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Pharmaceutical education

Urska Nabergoj Makovec, Mitja Kos, Nina Pisk
Background In December 2014 Slovene Chamber of Pharmacies defined procedures for Medicines Use Review (MUR) in Slovenia, together with an educational program and certification to ensure pharmacists' competency to perform MUR. The first 15 pharmacists were certified in June 2015 and implemented the service in their practices. Objective This study aimed to understand the implementation of MUR from the perspectives of the first community pharmacists providing the service in practice. Methods A focus group with first MUR providers took place in February 2016, 6 months after the first pharmacists were certified to provide MUR service...
June 16, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Conor Senecal, R Jay Widmer, Matthew P Johnson, Lilach O Lerman, Amir Lerman
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a common and difficult-to-treat condition; digital health tools may serve as adjuncts to traditional pharmaceutical and lifestyle-based interventions. Using a retrospective observational study we sought to evaluate the effect of a desktop and mobile digital health intervention (DHI) as an adjunct to a workplace health program in those previously diagnosed with hypertension. METHODS: As part of a workplace health program, 3330 patients were identified as previously diagnosed with hypertension...
May 30, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
J E Megías-Vericat, E Monte-Boquet, M Martín-Cerezuela, M J Cuéllar-Monreal, M V Tarazona-Casany, P Pérez-Huertas, S Bonanad, J L Poveda-Andrés
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVES: Most of the clotting factor (CF) dispensations to haemophiliac patients are centralized in a few haemophilia treatment centres, necessitating frequent visits and long travel distances. The aim was to evaluate the home delivery programme developed by the Outpatient Pharmaceutical Care Unit (OPCU) through the association of patients (ASHECOVA). METHODS: A specific software programme was designed to communicate the individual CF requirements...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
Maria Olívia Barboza-Zanetti, Ariane Cristina Barboza-Zanetti, Samir Antonio Rodrigues-Abjaude, Belinda Pinto-Simões, Leonardo Régis Leira-Pereira
Aims The goal of the present review was to identify studies that assess how pharmaceutical services contribute to hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Methods We conducted a systematic literature review of published studies describing results from clinical services provided by pharmacists working with HSCT, conducted according to PRISMA guidelines ( PROSPERO registration number CRD42017062391). A search strategy was applied within PubMed, CENTRAL, EMBASE, SCOPUS, and LILACS databases in April 2017...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
Xuemei Zhang, Rui Niu, Bianling Feng, Jiadong Guo, Ying Liu, Xinyu Liu
BACKGROUND: Although China's adverse drug reaction (ADR) reporting and monitoring has developed rapidly, many challenges remain. This study assessed ADR monitoring and reporting in China and identified monitoring problems. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted of ADR reporting institutions in six Chinese provinces in April-December 2014. Questionnaires assessed ADR systems, basic resources, and pharmacovigilance activity. RESULTS: Of 720 questionnaires distributed, the response rate was 81...
June 8, 2018: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
Belinda von Niederhäusern, Gordon H Guyatt, Matthias Briel, Christiane Pauli-Magnus
BACKGROUND: Compelling evidence has demonstrated that a large proportion of investment in biomedical research is wasted; this waste is avoidable. Academic institutions have, thus far, shown limited response to recommendations for increasing value and reducing waste. We formulated an academic response by (i) achieving consensus across a wide range of stakeholder groups on a comprehensive framework for quality of patient-oriented clinical research and (ii) highlighting first successful examples of its operationalization to facilitate waste-reducing strategies at academic institutions...
June 2018: PLoS Medicine
Peivand Bastani, Mahnaz Samadbeik, Rassoul Dinarvand, Sara Kashefian-Naeeini, Soudabeh Vatankhah
BACKGROUND: Iranian health sector encountered many challenges in resource allocation and health service purchasing during the past decades, the aim of this study was to determine the main challenges of the present process of health service purchasing for national policymakers and other developing countries with the same setting. METHODS: It was a qualitative study carried out via the complete content analysis of all relevant national documents from 2007 to 2014...
June 5, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Chuo Yew Ting, Shahren Ahmad Zaidi Adruce, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Hiram Ting, Chien Joo Lim, Rachel Sing-Kiat Ting, Abu Hassan Alshaari Abd Jabar, Nor Anizah Osman, Izzul Syazwan Shuib, Shing Chyi Loo, Sui Theng Sim, Su Ee Lim, Donald E Morisky
BACKGROUND: Amidst the high disease burden, non-adherence to medications among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has been reported to be common and devastating. Sarawak Pharmaceutical Services Division has formulated a pharmacist-led, multiple-theoretical-grounding, culturally sensitive and structured group-based program, namely "Know Your Medicine - Take if for Health" (MEDIHEALTH), to improve medication adherence among Malay patients with T2DM. However, to date, little is known about the effectiveness and sustainability of the Program...
June 5, 2018: Trials
Jared M Bruce, David P Jarmolowicz, Sharon Lynch, Joanie Thelen, Seung-Lark Lim, Julia Smith, Delwyn Catley, Amanda S Bruce
OBJECTIVE: Although the effectiveness and risks of multiple sclerosis (MS) therapies are established, relatively little is known about how these benefits and risks are perceived and weighed by patients. This risk-benefit trade-off is important for clinicians, industry, and regulators to consider when determining which therapies to develop, approve for clinical use, and recommend to individual patients. The primary objective of the present study was to describe individual differences in how MS patients weigh risks and benefits when making treatment decisions...
June 4, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
Hiroyuki Takano
 The number of patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) is increasing in Japan. Because there is a shortage of medical professionals to address the demands of an aging society, it is important for CHF patients to receive appropriate treatment from medical professionals in their own neighborhoods. Multidisciplinary care, involving physicians, nurses, pharmacists, care managers, et al., is indispensable for providing safe, appropriate home medical care for CHF patients. In multidisciplinary care, pharmacists play an important role, especially in improving patient adherence to CHF treatment regimens...
2018: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
Mathieu Boudes, Paul Robinson, Neil Bertelsen, Nicholas Brooke, Anton Hoos, Marc Boutin, Jan Geissler, Ify Sargeant
BACKGROUND: Meaningful patient engagement (PE) in medicines development and during the life cycle of a product requires all stakeholders have a clear understanding of respective expectations. OBJECTIVE: A qualitative survey was undertaken to understand stakeholder expectations. DESIGN: The survey explored 4 themes from the perspective of each stakeholder group: meaning, views, expectations and priorities for PE. Participants were grouped into 7 categories: policymakers/regulators; health-care professionals (HCPs); research funders; payers/purchasers/HTA; patients/patient representatives; pharmaceutical/life sciences industry; and academic researchers...
June 1, 2018: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
Rie Kubota, Kiyoshi Shibuya, Yoichi Tanaka, Manahito Aoki, Megumi Shiomi, Wataru Ando, Katsuya Otori, Takako Komiyama
The Japanese pharmaceutical curriculum was extended from four to six years in 2006. Students now receive practical communication-skills training in their fourth year, before progressing to train in hospital and community pharmacies in their fifth year. Kitasato University School of Pharmacy, Tokyo, had established a program to meet these aims before the 2006 guidance. In the present study, we discuss and evaluate the features of this communication-skills training program. This study enrolled 242 fourth-year pharmacy students at Kitasato University...
June 1, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Roger E Thomas, Diane L Lorenzetti
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of interventions to increase influenza vaccination uptake in people aged 60 years and older varies by country and participant characteristics. This review updates versions published in 2010 and 2014. OBJECTIVES: To assess access, provider, system, and societal interventions to increase the uptake of influenza vaccination in people aged 60 years and older in the community. SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL, which includes the Cochrane Acute Respiratory Infections Group's Specialised Register, MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, and ERIC for this update, as well as WHO ICTRP and ClinicalTrials...
May 30, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Hannah Lee, Benjamin K P Woo
Context: Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a global health issue among Asians, with rising prevalence and increasing disparities in proper disease management. However, studies on the perceptions of and attitudes toward diabetes, conducted to improve diabetes disparities, are disproportionately limited in Asian populations compared with other minority populations in the United States. Objective: To determine Chinese Americans' perceptions of and attitudes toward diabetes...
June 1, 2018: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
Mohammadreza Javadi, Nikinaz Ashrafi, Pooneh Salari
Nowadays pharmacists should be involved in patients care and providing pharmaceutical care more than before, but still there is a gap between standard of care and pharmacy practice in pharmacies. In this study we aimed at evaluating the pharmacists experiences and attitudes about ethical professional practice in pharmacies. The study was conducted in the Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. This study performed as a mixed method study including 12 semi-structured interviews and two focus group discussions (FGDs)...
2018: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
Savannah Posey, Jessica Brady, Kristen Pate, Jennifer Smith, Sherry Peveto
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A case competition involving pharmacy and nursing students was designed as a pilot project to determine if this would be an effective way to implement interprofessional education (IPE) within the College of Health and Pharmaceutical Sciences at the University of Louisiana at Monroe. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Level 5 nursing students and third-year pharmacy students were invited to participate in a patient case competition activity as interprofessional teams...
April 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
Bill J Bowman, Hillary Aphaisuwan
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To describe the design of an integrated pharmaceutics course sequence and to assess the sequence by evaluating both student performance and perceptions. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: The non-sterile products portion of a pharmaceutics course sequence was designed to integrate the disciplines of physical pharmacy, dosage forms, pharmacy compounding, and pharmaceutical calculations and to include the respective topics deemed most relevant to doctor of pharmacy curriculum...
April 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
Guido Giunti, Estefanía Guisado Fernández, Enrique Dorronzoro Zubiete, Octavio Rivera Romero
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a non-curable chronic inflammatory disease of the central nervous system that affects more than 2 million people worldwide. MS-related symptoms impact negatively on the quality of life of persons with MS, who need to be active in the management of their health. mHealth apps could support these patient groups by offering useful tools, providing reliable information, and monitoring symptoms. A previous study from this group identified needs, barriers, and facilitators for the use of mHealth solutions among persons with MS...
May 23, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
(no author information available yet)
Precision medicine, the customization of health care to an individual's genetic profile while accounting for biomarkers and lifestyle, has increasingly been adopted by health care stakeholders to guide the development of treatment options, improve treatment decision making, provide more patient-centered care, and better inform coverage and reimbursement decisions. Despite these benefits, key challenges prevent its broader use and adoption. On December 7-8, 2017, the Academy of Managed Care Pharmacy convened a group of stakeholders to discuss these challenges and provide recommendations to facilitate broader adoption and use of precision medicine across health care settings...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
Zhuoying Huang, Xiaodong Sun, Abram L Wagner, Jia Ren, Matthew L Boulton, Lisa A Prosser, Brian J Zikmund-Fisher
BACKGROUND: Chinese parents have access to domestic and foreign vaccines for their children. Their vaccine preferences are unclear, especially given recent pharmaceutical quality scandals and widely held beliefs deriving from Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). This study characterized parental beliefs about the safety and effectiveness of Chinese and foreign vaccines. METHODS: In May 2014, caregivers of young children at public immunization clinics in Shanghai, China, responded to a survey on vaccine perceptions...
2018: PloS One
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