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Professional identity development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778713/concluding-commentary-on-current-trends-to-enhance-the-clinical-safety-of-pediatric-transfusion-focusing-on-prevention-of-untoward-complications-of-hsc-transplantation-newer-strategies-for-improving-the-standards-of-safety-quality-of-stem-cells-expansion-for
#1
REVIEW
Irena Sniecinski, Jerard Seghatchian
Clinical practice and related diagnostic, development and research [DDR] strategies in pediatric transfusion and transplantation cover a broad range of multidisciplinary studies, performed by many professionals involved in this most challenging clinical field [1]. This commentary on the current position and future perspectives in pediatric transfusion field is aimed to highlight major unresolved transfusion complications in pediatric patients, namely red blood cell and platelet alloimmunisation, and new ones such as nosocomial infection, thrombosis and multi-organ failure...
May 16, 2018: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764267/clinical-narratives-in-residency-education-exploration-of-the-learning-process
#2
Jennifer A Furze, Bruce H Greenfield, J B Barr, Kathleen Geist, Judith Gale, Gail M Jensen
BACKGROUND: Post-professional residency educational programs aim to advance the knowledge and skills of therapists in a clinical specialty area, however, little is known about the process, outcomes, or effectiveness of residency education. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to use narrative as a teaching and learning tool to gain insight into the progressive development of the residents' learning process. DESIGN: Qualitative methods including a retrospective analysis of residents' narratives were used to explore the professional development and thought process of residents...
May 15, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753624/a-critical-review-and-analysis-of-ethical-issues-associated-with-the-artificial-pancreas
#3
REVIEW
A Quintal, V Messier, R Rabasa-Lhoret, E Racine
The artificial pancreas combines a hormone infusion pump with a continuous glucose ontinuous glucose monitoring, supported by a dosing algorithm currently installed on the pump. It allows for dynamic infusions of insulin (and possibly other hormones such as glucagon) tailored to patient needs. For patients with type 1 diabetes the artificial pancreas has been shown to prevent more effectively hypoglycaemic events and hyperglycaemia than insulin pump therapy and has the potential to simplify care. However, the potential ethical issues associated with the upcoming integration of the artificial pancreas into clinical practice have not yet been discussed...
April 25, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752859/shifts-in-nursing-and-medical-student-s-attitudes-beliefs-and-behaviours-about-interprofessional-work-an-interprofessional-placement-in-ambulatory-care
#4
Karla Seaman, Rosemary Saunders, Helen Dugmore, Claire Tobin, Rachel Singer, Fiona Lake
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To examine students' beliefs, behaviours and attitudes in relation to interprofessional socialisation, and their expectations and experience, before and after a two-week clinical placement in ambulatory care. BACKGROUND: Interprofessional clinical placements for students are important for developing an understanding of interprofessional collaboration and identity, for the benefit of patient care. Ambulatory care environment involves collaborative management of complex chronic problems...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752850/role-modelling-and-the-hidden-curriculum-new-graduate-nurses-professional-socialisation
#5
Kiri Hunter, Catherine Cook
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore new graduate nurses' experiences of professional socialisation by registered nurses in hospital-based practice settings, and identify strategies that support professional identity development. BACKGROUND: Professionalism is reinforced and stabilised in the clinical environment through the 'hidden curriculum', with major learning coming from practice role-models. New graduates observe attitudes, behaviours, decision-making and skills, and gain feedback from registered nurses, which they translate into their own practice...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751291/shame-and-avoidance-as-barriers-in-midwives-communication-about-body-weight-with-pregnant-women-a-qualitative-interview-study
#6
Anne Christenson, Eva Johansson, Signy Reynisdottir, Jarl Torgerson, Erik Hemmingsson
INTRODUCTION: Excessive gestational weight gain, regardless of initial BMI, is associated with perinatal risks for both mother and offspring and contributes to obesity in women. Studies report that healthcare professionals find it difficult to communicate about weight and pregnant women perceive healthcare professionals as unconcerned, leaving many women uninformed about weight recommendations and risks. We aimed to explore how midwives approach communication about gestational weight gain recommendations, and to characterize communication barriers and facilitators...
April 26, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749849/a-faculty-professional-development-model-that-improves-student-learning-encourages-active-learning-instructional-practices-and-works-for-faculty-at-multiple-institutions
#7
Karen N Pelletreau, Jennifer K Knight, Paula P Lemons, Jill S McCourt, John E Merrill, Ross H Nehm, Luanna B Prevost, Mark Urban-Lurain, Michelle K Smith
Helping faculty develop high-quality instruction that positively affects student learning can be complicated by time limitations, a lack of resources, and inexperience using student data to make iterative improvements. We describe a community of 16 faculty from five institutions who overcame these challenges and collaboratively designed, taught, iteratively revised, and published an instructional unit about the potential effect of mutations on DNA replication, transcription, and translation. The unit was taught to more than 2000 students in 18 courses, and student performance improved from preassessment to postassessment in every classroom...
June 2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749837/competing-discourses-of-scientific-identity-among-postdoctoral-scholars-in-the-biomedical-sciences
#8
Rebecca M Price, Ira Kantrowitz-Gordon, Sharona E Gordon
The postdoctoral period is generally one of low pay, long hours, and uncertainty about future career options. To better understand how postdocs conceive of their present and future goals, we asked researchers about their scientific identities while they were in their postdoctoral appointments. We used discourse analysis to analyze interviews with 30 scholars from a research-intensive university or nearby research institutions to better understand how their scientific identities influenced their career goals...
June 2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727319/what-makes-difficult-patients-difficult-for-medical-students
#9
Jody E Steinauer, Patricia O'Sullivan, Felisa Preskill, Olle Ten Cate, Arianne Teherani
PURPOSE: Physicians can find it challenging to provide high-quality care to "difficult patients." While studies support that medical students also find some patients "difficult," little is known about why they do or how being a student affects their perceptions. The authors conducted this study to gain a deeper understanding of students' experiences with "difficult patients" to inform clinical teaching about effective patient communication and patient-centered care...
May 2, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720009/interprofessional-learning-experiences-exploring-the-perception-and-attitudes-of-saudi-arabian-medical-and-dental-students
#10
Ghadeer K Al-Shaikh, Ebtissam M Al-Madi, Jazba Masood, Quratulain Shaikh, Sadiqa B Syed, Rima S Bader, Judy McKimm
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the awareness and attitudes of medical and dental students regarding interprofessional learning (IPL). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 278 female undergraduate Medical and Dental students from Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh. These students undertook IPL in the Foundation block, in basic science teaching, clinical skills' laboratories and in professionalism and learning skills' modules...
May 2, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716581/remediating-lapses-in-professionalism-among-undergraduate-pre-clinical-medical-students-in-an-asian-institution-a-multimodal-approach
#11
Ardi Findyartini, Nani Cahyani Sudarsono
BACKGROUND: Fostering personal identity formation and professional development among undergraduate medical students is challenging. Based on situated learning, experiential learning and role-modelling frameworks, a six-week course was developed to remediate lapses in professionalism among undergraduate medical students. This study aims to explore the students' perceptions of their personal identity formation and professional development following completion of the course. METHODS: This qualitative study, adopting a phenomenological design, uses the participants' reflective diaries as primary data sources...
May 2, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714568/advancing-the-practice-of-crcs-why-professional-development-matters
#12
Linda S Behar-Horenstein, Alena Prikhidko, H Robert Kolb
Clinical research coordinators (CRCs) assume critical responsibilities central to the success of the research team. The complexity of their role requires essential professional qualifications. One barrier to professionalization, however, has been the inconsistent, or absent, competency-based training. This study explored participants' perceptions of training experiences designed to prepare them for the national certification exam. Focus group methodology was used to document their experiences. The findings showed that sustainable mentoring relationships developed, participant confidence levels increased, and anxiety about performance capacity diminished...
January 1, 2018: Therapeutic Innovation & Regulatory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703096/a-practical-framework-for-remediating-unprofessional-behavior-and-for-developing-professionalism-competencies-and-a-professional-identity
#13
Pieter C Barnhoorn, Mirjam Houtlosser, Marleen W Ottenhoff-de Jonge, Geurt T J M Essers, Mattijs E Numans, Anneke W M Kramer
The relatively new term "Professional Identity Formation" (PIF) complements behavior-based and attitude-based perspectives on professionalism. Unprofessional behavior and its remediation should also be addressed from this perspective. However, a framework is needed to guide discussion and remediation of unprofessional behavior, which can encompass behavior-based, attitude-based, and identity-based perspectives on professionalism. To this end, the authors propose a multi-level professionalism framework which describes, apart from professional behavior, more levels which influence professional performance: environment, competencies, beliefs, values, identity, and mission...
April 27, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701865/factors-influencing-registered-nurses-perceptions-of-their-professional-identity-an-integrative-literature-review
#14
Philippa Rasmussen, Ann Henderson, Nicky Andrew, Tiffany Conroy
BACKGROUND: This review synthesizes contemporary research investigating the factors influencing RNs' perceptions of their professional identity. METHOD: The method used was an integrative literature review. RESULTS: Factors influencing RNs' perceptions of their professional identity were synthesized into three categories: the self, the role, and the context. The self is the nurse who enacts the role in practice, and the context is the practice setting...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691723/beyond-participation-politics-incommensurability-and-the-emergence-of-mental-health-service-users-activism-in-chile
#15
Cristian R Montenegro
Although the organisation of mental health service users and ex-users in Latin America is a recent and under-researched phenomenon, global calls for their involvement in policy have penetrated national agendas, shaping definitions and expectations about their role in mental health systems. In this context, how such groups react to these expectations and define their own goals, strategies and partnerships can reveal the specificity of the "user movement" in Chile and Latin America. This study draws on Jacques Rancière's theorisation of "police order" and "politics" to understand the emergence of users' collective identity and activism, highlighting the role of practices of disengagement and rejection...
April 24, 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683013/medical-students-professional-identity-development-from-being-actors-in-an-objective-structured-teaching-exercise
#16
Jehanne De Grasset, Marie-Claude Audetat, Nadia Bajwa, Nicole Jastrow, Hélène Richard-Lepouriel, Mathieu Nendaz, Noelle Junod Perron
INTRODUCTION: Medical students develop professional identity through structured activities and impromptu interactions in various settings. We explored if contributing to an Objective Structured Teaching Exercise (OSTE) influenced students' professional identity development. METHODS: University clinical faculty members participated in a faculty development program on clinical supervision. Medical students who participated in OSTEs as simulated residents were interviewed in focus groups about what they learnt from the experience and how the experience influenced their vision of learning and teaching...
April 22, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676876/exploring-the-role-of-advanced-nurse-practitioners-in-leadership
#17
Claire Anderson
There have been several changes to healthcare services in the UK over recent years, with rising NHS costs and increasing demands on healthcare professionals to deliver high-quality care. Simultaneously, public inquiries have identified suboptimal leadership throughout the NHS, which has been linked to a lack of clear leadership across the healthcare professions. In nursing, the role of the advanced nurse practitioner is regarded as a solution to this leadership challenge. This article examines the background to the development of the advanced nurse practitioner role...
April 19, 2018: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670351/cellular-interaction-of-a-layer-by-layer-based-drug-delivery-system-depending-on-material-properties-and-cell-types
#18
Mandy Brueckner, Steffen Jankuhn, Eva-Maria Jülke, Uta Reibetanz
Background: Drug delivery systems (DDS) and their interaction with cells are a controversial topic in the development of therapeutic concepts and approaches. On one hand, DDS are very useful for protected and targeted transport of defined dosages of active agents. On the other hand, their physicochemical properties such as material, size, shape, charge, or stiffness have a huge impact on cellular uptake and intracellular processing. Additionally, even identical DDS can undergo a completely diverse interaction with different cell types...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667703/diagnosis-and-management-practices-for-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-in-australia-cross-sectional-survey-of-the-multidisciplinary-team
#19
Nina Meloncelli, Adrian Barnett, Fiona Pelly, Susan de Jersey
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is one of the most common pregnancy disorders; however, if well managed, women with GDM experience similar pregnancy outcomes to those without. Currently, there is limited evidence on actual management practices across Australia or how multidisciplinary teams interact to optimise care. AIMS: To examine the current screening, diagnostic, task and role perceptions and management practices, as reported by members of the GDM multidisciplinary team...
April 18, 2018: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652107/developing-a-dental-scrubs-ceremony-to-define-professional-identity-and-teach-professionalism-to-dental-undergraduates-lessons-learned
#20
P Neville, L McNally, A Waylen
INTRODUCTION: The UK General Dental Council stipulates that professionalism is a key aspect of the teaching and training of dental students. However, dental educators highlight that teaching dental student's professionalism can be challenging and students often rate this teaching activity negatively. This article documents a teaching initiative at one UK Dental School that aimed to strengthen the professionalism curriculum by introducing a Dental Scrubs Ceremony for second-year students...
April 13, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
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