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Professional identity development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795977/strategies-for-supporting-physician-scientists-in-faculty-roles-a-narrative-review-with-key-informant-consultations
#1
Lorelei Lingard, Peter Zhang, Michael Strong, Margaret Steele, John Yoo, James Lewis
PURPOSE: Physician-scientists are a population in decline globally. Solutions to reverse this decline often have focused on the training pipeline. Less attention has been paid to reducing attrition post training, when physician-scientists take up faculty roles. However, this period is a known time of vulnerability because of the pressures of clinical duties and the long timeline to securing independent research funding. This narrative review explored existing knowledge regarding how best to support physician-scientists for success in their faculty roles...
August 8, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790956/the-influence-of-field-teaching-practice-on-pre-service-teachers-professional-identity-a-mixed-methods-study
#2
Hongyu Zhao, Xiaohui Zhang
The current study used mixed methods to research pre-service teachers' professional identity. Ninety-eight pre-service teachers were investigated and twelve teachers were interviewed in China. The results were as follows: (1) The results of quantitative data showed that compared with before the field teaching practice, pre-service teachers' professional identity increased after the field teaching practice-specifically, intrinsic value identity increased, and extrinsic value identity did not significantly change; (2) The results of qualitative data validated and elaborated the results of quantitative data in more detail with regard to changes in professional identity...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767498/the-road-to-rural-primary-care-a-narrative-review-of-factors-that-help-develop-recruit-and-retain-rural-primary-care-physicians
#3
Anna Beth Parlier, Shelley L Galvin, Sarah Thach, David Kruidenier, Ernest Blake Fagan
PURPOSE: To examine the literature documenting successes in recruiting and retaining rural primary care physicians. METHOD: The authors conducted a narrative review of literature on individual, educational, and professional characteristics and experiences that lead to recruitment and retention of rural primary care physicians. In May 2016, they searched MEDLINE, PubMed, CINAHL, ERIC, Web of Science, Google Scholar, the Grey Literature Report, and reference lists of included studies for literature published in or after 1990 in the United States, Canada, or Australia...
August 1, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758517/the-wheelchair-use-confidence-scale-italian-translation-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-short-form
#4
Anna Berardi, Rita De Santis, Marco Tofani, Marquez Maru, Valter Santilli, Paula W Rushton, Roberta Mollica, Giovanni Galeoto
OBJECTIVE: We developed an Italian version of the Wheelchair Use Confidence Scale for Manual Users-Short Form (WheelCon-M-I-short form) and examined its reliability and validity. METHODS: The original scale was translated from English to Italian using the "Translation and Cultural Adaptation of Patient Reported Outcomes Measures-Principles of Good Practice" guidelines. The WheelCon-M-I-short form was administered to experienced manual wheelchair users who had a variety of diagnoses...
July 31, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753402/intellectual-disability-policy-as-developed-expressed-and-evaluated-in-aaidd-the-arc-joint-statements-the-role-of-organization-position-statements
#5
Ruth Luckasson, Marty E Ford, Elise D McMillan, Frederick M Misilo, Margaret A Nygren
The American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (AAIDD) and The Arc of the United States (The Arc) have a long history of joined efforts to develop, express, and evaluate disability policies. These efforts have resulted in a series of formal statements on critical issues such as education, healthcare, human rights, and criminal justice. Their joint efforts further important policy goals including providing clear strong communication about important policy values and directions, promulgating key principles of high quality supports and services, affirming best professional practices, and emphasizing personal outcomes...
July 2017: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747204/just-fun-or-a-prejudice-physician-stereotypes-in-common-jokes-and-their-attribution-to-medical-specialties-by-undergraduate-medical-students
#6
Sigrid Harendza, Martin Pyra
BACKGROUND: Many jokes exist about stereotypical attributes of physicians in various specialties, which could lead to prejudices against physicians from a specific specialty. It is unknown whether and when medical students are aware of stereotypes about different specialties. The goal of this study was to analyze the degree of stereotypes that exist about medical specialties amongst undergraduate medical students at different stages of their education. METHODS: One hundred fifty-two jokes with different content about attributes of physicians from different specialties were found by an internet search...
July 26, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734485/the-power-of-nursing-an-innovative-course-in-values-clarification-and-self-discovery
#7
Lisa Day, Scott R Ziehm, Martha A Jessup, Pattie Amedro, Carol Dawson-Rose, Anne Derouin, Betsy Babb Kennedy, Sally Manahan, Abby Luck Parish, Rachel Naomi Remen
Teaching for a practice is more than the dissemination of knowledge and information to the learner. Professional nursing education requires teachers to facilitate students' self-reflection and awareness and assimilation of core professional and personal values in order for the new nurse to anchor and internalize these values as part of a professional identity. To achieve this, nursing educators recognize the importance of learning opportunities centered in the affective domain and the importance of teaching for professional formation that supports nursing students' commitment to the values of their chosen community of practice...
July 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724149/using-reflections-to-evaluate-the-stfm-behavioral-science-family-systems-educator-fellowship
#8
Deborah A Taylor, Victoria Gorski, Sandra K Burge
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A group of family medicine educators identified a need and developed a 1-year fellowship for early career behavioral science educators. This occurred in response to a reduction in previous opportunities and resources. The program was designed to shape and mentor new behavioral science faculty teaching in family medicine departments and programs. Quantitative data analysis from pre- and post-fellowship survey data from years 1-4 confirmed fellowship objectives were met...
July 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722553/travelling-models-and-the-challenge-of-pragmatic-contexts-and-practical-norms-the-case-of-maternal-health
#9
REVIEW
Jean-Pierre Olivier de Sardan, Aïssa Diarra, Mahaman Moha
As in other areas of international development, we are witnessing the proliferation of 'traveling models' developed by international experts and introduced in an almost identical format across numerous countries to improve some aspect of maternal health systems in low- and middle-income countries. These policies and protocols are based on 'miracle mechanisms' that have been taken out of their original context but are believed to be intrinsically effective in light of their operational devices.In reality, standardised interventions are, in Africa and elsewhere, confronted with pragmatic implementation contexts that are always varied and specific, and which lead to drifts, distortions, dismemberments and bypasses...
July 12, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720919/delivering-tobacco-cessation-content-in-the-middle-east-through-interprofessional-learning
#10
Alla El-Awaisi, Ahmed Awaisu, Maguy Saffouh El Hajj, Bayan Alemrayat, Ghadir Al-Jayyousi, Norman Wong, Mohamud A Verjee
Objective. To explore the attitudes of pharmacy, pharmacy technician, medical, and public health students before and after an IPE activity that focused on smoking cessation in the Middle East. Methods. A pre-post intervention research design using the Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Scale (RIPLS) was used for this study. The tool contained 20 items, categorized under the following subscales: teamwork and collaboration, professional identity, and patient-centeredness. Results. A total of 47 out of 50 students from four different health disciplines in Qatar (medicine, pharmacy, pharmacy technician, and public health) who participated in the activity completed a pre- and post-intervention pre-validated questionnaire (94% response rate)...
June 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712160/perspectives-on-childhood-resilience-among-the-aboriginal-community-an-interview-study
#11
Christian Young, Allison Tong, Janice Nixon, Peter Fernando, Deanna Kalucy, Simone Sherriff, Kathleen Clapham, Jonathan C Craig, Anna Williamson
OBJECTIVE: To describe Aboriginal community members' perspectives on the outcomes and origins of resilience among Aboriginal children. METHODS: Face-to-face interviews were conducted with 36 Aboriginal adults (15 health service professionals, 8 youth workers and 13 community members) at two urban and one regional Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Service in New South Wales. Interviews were transcribed and analysed thematically. RESULTS: We identified six themes: withstanding risk (displaying normative development, possessing inner fortitude); adapting to adversity (necessary endurance, masking inner vulnerabilities); positive social influences (secure family environments, role modelling healthy behaviours and relationships); instilling cultural identity (investing in Aboriginal knowledge, building a strong cultural self-concept); community safeguards (offering strategic sustainable services, holistic support, shared responsibility, providing enriching opportunities); and personal empowerment (awareness of positive pathways, developing self-respect, fostering positive decision making)...
July 16, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708457/assessment-of-self-perceived-knowledge-in-e-health-among-undergraduate-students
#12
Sisira Edirippulige, Mayukh Samanta, Nigel R Armfield
OBJECTIVE: Growing research evidence shows the value of e-health in healthcare delivery. While efforts are made to implement e-health in mainstream healthcare, relatively modest attention has been paid to develop e-health knowledge and skills in health practitioners. Using a pre-post design, in this study, we aimed to examine self-reported knowledge and perception changes associated with an e-health course offered to university undergraduate students in Australia. METHODS: Pre- and postsurveys were used to examine self-reported knowledge and perception changes relating to e-health among undergraduate students...
July 14, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708356/-what-remains-of-our-balints
#13
Régis Marion-Veyron, Konstantinos Tzartzas, Michael Saraga
In addition to providing psychiatric care to patients with somatic diseases, liaison psychiatry plays a role in the teaching of the relational aspects of medical practice. This series of three articles offers a critical reflection on this topic and examples of educational programs developed at Lausanne University Hospital. In the Department of Ambulatory Care and Community Medicine, an intervention inspired by Balint groups offers to residents in general internal medicine the possibility of working through their clinical experiences and their evolving professional identity...
February 8, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704203/nurturing-virtues-of-the-medical-profession-does-it-enhance-medical-students-empathy
#14
Marcelo Schweller, Diego Lima Ribeiro, Eloisa Valer Celeri, Marco Antonio de Carvalho-Filho
Objectives: To examine if the empathy levels of first-year medical students are amenable to didactic interventions idealized to promote values inherent to medical professional identity. Methods: This is a pretest-posttest study designed to assess the empathy levels of first-year medical students (n=166) comprising two consecutive classes of a Brazilian medical school, performed before and after a didactic intervention. Students attended a course based on values and virtues related to medical professional identity once a week over four months...
July 11, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699268/an-integrative-review-of-supports-facilitators-and-barriers-to-patient-centred-nursing-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#15
REVIEW
Samantha Jakimowicz, Lin Perry, Joanne Lewis
AIM: To systematically review the literature describing factors perceived by nurses as impacting the provision of patient-centred nursing in the intensive care unit. BACKGROUND: Patient-centred nursing in critical care differs from other healthcare areas, and the aggressive curative environment of the ICU has potential to compromise some of its elements. Understanding critical care nurses' perceptions of promoting and deterrent factors may inform development of strategies to support effective patient-centred nursing and job satisfaction in this workforce...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682090/emotional-benefits-and-barriers-of-psychological-services-scale-initial-construction-and-validation-among-african-american-women
#16
Natalie N Watson-Singleton, Oladoyin Okunoren, Devon LoParo, Carla D Hunter
The current study used the Health Belief Model to develop a measure that assessed the emotional benefits and barriers of professional psychological services in an African American women sample. Data from 251 African American women recruited from online organizations from across the United States (n = 164) and a Midwestern university psychology subject pool (n = 87) were used for exploratory factor analysis. Results revealed a 2-factor structure of the Emotional Benefits and Barriers of Psychological Services (EBBPS) Scale: Life Enhancement and Concerns about Distress, respectively...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658396/teaching-in-higher-education-in-nursing-and-identity-construction-entry-career-and-permanence
#17
Carla Natalina da Silva Fernandes, Maria Conceição Bernardo de Mello E Souza
Objective: To identify and analyze the relation between biographical and relational processes in constituting the professional identity of the nursing course faculty in higher education institutions in the state of Goiás, Brazil. Method: This study is a qualitative research, data were collected in 2014, attended by 11 teachers from four nursing courses. A semi-structured interview was used. Data analysis was guided by the thematic content analysis modality and discussions used the theoretical-philosophical framework of Dubar...
June 26, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644691/the-evolution-of-psychological-testing-at-the-austen-riggs-center-a-theoretical-analysis
#18
Jeremy M Ridenour, Brittany Zimmerman
Theoretical perspectives on personality and the development of psychopathology have shifted markedly over the last 7 decades. However, it remains unclear how those changes affect mental health practice. Comprehensive and conscientiously recorded reports of psychological testing provide a clear window on this process because they comprise distinctive records of how patients are assessed and understood. For this study, we conducted an exploratory, qualitative analysis of the narratives of the testing reports over the past 65 years at the Austen Riggs Center, a private psychiatric hospital and residential treatment center, to assess changes over time and to evaluate the influence that various factors had on the reports...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623052/how-physicians-draw-satisfaction-and-overcome-barriers-in-their-practices-it-sustains-me
#19
William T Branch, Amy B Weil, MaryAnn C Gilligan, Debra K Litzelman, Janet P Hafler, Margaret Plews-Ogan, Elizabeth A Rider, Lars G Osterberg, Dana Dunne, Arthur R Derse, J Richard Pittman, Richard M Frankel
OBJECTIVE: Major reorganizations of medical practice today challenge physicians' ability to deliver compassionate care. We sought to understand how physicians who completed an intensive faculty development program in medical humanism sustain their humanistic practices. METHODS: Program completers from 8 U.S. medical schools wrote reflections in answer to two open-ended questions addressing their personal motivations and the barriers that impeded their humanistic practice and teaching...
June 8, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610617/stimulating-collaboration-between-human-and-veterinary-health-care-professionals
#20
Björn G M Eussen, Jaap Schaveling, Maria J Dragt, Robert Jan Blomme
BACKGROUND: Despite the need to control outbreaks of (emerging) zoonotic diseases and the need for added value in comparative/translational medicine, jointly addressed in the One Health approach [One health Initiative (n.d.a). About the One Health Initiative. http://www.onehealthinitiative.com/about.php . Accessed 13 September 2016], collaboration between human and veterinary health care professionals is limited. This study focuses on the social dilemma experienced by health care professionals and ways in which an interdisciplinary approach could be developed...
June 13, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
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