
Sylvie Lessard, Céline Bareil, Lyne Lalonde, Fabie Duhamel, Eveline Hudon, Johanne Goudreau, Lise Lévesque
BACKGROUND: Facilitation is a powerful approach to support practice change. The purpose of this study is to better understand the facilitation roles exercised by both external facilitators and interprofessional facilitation teams to foster the implementation of change. Building on Dogherty et al.'s taxonomy of facilitation activities, this study uses an organizational development lens to identify and analyze facilitation roles. It includes a concise definition of what interprofessional facilitation teams actually do, thus expanding our limited knowledge of teams that act as change agents...
2016: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383246/medicine-shortages-in-australia-causes-impact-and-management-strategies-in-the-community-setting
#19
Yee Xi Tan, Rebekah J Moles, Betty B Chaar
Background Medicine shortages are an ongoing global problem. The Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) dedicated a website for monitoring of medicine shortages in Australia in May 2014, as part of the Medicine Shortage Information Initiative. This study aimed to explore the views of pharmacists regarding medicine shortages in the community setting and the impact of the TGA website in Australia. Setting Community pharmacies in New South Wales, Australia. Method Twenty semi-structured interviews were conducted with community pharmacists...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27374962/pharmaceutical-education-focused-on-pharmacotherapy-in-emergency-medical-care
#20
Yoshito Zamami, Toshihiro Koyama, Toru Imai, Akane Takemoto, Hidenori Sagara, Toshiaki Sendo, Hironori Nakura
Pharmacists are expected to be active members of the healthcare team in emergency medicine, because many pharmaceuticals are administered to patients with life-threatening conditions. However, adequate education for pharmacists and pharmacy students is not provided. The "Emergency Pharmaceutical Sciences" course was introduced for the first time in Japan by the Department of Pharmacy, Okayama University, to offer advanced education in emergency medicine and research related to critical care. We offer an emergency pharmaceutical training program with high-performance simulators and have succeeded in improving the clinical skills and confidence of pharmacy students...
2016: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
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