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ecological momentary assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792067/application-of-machine-learning-to-predict-dietary-lapses-during-weight-loss
#1
Stephanie P Goldstein, Fengqing Zhang, John G Thomas, Meghan L Butryn, James D Herbert, Evan M Forman
BACKGROUND: Individuals who adhere to dietary guidelines provided during weight loss interventions tend to be more successful with weight control. Any deviation from dietary guidelines can be referred to as a "lapse." There is a growing body of research showing that lapses are predictable using a variety of physiological, environmental, and psychological indicators. With recent technological advancements, it may be possible to assess these triggers and predict dietary lapses in real time...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781662/development-and-validation-of-the-narcissistic-vulnerability-scale-an-adjective-rating-scale
#2
Michael L Crowe, Elizabeth A Edershile, Aidan G C Wright, W Keith Campbell, Donald R Lynam, Joshua D Miller
There is an ongoing debate regarding the nature of narcissism such that some argue that narcissistic individuals oscillate between grandiose and vulnerable states, whereas others argue these dimensions are stable traits (e.g., grandiose individuals remain in grandiose states). Scales sensitive to fluctuations in narcissistic states are necessary to address this question. The current study (N = 1,613 across three samples) validates the newly developed Narcissistic Vulnerability Scale (NVS), a brief (11-item) adjective-based measure of vulnerable narcissism...
May 21, 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777968/ecological-momentary-assessment-of-food-perceptions-and-eating-behavior-using-a-novel-phone-application-in-adults-with-or-without-obesity
#3
Kholoud Alabduljader, Marion Cliffe, Francesco Sartor, Gabriele Papini, W Miles Cox, Hans-Peter Kubis
We developed a smart phone application to measure participants' food-reward perceptions and eating behavior in their naturalistic environment. Intensity ratings (0 - not at all to 10 - very strongly) of perceived anticipation of food (wanting) and food enjoyment at endpoint of intake (liking) were recorded as they occurred over a period of 14 days. Moreover, food craving trait, implicit and explicit attitude towards healthy food, and body composition were assessed. 53 participants provided complete data. Participants were classified by percentage of body fat; 33 participants with lower body fat (L-group) and 20 with higher body fat (H-group; ≥25% body fat for males and ≥32% for females)...
May 12, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777110/using-network-analysis-for-the-prediction-of-treatment-dropout-in-patients-with-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-a-methodological-proof-of-concept-study
#4
Wolfgang Lutz, Brian Schwartz, Stefan G Hofmann, Aaron J Fisher, Kristin Husen, Julian A Rubel
There are large health, societal, and economic costs associated with attrition from psychological services. The recently emerged, innovative statistical tool of complex network analysis was used in the present proof-of-concept study to improve the prediction of attrition. Fifty-eight patients undergoing psychological treatment for mood or anxiety disorders were assessed using Ecological Momentary Assessments four times a day for two weeks before treatment (3,248 measurements). Multilevel vector autoregressive models were employed to compute dynamic symptom networks...
May 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771560/khat-withdrawal-symptoms-among-chronic-khat-users-following-a-quit-attempt-an-ecological-momentary-assessment-study
#5
Samson W Duresso, Raimondo Bruno, Allison J Matthews, Stuart G Ferguson
Research reports show increased prevalence of habitual khat chewing among various parts of the community in Ethiopia. Some users experience problems controlling their use; withdrawal symptoms may be adding to difficulties with reducing or ceasing use. We aimed to describe the nature and the time course of any withdrawal syndrome in relation to the cessation of khat use over the first 2 weeks of a quit attempt. Fifty-nine participants between the ages of 18 and 35 and who have already chewed ≥1 bundle of khat in their life with a chewing frequency of ≥3 days per week were recruited from Adama Science and Technology University campus...
May 2018: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767767/waking-up-on-the-wrong-side-of-the-bed-the-effects-of-stress-anticipation-on-working-memory-in-daily-life
#6
Jinshil Hyun, Martin J Sliwinski, Joshua M Smyth
Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine the association between stress anticipated for the upcoming day and cognitive function later on that day, and how this relationship differed across age. Method: A diverse adult community sample (N = 240, age 25-65 years) completed ecological momentary assessment (EMA) reports for 2 weeks on a smartphone; each day they completed a morning survey upon waking, beeped surveys at five times during a day, and an end-of-day survey...
May 15, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764803/effectiveness-of-a-combined-web-based-and-ecological-momentary-intervention-for-incoming-first-year-university-students-protocol-for-a-3-arm-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Benjamin C Riordan, Saleh Moradi, Kate B Carey, Tamlin S Conner, Kyungho Jang, Kelly E Reid, Damian Scarf
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use among university students is common, and those who drink often choose to drink heavily (ie, 4 or more drinks per session for women or 5 or more for men). Web-based interventions (WBIs), in which students complete assessments and receive personalized feedback about their alcohol use, and ecological momentary interventions (EMIs), which use mobile devices as a method of delivering intervention information, are 2 methods that have had some success in reducing alcohol use among university students...
May 15, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759960/temporal-associations-between-social-activity-and-mood-fatigue-and-pain-in-older-adults-with-hiv-an-ecological-momentary-assessment-study
#8
Emily W Paolillo, Bin Tang, Colin A Depp, Alexandra S Rooney, Florin Vaida, Christopher N Kaufmann, Brent T Mausbach, David J Moore, Raeanne C Moore
BACKGROUND: Social isolation is associated with an increased risk for mental and physical health problems, especially among older persons living with HIV (PLWH). Thus, there is a need to better understand real-time temporal associations between social activity and mood- and health-related factors in this population to inform possible future interventions. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to examine real-time relationships between social activity and mood, fatigue, and pain in a sample of older PLWH...
May 14, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737885/acceptability-and-compliance-with-a-remote-monitoring-system-to-track-smoking-and-abstinence-among-young-smokers
#9
Erin A McClure, Rachel L Tomko, Matthew J Carpenter, Frank A Treiber, Kevin M Gray
BACKGROUND: Similar to adult smokers, quit attempts among younger smokers almost inevitably result in relapse. Unlike adults, less is known about the process of relapse in this younger age group. A technology-based remote monitoring system may allow for detailed and accurate characterization of smoking and abstinence and would help to improve cessation strategies. OBJECTIVES: This study describes a mobile system that captures smoking using breath carbon monoxide (CO) and real-time self-reports of smoking behavior...
May 8, 2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735474/the-detroit-young-adult-asthma-project-proposal-for-a-multicomponent-technology-intervention-for-african-american-emerging-adults-with-asthma
#10
Karen MacDonell, Sylvie Naar, Wanda Gibson-Scipio, Jean-Marie Bruzzese, Bo Wang, Aaron Brody
BACKGROUND: Racial and ethnic minority youth have poorer asthma status than white youth, even after controlling for socioeconomic variables. Proper use of asthma controller medications is critical in reducing asthma mortality and morbidity. The clinical consequences of poor asthma management include increased illness complications, excessive functional morbidity, and fatal asthma attacks. There are significant limitations in research on interventions to improve asthma management in racial minority populations, particularly minority adolescents and young adults, although illness management tends to deteriorate after adolescence during emerging adulthood, the unique developmental period beyond adolescence but before adulthood...
May 7, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732243/emotion-regulation-predicts-everyday-emotion-experience-and-social-function-in-schizophrenia
#11
Erin K Moran, Adam J Culbreth, Deanna M Barch
While recent evidence has pointed to disturbances in emotion regulation strategy use in schizophrenia, few studies have examined how these regulation strategies relate to emotionality and social behavior in daily life. Using ecological momentary assessment (EMA), we investigated the relationship between emotion regulation, emotional experience and social interaction in the daily lives of individuals with schizophrenia. Participants (N=30) used mobile phones to complete online questionnaires reporting their daily emotional experience and social interaction...
March 2018: Clinical Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730941/emotional-reactivity-to-daily-events-in-youth-with-anxiety-disorders
#12
Joanna Herres, Nicole E Caporino, Colleen M Cummings, Philip C Kendall
BACKGROUND: Although research supports associations between anxiety and emotional reactivity in adults (Cisler, J. M., Olatunji, B. O., Feldner, M. T., & Forsyth, J. P. (2010). Emotion regulation and the anxiety disorders: an integrative review. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 32(1), 68-82.), few studies have examined emotional reactivity in anxious youth (e.g., Carthy et al., 2010; Tan, P. Z., Forbes, E. E., Dahl, R. E., Ryan, N. D., Siegle, G. J...
May 7, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722135/stopping-the-train-of-thought-a-pilot-study-using-an-ecological-momentary-intervention-with-twice-daily-exposure-to-natural-versus-urban-scenes-to-lower-stress-and-rumination
#13
Femke Beute, Yvonne A W de Kort
BACKGROUND: Stress, and specifically perseverative cognition, is considered to have considerable detrimental effects on mental and physical health. Interventions that can offer temporary stress relief could, therefore, bring considerable health benefits. Previous research has pointed to stress-reducing effects of exposure to nature after acute stressors, but has not yet investigated effects in the realm of everyday life. The present pilot study explores whether an ecological momentary intervention using exposure to natural images could be effective in lowering stress and improve mood...
May 3, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720208/smartphone-based-ecological-momentary-assessment-and-intervention-in-a-coping-focused-intervention-for-hearing-voices-savvy-study-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Imogen H Bell, Sarah F Fielding-Smith, Mark Hayward, Susan L Rossell, Michelle H Lim, John Farhall, Neil Thomas
BACKGROUND: Smartphone-based ecological momentary assessment and intervention (EMA/I) show promise for enhancing psychological treatments for psychosis. EMA has the potential to improve assessment and formulation of experiences which fluctuate day-to-day, and EMI may be used to prompt use of therapeutic strategies in daily life. The current study is an examination of these capabilities in the context of a brief, coping-focused intervention for distressing voice hearing experiences. METHODS/DESIGN: This is a rater-blinded, pilot randomised controlled trial comparing a four-session intervention in conjunction with use of smartphone EMA/I between sessions, versus treatment-as-usual...
May 2, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719923/application-of-empirical-mode-decomposition-to-mother-and-infant-physical-activity
#15
Etsuko Shimizu, Toru Nakamura, Jinhyuk Kim, Kazuhiro Yoshiuchi, Yoshiharu Yamamoto
BACKGROUND: The mutual dependencies between mother and infant circadian rhythms are important for examining disturbances of maternal circadian rhythms, which are considered substantial risk factors for the development of maternal depression during childrearing periods. OBJECTIVES: We characterized the mutual dependencies of maternal-infant circadian rhythms by an index of synchronization properties and then tested the hypothesis that such an index, specifically the instantaneous phase differences between their rhythms, is associated with maternal mental health...
May 2018: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716572/the-association-among-emotions-and-food-choices-in-first-year-college-students-using-mobile-ecological-momentary-assessments
#16
Jessica Ashurst, Irene van Woerden, Genevieve Dunton, Michael Todd, Punam Ohri-Vachaspati, Pamela Swan, Meg Bruening
BACKGROUND: Studies have examined the associations between emotions and overeating but have only rarely considered associations between emotions and specific food choices. The purpose of this secondary data analysis was to use mobile ecological momentary assessments (mEMAs) to examine associations between emotions and food choices among first-year college students living in residence halls. METHODS: Using an intensive repeated-measures design, mEMAs were used to assess concurrent emotions and food choices in a racially/ethnically diverse sample of first-year college students (n = 663)...
May 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715502/a-multimodal-investigation-of-impulsivity-as-a-moderator-of-the-relation-between-momentary-elevations-in-negative-internal-states-and-subsequent-dietary-lapses
#17
Stephanie M Manasse, Rebecca J Crochiere, Diane H Dallal, Edward W Lieber, Leah M Schumacher, Ross D Crosby, Meghan L Butryn, Evan M Forman
Suboptimal outcomes from behavioral weight loss (BWL) treatments are partially attributable to accumulated instances of non-adherence to dietary prescriptions (i.e., dietary lapses). Results identifying negative internal triggers for dietary lapses are inconsistent, potentially due to individual differences that impact how individuals respond to cues. Impulsivity is one factor that likely influences reactivity to internal states. We examined three dimensions of impulsivity (delay discounting, inhibitory control, and negative urgency) as moderators of the relation between affective and physical states and subsequent dietary lapses at the beginning of BWL...
April 28, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708385/age-differences-in-adults-daily-social-interactions-an-ecological-momentary-assessment-study
#18
Ruixue Zhaoyang, Martin J Sliwinski, Lynn M Martire, Joshua M Smyth
Prevailing research has suggested that social relationships get better with age, but this evidence has been largely based on studies with lengthy reporting intervals. Using an ecological momentary assessment approach, the present study examined age differences in several characteristics of social interactions as reported in near-real time: the frequency, quality, and partner type. Participants (N = 173) ages 20-79 years reported their social interactions at 5 random times throughout the day for 1 week. Results revealed that age was associated with higher frequency of interacting with family and lower frequency of interacting with peripheral partners...
April 30, 2018: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698739/an-ecological-momentary-assessment-of-the-effect-of-fasting-during-ramadan-on-disordered-eating-behaviors
#19
Jia Li Pauline Chia, Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Kimberly Buck, Karim Chamari, Ben Richardson, Isabel Krug
Dietary restriction contributes to disordered eating (DE) behaviors and associated cognitions. However, it is unclear how these outcomes are impacted by dietary restriction for religious purposes, such as fasting observed by Muslims during Ramadan. Using ecological momentary assessment, this study assessed the impact of Ramadan fasting on DE behaviors and correlates. Muslim participants fasting during Ramadan (n = 28) and a control group of non-fasting participants (n = 74) completed baseline measures assessing demographic characteristics and eating pathology...
April 23, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697757/daily-temporal-associations-between-physical-activity-and-symptoms-in-multiple-sclerosis
#20
Anna L Kratz, Nora E Fritz, Tiffany J Braley, Eric L Scott, Emily Foxen-Craft, Susan L Murphy
Background: Symptom severity is negatively associated with physical activity in multiple sclerosis (MS). However, it is unclear how physical activity and symptoms correlate on a day-to-day basis in persons with MS. Purpose: To determine the temporal within-person associations of pain, fatigue, depressed mood, and perceived cognitive function with physical activity in MS. Methods: Ambulatory adults with MS (N = 107) completed 7 days of home monitoring...
April 25, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
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