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Pediatric cardiac feeding

Kylie D Lewis, Jennifer Conway, Chentel Cunningham, Bodil M K Larsen
Pediatric heart failure is a complex disease occurring when cardiac output is unable to meet the metabolic demands of the body. With improved surgical interventions and medical therapies, survival rates have improved, and care has shifted from focusing on survival to optimizing quality of life and health outcomes. Based on current literature, this review addresses the nutrition needs of infants and children in heart failure and describes the pathophysiology and metabolic implications of this disease. The prevalence of wasting in pediatric heart failure has been reported to be as high as 86%, highlighting the importance of nutrition assessment through all stages of treatment to provide appropriate intake of energy, protein, and micronutrients...
June 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Chinwendu Onwubiko, Brent R Weil, Sigrid Bairdain, Amber M Hall, Julia M Perkins, Hariharan Thangarajah, Maireade E McSweeney, C Jason Smithers
PURPOSE: Outcomes associated with primary laparoscopic gastrojejunal (GJ) tube placement in the pediatric population were evaluated. METHODS: A single-institution, retrospective review examined patients undergoing laparoscopic GJ tube placement between June 2011 and December 2014. Outcomes included gastric feeding tolerance, subsequent fundoplication, complications, and mortality. RESULTS: Ninety laparoscopic GJ tubes were placed. Median follow-up was 342days (interquartile range [IQR]=141-561days)...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Jeffrey Hsu, Kathleen M Tibbetts, Derek Wu, Michel Nassar, Melin Tan
INTRODUCTION: Infants with bilateral vocal fold immobility (BVFI) often have poor swallow function in addition to potential airway compromise. While there are several reports on BVFI and its effect on patients' airway status, little is known about long term swallow function. OBJECTIVES: We aim to characterize the swallowing function over time in pediatric patients with bilateral vocal fold immobility. METHODS: A retrospective review of medical records of infants diagnosed with BVFI at a tertiary care children's hospital between 2005 and 2014 was conducted...
February 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Julie Slicker, Sharon Sables-Baus, Linda M Lambert, Laura E Peterson, Frances K Woodard, Elena C Ocampo
Background Feeding dysfunction occurs commonly in infants with single ventricle heart disease and impacts growth and long-term outcomes. Little evidence exists to guide safe feeding in this population. This study surveyed centers participating in the National Pediatric Cardiology Quality Improvement Collaborative to assess prevailing feeding practices amongthose caring for single ventricle neonates. Methods Web-based survey of 56 pediatric cardiac surgical centers was conducted. Questions addressed peri-operative feeding approaches and responses were presented and analyzed descriptively...
December 2016: Congenital Heart Disease
Michelle Schuh, Sheena Schendel, Sunjidatul Islam, Keltie Klassen, Lisa Morrison, Kathryn N Rankin, Cheri Robert, Andrew S Mackie
PURPOSE: This study aimed to measure parents' readiness for discharge from a pediatric cardiology/cardiac surgical inpatient unit. DESIGN AND METHODS: An observational study was conducted at a single tertiary care pediatric cardiac surgical program; parents received teaching from a discharge coordinator, bedside nurse, and, if needed, dietician and pharmacist. We surveyed parents/guardians on the day of discharge and 2 weeks later. RESULTS: We enrolled 181 participants, 53% with children <12 months of age...
July 2016: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
Subhasis Roy Choudhury, Partap Singh Yadav, Niyaz Ahmed Khan, Shalu Shah, Pinaki Ranjan Debnath, Virendra Kumar, Rajiv Chadha
AIM: The aim of this study was to report the results of pediatric esophageal substitution by gastric pull-up (GPU) and gastric tube (GT) from a tertiary care pediatric center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of the surgical techniques, results, complications, and final outcome of all pediatric patients who underwent esophageal substitution in a single institution was performed. RESULTS: Twenty-four esophageal substitutions were performed over 15-year period...
July 2016: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
H K Chang, S Y Kim, J I Kim, S I Kim, J K Whang, J Y Choi, J M Park, E S Jung, S E Rha, D G Kim, I S Moon, M D Lee
A retrospective review of intestinal transplantation (ITx) at Seoul St. Mary's Hospital was made by collecting clinical data over the past 10 years. Fifteen consecutive cases from 2004 were analyzed. Five children and 10 adults (6 months to 69 years of age) were included. Primary diseases in adults included 4 mesenteric vessel thromboses, 2 strangulations, and 1 each of visceral myopathy, malignant gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), mesenteric lymphangiectasis, and injury. Pediatric cases involved 2 Hirschsprung disease, 2 visceral myopathy, and 1 necrotizing enterocolitis...
March 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Andrea Borromini, Giorgio Rossi, Paola Maggi, Daniele Speciale, Gianpaolo Mirri, Anna Cogliardi, Claudia Addis, Emanuele Dainese, Emanuela Bonoldi, Alessandro Marando
A Turkish female infant of 96 days was admitted to the pediatric emergency room because of inconsolable crying, persistent cough, and difficulty in feeding during the previous day. She was conscious and did not show any signs or symptoms of multiorgan failure. A few minutes afterwards, the child experienced cardiac arrest with an initial cardiac rhythm of asystole and died 75 minutes later following cardiopulmonary resuscitation maneuvers. As the pathological cause of death, autopsy findings revealed a rare type of idiopathic infantile arterial calcification resulting from a mutation in the gene encoding for the ENPP1 enzyme...
March 2016: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
Jeffrey A Alten, Leslie A Rhodes, Sarah Tabbutt, David S Cooper, Eric M Graham, Nancy Ghanayem, Bradley S Marino, Mayte I Figueroa, Nikhil K Chanani, Jeffrey P Jacobs, Janet E Donohue, Sunkyung Yu, Michael Gaies
UNLABELLED: Introduction The optimal perioperative feeding strategies for neonates with CHD are unknown. In the present study, we describe the current feeding practices across a multi-institutional cohort. METHODS: Inclusion criteria for this study were as follows: all neonates undergoing cardiac surgery admitted to the cardiac ICU for ⩾24 hours preoperatively between October, 2013 and July, 2014 in the Pediatric Cardiac Critical Care Consortium registry. RESULTS: The cohort included 251 patients from eight centres...
December 2015: Cardiology in the Young
M Florencia Ricci, Gwen Y Alton, David B Ross, Bryan J Dicken, Diane M Moddemann, Charlene M T Robertson
OBJECTIVE: To compare the proportion of developmental delay in early complex cardiac surgery (CCS) survivors with and without gastrostomy tube feeding (GTF). To explore acute care predictors of GTF that might help improve care in CCS survivors. STUDY GROUP: This comparison study of 2 groups within an inception cohort included 334 CCS survivors after cardiopulmonary bypass at ≤6 weeks of age (2005-2012) who did not require extracorporeal membrane oxygenation or heart transplantation...
February 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Juan Ding, Yu Huang, Haipo Yang, Qingyou Zhang, Xinlin Hou, Xueqin Liu, Yanling Yang, Hui Xiong
OBJECTIVE: To summarize clinical features and diagnosis of Chinese infantile patients with glycogen storage disease type II (GSD II). METHOD: Six infant patients with GSD II diagnosed from January 2012 to June 2014 in the Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital were enrolled into this study. Clinical information of the 6 patients, including clinical manifestation, blood biochemistry, chest X-ray, echocardiogram, electrocardiogram, acid alpha-glucosidase (GAA) activity and GAA gene mutation analysis by direct sequencing of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) product were reviewed...
June 2015: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
Anne M Stey, Brian D Kenney, Mark E Cohen, R Lawrence Moss, Bruce L Hall, Loren Berman, Kari Kraemer, Clifford Y Ko, Charles D Vinocur
OBJECTIVE: Gastrostomy feeding tube placement in children is associated with a high frequency of adverse events. This study sought to preoperatively estimate postoperative adverse events in children undergoing gastrostomy feeding tube placement. METHODS: This was an observational study of children who underwent gastrostomy with or without fundoplication at 1 of 50 participating hospitals, using 2011-2013 data from the American College of Surgeons' National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Pediatric...
March 2016: Academic Pediatrics
Nigel J Hall, Priscilla P L Chiu, Jacob C Langer
BACKGROUND/AIM: The optimal management of prenatally diagnosed asymptomatic congenital pulmonary airway malformations (CPAM) is controversial. Since there is a paucity of data relating to surgical risks in this specific population, we reviewed our experience to further inform this controversy. METHODS: Ethically approved 10 year (2004-2013) retrospective review. Patients were included only if the CPAM was diagnosed prenatally and remained asymptomatic. Indication for surgery was physician recommendation and/or parental choice...
May 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
Xiaohui Li, Xiaoyang Yu, Andriy Cheypesh, Jia Li
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) provides temporary life-saving support for pediatric patients with severe cardiac failure, but causes metabolic disturbances and altered nutritional requirements. However, few studies have addressed the optimal energy supply to meet the demand of these children, largely due to technical difficulties with their invasive nature. We have adapted respiratory mass spectrometry to continuously measure O2 consumption and CO2 production in the gas exchange across the ECMO oxygenator, as well as that across the ventilator...
September 2015: Artificial Organs
Daniel L Lodwick, Peter C Minneci, Katherine J Deans
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: At present, there is a debate as to the management of malrotation in pediatric patients. This review highlights recent literature including the role of laparoscopy, and the management of asymptomatic patients with and without congenital cardiac disease. RECENT FINDINGS: Symptomatic patients are still recommended to undergo open Ladd's procedure. Laparoscopic Ladd's procedure in asymptomatic patients confers a shorter time to tolerating feeds, shorter length of stay, and a decreased rate of bowel obstruction and other complications...
June 2015: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
Go Miyano, Masaya Yamoto, Masakatsu Kaneshiro, Hiromu Miyake, Keiichi Morita, Hiroshi Nouso, Mariko Koyama, Manabu Okawada, Takashi Doi, Hiroyuki Koga, Koji Fukumoto, Geoffrey J Lane, Atsuyuki Yamataka, Naoto Urushihara
AIM: To determine the best way to perform diaphragmatic plication for diaphragmatic eventration (DE) using minimally invasive surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of pediatric cases of DE treated between 2007 and 2012. Thoracoscopic plication (TP) is performed using single-lung ventilation with three 5-mm ports; laparoscopic plication (LP) is performed using three or four 5-mm ports. The choice of technique was determined preferentially by the treating surgeon...
April 2015: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Dominique Mylod
Breast milk represents optimum infant nutrition. The World Health Organization's recommendation that babies should be exclusively breastfed for a minimum of 6 months (Kramer & Kakuma, 2001) remains unchanged in its second decade (Kramer & Kakuma, 2014), which is acknowledged in industrialized countries by successive policies and guidelines for the promotion and care of breastfeeding in children's wards and departments. The known protective influence of breast milk in preventing the onset of disease in later life is of particular import for any sick infant, but the user voice as represented by Helen Calvert's Twitter campaign @heartmummy#hospitalbreastfeeding has united service user and professional voices to call for improved breastfeeding support in pediatric care...
June 2015: Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing
Mamoru Kadosaki
There is an increasing demand for anesthesiologists to work outside the operating room in order to provide general anesthesia or monitored sedation for a variety of medical investigations or procedures in infants and children. The concept that treatment should be a pain- and stress-free experience is now well accepted, and this has placed additional responsibilities on anesthesiologists. We describe pediatric anesthesia and monitored sedation for diagnostic medical procedures. Children requiring a painful procedure and prolonged examination should be provided with optimal sedation and analgesia...
August 2014: Rinsho Byori. the Japanese Journal of Clinical Pathology
Alejandro A Floh, Masayuki Nakada, Gustavo La Rotta, Kandice Mah, Joann E Herridge, Glen Van Arsdell, Steven M Schwartz
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between cardiopulmonary bypass-related systemic inflammation and resting energy expenditure in pediatric subjects following cardiac surgery. DESIGN: Single-center, prospective cohort study. SETTING: Pediatric cardiac critical care unit in Toronto, Canada. PATIENTS: Children with congenital heart disease undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass surgery. INTERVENTIONS: Resting energy expenditure was determined by indirect calorimetry and the modified Weir equation, using VO2 and VCO2 measured by in-line respiratory mass spectrometry...
May 2015: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Murat Yigiter, Abdullah Yildiz, Binali Firinci, Onur Yalcin, Akgun Oral, Ahmet Bedii Salman
OBJECTIVE: Annular pancreas is an uncommon cause of duodenal obstruction in children. In this study, the clinical, radiological, and prognostic findings related to this disorder over a 12-year review period were analyzed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of 22 patients with annular pancreas who were treated with surgical repair between April 1998 and February 2010 was performed at two different pediatric surgical units. Presenting symptoms, associated anomalies, radiological findings, the type of surgery performed, postoperative outcomes, and complications were analyzed...
December 2010: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
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