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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716636/a-simplified-clinical-prediction-rule-for-prognosticating-independent-walking-after-spinal-cord-injury-a-prospective-study-from-a-canadian-multicenter-spinal-cord-injury-registry
#1
Katharine E Hicks, Yichen Zhao, Nader Fallah, Carly Rivers, Vanessa Noonan, Tova Plashkes, Eugene K Wai, Darren M Roffey, Eve Tsai, Jerome Paquet, Najmedden Attabib, Travis Marion, Henry Ahn, Philippe Phan
BACKGROUND: Context: Traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) is a debilitating condition with limited treatment options for neurological or functional recovery. The ability to predict the prognosis of walking post-injury with emerging prediction models could aid in rehabilitation strategies and reintegration into the community. PURPOSE: To re-validate an existing clinical prediction model for independent ambulation (van Middendorp et al. 2011) utilising acute and long-term post-injury follow-up data, and to investigate the accuracy of a simplified model using prospectively collected data from a Canadian multicenter SCI database, the Rick Hansen Spinal Cord Injury Registry (RHSCIR)...
July 14, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711891/-strategic-patient-safety-action-plan-for-the-anesthesiology-and-intensive-care-service-of-ukraine-basic-modules-and-their-components
#2
Роман Н Федосюк
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, the problem of patient safety has become top-priority in further improvement of national healthcare systems in all developed countries. AIM: To develop a modular structure and a component composition of the strategic patient safety action plan for the anesthesiology and intensive care service of Ukraine as a part of the National Action Plan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Major domestic priorities, substantiated and made public by the author in previous works, are taken as the basis for the modular structuring of the action plan...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700051/pharmacotherapeutic-follow-up-of-patients-with-chagas-disease-using-benznidazole-drug-related-problems-and-pharmaceutical-interventions
#3
João Paulo Ramalho Correia, Alanna Carla da Costa, Eduardo Arrais Rocha, Ana Rosa Pinto Quidute, Darlan da Silva Cândido, Ângela Maria de Souza Ponciano, Marta Maria de França Fonteles, Maria de Fátima Oliveira
INTRODUCTION: Benznidazole (BNZ) is a drug available for the etiological treatment of Chagas disease. However, this drug is toxic and has a limited effectiveness on the chronic phase of this disease, often leading to poor treatment adherence. METHODS: This is a descriptive and exploratory study conducted at the Pharmaceutical Care Service for Chagas disease patients of the Federal University of Ceará. Drug-related problems (DRPs) and pharmaceutical interventions (PIs) were classified according to the Second Consensus of Granada...
May 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699488/a-review-of-interventions-to-improve-enrolment-and-attendance-to-cardiac-rehabilitation-among-patients-aged-65-years-or-above
#4
Bashir M Matata, Sean Andrew Williamson
Purpose This review provides an overview and quality assessment of existing interventions, assessing the intervention types that are most effective at increasing enrolment and adherence to cardiac rehabilitation in older patients aged ≥65 years Methods The review of the literature was performed using electronic databases that searched for randomised controlled trials that aimed to increase enrolment and/or adherence to cardiac rehabilitation in older patients aged ≥65 years. The main key words were cardiac rehabilitation, enrolment, adherence and older patients...
July 9, 2017: Current Cardiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690688/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-to-brazil-of-the-scale-of-attitudes-toward-physician-pharmacists-collaboration
#5
Luiza Cunha, Sabrina Neves, Tatiane C Marques, Dyego Araújo, Thaciana Alcantara, Divaldo P Lyra
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing complexity of medication therapies and the expansion of pharmaceutical clinical services to optimize patient care working in collaboration with physicians. In this sense, interdisciplinary education has been encouraged. However, no instrument is available to measure attitudes toward collaborative relationships. OBJECTIVE: To translate, cross-cultural adaptation and validation an instrument to measure collaboration attitudes toward students of medicine/pharmacy and physicians/pharmacists...
April 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685503/interventions-to-prevent-occupational-noise-induced-hearing-loss
#6
REVIEW
Christina Tikka, Jos H Verbeek, Erik Kateman, Thais C Morata, Wouter A Dreschler, Silvia Ferrite
BACKGROUND: This is the second update of a Cochrane Review originally published in 2009. Millions of workers worldwide are exposed to noise levels that increase their risk of hearing disorders. There is uncertainty about the effectiveness of hearing loss prevention interventions. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of non-pharmaceutical interventions for preventing occupational noise exposure or occupational hearing loss compared to no intervention or alternative interventions...
July 7, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680362/medical-biochemistry-as-subdiscipline-of-laboratory-medicine-in-serbia
#7
Snežana Jovičić, Nada Majkić-Singh
Medical biochemistry is the usual name for clinical biochemistry or clinical chemistry in Serbia, and medical biochemist is the official name for the clinical chemist (or clinical biochemist). This is the largest sub-discipline of the laboratory medicine in Serbia. It includes all aspects of clinical chemistry, and also laboratory hematology with coagulation, immunology, etc. Medical biochemistry laboratories in Serbia and medical biochemists as a profession are part of Health Care System and their activities are regulated through: the Health Care Law and rules issued by the Chamber of Medical Biochemists of Serbia...
April 2017: Journal of Medical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674303/global-practices-of-interprofessional-education-ipe-and-relevant-international-activities
#8
Naoko Arakawa
 Activities related to interprofessional education (IPE) vary between countries according to local and national health needs and systems. The International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP) Education Initiative endeavors to provide a global vision in IPE by the sharing of experiences and gathering of evidence collaboratively to facilitate country-level initiatives. The purpose of this paper is to contribute to the further development of IPE activities in pharmacy in Japan through sharing global perspectives and activities related to IPE...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674299/introduction-interprofessional-education-ipe-and-pharmaceutical-education-saitama-interprofessional-education-project
#9
Osamu Hosoya
 In 2002, the Centre for the Advancement of Interprofessional Education (CAIPE) defined interprofessional education (IPE) as: Interprofessional Education occurs when two or more professions learn with, from, and about each other to improve collaboration and the quality of care. Since 2005, also in Japan, IPE has been introduced within educational institutions to train professionals in healthcare and welfare. Within pharmaceutical education, to acquire the "10 qualities required for pharmacists" indicated by revised model core curricula for pharmaceutical education in 2015, IPE is thought quite important...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674298/thorough-discussion-what-does-ipe-bring-to-pharmaceutical-education
#10
Kenji Sugibayashi, Itsuko Ishii
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670578/postgraduate-courses-in-pharmaceutical-medicine-in-italy
#11
REVIEW
Domenico Criscuolo
Italy has a significant tradition of excellence in the area of clinical trials (CTRs): important achievements in the clinical development of rifampicin and adriamycin, the two most famous drugs discovered in the research laboratories of two Italian pharmaceutical companies, paved the way to the establishment of a culture of clinical development, mainly in the areas of antimicrobials and oncology. Despite the fact that now the Italian market of pharmaceuticals is largely dominated by multinational companies with headquarters outside Italy, the contribution of Italian studies to the clinical development of new drugs is still significant...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669391/rates-of-serum-level-determinations-of-antiepileptic-drugs-in-accord-with-guidelines-a-clinical-study-at-a-tertiary-center
#12
REVIEW
A Hanin, R Tubiana, M Bedouet, A Gales, N Zahr, A Liou, S Dupont
OBJECTIVE: To compare our rates of appropriate therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) with those defined in the French guidelines for measuring drug levels of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) during the pre- and post-medical/pharmaceutical interventional periods. METHODS: This study was prospectively carried out at a tertiary center (epilepsy unit of the Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital in Paris) between 2013 and 2016 over three time periods. Criteria for appropriateness were those stated in the current French guidelines...
June 29, 2017: Revue Neurologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662608/scotland-a-changing-prescription-for-pharmacy
#13
Ailsa Power
Within primary care in Scotland, the community pharmacist is considered the first port of call for advice on minor ailments and public health issues, and providing care for people with long-term conditions. This leading article explores the educational pathway underpinning the training of these pharmacists and pharmacists working in GP practices, as they move from undergraduate through Foundation to undertake significant new patient-focused clinical roles. NHS Education for Scotland (NES) are working with these pharmacists to support these developments...
June 30, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662001/drug-related-problems-identified-at-patients-home-a-prospective-observational-study-in-a-rural-area-of-thailand
#14
Chuenjid Kongkaew, Janthima Methaneethorn, Pajaree Mongkhon, Supinya Dechanont, Watcharaporn Taburee
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to examine the prevalence rates, nature, and predictors of drug-related problems (DRPs) experienced in participants living at home in a rural Thailand. METHOD: A cross-sectional observational study was undertaken during December 2015 to January 2016. Drug-related problems were identified within a rural township having a population of 5256 by means of home visits by pharmacists. All suspected cases were then assessed for severity and preventability by clinical specialists...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659219/evaluating-physician-awareness-of-common-health-care-costs-in-the-emergency-department
#15
Rohit Gandhi, Ian Stiell, Alan Forster, James Worthington, Madeleine Ziss, Jack B Kitts, Ranjeeta Malik
BACKGROUND: Health care costs are on the rise in Canada and the sustainability of our health care system is at risk. As gatekeepers to patient care, emergency department (ED) physicians have a direct impact on health care costs. We aimed to identify current levels of cost awareness among ED physicians. By understanding the current level of physician cost awareness, we hope to identify areas where cost education would provide the greatest benefit in reducing ordering costs. METHODS: We conducted a survey evaluating current awareness of common ordering costs among ED physicians from two tertiary teaching hospitals...
June 29, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653260/contributions-of-community-pharmacists-to-patients-on-antidepressants-a-qualitative-study-among-key-informants
#16
Laurence Guillaumie, Jocelyne Moisan, Jean-Pierre Grégoire, Denis Villeneuve, Clément Beaucage, Lilianne Bordeleau, Sophie Lauzier
Background Patients with an antidepressant drug treatment (ADT) report unmet needs and a significant proportion stop their ADT prematurely. Community pharmacists can play a key role in supporting these patients. Objective To explore the perspectives of various leaders in health care about the current and potential contributions of community pharmacists to patients on ADT. Setting The province of Quebec (Canada). Method We conducted a qualitative descriptive exploratory study using interviews among leaders who were involved in health care services, pharmaceutical services, physician and pharmacist education, as well as patient and healthcare professional associations...
June 26, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651923/randomized-controlled-trials-covering-pharmaceutical-care-and-medicines-management-a-systematic-review-of-literature
#17
REVIEW
Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar, Rozina Kousar, Ghulam Murtaza, Saira Azhar, Shujaat Ali Khan, Louise Curley
OBJECTIVE: To review the effects of pharmaceutical care on hospitalizations, mortality and clinical outcomes in patients. METHODS: Systematic searches were conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE and International Pharmaceutical Abstracts (IPA) databases to identify studies that were published between 2004 and January 2017. Studies included in this review were randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that spanned across both community and hospital settings. Using strict inclusion/exclusion criteria studies were included if they reported level 1 or 2 outcomes in the hierarchy of outcome measure i...
June 19, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648315/psychometric-properties-of-the-patient-reported-outcomes-measure-of-pharmaceutical-therapy-for-quality-of-life-prompt-qol
#18
Phantipa Sakthong, Chanadda Chinthammit, Pattarin Sukarnjanaset, Nontapat Sonsa-Ardjit, Wipaporn Munpan
OBJECTIVES: To assess the psychometric properties of a novel instrument for medication management, the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measure of Pharmaceutical Therapy for Quality of Life (PROMPT-QOL), using both conventional psychometrics and Rasch analysis in a large sample. METHODS: This study was conducted with 1156 adult outpatients continuously taking any medicines at least 3 months from three university hospitals in Bangkok, Thailand, between July 2014 and March 2015...
May 2017: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636480/the-emerging-role-of-pimavanserin-in-the-management-of-parkinson-s-disease-psychosis
#19
Neal Hermanowicz, Gustavo Alva, Fernando Pagan, Alberto J Espay, Amita Patel, Katya Cruz Madrid, Daniel Kremens, Jim Kenney, Sheila Arquette, Gary Tereso, Maria Lopes, Carolyn Farnum
A panel of experts drawn from neurology, psychiatry, geropsychiatry, geriatrics, and pharmacy representatives of 3 health plans convened in New York City on July 30, 2016, with the objective of sharing opinions, ideas, and information regarding the optimal management of Parkinson's disease psychosis (PDP). Three key points emerged from the discussion: (1) Because of the nature of Parkinson's disease and PDP, finding appropriate treatment can prove challenging; (2) emerging therapies may present an opportunity for effective disease management; and (3) moving forward, provider and patient education regarding PDP and available treatment options is essential for well-managed symptoms and better quality of life...
June 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617194/impact-of-online-toxicology-training-on-health-professionals-the-global-educational-toxicology-uniting-project-getup
#20
Anselm Wong, Rais Vohra, Andrew H Dawson, Andrew Stolbach
OBJECTIVE: The Global Educational Toxicology Uniting Project (GETUP), supported by the American College of Medical Toxicology, links countries with and without toxicology services via distance education with the aim to improve education. Due to the lack of toxicology services in some countries there is a knowledge gap in the management of poisonings. We describe our experience with the worldwide delivery of an online introductory toxicology curriculum to emergency doctors and other health professionals treating poisoned patients...
June 15, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
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