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ecological momentary assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097459/are-intensive-data-collection-methods-in-pain-research-feasible-in-those-with-physical-disability-a-study-in-persons-with-chronic-pain-and-spinal-cord-injury
#1
A L Kratz, C Z Kalpakjian, R A Hanks
PURPOSE: Intensive repeated measures data collection procedures, such as ecological momentary assessment (EMA) and end-of-day (EOD) diaries, are becoming more prominent in pain research. Existing data on the feasibility of such methods is encouraging; however, almost nothing is known about feasibility in clinical populations with significant physical disabilities. Research methodology feasibility is crucial to the inclusion of individuals with physical disability in pain research given the high prevalence and impact of pain in these populations...
January 17, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095883/moderated-online-social-therapy-for-carers-of-young-people-recovering-from-first-episode-psychosis-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
John Gleeson, Reeva Lederman, Helen Herrman, Peter Koval, Dina Eleftheriadis, Sarah Bendall, Sue M Cotton, Mario Alvarez-Jimenez
BACKGROUND: First-episode psychosis most often has its onset during late adolescence. In caring for the young person, families endure high levels of stress and depression. Meanwhile, the social networks of families often erode. Our group has previously shown that family cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) leads to significantly improved perceived stress compared with specialist first-episode treatment as usual; however, there are well-known barriers to the dissemination of effective family interventions...
January 17, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092277/hierarchical-linear-modeling-for-analysis-of-ecological-momentary-assessment-data-in-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation-research
#3
Lauren Terhorst, Kelly Battle Beck, Ashlee B McKeon, Kristin M Graham, Feifei Ye, Saul Shiffman
Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) methods collect real-time data in real-world environments, which allow physical medicine and rehabilitation researchers to examine objective outcome data and reduces bias from retrospective recall. The statistical analysis of EMA data is directly related to the research question and the temporal design of the study. Hierarchical linear modeling, which accounts for multiple observations from the same participant, is a particularly useful approach to analyzing EMA data. The objective of this paper was to introduce the process of conducting hierarchical linear modeling analyses with EMA data...
January 13, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080107/feasibility-and-adherence-paradigm-to-ecological-momentary-assessments-in-urban-minority-youth
#4
Mariya P Shiyko, Seth Perkins, Linda Caldwell
All adolescents in general, including ethnic and racial minorities, report high levels of cell phone use, making mobile technology a useful tool for assessment and intervention. Known health and education disparities based on minority status motivated us to conduct an in-depth investigation regarding feasibility of and adherence to the ecological momentary assessment (EMA) research protocol, studying daily life of urban minority youth. In addition, this paper presents a methodological approach to conceptualizing and reporting adherence in EMA studies...
January 12, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077218/a-person-by-situation-account-of-why-some-people-more-frequently-engage-in-upward-appearance-comparison-behaviors-in-everyday-life
#5
Adam Rogers, Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Vivienne Lewis, Isabel Krug, Ben Richardson
Although the influence of stable, trait-like factors (such as trait body dissatisfaction and appearance internalization) on instances of appearance comparison has been well documented, the additive and interactive influence of contextual factors (such as one's current body satisfaction) on comparison behaviors is unknown. Therefore, the present study tested a Person×Situation model in which both state and trait body image variables interacted to predict engagement in various forms of comparison (upward, downward, and lateral)...
January 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075417/enriching-mental-health-mobile-assessment-and-intervention-with-situation-awareness
#6
Ariel Soares Teles, Artur Rocha, Francisco José da Silva E Silva, João Correia Lopes, Donal O'Sullivan, Pepijn Van de Ven, Markus Endler
Current mobile devices allow the execution of sophisticated applications with the capacity for identifying the user situation, which can be helpful in treatments of mental disorders. In this paper, we present SituMan, a solution that provides situation awareness to MoodBuster, an ecological momentary assessment and intervention mobile application used to request self-assessments from patients in depression treatments. SituMan has a fuzzy inference engine to identify patient situations using context data gathered from the sensors embedded in mobile devices...
January 10, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072044/predicting-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-borderline-personality-disorder-using-ecological-momentary-assessment
#7
Brooke A Ammerman, Thomas M Olino, Emil F Coccaro, Michael S McCloskey
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a highly comorbid disorder, and these comorbidities increase the impairment associated with BPD. For example, depression, which occurs in the majority of individuals with BPD, increases the likelihood of an individual with BPD to engage in nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI). Little research, however, has investigated potential mechanisms of NSSI engagement in this population. The current study aimed to fill this gap by examining momentary experiences, levels of distress tolerance, and NSSI among 51 individuals meeting current diagnostic criteria for BPD and a comorbid depressive disorder...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070868/development-of-a-just-in-time-adaptive-intervention-for-smoking-cessation-among-korean-american-emerging-adults
#8
Christian Jules Cerrada, Eldin Dzubur, Kacie C A Blackman, Vickie Mays, Steven Shoptaw, Jimi Huh
PURPOSE: Cigarette smoking is a preventable risk factor that contributes to unnecessary lung cancer burden among Korean Americans and there is limited research on effective smoking cessation strategies for this population. Smartphone-based smoking cessation apps that leverage just-in-time adaptive interventions (JITAIs) hold promise for smokers attempting to quit. However, little is known about how to develop and tailor a smoking cessation JITAI for Korean American emerging adult (KAEA) smokers...
January 9, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068112/association-between-smoking-related-attentional-bias-and-craving-measured-in-the-clinic-and-in-the-natural-environment
#9
Rachna Begh, Margaret Smith, Stuart G Ferguson, Saul Shiffman, Marcus R Munafò, Paul Aveyard
Previous laboratory studies have investigated associations between attentional bias and craving, but ecological momentary assessment (EMA) may provide ecologically-valid data. This study examines whether clinic-measured attentional bias is associated with noticing smoking cues, attention to smoking, and craving assessed by EMA and whether EMA-assessed cues and attention to smoking are associated with craving in a secondary analysis of data from 100 cigarette smokers attempting cessation. Two weeks before quitting, participants completed attentional bias assessments on visual probe (VP) and Stroop tasks and completed random EMA-assessments for seven weeks thereafter...
December 2016: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065496/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-ecological-momentary-assessment-of-daily-functioning-among-older-adults-with-hiv
#10
Raeanne C Moore, Christopher N Kaufmann, Alexandra S Rooney, David J Moore, Lisa T Eyler, Eric Granholm, Steven Paul Woods, Joel Swendsen, Robert K Heaton, J C Scott, Colin A Depp
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the feasibility, acceptability, and initial validity of using smartphone-based ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to assess daily functioning and other behavioral factors among older HIV+ adults. METHODS: Twenty older HIV+ adults (mean age: 59 years) completed laboratory-based neurobehavioral and functional assessments then completed EMA surveys via smartphones five times per day for one week. RESULTS: Excellent EMA adherence (86...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061392/association-of-environmental-indicators-with-teen-alcohol-use-and-problem-behavior-teens-observations-vs-objectively-measured-indicators
#11
Hilary F Byrnes, Brenda A Miller, Christopher N Morrison, Douglas J Wiebe, Marcie Woychik, Sarah E Wiehe
: Most prior studies use objectively measured data (e.g., census-based indicators) to assess contextual risks. However, teens' observations might be more important for their risk behavior. OBJECTIVES: 1) determine relationships between observed and objective indicators of contextual risks 2) determine relations of observed and objective indicators with teen alcohol use and problem behavior. Teens aged 14-16 (N=170) carried GPS-enabled smartphones for one month, with locations documented...
January 3, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057696/using-a-smartphone-based-ecological-momentary-assessment-protocol-with-community-dwelling-older-african-americans
#12
Heather Fritz, Wassim Tarraf, Dan J Saleh, Malcolm P Cutchin
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the feasibility of smartphone-based Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) approaches to collect psychosocial data from older populations, especially disadvantaged older populations. In response to this gap, this report provides evidence of the feasibility and utility of a smartphone-based EMA approach for real-time assessment with older African Americans. In addition, we share lessons learned about how to improve utility. METHODS: Ninety-seven older African Americans ages 55 and older (range: 55-95 years) used an Android smartphone loaded with an EMA application to provide data about their everyday activities and stress four times per day for seven consecutive days...
January 4, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038361/the-search-for-an-elusive-cutoff-remains-problems-of-binary-classification-of-heavy-drinking-as-an-endpoint-for-alcohol-clinical-trials
#13
Matthew R Pearson, Adrian J Bravo, Megan Kirouac, Katie Witkiewitz
BACKGROUND: To examine whether a clinically meaningful alcohol consumption cutoff can be created for clinical samples, we used receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curves to derive gender-specific consumption cutoffs that maximized sensitivity and specificity in the prediction of a wide range of negative consequences from drinking. METHODS: We conducted secondary data analyses using data from two large clinical trials targeting alcohol use disorders: Project MATCH (n=1726) and COMBINE (n=1383)...
November 22, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032272/altered-positive-affect-in-clinically-anxious-youth-the-role-of-social-context-and-anxiety-subtype
#14
Judith K Morgan, Grace E Lee, Aidan G C Wright, Danielle E Gilchrist, Erika E Forbes, Dana L McMakin, Ronald E Dahl, Cecile D Ladouceur, Neal D Ryan, Jennifer S Silk
Anxious youth may experience altered positive affect (PA) relative to healthy youth, perhaps because of greater sensitivity to social experiences. Altered PA may be especially evident during the transition to adolescence, a period in which positive social events increase in salience and value. The current study evaluated whether anxious youth show differences in baseline PA, rate of return to baseline, and variability around baseline PA and tested whether these differences would depend on social context and anxiety subtype...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026195/age-differences-in-negative-emotional-responses-to-daily-stressors-depend-on-time-since-event
#15
Stacey B Scott, Nilam Ram, Joshua M Smyth, David M Almeida, Martin J Sliwinski
Research on age differences in the experience of negative emotional states have produced inconsistent results, particularly when emotion is examined in the context of daily stress. Strength and vulnerability integration (SAVI; Charles, 2010) theory postulates that age differences in emotional states are contingent upon whether a stressor occurred, and whether sufficient time has passed since the stressor to allow older adults to benefit from theorized strengths. The present study uses an ecological momentary assessment design to examine how timing of daily stressors relates to age differences in negative emotional responses...
January 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018210/measuring-the-moment-to-moment-variability-of-tinnitus-the-trackyourtinnitus-smart-phone-app
#16
Winfried Schlee, Rüdiger C Pryss, Thomas Probst, Johannes Schobel, Alexander Bachmeier, Manfred Reichert, Berthold Langguth
Tinnitus, the phantom perception of sound without a corresponding external sound, is a frequent disorder which causes significant morbidity. So far there is no treatment available that reliably reduces the tinnitus perception. The research is hampered by the large heterogeneity of tinnitus and the fact that the tinnitus perception fluctuates over time. It is therefore necessary to develop tools for measuring fluctuations of tinnitus perception over time and for analyzing data on single subject basis. However, this type of longitudinal measurement is difficult to perform using the traditional research methods such as paper-and-pencil questionnaires or clinical interviews...
2016: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013054/the-role-of-day-to-day-emotions-sleep-and-social-interactions-in-pediatric-anxiety-treatment
#17
Meredith L Wallace, Dana L McMakin, Patricia Z Tan, Dana Rosen, Erika E Forbes, Cecile D Ladouceur, Neal D Ryan, Greg J Siegle, Ronald E Dahl, Philip C Kendall, Anthony Mannarino, Jennifer S Silk
Do day-to-day emotions, social interactions, and sleep play a role in determining which anxious youth respond to supportive child-centered therapy (CCT) versus cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)? We explored whether measures of day-to-day functioning (captured through ecological momentary assessment, sleep diary, and actigraphy), along with clinical and demographic measures, were predictors or moderators of treatment outcome in 114 anxious youth randomized to CCT or CBT. We statistically combined individual moderators into a single, optimal composite moderator to characterize subgroups for which CCT or CBT may be preferable...
December 18, 2016: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012503/green-care-farms-as-innovative-nursing-homes-promoting-activities-and-social-interaction-for-people-with-dementia
#18
Bram de Boer, Jan P H Hamers, Sandra M G Zwakhalen, Frans E S Tan, Hanneke C Beerens, Hilde Verbeek
OBJECTIVES: Innovative care environments are developed for people with dementia to encourage person-centered care. This study aims to investigate whether residents of green care farms that provide 24-hour nursing care participate more in (physical) activities and social interaction compared with residents of other nursing homes. DESIGN: Longitudinal observation study. SETTING: Nursing homes in the Netherlands (green care farms, traditional nursing homes, and regular small-scale living facilities)...
January 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008556/associations-of-affective-responses-during-free-living-physical-activity-and-future-physical-activity-levels-an-ecological-momentary-assessment-study
#19
Yue Liao, Chih-Ping Chou, Jimi Huh, Adam Leventhal, Genevieve Dunton
PURPOSE: Affective response during physical activity may influence motivation to perform future physical activity behavior. However, affective response during physical activity is often assessed under controlled laboratory conditions. The current study used ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to capture affective responses during free-living physical activity performed by adults, and determined whether these affective responses predict future moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) levels after 6 and 12 months...
December 22, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002572/activation-in-bipolar-disorders-a-systematic-review
#20
Jan Scott, Greg Murray, Chantal Henry, Gunnar Morken, Elizabeth Scott, Jules Angst, Kathleen R Merikangas, Ian B Hickie
Importance: Increased activity and energy alongside mood change are identified in the DSM-5 as cardinal symptoms of mania and hypomania. A wide range of existing research suggests that this revision may be valid, but systematic integration of the evidence has not been reported. The term activation is understood as emerging from underlying physiological change and having objective (observable motor activity) and related subjective (energy) levels. Objectives: To systematically review studies of the clinical phenomenon of activation in bipolar disorder, to determine whether activation is statistically abnormal in bipolar disorder and demonstrably distinct from mood, and to identify any significant between- and within-individual differences in the dynamics of activation...
December 21, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
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