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ecological momentary assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339973/day-to-day-variability-in-self-reported-cigarettes-per-day
#1
John R Hughes, Saul Shiffman, Shelly Naud, Erica N Peters
Background and Aims: Nicotine addiction theory predicts small day to day variability in cigarettes/day (CPD) whereas social learning theory predicts large variability. A description of the variability in CPD over multiple days is not available. Methods: We conducted secondary analyses of two natural history studies with daily smokers - one of smokers not intending to quit, and one of smokers intending to quit sometime in the next 3 months. In the former, smokers recorded their smoking during the day by Ecological Momentary Assessment, using a palm-top computer...
March 4, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331323/bipolar-disorder-recurrence-prevention-using-self-monitoring-daily-mood-charts-case-reports-from-a-5-year-period
#2
Norio Yasui-Furukori, Kazuhiko Nakamura
Mood symptoms in bipolar disorders are significantly related to psychosocial events, and the personalized identification of symptom triggers is important. Ecological momentary assessments have been used in paper-and-pencil form to explore emotional reactivity to daily life stress in patients with bipolar disorder. However, there are few data on long-term recurrence prevention effects using ecological momentary assessments. Subjects were three outpatients with bipolar disorder who had a history of at least one admission...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329860/modeling-intraindividual-dynamics-using-stochastic-differential-equations-age-differences-in-affect-regulation
#3
Julie Wood, Zita Oravecz, Nina Vogel, Lizbeth Benson, Sy-Miin Chow, Pamela Cole, David E Conroy, Aaron L Pincus, Nilam Ram
Objectives: Life-span theories of aging suggest improvements and decrements in individuals' ability to regulate affect. Dynamic process models, with intensive longitudinal data, provide new opportunities to articulate specific theories about individual differences in intraindividual dynamics. This paper illustrates a method for operationalizing affect dynamics using a multilevel stochastic differential equation (SDE) model, and examines how those dynamics differ with age and trait-level tendencies to deploy emotion regulation strategies (reappraisal and suppression)...
March 2, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323457/n-of-1-study-of-weight-loss-maintenance-assessing-predictors-of-physical-activity-adherence-to-weight-loss-plan-and-weight-change
#4
Dominika Kwasnicka, Stephan U Dombrowski, Martin White, Falko F Sniehotta
OBJECTIVE: Behaviour change interventions are effective in supporting individuals to achieve clinically significant weight loss, but weight loss maintenance (WLM) is less often attained. This study examined predictive variables associated with WLM. DESIGN: N-of-1 study with daily ecological momentary assessment combined with objective measurement of weight and physical activity, collected with wireless devices (Fitbit™) for six months. Eight previously obese adults who had lost over 5% of their body weight in the past year took part...
March 21, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322476/optimizing-exposure-based-cbt-for-anxiety-disorders-via-enhanced-extinction-design-and-methods-of-a-multicentre-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
Ingmar Heinig, Andre Pittig, Jan Richter, Katrin Hummel, Isabel Alt, Kristina Dickhöver, Jennifer Gamer, Maike Hollandt, Katja Koelkebeck, Anne Maenz, Sophia Tennie, Christina Totzeck, Yunbo Yang, Volker Arolt, Jürgen Deckert, Katharina Domschke, Thomas Fydrich, Alfons Hamm, Jürgen Hoyer, Tilo Kircher, Ulrike Lueken, Jürgen Margraf, Peter Neudeck, Paul Pauli, Winfried Rief, Silvia Schneider, Benjamin Straube, Andreas Ströhle, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen
Exposure-based psychological interventions currently represent the empirically best established first line form of cognitive-behavioural therapy for all types of anxiety disorders. Although shown to be highly effective in both randomized clinical and other studies, there are important deficits: (1) the core mechanisms of action are still under debate, (2) it is not known whether such treatments work equally well in all forms of anxiety disorders, including comorbid diagnoses like depression, (3) it is not known whether an intensified treatment with more frequent sessions in a shorter period of time provides better outcome than distributed sessions over longer time intervals...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315417/higher-bmi-is-associated-with-stronger-effects-of-social-cues-on-everyday-snacking-behaviour
#6
Benjamin Schüz, Sarah Revell, Andrew P Hills, Natalie Schüz, Stuart G Ferguson
Discretionary food choices (snacks) contribute up to a third of the daily energy intake and potentially contribute to energy imbalance and weight gain. Individual snack intake behaviour is guided by internal and external cues, with social cues (seeing others eat, being alone) consistently showing large effects. A wide body of (mainly laboratory-based) research suggests marked differences in people's response to eating cues based on BMI. Here, we show that these BMI differences in cue responsiveness also pertain to everyday snacking behaviour...
March 15, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298264/ecological-momentary-assessment-in-behavioral-research-addressing-technological-and-human-participant-challenges
#7
Lora E Burke, Saul Shiffman, Edvin Music, Mindi A Styn, Andrea Kriska, Asim Smailagic, Daniel Siewiorek, Linda J Ewing, Eileen Chasens, Brian French, Juliet Mancino, Dara Mendez, Patrick Strollo, Stephen L Rathbun
BACKGROUND: Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) assesses individuals' current experiences, behaviors, and moods as they occur in real time and in their natural environment. EMA studies, particularly those of longer duration, are complex and require an infrastructure to support the data flow and monitoring of EMA completion. OBJECTIVE: Our objective is to provide a practical guide to developing and implementing an EMA study, with a focus on the methods and logistics of conducting such a study...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290065/does-stress-result-in-you-exercising-less-or-does-exercising-result-in-you-being-less-stressed-or-is-it-both-testing-the-bi-directional-stress-exercise-association-at-the-group-and-person-n-of-1-level
#8
Matthew M Burg, Joseph E Schwartz, Ian M Kronish, Keith M Diaz, Carmela Alcantara, Joan Duer-Hefele, Karina W Davidson
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial stress contributes to heart disease in part by adversely affecting maintenance of health behaviors, while exercise can reduce stress. Assessing the bi-directional relationship between stress and exercise has been limited by lack of real-time data and theoretical and statistical models. This lack may hinder efforts to promote exercise maintenance. PURPOSE: We test the bi-directional relationship between stress and exercise using real-time data for the average person and the variability-individual differences-in this relationship...
March 13, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287367/the-effects-of-contingency-contracts-and-performance-feedback-on-completing-data-entries-to-self-monitor-community-participation-of-people-with-physical-disabilities-an-ecological-momentary-study
#9
Chiaki Gonda-Kotani, Glen W White
This article examines the use of ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to analyze the effect of contingent contracts and performance feedback in completing data entries to self-monitor community participation of people with mobility-related disabilities. Two participants with mobility-related disabilities were assigned to self-monitor their community participation activities using a personal digital assistant (PDA), which had been preprogrammed to signal four times a day throughout the entire study. At each prompt, participants were asked to complete a brief survey on a PDA...
April 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286490/multilevel-models-for-intensive-longitudinal-data-with-heterogeneous-autoregressive-errors-the-effect-of-misspecification-and-correction-with-cholesky-transformation
#10
Seungmin Jahng, Phillip K Wood
Intensive longitudinal studies, such as ecological momentary assessment studies using electronic diaries, are gaining popularity across many areas of psychology. Multilevel models (MLMs) are most widely used analytical tools for intensive longitudinal data (ILD). Although ILD often have individually distinct patterns of serial correlation of measures over time, inferences of the fixed effects, and random components in MLMs are made under the assumption that all variance and autocovariance components are homogenous across individuals...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281136/ecological-momentary-assessment-of-dietary-lapses-across-behavioral-weight-loss-treatment-characteristics-predictors-and-relationships-with-weight-change
#11
Evan M Forman, Leah M Schumacher, Ross Crosby, Stephanie M Manasse, Stephanie P Goldstein, Meghan L Butryn, Emily P Wyckoff, J Graham Thomas
BACKGROUND: Adherence to dietary prescriptions is critical for successful weight loss and weight loss maintenance. However, research on specific instances of inadherence (lapses) is limited, and findings regarding the frequency, nature, and causes of lapses are mixed. Additionally, no studies have examined lapses over the course of a weight loss program. PURPOSE: In the context of a reduced calorie diet prescribed as part of a behavioral treatment, we aimed to characterize lapse occurrence, examine lapse frequency across treatment, examine predictors of lapses, and assess the relationship between lapses and weight loss...
March 9, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281106/tracking-daily-fatigue-fluctuations-in-multiple-sclerosis-ecological-momentary-assessment-provides-unique-insights
#12
Daniel J H Powell, Christina Liossi, Wolff Schlotz, Rona Moss-Morris
Studies investigating the prevalence, cause, and consequence of multiple sclerosis (MS) fatigue typically use single measures that implicitly assume symptom-stability over time, neglecting information about if, when, and why severity fluctuates. We aimed to examine the extent of moment-to-moment and day-to-day variability in fatigue in relapsing-remitting MS and healthy individuals, and identify daily life determinants of fluctuations. Over 4 weekdays, 76 participants (38 relapsing-remitting MS; 38 controls) recruited from multiple sites provided real-time self-reports six times daily (n = 1661 observations analyzed) measuring fatigue severity, stressors, mood, and physical exertion, and daily self-reports of sleep quality...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277707/family-assessment-device-real-world-validity-in-urban-families-of-children-with-asthma
#13
Gillian G Leibach, Robin S Everhart
Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) was used to further validate the real-world predictability of the Family Assessment Device (FAD) among low income, racial and ethnic minority, urban families of children (7-12 years) with asthma. Caregivers completed self-report measures at baseline, as well as daily assessments of family functioning for 2 weeks through EMA delivered via smartphone. Concurrent validity was established with measures of caregiver perceived stress and positive and negative affect at baseline...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276176/user-profiles-of-an-electronic-mental-health-tool-for-ecological-momentary-assessment-memind
#14
María Luisa Barrigón, Sofian Berrouiguet, Juan José Carballo, Covadonga Bonal-Giménez, Pablo Fernández-Navarro, Bernadette Pfang, David Delgado-Gómez, Philippe Courtet, Fuensanta Aroca, Jorge Lopez-Castroman, Antonio Artés-Rodríguez, Enrique Baca-García
Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) is gaining importance in psychiatry. This article assesses the characteristics of patients who used a new electronic EMA tool: the MEmind Wellness Tracker. Over one year, 13811 adult outpatients in our Psychiatry Department were asked to use MEmind. We collected information about socio-demographic data, psychiatric diagnoses, illness severity, stressful life events and suicidal thoughts/behavior. We compared active users (N = 2838) and non-active users (N = 10,973) of MEmind and performed a Random Forest analysis to assess which variables could predict its use...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259033/an-ecological-momentary-assessment-investigation-of-complex-and-conflicting-emotions-in-youth-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#15
Holly E Andrewes, Carol Hulbert, Susan M Cotton, Jennifer Betts, Andrew M Chanen
Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a prevalent behaviour among people with borderline personality disorder (BPD) but many aspects of the emotional changes that trigger and maintain this behaviour are unknown. This study examines the relationships between NSSI and the number of negative ('negative complex') and opposing valence ('conflicting') emotions. One hundred and seven youth (aged 15-25 years) with first-presentation BPD were assessed using a combination of self-report and ecological momentary assessment to investigate trait levels of emotional acceptance and in vivo changes in the number of negative complex and conflicting emotions before and after self-injurious thoughts and behaviours...
February 27, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257980/the-affect-stabilization-function-of-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-borderline-personality-disorder-an-ecological-momentary-assessment-study
#16
Kristof Vansteelandt, Marlies Houben, Laurence Claes, Ann Berens, Ellen Sleuwaegen, Pascal Sienaert, Peter Kuppens
Nonsuicidal Self-Injury (NSSI) is prominent in individuals with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD), and there is abundant evidence that affect regulation plays an important role in NSSI in the majority of patients. Affective variability is a core feature of BPD, and thus, we hypothesize that NSSI has an affect stabilization function in BPD. Affect stabilization is a process through which individuals attempt to make their affect more stable by reducing affective variability. We tested this hypothesis in 32 participants with BPD who reported on their NSSI and affect -using a displeasure-pleasure (valence) and activation-deactivation (activation) dimension- in an experience sampling study with 10 random signals scheduled per day for 8 days...
February 21, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251591/impulsivity-and-cluster-b-personality-disorders
#17
REVIEW
Daniel Turner, Alexandra Sebastian, Oliver Tüscher
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Impulsivity is a multifaceted construct and an important personality trait in various mental health conditions. Among personality disorders (PDs), especially cluster B PDs are affected. The aims of this review are to summarize the relevant findings of the past 3 years concerning impulsivity in cluster B PDs and to identify those subcomponents of self-reported impulsivity and experimentally measured impulse control that are most affected in these disorders. RECENT FINDINGS: All studies referred to antisocial (ASPD) or borderline PD (BPD), and none were found for narcissistic or histrionic PD...
March 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249745/food-cravings-in-everyday-life-an-ema-study-on-snack-related-thoughts-cravings-and-consumption
#18
Anna Richard, Adrian Meule, Julia Reichenberger, Jens Blechert
Food craving refers to an intense desire to consume a specific food and is regularly experienced by the majority of individuals. Yet, there are interindividual differences in the frequency and intensity of food craving experiences, which is often referred to as trait food craving. The characteristics and consequences of trait and state food craving have mainly been investigated in questionnaire-based and laboratory studies, which may not reflect individuals' behavior in daily life. In the present study, sixty-one participants completed the Food Cravings Questionnaire-Trait-reduced (FCQ-T-r) as measure of trait food craving, followed by seven days of Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA), during which they reported snack-related thoughts, craving intensity, and snack consumption at five times per day...
February 27, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237053/race-ethnicity-education-and-age-are-associated-with-engagement-in-ecological-momentary-assessment-text-messaging-among-substance-using-msm-in-san-francisco
#19
Caitlin M Turner, Phillip Coffin, Deirdre Santos, Shannon Huffaker, Tim Matheson, Jason Euren, Anna DeMartini, Chris Rowe, Steven Batki, Glenn-Milo Santos
BACKGROUND: Ecological momentary assessments (EMA) are data collection approaches that characterize behaviors in real-time. However, EMA is underutilized in alcohol and substance use research among men who have sex with men (MSM). The aim of this analysis is to explore the correlates of engagement in EMA text messages among substance-using MSM in San Francisco. METHODS: The present analysis uses data collected from the Project iN pilot study (n=30). Over a two-month period, participants received and responded to EMA daily text messages inquiring about their study medication, alcohol, and methamphetamine use...
April 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231480/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-post-hospitalization-ecological-momentary-assessment-in-patients-with-psychotic-spectrum-disorders
#20
Ethan Moitra, Brandon A Gaudiano, Carter H Davis, Dror Ben-Zeev
BACKGROUND: Up to 50% of patients with psychotic-spectrum disorders are medication nonadherent. The use of real-time assessment via ecological momentary assessment (EMA) on mobile devices might offer important insights into adherence behaviors that cannot be measured in the clinic. However, existing EMA studies have only studied acutely ill patients during hospitalization or more stable patients in the community. METHODS: Feasibility and acceptability of EMA in 65 patients with psychotic-spectrum disorders who were recently discharged from the hospital were assessed...
April 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
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