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Professional identity formation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176087/in-pursuit-of-educational-integrity-professional-identity-formation-in-the-harvard-medical-school-cambridge-integrated-clerkship
#1
Elizabeth Gaufberg, David Bor, Perry Dinardo, Edward Krupat, Elizabeth Pine, Barbara Ogur, David A Hirsh
Graduates of Harvard Medical School's Cambridge Integrated Clerkship (CIC) describe several core processes that may underlie professional identity formation (PIF): encouragement to integrate pre-professional and professional identities; support for learner autonomy in discovering meaningful roles and responsibilities; learning through caring relationships; and a curriculum and an institutional culture that make values explicit. The authors suggest that the benefits of educational integrity accrue when idealistic learners inhabit an educational model that aligns with their own core values, and when professional development occurs in the context of an institutional home that upholds these values...
2017: Perspectives in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132340/what-do-japanese-residents-learn-from-treating-dying-patients-the-implications-for-training-in-end-of-life-care
#2
Kazuko Arai, Takuya Saiki, Rintaro Imafuku, Chihiro Kawakami, Kazuhiko Fujisaki, Yasuyuki Suzuki
BACKGROUND: How medical residents' experiences with care for dying patients affect their emotional well-being, their learning outcomes, and the formation of their professional identities is not fully understood. We examine residents' emotional states and learning occurring during the provision of care to dying patients and specifically discuss the impact of providing end-of-life (EOL) care on professional identity formation. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 13 residents who had graduated in the last 3 to 5 years...
November 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121902/online-or-face-to-face-instruction-a-qualitative-study-on-the-electrocardiogram-course-at-the-university-of-ulm-to-examine-why-students-choose-a-particular-format
#3
Oliver Keis, Claudia Grab, Achim Schneider, Wolfgang Öchsner
BACKGROUND: Since the introduction of the e-learning electrocardiogram (ECG) course 'ECG Online' into the curriculum at the University of Ulm, a small but relatively constant number of students have decided not to participate in the online course but to attend the face-to-face course, although the content of both courses is identical. The present study examined why students prefer one format or the other. METHODS: In a qualitative research approach, ten medical students were questioned in a guided interview...
November 9, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116978/-you-re-not-trying-to-save-somebody-from-death-learning-as-becoming-in-palliative-care
#4
Frances Kilbertus, Rola Ajjawi, Douglas B Archibald
PURPOSE: Learning can be conceptualized as a process of "becoming," considering individuals, workplace participation, and professional identity formation. How postgraduate trainees learn palliative care, encompassing technical competence, compassion, and empathy, is not well understood or explained by common conceptualizations of learning as "acquisition" and "participation." Learning palliative care, a practice that has been described as a cultural shift in medicine challenging the traditional role of curing and healing, provided the context to explore learning as "becoming...
November 7, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068821/who-am-i-and-who-do-i-strive-to-be-applying-a-theory-of-self-conscious-emotions-to-medical-education
#5
William E Bynum, Anthony R Artino
The self-conscious emotions of shame, guilt, and pride are a distinct set of cognitively complex, powerful, and ubiquitous emotions that arise when an individual engages in self-evaluation. Currently, little is known about the influence or outcomes of self-conscious emotions in medical learners. In this article, the authors present a leading theory of self-conscious emotions that outlines the appraisals and attributions that give rise to and differentiate shame, guilt, and two forms of pride. The authors then apply the theory to three relevant topics in medical education: perfectionism, professional identity formation, and motivation...
October 24, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066605/evaluation-of-performance-and-perceptions-of-electronic-vs-paper-multiple-choice-exams
#6
Shannon Washburn, James Herman, Randolph Stewart
In the veterinary professional curriculum, methods of examination in many courses are transitioning from the traditional paper-based exams to electronic-based exams. Therefore, a controlled trial to evaluate the impact of testing methodology on examination performance in a veterinary physiology course was designed and implemented. Formalized surveys and focus group discussions were also used to determine student attitudes toward the examination formats. In total, 134 first-year veterinary students and 11 PhD/MS students were administered a total of 4 exams throughout 1 semester (2 on paper and 2 electronically) using a split-halves design...
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991846/a-multi-institutional-longitudinal-faculty-development-program-in-humanism-supports-the-professional-development-of-faculty-teachers
#7
William T Branch, Richard M Frankel, Janet P Hafler, Amy B Weil, MaryAnn C Gilligan, Debra K Litzelman, Margaret Plews-Ogan, Elizabeth A Rider, Lars G Osterberg, Dana Dunne, Natalie B May, Arthur R Derse
The authors describe the first 11 academic years (2005-2006 through 2016-2017) of a longitudinal, small-group faculty development program for strengthening humanistic teaching and role modeling at 30 U.S. and Canadian medical schools that continues today. During the yearlong program, small groups of participating faculty met twice monthly with a local facilitator for exercises in humanistic teaching, role modeling, and related topics that combined narrative reflection with skills training using experiential learning techniques...
October 3, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956978/coping-teenagers-undergoing-stoma-formation
#8
Jenny Williams
Stoma-forming surgery can raise a number of challenges for patients of any age, including psychosocial impact, altered body image and altered body function. Adolescents may experience additional challenges as they are already adapting to changes in body image and personal identity while striving for independence. Healthcare professionals supporting adolescents with stomas need to have awareness of specific issues that may be encountered and the support required to aid and promote coping and adjustment. This case study considers adolescents coping and adjusting to living with a stoma and the role of the Stoma Care Clinical Nurse Specialist...
September 28, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953569/description-and-early-outcomes-of-a-comprehensive-curriculum-redesign-at-the-northwestern-university-feinberg-school-of-medicine
#9
Heather L Heiman, Celia L O'Brien, Raymond H Curry, Marianne M Green, James F Baker, Robert F Kushner, John X Thomas, Thomas C Corbridge, Julia F Corcoran, Joshua M Hauser, Patricia M Garcia
In 2012, the Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine launched a redesigned curriculum addressing the four primary recommendations in the 2010 Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching report on reforming medical education. This new curriculum provides a more standardized evaluation of students' competency achievement through a robust portfolio review process coupled with standard evaluations of medical knowledge and clinical skills. It individualizes learning processes through curriculum flexibility, enabling students to take electives earlier and complete clerkships in their preferred order...
September 26, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890922/concept-and-benefits-of-the-inverted-classroom-method-for-a-competency-based-biochemistry-course-in-the-pre-clinical-stage-of-a-human-medicine-course-of-studies
#10
Susanne J Kühl, Matthias Toberer, Oliver Keis, Daniel Tolks, Martin R Fischer, Michael Kühl
Background: Medical students often have a problem recognising the relevance of basic science subjects for their later professional work in the pre-clinical stage of their studies. This can lead to a lower motivation to learn biochemical content and dissatisfaction in the courses amongst the students. Alternative teaching methods such as the Inverted Classroom (IC) method can address this deficiency. The goal of this study was: to analyse the motivation and satisfaction of the students in a biochemistry seminar through the use of the e-learning-based IC method, to investigate the acceptance against the IC teaching method in biochemistry, and to compare the learning success achieved using the IC approach with that of a traditional course...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877035/academic-medicine-and-medical-professionalism-a-legacy-and-a-portal-into-an-evolving-field-of-educational-scholarship
#11
Frederic W Hafferty
In this Invited Commentary, the author examines two curated Academic Medicine volumes showcasing foundational research and key writings on professionalism in medicine and medical education, collectively spanning from 1994 to 2016. The author reviews the beginnings of the medical professionalism movement and examines how the trends and themes reflected in the first volume-specifically the work to define, assess, and institutionalize professionalism-capture key elements in this movement. He then examines how the trends and themes in the second volume align with and build on those from the first, noting two themes that extend across a number of second volume articles: a unit-of-analysis issue and the challenge of context...
September 5, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870024/personal-professional-identity-formation-through-interprofessional-learning-and-early-patient-encounter-during-preclinical-years
#12
Leo Brandt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835270/coming-back-from-the-edge-a-qualitative-study-of-a-professional-support-unit-for-junior-doctors
#13
Elaine Wainwright, Fiona Fox, Tailte Breffni, Gordon Taylor, Michael O'Connor
BACKGROUND: It is known that many trainee doctors around the world experience work satisfaction but also considerable work stress in the training period. Such stress seems to be linked to multiple factors including workload, level of support and growing cultural inculcation into unwillingness to show any personal or professional weakness. In the United Kingdom, junior doctors are qualified medical practitioners who have gained a degree in Medicine and are now working while training to become a specialist (consultant) or a general practitioner...
August 23, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798011/the-use-of-facebook-advertising-for-communicating-public-health-messages-a-campaign-against-drinking-during-pregnancy-in-new-zealand
#14
Mathew Parackal, Sherly Parackal, Shobhit Eusebius, Damien Mather
BACKGROUND: Social media is gaining recognition as a platform for delivering public health messages. One area attracting attention from public health researchers and professionals is Facebook's advertising channel. This channel is reported to have a broad reach and generate high user engagement with the disseminated campaign materials. However, to date, no study has examined the communication process via this channel which this study aimed to address. OBJECTIVE: The specific objectives of the study were to (1) examine user engagement for a public health campaign based on the metadata provided by Facebook, (2) analyze comments generated by the campaign materials using text mining, and (3) investigate the relationship between the themes identified in the comments and the message and the sentiments prevalent in the themes that exhibited significant relationships...
August 10, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747204/just-fun-or-a-prejudice-physician-stereotypes-in-common-jokes-and-their-attribution-to-medical-specialties-by-undergraduate-medical-students
#15
Sigrid Harendza, Martin Pyra
BACKGROUND: Many jokes exist about stereotypical attributes of physicians in various specialties, which could lead to prejudices against physicians from a specific specialty. It is unknown whether and when medical students are aware of stereotypes about different specialties. The goal of this study was to analyze the degree of stereotypes that exist about medical specialties amongst undergraduate medical students at different stages of their education. METHODS: One hundred fifty-two jokes with different content about attributes of physicians from different specialties were found by an internet search...
July 26, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734485/the-power-of-nursing-an-innovative-course-in-values-clarification-and-self-discovery
#16
Lisa Day, Scott R Ziehm, Martha A Jessup, Pattie Amedro, Carol Dawson-Rose, Anne Derouin, Betsy Babb Kennedy, Sally Manahan, Abby Luck Parish, Rachel Naomi Remen
Teaching for a practice is more than the dissemination of knowledge and information to the learner. Professional nursing education requires teachers to facilitate students' self-reflection and awareness and assimilation of core professional and personal values in order for the new nurse to anchor and internalize these values as part of a professional identity. To achieve this, nursing educators recognize the importance of learning opportunities centered in the affective domain and the importance of teaching for professional formation that supports nursing students' commitment to the values of their chosen community of practice...
July 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723302/why-use-group-visits-for-opioid-use-disorder-treatment-in-primary-care-a-patient-centered-qualitative-study
#17
Randi Sokol, Chiara Albanese, Deviney Chaponis, Jessica Early, George Maxted, Diana Morrill, Grace Poirier, Fran Puopolo, Zev Schuman-Olivier
BACKGROUND: Primary care providers are well positioned to respond to the opioid crisis by providing buprenorphine/naloxone (B/N) through shared medical appointments (SMA). While quantitative research has been previously conducted on SMAs with B/N, we conducted a qualitative assessment from the patients' point of view, considering whether and how group visits provide value for patients. METHODS: Twenty-five participants with opioid use disorder (OUD) who were enrolled in a weekly B/N group visit at a family medicine clinic participated in either of two one-hour-long focus groups, which were conducted as actual group visits...
July 19, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722553/travelling-models-and-the-challenge-of-pragmatic-contexts-and-practical-norms-the-case-of-maternal-health
#18
REVIEW
Jean-Pierre Olivier de Sardan, Aïssa Diarra, Mahaman Moha
As in other areas of international development, we are witnessing the proliferation of 'traveling models' developed by international experts and introduced in an almost identical format across numerous countries to improve some aspect of maternal health systems in low- and middle-income countries. These policies and protocols are based on 'miracle mechanisms' that have been taken out of their original context but are believed to be intrinsically effective in light of their operational devices.In reality, standardised interventions are, in Africa and elsewhere, confronted with pragmatic implementation contexts that are always varied and specific, and which lead to drifts, distortions, dismemberments and bypasses...
July 12, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713766/comparative-evaluation-of-antiplaque-efficacy-between-essential-oils-with-alcohol-based-and-chlorhexidine-with-nonalcohol-based-mouthrinses
#19
Prasad Kulkarni, Dhirendra Kumar Singh, Mohamed Jalaluddin, Arnab Mandal
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to compare the antiplaque efficacy of alcohol-based mouthwash with essential oils and nonalcohol-based chlorhexidine mouthrinse in 4 days plaque re-formation study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The current research paper is double-blinded, parallel designed clinical trial that was conducted in the Department of Periodontics and Oral Implantology, Kalinga Institute of Dental Sciences, Bhubaneswar. This included ninety dental students of Bachelor of Dental Surgery curriculum (in the age range from 20 to 24 years) Professional cleaning with scaling and polishing was carried out to acquire a zero plaque and gingival index (GI) for all ninety patients at baseline...
June 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603505/adolescent-girls-stem-identity-formation-and-media-images-of-stem-professionals-considering-the-influence-of-contextual-cues
#20
REVIEW
Jocelyn Steinke
Popular media have played a crucial role in the construction, representation, reproduction, and transmission of stereotypes of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) professionals, yet little is known about how these stereotypes influence STEM identity formation. Media images of STEM professionals may be important sources of information about STEM and may be particularly salient and relevant for girls during adolescence as they actively consider future personal and professional identities...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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