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Ventral CA1 cocaine

Ji-Kyung Choi, Grewo Lim, Iris Y Chen, Bruce G Jenkins
Methamphetamine (meth), and other psychostimulants such as cocaine, present a persistent problem for society with chronic users being highly prone to relapse. We show, in a chronic methamphetamine administration model, that discontinuation of drug for more than a week produces much larger changes in overall meth-induced brain connectivity and cerebral blood volume (CBV) response than changes that occur immediately following meth administration. Areas showing the largest changes were hippocampal, limbic striatum and sensorimotor cortical regions as well as brain stem areas including the pedunculopontine tegmentum (PPTg) and pontine nuclei - regions known to be important in mediating reinstatement of drug-taking after abstinence...
March 5, 2018: NeuroImage
Na Wang, Feifei Ge, Cailian Cui, Yijing Li, Xiaowei Sun, Linlin Sun, Xinjuan Wang, Shuli Liu, Haolin Zhang, Yan Liu, Meng Jia, Mingda Yang
The prelimbic cortex (PL) and infralimbic cortex (IL) play a role in context-induced reinstatement of heroin seeking in an animal model of drug relapse. Both the PL and IL receive direct glutamatergic projections from the ventral CA1 (vCA1), which is also involved in context-induced reinstatement of cocaine and heroin seeking. Here we studied the role of vCA1-PL and vCA1-IL projections in context-induced reinstatement of heroin seeking by using electrophysiological, neuropharmacological, chemogenetic, and molecular methods...
November 14, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Magdalena Sikora, Krzysztof Tokarski, Bartosz Bobula, Joanna Zajdel, Kamila Jastrzębska, Przemysław Eligiusz Cieślak, Magdalena Zygmunt, Joanna Sowa, Magdalena Smutek, Katarzyna Kamińska, Krystyna Gołembiowska, David Engblom, Grzegorz Hess, Ryszard Przewlocki, Jan Rodriguez Parkitna
Plasticity of the brain's dopamine system plays a crucial role in adaptive behavior by regulating appetitive motivation and the control of reinforcement learning. In this study, we investigated drug- and natural-reward conditioned behaviors in a mouse model in which the NMDA receptor-dependent plasticity of dopaminoceptive neurons was disrupted. We generated a transgenic mouse line with inducible selective inactivation of the NR1 subunit in neurons expressing dopamine D1 receptors (the NR1(D1CreERT2) mice)...
May 2016: ENeuro
Madhusudhanan M Keralapurath, Sherri B Briggs, John J Wagner
Allowing rats extended access to cocaine self-administration is thought to recapitulate several key aspects of cocaine addiction in humans. Understanding the mechanisms that underlie drug-induced neuroadaptations that persist in the brain after protracted periods of abstinence is crucial towards the goal of developing therapeutic interventions for this disease state. We have employed both whole-cell voltage clamp and extracellular recording technique to assess changes in neurotransmission and long-term potentiation (LTP) in stratum radiatum of the CA1 region using the rat ventral hippocampal slice preparation...
March 2017: Addiction Biology
Y Li, S Ge, N Li, L Chen, S Zhang, J Wang, H Wu, X Wang, X Wang
Reactivation of consolidated memory initiates a memory reconsolidation process, during which the reactivated memory is susceptible to strengthening, weakening or updating. Therefore, effective interference with the memory reconsolidation process is expected to be an important treatment for drug addiction. The nucleus accumbens (NAc) has been well recognized as a pathway component that can prevent drug relapse, although the mechanism underlying this function is poorly understood. We aimed to clarify the regulatory role of the NAc in the cocaine memory reconsolidation process, by examining the effect of applying different pharmacological interventions to the NAc on Zif 268 and Fos B expression in the entire reward circuit after cocaine memory reactivation...
February 19, 2016: Neuroscience
Madhusudhanan M Keralapurath, Jason K Clark, Sherri Hammond, John J Wagner
Despite the well documented role of the hippocampus in various modes of drug reinstatement behavior, the persisting effects of in vivo cocaine exposure on hippocampal synaptic plasticity are not sufficiently understood. In this report we investigated the effects of cocaine conditioning on long-term potentiation (LTP) in the CA1 region of hippocampus along its septotemporal axis. Male Sprague-Dawley rats experienced a behavioral protocol, in which locomotor activity was monitored in response to various conditioning treatments...
May 2014: Hippocampus
Luyi Zhou, Carla Pruitt, Christina B Shin, Arturo D Garcia, Arturo R Zavala, Ronald E See
Previous studies have shown that female rats exhibit different patterns of drug seeking during multiple phases of cocaine addiction when compared with males. However, the underlying mechanisms for these sex differences remain largely unknown. Here, we used a cocaine self-administration/reinstatement model to examine neuronal activation, as determined by Fos expression, following cue-induced reinstatement of cocaine seeking in male and female rats. Fos expression revealed both similarities between sexes in some brain regions, as well as selective sexually dimorphic patterns...
September 2014: Brain Structure & Function
Jennifer M Bossert, Anna L Stern
In rats, reexposure to heroin-paired contexts after extinction of lever responding in a different context reinstates heroin seeking. Previous reports indicate that ventral hippocampus/Ca1 region plays a critical role in cocaine-, cue- and context-induced reinstatement of cocaine seeking. Here, we examined whether ventral subiculum, the output region of ventral hippocampus, is involved in context-induced reinstatement of heroin seeking. We found that reversible inactivation of ventral subiculum, but not posterior Ca1, with the gamma-aminobutyric acid agonists muscimol + baclofen decreased context-induced reinstatement of heroin seeking...
May 2014: Addiction Biology
B C Rodrigues, J C Cavalcante, C F Elias
Cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART) is widespread in the rodent brain. CART has been implicated in many different functions including reward, feeding, stress responses, sensory processing, learning and memory formation. Recent studies have suggested that CART may also play a role in neural development. Therefore, in the present study we compared the distribution pattern and levels of CART mRNA expression in the forebrain of male and female rats at different stages of postnatal development: P06, P26 and P66...
November 10, 2011: Neuroscience
R B Raffa
Two reports published in the latter 1980s are generally given credit for being the first to announce the discovery of a new subtype of muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (mAChR), designated m5 or M5, and now officially M(5) (1). Both identifications were assigned using molecular biology techniques. Then - as now - no selective high-affinity ligands or toxins were available. In situ hybridization and reverse-transcriptase PCR have found M(5) AChR expression in brain to be distinct from that of the four other G protein-coupled mAChR subtypes and primarily localized to the substantia nigra, ventral tegmental area, hippocampus (CA1 and CA2 subfields), cerebral cortex (outermost layer) and striatum (caudate putamen)...
December 2009: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
Miguel Miguéns, José Antonio Crespo, Nuria Del Olmo, Alejandro Higuera-Matas, Gonzalo L Montoya, Carmen García-Lecumberri, Emilio Ambrosio
Although dopamine and glutamate transmission has been implicated in cocaine dependence, the effects of the extinction of cocaine self-administration on protein transporters in both of these neurotransmitter systems remain unknown. We have used a yoked-box procedure to simultaneously test rats in triads, one rat that actively self-administered cocaine (CONT), while the other two received yoked injections of either cocaine (NON-CONT) or saline (SALINE). The brains in each triad were removed and processed for quantitative autoradiography immediately after the last session of cocaine self-administration (Day 0), or after 1, 5, or 10 days of extinction, and excitatory amino acid transporters (EAATs) and dopamine transporter (DAT) binding was examined...
October 2008: Neuropharmacology
J L Neisewander, D A Baker, R A Fuchs, L T Tran-Nguyen, A Palmer, J F Marshall
To examine neuronal activation associated with incentive motivation for cocaine, cocaine-seeking behavior (operant responding without cocaine reinforcement) and Fos expression were examined in rats exposed to saline and cocaine priming injections and/or a self-administration environment. Rats were first trained to self-administer cocaine or received yoked saline administration ("control"). They then received 21 daily exposures to either the self-administration environment ("extinction") or a different environment ("no extinction") without cocaine available...
January 15, 2000: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
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