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Pharmaceutical education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104570/high-risk-injecting-behaviour-among-people-who-inject-pharmaceutical-opioids-in-australia
#1
Jenny Iversen, George Dertadian, Louise Geddes, Lisa Maher
BACKGROUND: Use of opioid analgesic medicines has doubled globally over the past decade, with a concomitant increase in prevalence of injection of pharmaceutical opioids (PO), including in Australia. This study investigates types of PO injected, methods used to prepare PO for injection and correlates of recent (last 6 months) PO injection among a large national sample of people who inject drugs (PWID). METHODS: The Australian NSP Survey (ANSPS), conducted annually at ∼50 NSP services across Australia, consists of a brief self-administered questionnaire and provision of a capillary dried blood spot for HIV and hepatitis C antibody testing...
January 16, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097713/pharmacist-industry-relationships
#2
Keene Saavedra, Bonnie O'Connor, Adriane Fugh-Berman
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to document, in their own words, beliefs and attitudes that American pharmacists have towards the pharmaceutical industry and pharmacists' interactions with industry. METHODS: An ethnographic-style qualitative study was conducted utilizing open-ended interviews with four hospital pharmacists, two independent pharmacists, two retail pharmacists and one administrative pharmacist in the Washington, DC, metropolitan area to elicit descriptions of and attitudes towards pharmacists' relationships with industry...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090718/an-analysis-of-policies-for-cotrimoxazole-amoxicillin-and-azithromycin-use-in-namibia-s-public-sector-findings-and-therapeutic-implications
#3
Dan Kibuule, Mwangana Mubita, Ester Naikaku, Francis Kalemeera, Brian B Godman, Evans Sagwa
BACKGROUND: Despite Namibia's robust medicine use systems and policies, antibiotic use indicators remain suboptimal. Recent medicine use surveys rank cotrimoxazole, amoxicillin and azithromycin (CAA) among the most used medicines. However, there is rising resistance to CAA (55.9%-96.7%). Unfortunately, to date, there have been limited studies evaluating policies to improve antibiotic use in Namibia. AIM: To evaluate public sector pharmaceutical policies and guidelines influencing the therapeutic use of CAA antibiotics in Namibia...
January 16, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090100/description-and-evaluation-of-an-mpharm-practice-based-experience-pilot-program
#4
Philip Winn, Christopher J Turner
Objective. To determine the level of support among pharmacists in central Scotland to serve as mentors and provide practice-based experience to students enrolled in a master of pharmacy degree program. Methods. A study was conducted during the 2011-2012 academic year in which first-year MPharm students in Scotland were paired with practicing pharmacists for 2 half-day visits per month. The students were integrated into the pharmacy workflow and engaged in activities ranging from date checking to counseling patients...
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074749/students-use-stamp-out-program-to-advance-seniors-knowledge-of-drug-misuse
#5
Gabrielle Cozzi, Elisa Torres, Robert G Wahler
: This program assessed the impact of student presentations on 30 seniors and sought to improve their knowledge of prescription drug misuse and abuse. The six pharmacy students used the ASCP Foundation's "STAMP Out Prescription Drug Misuse and Abuse Tool Kit." Information presented to senior audiences included descriptions of drug misuse and abuse and preventive measures to uphold medication safety. Students assessed seniors' prior knowledge about the topics through audience participation...
December 1, 2016: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068563/a-review-fentanyl-and-non-pharmaceutical-fentanyls
#6
REVIEW
Joji Suzuki, Saria El-Haddad
BACKGROUND: Fentanyl and non-pharmaceutical fentanyls (NPFs) have been responsible for numerous outbreaks of overdoses all over the United States since the 1970s. However, there has been a growing concern in recent years that NPFs are contributing to an alarming rise in the number of opioid-related overdoses. METHODS: The authors conducted a narrative review of the published and grey literature on fentanyl and NPFs in PubMed, Google Scholar, and Google using the following search terms: "fentanyl", "non-pharmaceutical fentanyl", "fentanyl analogs", "fentanyl laced heroin" and "fentanyl overdose"...
December 16, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061902/disposal-practices-of-unused-and-expired-pharmaceuticals-among-general-public-in-kabul
#7
Mohammadk Bashaar, Vijay Thawani, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Fahad Saleem
BACKGROUND: Most of the medicine users remain unaware about the disposal of unused or expired medicines. The aim of this study was to know the disposal practices of unused and expired medicines among the general public in Kabul. METHODS: This was a descriptive, cross-sectional survey, conducted through face-to-face interviews using prevalidated structured questionnaire. Returned questionnaires were double-checked for accuracy. Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 23 was used for statistical analysis...
January 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056935/community-pharmacists-perceptions-about-pharmaceutical-service-of-over-the-counter-traditional-chinese-medicine-a-survey-study-in-harbin-of-china
#8
Menghuan Song, Carolina Oi Lam Ung, Vivian Wing-Yan Lee, Yuanjia Hu, Jing Zhao, Peng Li, Hao Hu
BACKGROUND: This study aims to investigate community pharmacist's perception on the provision of over-the-counter (OTC) traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) pharmaceutical services; focusing on the areas of their attitude, general practice, perceived barriers and suggested improvements. METHODS: Questionnaire survey targeting community pharmacists in Harbin of China was applied in this study. Questionnaires were distributed and collected at community pharmacies. Data was analyzed by combining descriptive analysis and Chi-test...
January 5, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049901/improvement-of-clinical-skills-through-pharmaceutical-education-and-clinical-research
#9
Junko Ishizaki
 Professors and teaching staff in the field of pharmaceutical sciences should devote themselves to staying abreast of relevant education and research. Similarly those in clinical pharmacies should contribute to the advancement of pharmaceutical research and the development of next generation pharmacists and pharmaceuticals. It is thought that those who work in clinical pharmacies should improve their own skills and expertise in problem-finding and -solving, i.e., "clinical skills". They should be keen to learn new standard treatments based on the latest drug information, and should try to be in a position where collecting clinical information is readily possible...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049892/maintenance-of-clinical-expertise-and-clinical-research-by-the-clinical-professors-at-gifu-pharmaceutical-university
#10
Tomoya Tachi, Yoshihiro Noguchi, Hitomi Teramachi
 The clinical professors at Gifu Pharmaceutical University (GPU) provide pharmaceutical services at GPU Pharmacy, Gifu University Hospital, and Gifu Municipal Hospital to keep their clinical skills up-to-date; they also perform clinical research in collaboration with many clinical institutes. The Laboratory of Clinical Pharmacy is part of the Department of Pharmacy Practice and Science, to which the clinical professors belong, and is composed of three clinical professors (a professor, an associate professor, and an assistant professor)...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049889/importance-of-pharmaceutical-training-and-clinical-research-at-medical-facilities
#11
Michiaki Myotoku
 To respond to advancements in medical techniques, and to address the separation of medical and dispensary practices, clinical professors are required to educate human resource staff to become highly-skilled pharmacists. For this purpose, it is extremely important for these professors to learn about cutting-edge practical skills and knowledge, as well as to advance their expertise. In addition, they need to conduct clinical research in cooperation with relevant facilities. As our university does not have its own hospital or pharmacy, it is important to provide training for clinical professors in clinical facilities...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049886/reconciling-pharmaceutical-education-with-clinical-research-while-maintaining-and-enhancing-clinical-ability-within-the-universities-of-clinical-professors
#12
Hitomi Teramachi, Masato Shigeyama
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033282/evaluation-of-counseling-environmental-alteration-on-pharmacy-patient-communication-qualifications-a-case-control-study
#13
Hongyan Gu, Lulu Sun, Rui Jin, Fang Li, Yuanyuan Wei, Zhengzheng Xie
The closed pharmaceutical counseling room was so hard to be established for most of hospitals in China since limited space in the out-patient lobby, which dramatically affected the qualification of medication consultant. Few reports studied the importance of closed pharmaceutical counseling room construction.To investigate the necessary of closed pharmaceutical counseling room construction in the outpatient lobby.The closed pharmaceutical counseling room was established and equipped with hospital electronic information system, patient education flashes, and we-Chat in web...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028277/-significance-of-allowing-pharmacy-students-to-attend-visits-to-home-care-patients
#14
Noriko Kobashi, Hazuki Takahashi, Yuka Sakae, Tomomi Ikegawa, Yuya Yamashita, Junko Karasawa, Junichi Shiota, Masayoshi Hirohara, Kazuki Kushida
In 2006, with the admission of a new batch of students, pharmaceutical education became a 6-year course. This was a result of the urgent need to train a new generation of pharmacists to respond to increasingly advanced and intricate medical care as well as the specific need to coordinate with multiple occupational categories. Meanwhile, with Japan becoming an aged society, medical care has undergone functional differentiation, and home care is now being promoted. As part of an 11- week practical course for 5th-year practical training, students attended visits to home care patients from an early stage, making it possible for them to be present at multiple visits...
December 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999526/cme-cne-article-a-framework-of-care-in-multiple-sclerosis-part-1-updated-disease-classification-and-disease-modifying-therapy-use-in-specific-circumstances
#15
Scott D Newsome, Philip J Aliotta, Jacquelyn Bainbridge, Susan E Bennett, Gary Cutter, Kaylan Fenton, Fred Lublin, Dorothy Northrop, David Rintell, Bryan D Walker, Megan Weigel, Kathleen Zackowski, David E Jones
: Activity Available Online: To access the article, post-test, and evaluation online, go to http://www.cmscscholar.org. TARGET AUDIENCE: The target audience for this activity is physicians, physician assistants, nursing professionals, and other health-care providers involved in the management of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). LEARNING OBJECTIVES: Apply new information about MS to a comprehensive individualized treatment plan for patients with MSIntegrate the team approach into long-term planning in order to optimize rehabilitation care of patients with MSAccreditation Statement: This activity has been planned and implemented in accordance with the accreditation requirements and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint providership of the Consortium of Multiple Sclerosis Centers (CMSC), Nurse Practitioner Alternatives (NPA), and Delaware Media Group...
November 2016: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978808/molecular-cellular-and-pharmaceutical-aspects-of-biomaterials-in-dentistry-and-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-an-internationalization-of-higher-education-and-research-perspective
#16
Lidia M Wisniewska, David M Dohan Ehrenfest, Pablo Galindo-Moreno, Jesús Domingo Segovia, Francesco Inchingolo, Hom-Lay Wang, Manuel Fernándes-Cruz
In dentistry and oral and maxillofacial surgery, the development of implantable biomaterials and the understanding of their molecular, cellular and pharmaceutical aspects are currently major fields of research and education, with a considerable impact on the daily clinical practice and the evolution of therapeutic strategies. In the era of globalized economy of knowledge and science, this scientific domain needs the development of global cooperation and a paradigm evolution in the organizational culture of the dental sciences and related dental industry...
December 13, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939952/toxico-vigilance-an-inevitable-prerequisite-to-keep-a-watch-on-toxins-around-you
#17
Shweta Sharma, Aruna Dewan, Gyanendra Singh
India has got a handful of poison centers to compensate about 1.25 billion population of India. Hence, a lot of under-reporting of poisoning cases occurs due to limited resources. Gujarat being an upcoming industrial centre of India has got many key industries like textiles, automobiles, chemicals, diamonds, pharmaceuticals etc. This magnificent industrial growth has resulted upon increased exposure of various hazardous chemicals among the general and working population. This study reflects trends of poisoning observed in a poison center named Center For Education Awareness and Research On Chemicals and Health (CEARCH) at Ahmedabad...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917846/knowledge-and-attitudes-of-physicians-and-pharmacists-towards-the-use-of-generic-medicines-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#18
Tarik Čatić, Lejla Avdagić, Igor Martinović
Aim To investigate and assess knowledge and attitudes of pharmacists and physicians towards generic drugs prescription in order to evaluate current trends, obstacles to prescribe/dispense generics and suggest possible improvements of rational and economic prescribing having in mind scarce public budgets for drugs. Methods A cross-sectional survey among 450 primary care physicians (prescribers) and pharmacists in four major cities in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo, Banja Luka, Tuzla and Mostar) during the period between January and March 2016 was conducted...
February 1, 2017: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907901/serum-amh-levels-in-healthy-women-from-brca1-2-mutated-families-are-they-reduced
#19
Theodora C van Tilborg, Inge A P Derks-Smeets, Anna M E Bos, Jan C Oosterwijk, Ron J van Golde, Christine E de Die-Smulders, Lizet E van der Kolk, Wendy A G van Zelst-Stams, Maria E Velthuizen, Annemieke Hoek, Marinus J C Eijkemans, Joop S E Laven, Margreet G E M Ausems, Frank J M Broekmans
STUDY QUESTION: Do BRCA1/2 mutation carriers have a compromised ovarian reserve compared to proven non-carriers, based on serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) levels? SUMMARY ANSWER: BRCA1/2 mutation carriers do not show a lower serum AMH level in comparison to proven non-carriers, after adjustment for potential confounders. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: It has been suggested that the BRCA genes play a role in the process of ovarian reserve depletion, although previous studies have shown inconsistent results regarding the association between serum AMH levels and BRCA mutation status...
November 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905076/improvement-of-time-in-therapeutic-range-with-warfarin-by-pharmaceutical-intervention
#20
Alvaro Víquez-Jaikel, Victoria Hall-Ramírez, Allan Ramos-Esquivel
Background Anticoagulation therapy with warfarin is highly effective for prevention and treatment of thromboembolic disorders. Nevertheless, its management is challenging especially in developing countries, where the medical access is difficult and patient education is poor. Objective To determine the effect of pharmaceutical intervention (PI) on the time in therapeutic range (TTR) of a group of anticoagulated patients from our referral center. Method A group of consecutive outpatients previously treated by usual medical care underwent PI...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
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