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Professional identity development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287874/graduates-development-of-interprofessional-practice-capability-during-their-early-socialisation-into-professional-roles
#1
C Jane Morgan
Graduates entering the healthcare workforce can expect to undertake interprofessional practices, requiring them to work at the intersection of knowledge and practice boundaries that have been built over years of socialisation in their respective professions. Yet, in complex health environments, where health challenges go beyond the knowledge and skills of any single profession, there is a growing concern that healthcare practitioners lack capability to collaborate with each other. This article presents the findings from a year-long hermeneutic phenomenological study of graduates' temporal experiences of practice roles in their respective fields of healthcare and in collaboration with other professions...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285164/the-views-of-non-medical-prescribing-students-and-medical-mentors-on-interprofessional-competency-assessment-a-qualitative-exploration
#2
Janyne D Afseth, Ruth E Paterson
BACKGROUND: The United Kingdom (UK) is one of the least restrictive countries in terms of scope of prescribing practice for non-medical prescribers and is a rapidly expanding group of professionals. In the United Kingdom nurse prescribers are assessed in practice by Designated Medical Practitioners (DMP) (doctors) which is a unique approach. In light of proposals to permit nurses to assess each other the benefits and challenges associated with current approach to interprofessional assessment warranted further exploration...
March 1, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279637/a-qualitative-exploration-of-how-midwives-and-obstetricians-perception-of-risk-affects-care-practices-for-low-risk-women-and-normal-birth
#3
Sandra Healy, Eileen Humphreys, Catriona Kennedy
BACKGROUND: Maternity care is facing increasing intervention and iatrogenic morbidity rates. This can be attributed, in part, to higher-risk maternity populations, but also to a risk culture in which birth is increasingly seen as abnormal. Technology and intervention are used to prevent perceived implication in adverse outcomes and litigation. QUESTION: Does midwives' and obstetricians' perception of risk affect care practices for normal birth and low-risk women in labour, taking into account different settings? METHODS: The research methods are developed within a qualitative framework...
March 6, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279612/estimating-preferences-for-modes-of-drug-administration-the-case-of-us-healthcare-professionals
#4
Ebenezer K Tetteh, Steve Morris, Nigel Titchener-Hooker
BACKGROUND: There are hidden drug administration costs that arise from a mismatch between end-user preferences and how manufacturers choose to formulate their drug products for delivery to patients. The corollary of this is: there are "intangible benefits" from considering end-user preferences in manufacturing patient-friendly medicines. It is important then to have some idea of what pharmaceutical manufacturers should consider in making patient-friendly medicines and of the magnitude of the indirect benefits from doing so...
February 16, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272900/the-development-and-impact-of-a-social-media-and-professionalism-course-for-medical-students
#5
Alexandra W Gomes, Gisela Butera, Katherine C Chretien, Terry Kind
PROBLEM: Inappropriate social media behavior can have detrimental effects on students' future opportunities, but medical students are given little opportunity to reflect upon ways of integrating their social media identities with their newly forming professional identities. INTERVENTION: In 2012, a required educational session was developed for 1st-year medical students on social media and professional identity. Objectives include identifying professionalism issues and recognizing positive social media use...
March 8, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247495/staging-a-performance-learners-perceptions-about-direct-observation-during-residency
#6
Kori A LaDonna, Rose Hatala, Lorelei Lingard, Stephane Voyer, Christopher Watling
CONTEXT: Evidence strongly supports that direct observation is a valid and reliable assessment tool; support for its impact on learning is less compelling, and we know that some learners are ambivalent about being observed. However, learners' perceptions about the impact of direct observation on their learning and professional development remain underexplored. To promote learning, we need to understand what makes direct observation valuable for learners. METHODS: Informed by constructivist grounded theory, we interviewed 22 learners about their observation experiences...
February 28, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247420/professional-identity-in-clinician-scientists-brokers-between-care-and-science
#7
Manon Kluijtmans, Else de Haan, Sanne Akkerman, Jan van Tartwijk
CONTEXT: Despite increasing numbers of publications, science often fails to significantly improve patient care. Clinician-scientists, professionals who combine care and research activities, play an important role in helping to solve this problem. However, despite the ascribed advantages of connecting scientific knowledge and inquiry with health care, clinician-scientists are scarce, especially amongst non-physicians. The education of clinician-scientists can be complex because they must form professional identities at the intersection of care and research...
February 28, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228573/grace-under-pressure-a-drama-based-approach-to-tackling-mistreatment-of-medical-students
#8
Karen M Scott, Špela Berlec, Louise Nash, Claire Hooker, Paul Dwyer, Paul Macneill, Jo River, Kimberley Ivory
A positive and respectful learning environment is fundamental to the development of professional identities in healthcare. Yet medical students report poor behaviour from healthcare professionals that contradict professionalism teaching. An interdisciplinary group designed and implemented a drama-based workshop series, based on applied theatre techniques, to help students develop positive professional qualities and interpersonal skills to deal with challenges in the healthcare setting. We piloted the workshops at the University of Sydney in 2015...
March 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213902/professional-identity-of-korean-nurse-practitioners-in-the-united-states
#9
Kumsook Seo, Miyoung Kim
BACKGROUND: Despite nurse practitioners' (NPs) professional identity having important implications for the confirmation of nursing practice characteristics, few studies have examined the professional identity of NPs overlaid with the immigrant experience. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore the career characteristics of Korean nurse immigrants who became NPs in the United States. METHODS: Seven Korean NPs in the United States underwent in-depth interviews from August 2013 to May 2015...
February 17, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212196/prison-nursing-formation-of-a-stable-professional-identity
#10
REVIEW
Khurshid Choudhry, David Armstrong, Alexandru Dregan
AIM: The aim of this study was to analyze how working within prison environments can influence the self-identity and professional identity of nurses. BACKGROUND: The prison environment can be a difficult environment for nurses to deliver care within, with nurses having to carry out activities that seem to go against their professional role, while at the same time providing care to prisoners who have greater health needs than the general population. There is a lack of theoretical consideration of how prison nurses carry out their role in the face of such challenges...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207347/introduction-to-the-special-section-on-teaching-training-and-supervision-in-personality-and-psychological-assessment
#11
Justin D Smith
This special section contains empirical and conceptual articles pertaining to the broad topic of teaching, training, and supervision of assessment. Despite some evidence of a decline in recent decades, assessment remains a defining practice of professional psychologists in many subfields, including clinical, counseling, school, and neuropsychology, that consumes a consequential proportion of their time. To restore assessment to its rightful place of prominence, a clear agenda needs to be developed for advancing teaching and training methods, increasing instruction to state-of-the-art methods, and defining aims that could be elucidated through empirical inquiry...
March 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202801/molecular-epidemiology-and-strain-comparison-between-hepatitis-e-virus-in-human-sera-and-pig-livers-during-2014-2016-in-hong-kong
#12
Martin C W Chan, Kirsty Kwok, Tin-Nok Hung, Paul K S Chan
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) causes substantial morbidity and mortality in developing countries and is considered an emerging food-borne pathogen in previously non-endemic developed countries. To investigate genetic association between human HEV infection and HEV-contaminated high-risk food in Hong Kong, we compared local virus strains obtained from hepatitis E patient sera with those surveyed from high-risk food items during 2014-2016. Twenty-four cases of laboratory-confirmed human HEV infections were identified from January 2014 to March 2016 in our hospitals...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198964/a-qualitative-exploration-of-facilitators-and-inhibitors-influencing-nurses-intention-to-leave-clinical-nursing
#13
Leyla Alilu, Leila Valizadeh, Vahid Zamanzadeh, Hosein Habibzadeh, Mark Gillespie
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the barriers and facilitators shaping the development of an intent to leave the nursing profession, from the perspective of Iran's clinical nurses. METHOD: The study was completed using qualitative content analysis And included 21 Participants who were clinical nurses with a variety of work experience across a range of clinical posts. Semi-structured interviews were used to collect data and data obtained from the interviews were analyzed and interpreted utilizing a content analysis method...
November 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183408/developing-a-physician-s-professional-identity-through-medical-education
#14
Kenneth E Olive, Caroline L Abercrombie
Professionalism represents a fundamental characteristic of physicians. Professional organizations have developed professionalism competencies for physicians and medical students. The aim of teaching medical professionalism is to ensure the development of a professional identity in medical students. Professional identity formation is a process developed through teaching principles and appropriate behavioral responses to the stresses of being a physician. Addressing lapses and critical reflection is an important part of the educational process...
February 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179721/professional-identity-formation-in-an-advanced-pharmacy-practice-experience-emphasizing-self-authorship
#15
Jessica L Johnson, Sheila Chauvin
Objective. To examine the extent to which reflective essays written by graduating pharmacy students revealed professional identity formation and self-authorship development. Design. Following a six-week advanced pharmacy practice experience (APPE) grounded in Baxter-Magolda's Learning Partnerships Model of self-authorship development, students completed a culminating reflective essay on their rotation experiences and professional identity formation. Assessment. Thematic and categorical analysis of 41 de-identified essays revealed nine themes and evidence of all Baxter-Magolda's domains and phases of self-authorship...
December 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168438/old-man-young-man-t-s-%C3%A2-eliot-s-gerontion-and-the-problem-of-identity
#16
Moritz E Wigand, Hauke F Wiegand, Markus Jäger, Thomas Becker
BACKGROUND: In his poem Gerontion (1920) Nobel laureate T.S. Eliot uses powerful language to give a fictional, highly condensed, first-person account of medical and psychological conditions that arise with old age: physical frailty, cognitive decline, sensory impairment, depressive symptoms with embitterment, social withdrawal and the psychological strain of having to face old age and make meaning of one's life. Surprisingly, he wrote the poem as a young man. METHODS: In this qualitative study, we used a hermeneutic approach to interpret Gerontion from a psychiatric perspective...
March 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143942/bridging-the-education-action-gap-a-near-peer-case-based-undergraduate-ethics-teaching-programme
#17
Wing May Kong, Selena Knight
Undergraduate ethics teaching has made significant progress in the past decade, with evidence showing that students and trainee doctors feel more confident in identifying and analysing ethical issues. There is general consensus that ethics education should enable students and doctors to take ethically appropriate actions, and nurture moral integrity. However, the literature reports that doctors continue to find it difficult to take action when faced with perceived unethical behaviour. This has been evident in recent healthcare scandals, in which care has fallen below acceptable ethical standards, despite the presence of professional ethical guidelines and competencies...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143476/may-i-see-your-id-please-an-explorative-study-of-the-professional-identity-of-undergraduate-medical-education-leaders
#18
Kristina Sundberg, Anna Josephson, Scott Reeves, Jonas Nordquist
BACKGROUND: The mission of undergraduate medical education leaders is to strive towards the enhancement of quality of medical education and health care. The aim of this qualitative study is, with the help of critical perspectives, to contribute to the research area of undergraduate medical education leaders and their identity formation; how can the identity of undergraduate medical education leaders be defined and further explored from a power perspective? METHODS: In this explorative study, 14 educational leaders at a medical programme in Scandinavia were interviewed through semi-structured interviews...
February 1, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114984/professionalism-professionalization-expertise-and-compassion-a-qualitative-study-of-medical-residents
#19
Susan P Phillips, Nancy Dalgarno
BACKGROUND: Formal and informal medical curricula convey expectations about professionalization, that is, the development of physician identity, and also about professionalism. This study examined whether, in general, junior residents experienced any dissonance between these roles and focused particularly on how they negotiated conflicts between compassion, self-care, duty and medical expertise. METHODS: In 2015, purposive sampling was used to select 21 first-year residents at a Canadian medical school...
January 23, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114132/development-of-a-limb-preservation-program
#20
REVIEW
Richard F Neville, Ahmed Kayssi
In the global scenario, as the prevalence of renal failure and diabetes increases, healing and limb preservation assume increasing clinical importance for patients and healthcare systems. Unfortunately, there continues to be variation in the care delivered to patients at risk of losing a limb based on geography, race, socioeconomic status, and insurance status. There are also a variety of therapeutic approaches to patients with limb-threatening ischemia; 25% undergo primary amputation, 25% undergo medical therapy, and only 50% undergo any attempt at revascularization...
2017: Blood Purification
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