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ecological momentary assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918456/testing-a-mobile-mindful-eating-intervention-targeting-craving-related-eating-feasibility-and-proof-of-concept
#1
Ashley E Mason, Kinnari Jhaveri, Michael Cohn, Judson A Brewer
Theoretically driven smartphone-delivered behavioral interventions that target mechanisms underlying eating behavior are lacking. In this study, we administered a 28-day self-paced smartphone-delivered intervention rooted in an operant conditioning theoretical framework that targets craving-related eating using mindful eating practices. At pre-intervention and 1-month post-intervention, we assessed food cravings among adult overweight or obese women (N = 104; M age = 46.2 ± 14.1 years; M BMI = 31...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911881/tailoring-the-orthopaedic-consultation-how-perceived-patient-characteristics-influence-surgeons-communication
#2
Tessa Dekkers, Marijke Melles, Nina M C Mathijssen, Stephan B W Vehmeijer, Huib de Ridder
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether and how orthopaedic surgeons tailor communication during medical consultations based on perceived patient characteristics. METHODS: Seven orthopaedic surgeons were repeatedly interviewed following an approach based on ecological momentary assessment. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyse the eighty short interviews. The association between patient characteristics and tailoring approaches was explored in a correspondence analysis of the counted codes...
September 1, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903681/hedonic-benefits-of-close-and-distant-interaction-partners-the-mediating-roles-of-social-approval-and-authenticity
#3
Rachel B Venaglia, Edward P Lemay
The current research utilized ecological momentary assessment methodology to examine affective responses to interacting with close versus distant interaction partners during naturally occurring social interactions, and to test predictions regarding the mediating roles of perceived social approval and authenticity. Analysis of 4,602 social interactions reported by 176 participants suggested that, relative to interactions with distant partners, interactions with close partners were characterized by more positive affect...
September 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866435/a-contextual-model-of-self-regulation-change-mechanisms-among-individuals-with-addictive-disorders
#4
REVIEW
Corey R Roos, Katie Witkiewitz
Numerous behavioral treatments for addictive disorders include components explicitly aimed at targeting self-regulation (e.g., coping and emotion regulation). We first provide a summary of key findings to date among studies that have examined self-regulation as a mechanism of behavior change (MOBC) in behavioral treatments for addictive disorders. Based on our review, we conclude that the role of self-regulation as a MOBC across behavioral treatments for addictive disorders is not well-characterized and findings are inconsistent across studies...
August 24, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859667/young-adult-non-smokers-exposure-to-real-world-tobacco-marketing-results-of-an-ecological-momentary-assessment-pilot-study
#5
Shyanika W Rose, Andrew Anesetti-Rothermel, Hoda Elmasry, Ray Niaura
BACKGROUND: The aims of this pilot study were to assess and characterize non-current smoking young adults' exposure to tobacco marketing through an ecological momentary assessment protocol. METHODS: Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) consists of repeated measurement of momentary phenomena and is well-suited to capture sporadic experiences in the real-world, such as exposure to tobacco marketing. EMA has the potential to capture detailed information about real-world marketing exposures in ways that reduce recall bias and increase ecological validity...
August 31, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851542/an-experience-sampling-study-on-the-ecological-validity-of-the-swn-20-indication-that-subjective-well-being-is-associated-with-momentary-affective-states-above-and-beyond-psychosis-susceptibility
#6
Karin Pos, Iris E de Wit, Floor A van Dijk, Agna A Bartels-Velthuis, Richard Bruggeman, Carin J Meijer, Lieuwe de Haan, Berhooz Z Alizadeh, Agna A Bartels-Velthuis, Nico J Van Beveren, Richard Bruggeman, Wiepke Cahn, Lieuwe de Haan, Phillipe Delespaul, Carin J Meijer, Inez Myin-Germeys, Rene S Kahn, Frederike Schirmbeck, Claudia J P Simons, Neeltje E van Haren, Jim van Os, Ruud van Winkel
Subjective well-being (SWB) is associated with treatment adherence and symptom outcome in people with psychotic disorders. Also, it is associated with psychosis susceptibility and it is partly hereditable. The SWN-20 is a widely used tool to assess subjective well-being in patients; it was also found to be suitable for assessing SWB in healthy populations. Yet it is unclear how this retrospectively measured construct may be associated with momentary affective state, which is the proposed underlying mechanism of subjective well-being...
August 18, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845728/perceptions-of-the-meaningfulness-of-work-among-older-social-purpose-workers-an-ecological-momentary-assessment-study
#7
Christina Matz-Costa, Stephanie Cosner Berzin, Marcie Pitt-Catsouphes, Cal J Halvorsen
The ecological momentary assessment (EMA) method was used to examine the antecedents and correlates of older adults' in-the-moment perceptions of meaning at work. Data were collected six times per day for 7 days from 30 older adults who were mostly social entrepreneurs and who were engaged in purpose work (i.e., work that addresses a social problem or issue). We found concurrent effects of two types of affective states (i.e., relaxed and energetic) and generative work behaviors (i.e., sharing information about one's work and encouraging/inviting others into one's work) on three measures of perceptions of meaningful work (i...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822262/evaluating-the-influence-of-at-risk-alcohol-use-on-factors-associated-with-smoking-cessation-combining-laboratory-and-ecological-momentary-assessment
#8
Joanna R Sells, Andrew J Waters, R Ross MacLean
OBJECTIVE: Most smokers want to quit but most cessation attempts end in failure. Alcohol consumption is associated with smoking behavior and relapse. We examined the associations between severity of drinking and psychological processes during a cessation attempt in the laboratory and during a quit attempt. METHODS: Smokers (N=209) enrolled in a smoking cessation study were followed from 2 weeks pre-quit through 4 weeks post-quit. Participants scoring 0-7 and 8-15 on the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) were classified as low-risk and high-risk drinkers, respectively...
July 4, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815142/a-data-capture-framework-for-large-scale-interventional-studies-with-survey-workflow-management
#9
Shiqiang Tao, Ningzhou Zeng, Xi Wu, Xiaojin Li, Wei Zhu, Licong Cui, G Q Zhang
Capturing high-quality survey data is an arduous process for large-scale and extensive interventional studies. This paper presents the architecture, interface design, and an innovative form generation engine of a system called RE- Form: Refactorized Electronic Web Forms. REForm provides researchers the capability to design and manage surveys and the flexibility to organize them in a customizable workflow. REForm has been designed, implemented, pilot-tested and deployed for an NCI-funded interventional study IMPACT...
2017: AMIA Summits on Translational Science Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810492/perceived-haze-stress-and-negative-emotions-an-ecological-momentary-assessment-study-of-the-affective-responses-to-haze
#10
Wei Xu, Xu Ding, Yulu Zhuang, Guangzhe Yuan, Yuanyuan An, Zhiqiang Shi, Pei Hwa Goh
The aim of this study was to examine the mediating role of stress in the association between people's perceived haze and negative emotions in daily life. Using ecological momentary assessment, 95 college students reported their perceived haze, stress, and negative emotions twice a day over the course of 2 weeks. The results showed a positive relationship between perceived haze and negative emotions. More importantly, this association was significantly mediated by levels of stress. Findings suggested that people who perceived more severe haze may report higher stress levels, which in turn may lead to increases in negative emotions...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810406/an-ecological-momentary-assessment-of-weight-stigma-among-weight-loss-participants
#11
Robert A Carels, James Rossi, Chelsey Solar, Jennifer C Selensky
This investigation explored experiences of weight stigma using momentary, real-time diary assessments among adults seeking weight loss treatment. In total, 51 participants completed diary assessments of weight stigmatizing events and reported how they felt and coped with each incident. Experiencing stigma was significantly associated with fewer positive and greater negative emotions. There was a significant inverse relationship between using positive self-talk and feeling numb and a positive relationship between using isolation/avoidance coping and feeling depressed, ashamed, and less happy...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808040/evaluating-the-longitudinal-risk-of-social-vigilance-on-atherosclerosis-study-protocol-for-the-north-texas-heart-study
#12
John M Ruiz, Daniel J Taylor, Bert N Uchino, Timothy W Smith, Matthew Allison, Chul Ahn, Jillian J Johnson, Joshua M Smyth
INTRODUCTION: Psychosocial factors are increasingly recognised as important determinants of cardiovascular disease risk. The North Texas Heart Study aims to understand the mechanisms responsible for this association with a focus on social vigilance (ie, scanning the environment for social threats). There is also growing interest in supplementing traditional methods (eg, survey assessment of psychosocial risk paired with cross-sectional and longitudinal health outcomes) with daily or repeated momentary assessment of psychosocial factors...
August 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800894/examining-unanswered-questions-about-the-home-environment-and-childhood-obesity-disparities-using-an-incremental-mixed-methods-longitudinal-study-design-the-family-matters-study
#13
Jerica M Berge, Amanda Trofholz, Allan D Tate, Maureen Beebe, Angela Fertig, Michael H Miner, Scott Crow, Kathleen A Culhane-Pera, Shannon Pergament, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
There are disparities in the prevalence of childhood obesity for children from low-income and minority households. Mixed-methods studies that examine home environments in an in-depth manner are needed to identify potential mechanisms driving childhood obesity disparities that have not been examined in prior research. The Family Matters study aims to identify risk and protective factors for childhood obesity in low-income and minority households through a two-phased incremental, mixed-methods, and longitudinal approach...
August 9, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797307/using-smartphones-to-decrease-substance-use-via-self-monitoring-and-recovery-support-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-control-trial
#14
Christy K Scott, Michael L Dennis, David H Gustafson
BACKGROUND: Alcohol abuse, other substance use disorders, and risk behaviors associated with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) represent three of the top 10 modifiable causes of mortality in the US. Despite evidence that continuing care is effective in sustaining recovery from substance use disorders and associated behaviors, patients rarely receive it. Smartphone applications (apps) have been effective in delivering continuing care to patients almost anywhere and anytime. This study tests the effectiveness of two components of such apps: ongoing self-monitoring through Ecological Momentary Assessments (EMAs) and immediate recovery support through Ecological Momentary Interventions (EMIs)...
August 10, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772196/sleep-disturbance-as-a-predictor-of-affective-functioning-and-symptom-severity-among-individuals-with-ptsd-an-ecological-momentary-assessment-study
#15
Nicole A Short, Nicholas P Allan, Norman B Schmidt
Recent research has highlighted the etiological role of sleep disturbance in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD); however it is currently unknown how daily changes in sleep are associated with next-day PTSD symptoms. Furthermore, sleep is critical for maintaining appropriate affect, leading some to hypothesize that affective dysfunction may account for the link between sleep disturbances and PTSD symptoms. Thus, the current study tested the relationship between sleep disturbances, affective valence, and PTSD symptoms utilizing an ecological momentary assessment (EMA) design among individuals with PTSD (n=30) who participated in 4 EMA-based assessments daily over 8 days...
July 27, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771875/predictors-of-insomnia-symptoms-and-nightmares-among-individuals-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-an-ecological-momentary-assessment-study
#16
Nicole A Short, Nicholas P Allan, Lauren Stentz, Amberly K Portero, Norman B Schmidt
Despite the high levels of comorbidity between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and sleep disturbance, little research has examined the predictors of insomnia and nightmares in this population. The current study tested both PTSD-specific (i.e. PTSD symptoms, comorbid anxiety and depression, nightmares and fear of sleep) and insomnia-specific (i.e. dysfunctional beliefs about sleep, insomnia-related safety behaviours and daily stressors) predictors of sleep quality, efficiency and nightmares in a sample of 30 individuals with PTSD...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771449/using-technology-to-assess-and-intervene-with-illicit-drug-using-persons-at-risk-for-hiv
#17
Keith J Horvath, Sara Lammert, Sara LeGrand, Kathryn E Muessig, José A Bauermeister
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review describes recent literature on novel ways technology is used for assessment of illicit drug use and HIV risk behaviours, suggestions for optimizing intervention acceptability, and recently completed and ongoing technology-based interventions for drug-using persons at risk for HIV and others with high rates of drug use and HIV risk behaviour. RECENT FINDINGS: Among studies (n = 5) comparing technology-based to traditional assessment methods, those using Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) had high rates of reported drug use and high concordance with traditional assessment methods...
September 2017: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768573/violence-exposure-and-adolescents-same-day-obesogenic-behaviors-new-findings-and-a-replication
#18
Joy Rayanne Piontak, Michael A Russell, Andrea Danese, William E Copeland, Rick H Hoyle, Candice L Odgers
OBJECTIVE: To test whether exposure to violence is associated with same-day increases in obesogenic behaviors among young adolescents, including unhealthy food and beverage consumption, poor quality sleep, and lack of physical activity. METHODS: Young at-risk adolescents between 12 and 15 years of age were recruited via telephone screening from low-income neighborhoods. Adolescents and their parents completed in-person assessments, followed by Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) delivered to 151 adolescents' mobile phones three times a day for 30 days (4329 person days)...
July 26, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759271/medication-use-sleep-and-caregiver-smoking-status-among-urban-children-with-asthma
#19
Samantha A Miadich, Robin S Everhart, Kristin E Heron, Caroline O Cobb
OBJECTIVE: Children living in urban settings from low-income, minority families are at a high risk for experiencing asthma morbidity. Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS, i.e., secondhand) exposure, typically from caregiver smoking, has been associated with increased quick-relief medication use and child nocturnal awakenings due to increased asthma symptoms as well as worse sleep quality in children with asthma. This study investigated the moderating role of caregiver smoking status on the association between quick-relief medication use and child's sleep quality in urban children with persistent asthma...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758704/an-ecological-investigation-of-the-emotional-context-surrounding-nonsuicidal-self-injurious-thoughts-and-behaviors-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#20
Amy Kranzler, Kara B Fehling, Janne Lindqvist, Julia Brillante, Fengpeng Yuan, Xianyi Gao, Alec L Miller, Edward A Selby
Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) methodology was used to examine the emotional context of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI). Forty-seven adolescents and young adults used a novel smartphone app to monitor their emotional experiences, NSSI thoughts, and NSSI behaviors for 2 weeks. Momentary changes in both negative and positive emotions predicted greater intensity of NSSI thoughts at the subsequent assessment, while only increases in negative emotion predicted NSSI behaviors. Immediately following NSSI behaviors participants reported reduced high-arousal negative emotions and increased low-arousal positive emotions, suggesting that NSSI may be an efficient and effective method of regulating emotion...
July 31, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
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