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ecological momentary assessment

Lindsey K Freeman, Nisha C Gottfredson
INTRODUCTION: The causal direction of the relationship between sleep disturbance and drug cravings is unknown. Based on resource depletion literature, we hypothesized that sleep difficulties lead to cravings. We tested whether sleep quality predicts craving at the within- or between-person level, with perceived willpower as a multilevel mediator. METHODS: We used ecological momentary assessments (EMA) to compare two models of temporal precedence. Participants in addiction treatment (N=122) were sent four surveys each day for three weeks...
November 11, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
H Jonathon Rendina, Brett M Millar, Jeffrey T Parsons
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that HIV stigma exerts a detrimental impact on the mental health of HIV-positive gay and bisexual men (GBM). We sought to better understand these processes by examining two forms of HIV stigma (i.e., anticipated and internalized) at two levels (i.e., individual and situational) in association with daily negative affective experiences. METHODS: We conducted a 21-day twice-daily ecological momentary assessment study of 51 HIV-positive GBM...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
Emily W Paolillo, Lisa C Obermeit, Bin Tang, Colin A Depp, Florin Vaida, David J Moore, Raeanne C Moore
INTRODUCTION: Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) has been used to characterize substance use among adult populations; however, little is known about the validity of EMA and the patterns and predictors of substance use among older adults with and without HIV infection. METHODS: Thirty-five (22 HIV-positive, 13 HIV-negative) older adults aged 50-74 were assessed for 14days and completed up to four smartphone-based surveys per day. RESULTS: Participants completed an average of 89...
October 26, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
Emily T Hébert, Elise M Stevens, Summer G Frank, Darla E Kendzor, David W Wetter, Michael J Zvolensky, Julia D Buckner, Michael S Businelle
BACKGROUND: Smartphone apps can provide real-time, tailored interventions for smoking cessation. The current study examines the effectiveness of a smartphone-based smoking cessation application that assessed risk for imminent smoking lapse multiple times per day and provided messages tailored to current smoking lapse risk and specific lapse triggers. METHODS: Participants (N=59) recruited from a safety-net hospital smoking cessation clinic completed phone-based ecological momentary assessments (EMAs) 5 times/day for 3 consecutive weeks (1week pre-quit, 2weeks post-quit)...
October 28, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
Julia Reichenberger, Joshua M Smyth, Jens Blechert
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Social interactions inevitably go along with repeated evaluations. Some individuals are particularly sensitive to social evaluations: Psychometric studies suggest stable and distinct individual differences on fear of negative evaluations (FNE) and fear of positive evaluation (FPE). However, little is known about day-to-day correlates of FNE and FPE, particularly their respective contribution to positive/negative affect level and affect reactivity to different stressor types...
November 9, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Andrea B Goldschmidt, Ross D Crosby, Li Cao, Stephen A Wonderlich, James E Mitchell, Scott G Engel, Carol B Peterson
OBJECTIVES: Binge eating is common in adults with obesity. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Psychiatric Disorders describes five indicators of binge eating (eating more rapidly than usual; eating until uncomfortably full; eating large amounts of food when not physically hungry; eating alone because of embarrassment over how much one is eating; and feeling disgusted with oneself, depressed, or very guilty after overeating), but their validity is unclear. METHOD: We examined preliminary associations between the five indicators and binge versus nonbinge episodes among 50 adults with obesity via ecological momentary assessment...
November 7, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Aidan G C Wright, Stephanie D Stepp, Lori N Scott, Michael N Hallquist, Joseph E Beeney, Sophie A Lazarus, Paul A Pilkonis
Narcissism has significant interpersonal costs, yet little research has examined behavioral and affective patterns characteristic of narcissism in naturalistic settings. Here we studied the effect of narcissistic features on the dynamic processes of interpersonal behavior and affect in daily life. We used interpersonal theory to generate transactional models of social interaction (i.e., linkages among perceptions of others' behavior, affect, and one's own behavior) predicted to be characteristic of narcissism...
October 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
L Vork, D Keszthelyi, Z Mujagic, J W Kruimel, C Leue, I Pontén, H Törnblom, M Simrén, A Albu-Soda, Q Aziz, M Corsetti, L Holvoet, J Tack, S S Rao, J van Os, E G Quetglas, D A Drossman, A A M Masclee
BACKGROUND: End-of-day questionnaires, which are considered the gold standard for assessing abdominal pain and other gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), are influenced by recall and ecological bias. The experience sampling method (ESM) is characterized by random and repeated assessments in the natural state and environment of a subject, and herewith overcomes these limitations. This report describes the development of a patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) based on the ESM principle, taking into account content validity and cross-cultural adaptation...
November 6, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
Kenzie L Preston, William J Kowalczyk, Karran A Phillips, Michelle L Jobes, Massoud Vahabzadeh, Jia-Ling Lin, Mustapha Mezghanni, David H Epstein
In addiction, risk factors for craving and use include stress and drug-related cues. Stress and cues have additive or more-than-additive effects on drug seeking in laboratory animals, but, surprisingly, seem to compete with one another (ie, exert less-than-additive effects) in human laboratory studies of craving. We sought heretofore elusive evidence that human drug users could show additive (or more-than-additive) effects of stress and cues on craving, using ecological momentary assessment (EMA). Outpatients (N=182) maintained on daily buprenorphine or methadone provided self-reports of stress, craving, mood, and behavior on electronic diaries for up to 16 weeks...
November 6, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Jaye L Derrick, Rebecca K Eliseo-Arras, Sana Haddad, Maggie Britton, Courtney Hanny
Introduction: Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) is a valuable method for studying smoking cessation, but feasibility has not been examined in committed couples. The current study examines the feasibility of conducting an EMA study of unaided smoking cessation in single-smoker couples. Methods: Participants were 62 single-smoker couples recruited to participate in a 21-day study of unaided smoking cessation. Quitters and Partners were given instructions to complete one morning report, three signaled reports, and one evening report per day, as well as lapse reports when necessary...
November 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Margarita Sala, Leigh C Brosof, David Rosenfield, Katya C Fernandez, Cheri A Levinson
OBJECTIVE: Stress is associated with the maintenance of eating disorders and exercise behaviors. However, it is unclear how stress is associated with exercise and vice-versa among individuals with higher levels of eating disorder symptoms in daily life. The current study tested the moderating effect of eating disorder symptoms on the relationships between: (1) daily stress and later exercise behavior and (2) daily exercise behavior and later stress. METHOD: Female college students [N = 129, mean age = 19...
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Ellen Frank, Janice Pong, Yashvi Asher, Claudio N Soares
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Depression is a complex and burdensome condition; it often leads to personal, societal and economic costs. Despite advances in treatments, its management over time remains a challenge; many treated for depression do not achieve full recovery or remain well for long. Novel ways to monitor patients are warranted, as well as better understanding of contributors to relapse or sustained wellness. Mobile health technologies (m-Health) are emerging as useful tools for real-time assessments of moods, behaviours and activities in a more convenient and less burdensome manner...
October 27, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
Dustin T Duncan, William C Goedel, James H Williams, Brian Elbel
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the acceptability of smartphone-based text message- and voice-based ecological momentary assessment (EMA) methods among a sample of low-income housing residents in New York City. Using data from the community-based NYC Low Income Housing, Neighborhoods and Health Study (n = 112), the acceptability of text message- and voice-based EMA methods were assessed via survey. RESULTS: Overall, 88.4% of participants reported that they would participate in a study that utilized text message-based EMA...
October 26, 2017: BMC Research Notes
Bethany C Leraas, Kathryn E Smith, Linsey M Utzinger, Li Cao, Scott G Engel, Ross D Crosby, James E Mitchell, Stephen A Wonderlich
Theoretical conceptualizations of bulimia nervosa (BN) emphasize the role of emotion dysregulation in the development and maintenance of symptoms, which has been supported by ecological momentary assessment studies. Given the importance of affective disturbances in BN, this study aimed to classify a sample of adult women with BN (N = 130) based on primarily momentary affective indicators, including negative and positive affect, negative and positive affective lability, and depression. Participants completed baseline assessments followed by a two-week ecological momentary assessment protocol...
September 30, 2017: Psychiatry Research
Catherine Bolman, Peter Verboon, Vivianne Thewissen, Viviane Boonen, Karin Soons, Nele Jacobs
OBJECTIVES: This study focused on lapse shortly after an attempt to quit smoking. Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) studies have mapped real-time situational factors that induce lapses in everyday life. However, the possible role of nonsmoking intention is disregarded in the dynamic context of daily life, whereas intention plays a key role in behavior change and shifts during smoking cessation. This study therefore aimed to capture the influence of intention on lapse, next to the known risk factors of negative affect, low self-efficacy, craving, positive outcome expectations towards smoking (POEs), being around smokers, and stress...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
Oriol Marquet, Claudia Alberico, Deepti Adlakha, J Aaron Hipp
BACKGROUND: Pokémon GO is the most played augmented reality game in history. With more than 44 million players at the peak of its popularity, the game has sparked interest on its effects on the young population's health. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study examined motivations to start playing Pokémon GO among a sample of US college students, and how motivations were associated with perceived outcomes of the playing experience and physical activity derived while playing...
October 24, 2017: JMIR Serious Games
Matthew D Koslovsky, Emily T Hébert, Michael D Swartz, Wenyaw Chan, Luis Leon-Novelo, Anna V Wilkinson, Darla E Kendzor, Michael S Businelle
Introduction: Intensive longitudinal data (ILD) collected with ecological momentary assessments (EMAs) can provide a rich resource for understanding the relations between risk factors and smoking in the time surrounding a cessation attempt. Methods: Participants (N=142) were smokers seeking treatment at a safety-net hospital smoking cessation clinic who were randomly assigned to receive standard clinic care (i.e., counseling and cessation medications) or standard care plus small financial incentives for biochemically confirmed smoking abstinence...
October 4, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Robert Suchting, Emily T Hébert, Ping Ma, Darla E Kendzor, Michael S Businelle
Introduction: Machine learning algorithms such as elastic net regression and backwards selection provide a unique and powerful approach to model building given a set of psychosocial predictors of smoking lapse measured repeatedly via ecological momentary assessment (EMA). Understanding these predictors may aid in developing interventions for smoking lapse prevention. Methods: In a randomized controlled smoking cessation trial, smartphone-based EMAs were collected from 92 participants following a scheduled quit date...
September 7, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Julianne M Griffith, Jennifer S Silk, Caroline W Oppenheimer, Judith K Morgan, Cecile D Ladouceur, Erika E Forbes, Ronald E Dahl
This study investigated the association between maternal affective expression during laboratory-based interaction tasks and adolescents' experience of positive affect (PA) in natural settings. Participants were 80 healthy adolescents and their mothers. Durations of maternal positive (PA) and negative affective (NA) expressions were observed during a conflict resolution task and a positive event planning interaction task. Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) procedures were employed to assess adolescents' momentary and peak experience of PA in daily life...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
Barbra H B Timmer, Louise Hickson, Stefan Launer
Purpose: This research assessed the feasibility and construct validity of ecological momentary assessment in capturing the hearing experiences of adults with mild hearing impairment in natural environments. Method: Twenty-nine adults between the ages of 55 and 79 years (M = 69 years) answered multiple surveys on a smartphone app over a 2-week trial. Participants also wore 1 environmental classifier and a streamer allowing bidirectional communication between smartphone and classifier...
October 12, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
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