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ecological momentary assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231480/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-post-hospitalization-ecological-momentary-assessment-in-patients-with-psychotic-spectrum-disorders
#1
Ethan Moitra, Brandon A Gaudiano, Carter H Davis, Dror Ben-Zeev
BACKGROUND: Up to 50% of patients with psychotic-spectrum disorders are medication nonadherent. The use of real-time assessment via ecological momentary assessment (EMA) on mobile devices might offer important insights into adherence behaviors that cannot be measured in the clinic. However, existing EMA studies have only studied acutely ill patients during hospitalization or more stable patients in the community. METHODS: Feasibility and acceptability of EMA in 65 patients with psychotic-spectrum disorders who were recently discharged from the hospital were assessed...
February 7, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186934/protocol-for-the-mindful-student-study-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-the-provision-of-a-mindfulness-intervention-to-support-university-students-well-being-and-resilience-to-stress
#2
Julieta Galante, Geraldine Dufour, Alice Benton, Emma Howarth, Maris Vainre, Timothy J Croudace, Adam P Wagner, Jan Stochl, Peter B Jones
INTRODUCTION: Levels of stress in UK university students are high, with an increase in the proportion of students seeking help in recent years. Academic pressure is reported as a major trigger. Mindfulness training has been shown to reduce stress and is popular among students, but its effectiveness in this context needs to be ascertained. In this pragmatic randomised controlled trial, we hypothesise that the provision of a preventative mindfulness intervention in universities could reduce students' psychological distress during the examination period (primary outcome), improve their resilience to stress up to at least 1 year later, reduce their use of mental health support services and improve academic performance...
November 9, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162577/-121-self-report-ecological-momentary-assessment-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia-to-examine-temporal-relationships-between-pain-with-mood-fatigue-and-sleep
#3
E Iacob, G Donaldson, A Neikrug, Y Nakamura, A Okifuji
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161142/factors-associated-with-using-opiates-while-under-extended-release-naltrexone-blockade-a-descriptive-pilot-study
#4
Brantley P Jarvis, Anthony DeFulio, Lauren Long, August F Holtyn, Annie Umbricht, Michael Fingerhood, George E Bigelow, Kenneth Silverman
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Extended-release naltrexone (XR-NTX) blocks the effects of opioids for 4weeks, yet many patients continue to use them. To learn more about why this occurs, we collected self-reports on subjective effects and drug use factors from participants' most recent heroin/opiate use while under XR-NTX blockade. METHODS: Participants (n=38) were unemployed, heroin-dependent adults enrolled in a randomized controlled trial evaluating employment-based incentives to promote adherence to XR-NTX...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158239/let-them-eat-fruit-the-effect-of-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-on-psychological-well-being-in-young-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Tamlin S Conner, Kate L Brookie, Anitra C Carr, Louise A Mainvil, Margreet C M Vissers
: This study tested the psychological benefits of a 14-day preregistered clinical intervention to increase fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption in 171 low-FV-consuming young adults (67% female, aged 18-25). Participants were randomly assigned into a diet-as-usual control condition, an ecological momentary intervention (EMI) condition involving text message reminders to increase their FV consumption plus a voucher to purchase FV, or a fruit and vegetable intervention (FVI) condition in which participants were given two additional daily servings of fresh FV to consume on top of their normal diet...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155108/momentary-assessment-of-physical-activity-intention-behavior-coupling-in-adults
#6
Jaclyn P Maher, Ryan E Rhodes, Eldin Dzubur, Jimi Huh, Stephen Intille, Genevieve F Dunton
Research attempting to elucidate physical activity (PA) intention-behavior relations has focused on differences in long-term behavior forecasting between people. However, regular PA requires a repeated performance on a daily or within-daily basis. An empirical case study application is presented using intensive longitudinal data from a study of PA in adults to (a) describe the extent to which short-term intention-behavior coupling occurs and (b) explore time-varying predictors of intention formation and short-term intention-behavior coupling...
February 2, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155031/-i-got-it-off-my-chest-an-examination-of-how-research-participation-improved-the-mental-health-of-women-engaging-in-transactional-sex
#7
Marisa Felsher, Sarah E Wiehe, Jayleen K L Gunn, Alexis M Roth
Ecologic momentary assessment (EMA) is a form of close-ended diary writing. While it has been shown that participating in a study that incorporates EMA improves mental health of participants, no study to date has examined the pathways through which benefits may occur. For 4-weeks, twice-daily EMAs and weekly interviews captured mood, daily activities and HIV risk behavior of 25 women who engage in transactional sex. Qualitative analysis of exit interviews was performed to examine how participation impacted women's mental health...
February 2, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153816/feasibility-of-ecological-momentary-assessment-of-daily-sexting-and-substance-use-among-young-adult-african-american-gay-and-bisexual-men-a-pilot-study
#8
Sabrina L Smiley, Hoda Elmasry, Monica Webb Hooper, Raymond S Niaura, Alison B Hamilton, Norweeta G Milburn
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence suggests that sexualized text communication ("sexting") is associated with substance use and sexual risk behaviors among young adults, yet little is known about this relationship among young adult African American gay and bisexual men, a population disproportionately impacted by HIV in the United States. Rapid advances in mobile phone technology indicate a clear need for research using mobile health (mHealth) methods such as ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to serve as a viable counterpart to retrospective evaluation methods by using real-time data collection to assess sexting and substance use among this population...
February 2, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131964/contextual-factors-associated-with-eating-in-the-absence-of-hunger-among-adults-with-obesity
#9
Andrea B Goldschmidt, Ross D Crosby, Li Cao, Carolyn M Pearson, Linsey M Utzinger, Carly R Pacanowski, Tyler B Mason, Laura A Berner, Scott G Engel, Stephen A Wonderlich, Carol B Peterson
Eating in the absence of hunger (EAH) is under-explored in adults with obesity. In this study, 50 adults with obesity recorded eating episodes and theoretically-relevant environmental, perceptual, and emotional correlates in the natural environment for 2weeks via ecological momentary assessment (EMA). Generalized linear models and mixed models were used to characterize correlates and consequences of EAH vs. non-EAH episodes/tendencies (within-subjects and between-subjects effects, respectively), time of day, and time of day×EAH interactions...
January 17, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129307/comfortably-numb-the-role-of-momentary-dissociation-in-the-experience-of-negative-affect-around-binge-eating
#10
Tyler B Mason, Jason M Lavender, Stephen A Wonderlich, Howard Steiger, Li Cao, Scott G Engel, James E Mitchell, Ross D Crosby
Evidence suggests that both dissociation and negative affect (NA) may precipitate binge eating. The extent to which dissociation may impact the experience of NA around binge eating is unclear. Women with bulimia nervosa completed a 2-week ecological momentary assessment protocol of dissociation, NA, and binge eating. Multilevel modeling was used to examine dissociation as a moderator of NA before and after binge eating. NA was greater at the time of binge eating for participants higher in average dissociation (between subjects) and when momentary dissociation was greater than one's average (within subjects)...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121722/omega-3-supplementation-and-the-neural-correlates-of-negative-affect-and-impulsivity-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial-in-midlife-adults
#11
Annie T Ginty, Matthew F Muldoon, Dora C H Kuan, Brittney Schirda, Thomas W Kamarck, J Richard Jennings, Stephen B Manuck, Peter J Gianaros
OBJECTIVE: In clinical trials, omega-3 fatty acid supplementation improves symptoms in psychiatric disorders involving dysregulated mood and impulse control, yet it is unclear whether in healthy adults omega-3 fatty acid supplementation affects mood, impulse control and the brain systems supporting these processes. Accordingly, this study tested the hypotheses that eciosapentaenoic (EPA) and docosahexaenoic (DHA) acid supplementation reduces negative affect and impulsive behaviors in healthy adults and that these changes correspond to alterations in corticolimbic and corticostriatal brain systems which support affective and impulsive processes...
January 24, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119068/differential-effects-of-eating-and-drinking-on-wellbeing-an-ecological-ambulatory-assessment-study
#12
Jana Strahler, Urs M Nater
INTRODUCTION: Various behaviors, such as physical activity and sleep, have been shown to have stress-reducing and beneficial effects on wellbeing. In contrast, the rewarding effects of eating and drinking have rarely been investigated, particularly using ecologically valid approaches, and little is known about mediating mechanisms on the biological level. METHODS: Seventy-seven healthy young adults completed items on eating and drinking as well as momentary wellbeing (measured by mood, energy, tension, stress and fatigue levels) on an iPod touch 5×/day for 4 consecutive days...
January 22, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097459/are-intensive-data-collection-methods-in-pain-research-feasible-in-those-with-physical-disability-a-study-in-persons-with-chronic-pain-and-spinal-cord-injury
#13
A L Kratz, C Z Kalpakjian, R A Hanks
PURPOSE: Intensive repeated measures data collection procedures, such as ecological momentary assessment (EMA) and end-of-day (EOD) diaries, are becoming more prominent in pain research. Existing data on the feasibility of such methods is encouraging; however, almost nothing is known about feasibility in clinical populations with significant physical disabilities. Research methodology feasibility is crucial to the inclusion of individuals with physical disability in pain research given the high prevalence and impact of pain in these populations...
March 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095883/moderated-online-social-therapy-for-carers-of-young-people-recovering-from-first-episode-psychosis-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
John Gleeson, Reeva Lederman, Helen Herrman, Peter Koval, Dina Eleftheriadis, Sarah Bendall, Sue M Cotton, Mario Alvarez-Jimenez
BACKGROUND: First-episode psychosis most often has its onset during late adolescence. In caring for the young person, families endure high levels of stress and depression. Meanwhile, the social networks of families often erode. Our group has previously shown that family cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) leads to significantly improved perceived stress compared with specialist first-episode treatment as usual; however, there are well-known barriers to the dissemination of effective family interventions...
January 17, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092277/hierarchical-linear-modeling-for-analysis-of-ecological-momentary-assessment-data-in-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation-research
#15
Lauren Terhorst, Kelly Battle Beck, Ashlee B McKeon, Kristin M Graham, Feifei Ye, Saul Shiffman
Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) methods collect real-time data in real-world environments, which allow physical medicine and rehabilitation researchers to examine objective outcome data and reduces bias from retrospective recall. The statistical analysis of EMA data is directly related to the research question and the temporal design of the study. Hierarchical linear modeling, which accounts for multiple observations from the same participant, is a particularly useful approach to analyzing EMA data. The objective of this paper was to introduce the process of conducting hierarchical linear modeling analyses with EMA data...
January 13, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080107/feasibility-and-adherence-paradigm-to-ecological-momentary-assessments-in-urban-minority-youth
#16
Mariya P Shiyko, Seth Perkins, Linda Caldwell
All adolescents in general, including ethnic and racial minorities, report high levels of cell phone use, making mobile technology a useful tool for assessment and intervention. Known health and education disparities based on minority status motivated us to conduct an in-depth investigation regarding feasibility of and adherence to the ecological momentary assessment (EMA) research protocol, studying daily life of urban minority youth. In addition, this paper presents a methodological approach to conceptualizing and reporting adherence in EMA studies...
January 12, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077218/a-person-by-situation-account-of-why-some-people-more-frequently-engage-in-upward-appearance-comparison-behaviors-in-everyday-life
#17
Adam Rogers, Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Vivienne Lewis, Isabel Krug, Ben Richardson
Although the influence of stable, trait-like factors (such as trait body dissatisfaction and appearance internalization) on instances of appearance comparison has been well documented, the additive and interactive influence of contextual factors (such as one's current body satisfaction) on comparison behaviors is unknown. Therefore, the present study tested a Person×Situation model in which both state and trait body image variables interacted to predict engagement in various forms of comparison (upward, downward, and lateral)...
January 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075417/enriching-mental-health-mobile-assessment-and-intervention-with-situation-awareness
#18
Ariel Soares Teles, Artur Rocha, Francisco José da Silva E Silva, João Correia Lopes, Donal O'Sullivan, Pepijn Van de Ven, Markus Endler
Current mobile devices allow the execution of sophisticated applications with the capacity for identifying the user situation, which can be helpful in treatments of mental disorders. In this paper, we present SituMan, a solution that provides situation awareness to MoodBuster, an ecological momentary assessment and intervention mobile application used to request self-assessments from patients in depression treatments. SituMan has a fuzzy inference engine to identify patient situations using context data gathered from the sensors embedded in mobile devices...
January 10, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072044/predicting-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-borderline-personality-disorder-using-ecological-momentary-assessment
#19
Brooke A Ammerman, Thomas M Olino, Emil F Coccaro, Michael S McCloskey
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a highly comorbid disorder, and these comorbidities increase the impairment associated with BPD. For example, depression, which occurs in the majority of individuals with BPD, increases the likelihood of an individual with BPD to engage in nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI). Little research, however, has investigated potential mechanisms of NSSI engagement in this population. The current study aimed to fill this gap by examining momentary experiences, levels of distress tolerance, and NSSI among 51 individuals meeting current diagnostic criteria for BPD and a comorbid depressive disorder...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070868/development-of-a-just-in-time-adaptive-intervention-for-smoking-cessation-among-korean-american-emerging-adults
#20
Christian Jules Cerrada, Eldin Dzubur, Kacie C A Blackman, Vickie Mays, Steven Shoptaw, Jimi Huh
PURPOSE: Cigarette smoking is a preventable risk factor that contributes to unnecessary lung cancer burden among Korean Americans and there is limited research on effective smoking cessation strategies for this population. Smartphone-based smoking cessation apps that leverage just-in-time adaptive interventions (JITAIs) hold promise for smokers attempting to quit. However, little is known about how to develop and tailor a smoking cessation JITAI for Korean American emerging adult (KAEA) smokers...
January 9, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
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