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Professional identity development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903667/identity-and-professional-networking
#1
Medha Raj, Nathanael J Fast, Oliver Fisher
Despite evidence that large professional networks afford a host of financial and professional benefits, people vary in how motivated they are to build such networks. To help explain this variance, the present article moves beyond a rational self-interest account to examine the possibility that identity shapes individuals' intentions to network. Study 1 established a positive association between viewing professional networking as identity-congruent and the tendency to prioritize strengthening and expanding one's professional network...
June 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890924/measuring-attitudes-towards-interprofessional-learning-testing-two-german-versions-of-the-tool-readiness-for-interprofessional-learning-scale-on-interprofessional-students-of-health-and-nursing-sciences-and-of-human-medicine
#2
Christiane Luderer, Matthias Donat, Ute Baum, Angelika Kirsten, Patrick Jahn, Dietrich Stoevesandt
Objective: In order to verify the methodological quality of two versions of a tool for measuring attitudes towards interprofessional learning, we adapted - in terms of translation and scale form - the Heidelberg Version [1] of Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Scale - RIPLS [2], a methodologically controversial tool that had been translated into German, and compared both the original and new versions. Method: Three items were reworded and the scale form altered (from five to four levels), leading to the Halle Version that was validated by means of a cognitive pretest (n=6)...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889861/forensic-science-and-the-right-to-access-to-justice-testing-the-efficacy-of-self-examination-intimate-dna-swabs-to-enhance-victim-centred-responses-to-sexual-violence-in-low-resource-environments
#3
Lisa L Smith, Jon H Wetton, Gurdeep K M Lall, Heather D Flowe, Mark A Jobling
In developed countries, DNA profiling routinely forms part of the forensic strategy in the investigation of sexual violence. Medical examinations provide opportunities for recovering DNA evidence from intimate swabs, which can be particularly probative in cases where the identity of the perpetrator is unknown and proof of intercourse between two people is required. In low-resource environments, such as developing countries, remote geographic locations, conflict (and post-conflict) affected regions and displaced communities where access to medical examinations is lacking, DNA evidence is not available to support prosecutions and perpetrators are rarely identified and held accountable for crimes of sexual violence...
September 2017: Science & Justice: Journal of the Forensic Science Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866254/the-effects-of-nursing-education-on-professional-values-a-longitudinal-study
#4
Filiz Kantek, Ayla Kaya, Nurdan Gezer
BACKGROUND: It is considered to be extremely important to ensure that nurses adopt professional values during their education in order to improve nursing practices and develop a professional identity. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of nursing education on development of professional values. DESIGN: This study was designed as a longitudinal study. SETTINGS: The study was conducted in a nursing department at a nursing school in the western Turkey...
August 26, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859249/the-evolving-professional-identity-of-the-clinical-research-nurse-a-qualitative-exploration
#5
Swapna Kunhunny, Debra Salmon
BACKGROUND: Clinical research nurses (CRN) make a significant contribution to healthcare research within the UK and internationally. However, lack of clarity about their role, and scope of practice renders their contribution within the profession and in the minds of the wider public invisible. This has implications in terms of promoting the role nurses play not only in terms of recruitment, retention, and care of research participants but also as research leaders of the future. AIM: To examine the perspectives of CRNs in the UK on their professional role identity, in order to inform the professional practice of Clinical Research Nursing...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853969/the-active-engagement-model-of-applied-ethics-as-a-structure-for-ethical-reflection-in-the-context-of-course-based-service-learning
#6
Kathryn C Nesbit, Gail M Jensen, Clare Delany
PURPOSE: The purpose of this case report is to explore the active engagement model as a tool to illuminate the ethical reflections of student physical therapists in the context of service learning in a developing country. METHODS: The study participants were a convenience sample of six students. The study design is a case report using a phenomenological perspective. Data were collected from students' narrative writing and semi-structured interviews. The steps of the active engagement model provided the structural framework for student responses...
August 30, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846965/striving-for-balance-a-qualitative-study-to-explore-the-experiences-of-nurses-new-to-the-ambulance-service-in-sweden
#7
Anna Hörberg, Veronica Lindström, Susanne Kalén, Max Scheja, Veronica Vicente
New nurses and nurses new to a professional practice go through a transition where they adopt a new professional identity. This has been described as a challenging time where peer support and limited responsibility are considered necessary. Little is known about the experience of nurses being new to the ambulance service where support is limited and the nurse holds full responsibility of patient care. The aim of this study has therefore been to explore nurses' experiences during their first year of employment in the Swedish ambulance service...
August 19, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836240/-recognition-of-specialization-of-minimally-invasive-treatment-for-gastric-cancer-in-the-era-of-precision-medicine
#8
Heng Zhang, Jiangyong Sang, Fenglin Liu
With the introduction and promotion of "precision medicine" conception, the history of disease occurrence, progression and prognosis has been deeply investigated with more accuracy, and the surgical treatment concept has become more precise and minimally invasive. With the rapid development of minimally invasive technique, laparoscopic gastrectomy has become an important part for treatment of gastric cancer. A number of randomized controlled clinical trials, such as KLASS-01 and CLASS-01, have demonstrated that laparoscopic gastrectomy is safe and feasible for treatment of early and locally advanced gastric cancer, respectively...
August 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825978/the-effect-of-an-interprofessional-simulation-based-education-program-on-perceptions-and-stereotypes-of-nursing-and-medical-students-a-quasi-experimental-study
#9
Kelly S Lockeman, Nital P Appelbaum, Alan W Dow, Shelly Orr, Tanya A Huff, Christopher J Hogan, Brenda A Queen
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional education is intended to train practitioners to collaboratively address challenges in healthcare delivery, and interprofessional simulation-based education (IPSE) provides realistic, contextual learning experiences in which roles, responsibilities, and professional identity can be learned, developed, and assessed. Reducing negative stereotypes within interprofessional relationships is a prime target for IPSE. OBJECTIVES: We sought to understand whether perceptions of interprofessional education and provider stereotypes change among nursing and medical students after participating in IPSE...
August 10, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822955/studying-the-old-masters-of-nursing-a-critical-student-experience-for-developing-nursing-identity
#10
Jacinta Kelly, Roger Watson, James Watson, Malachi Needham, Laura O Driscoll
In the past professional identity in nursing was inculcated in students alongside institutional pride. A strong sense of professional identity is key to staff retention and recruitment and key to the delivery of quality nursing care. With the wholesale transfer of pre-registration nursing education to the third level sector, however, the reality is that students now divide their affiliations between university and healthcare institutions and professional identity development may be stymied. For this reason, there is need to explore alternative means of developing professional identity...
July 4, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813337/professional-development-for-sport-psychology-practice
#11
REVIEW
David Tod, R I Vana Hutter, Martin Eubank
Applied sport psychology practice and research date back to the late 19th century. During this period investigators have largely examined the interventions practitioners employ to help athletes. More recently, researchers have begun addressing the person employing those interventions, including identifying their attributes and how they develop expertise, in recognition that practitioners are central to effective practice. Research focused on practitioners can inform educational and registration pathways, helping trainees to develop the knowledge, skills, and characteristics needed to meet their clients' needs...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795977/strategies-for-supporting-physician-scientists-in-faculty-roles-a-narrative-review-with-key-informant-consultations
#12
Lorelei Lingard, Peter Zhang, Michael Strong, Margaret Steele, John Yoo, James Lewis
PURPOSE: Physician-scientists are a population in decline globally. Solutions to reverse this decline often have focused on the training pipeline. Less attention has been paid to reducing attrition post training, when physician-scientists take up faculty roles. However, this period is a known time of vulnerability because of the pressures of clinical duties and the long timeline to securing independent research funding. This narrative review explored existing knowledge regarding how best to support physician-scientists for success in their faculty roles...
August 8, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790956/the-influence-of-field-teaching-practice-on-pre-service-teachers-professional-identity-a-mixed-methods-study
#13
Hongyu Zhao, Xiaohui Zhang
The current study used mixed methods to research pre-service teachers' professional identity. Ninety-eight pre-service teachers were investigated and twelve teachers were interviewed in China. The results were as follows: (1) The results of quantitative data showed that compared with before the field teaching practice, pre-service teachers' professional identity increased after the field teaching practice-specifically, intrinsic value identity increased, and extrinsic value identity did not significantly change; (2) The results of qualitative data validated and elaborated the results of quantitative data in more detail with regard to changes in professional identity...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767498/the-road-to-rural-primary-care-a-narrative-review-of-factors-that-help-develop-recruit-and-retain-rural-primary-care-physicians
#14
Anna Beth Parlier, Shelley L Galvin, Sarah Thach, David Kruidenier, Ernest Blake Fagan
PURPOSE: To examine the literature documenting successes in recruiting and retaining rural primary care physicians. METHOD: The authors conducted a narrative review of literature on individual, educational, and professional characteristics and experiences that lead to recruitment and retention of rural primary care physicians. In May 2016, they searched MEDLINE, PubMed, CINAHL, ERIC, Web of Science, Google Scholar, the Grey Literature Report, and reference lists of included studies for literature published in or after 1990 in the United States, Canada, or Australia...
August 1, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758517/the-wheelchair-use-confidence-scale-italian-translation-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-short-form
#15
Anna Berardi, Rita De Santis, Marco Tofani, Marquez Maru, Valter Santilli, Paula W Rushton, Roberta Mollica, Giovanni Galeoto
OBJECTIVE: We developed an Italian version of the Wheelchair Use Confidence Scale for Manual Users-Short Form (WheelCon-M-I-short form) and examined its reliability and validity. METHODS: The original scale was translated from English to Italian using the "Translation and Cultural Adaptation of Patient Reported Outcomes Measures-Principles of Good Practice" guidelines. The WheelCon-M-I-short form was administered to experienced manual wheelchair users who had a variety of diagnoses...
July 31, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753402/intellectual-disability-policy-as-developed-expressed-and-evaluated-in-aaidd-the-arc-joint-statements-the-role-of-organization-position-statements
#16
Ruth Luckasson, Marty E Ford, Elise D McMillan, Frederick M Misilo, Margaret A Nygren
The American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (AAIDD) and The Arc of the United States (The Arc) have a long history of joined efforts to develop, express, and evaluate disability policies. These efforts have resulted in a series of formal statements on critical issues such as education, healthcare, human rights, and criminal justice. Their joint efforts further important policy goals including providing clear strong communication about important policy values and directions, promulgating key principles of high quality supports and services, affirming best professional practices, and emphasizing personal outcomes...
July 2017: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747204/just-fun-or-a-prejudice-physician-stereotypes-in-common-jokes-and-their-attribution-to-medical-specialties-by-undergraduate-medical-students
#17
Sigrid Harendza, Martin Pyra
BACKGROUND: Many jokes exist about stereotypical attributes of physicians in various specialties, which could lead to prejudices against physicians from a specific specialty. It is unknown whether and when medical students are aware of stereotypes about different specialties. The goal of this study was to analyze the degree of stereotypes that exist about medical specialties amongst undergraduate medical students at different stages of their education. METHODS: One hundred fifty-two jokes with different content about attributes of physicians from different specialties were found by an internet search...
July 26, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734485/the-power-of-nursing-an-innovative-course-in-values-clarification-and-self-discovery
#18
Lisa Day, Scott R Ziehm, Martha A Jessup, Pattie Amedro, Carol Dawson-Rose, Anne Derouin, Betsy Babb Kennedy, Sally Manahan, Abby Luck Parish, Rachel Naomi Remen
Teaching for a practice is more than the dissemination of knowledge and information to the learner. Professional nursing education requires teachers to facilitate students' self-reflection and awareness and assimilation of core professional and personal values in order for the new nurse to anchor and internalize these values as part of a professional identity. To achieve this, nursing educators recognize the importance of learning opportunities centered in the affective domain and the importance of teaching for professional formation that supports nursing students' commitment to the values of their chosen community of practice...
July 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724149/using-reflections-to-evaluate-the-stfm-behavioral-science-family-systems-educator-fellowship
#19
Deborah A Taylor, Victoria Gorski, Sandra K Burge
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A group of family medicine educators identified a need and developed a 1-year fellowship for early career behavioral science educators. This occurred in response to a reduction in previous opportunities and resources. The program was designed to shape and mentor new behavioral science faculty teaching in family medicine departments and programs. Quantitative data analysis from pre- and post-fellowship survey data from years 1-4 confirmed fellowship objectives were met...
July 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722553/travelling-models-and-the-challenge-of-pragmatic-contexts-and-practical-norms-the-case-of-maternal-health
#20
REVIEW
Jean-Pierre Olivier de Sardan, Aïssa Diarra, Mahaman Moha
As in other areas of international development, we are witnessing the proliferation of 'traveling models' developed by international experts and introduced in an almost identical format across numerous countries to improve some aspect of maternal health systems in low- and middle-income countries. These policies and protocols are based on 'miracle mechanisms' that have been taken out of their original context but are believed to be intrinsically effective in light of their operational devices.In reality, standardised interventions are, in Africa and elsewhere, confronted with pragmatic implementation contexts that are always varied and specific, and which lead to drifts, distortions, dismemberments and bypasses...
July 12, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
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