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Professional identity formation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608109/what-experiences-in-medical-school-trigger-professional-identity-development
#1
Denise Kay, Andrea Berry, Nicholas A Coles
Phenomenon: This qualitative inquiry used conceptual change theory as a theoretical lens to illuminate experiences in medical school that trigger professional identity formation. According to conceptual change theory, changes in personal conceptualizations are initiated when cognitive disequilibrium is introduced. We sought to identify the experiences that trigger cognitive disequilibrium and to subsequently describe students' perceptions of self-in-profession prior to the experience; the nature of the experience; and, when applicable, the outcomes of the experience...
April 2, 2018: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596082/transformative-learning-and-professional-identity-formation-during-international-health-electives-a-qualitative-study-using-grounded-theory
#2
Adam P Sawatsky, Hannah C Nordhues, Stephen P Merry, M Usmaan Bashir, Frederic W Hafferty
PURPOSE: International health electives (IHEs) are widely available during residency and provide unique experiences for trainees. Theoretical models of professional identity formation and transformative learning may provide insight into residents' experiences during IHEs. The purpose of this study was to explore transformative learning and professional identity formation during resident IHEs and characterize the relationship between transformative learning and professional identity formation...
March 27, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593371/the-ties-that-bind-materiality-identity-and-the-life-course-in-the-things-families-keep
#3
Liz Gloyn, Vicky Crewe, Laura King, Anna Woodham
Using an interdisciplinary research methodology across three archaeological and historical case studies, this article explores "family archives." Four themes illustrate how objects held in family archives, curation practices, and intergenerational narratives reinforce a family's sense of itself: people-object interactions, gender, socialization and identity formation, and the "life course." These themes provide a framework for professional archivists to assist communities and individuals working with their own family archives...
April 2018: Journal of Family History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579567/caring-characters-and-professional-identity-among-graduate-nursing-students-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Yu-Jie Guo, Lei Yang, Hai-Xia Ji, Qiao Zhao
BACKGROUND: Caring is recognized as the essence of nursing and the core of nursing practice while a positive professional identity can lead to personal, social and professional fulfillment. Analyzing caring characters and professional identity yields important indications for the improvement of teaching methods. This study aims to explore the graduate nursing students' professional identity and caring characters in China, and analyze their correlation. METHOD: A descriptive cross-sectional study was used to collect data from 216 graduate nursing students between January and February 2017 in China...
March 3, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532346/it-s-all-about-relationships-a-qualitative-study-of-family-physicians-teaching-experiences-in-rural-longitudinal-clerkships
#5
Cary Cuncic, Glenn Regehr, Heather Frost, Joanna Bates
INTRODUCTION: The relationship between preceptor and trainee is becoming recognized as a critical component of teaching, in particular in the negotiation of feedback and in the formation of professional identity. This paper elaborates on the nature of the relationships between preceptor and student that evolve in the context of rural longitudinal integrated clerkships (LICs). METHODS: We drew on constructivist grounded theory for the research approach. We interviewed nine LIC family practice preceptors from three sites at one educational institution...
March 12, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502751/media-engagement-and-identity-formation-among-minority-youth
#6
REVIEW
Amy Mayhew, Paul Weigle
Clinicians who work with youth should understand how they engage with screen media, including differences between ethnic groups, and how to maximize its positive potential and minimize negative consequences. This article presents data summarizing patterns of media use by youth, with an emphasis on European Americans, African Americans, and Hispanic Americans. The authors explain how identity formation and social identity theory relate to online influences, benefits, and risks of online engagement, including those specific to minority populations...
April 2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485480/time-variable-training-in-medicine-theoretical-considerations
#7
Olle Ten Cate, Larry D Gruppen, Jennifer R Kogan, Lorelei A Lingard, Pim W Teunissen
The introduction of competency-based medical education has shifted thinking from a fixed-time model to one stressing attained competencies, independent of the time needed to arrive at those competencies. In this article, the authors explore theoretical and conceptual issues related to time variability in medical training, starting with the Carroll model from the 1960s that put time in the equation of learning. They discuss mastery learning, deliberate practice, and learning curves.While such behaviorist theories apply well to structured courses and highly structured training settings, learning in the clinical workplace is not well captured in such theories or in the model that Carroll proposed...
March 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484713/what-trainees-grapple-with-a-study-of-threshold-concepts-on-the-medicine-ward
#8
Chirag Bhat, Sarah Burm, Tricia Mohan, Saad Chahine, Mark Goldszmidt
OBJECTIVES: Socialisation theories of professional identity formation (PIF) consider clinical rotations to be critically intense transformative experiences. However, few studies have explored what trainees grapple with during these transformative experiences or their influence on performance. Applying a threshold concepts (TCs) lens, this study investigates and documents 'troublesome' and 'transformative' concepts that junior trainees may encounter during a clinical rotation. Insights gained are essential for supporting trainee development...
February 27, 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477288/facing-the-guilt-and-commemorating-the-victims-german-radiology-and-radiation-oncology-during-national-socialism
#9
Franziska Eckert, Paul Weindling, Astrid Ley, Hans-Joachim Lang, Sascha Lang, Gabriele Moser
Whereas the scientific community is aware of atrocities committed by medical doctors like Mengele, the specifics of radiology and radiation oncology during National Socialism remain largely unknown. Starting in 2010, the German Radiology Association and the German Association of Radiation Oncology coordinated a national project looking into original archival material. A national committee convened in 2013 to discuss the project's findings, which were also the subject of a symposium at the University of Tuebingen in 2016 on radiology under National Socialism...
February 21, 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465448/learning-through-boundary-crossing-professional-identity-formation-of-clinical-pharmacists-transitioning-to-general-practice-in-the-netherlands
#10
Ankie C M Hazen, Esther de Groot, Antoinette A de Bont, Simone de Vocht, Johan J de Gier, Marcel L Bouvy, Niek J de Wit, Dorien L M Zwart
PURPOSE: To unravel boundary crossing as it relates to professional identity formation in pharmacists transitioning from a community pharmacy to working as nondispensing clinical pharmacists in general practice, with the aim of optimizing their education. METHOD: A multiple case study, including two-stage interviews, peer feedback, and individual reflection, that collected data in 2014 and 2015 from eight clinical pharmacists working in general practice in The Netherlands...
February 20, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453732/the-influence-of-postgraduate-qualifications-on-educational-identity-formation-of-healthcare-professionals
#11
Ahsan Sethi, Susie Schofield, Sean McAleer, Rola Ajjawi
Demand for postgraduate qualifications in medical education can be judged by the increase in providers worldwide over the last two decades. However, research into the impact of such courses on identity formation of healthcare professionals is limited. This study investigates the influence of such programmes on graduates' educational identities, practices and career progression. Informed by constructivist grounded theory (CGT), semi-structured interviews were conducted with 27 graduates (2008-2012) from one postgraduate programme, who were at different stages in their careers worldwide...
February 16, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444389/anatomy-integration-effective-change-or-change-of-affect
#12
Rebecca S Hartley, Gary A Smith, Martina J Rosenberg
Anatomy is fundamental to clinical practice, is considered a rite of passage in becoming a physician and is key to professional identity formation. The anatomy course that began the medical curriculum at the University of New Mexico School of Medicine was recently dissolved to address content and process gaps in the pre-clinical curriculum. Anatomy was integrated into the organ system blocks to make room for new courses to address content gaps. Previous reports of anatomy integration document more positive attitudes and perceptions to teaching anatomy in context, as compared to an independent course...
February 14, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442206/thrown-into-the-world-of-independent-practice-from-unexpected-uncertainty-to-new-identities
#13
Brett Schrewe
One of the most exciting yet stressful times in a physician's life is transitioning from supervised training into independent practice. The majority of literature devoted to this topic has focused upon a perceived gap between clinical and non-clinical skills and interventions taken to address it. Building upon recent streams of scholarship in identity formation and adaptation to new contexts, this work uses a Heideggerian perspective to frame an autoethnographical exploration of the author's transition into independent paediatric practice...
February 13, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377778/bio-psycho-social-spiritual-needs-of-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-life-threatening-illnesses-implications-for-social-work-practice
#14
Emily Beerbower, Drew Winters, David Kondrat
This paper explores the biopsychosocial and spiritual needs of adolescents and young adults (AYA) with life-threatening or terminal illnesses. AYA are situated between childhood and adulthood (ages 15-25) and have distinct biopsychosocial and spiritual needs unique to their developmental stage. Having a life-threatening or terminal illness directly challenges normal AYA developmental tasks and identity formation. AYA experience more troubling physical symptoms during the dying process compared to other age groups, which leads to significant psychological distress and an increased need for pharmacological treatments...
April 2018: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367778/design-and-implementation-of-a-professional-development-course-series
#15
Beth Welch, Joshua J Spooner, Kim Tanzer, Matthew R Dintzner
Objective. To design and implement a longitudinal course series focused on professional development and professional identity formation in pharmacy students at Western New England University. Methods. A four-year, theme-based course series was designed to sequentially and longitudinally impart the values, attributes, and characteristics of a professional pharmacist. Requirements of the course include: goal planning and reflective assignments, submission of "Best Works," attendance at professional meetings, completion of service hours, annual completion of a Pharmacy Professionalism Instrument, attendance at Dean's Seminar, participation in roundtable discussions, and maintenance of an electronic portfolio...
December 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364744/what-did-first-year-students-experience-during-their-interprofessional-education-a-qualitative-analysis-of-e-portfolios
#16
Rintaro Imafuku, Ryuta Kataoka, Hiroshi Ogura, Hisayoshi Suzuki, Megumi Enokida, Keitaro Osakabe
Interprofessional collaboration is an essential approach to comprehensive patient care. As previous studies have argued, interprofessional education (IPE) must be integrated in a stepwise, systematic manner in undergraduate health profession education programmes. Given this perspective, first-year IPE is a critical opportunity for building the foundation of interprofessional collaborative practice. This study aims to explore the first-year students' learning processes and the longitudinal changes in their perceptions of learning in a year-long IPE programme...
May 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344524/the-professionalization-of-iranian-hospital-social-workers
#17
Maliheh Khalvati, Hossein Fekrazad, Maryam Rafatjah, Leila Ostadhashemi, Hamid Reza Khankeh
Introduction: Identity is formed through our understanding of ourselves and what others perceive of our actions and how we do things. Formation of professional identity includes development, advancement and socialization through social learning of specific knowledge and skills obtained within the context of professional roles, new attitudes and values. Methods: This qualitative study used content analysis approach to explain the professionalization process of 22 social workers working in 14 public hospitals in Tehran based on their experiences...
January 2018: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305820/authoring-the-identity-of-learner-before-doctor-in-the-figured-world-of-medical-school
#18
Evangeline Stubbing, Esther Helmich, Jennifer Cleland
INTRODUCTION: Students enter the 'figured world' of medical school with preconceptions of what it means to be a doctor. The meeting of these early preconceptions and their newly developing identities can create emotional tensions. The aim of this study was to advance our understanding of how such tensions were experienced and managed. Using figured worlds as a theoretical framework we explored students' interactions of preconceptions with their newly developing professional identities in their first year at medical school...
February 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300123/developing-successful-social-support-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis-of-mechanisms-and-processes-in-a-chronic-pain-support-group
#19
Katherine A Finlay, Sue Peacock, James Elander
OBJECTIVE: The experience of long-term membership of a successful chronic pain support group (CPSG) was explored to identify; (i) factors associated with social support, and; (ii) ways that health care professionals (HCPs) could help CPSGs become more effective and supportive. DESIGN: Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis enabled exploration of participants' experiences of membership and rationales for continued attendance. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Twelve participants (four males, eight females), recruited from a regional CPSG, completed semi-structured interviews lasting from 45 to 120 minutes...
January 4, 2018: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261613/two-year-institution-part-time-nurse-faculty-experiences-during-role-transition-and-identity-development-a-phenomenological-study
#20
Rhoda A Owens
AIM: This study explored two-year institution part-time nurse faculty's perceptions of their experiences during their role transitions from nurses in clinical practice to part-time clinical instructors. BACKGROUND: Part-time nurse faculty enter academia as expert clinicians, but most have little or no training in the pedagogy of effective student learning. METHOD: A phenomenological study was used to explore the faculty role transition experiences...
January 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
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