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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917022/epidemiology-pathogenesis-and-management-of-takotsubo-syndrome
#1
REVIEW
Shams Y-Hassan, Per Tornvall
Takotsubo syndrome is a recently recognized acute cardiac disease entity with a clinical presentation resembling that of an acute coronary syndrome. The typical takotsubo syndrome patient has a unique circumferential left (bi-) ventricular contraction abnormality profile that extends beyond a coronary artery supply territory and appears to follow the anatomical cardiac sympathetic innervation. The syndrome predominantly affects postmenopausal women and is often preceded by emotional or physical stress. Patients with predisposing factors such as malignancy and other chronic comorbidities are more prone to suffer from takotsubo syndrome...
September 15, 2017: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884567/high-peak-pao2-values-are-associated-with-adverse-outcome-in-critically-ill-patients-treated-with-non-invasive-ventilation-for-acute-cardogenic-pulmonary-edema-and-pneumonia
#2
Christiana Schernthaner, Bernhard Wernly, Michael Lichtenauer, Marcus Franz, Alexander Lauten, Paul C Schulze, Bjoern Kabisch, Kristina Braun, Johanna Muessig, Maryna Masyuk, Uta C Hoppe, Malte Kelm, Christian Jung
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive Ventilation (NIV) has a sigificant impact on mortality in acute respiratory failure (ARF). Predictive parameters for mortality are of high interest. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 3759 blood gas analysis and clinical parameters of 475 patients presenting with ARF based on acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema and/or pneumonia. The influence of peak arterial oxygen partial pressure levels (PaO2) with respect to its predictive value for in-hopital and long-term mortality was investigated...
September 7, 2017: Panminerva Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870157/ten-important-articles-on-noninvasive-ventilation-in-critically-ill-patients-and-insights-for-the-future-a-report-of-expert-opinions
#3
A Cortegiani, V Russotto, M Antonelli, E Azoulay, A Carlucci, G Conti, A Demoule, M Ferrer, N S Hill, S Jaber, P Navalesi, P Pelosi, R Scala, C Gregoretti
BACKGROUND: Noninvasive ventilation is used worldwide in many settings. Its effectiveness has been proven for common clinical conditions in critical care such as cardiogenic pulmonary edema and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbations. Since the first pioneering studies of noninvasive ventilation in critical care in the late 1980s, thousands of studies and articles have been published on this topic. Interestingly, some aspects remain controversial (e.g. its use in de-novo hypoxemic respiratory failure, role of sedation, self-induced lung injury)...
September 4, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854506/transfusion-related-acute-lung-injury-following-pda-ligation-in-a-preterm-neonate
#4
R G LaGrandeur, M Tran, C Merchant, C Uy
Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is a life-threatening complication of blood product transfusion characterized by sudden onset hypoxemic respiratory failure with bilateral lung infiltrates and non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema developing within 6 hours of transfusion. It is believed to be under-recognized, particularly among preterm neonates in whom co-existing developmental lung disease adds diagnostic complexity. Here we report the case of a preterm neonate who developed TRALI during a blood transfusion following PDA ligation...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841896/a-systematic-review-of-diagnostic-methods-to-differentiate-acute-lung-injury-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-from-cardiogenic-pulmonary-edema
#5
Kosaku Komiya, Tomohiro Akaba, Yuji Kozaki, Jun-Ichi Kadota, Bruce K Rubin
BACKGROUND: Discriminating acute lung injury (ALI) or acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) from cardiogenic pulmonary edema (CPE) is often challenging. This systematic review examines studies using biomarkers or images to distinguish ALI/ARDS from CPE. METHODS: Three investigators independently identified studies designed to distinguish ALI/ARDS from CPE in adults. Studies were identified from PubMed, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials database until July 3, 2017...
August 25, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820609/cardio-pulmonary-interactions-physiologic-basis-and-clinical-applications
#6
Michael R Pinsky
The hemodynamic effects of ventilation can be grouped into three concepts: 1) spontaneous ventilation is exercise; 2) changes in lung volume alter autonomic tone, pulmonary vascular resistance, and can compress the heart in the cardiac fossa; 3) spontaneous inspiratory efforts decrease intrathoracic pressure (ITP) increasing venous return and impeding left ventricular (LV) ejection; whereas positive pressure ventilation decreases venous return and unloads LV ejection. Spontaneous inspiratory efforts may induce acute LV failure and cardiogenic pulmonary edema...
August 18, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820545/assessment-and-management-of-acute-severe-mitral-regurgitation-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#7
Marina Leitman, Vladimir Tyomkin, Ehud Raanani, Ram Sharony, Ludmila Tzatskin, Eli Peleg, Alex Blatt, Zvi Vered
BACKGROUND: Acute severe mitral regurgitation (MR) is a serious medical condition. Whilst clear guidelines exist regarding the management of chronic MR, acute severe MR is usually treated on an individual basis. Currently, few data exist regarding acute MR in the era of primary coronary interventions (PCI). The present study included patients admitted to the Department of Cardiology during recent years with acute severe MR of different etiologies, and an analysis of these data in the light of previous investigations...
March 2017: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804627/effect-of-rapamycin-on-early-stage-apoptosis-of-neutrophils-in-sprague-dawley-rats-with-acute-lung-injury
#8
Liwei Li, Changtai Zhu, Ye Yuan, Zhiqiang Li
Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is a serious complication characterized by the acute onset of non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema following transfusion of blood products. It is not known whether rapamycin has an effect on TRALI that is caused by blood transfusion. The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of rapamycin on early stage apoptosis of neutrophils in Sprague-Dawley rats with acute lung injury. Animal models of TRALI and acute pancreatitis-associated lung injury (APALI) were prepared using Sprague-Dawley rats and histopathological examination of lung tissues was used to validate acute lung injury models...
August 2017: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770279/-treatment-of-an-uncommon-case-of-a-cardiogenic-shock-simultaneous-use-of-a-va-ecmo-and-an-impella-cp%C3%A2
#9
H Haake, K Grün-Himmelmann, U Kania, F Trudzinski, P M Lepper, J Vom Dahl
We report the case of a 48-year old woman where probably the intramuscular administration of glucocorticoids by an orthopedist induced a pheochromocytoma crisis. The development of a cardiogenic shock with a cardiac arrest made the use of a venoarterial extra corporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO, Cardiohelp®, Maquet, Rastatt) necessary. To treat a pulmonary edema under VA-ECMO an Impella-CP® (Abiomed, Aachen) was implanted. A coronary angiography, endomyocardial biopsies and a computer tomography were performed...
August 2, 2017: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745850/noninvasive-ventilation-for-patients-in-acute-respiratory-distress-an-update-digest
#10
Nikita Joshi, Molly K Estes, Kayla Shipley, Hyun-Chul Danny Lee, Milana Zaurova
Over the last 20 years, noninvasive ventilation (NIV) strategies have been used with increasing frequency. The ease of use of NIV makes it applicable to patients presenting in a variety of types of respiratory distress. In this review, the physiology of positive pressure ventilation is discussed, including indications, contraindications, and options for mask type and fit. Characteristics of patients who are most likely to benefit from NIV are reviewed, including those in respiratory distress from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbation and cardiogenic pulmonary edema...
February 22, 2017: Emergency Medicine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741217/effects-of-non-invasive-ventilation-in-patients-with-acute-respiratory-failure-excluding-post-extubation-respiratory-failure-cardiogenic-pulmonary-edema-and-exacerbation-of-copd-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Yutaka Kondo, Junji Kumasawa, Atsushi Kawaguchi, Ryutaro Seo, Eishu Nango, Satoru Hashimoto
BACKGROUND: This meta-analysis compared the effects of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) with invasive mechanical ventilation (InMV) and standard oxygen (O2) therapy on mortality and rate of tracheal intubation in patients presenting acute respiratory failure (ARF). METHODS: We searched the MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane Central Register of clinical trials databases between 1949 and May 2015 to identify randomized trials of NIV for ARF. We excluded the ARF caused by extubation, cardiogenic pulmonary edema, and COPD...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733094/isolated-non-cardiogenic-pulmonary-edema-a-rare-complication-of-mdma-toxicity
#12
Astrid Haaland, Elliot Warman, Illya Pushkar, Antonios Likourezos, Matt S Friedman
This is a case of a 19-year-old male who presented to the medical tent at an outdoor electronic dance music festival (EDMF) due to an altered mental state in the setting of acute 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) intoxication. He was noted to be in severe respiratory distress, required endotracheal intubation in the field and subsequently developed Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) without other acute organ dysfunction. He was hospitalized for 5days requiring endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation...
September 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708723/preliminary-results-can-dual-energy-computed-tomography-help-distinguish-cardiogenic-pulmonary-edema-and-acute-interstitial-lung-disease
#13
Hitoshi Takeuchi, Shigeru Suzuki, Haruhiko Machida, Takuya Ishikawa, Eiko Ueno
OBJECTIVE: We compared iodine concentration in pulmonary ground-glass opacity on iodine density images of contrast-enhanced chest dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) between patients with cardiogenic pulmonary edema (CPE) and acute interstitial lung disease (AILD). METHODS: Five of 12 patients who underwent contrast-enhanced chest DECT to exclude pulmonary embolism were clinically diagnosed with CPE and 7, with AILD. We compared the mean CT value on monochromatic images at 65 keV and iodine concentration on iodine density images between the affected and normal areas...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707493/ab-chminaca-induced-sudden-death-from-non-cardiogenic-pulmonary-edema
#14
Hideyuki Maeda, Ruri Kikura-Hanajiri, Maiko Kawamura, Erika Nagashima, Ken-Ichi Yoshida
CONTEXT: Despite widespread use of diverse synthetic cannabinoid (sCB) compounds, the pathophysiology associated with intoxication with many sCB compounds, including AB-CHMINACA, is poorly understood, as is their metabolism and distribution into blood and organs. CASE DETAILS: A young man died shortly after ingesting an herb product containing sCB compounds. Toxicological analyses of blood samples revealed high levels of AB-CHMINACA (7.61 ± 0.59 ng/mL) and its metabolites (M2, 56...
July 14, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689679/non-invasive-mechanical-ventilation-versus-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-relating-to-cardiogenic-pulmonary-edema-in-an-intensive-care-unit
#15
Alberto Belenguer-Muncharaz, Lidón Mateu-Campos, Rubén González-Luís, Bárbara Vidal-Tegedor, Amparo Ferrándiz-Sellés, Joaquín Árguedas-Cervera, Susana Altaba-Tena, Patricia Casero-Roig, Ester Moreno-Clarí
BACKGROUND: To compare the application of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) versus continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in the treatment of patients with cardiogenic pulmonary edema (CPE) admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: In a prospective, randomized, controlled study performed in an ICU, patients with CPE were assigned to NIV (n=56) or CPAP (n=54). Primary outcome was intubation rate. Secondary outcomes included duration of ventilation, length of ICU and hospital stay, improvement of gas exchange, complications, ICU and hospital mortality, and 28-day mortality...
July 6, 2017: Archivos de Bronconeumología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612239/dengue-hemorrhagic-fever-a-state-of-the-art-review-focused-in-pulmonary-involvement
#16
REVIEW
Renata Rocha de Almeida, Bernardo Paim, Solange Artimos de Oliveira, Arthur Soares Souza, Antônio Carlos Portugal Gomes, Dante Luiz Escuissato, Gláucia Zanetti, Edson Marchiori
Dengue fever is an arboviral disease transmitted to humans through the bites of infected female Aedes mosquitoes. Dengue virus is a member of the Flaviviridae family, and human infection can be caused by any of the four antigenically distinct serotypes (DENV 1-4). The infection has become recognized as the most important and prevalent arboviral disease in humans, endemic in almost 100 countries worldwide. Nearly 3 billion people live in areas with transmission risk. Autochthonous transmission of the virus in previously disease-free areas, increased incidence in endemic areas, and epidemic resurgence in controlled regions could increase the risk of contracting more severe forms of the disease, such as dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF)/dengue shock syndrome (DSS)...
August 2017: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601264/high-flow-nasal-cannula-versus-conventional-oxygen-therapy-in-emergency-department-patients-with-cardiogenic-pulmonary-edema-a%C3%A2-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Onlak Makdee, Apichaya Monsomboon, Usapan Surabenjawong, Nattakarn Praphruetkit, Wansiri Chaisirin, Tipa Chakorn, Chairat Permpikul, Phakphoom Thiravit, Tanyaporn Nakornchai
STUDY OBJECTIVE: High-flow nasal cannula is a new method for delivering high-flow supplemental oxygen for victims of respiratory failure. This randomized controlled trial compares high-flow nasal cannula with conventional oxygen therapy in emergency department (ED) patients with cardiogenic pulmonary edema. METHODS: We conducted an open-label randomized controlled trial in the ED of Siriraj Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand. Patients aged 18 years or older with cardiogenic pulmonary edema were randomly assigned to receive either conventional oxygen therapy or high-flow nasal cannula...
June 7, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592998/the-use-of-lung-ultrasound-images-for-the-differential-diagnosis-of-pulmonary-and-cardiac-interstitial-pathology
#18
REVIEW
Gino Soldati, Marcello Demi
In recent years, great advances have been made in the use of lung ultrasound to detect pulmonary edema and interstitial changes in the lung. However, it is clear that B-lines oversimplify the description of the physical phenomena associated with their presence. The artifactual images that ultrasounds provide in interstitial pulmonary pathology are merely the ultimate outcome of the complex interaction of a specific acoustic wave with a specific three-dimensional biological structure. This interaction lacks a solid physical interpretation of the acoustic signs to support it...
June 2017: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567581/temporary-biventricular-support-with-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-a-feasible-therapeutic-approach-for-cardiogenic-shock-with-multiple-organ-failure
#19
Osamu Seguchi, Tomoyuki Fujita, Takuya Watanabe, Kensuke Kuroda, Eriko Hisamatsu, Seiko Nakajima, Takuma Sato, Haruki Sunami, Masanobu Yanase, Hiroki Hata, Junjiro Kobayashi, Takeshi Nakatani, Norihide Fukushima
Various strategies using a ventricular assist device (VAD) are applied to rescue Interagency Registry for Mechanically Assisted Circulatory Support profile 1 (Profile-1) patients. However, the optimal use of VAD in Profile-1 patients has not been completely elucidated. We retrospectively reviewed 23 Profile-1 patients [mean age 36.9 ± 16.6 years, 14 males; 11 with non-ischemic cardiomyopathy (NICM), 9 with fulminant myocarditis (FM), 2 with ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM), and 1 with peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM); 18 with pre-operative percutaneous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (p-ECMO) support] who underwent VAD implantation from 2011 to 2015 at our institution...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560714/clinical-presentation-and-echocardiographic-diagnosis-of-postinfarction-papillary-muscle-rupture-a-review-of-22-cases
#20
Bradley W Ternus, Sunil Mankad, William D Edwards, Rekha Mankad
BACKGROUND: Acute myocardial infarctions (AMI) continue to be common in the United States. Mechanical complications of AMI can lead to cardiogenic shock (CS) and death. The aim of this study was to review the cases of papillary muscle ruptures in the setting of myocardial infarctions at a tertiary care center, with a focus on the clinical presentation and echocardiographic diagnosis. METHODS: This was a retrospective study from January 1, 2000 through December 31, 2014...
May 30, 2017: Echocardiography
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