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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797863/palliative-care-development-in-mongolia
#1
Odontuya Davaasuren, Frank Ferris
CONTEXT: Since the year 2000, Mongolia has established the foundation measures for a national palliative care program and has made several significant achievements. METHODS: Systematic reviews and observational studieson palliative care development in Mongolia have taken place overthe past 16 years. RESULTS: Mongolia began palliative care development in 2000 with the creation of the Mongolian Palliative Care Society and the Palliative Care Department...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797763/the-safety-pharmacology-society-salary-survey
#2
Michael K Pugsley, Simon Authier, Tiffini Brabham, Maxim Soloviev, Carrie G Markgraf, Krystle Correll, Martin Traebert, Andrea Greiter-Wilke, Jean-Pierre Valentin, Hugo Vargas, Alfred Botchway, Derek J Leishman, Michael J Curtis
INTRODUCTION: Safety pharmacology is a growing discipline with scientists broadly distributed across international geographical regions. This electronic salary survey is the first to be distributed amongst the entire Safety Pharmacology Society (SPS) membership. An electronic survey was sent to all members of the Society. Categorical survey questions assessed membership employment types, annual incomes, and professional certifications, along with other associated career attributes. METHODS: This survey was distributed to the SPS membership that is comprised of safety pharmacologists, toxicologists and pharmacologists working globally in the pharmaceutical industry, at contract research organizations (CRO), regulatory agencies, and academia or within the technology provider industry...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776871/practice-activities-of-privately-practicing-nurse-practitioners-results-from-an-australian-survey
#3
Jane Currie, Mary Chiarella, Thomas Buckley
To facilitate expansion of privately-practicing nurse practitioners in community and primary care settings, a legislative amendment in 2010 made privately-practicing nurse practitioners eligible to provide services subsidised through the Medicare Benefits Schedule and the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme. To evaluate their practice activities, a national survey of privately-practicing nurse practitioners in Australia was conducted, and data analysed using descriptive statistics and thematic analysis (n = 73)...
August 4, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771962/prescribing-by-nurse-practitioners-insights-from-a-new-zealand-study
#4
Betty Poot, Rebecca Zonneveld, Katherine Nelson, Mark Weatherall
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Nurse practitioners (NPs) in New Zealand have been able to prescribe medicines since 2001; however, little is known about their prescribing practice. This study describes the NPs who prescribe community-dispensed medicines, the patients, and identifies the most frequently prescribed medications. METHODS: A retrospective search of the Ministry of Health pharmaceutical collection was completed from 2013 to 2015. NP registration number, patient age, gender, deprivation index, and the name and date of dispensed medication, including the New Zealand pharmaceutical schedule therapeutic group, were identified...
August 3, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768948/roles-and-educational-effects-of-clinical-case-studies-in-home-medical-care
#5
Tomoji Ohsawa, Takao Shimazoe
 Due to the progression of aging in Japan, pharmacists need to participate in home medical care. To enable pharmacists with no previous experience to participate in home medical care of patients with various diseases in the home environment, it is necessary to adopt an approach of training them in advance. It is thought useful for such clinical training to include patient case studies, which may facilitate the training of pharmacists for home medical care through simulated experience. "The working group to create home clinical cases for education" was launched by a group of university faculty, who have educational knowledge, and trained pharmacists who work with the patients at home...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768946/present-conditions-and-problems-of-home-care-education-in-pharmaceutical-education-through-the-activities-of-the-working-group-to-create-home-clinical-cases-for-education
#6
Yuko Kobuke
 In the pharmaceutical education model core curriculums revision, "basic qualities required as a pharmacist" are clearly shown, and "the method based on learning outcomes" has been adopted. One of the 10 qualities (No. 7) is "Practical ability of the health and medical care in the community". In the large item "F. Pharmaceutical clinical" of the model core curriculums, "participation in the home (visit) medical care and nursing care" is written in "participation in the health, medical care, and welfare of the community", and it is an important problem to offer opportunities of home medical care education at university...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763129/profiling-sedentary-behavior-in-breast-cancer-survivors-links-with-depression-symptoms-during-the-early-survivorship-period
#7
Jason Lacombe, Guy Faulkner, Jennifer Jones, Linda Trinh, Catherine Sabiston
BACKGROUND: Depression symptoms are prevalent among breast cancer survivors (BCS). Reducing sedentary behavior (SED) may be a non-pharmaceutical strategy for alleviating depression symptoms. However, little is known about SED among BCS. PURPOSE: The present study aimed to: (i) describe SED behaviors among BCS and identify unique SED groups based on different SED dimensions; (ii) identify personal and cancer-specific factors that discriminate SED clusters; and (iii) examine the association between SED clusters and depression symptoms...
August 1, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762651/provision-of-pharmaceutical-care-by-community-pharmacists-across-europe-is-it-developing-and-spreading
#8
Filipa A Costa, Claire Scullin, Ghaith Al-Taani, Ahmed F Hawwa, Claire Anderson, Zinaida Bezverhni, Zahida Binakaj, Maria Cordina, Veerle Foulon, Borja Garcia de Bikuña, Han de Gier, Anne Gerd Granås, Olga Grinstova, Nina Griese-Mammen, Jonas Grinceviciene, Svitrigaile Grinceviciene, Susanne Kaae, Loreta Kubiliene, Eduardo L Mariño, Silvia Martins, Pilar Modamio, Giancarlo Nadin, Lotte Stig Nørgaard, Emina Obarcanin, Ivana Tadic, Ljiljana Tasic, James C McElnay, Kurt E Hersberger, Tommy Westerlund
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: Pharmaceutical care involves patient-centred pharmacist activity to improve medicines management by patients. The implementation of this service in a comprehensive manner, however, requires considerable organisation and effort, and indeed, it is often not fully implemented in care settings. The main objective was to assess how pharmaceutical care provision within community pharmacy has evolved over time in Europe. METHOD: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey of community pharmacies, using a modified version of the Behavioural Pharmaceutical Care Scale (BPCS) was conducted in late 2012/early 2013 within 16 European countries and compared with an earlier assessment conducted in 2006...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758242/should-disclosure-of-conflicts-of-interest-in-medicine-be-made-public-medical-students-views
#9
Jane Williams, Wendy Lipworth, Christopher Mayes, Ian Olver, Ian Kerridge
CONTEXT: Conflicts of interest (CoIs) are considered to be ubiquitous in health care and biomedicine. The disclosure of relevant interests is a first step in managing conflicts, although its usefulness is contested. Although several countries have mandated the public disclosure of doctors' financial relationships with the pharmaceutical industry, little is known about medical students' understanding of mandatory public disclosure. METHODS: Six 90-minute focus groups were conducted with medical students in New South Wales, Australia...
July 31, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746751/cancer-donor-preferences-for-disposition-of-their-biospecimens-after-biobank-closure
#10
Samuel C Allen, Margie D Dixon, Jeffrey M Switchenko, Rebecca D Pentz
BACKGROUND: Biobank funding is unstable and biobank administrators are concerned about loss of funding and subsequent biobank closure. Nevertheless, only a minority of biobanks have policies regarding the distribution or destruction of tissue if the biobank were to close. To the authors' knowledge, the current study is the first to report on the preferences of oncology biospecimen donors regarding the handling of their biospecimens in the event of biobank closure. METHODS: A total of 98 biospecimen donors who were diagnosed with cancer at the Georgia Cancer Center for Excellence at Grady Memorial Hospital or the Winship Cancer Institute were interviewed concerning their preferences for the handling of their biospecimens in the event of biobank closure...
July 26, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741382/sodium-glucose-co-transporter-2-inhibitor-luseogliflozin-in-the-management-of-type-2-diabetes-a-drug-safety-evaluation
#11
Daisuke Yabe, Yoshiyuki Hamamoto, Yusuke Seino, Hitoshi Kuwata, Takeshi Kurose, Yutaka Seino
Sodium glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors have been developed recently as a new class of anti-diabetic drug, and are becoming widely used in the management of type 2 diabetes (T2D). As these agents have a considerably different glucose-lowering mechanism from those of other anti-diabetic drugs, safe use of this drug class needs to be discussed based on data available from preapproval clinical trials as well as real-world studies. The SGLT2 inhibitor luseogliflozin was developed by Taisho Pharmaceutical Co...
July 25, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740598/taking-pharmaceutical-innovation-to-the-masses
#12
EDITORIAL
Philip C Burcham
General levels of "pharmaceuticals literacy" are not high in contemporary societies. To address this educational need, in 2012 the University of Western Australia introduced an innovative multidisciplinary course for undergraduates within any degree program entitled PHAR1101: Drugs that Changed the World. Now ranking among the largest courses at the institution, PHAR1101 enrollments will likely approach 1000 students in 2017.
July 13, 2017: ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737242/customers-perceptions-of-and-satisfaction-with-medicine-retail-outlet-services-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Dawit T Gebregeorgise, Tofik A Mohammed, Zebiba S Redi, Sofia Kälvemark Sporrong
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess customers' perceptions of and satisfaction with MRO services in Addis Ababa and to explore factors associated with their satisfaction and reasons for visits. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among customers selected from 28 MROs in Addis Ababa, using multi-stage sampling techniques. Simple descriptive statistics and multivariable logistic regression at 95% confidence interval were used for the analysis...
July 24, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732743/antimicrobial-stewardship-in-the-treatment-of-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections
#14
Julie A Gibbons, Hayden L Smith, Sudhir C Kumar, Katherine Johnson Duggins, Amanda M Bushman, Jayme M Danielson, William J Yost, Jonathan J Wadle
BACKGROUND: Research on treating skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI) has shown improved patient outcomes with effective pharmaceutic prescribing. Antimicrobial stewardship programs can reduce consequences of broad-spectrum antimicrobial administration in SSTI treatment. METHODS: Prospective and historic control data were collected during two 7-month periods. Intervention consisted of implementing a new SSTI evidence-based treatment algorithm and provider education, including calls and medical record notes targeted at physicians...
July 18, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725441/taking-the-lead-from-our-colleagues-in-medical-education-the-use-of-images-of-the-in-vivo-setting-in-teaching-concepts-of-pharmaceutical-science
#15
Louise E Curley, Julia Kennedy, Jordan Hinton, Ali Mirjalili, Darren Svirskis
Despite pharmaceutical sciences being a core component of pharmacy curricula, few published studies have focussed on innovative methodologies to teach the content. This commentary identifies imaging techniques which can visualise oral dosage forms in-vivo and observe formulation disintegration in order to achieve a better understanding of in-vivo performance. Images formed through these techniques can provide students with a deeper appreciation of the fate of oral formulations in the body compared to standard disintegration and dissolution testing, which is conducted in-vitro...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716636/a-simplified-clinical-prediction-rule-for-prognosticating-independent-walking-after-spinal-cord-injury-a-prospective-study-from-a-canadian-multicenter-spinal-cord-injury-registry
#16
Katharine E Hicks, Yichen Zhao, Nader Fallah, Carly Rivers, Vanessa Noonan, Tova Plashkes, Eugene K Wai, Darren M Roffey, Eve Tsai, Jerome Paquet, Najmedden Attabib, Travis Marion, Henry Ahn, Philippe Phan
BACKGROUND: Context: Traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) is a debilitating condition with limited treatment options for neurological or functional recovery. The ability to predict the prognosis of walking post-injury with emerging prediction models could aid in rehabilitation strategies and reintegration into the community. PURPOSE: To re-validate an existing clinical prediction model for independent ambulation (van Middendorp et al. 2011) utilising acute and long-term post-injury follow-up data, and to investigate the accuracy of a simplified model using prospectively collected data from a Canadian multicenter SCI database, the Rick Hansen Spinal Cord Injury Registry (RHSCIR)...
July 14, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711891/-strategic-patient-safety-action-plan-for-the-anesthesiology-and-intensive-care-service-of-ukraine-basic-modules-and-their-components
#17
Роман Н Федосюк
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, the problem of patient safety has become top-priority in further improvement of national healthcare systems in all developed countries. AIM: To develop a modular structure and a component composition of the strategic patient safety action plan for the anesthesiology and intensive care service of Ukraine as a part of the National Action Plan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Major domestic priorities, substantiated and made public by the author in previous works, are taken as the basis for the modular structuring of the action plan...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700051/pharmacotherapeutic-follow-up-of-patients-with-chagas-disease-using-benznidazole-drug-related-problems-and-pharmaceutical-interventions
#18
João Paulo Ramalho Correia, Alanna Carla da Costa, Eduardo Arrais Rocha, Ana Rosa Pinto Quidute, Darlan da Silva Cândido, Ângela Maria de Souza Ponciano, Marta Maria de França Fonteles, Maria de Fátima Oliveira
INTRODUCTION: Benznidazole (BNZ) is a drug available for the etiological treatment of Chagas disease. However, this drug is toxic and has a limited effectiveness on the chronic phase of this disease, often leading to poor treatment adherence. METHODS: This is a descriptive and exploratory study conducted at the Pharmaceutical Care Service for Chagas disease patients of the Federal University of Ceará. Drug-related problems (DRPs) and pharmaceutical interventions (PIs) were classified according to the Second Consensus of Granada...
May 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699488/a-review-of-interventions-to-improve-enrolment-and-attendance-to-cardiac-rehabilitation-among-patients-aged-65-years-or-above
#19
Bashir M Matata, Sean Andrew Williamson
Purpose This review provides an overview and quality assessment of existing interventions, assessing the intervention types that are most effective at increasing enrolment and adherence to cardiac rehabilitation in older patients aged ≥65 years Methods The review of the literature was performed using electronic databases that searched for randomised controlled trials that aimed to increase enrolment and/or adherence to cardiac rehabilitation in older patients aged ≥65 years. The main key words were cardiac rehabilitation, enrolment, adherence and older patients...
July 9, 2017: Current Cardiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690688/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-to-brazil-of-the-scale-of-attitudes-toward-physician-pharmacists-collaboration
#20
Luiza Cunha, Sabrina Neves, Tatiane C Marques, Dyego Araújo, Thaciana Alcantara, Divaldo P Lyra
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing complexity of medication therapies and the expansion of pharmaceutical clinical services to optimize patient care working in collaboration with physicians. In this sense, interdisciplinary education has been encouraged. However, no instrument is available to measure attitudes toward collaborative relationships. OBJECTIVE: To translate, cross-cultural adaptation and validation an instrument to measure collaboration attitudes toward students of medicine/pharmacy and physicians/pharmacists...
April 2017: Pharmacy Practice
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