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obesity artherosclerosis

Luis García-Olmos, Angel Alberquilla, Victoria Ayala, Pilar García-Sagredo, Leticia Morales, Montserrat Carmona, María José de Tena-Dávila, Mario Pascual, Adolfo Muñoz, Carlos H Salvador, Jose L Monteagudo
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is frequent and often coexists with other diseases. The aim of this study was to quantify the prevalence of COPD and related chronic comorbidity among patients aged over 40 years visiting family practices in an area of Madrid. METHODS: An observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted in a health area of the Madrid Autonomous Region (Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid). The practice population totalled 198,670 persons attended by 129 Family Physicians (FPs), and the study population was made up of persons over the age of 40 years drawn from this practice population...
2013: BMC Family Practice
Sascha Gerdes, Svetlana Osadtschy, Martin Rostami-Yazdi, Norbert Buhles, Michael Weichenthal, Ulrich Mrowietz
White adipose tissue is known to be involved in numerous physiological processes such as insulin-mediated functions, lipid and glucose metabolism, vascular changes and coagulation. These processes are mainly mediated by adipokines that are secreted either from adipocytes or cells of the stromal-vascular fraction of adipose tissue. In obesity, a shift in the production of adipokines can mediate the development of associated diseases, such as metabolic syndrome, and vascular complications, such as artherosclerosis, myocardial infarction or stroke, which are known comorbidities of psoriasis too...
January 2012: Experimental Dermatology
Yun-Ling Liu, Hong-Ri Liang, Hao-Tian Liu, Shu-Ying Li, Ye-ying Zhou, Hui-Ling Cheng, Liao-Sheng Zhou
BACKGROUND: The atherosclerotic process starts at an early age and is linked to obesity. However, the exact pathophysiological mechanism is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between serum adiponectin and metabolic syndrome and early arteriosclerosis. SUBJECTS: 176 obese and 88 normal children. METHODS: Ultrasound measurement was performed to investigate IMT, FMD, carotid artery compliance (CAC)...
August 2010: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Federica Cioffi, Antonia Lanni, Fernando Goglia
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The article is principally intended to describe the recent evolutions in the field of research concerned with the metabolic actions of thyroid hormones and those of some of their metabolites or derivatives. Mitochondria, as a result of their functions, represent the principal objective of scientists investigating the mechanisms underlying the effects of thyroid hormones or their metabolites/derivatives. RECENT FINDINGS: Indeed, some important recent findings concern these organelles, and in particular mitochondrial uncoupling and its modulation by effectors...
October 2010: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
Andrzej Stanisław Radziszewski, Bernadetta Ostrega-Dudek, Alicja Suseł, Przemysław Kopeć, Andrzej Bartłomiej Radziszewski
In the year 2004 there were 2515 patients hospitalysed in the Internal Diseases Department in Dabrowa Tarnowska. In this group 670 of persons suffered from diabetes mellitus t 2. In more than 62 patients the diabetes was detected coincidentally during hospitalization on account of other diseases. Analysed was the occurrence of other risk factors of artherosclerosis in this group, such as: age, sex, hypertension (mild in 17.7%, moderate in 29.1% and severe in 33.9% of patients), obesity (45%), high serum level of cholesterol (200-250 mg% in 45 % and >250 mg% in 24% of patients), BMI indicator (>30 in 40% of subjects), serum level of creatinine (>1...
2006: Przegla̧d Lekarski
Renata Kuczyńska, Aurelia Sieluzycka, Joanna Gasiorowska, Ewa Grabarczyk, Barbara Góralczyk, Mieczysława Czerwionka-Szaflarska
UNLABELLED: Since artherosclerosis processes were proved to have their origins as early as in one's childhood, attempts have been made to find the risk factors in the population of the developmental age. AIM: The aim of this work was the analysis of lipidogram parameters and the parameters of coagulation and fibrynolysis systems in overweight and obese children and adolescents. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 101 children and adolescents aged 4-19 were examined, including 30 overweight and 34 obese ones, with the control group comprising 37 patients with normal body weight...
December 2006: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Andreas Pfützner, Christian A Schneider, Thomas Forst
The antidiabetic compound pioglitazone, an activator of the intracellular peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma, and decreases metabolic and vascular insulin resistance. The drug is well tolerated, and its metabolic effects include improvements in blood glucose and lipid control. Vascular effects consist of improvements in endothelial function and hypertension, and a reduction in surrogate markers of artherosclerosis. In a large, placebo-controlled, outcome study in secondary prevention, PROactive study, the use of pioglitazone in addition to an existing optimized macrovascular risk management resulted in a significant reduction of macrovascular endpoints within a short observation period that was comparable to the effect of statins and angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors in other trials...
July 2006: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
Nurulain T Zaveri
Can drinking several cups of green tea a day keep the doctor away? This certainly seems so, given the popularity of this practice in East Asian culture and the increased interest in green tea in the Western world. Several epidemiological studies have shown beneficial effects of green tea in cancer, cardiovascular, and neurological diseases. The health benefits associated with green tea consumption have also been corroborated in animal studies of cancer chemoprevention, hypercholesterolemia, artherosclerosis, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, and other aging-related disorders...
March 27, 2006: Life Sciences
H Zhu, S Wang, Y Xu, Y Chen
To investigate the disorder of lipid metabolism and explore the possible mechanism of increasing risk of atherosclerosis(AS) in simple childhood obesity, serum lipids and apolipoprotein were examined. 49 obese children were selected and another 49 non-obese children were selected as control. Their serum lipids (TG, TC, VLDL-ch, HDL-ch and LDL-ch) and apolipoprotein(apoA1 and apoB100) were measured. The results showed TG, VLDL-ch, apoB100, artherosclerosis index (AI) and LDL-ch/HDL-ch ratio in childhood obesity were significantly higher than that in normal children (P < 0...
March 30, 2000: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
J Linares-Palomino, J Gutiérrez, C López-Espada, E Ros, J Moreno, T Pérez, M Rodríguez, M C Maroto
INTRODUCTION: Chlamydia pneumoniae has relationship with artherosclerosis of carotid artery by seroepidemiological studies and by demonstration of the bacteria in atheromata. We made a case-control study to know the seroprevalence of chronic infection of C. pneumoniae and the presence of the bacteria in arterial biopsies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The cases group was constituted by 26 patients undergoing carotid surgery. In the control group there were 50 patients without atherosclerosis and who underwent removal of their varicose veins...
February 1, 2001: Revista de Neurologia
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