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Pediatric cardiac feeding

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29858197/supporting-optimal-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-in-infants-and-children-with-congenital-heart-disease
#1
Jennifer K Peterson
Improved survival has led to increased recognition of developmental delays in infants and children with congenital heart disease. Risk factors for developmental delays in congenital heart disease survivors may not be modifiable; therefore, it is important that lifesaving, high-technology critical care interventions be combined with nursing interventions that are also developmentally supportive. Implementing developmental care in a pediatric cardiac intensive care unit requires change implementation strategies and widespread support from all levels of health care professionals...
June 2018: Critical Care Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29794709/lymphovenous-anastomosis-for-the-treatment-of-chylothorax-in-infants-a-novel-microsurgical-approach-to-a-devastating-problem
#2
Jason M Weissler, Eugenia H Cho, Peter F Koltz, Martin J Carney, Maxim Itkin, Pablo Laje, L Scott Levin, Yoav Dori, Suhail K Kanchwala, Stephen J Kovach
With the expanding horizon of microsurgical techniques, novel treatment strategies for lymphatic abnormalities are increasingly reported. Described in this article is the first reported use of lymphovenous anastomosis surgery to manage recalcitrant chylothoraces in infants. Chylothorax is an increasingly common postoperative complication after pediatric cardiac surgery, with a reported incidence of up to 9.2 percent in infants. Although conservative nutritional therapy has a reported 70 percent success rate in this patient population, failed conservative management leading to persistent chylothorax is associated with a significant risk of multisystem complications and mortality...
June 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779802/feasibility-of-initiating-early-enteral-nutrition-after-congenital-heart-surgery-in-neonates-and-infants
#3
Rajat Kalra, Rohit Vohra, Malti Negi, Reena Joshi, Neeraj Aggarwal, Mridul Aggarwal, Raja Joshi
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of initiating enteral nutrition support with first 24 h of congenital heart repairs in neonates and Infants and its impact on outcomes following surgery. DESIGN: It is a prospective randomized control single blind study. SETTING: It is a single centre prospective study carried out in a tertiary care centre at Pediatric cardiac intensive care unit. PATIENTS: All patients with the cyanotic congenital heart disease with increase pulmonary blood flow, weighing less than 5 kg and undergoing congenital heart repair during the study period were included in the study...
June 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692230/nutrition-considerations-in-the-pediatric-cardiac-intensive-care-unit-patient
#4
Lindsey Justice, Jason R Buckley, Alejandro Floh, Megan Horsley, Jeffrey Alten, Vijay Anand, Steven M Schwartz
Adequate caloric intake plays a vital role in the course of illness and the recovery of critically ill patients. Nutritional status and nutrient delivery during critical illness have been linked to clinical outcomes such as mortality, incidence of infection, and length of stay. However, feeding practices with critically ill pediatric patients after cardiac surgery are variable. The Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Society sought to provide an expert review on provision of nutrition to pediatric cardiac intensive care patients, including caloric requirements, practical considerations for providing nutrition, safety of enteral nutrition in controversial populations, feeding considerations with chylothorax, and the benefits of feeding beyond nutrition...
May 2018: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406940/heart-disease-in-children
#5
REVIEW
Richard U Garcia, Stacie B Peddy
The pediatric cardiology field has developed rapidly over the past few decades. More children than ever born with congenital heart disease (CHD) are growing into adulthood. Primary care providers play a key role in diagnosis, management, and referral of children with CHD because many common cardiac complaints (eg, feeding intolerance, cyanosis, chest pain, palpitations, and syncope) are first addressed in the primary care setting. The spectrum of heart disease in children ranges from common complaints to complex single-ventricle physiology, acute myocarditis, and heart transplantation...
March 2018: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310561/endotoxin-activity-in-neonates-undergoing-cardiac-surgery-cohort-study
#6
Zaccaria Ricci, Simona Benegni, Cristiana Garisto, Isabella Favia, Roberta Haiberger, Luca Di Chiara
BACKGROUND: Endotoxemia in pediatric cardiac surgical patients is poorly understood. The endotoxin activity assay (EAA) levels were examined in neonates undergoing cardiac surgery in order to assess their reference levels and their association with other pre-, intra-, and postoperative risk factors for gut hypoperfusion. We finally observed if refeeding was associated with modification of endotoxin levels. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study, neonates undergoing surgery for correction or palliation were enrolled...
January 2018: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261527/preoperative-evaluation-is-not-predictive-of-transpyloric-feeding-conversion-in-gastrostomy-dependent-pediatric-patients
#7
Maireade McSweeney, Jessica Kerr, Janine Amirault, Eliza Fishman, Margot Lurie, Maria I Peinado-Fabregat, Paul D Mitchell, Rachel Rosen
OBJECTIVES: Limited literature exists as to whether preoperative gastrostomy (GT)evaluation may predict which patients will go onto require gastrojejunostomy tube (GJ) feeding. The goal of this study was to compare the preoperative evaluations between patients maintained on GT feeds versus patients who required conversion to GJ feeds. METHODS: We identified patients at Boston Children's Hospital who underwent GT placement and required GJ feeding between 2006-2012...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206731/enteral-feeding-practices-in-infants-with-congenital-heart-disease-across-european-picus-a-european-society-of-pediatric-and-neonatal-intensive-care-survey
#8
Lyvonne N Tume, Reinis Balmaks, Eduardo da Cruz, Lynne Latten, Sascha Verbruggen, Frédéric V Valla
OBJECTIVES: To describe enteral feeding practices in pre and postoperative infants with congenital heart disease in European PICUs. DESIGN: Cross-sectional electronic survey. SETTING: European PICUs that admit infants with congenital heart disease pre- and postoperatively. PARTICIPANTS: One senior PICU physician or designated person per unit. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Fifty-nine PICUs from 18 European countries responded to the survey...
February 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148123/donohue-syndrome-a-review-of-literature-case-series-and-anesthetic-considerations
#9
REVIEW
Alana Kirkwood, Grant Stuart, Louise Harding
BACKGROUND: Donohue syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of insulin resistance, causing a functional defect in insulin receptor function, and affecting the ability of the insulin to bind the receptor. Features include severe hyperinsulinism and fasting hypoglycemia, along with severe failure to thrive despite feeding. An accelerated fasting state results in muscle wasting, decreased subcutaneous fat, and an excess of thick skin. A reduced thoracic diameter is accentuated by increased abdominal distension, which impacts on respiratory reserve...
January 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977299/saccharomyces-cerevisiae-fungemia-in-a-pediatric-patient-after-treatment-with-probiotics
#10
Mariá Ribas Romanio, Ligia Augusto Coraine, Vinicius Pignoti Maielo, Marcelo Luiz Abramczyc, Renato Lopes de Souza, Nilton Ferraro Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: To report the case of a one-year-old patient with a bloodstream infection associated with probiotics, and to discuss the indications and precautions concerning the therapeutic use of probiotics. CASE DESCRIPTION: A one-year-old male patient with Down syndrome in a late postoperative period of congenital cardiac disease correction. The patient was severely malnourished and had been hospitalized since he was two months old in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit...
July 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659014/optimizing-nutrition-in-pediatric-heart-failure-the-crisis-is-over-and-now-it-s-time-to-feed
#11
REVIEW
Kylie D Lewis, Jennifer Conway, Chentel Cunningham, Bodil M K Larsen
Pediatric heart failure is a complex disease occurring when cardiac output is unable to meet the metabolic demands of the body. With improved surgical interventions and medical therapies, survival rates have improved, and care has shifted from focusing on survival to optimizing quality of life and health outcomes. Based on current literature, this review addresses the nutrition needs of infants and children in heart failure and describes the pathophysiology and metabolic implications of this disease. The prevalence of wasting in pediatric heart failure has been reported to be as high as 86%, highlighting the importance of nutrition assessment through all stages of treatment to provide appropriate intake of energy, protein, and micronutrients...
June 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549684/primary-laparoscopic-gastrojejunostomy-tubes-as-a-feeding-modality-in-the-pediatric-population
#12
REVIEW
Chinwendu Onwubiko, Brent R Weil, Sigrid Bairdain, Amber M Hall, Julia M Perkins, Hariharan Thangarajah, Maireade E McSweeney, C Jason Smithers
PURPOSE: Outcomes associated with primary laparoscopic gastrojejunal (GJ) tube placement in the pediatric population were evaluated. METHODS: A single-institution, retrospective review examined patients undergoing laparoscopic GJ tube placement between June 2011 and December 2014. Outcomes included gastric feeding tolerance, subsequent fundoplication, complications, and mortality. RESULTS: Ninety laparoscopic GJ tubes were placed. Median follow-up was 342days (interquartile range [IQR]=141-561days)...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109495/swallowing-function-in-pediatric-patients-with-bilateral-vocal-fold-immobility
#13
Jeffrey Hsu, Kathleen M Tibbetts, Derek Wu, Michel Nassar, Melin Tan
INTRODUCTION: Infants with bilateral vocal fold immobility (BVFI) often have poor swallow function in addition to potential airway compromise. While there are several reports on BVFI and its effect on patients' airway status, little is known about long term swallow function. OBJECTIVES: We aim to characterize the swallowing function over time in pediatric patients with bilateral vocal fold immobility. METHODS: A retrospective review of medical records of infants diagnosed with BVFI at a tertiary care children's hospital between 2005 and 2014 was conducted...
February 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27410425/perioperative-feeding-approaches-in-single-ventricle-infants-a-survey-of-46-centers
#14
MULTICENTER STUDY
Julie Slicker, Sharon Sables-Baus, Linda M Lambert, Laura E Peterson, Frances K Woodard, Elena C Ocampo
Background Feeding dysfunction occurs commonly in infants with single ventricle heart disease and impacts growth and long-term outcomes. Little evidence exists to guide safe feeding in this population. This study surveyed centers participating in the National Pediatric Cardiology Quality Improvement Collaborative to assess prevailing feeding practices amongthose caring for single ventricle neonates. Methods Web-based survey of 56 pediatric cardiac surgical centers was conducted. Questions addressed peri-operative feeding approaches and responses were presented and analyzed descriptively...
December 2016: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27373700/parent-readiness-for-discharge-from-a-tertiary-care-pediatric-cardiology-unit
#15
Michelle Schuh, Sheena Schendel, Sunjidatul Islam, Keltie Klassen, Lisa Morrison, Kathryn N Rankin, Cheri Robert, Andrew S Mackie
PURPOSE: This study aimed to measure parents' readiness for discharge from a pediatric cardiology/cardiac surgical inpatient unit. DESIGN AND METHODS: An observational study was conducted at a single tertiary care pediatric cardiac surgical program; parents received teaching from a discharge coordinator, bedside nurse, and, if needed, dietician and pharmacist. We surveyed parents/guardians on the day of discharge and 2 weeks later. RESULTS: We enrolled 181 participants, 53% with children <12 months of age...
July 2016: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27365902/pediatric-esophageal-substitution-by-gastric-pull-up-and-gastric-tube
#16
Subhasis Roy Choudhury, Partap Singh Yadav, Niyaz Ahmed Khan, Shalu Shah, Pinaki Ranjan Debnath, Virendra Kumar, Rajiv Chadha
AIM: The aim of this study was to report the results of pediatric esophageal substitution by gastric pull-up (GPU) and gastric tube (GT) from a tertiary care pediatric center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of the surgical techniques, results, complications, and final outcome of all pediatric patients who underwent esophageal substitution in a single institution was performed. RESULTS: Twenty-four esophageal substitutions were performed over 15-year period...
July 2016: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27109981/ten-year-experience-with-bowel-transplantation-at-seoul-st-mary-s-hospital
#17
H K Chang, S Y Kim, J I Kim, S I Kim, J K Whang, J Y Choi, J M Park, E S Jung, S E Rha, D G Kim, I S Moon, M D Lee
A retrospective review of intestinal transplantation (ITx) at Seoul St. Mary's Hospital was made by collecting clinical data over the past 10 years. Fifteen consecutive cases from 2004 were analyzed. Five children and 10 adults (6 months to 69 years of age) were included. Primary diseases in adults included 4 mesenteric vessel thromboses, 2 strangulations, and 1 each of visceral myopathy, malignant gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), mesenteric lymphangiectasis, and injury. Pediatric cases involved 2 Hirschsprung disease, 2 visceral myopathy, and 1 necrotizing enterocolitis...
March 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27029882/-molecular-biology-as-a-diagnostic-tool-in-the-newborn-emergency-department-a-rare-case-of-idiopathic-infantile-arterial-calcification
#18
Andrea Borromini, Giorgio Rossi, Paola Maggi, Daniele Speciale, Gianpaolo Mirri, Anna Cogliardi, Claudia Addis, Emanuele Dainese, Emanuela Bonoldi, Alessandro Marando
A Turkish female infant of 96 days was admitted to the pediatric emergency room because of inconsolable crying, persistent cough, and difficulty in feeding during the previous day. She was conscious and did not show any signs or symptoms of multiorgan failure. A few minutes afterwards, the child experienced cardiac arrest with an initial cardiac rhythm of asystole and died 75 minutes later following cardiopulmonary resuscitation maneuvers. As the pathological cause of death, autopsy findings revealed a rare type of idiopathic infantile arterial calcification resulting from a mutation in the gene encoding for the ENPP1 enzyme...
March 2016: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26675610/perioperative-feeding-management-of-neonates-with-chd-analysis-of-the-pediatric-cardiac-critical-care-consortium-pc4-registry
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Jeffrey A Alten, Leslie A Rhodes, Sarah Tabbutt, David S Cooper, Eric M Graham, Nancy Ghanayem, Bradley S Marino, Mayte I Figueroa, Nikhil K Chanani, Jeffrey P Jacobs, Janet E Donohue, Sunkyung Yu, Michael Gaies
UNLABELLED: Introduction The optimal perioperative feeding strategies for neonates with CHD are unknown. In the present study, we describe the current feeding practices across a multi-institutional cohort. METHODS: Inclusion criteria for this study were as follows: all neonates undergoing cardiac surgery admitted to the cardiac ICU for ⩾24 hours preoperatively between October, 2013 and July, 2014 in the Pediatric Cardiac Critical Care Consortium registry. RESULTS: The cohort included 251 patients from eight centres...
December 2015: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26651431/gastrostomy-tube-feeding-after-neonatal-complex-cardiac-surgery-identifies-the-need-for-early-developmental-intervention
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
M Florencia Ricci, Gwen Y Alton, David B Ross, Bryan J Dicken, Diane M Moddemann, Charlene M T Robertson
OBJECTIVE: To compare the proportion of developmental delay in early complex cardiac surgery (CCS) survivors with and without gastrostomy tube feeding (GTF). To explore acute care predictors of GTF that might help improve care in CCS survivors. STUDY GROUP: This comparison study of 2 groups within an inception cohort included 334 CCS survivors after cardiopulmonary bypass at ≤6 weeks of age (2005-2012) who did not require extracorporeal membrane oxygenation or heart transplantation...
February 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
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