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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456984/the-efficacy-of-internet-based-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-on-the-anxiety-disorders-among-adolescent-girls
#1
Afsaneh Karbasi, Azadeh Haratian
Background: The prevalence of anxiety disorders among children and adolescents are found to be approximately between 8-12 and 5-10, respectively, and the long-lasting effects of such disorders can expose the sufferers to impairment and dysfunction in several areas of life the examples of which are poor educational performance, low self-esteem, and depression. The present study aims to evaluate the efficacy of internet-based, cognitive-behavioral therapy (ICBT) in treating the anxiety disorders among adolescent females...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447382/randomized-controlled-trial-of-acupuncture-for-women-with-fibromyalgia-group-acupuncture-with-traditional-chinese-medicine-diagnosis-based-point-selection
#2
Scott D Mist, Kim Dupree Jones
Background: Group acupuncture is a growing and cost-effective method for delivering acupuncture in the United States and is the practice model in China. However, group acupuncture has not been tested in a research setting. Objective: To test the treatment effect of group acupuncture vs group education in persons with fibromyalgia. Design: Random allocation two-group study with repeated measures. Setting: Group clinic in an academic health center in Portland, Oregon...
February 13, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446177/how-does-retirement-affect-healthcare-expenditures-evidence-from-a-change-in-the-retirement-age
#3
Anikó Bíró, Péter Elek
Using individual-level administrative panel data from Hungary, we estimate causal effects of retirement on outpatient and inpatient care expenditures and pharmaceutical expenditures. Our identification strategy is based on an increase in the official early retirement age of women, using that the majority of women retire upon reaching that age. According to our descriptive results, people who are working before the early retirement age have substantially lower healthcare expenditures than nonworkers, but the expenditure gap declines after retirement...
February 15, 2018: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436397/impacts-of-an-opioid-overdose-prevention-intervention-delivered-subsequent-to-acute-care
#4
Caleb J Banta-Green, Phillip O Coffin, Joseph O Merrill, Jeanne M Sears, Chris Dunn, Anthony S Floyd, Lauren K Whiteside, Norbert D Yanez, Dennis M Donovan
BACKGROUND: Opioid overdose is a major and increasing cause of injury and death. There is an urgent need for interventions to reduce overdose events among high-risk persons. METHODS: Adults at elevated risk for opioid overdose involving heroin or pharmaceutical opioids who had been cared for in an emergency department (ED) were randomised to overdose education combined with a brief behavioural intervention and take-home naloxone or usual care. Outcomes included: (1) time to first opioid overdose-related event resulting in medical attention or death using competing risks survival analysis; and (2) ED visit and hospitalisation rates, using negative binomial regression and adjusting for time at risk...
February 7, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435834/physician-assistants-and-nurse-practitioners-in-head-and-neck-surgery
#5
Chrysanta Patio, Nabilah Ali, Jill Ketner, Candy Young, Esther Chou, Carrie Chong, Wanchi Su
This chapter explores the role of advanced practice clinicians (APCs) and patient care coordinators in the head and neck cancer setting. APCs, which include physician assistants (PAs) and nurse practitioners (NPs), are licensed professional healthcare providers who diagnose and treat illnesses, order and interpret diagnostic tests, and prescribe pharmaceutical and non-pharmaceutical therapies. Although the training, education, and licensure differ between PAs and NPs, their roles are quite similar in head and neck surgery...
2018: Cancer Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433614/hope-or-hype-in-the-treatment-of-schizophrenia-what-s-the-role-of-the-physician
#6
Rodrigo A Bressan, Geder E M Grohs, Gabriela Matos, Sukhi Shergill
According to the experience of people with schizophrenia, their psychiatrists' attitude towards the outcome of their illness is lacking in hope, which directly affects mutual faith in treatment. Here we discuss the scientific basis of hope and show its instrumental role in optimising the best treatment strategies for schizophrenia. Declaration of interest R.A.B has received honoraria for educational input and non-financial support from Ache; honoraria for educational input from Lundbeck; grants, honoraria for educational input and non-financial support from Janssen; all outside the submitted work...
January 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433040/pharmaceutical-opioid-overdose-deaths-and-the-presence-of-witnesses
#7
Rowan P Ogeil, Jeremy Dwyer, Lyndal Bugeja, Cherie Heilbronn, Dan I Lubman, Belinda Lloyd
BACKGROUND: In the past two decades, rates of pharmaceutical opioid use and harms resulting from their use (including death) have risen. The present study identified a series of fatal opioid overdoses where there was evidence that witnesses had noted symptoms consistent with overdose, and examined associated contextual factors. METHODS: A retrospective review was undertaken utilising the Coroners Court of Victoria's Overdose Deaths Register for pharmaceutical opioid overdose deaths between 2011 and 2013...
February 9, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428578/treatment-practices-of-households-and-antibiotic-dispensing-in-medicine-outlets-in-developing-countries-the-case-of-ghana
#8
Mary-Anne Ahiabu, Pascal Magnussen, Ib Christian Bygbjerg, Britt Pinkowski Tersbøl
INTRODUCTION: Antibiotic resistance, associated with inappropriate drug use, is a global public health threat. The pharmaceutical sectors in developing countries are poorly regulated leading to antibiotic sales and use without a prescription. The study documents the treatment of acute illnesses in households and the antibiotic dispensing practices of medicine sales outlets in Eastern region, Ghana. METHOD: Twice-weekly illness recall visits were made to 12 households in three rural communities over eight consecutive weeks...
February 7, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417585/the-anatomical-society-core-anatomy-syllabus-for-pharmacists-outcomes-to-create-a-foundation-for-practice
#9
Gabrielle M Finn, Geeta Hitch, Buge Apampa, Catherine M Hennessy, Claire F Smith, Jane Stewart, Paul R Gard
The Anatomical Society has developed a series of learning outcomes that 'experts' within the field would recommend as core knowledge outputs for a Master's Degree Programme in Pharmacy (MPharm) within the UK. Using the Anatomical Society core gross anatomy syllabus for medical anatomy as a foundation, a modified Delphi technique was used to develop outcomes specific to pharmacy graduates. A Delphi panel consisting of medical practitioners, pharmacists and anatomists (n = 39) was created and involved 'experts' representing 20 UK Higher Education Institutions...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416207/contribution-of-arabic-medicine-and-pharmacy-to-the-development-of-health-care-protection-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina-the-second-part
#10
Izet Masic
After the collapse of the Arab rule, the Arab territorial expanses and cultural heritage were taken over by the Turks. Although scientific progress in the Turkish period slowed down due to numerous unfavorable political-economic and other circumstances. Thanks to the Turks, Arabic culture and useful Islamic principles expanded to the territory of our homeland of Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H). Significant role in the transfer of Arabic pharmaceutical knowledge was also attributed to the Sephardic Jews who, with their arrival, continued to perform their attar activities, which were largely based on Arab achievements...
December 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414998/pharmaceutical-companies-and-healthcare-providers-going-beyond-the-gift-an-explorative-review
#11
Tom Latten, Daan Westra, Federica Angeli, Aggie Paulus, Marleen Struss, Dirk Ruwaard
INTRODUCTION: Interactions between pharmaceutical companies and healthcare providers are increasingly scrutinized by academics, professionals, media, and politicians. Most empirical studies and professional guidelines focus on unilateral donor-recipient types of interaction and overlook, or fail to distinguish between, more reciprocal types of interaction. However, the degree of goal alignment and potential for value creation differs in these two types of interactions. Failing to differentiate between these two forms of interaction between pharmaceutical companies and healthcare providers could thus lead to biased conclusions regarding their desirability...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411148/from-a-patient-advocate-s-perspective-does-cancer-immunotherapy-represent-a-paradigm-shift
#12
REVIEW
Debra L Madden
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In 2016, the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) announced immunotherapy as the year's top cancer advance in its "Clinical Cancer Advances 2016: ASCO's Annual Report on Progress Against Cancer." Further, ASCO again named "Immunotherapy 2.0" as the 2017 advance of the year, emphasizing the recent, rapid pace of research into new agents that harness and enhance the innate abilities of the immune system to recognize and fight cancers-and stressing that such agents have extended the lives of many patients with late-stage cancers for which there have been few treatment options...
February 7, 2018: Current Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406837/optimization-of-medication-use-at-accountable-care-organizations
#13
Chrisanne Wilks, Erik Krisle, Kimberly Westrich, Kristina Lunner, David Muhlestein, Robert Dubois
BACKGROUND: Optimized medication use involves the effective use of medications for better outcomes, improved patient experience, and lower costs. Few studies systematically gather data on the actions accountable care organizations (ACOs) have taken to optimize medication use. OBJECTIVES: To (a) assess how ACOs optimize medication use; (b) establish an association between efforts to optimize medication use and achievement on financial and quality metrics; (c) identify organizational factors that correlate with optimized medication use; and (d) identify barriers to optimized medication use...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403130/suicidal-nonorganophosphate-poisoning-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-south-india-nature-prevalence-risk-factors
#14
Rohit Ninan Benjamin, Thambu David, Ramya Iyadurai, K S Jacob
Background: People who deliberately ingest poisons commonly present to emergency departments of hospitals in India. However, there is a dearth of information on poisoning using nonorganophosphorus pesticides. Methods: This prospective, hospital-based study attempted to examine the nonorganophosphorus poisons used to attempt suicide. Data on sociodemographic characteristics of patients, site and source of poisons, co-ingested substances, premeditation, and reason for poisoning were collected...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400625/undisclosed-conflicts-of-interests-among-biomedical-textbook-authors
#15
Brian J Piper, Drew A Lambert, Ryan C Keefe, Phoebe U Smukler, Nicolas A Selemon, Zachary R Duperry
BACKGROUND: Textbooks are a formative resource for health care providers during their education and are also an enduring reference for pathophysiology and treatment. Unlike the primary literature and clinical guidelines, biomedical textbook authors do not typically disclose potential financial conflicts of interest (pCoI). The objective of this study was to evaluate whether the authors of textbooks used in the training of physicians, pharmacists, and dentists had appreciable undisclosed pCoI in the form of patents or compensation received from pharmaceutical or biotechnology companies...
February 5, 2018: AJOB Empirical Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398162/challenges-involved-in-the-development-and-delivery-of-abuse-deterrent-formulations-of-opioid-analgesics
#16
Joshua P Cohen, Mario Mendoza, Carl Roland
PURPOSE: This commentary examines the development, regulatory, and reimbursement challenges facing abuse-deterrent formulation (ADF) products. METHODS: In January 2017, the Tufts Center for the Study of Drug Development convened a roundtable to explore clinical development, regulatory, and reimbursement challenges with respect to ADFs of opioid analgesics. Roundtable participants, who included a range of pharmaceutical industry and other experts, discussed multiple challenges...
February 2, 2018: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389850/maintaining-vitality-pharmacists-continuing-professional-education-decision-making-in-the-upper-midwest
#17
Paul Jacob Henkel, Marketa Marvanova
Continuing professional education (CPE) plays an important role in continuing professional development of pharmacists for providing quality pharmaceutical care but also to maintain professional and organizational vitality and meet changing community/population needs. The study objective was to describe and understand factors of importance in selection of CPE credit hours among Upper Midwest pharmacists. A cross-sectional study of licensed pharmacists (n = 1239) in Iowa, Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota included completion of a questionnaire on demographics and CPE decision-making...
February 1, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383980/optimizing-anti-vegf-treatment-outcomes-for-patients-with-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration
#18
Charles C Wykoff, W Lloyd Clark, Jared S Nielsen, Joel V Brill, Laurence S Greene, Cherilyn L Heggen
BACKGROUND: The introduction of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) drugs to ophthalmology has revolutionized the treatment of neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD). Despite this significant progress, gaps and challenges persist in the diagnosis of nAMD, initiation of treatment, and management of frequent intravitreal injections. Thus, nAMD remains a leading cause of blindness in the United States. OBJECTIVE: To present current knowledge, evidence, and expert perspectives on anti-VEGF therapies in nAMD to support managed care professionals and providers in decision making and collaborative strategies to overcome barriers to optimize anti-VEGF treatment outcomes among nAMD patients...
February 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379335/advancing-pharmaceuticals-and-patient-safety-in-saudi-arabia-a-2030-vision-initiative
#19
Tariq M Alhawassi, Hatem A Abuelizz, Mansour Almetwazi, Mansour A Mahmoud, Ahmed Alghamdi, Yazed S Alruthia, Nasser BinDhim, Khalid A Alburikan, Yousif A Asiri, Peter J Pitts
Low-quality medicines deliver sub-optimal clinical outcomes and waste precious health resources. It is important to ensure that public funds are spent on healthcare technologies that meet national regulatory bodies such as the Saudi Food and Drug Authority (SFDA), quality standards for safety, efficacy, and quality. Medicines quality is a complicated combination of pre-market regulatory specifications, appropriate sourcing of ingredients (active pharmaceutical ingredient (API), excipients, etc.), manufacturing processes, healthcare ecosystem communications, and regular and robust pharmacovigilance practices...
January 2018: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379331/community-pharmacy-customer-segmentation-based-on-factors-influencing-their-selection-of-pharmacy-and-over-the-counter-medicines
#20
Dimitrios Phaedon Kevrekidis, Daniela Minarikova, Angelos Markos, Ivona Malovecka, Peter Minarik
Background: Within the competitive pharmacy market environment, community pharmacies are required to develop efficient marketing strategies based on contemporary information about consumer behavior in order to attract clients and develop customer loyalty. Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the consumers' preferences concerning the selection of pharmacy and over-the-counter (OTC) medicines, and to identify customer segments in relation to these preferences...
January 2018: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
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