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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919572/latino-parents-perceptions-of-pediatric-weight-counseling-terms
#1
Shanna Doucette Knierim, Sophia Newcomer, Alyssa Castillo, Alanna Kulchak Rahm, Silvia Raghunath, Christina Clarke, Leslie Wright, Matthew Haemer, Simon J Hambidge
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about Latino parents' perceptions of weight-related language in English or Spanish, particularly for counseling obese youth. We sought to identify English and Spanish weight counseling terms perceived as desirable for providers to use, motivating, and inoffensive by Latino parents across demographic groups. METHODS: Latino parents of children treated at urban safety-net clinics completed surveys in English or Spanish. Parents rated the desirable, motivating, or offensive properties of terms for excess weight using a 5-point scale...
September 12, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919202/parenting-practices-and-overweight-status-of-junior-high-school-students-in-china-a-nationally-representative-study-of-19-487-students-from-112-schools
#2
Zhengqi Tan, Jungwon Min, Hong Xue, Weidong Wang, Youfa Wang
The study aimed to examine the level of parental responsiveness and demandingness for junior high students in China and its association with child weight status; assess if it differs by student socio-demographic characteristics; and to test the association between parenting and child physical activity. Nationally representative survey data collected from 19,487 students in 112 middle schools across China in 2013-2014 academic year were analyzed in 2016. Children's anthropometrics and perceptions of parenting practices were accessed by self-administered questionnaire...
September 14, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917205/prenatal-ddt-exposure-and-child-adiposity-at-age-12-the-chamacos-study
#3
Marcella Warner, Morgan Ye, Kim Harley, Katherine Kogut, Asa Bradman, Brenda Eskenazi
OBJECTIVE: Using data from the Center for the Health Assessment of Mothers and Children of Salinas (CHAMACOS) birth cohort study, we assessed the association of in utero exposure to dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) and dichlorodiphenylethylene (DDE) with child adiposity at age 12. METHODS: We included 240 children with o,p'-DDT, p,p'-DDT, and p,p'-DDE concentrations measured in maternal serum collected during pregnancy (ng/g lipid) and complete 12-year follow-up data...
September 12, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915225/physical-activity-not-sedentary-time-predicts-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-measured-adiposity-age-5-to-19-years
#4
Kathleen F Janz, Piroska Boros, Elena M Letuchy, Soyang Kwon, Trudy L Burns, Steven M Levy
PURPOSE: To examine the associations among physical activity (PA), sedentary time (SED), and TV viewing (TV) with fat mass (FAT) and visceral adipose tissue mass (VAT) from childhood through adolescence (5-19 yr). METHODS: Participants in the Iowa Bone Development Study (n = 230 males and 233 females) were examined at ages 5, 8, 11, 13, 15, 17, and 19 yr. Accelerometers measured moderate- or vigorous-intensity PA (MVPA; min·d), light-intensity PA (LPA; min·d), and SED (h·d)...
October 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914732/predictors-of-weight-related-quality-of-life-in-adolescents-who-are-overweight-or-obese
#5
Carolyn E Ievers-Landis, Oluwatomisin Olayinka, Christopher Burant, Shirley Moore
OBJECTIVE: Weight-related quality of life (WRQOL) is a type of health-related QOL that may serve as a patient-reported outcome of the potential burden of overweight. The present study uses structural equation modeling path analysis methods to examine body mass index (BMI) and other potential predictors of WRQOL components among adolescents who were overweight/obese from predominantly low-income, urban households. METHODS: Baseline data were obtained from 360 participants (10-13 year olds; 57...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914727/summer-healthy-lifestyle-intervention-program-for-young-children-who-are-overweight-results-from-a-nonrandomized-pilot-trial
#6
Paulo A Graziano, Alexis Garcia, Crystal S Lim
OBJECTIVE: To examine initial outcomes of an 8-week Healthy-Lifestyle Intervention Program (HIP) which included children's participation in a daily summer camp along with parents' participation in a parenting program focused on overweight/obesity. METHODS: Using a nonrandomized pilot trial design, 16 children (M child age = 6.42 yr; 81% male; 100% Latino) classified as overweight/obese and their mothers completed 3 assessments (baseline, posttreatment, and 6-8 mo follow-up)...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903892/effectiveness-of-smartmoms-a-novel-ehealth-intervention-for-management-of-gestational-weight-gain-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#7
Leanne M Redman, L Anne Gilmore, Jeffrey Breaux, Diana M Thomas, Karen Elkind-Hirsch, Tiffany Stewart, Daniel S Hsia, Jeffrey Burton, John W Apolzan, Loren E Cain, Abby D Altazan, Shelly Ragusa, Heather Brady, Allison Davis, J Mick Tilford, Elizabeth F Sutton, Corby K Martin
BACKGROUND: Two-thirds of pregnant women exceed gestational weight gain (GWG) recommendations. Because excess GWG is associated with adverse outcomes for mother and child, development of scalable and cost-effective approaches to deliver intensive lifestyle programs during pregnancy is urgent. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to decrease the proportion of women who exceed the Institute of Medicine (IOM) 2009 GWG guidelines. METHODS: In a parallel-arm randomized controlled trial, 54 pregnant women (age 18-40 years) who were overweight (n=25) or obese (n=29) were enrolled to test whether an intensive lifestyle intervention (called SmartMoms) decreased the proportion of women with excess GWG, defined as exceeding the 2009 IOM guidelines, compared to no intervention (usual care group)...
September 13, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903804/beyond-the-dinner-table-who-s-having-breakfast-lunch-and-dinner-family-meals-and-which-meals-are-associated-with-better-diet-quality-and-bmi-in-pre-school-children
#8
Jerica M Berge, Kimberly P Truesdale, Nancy E Sherwood, Nathan Mitchell, William J Heerman, Shari Barkin, Donna Matheson, Carolyn E Levers-Landis, Simone A French
OBJECTIVE: Having frequent family dinners is associated with better diet quality in children; however, it is unknown whether the frequency of certain family meal types (i.e. dinner) is more strongly associated with better child weight and diet quality compared with other meal types (i.e. breakfast, lunch). Thus, the current study examined the frequency of eating breakfast, lunch or dinner family meals and associations with pre-school children's overall diet quality (HEI-2010) and BMI percentile...
September 14, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903112/savoring-sweet-sugars-in-infant-and-toddler-feeding
#9
Robert D Murray
During the first years of life, the sweetness of sugars has a capacity to hinder or to help in laying a strong nutritional foundation for food preferences that often extend over a lifetime. Aside from supplying 4 g/kcal of energy, sugars are non-nutritive. However, sugars have a powerful attribute, sweetness, which strongly influences human food preference. A child's first relationship with sweet taste begins even before birth and continues to evolve throughout complementary feeding. The sweetness of breastmilk encourages consumption and soothes the neonate...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903109/does-breastfeeding-shape-food-preferences-links-to-obesity
#10
Alison K Ventura
The first 2 years of life have been recognized as a critical window for obesity prevention efforts. This period is characterized by rapid growth and development and, in a relatively short period of time, a child transitions from a purely milk-based diet to a more varied solid-food diet. Much learning about food and eating occurs during this critical window, and it is well-documented that early feeding and dietary exposures predict later food preferences, eating behaviors, and dietary patterns. The focus of this review will be on the earliest feeding experiences - breast- and formula-feeding - and the unique role of breastfeeding in shaping children's food preferences...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901891/dietary-intake-of-fat-and-fibre-according-to-reference-values-relates-to-higher-gut-microbiota-richness-in-overweight-pregnant-women
#11
Henna Röytiö, Kati Mokkala, Tero Vahlberg, Kirsi Laitinen
The diet-microbiota-metabolism relationships during pregnancy are mostly unknown. We explored the effect of the habitual diet and adherence to the dietary reference values on gut microbiota composition and diversity. Further, the association of gut microbiota with serum lipidomics and low-grade inflammation was evaluated. Overweight and obese women (BMI 30·7 (sd 4·4) kg/m2, n 100) were studied at early pregnancy (≤17 weeks). Intakes of nutrients were calculated from 3-d food diaries. Faecal microbiota composition was analysed using 16S rRNA gene sequencing...
September 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899652/predicting-preschool-children-s-eating-in-the-absence-of-hunger-from-maternal-pressure-to-eat-a-longitudinal-study-of-low-income-latina-mothers
#12
Lionor Galindo, Thomas G Power, Ashley D Beck, Jennifer Orlet Fisher, Teresia M O'Connor, Sheryl O Hughes
Early work by Klesges et al. (1983, 1986) suggested that mothers who frequently prompt their children to eat have children at greater risk for obesity. This is consistent with the hypothesis that controlling feeding practices override children's responsiveness to their internal fullness cues, increasing the risk of overeating and obesity (e.g., Johnson & Birch, 1994). Subsequent cross-sectional research on pressure to eat, however, has been inconsistent. Most studies have shown that maternal self-reports of pressure to eat are negatively associated with childhood obesity, and observational studies showed inconsistent relationships with child weight status...
September 9, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898562/skipping-breakfast-among-australian-children-and-adolescents-findings-from-the-2011-12-national-nutrition-and-physical-activity-survey
#13
Kylie J Smith, Monique C Breslin, Sarah A McNaughton, Seana L Gall, Leigh Blizzard, Alison J Venn
OBJECTIVE: Skipping breakfast has been linked with poor diet quality, higher BMI and adverse cardiometabolic outcomes. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and correlates of skipping breakfast among Australian children and adolescents. METHODS: A total of 1,592 2-17-year-olds completed two 24-hour recalls, collected via face-to-face and telephone interview, in the 2011-12 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey. Breakfast was an eating occasion of ≥210kJ named as 'breakfast' by the participant...
September 12, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898317/-recommendations-from-parents-of-obese-children-in-treatment-to-the-health-care-team-qualitative-study
#14
Andrea García, Carolina Aspillaga, Claudia Cruzat-Mandich, S Barja
INTRODUCTION: The family plays an essential role in the adherence and effectiveness in the treatment of childhood obesity. Caregivers’ experience is fundamental for proper guidance. AIM: To describe the recommendations for the health-care team made by parents of children that are being treated for obesity. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Cross-sectional and descriptive study with a qualitative approach and purposeful sampling. In the first semester of 2015, interviews were conducted with nine parents of children from 4 to 10 years old that were being treated for obesity ad who had at least three medical appointments in the previous year...
2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893745/a-new-risk-locus-in-chchd5-for-hypertension-and-obesity-in-a-chinese-child-population-a-cohort-study
#15
Lijun Wu, Liwang Gao, Xiaoyuan Zhao, Meixian Zhang, Jianxin Wu, Jie Mi
OBJECTIVE: Coiled-coil-helix-coiled-coil-helix domain containing 5 (CHCHD5), a mitochondrial protein, is involved in the oxidative folding process in the mitochondrial intermembrane space. A previous study identified a hypertension-related single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), rs3748024, in CHCHD5 in adults, but there are no reports regarding the association between CHCHD5 and obesity, which is a known risk factor for hypertension. The aim of the present study is to investigate the associations of the SNP rs3748024 with hypertension and obesity...
September 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893283/perceived-fussy-eating-in-australian-children-at-14%C3%A2-months-of-age-and-subsequent-use-of-maternal-feeding-practices-at-2%C3%A2-years
#16
Rebecca Byrne, Elena Jansen, Lynne Daniels
BACKGROUND: Concerns about fussy eating are common amongst parents of young children. However, studies of the long-term impact of fussy eating show mixed results with regard to adequacy of dietary intake and child growth. This may be in part because there is no accepted definition of fussy eating and studies measure the construct in different ways, commonly relying on parent perception. This longitudinal analysis explores maternal and child characteristics associated with maternal perception of her toddler as a fussy eater in early toddlerhood and subsequent use of feeding practices at 2 years...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890989/association-between-maternal-nonresponsive-feeding-practice-and-child-s-eating-behavior-and-weight-status-children-aged-1-to-6%C3%A2-years
#17
Chunmei Shi, Nan Li, Jing Dong, Li Wang, Xiling Li, Chenbo Ji, Xingyun Wang, Xia Chi, Xirong Guo, Meiling Tong, Min Zhang
The purposes of this study are to investigate the prevalence of nonresponsive feeding practice (NRFP) and child's eating behavior (CEB) and to explore the hypothetical association between child's weight status, NRFP and CEB for 1- to 6-year-old children. In this study, 2423 caregivers of 1- to 6-year-old children are from the Nanjing Maternal and Child Health Hospital who completed the self-report questionnaires about their NRFP and CEB as well as their children's sociodemographic data. Chi-square test and multiple regression analyses were used to examine the correlation between child's weight status and NRFP and CEB...
September 11, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889657/the-physiologic-pattern-of-normal-labor-progression
#18
Jun Zhang, Tao Duan
The escalating frequency of obstetric interventions such as oxytocin augmentation and cesarean delivery has raised concerns to practitioners and the public. While maternal consequences of cesarean section are well recognized by obstetricians, the impact of cesarean birth on child health has come under the spot light in recent years. Mounting evidence is linking cesarean birth with childhood allergic disorders, such as asthma, childhood obesity and neurodevelopmental disorders (Cho CE, et al. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2013;208:249-54...
September 10, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888814/primary-and-secondary-enuresis-pathophysiology-diagnosis-and-treatment
#19
REVIEW
Bernhard Haid, Serdar Tekgül
CONTEXT: Enuresis is a common and possibly underestimated condition. While 5-10% of school-aged children suffer from the condition, a lack of background knowledge may impede timely child-adapted and successful therapy. OBJECTIVE: To provide a comprehensive overview of the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of enuresis. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Guideline and position papers from the European Society of Pediatric Urology, the European Association of Urology, and the International Children's Continence Society were acquired...
September 6, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888488/cognitive-interviews-for-validating-the-family-nutrition-physical-activity-instrument-for-korean-american-families-with-young-children
#20
So Hyun Park, Chang Gi Park, Linda McCreary, Kathleen F Norr
PURPOSE: Childhood obesity is a growing health concern for Korean-Americans (KA). The purpose of this study was to develop a culturally appropriate Korean-language version of the Family Nutrition Physical Activity (FNPA) instrument and evaluate its comprehensibility and cultural appropriateness of the FNPA for KAs. DESIGN AND METHODS: The FNPA was translated into Korean and cognitive interviews were conducted with 19 KA mothers in the Chicago metropolitan area. RESULTS: Overall, participants reported that the FNPA is easy to understand and said they had no difficulty answering items using a 4-point Likert scale...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
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