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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895583/matching-adherence-interventions-to-patient-determinants-using-the-theoretical-domains-framework
#1
REVIEW
Samuel S Allemann, Robby Nieuwlaat, Bart J F van den Bemt, Kurt E Hersberger, Isabelle Arnet
Introduction: Despite much research, interventions to improve medication adherence report disappointing and inconsistent results. Tailored approaches that match interventions and patient determinants of non-adherence were seldom used in clinical trials. The presence of a multitude of theoretical frameworks and models to categorize interventions and patient determinants complicated the development of common categories shared by interventions and determinants. We retrieved potential interventions and patient determinants from published literature on medication adherence, matched them like locks and keys, and categorized them according to the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF)...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889288/quiet-dissent-the-attitudes-beliefs-and-behaviours-of-uk-osteopaths-who-reject-low-back-pain-guidance-a-qualitative-study
#2
Joanna Figg-Latham, Dévan Rajendran
INTRODUCTION: Clinical guidelines are derived from best research evidence and aim to: improve quality of non-specific low back pain (nsLBP) management and identify patients at risk of suffering chronic pain. However, guideline discordant attitudes and beliefs have been identified in healthcare students and practitioners, including osteopaths. DESIGN: A qualitative approach with elements of grounded theory was used to explore underlying attitudes and beliefs of practitioners/students working in a British osteopathic education institution...
October 18, 2016: Manual Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885750/they-re-nice-and-neat-but-are-they-useful-a-grounded-theory-of-clinical-psychologists-beliefs-about-and-use-of-nice-guidelines
#3
Alex John Court, Anne Cooke, Amanda Scrivener
Guidelines are ubiquitous but inconsistently used in UK mental health services. Clinical psychologists are often influential in guideline development and implementation, but opinion within the profession is divided. This study utilized grounded theory methodology to examine clinical psychologists' beliefs about and use of NICE guidelines. Eleven clinical psychologists working in the NHS were interviewed. The overall emerging theme was; NICE guidelines are considered to have benefits but to be fraught with dangers...
November 25, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882563/iranian-nursing-students-perspectives-on-transition-to-professional-identity-a-qualitative-study
#4
M Neishabouri, F Ahmadi, A Kazemnejad
AIM: To explore Iranian nursing students' transition to professional identity. BACKGROUND: Professional identity is an important outcome of nursing education that has not been fully explored in the Iranian nursing education system. INTRODUCTION: Professional identity is a significant factor influencing the development of nursing education and practice. The transition of nursing students to professional identity is the main concern of nursing education and fundamental prerequisite for policymaking and planning in the field of nursing education...
November 23, 2016: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869873/-scientific-editors-in-italy-identity-certification-and-roles
#5
Paola De Castro, Federica Napolitani, Elisabetta Poltronieri, Anna Maria Rossi
This study is developed as part of the activities of the Italian Chapter of the European Association of Science Editors (EASE) with the aim to provide an overview of the Italian scientific publishing in biomedicine and highlight the need for professional training and certification. Even at European and international level, in fact, there is a general lack of training and accreditation programs for the certification of professional editors. After defining the editor's role (term that in the Italian language has a certain degree of ambiguity) and the different professionals involved in the publication process, the paper analyzes the biomedical production in Italy, reporting the results of a survey on professional associations, institutions, scientific societies, and others...
November 2016: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846834/exploring-resistance-to-implementation-of-welfare-technology-in-municipal-healthcare-services-a-longitudinal-case-study
#6
Etty R Nilsen, Janne Dugstad, Hilde Eide, Monika Knudsen Gullslett, Tom Eide
BACKGROUND: Industrialized and welfare societies are faced with vast challenges in the field of healthcare in the years to come. New technological opportunities and implementation of welfare technology through co-creation are considered part of the solution to this challenge. Resistance to new technology and resistance to change is, however, assumed to rise from employees, care receivers and next of kin. The purpose of this article is to identify and describe forms of resistance that emerged in five municipalities during a technology implementation project as part of the care for older people...
November 15, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831745/graduate-assistant-athletic-trainers-perceptions-of-professional-socialization-in-the-collegiate-setting-part-i
#7
Ashley B Thrasher, Stacy E Walker, Dorice A Hankemeier, Thalia Mulvihill
CONTEXT:  Many newly credentialed athletic trainers (ATs) pursue graduate assistantships, which allow them to gain experience while being supervised by an experienced AT. The graduate-assistant (GA) ATs' perception of their socialization process into the collegiate setting is unknown. OBJECTIVE:  To explore the professional socialization of GAs in the collegiate setting. DESIGN:  Qualitative study. SETTING:  Phone interviews...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822357/donation-of-surplus-frozen-pre-embryos-to-research-in-israel-underlying-motivations
#8
Aviad Raz, Jonia Amer-Alshiek, Mor Goren-Margalit, Gal Jacobi, Alyssa Hochberg, Ami Amit, Foad Azem, Hadar Amir
BACKGROUND: The high number of IVF procedures performed in Israel has had an unforeseen consequence: accumulation of large amounts of surplus frozen embryos. After five years that the frozen embryos are kept for free, patients need to make an embryo disposition decision. One option is donation for research. The donation rate in Israel is very low. Our aim was to understand the attitudes, values and perceptions of female IVF patients that decided to donate their surplus frozen embryos to research...
2016: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813688/the-health-professions-education-pathway-preparing-students-residents-and-fellows-to-become-future-educators
#9
H Carrie Chen, Maria A Wamsley, Amin Azzam, Katherine Julian, David M Irby, Patricia S O'Sullivan
PROBLEM: Training the next generation of health professionals requires leaders, innovators, and scholars in education. Although many medical schools and residencies offer education electives or tracks focused on developing teaching skills, these programs often omit educational innovation, scholarship, and leadership and are narrowly targeted to one level of learner. INTERVENTION: The University of California San Francisco created the Health Professions Education Pathway for medical students, residents, and fellows as well as learners from other health professional schools...
November 4, 2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804316/the-existential-dimension-in-general-practice-identifying-understandings-and-experiences-of-general-practitioners-in-denmark
#10
Elisabeth Assing Hvidt, Jens Søndergaard, Jette Ammentorp, Lars Bjerrum, Dorte Gilså Hansen, Frede Olesen, Susanne S Pedersen, Helle Timm, Connie Timmermann, Niels Christian Hvidt
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to identify points of agreement and disagreements among general practitioners (GPs) in Denmark concerning how the existential dimension is understood, and when and how it is integrated in the GP-patient encounter. DESIGN: A qualitative methodology with semi-structured focus group interviews was employed. SETTING: General practice setting in Denmark. SUBJECTS: Thirty-one GPs from two Danish regions between 38 and 68 years of age participated in seven focus group interviews...
November 2, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798091/which-behaviour-change-techniques-may-help-waterpipe-smokers-to-quit-an-expert-consensus-using-a-modified-delphi-technique
#11
Nancy O'Neill, Omara Dogar, Mohammed Jawad, Ian Keller, Mona Kanaan, Kamran Siddiqi
INTRODUCTION: Waterpipe smoking is addictive and harmful. The determinants of waterpipe smoking may differ from those of cigarette smoking; therefore, behavioural approaches to support quitting may also differ between these two tobacco products. While some evidence exists on effective behavioural change techniques (BCTs) to facilitate cigarette smoking cessation, there is little research on waterpipe smoking cessation. METHODS: Twenty-four experts were selected from the author lists of peer-reviewed, randomised controlled trials on waterpipe smoking cessation...
October 25, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795965/social-media-and-impression-management-veterinary-medicine-students-and-faculty-members-attitudes-toward-the-acceptability-of-social-media-posts
#12
April A Kedrowicz, Kenneth Royal, Keven Flammer
INTRODUCTION: While social media has the potential to be used to make professional and personal connections, it can also be used inappropriately, with detrimental ramifications for the individual in terms of their professional reputation and even hiring decisions. This research explored students' and faculty members' perceptions of the acceptability of various social media postings. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015. All students and faculty members at the College of Veterinary Medicine were invited to participate...
October 2016: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795454/the-autobiographical-i-shoulder-i-of-ernest-amory-codman-crafting-medical-meaning-in-the-twentieth-century
#13
Caitjan Gainty
This essay offers a reconsideration of the historical significance of Ernest Amory Codman's autobiographical preface to his 1934 text The Shoulder, Rupture of the Supraspinatus Tendon and Other Lesions on or about the Subacromial Bursa and its reception, in its own time and at the end of the twentieth century. It concentrates on the aesthetics of identity and the ways in which these are woven into the political, professional, and cultural contexts of these two periods. It argues finally that Codman's style of life writing, both in the autobiography and throughout his texts, served as an important historical actor that more generally demonstrates the possibilities in approaching the history of medicine from aesthetic angles...
2016: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782917/becoming-a-doctor-in-different-cultures-toward-a-cross-cultural-approach-to-supporting-professional-identity-formation-in-medicine
#14
Esther Helmich, Huei-Ming Yeh, Adina Kalet, Mohamed Al-Eraky
Becoming a doctor is fundamentally about developing a new, professional identity as a physician, which in and of itself may evoke many emotions. Additionally, medical trainees are increasingly moving from one cultural context to another and are challenged with navigating the resulting shifts in their professional identify. In this Article, the authors aim to address medical professional identity formation from a polyvocal, multidisciplinary, cross-cultural perspective. They delineate the cultural approaches to medical professionalism, reflect on professional identity formation in different cultures and on different theories of identity development, and advocate for a context-specific approach to professional identity formation...
October 25, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779919/studying-to-become-a-veterinarian-a-course-for-student-support
#15
Mirja Ruohoniemi, Johanna Mikkonen, Riitta Salomäki, Laura Hänninen, Annamari Heikkilä, Sanna Ryhänen
During the last decade, concerns over veterinary students' stress have been expressed in several studies, and the need for student support has become evident. In addition, the importance of professional and personal identity development in veterinary curricula has been widely recognized. There is a need to integrate academic and professional skills instruction with training in personal-life balance. Even though tools for student support and stress management exist within universities, reports on active and creative practices in veterinary education are scarce...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767166/reflection-on-fitness-to-practise
#16
J Brindley
Aim The focus of this review was to identify the role of reflection in continuing dental education. By understanding the expectations that our statutory regulative authority has of their registrants there is an opportunity to help to shape the continued professional development activities undertaken by current registrants in the future.Objective Conduct a review of General Dental Council (GDC) Fitness to Practise cases which were given conditions (restrictions) between February 2012 and November 2015, identifying relevant emergent outcomes in relation the Fitness to Practise (FTP) process...
October 21, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756379/a-longitudinal-study-of-empathy-in-pre-clinical-and-clinical-medical-students-and-clinical-supervisors
#17
Sarah Mahoney, Ruth M Sladek, Tim Neild
BACKGROUND: Although appropriate empathy in health professionals is essential, a loss of empathy can occur during medical education. The structure of clinical learning may be one factor that is implicated in a loss of empathy. This study examines student and doctor empathy, and possible associations between empathy and the structure of clinical learning. METHODS: There were three groups of participants: medical students (n = 281), who completed a longitudinal survey consisting of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy and an open question about empathy at the beginning and end of the 2013 academic year; private doctors (medical practitioners) in South Australia (n = 78) who completed a survey consisting of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy and an open question about empathy at the end of the students' academic year; and doctors (medical practitioners) from public teaching hospitals (n = 72) in southern Adelaide, South Australia who completed a survey consisting of the Jefferson Scale of Empathy at the end of the students' academic year ...
October 18, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752963/engineering-student-s-ethical-awareness-and-behavior-a-new-motivational-model
#18
Diana Bairaktarova, Anna Woodcock
Professional communities are experiencing scandals involving unethical and illegal practices daily. Yet it should not take a national major structure failure to highlight the importance of ethical awareness and behavior, or the need for the development and practice of ethical behavior in engineering students. Development of ethical behavior skills in future engineers is a key competency for engineering schools as ethical behavior is a part of the professional identity and practice of engineers. While engineering educators have somewhat established instructional methods to teach engineering ethics, they still rely heavily on teaching ethical awareness, and pay little attention to how well ethical awareness predicts ethical behavior...
October 17, 2016: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733174/use-of-the-theoretical-domains-framework-to-evaluate-factors-driving-successful-implementation-of-the-accelerated-chest-pain-risk-evaluation-acre-project
#19
Wade Skoien, Katie Page, William Parsonage, Sarah Ashover, Tanya Milburn, Louise Cullen
BACKGROUND: The translation of healthcare research into practice is typically challenging and limited in effectiveness. The Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) identifies 12 domains of behaviour determinants which can be used to understand the principles of behavioural change, a key factor influencing implementation. The Accelerated Chest pain Risk Evaluation (ACRE) project has successfully translated research into practice, by implementing an intervention to improve the assessment of low to intermediate risk patients presenting to emergency departments (EDs) with chest pain...
October 12, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731848/the-significance-of-kinship-for-medical-education-reflections-on-the-use-of-a-bespoke-social-network-to-support-learners-professional-identities
#20
Stylianos Hatzipanagos, Bernadette John, Yuan-Li Tiffany Chiu
BACKGROUND: Social media can support and sustain communities much better than previous generations of learning technologies, where institutional barriers undermined any initiatives for embedding formal and informal learning. Some of the many types of social media have already had an impact on student learning, based on empirical evidence. One of these, social networking, has the potential to support communication in formal and informal spaces. OBJECTIVE: In this paper we report on the evaluation of an institutional social network-King's Social Harmonisation Project (KINSHIP)-established to foster an improved sense of community, enhance communication, and serve as a space to model digital professionalism for students at King's College London, United Kingdom...
March 3, 2016: JMIR Medical Education
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