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Pharmaceutical education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217723/-at-risk-individuals-responses-to-direct-to-consumer-advertising-of-prescription-drugs-a-nationally-representative-cross-sectional-study
#1
Neda Khalil Zadeh, Kirsten Robertson, James A Green
OBJECTIVES: The factors determining individuals' self-reported behavioural responses to direct to consumer advertising of prescription drugs were explored with an emphasis on 'at-risk' individuals' responses. DESIGN: Nationally representative cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Community living adults in New Zealand. PARTICIPANTS: 2057 adults (51% women). PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Self-reported behavioural responses to drug advertising (asking a physician for a prescription, asking a physician for more information about an illness, searching the internet for more information regarding an illness and asking a pharmacist for more information about a drug)...
December 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201319/potential-drug-drug-interactions-among-hospitalized-patients-in-a-developing-country
#2
Sarah Mousavi, Golshan Ghanbari
Background: Drug-drug interactions (DDIs) may often lead to preventable adverse drug events and health damage. Particularly in hospitals, this might be an important factor as multiple drug therapies are common. The objective of this study was to identify the frequency and levels of potential DDIs in internal medicine wards in an Iranian university hospital. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted by reviewing charts of 448 hospitalized patients in internal medicine wards of a teaching hospital, from November 2014 to May 2015...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200459/competency-programming-and-emerging-innovation-in-graduate-education-within-schools-of-pharmacy-the-report-of-the-2016-2017-research-and-graduate-affairs-committee
#3
Samuel M Poloyac, Kirsten F Block, Jane E Cavanaugh, Linda P Dwoskin, Russell B Melchert, Ruth E Nemire, James M O'Donnell, Ronny Priefer, Daniel R Touchette
Graduate education in the pharmaceutical sciences is a cornerstone of research within pharmacy schools. Pharmaceutical scientists are critical contributors to addressing the challenges of new drug discovery, delivery, and optimal care in order to ensure improved therapeutic outcomes in populations of patients. The American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP) charged the 2016-2017 Research and Graduate Affairs Committee (RGAC) to define the competencies necessary for graduate education in the pharmaceutical sciences (Charge 1), recommend collaborative curricular development across schools of pharmacy (Charge 2), recommend AACP programing for graduate education (Charge 3), and provide guidance on emerging areas for innovation in graduate education (Charge 4)...
October 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195731/a-review-of-reviews-and-pharmaceutical-interventions-in-mental-health-to-inform-evidence-based-health-policy
#4
REVIEW
Sarah Nascimento Silva, Marina Guimarães Lima, Cristina Mariano Ruas
BACKGROUND: Pharmaceutical interventions may have an impact on different treatment aspects, such as therapy adherence, reducing the number of different medications in use and lowering treatment costs. OBJECTIVE: Identify pharmaceutical interventions in the mental health field and their possible application in Brazilian public mental health services, considering the evidence-based model to establish implementation options. METHODS: A structured search of the literature was performed in the Pubmed (Medline), Cochrane, PsycINFO and Lilacs databases to identify the main pharmaceutical intervention studies conducted in the mental health area...
November 26, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195189/-one-of-the-greatest-medical-success-stories-physicians-and-nurses-small-stories-about-vaccine-knowledge-and-anxieties
#5
Terra Manca
In recent years, the Canadian province of Alberta experienced outbreaks of measles, mumps, pertussis, and influenza. Even so, the dominant cultural narrative maintains that vaccines are safe, effective, and necessary to maintain population health. Many vaccine supporters have expressed anxieties that stories contradicting this narrative have lowered herd immunity levels because they frighten the public into avoiding vaccination. As such, vaccine policies often emphasize educating parents and the public about the importance and safety of vaccination...
November 20, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181081/care-of-cancer-patients-with-liver-and-bone-metastases-the-place-of-pharmaceutical-care-in-a-balanced-plan-focused-on-the-patient-s-needs-and-goals
#6
Katarzyna A Rygiel, Mariola Drozd, Lucyna Bułaś
Metastatic cancer, especially in the growing population of geriatric patients, presents a big challenge to these patients, as well as to treatment teams and the entire health care system. This article describes some common medical problems faced by patients with metastases to liver and bone, and presents a diagnostic approach, and therapeutic management of various symptoms, relevant to advanced stages of the malignant disease. The article highlights the importance of patient education on various aspects of metastatic cancer, and underscores the unique position of pharmacists practicing pharmaceutical care, which is particularly beneficial in this group of patients with advanced malignancy...
October 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178855/prices-of-over-the-counter-drugs-used-by-15-year-old-adolescents-in-germany-and-their-association-with-socioeconomic-background
#7
Salvatore Italia, Silke B Wolfenstetter, Irene Brüske, Joachim Heinrich, Dietrich Berdel, Andrea von Berg, Irina Lehmann, Marie Standl, Christina M Teuner
BACKGROUND: In Germany, over-the-counter (OTC) drugs are normally reimbursed up to the age of 12 years only. The aim of this study was to analyse prices of over-the-counter drugs used by adolescents in Germany and their association with socioeconomic factors. METHODS: Based on the German GINIplus and LISAplus birth cohorts, data on drug utilization among 15-year-old adolescents (n = 4677) were collected using a self-administered questionnaire. The reported drugs were subdivided into prescription drugs and OTC drugs...
November 25, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171289/preclinical-biomarker-qualification
#8
John-Michael Sauer, Amy C Porter
Biomarkers are ubiquitously used within drug development programs in both nonclinical species and in humans to assess safety and efficacy of novel compounds. To routinely apply such novel biomarkers with certainty, a well-defined data package is necessary for review and endorsement by regulatory agencies including the US Food and Drug Administration, European Medicines Agency, and Japanese Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency. This type of endorsement is known as regulatory qualification. Novel approaches are being applied to speed the process, lower the resource intensity, and increase the accessibility of biomarker qualification data and it is likely that consortia will continue to play a fundamental role in the qualification process by bringing together like-minded stakeholders focused on specific tools to accelerate drug development...
January 1, 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165036/a-formative-qualitative-evaluation-to-inform-implementation-of-a-research-participation-enhancement-and-advocacy-training-program-for-diverse-seniors-the-dreams-program
#9
Molly M Perkins, Ariel Hart, Rebecca L Dillard, Ronald C Wincek, David E Jones, Madeleine E Hackney
This article reports on a formative qualitative evaluation conducted to identify potential barriers and facilitators prior to implementation of a two-part educational intervention designed to increase older adults' participation in clinical research. We conducted focus groups with 35 older adults from diverse racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic backgrounds (Mean age = 74.5 ± 7.4 years), and six clinical researchers involved in aging research. Two older adult patient stakeholder advisors participated as members of the research team...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163414/control-of-antimicrobial-resistance-requires-an-ethical-approach
#10
REVIEW
Ben Parsonage, Philip K Hagglund, Lloyd Keogh, Nick Wheelhouse, Richard E Brown, Stephanie J Dancer
Ethical behavior encompasses actions that benefit both self and society. This means that tackling antimicrobial resistance (AMR) becomes an ethical obligation, because the prospect of declining anti-infectives affects everyone. Without preventive action, loss of drugs that have saved lives over the past century, will condemn ourselves, people we know, and people we don't know, to unacceptable risk of untreatable infection. Policies aimed at extending antimicrobial life should be considered within an ethical framework, in order to balance the choice, range, and quality of drugs against stewardship activities...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160455/workforce-in-the-pharmaceutical-services-of-the-primary-health-care-of-sus-brazil
#11
Marselle Nobre Carvalho, Juliana Álvares, Karen Sarmento Costa, Augusto Afonso Guerra, Francisco de Assis Acurcio, Ediná Alves Costa, Ione Aquemi Guibu, Orlando Mario Soeiro, Margô Gomes de Oliveira Karnikowski, Silvana Nair Leite
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the workforce in the pharmaceutical services in the primary care of the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS). METHODS This is a cross-sectional and quantitative study, with data from the Pesquisa Nacional sobre Acesso, Utilização e Promoção do Uso Racional de Medicamentos - Serviços, 2015 (PNAUM - National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines - Services, 2015). For the analysis, we considered the data stratification into geographical regions...
November 13, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160454/pharmaceutical-care-in-brazil-s-primary-health-care
#12
Patricia Sodré Araújo, Ediná Alves Costa, Augusto Afonso Guerra, Francisco de Assis Acurcio, Ione Aquemi Guibu, Juliana Álvares, Karen Sarmento Costa, Margô Gomes de Oliveira Karnikowski, Orlando Mario Soeiro, Silvana Nair Leite
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the activities of clinical nature developed by pharmacists in basic health units and their participation in educational activities aiming at health promotion. METHODS: This article is part of the Pesquisa Nacional sobre Acesso, Utilização e Promoção do Uso Racional de Medicamentos - Serviços, 2015 (PNAUM - National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines - Services, 2015), a cross-sectional and exploratory study, of evaluative nature, consisting of a survey of information in a representative sample of cities, stratified by the Brazilian regions that constitute domains of study, and a subsample of primary health care services...
November 13, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157568/providing-primary-care-using-an-interprofessional-collaborative-practice-model-what-clinicians-have-learned
#13
Cynthia S Selleck, Matthew Fifolt, Heidi Burkart, Jennifer Sandson Frank, William A Curry, Lisle S Hites
This article details a nurse-led, interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP) model that was developed to provide primary care to a medically indigent population in Birmingham, Alabama. Funding to develop and implement this project came from a federal Nurse Education, Practice, Quality and Retention award to the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) School of Nursing, with additional support coming from the UAB Hospital and Health System. The clinic is housed within a local community-based, non-profit organization and all services, including supplies and pharmaceuticals, are provided free of charge to this vulnerable population...
November 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153080/impact-of-social-media-for-the-hematologist-oncologist
#14
REVIEW
Nour Abuhadra, Navneet S Majhail, Aziz Nazha
In the era of modern communication, the physician and patient relationship has evolved to include an entirely new dimension-social media. This new dimension offers several opportunities for patient education, research and its dissemination, and professional development for health care providers; it can also serve as a platform for addressing important public health issues. However, these advantages come with challenges such as threats to patient and professional privacy. In this article, we dissect the benefits and drawbacks of this social evolution on the practicing hematologist-oncologist...
October 2017: Seminars in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140269/the-prevalence-of-dietary-supplement-use-among-college-students-a-nationwide-survey-in-japan
#15
Etsuko Kobayashi, Yoko Sato, Keizo Umegaki, Tsuyoshi Chiba
To clarify the prevalence of dietary supplement use among college students, we conducted Internet-based nationwide questionnaire surveys with 157,595 Japanese college students aged between 18 to 24 years old who were registrants of Macromill Inc. (Tokyo, Japan). Among the 9066 respondents (response rate 5.8%), 16.8% were currently using dietary supplements. The prevalence of dietary supplement use did not differ significantly between males (17.1%) and females (16.7%). However, it increased according to their grade (13...
November 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139019/pharmacists-confidence-when-providing-pharmaceutical-care-on-anticoagulants-a-multinational-survey
#16
John Papastergiou, Nadir Kheir, Katerina Ladova, Silas Rydant, Fabio De Rango, Sotiris Antoniou, Reka Viola, Maria Dolores Murillo, Stephane Steurbaut, Filipa Alves da Costa
Background Guidelines on the management of orally anticoagulated patients are continuously evolving, leading to an increased need for pharmacists to be fully integrated in care provision. Objective To identify self-reported gaps in confidence among practicing pharmacists in the area of anticoagulation. Setting Pharmacists in different work settings in different countries. Method Cross-sectional international survey from October 2015 till November 2016 among pharmacists working in different settings to assess their level of confidence when delivering anticoagulants as well as to identify possible educational needs regarding this medication class...
December 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130019/patients-knowledge-and-attitude-toward-the-disposal-of-medications
#17
Aeshah AlAzmi, Hani AlHamdan, Rayf Abualezz, Faiz Bahadig, Noha Abonofal, Mohamed Osman
Background: Safe disposal of medications is of high concern as malpractice may lead to harmful consequences such as undesirable effects, prescription drug abuse, overstocking, self-medication, accidental overdose, and even death. There is a lack of uniform and nationwide guidance on how patients should safely dispose their leftover medications. This study aims to assess patients' knowledge and attitude regarding the disposal of medications. Method: This research is a cross-sectional study...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126136/drugbank-5-0-a-major-update-to-the-drugbank-database-for-2018
#18
David S Wishart, Yannick D Feunang, An C Guo, Elvis J Lo, Ana Marcu, Jason R Grant, Tanvir Sajed, Daniel Johnson, Carin Li, Zinat Sayeeda, Nazanin Assempour, Ithayavani Iynkkaran, Yifeng Liu, Adam Maciejewski, Nicola Gale, Alex Wilson, Lucy Chin, Ryan Cummings, Diana Le, Allison Pon, Craig Knox, Michael Wilson
DrugBank (www.drugbank.ca) is a web-enabled database containing comprehensive molecular information about drugs, their mechanisms, their interactions and their targets. First described in 2006, DrugBank has continued to evolve over the past 12 years in response to marked improvements to web standards and changing needs for drug research and development. This year's update, DrugBank 5.0, represents the most significant upgrade to the database in more than 10 years. In many cases, existing data content has grown by 100% or more over the last update...
November 8, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118291/-outcomes-of-pharmaceutical-faculty-focused-introduction-to-nursing-education-for-pharmacy-students-a-questionnaire-survey
#19
Takashi Majima, Hiroshi Ohara
  The scope of pharmaceutical education in Japan has been expanding, and with it an awareness of the importance of team medical care. However, pharmaceutical education still gives little attention to the psychosocial aspects of care, instead focusing on the structures and functions of drugs. In contrast, nursing education emphasizes the fact that medical care involves patients' family and significant others as much as the patients themselves, and thus nursing students are taught the basic needs and developmental stages of those people requiring care alongside their practical nursing skills...
November 9, 2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105697/-health-education-what-is-the-role-for-pharmacist-results-from-a-cross-sectional-study-in-umbria-italy
#20
Vincenza Gianfredi, Silvano Monarca, Massimo Moretti, Milena Villarini
INTRODUCTION: Nowadays, the community pharmacist's role is undergoing profound transformations. As a healthcare provider of the National Health Service, pharmacists are expanding their expertise in Public Health through disease prevention and health promotion programme. In relation to health education and health promotion interventions, this research was aimed to evaluate the knowledge, attitudes and behaviours of a selected sample of private and public pharmacists, working in the Province of Perugia and Terni, Umbria region...
October 2017: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
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