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Professional identity development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140915/the-actual-versus-idealized-self-exploring-responses-to-feedback-about-implicit-bias-in-health-professionals
#1
Javeed Sukhera, Alexandra Milne, Pim W Teunissen, Lorelei Lingard, Chris Watling
PURPOSE: Implicit bias can adversely affect health disparities. The implicit association test (IAT) is a prompt to stimulate reflection; however, feedback about bias may trigger emotions that reduce the effectiveness of feedback interventions. Exploring how individuals process feedback about implicit bias may inform bias recognition and management curricula. The authors sought to explore how health professionals perceive the influence of the experience of taking the IAT and receiving their results...
November 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132340/what-do-japanese-residents-learn-from-treating-dying-patients-the-implications-for-training-in-end-of-life-care
#2
Kazuko Arai, Takuya Saiki, Rintaro Imafuku, Chihiro Kawakami, Kazuhiko Fujisaki, Yasuyuki Suzuki
BACKGROUND: How medical residents' experiences with care for dying patients affect their emotional well-being, their learning outcomes, and the formation of their professional identities is not fully understood. We examine residents' emotional states and learning occurring during the provision of care to dying patients and specifically discuss the impact of providing end-of-life (EOL) care on professional identity formation. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 13 residents who had graduated in the last 3 to 5 years...
November 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121902/online-or-face-to-face-instruction-a-qualitative-study-on-the-electrocardiogram-course-at-the-university-of-ulm-to-examine-why-students-choose-a-particular-format
#3
Oliver Keis, Claudia Grab, Achim Schneider, Wolfgang Öchsner
BACKGROUND: Since the introduction of the e-learning electrocardiogram (ECG) course 'ECG Online' into the curriculum at the University of Ulm, a small but relatively constant number of students have decided not to participate in the online course but to attend the face-to-face course, although the content of both courses is identical. The present study examined why students prefer one format or the other. METHODS: In a qualitative research approach, ten medical students were questioned in a guided interview...
November 9, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112776/a-meta-ethnography-of-the-facilitators-and-barriers-to-successful-implementation-of-patient-complaints-processes-in-health-care-settings
#4
David A H Scott, Suzanne M Grant
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize experiences of the patient complaints process for patients and health-care professionals to identify facilitators and barriers in the successful implementation of patient complaints processes. This will assist the development of cultural change programmes, enabling complaints managers to incorporate stakeholder perspectives into future care. DESIGN: Systematic literature search and meta-ethnography, comprising reciprocal syntheses of "patient" and "professional" qualitative studies, combined to form a "line-of-argument" embodying both perspectives...
November 7, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100653/understanding-the-struggles-to-be-a-medical-provider-view-through-medical-student-essays
#5
William J Peterson, Joseph B House, Cemal B Sozener, Sally A Santen
BACKGROUND: The clinical learning environment helps to shape the professional identity of medical students. This process begins from existing personal identity and is influenced by various factors, including clinical experiences and clinical learning environment. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine medical students' reflections as a way to identify and better characterize the modern struggles that medical students face, in order to inform the development of professional identity...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097969/developing-and-sustaining-recovery-orientation-in-mental-health-practice-experiences-of-occupational-therapists
#6
Alexandra Nugent, Nicola Hancock, Anne Honey
Background/Aim: Internationally, mental health policy requires clinicians to shift from a medical to a recovery-oriented approach. However, there is a significant lag in the translation of policy into practice. Occupational therapists have been identified as ideally situated to be recovery-oriented yet limited research exploring how they do this exists. This study aimed to explore Australian occupational therapists' experiences of developing and sustaining recovery-orientation in mental health practice...
2017: Occupational Therapy International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091969/promoting-professional-identity-motivation-and-persistence-benefits-of-an-informal-mentoring-program-for-female-undergraduate-students
#7
Paul R Hernandez, Brittany Bloodhart, Rebecca T Barnes, Amanda S Adams, Sandra M Clinton, Ilana Pollack, Elaine Godfrey, Melissa Burt, Emily V Fischer
Women are underrepresented in a number of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines. Limited diversity in the development of the STEM workforce has negative implications for scientific innovation, creativity, and social relevance. The current study reports the first-year results of the PROmoting Geoscience Research, Education, and SuccesS (PROGRESS) program, a novel theory-driven informal mentoring program aimed at supporting first- and second-year female STEM majors. Using a prospective, longitudinal, multi-site (i...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073824/twelve-tips-for-integrating-leadership-development-into-undergraduate-medical-education
#8
Alex Till, Judy McKimm, Tim Swanwick
Healthcare systems need effective leadership. All healthcare professionals can and should "learn to lead" and this requires a clear focus on leadership development from the earliest stages of a career. Within medicine, undergraduate students should be provided with opportunities to thrive and develop their skills in terms of leadership, management and followership. Drawing from the existing evidence base, the authors' expertise and the latest "thought leadership", these 12 tips provide practical guidance to universities and associated provider organizations, and to academic and clinical faculty, on how to integrate leadership development into their undergraduate medical programs...
October 26, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068821/who-am-i-and-who-do-i-strive-to-be-applying-a-theory-of-self-conscious-emotions-to-medical-education
#9
William E Bynum, Anthony R Artino
The self-conscious emotions of shame, guilt, and pride are a distinct set of cognitively complex, powerful, and ubiquitous emotions that arise when an individual engages in self-evaluation. Currently, little is known about the influence or outcomes of self-conscious emotions in medical learners. In this article, the authors present a leading theory of self-conscious emotions that outlines the appraisals and attributions that give rise to and differentiate shame, guilt, and two forms of pride. The authors then apply the theory to three relevant topics in medical education: perfectionism, professional identity formation, and motivation...
October 24, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061140/barriers-and-facilitators-to-the-implementation-of-a-school-based-physical-activity-policy-in-canada-application-of-the-theoretical-domains-framework
#10
Katie A Weatherson, Rhyann McKay, Heather L Gainforth, Mary E Jung
BACKGROUND: In British Columbia Canada, a Daily Physical Activity (DPA) policy was mandated that requires elementary school teachers to provide students with opportunities to achieve 30 min of physical activity during the school day. However, the implementation of school-based physical activity policies is influenced by many factors. A theoretical examination of the factors that impede and enhance teachers' implementation of physical activity policies is necessary in order to develop strategies to improve policy practice and achieve desired outcomes...
October 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055235/a-traditional-american-indian-death-ritual-developing-nursing-knowledge-through-aesthetic-exposure
#11
Barbara K Charbonneau-Dahlen
The theoretical and practical application of Boykin and Schoenhofer's Nursing as Caring: A Model for Transforming Practice (2001) provided a framework for the exploration of an aesthetic project of quilting, which was undertaken in order to explain the death journey for a cherished mentor of American Indian nursing students. In particular, the nursing situation was used to guide the making of the quilt sampler. Aesthetics nested into the teaching-learning process became another way to help students solidify their professional self-identity as caring persons...
October 12, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055234/evolving-career-choice-narratives-of-new-graduate-nurses
#12
Sheri L Price, Linda McGillis Hall, Gail Tomblin Murphy, Bridget Pierce
This article describes findings from one stage of a longitudinal study of the professional socialization experiences of Millennial nurses as they prepared for graduation and transition to practice. This study employed an interpretive narrative methodology guided by Polkinghorne's theory of narrative identity. Analysis of face-to-face interviews and journal entries by Millennial nursing students uncovered the formal professional socialization experiences over four years of nursing education. Participants include six Millennial nursing student participants (born after 1980) interviewed approximately one-month aftergraduation...
October 7, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054790/narratives-of-life-with-long-term-low-back-pain-a-follow-up-interview-study
#13
Sanne Angel, Lone Donbæk Jensen, Thomas Maribo, Birgitte Krøis Gonge, Niels Buus
BACKGROUND: Long-term low back pain is associated with multiple challenges to a person's identity and social position. Despite efforts to understand the challenges of low back pain, recovery remains a major problem both personally and socially. This indicate a need for a different approach. Although personal stories have been used to extend knowledge of issues that relate to low back pain, they also make it possible to learn about how people understand themselves and their lives. As such, analysis of narratives may provide further insights into people's coping processes and novel insights about how best to support them...
October 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047349/professional-identity-career-choices-and-working-conditions-of-future-and-young-dentists-in-germany-study-design-and-methods-of-a-nationwide-comprehensive-survey
#14
Nele Kettler, Nicolas Frenzel Baudisch, Wolfgang Micheelis, David Klingenberger, A Rainer Jordan
BACKGROUND: Little is known regarding young and future dentists' career choices, professional identity, and working conditions in Germany. While the dental healthcare environment and demands in treatment are changing, it remains unclear what job perceptions young dentists have developed at the beginning of their work life and if and how these perceptions change during the subsequent years. The aim of this study was to survey future and young dentists regarding their professional identity, planned career paths, and working conditions and strains to understand career decisions and choices and enable policy makers to include future dentists' views and expectations in their decisions...
October 18, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045912/the-lived-experience-of-first-year-undergraduate-student-nurses-a-hermeneutic-phenomenological-study
#15
Debra J Porteous, Alison Machin
INTRODUCTION: This study gives insight into the experiences and perceptions of one group of undergraduate nursing students as they make the transition into Higher Education and the nursing profession, during the first year, of their three-year programme. Research has shown that first year undergraduate experience is complex and challenging for any student. For undergraduate nursing students, the process of achieving additional professional practice competencies required for United Kingdom nursing registration adds additional responsibility and potentially, more pressure...
October 3, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991846/a-multi-institutional-longitudinal-faculty-development-program-in-humanism-supports-the-professional-development-of-faculty-teachers
#16
William T Branch, Richard M Frankel, Janet P Hafler, Amy B Weil, MaryAnn C Gilligan, Debra K Litzelman, Margaret Plews-Ogan, Elizabeth A Rider, Lars G Osterberg, Dana Dunne, Natalie B May, Arthur R Derse
The authors describe the first 11 academic years (2005-2006 through 2016-2017) of a longitudinal, small-group faculty development program for strengthening humanistic teaching and role modeling at 30 U.S. and Canadian medical schools that continues today. During the yearlong program, small groups of participating faculty met twice monthly with a local facilitator for exercises in humanistic teaching, role modeling, and related topics that combined narrative reflection with skills training using experiential learning techniques...
October 3, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984375/context-matters-when-striving-to-promote-active-and-lifelong-learning-in-medical-education
#17
Joris J Berkhout, Esther Helmich, Pim W Teunissen, Cees P M van der Vleuten, A Debbie C Jaarsma
WHERE DO WE STAND NOW?: In the 30 years that have passed since The Edinburgh Declaration on Medical Education, we have made tremendous progress in research on fostering 'self-directed and independent study' as propagated in this declaration, of which one prime example is research carried out on problem-based learning. However, a large portion of medical education happens outside of classrooms, in authentic clinical contexts. Therefore, this article discusses recent developments in research regarding fostering active learning in clinical contexts...
October 6, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970761/-go-make-your-face-known-collaborative-working-through-the-lens-of-personal-relationships
#18
Nigel King, Alison Bravington, Joanna Brooks, Jane Melvin, David Wilde
BACKGROUND: Collaborative working between professionals is a key component of integrated care. The academic literature on it largely focuses either on integration between health and social care or on the dynamics of power and identity between doctors and nurses. With the proliferation and extension of nursing roles, there is a need to examine collaborative working amongst different types of nurses. METHOD: This study explored experiences of collaborative working amongst generalist and specialist nurses, in community and acute settings...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Integrated Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970428/developing-professional-identity-in-undergraduate-pharmacy-students-a-role-for-self-determination-theory
#19
Martina F Mylrea, Tarun Sen Gupta, Beverley D Glass
Professional identity development, seen as essential in the transition from student to professional, needs to be owned by the universities in order to ensure a workforce appropriately prepared to provide global health care in the future. The development of professional identity involves a focus on who the student is becoming, as well as what they know or can do, and requires authentic learning experiences such as practice exposure and interaction with pharmacist role models. This article examines conceptual frameworks aligned with professional identity development and will explore the role for self-determination theory (SDT) in pharmacy professional education...
March 24, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969997/deliberate-acquisition-of-competence-in-physiological-breech-birth-a-grounded-theory-study
#20
Shawn Walker, Mandie Scamell, Pam Parker
PROBLEM: Research suggests that the skill and experience of the attendant significantly affect the outcomes of vaginal breech births, yet practitioner experience levels are minimal within many contemporary maternity care systems. BACKGROUND: Due to minimal experience and cultural resistance, few practitioners offer vaginal breech birth, and many practice guidelines and training programmes recommend delivery techniques requiring supine maternal position. Fewer practitioners have skills to support physiological breech birth, involving active maternal movement and choice of birthing position, including upright postures such as kneeling, standing, squatting, or on a birth stool...
September 29, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
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