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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340132/the-impact-of-weight-and-weight-related-perceptions-on-smoking-status-among-young-adults-in-a-text-messaging-cessation-program
#1
Kisha I Coa, Erik Augustson, Annette Kaufman
Introduction: Weight gain and concerns about weight can influence a smoker's ability to successfully quit, and young adults are a subgroup of smokers who are particularly concerned about the impact of quitting on their body weight. This study explored the associations between body mass index (BMI), weight perceptions, and smoking status among young adults. Methods: The sample consisted of 4,027 young adults between the ages of 18 and 29 who participated in a randomized control trial of the National Cancer Institute's SmokefreeTXT program...
March 3, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337856/contribution-of-snacks-to-dietary-intakes-of-young-children-in-the-united-states
#2
Lenka H Shriver, Barbara J Marriage, Tama D Bloch, Colleen K Spees, Samantha A Ramsay, Rosanna P Watowicz, Christopher A Taylor
Nutritional quality of children's diets is a public health priority in the fight against childhood obesity and chronic diseases. The main purpose of this study was to determine contribution of snacks to energy and nutrient intakes and to identify leading snack food sources of energy, total fat, and added sugars amongst young children in the United States. Using the 2005-2012 NHANES data, dietary intakes of 2- to 5-year-old children were analysed from a parent-reported 24-hour dietary recall (n = 3,429). Snacking occasions were aggregated to determine the proportion of total food/beverage intake obtained from snacks, estimate energy, and nutrient intakes, and identify the leading snack food sources of energy, added sugars, and total fat...
March 23, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336466/global-trends-and-predictions-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-mortality
#3
Paola Bertuccio, Federica Turati, Greta Carioli, Teresa Rodriguez, Carlo La Vecchia, Matteo Malvezzi, Eva Negri
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has been one of the few cancers showing upward trends over recent decades in most countries, and is the third cause of cancer death worldwide. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We updated global trends in HCC mortality to 2014, and predicted trends in rates in the EU, USA and Japan to 2020, using data from the World Health Organization database. RESULTS: In EU men, mortality rates were stable in the last decade around 3...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335768/leisure-sedentary-time-is-differentially-associated-with-hypertension-diabetes-mellitus-and-hyperlipidemia-depending-on-occupation
#4
Man Sup Lim, Bumjung Park, Il Gyu Kong, Songyong Sim, So Young Kim, Jin-Hwan Kim, Hyo Geun Choi
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behavior is considered an independent cause of cardio-metabolic diseases, regardless of physical activity level and obesity. Few studies have reported the association between leisure sedentary time and cardio-vascular diseases in terms of occupation. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study using data from the Korean Community Health Survey (KCHS) for 240,086 participants assessed in 2011 and 2013. Occupation was categorized into four groups: farmer or fisherman, laborer, and soldier (Group I); service worker, salesperson, technician, mechanic, production worker, and engineer (Group II); manager, expert, specialist, and clerk (Group III); and unemployed (Group IV)...
March 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335757/sophorae-flos-extract-inhibits-rankl-induced-osteoclast-differentiation-by-suppressing-the-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-nfatc1-pathway-in-mouse-bone-marrow-cells
#5
Jeong-Mi Kim, Jung-Han Lee, Guem-San Lee, Eun-Mi Noh, Hyun-Kyung Song, Dong Ryun Gu, Seong-Cheol Kim, Seoung Hoon Lee, Kang-Beom Kwon, Young-Rae Lee
BACKGROUND: Sophorae Flos (SF) is a composite of flowers and buds of Styphnolobium japonicum (L.) Schott and has been used in traditional Korean and Chinese medicine for the treatment of hemostasis and inflammation. Previous studies reported that SF possesses anti-obesity properties, as well as anti-allergic, anti-proliferative, and anti-inflammatory activities. However, the effect of SF in bone resorption has not been studies. In this study, we examined the potential of SF extract (SFE) to inhibit receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL) -induced osteoclast differentiation in cultured mouse-derived bone marrow macrophages (BMMs)...
March 23, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335587/neuronatin-is-associated-with-anti-inflammatory-role-in-the-white-adipose-tissue
#6
Hye In Ka, Sora Han, Ae Lee Jeong, Sunyi Lee, Hyo Jeong Yong, Ariundavaa Boldbaatar, Hyun Jeong Joo, Su Jung Soh, Ji Young Park, Jong-Seok Lim, Myung Sok Lee, Young Yang
Neuronatin (NNAT) is known to regulate ion channels during brain development and plays a role in maintaining the structure of the nervous system. A previous in silico analysis showed that Nnat was overexpressed in the adipose tissue of an obese rodent model relative to the wild-type. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the function of Nnat in the adipose tissue. Because obesity is known to systemically induce low-grade inflammation, the Nnat expression level was examined in the adipose tissue obtained from C57BL/6 mice administered lipopolysaccharide (LPS)...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335575/public-preferences-for-the-use-of-taxation-and-labelling-policy-measures-to-combat-obesity-in-young-children-in-australia
#7
Tracy Comans, Nicole Moretto, Joshua Byrnes
Objective: Childhood obesity is a serious concern for developed and developing countries. This study aimed to assess the level of support in Australia for regulation and to assess whether systematic differences occur between individuals who support increased regulation and individuals who oppose it. Methods: An online survey (n = 563) was used to assess parental/caregiver preferences for taxation policy options and nutrition labelling designed to address the incidence of childhood obesity. Participants were parents or caregivers of young children (3 to 7 years) who were actively enrolled in an existing birth cohort study in South-East Queensland, Australia...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335099/endoscopic-treatment-of-diverse-complications-caused-by-laparoscopic-adjustable-gastric-banding-a-study-in-eastern-asia
#8
Su Young Kim, Kyong Yong Oh, Jun-Won Chung, Yoon Jae Kim, Kyoung Oh Kim, Kwang An Kwon, Dong Kyun Park, Kyoung Kon Kim, Seong Min Kim
Background/Aims: The use of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is increasing proportionally with the obesity epidemic. However, some postoperative complications have been highlighted as major problems associated with LAGB. There is no consensus concerning the endoscopic management of these adverse events. The aim of this study was to retrospectively review the feasibility and effectiveness of endoscopic treatment for LAGB complications. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 352 patients who underwent LAGB between 2011 and 2015...
March 24, 2017: Gut and Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333968/a-genome-wide-association-study-of-thyroid-stimulating-hormone-and-free-thyroxine-in-danish-children-and-adolescents
#9
Tenna Ruest Haarmark Nielsen, Emil Vincent Rosenbaum Appel, Mathilde Svendstrup, Johanne Dam Ohrt, Maria Dahl, Cilius Esmann Fonvig, Mette Hollensted, Christian Theil Have, Haja N Kadarmideen, Oluf Pedersen, Torben Hansen, Jens-Christian Holm, Niels Grarup
BACKGROUND: Hypothyroidism is associated with obesity, and thyroid hormones are involved in the regulation of body composition, including fat mass. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in adults have identified 19 and 6 loci associated with plasma concentrations of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and free thyroxine (fT4), respectively. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify and characterize genetic variants associated with circulating TSH and fT4 in Danish children and adolescents and to examine whether these variants associate with obesity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333214/-forever-young-%C3%A2-testosterone-replacement-therapy-a-blockbuster-drug-despite-flabby-evidence-and-broken-promises
#10
Andrea Busnelli, Edgardo Somigliana, Paolo Vercellini
In the last decade, testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) has been increasingly prescribed to treat a controversial condition known as 'late-onset hypogonadism (LOH)'. This syndrome is diagnosed in men who, for no discernible reason other than older age, obesity or ill health have serum testosterone concentrations below the normal range for healthy young men and report one or more of the following symptoms: muscle weakness or wasting, mood, behaviour and cognition-related symptoms and sexual function or libido impairment...
February 23, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331532/vitamin-d-a-possible-modifying-factor-linking-obesity-to-vascular-calcification-in-hemodialysis-patients
#11
Jwa-Kyung Kim, Mi Jin Park, Young Rim Song, Hyung Jik Kim, Sung Gyun Kim
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a risk factor for increased cardiovascular disease. Whether vitamin D deficiency modifies this association is unclear. Here, we examined the association of obesity and vitamin D deficiency with vascular calcification score (VCS) in incident end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 213 ESRD patients. Vitamin D deficiency was defined as serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels below 10 ng/mL, and obesity was defined as a percentage of body fat (PBF) higher than the sex-specific median value in the cohort (>26...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331253/content-of-food-advertising-for-young-adolescents-on-television
#12
Setu Gupta, Swati Kalra, Jaya Shankar Kaushik, Piyush Gupta
BACKGROUND: Food related advertisements on television may have a major influence on the dietary habits and obesity among young adolescents. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency and typology of food advertisements on most popular television channels, watched by school-going young adolescents in Delhi. METHODOLOGY: Biphasic study to (a) identify the three television channels most frequently watched by administering a questionnaire to 400 school going young adolescents; and (b) view each of these channels for 2 hours per day for 6 days each, and observe the content of advertisements related to foods, beverages, and food outlets...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331102/clinical-features-of-women-with-turner-syndrome-experiencing-transition-period-in-japan
#13
Satsuki Nishigaki, Takashi Hamazaki, Akitoshi Tsuruhara, Toshiko Yoshida, Takuji Imamura, Hiroshi Inada, Keinosuke Fujita, Haruo Shintaku
Turner syndrome results from the entire or partial loss of the second X chromosome, and is associated with a number of medical problems. Affected women require long-term medical follow-up. This study investigated the status of medical follow-up focusing on the transition for young adult women with Turner syndrome (TS). The clinical profiles of 63 women with TS over the age of 16 were retrospectively examined. Thirty-three women are continuously followed by pediatric endocrinologists at our pediatric division...
March 22, 2017: Endocrine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328662/surgical-management-of-hidradenitis-suppurativa-a-14-year-retrospective-review-of-98-consecutive-patients
#14
Kathleen S Romanowski, Alice Fagin, Bridget Werling, Gretchen Kass, Junlin Liao, Thomas Granchi, Gerald P Kealey, Lucy Wibbenmeyer
Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a debilitating suppurative disease of the apocrine/follicular glands. Medical treatment has some efficacy in early-stage disease but is costly and requires frequent physician visits. Advanced disease usually requires surgical intervention. This treatment has not been well described in the literature. We sought to review our experience with HS treatment in a large surgical cohort. A retrospective review of 98 consecutive HS patients from 2000 to 2014 was performed. A two-stage operative approach was used...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327528/anti-obesity-effect-of-bombus-ignitus-queen-glycosaminoglycans-in-rats-on-a-high-fat-diet
#15
Mi Young Ahn, Ban Ji Kim, Ha Jeong Kim, Hyung Joo Yoon, Sang Duck Jee, Jae Sam Hwang, Kun-Koo Park
The mechanism of functional insect glycosaminoglycan (GAG) on obesity caused a high fat diet has not yet been elucidated. Therefore, insect glycosaminoglycans derived from Isaria sinclairii, Bombus ignitus (a type of bumblebee) queen, and Gryllus bimaculatus were purified and investigated as a potential functional food. 14-week old male Wistar rats were fed a high-fat diet (HFD) for 6 weeks. There were five groups that received daily intraperitoneal administration of phosphate buffered saline (PBS, control), GbG (GAG from Gryllus bimaculatus) 10 mg/kg, ISG (GAG from Isaria sinclairii) 10 mg/kg, IQG (GAG from Bombus ignites) 10 mg/kg, or Pravastatin (2 mg/kg)...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326296/association-between-sarcopenic-obesity-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-postmenopausal-women-a-cross-sectional-study-based-on-the-korean-national-health-and-nutritional-examination-surveys-from-2008-to-2011
#16
Sun-Young Kang, Gyeong Eun Lim, Yang Keun Kim, Hye Won Kim, Kayoung Lee, Tae-Jin Park, Jinseung Kim
BACKGROUND: Menopause contributes to an increase in visceral fat mass and a decrease in muscle protein synthesis. Therefore, we performed this study to examine their relationship how effect the changes of body composition as obesity and sarcopenia on metabolic syndrome (MS) as a predictor of cardiovascular disease in postmenopausal women. METHODS: Using data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) from 2008 to 2011, we estimated that 4,183 postmenopausal women underwent dual energy X-ray absorptiometry scans...
February 2017: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326002/anti-obesity-effect-of-solidago-virgaurea-var-gigantea-extract-through-regulation-of-adipogenesis-and-lipogenesis-pathways-in-high-fat-diet-induced-obese-mice-c57bl-6n
#17
Zhiqiang Wang, Ju Hee Kim, Young Soo Jang, Chea Ha Kim, Jae-Yong Lee, Soon Sung Lim
Background: Obesity is associated with an increase in adipogenesis and is becoming a serious health problem in modern society. Objective: The effects of various Solidago virgaurea var. gigantean (SV) ethanolic aqueous extracts on anti-adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 cells were investigated. In addition, the effect of SV 10% ethanolic extract (SV10E) on preventing obesity was studied in high-fat diet-induced obese mice (C57BL/6 N). Design: The effect of SV10E on preventing obesity was studied in mice (n = 6): normal-fat diet, high-fat diet (HFD), HFD supplemented with 1% (10 g/kg) Garcinia cambogia extract of 60% (-)-hydroxycitric acid (positive control), HFD supplemented with 0...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323975/muscle-sympathetic-nerve-activity-is-associated-with-elements-of-the-plasma-lipidomic-profile-in-young-asian-adults
#18
Nina Eikelis, Elisabeth A Lambert, Sarah Phillips, Carolina Ika Sari, Piyushkumar A Mundra, Jacquelyn M Weir, Kevin Huynh, Mariee T Grima, Nora E Straznicky, John B Dixon, Markus P Schlaich, Peter J Meikle, Gavin W Lambert
Background: Asian subjects are at increased cardio-metabolic risk at comparatively lower BMI compared with Caucasians. Sympathetic nervous system activation and dyslipidaemia, both characteristics of increased adiposity, appear to be related. We therefore analysed the association of muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) with the plasma lipidomic profile in young Asian and Caucasian subjects. Methods: Blood samples were collected from 101 participants of either Asian or Caucasian background, aged 18-30, BMI 28...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323941/the-diverse-metabolic-roles-of-peripheral-serotonin
#19
Alyce M Martin, Richard L Young, Lex Leong, Geraint B Rogers, Nick J Spencer, Claire F Jessup, Damien J Keating
Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) is a multi-functional bioamine with important signaling roles in a range of physiological pathways. Almost all the 5-HT in our body is synthesized in specialized enteroendocrine cells within the gastrointestinal (GI) mucosa called enterochromaffin (EC) cells. These cells provide all our circulating 5-HT. While we have long appreciated the important roles of 5-HT within the gut including the modulation of GI motility, there is recently emerging evidence of the physiological and clinical significance of gut-derived 5-HT outside of the gut...
March 1, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323920/perinatal-exposure-to-low-dose-bisphenol-a-bpa-disrupts-the-structural-and-functional-development-of-the-hypothalamic-feeding-circuitry
#20
Harry MacKay, Zachary R Patterson, Alfonso Abizaid
Bisphenol-A (BPA) is a component of polycarbonate and other plastics to which humans are regularly exposed at low levels. BPA is characterized as an endocrine disruptor due to observations of its estrogenic activity in various experimental models. We have previously shown evidence of disrupted hypothalamic feeding circuitry and leptin sensitivity in adult BPA-exposed animals subject to a high-fat diet, but because these animals were already exhibiting a diet-induced obese phenotype, we could not rule out the possibility that these observations were simply consequences of the obesity, not a pre-existing phenotype produced by BPA exposure...
February 7, 2017: Endocrinology
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