Read by QxMD icon Read

Professional identity formation

Tabor E Flickinger, Thomas O'Hagan, Margaret S Chisolm
BACKGROUND: As the use of social media (SM) tools becomes increasingly widespread, medical trainees need guidance on applying principles of professionalism to their online behavior. OBJECTIVE: To develop a curriculum to improve knowledge and skills regarding professionalism of SM use by medical students. METHODS: This project was conducted in 3 phases: (1) a needs assessment was performed via a survey of medical students regarding SM use, rationale for and frequency of use, and concerns; (2) a workshop-format curriculum was designed and piloted for preclinical students to gain foundational knowledge of online professionalism; and (3) a complementary longitudinal SM-based curriculum was designed and piloted for clinical students to promote both medical humanism and professionalism...
December 1, 2015: JMIR Med Educ
Charis P Kaite, Maria N Karanikola, Foteini J D Vouzavali, Anna Koutroubas, Anastasios Merkouris, Elizabeth D E Papathanassoglou
BACKGROUND: Research evidence shows that healthcare professionals do not fully comprehend the difficulty involved in problems faced by people living with severe mental illness (SMI). As a result, mental health service consumers do not show confidence in the healthcare system and healthcare professionals, a problem related to the phenomenon of adherence to therapy. Moreover, the issue of unmet needs in treating individuals living with SMI is relared to their quality of life in a negative way...
October 6, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
Benjamin Saunders, Bernadette Bartlam, Nadine E Foster, Jonathan C Hill, Vince Cooper, Joanne Protheroe
BACKGROUND: Stratified primary care involves changing General Practitioners' (GPs) clinical behaviour in treating patients, away from the current stepped care approach to instead identifying early treatment options that are matched to patients' risk of persistent disabling pain. This article explores the perspectives of UK-based GPs and patients about a prognostic stratified care model being developed for patients with the five most common primary care musculoskeletal pain presentations...
2016: BMC Family Practice
Catherine Gonsalves, Zareen Zaidi
PURPOSE: There have been critiques that competency training, which defines the roles of a physician by simple, discrete tasks or measurable competencies, can cause students to compartmentalize and focus mainly on being assessed without understanding how the interconnected competencies help shape their role as future physicians. Losing the meaning and interaction of competencies can result in a focus on 'doing the work of a physician' rather than identity formation and 'being a physician...
2016: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
Kirsty Foster, Chris Roberts
BACKGROUND: The successful development and sustaining of professional identity is critical to being a successful doctor. This study explores the enduring impact of significant early role models on the professional identity formation of senior doctors. METHODS: Personal Interview Narratives were derived from the stories told by twelve senior doctors as they recalled accounts of people and events from the past that shaped their notions of being a doctor. Narrative inquiry methodology was used to explore and analyse video recording and transcript data from interviews...
August 16, 2016: BMC Medical Education
Sung-Hyun Hwang, Frank Thielbeer, Jiyoung Jeong, Youngju Han, Sunay V Chankeshwara, Mark Bradley, Wan-Seob Cho
Knowledge that links the physicochemical properties of nanoparticles (NP) to their toxicity is key to evaluating and understanding mechanisms underlying toxicity and developing appropriate testing methods for NP; however, this is currently limited since only a small set of NP have been used, with typically poor control of their physical properties. In this study, eight types of polystyrene NP (PLNP) were synthesized with different functional groups, but all based on an identical core. In vitro cell-based assays were performed to determine the influence of changes in physicochemical properties, such as charge, hydrodynamic size, and protein binding potential, in relation to NP-mediated toxicity...
2016: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
Salman Y Guraya, Shaista S Guraya, Nehal Anam Mahabbat, Khulood Yahya Fallatah, Bashaer Ahmad Al-Ahmadi, Hadeel Hadi Alalawi
Due to the multi-dimensional characteristics of professionalism, no single assessment modality has shown to reliably assess professionalism. This review aims to describe some of the popular assessment tools that are being used to assess professionalism with a view to formulate a framework of assessment of professionalism in medicine. In December 2015, the online research databases of MEDLINE, the Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC), Elton Bryson Stephens Company (EBSCO), SCOPUS, OVID and PsychINFO were searched for full-text English language articles published during 2000 to 2015...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Seán Kelleher, Serena FitzGerald, Josephine Hegarty
BACKGROUND: Future health care professionals need to be broadly-educated, adaptable individuals who have significant experience in the world beyond the classroom. Study abroad is an ideal means of developing some of the skills and attitudes that are not only valued among health professionals, but also have global applicability. Although internationalisation through study abroad is widely publicised as a preferred means of developing globally competent third level graduates very little is known about the factors that influence students' predisposition to study abroad, students decision making process and how various factors influence that process...
September 2016: Nurse Education Today
Stefani Pfeiffer, Yuchia Chen, Duujian Tsai
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The article reviews the most recent developments in integrating humanities into medical education. Global implications and future trends are illustrated. RECENT FINDINGS: The main concern of medical humanities education is teaching professionalism; one important aspect that has emerged is the goal of nurturing emotion through reflexivity. Relating effectively to all stakeholders and being sensitive to inequitable power dynamics are essential for professional social accountability in modern medical contexts...
September 2016: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
Elizabeth Armitage-Chan, Martin Whiting
For a constructively aligned curriculum in veterinary professionalism, there is a need for well-designed higher order learning outcomes to support students' professional identity formation. A lack of uniformly accepted definitions of veterinary professionalism necessitates the defining and refining of current concepts of professionalism to inform teaching and assessment. A potential method for achieving such learning outcomes is to generate these from simulated professionalism teaching scenarios. A workshop was designed in which veterinary educators used role play to resolve a professional dilemma...
July 12, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
R Pekmezaris, R M Schwartz, T N Taylor, P DiMarzio, C N Nouryan, L Murray, G McKenzie, D Ahern, S Castillo, K Pecinka, L Bauer, T Orona, A N Makaryus
BACKGROUND: The use of telemonitoring is a promising approach to optimizing outcomes in the treatment of heart failure (HF) for patients living in the community. HF telemonitoring interventions, however, have not been tested for use with individuals residing in disparity communities. METHODS: The current study describes the results of a community based participatory research approach to adapting a telemonitoring HF intervention so that it is acceptable and feasible for use with a lower-income, Black and Hispanic patient population...
2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
Lydia de Lasson, Eva Just, Nikolaj Stegeager, Bente Malling
BACKGROUND: The transition from student to medical doctor is challenging and stressful to many junior doctors. To practice with confidence and professionalism the junior doctors have to develop a strong professional identity. Various suggestions on how to facilitate formation of professional identity have been offered including the possible positive effect of group-coaching courses. The purpose of this study was to explore how group-coaching might facilitate professional identity formation among junior doctors in the transition period...
2016: BMC Medical Education
Carey Mather, Elizabeth Cummings, Linda Nichols
The growth of social media use has led to tension affecting the perception of professionalism of nurses in healthcare environments. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to explore first and final year undergraduate student use of social media to understand how it was utilised by them during their course. Descriptive statistical analysis was undertaken to compare differences between first and final year student use. No difference indicated there was a lack of development in the use of social media, particularly concerning in relation to expanding their professional networks...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Sally Sargeant, Michelle McLean, Patricia Green, Patricia Johnson
In their journey to becoming doctors, students engage with a range of teachers and trainers. Among these are simulated patients (SPs), who, through role-playing, assist students to develop their communication and physical examination skills, in contexts of formative and summative assessments. This paper explores the teaching and learning relationship between medical students and SPs, and considers how this might affect feedback and assessment. 14 SPs were interviewed on the subject of medical students' professional identity development in 2014...
June 8, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
Sally Warmington, Geoffrey McColl
Professional identity formation is acknowledged as one of the fundamental tasks of contemporary medical education. Identity is a social phenomenon, constructed through participation in everyday activities and an integral part of every learning interaction. In this paper we report from an Australian ethnographic study into how medical students and patients use narrative to construct their identities. The dialogic narrative analysis employed focused on the production of meaning through the use of language devices in a given context, and the juxtaposition of multiple perspectives...
May 27, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
Charlotte K Sortedahl, Hannah Imhoff
Leadership is a vital component of nurses' careers and baccalaureate nursing programs are required to include leadership competencies in undergraduate nursing education. To design learning experiences that emphasize professional identity formation, nurse leaders were invited as guest speakers in a senior-level didactic leadership course, but scheduling often interfered with participation. To inspire students and maximize nurse leaders' time, recorded video was investigated as a solution. Following videotaped interviews with nurse leaders, a 10-minute video was produced and shown to students in a nursing leadership course...
March 2016: Nursing Education Perspectives
Emily K Marko, Fidelma Rigby, Kelsey Nieves, Callum Potts
INTRODUCTION: Professional identity formation is a critical competency for medical students. The study objective was to determine the effectiveness of using a reflective assignment in the obstetrics and gynecology clerkship to enhance medical student professional development. METHODS: Over a 2 year period, medical students completed a reflective assignment of their experiences in obstetrics and gynecology and received feedback to guide reflective capacity. A validated analytic rubric with high inter-rater agreement was used to assess levels of critical reflection including respect for the patient, understanding of physician's limitations, analysis of personal emotions, and professional growth...
May 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Mirabelle Sajisevi, Reason Wilken, Walter T Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
David M Irby, Stanley J Hamstra
Current controversies in medical education associated with professionalism, including disagreements about curriculum, pedagogy, and assessment, are rooted in part in the differing frameworks that are used to address professionalism. Three dominant frameworks, which have evolved in the medical education community, are described. The oldest framework is virtue based and focuses on the inner habits of the heart, the development of moral character and reasoning, plus humanistic qualities of caring and compassion: The good physician is a person of character...
April 26, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Samantha E Ashby, Jessica Adler, Lisa Herbert
BACKGROUND/AIM: The successful development and maintenance of professional identity is associated with professional development and retention in the health workforce. This paper explores students' perspectives on the ways pre-entry experiences and curricula content shape professional identity. METHODS: An online cross-sectional survey was sent to students enrolled in the final year of entry-level programmes in five countries. Descriptive statistical analyses of data were completed...
August 2016: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"