keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

ventral CA1

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653257/%C3%AE-adrenergic-receptors-reduce-the-threshold-for-induction-and-stabilization-of-ltp-and-enhance-its-magnitude-via-multiple-mechanisms-in-the-ventral-but-not-the-dorsal-hippocampus
#1
Vassilios Papaleonidopoulos, Costas Papatheodoropoulos
The hippocampus is a functionally heterogeneous structure with the cognitive and emotional signal processing ascribed to the dorsal (DH) and the ventral hippocampus (VH) respectively. However, the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Noradrenaline is released in hippocampus during emotional arousal modulating synaptic plasticity and memory consolidation through activation of β adrenergic receptors (β-ARs). Using recordings of field excitatory postsynaptic potentials from the CA1 field of adult rat hippocampal slices we demonstrate that long-term potentiation (LTP) induced either by theta-burst stimulation (TBS) that mimics a physiological firing pattern of hippocampal neurons or by high-frequency stimulation is remarkably more sensitive to β-AR activation in VH than in DH...
April 10, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624516/neural-pathways-in-medial-septal-cholinergic-modulation-of-chronic-pain-distinct-contribution-of-anterior-cingulate-cortex-and-ventral-hippocampus
#2
Ying-Ying Jiang, Shan Shao, Yu Zhang, Jie Zheng, Xi Chen, Shuang Cui, Feng-Yu Liu, You Wan, Ming Yi
One specific behavior can be synergistically modulated by different neural pathways. Medial septal (MS) cholinergic system innervates widespread cortical and subcortical regions and participates in pain modulation, but the underlying neural pathways are not fully understood. The present study examined the contribution of MS cholinergic neurons and two neural pathways: MS-rostral anterior cingulate cortex (rACC) and MS-ventral hippocampal CA1 (vCA1), in modulating perceptual and affective pain behaviors in a mouse model of chronic inflammatory pain...
April 5, 2018: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606418/ventral-hippocampal-ca1-and-ca3-differentially-mediate-learned-approach-avoidance-conflict-processing
#3
Anett Schumacher, Franz R Villaruel, Alicia Ussling, Sadia Riaz, Andy C H Lee, Rutsuko Ito
Approach-avoidance conflict arises when an animal encounters a stimulus that is associated simultaneously with positive and negative valences [1]. The effective resolution of approach-avoidance conflict is critical for survival and is believed to go awry in a number of mental disorders, such as anxiety and addiction. An accumulation of evidence from both rodents and humans suggests that the ventral hippocampus (anterior in humans) plays a key role in approach-avoidance conflict processing [2-8], with one influential model proposing that this structure modulates behavioral inhibition in the face of conflicting goals by increasing the influence of negative valences [9]...
March 28, 2018: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570499/ketamine-effects-on-mammalian-target-of-rapamycin-signaling-in-the-mouse-limbic-system-depend-on-functional-dopamine-d3-receptors
#4
Cristiano Chiamulera, Marzia di Chio, Laura Cavalleri, Marco Venniro, Laura Padovani, Ginetta Collo
Ketamine is a noncompetitive glutamate N-methyl-D-aspartic acid receptor antagonist. When acutely administered to rodents, it produces a rapid antidepressant effect. There is evidence that N-methyl-D-aspartic acid receptor blockade enhances glutamatergic transmission preferentially engaging α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptors leading to mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin) pathways activation, thus resulting into downstream neuroadaptive changes in limbic structures. Recent in-vitro data on primary neuronal cultures showed that ketamine activates mTOR also in dopaminergic neurons, and this activation depends on the presence of functional dopamine D3 receptors...
March 22, 2018: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550518/hippocampal-modulation-of-cardiorespiratory-function
#5
Itopa E Ajayi, Alice E McGovern, Alexandria K Driessen, Nicole F Kerr, Paul C Mills, Stuart B Mazzone
Changes in cardiorespiratory control accompany the expression of complex emotions, indicative of limbic brain inputs onto bulbar autonomic pathways. Previous studies have focussed on the role of the prefrontal cortex in autonomic regulation. However, the role of the hippocampus, also important in limbic processing, has not been addressed in detail. Anaesthetised, instrumented rats were used to map the location of hippocampal sites capable of evoking changes in cardiorespiratory control showing that stimulation of discrete regions within the CA1 fields of both the dorsal and ventral hippocampus potently alter breathing and cardiovascular activity...
March 14, 2018: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537707/effects-of-endogenous-and-exogenous-d1-d5-dopamine-receptor-activation-on-ltp-in-ventral-and-dorsal-ca1-hippocampal-synapses
#6
Vassilios Papaleonidopoulos, Stylianos Kouvaros, Costas Papatheodoropoulos
Hippocampus is importantly involved in dopamine-dependent behaviors and dopamine is a significant modulator of synaptic plasticity in the hippocampus. Moreover, the dopaminergic innervation appears to be disproportionally segregated along the hippocampal longitudinal (dorsoventral) axis with unknown consequences for synaptic plasticity. In this study we examined the actions of endogenously released dopamine and the effects of exogenous D1/D5 dopamine receptor agonists on theta-burst stimulation-induced long-term potentiation (LTP) of field excitatory synaptic potential (fEPSP) at Schaffer collateral-CA1 synapses in slices from dorsal (DH) and ventral hippocampus (VH)...
March 14, 2018: Synapse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518566/abstinence-to-chronic-methamphetamine-switches-connectivity-between-striatal-hippocampal-and-sensorimotor-regions-and-increases-cerebral-blood-volume-response
#7
Ji-Kyung Choi, Grewo Lim, Iris Y Chen, Bruce G Jenkins
Methamphetamine (meth), and other psychostimulants such as cocaine, present a persistent problem for society with chronic users being highly prone to relapse. We show, in a chronic methamphetamine administration model, that discontinuation of drug for more than a week produces much larger changes in overall meth-induced brain connectivity and cerebral blood volume (CBV) response than changes that occur immediately following meth administration. Areas showing the largest changes were hippocampal, limbic striatum and sensorimotor cortical regions as well as brain stem areas including the pedunculopontine tegmentum (PPTg) and pontine nuclei - regions known to be important in mediating reinstatement of drug-taking after abstinence...
March 5, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432803/learning-and-memory-is-modulated-by-cannabidiol-when-administered-during-trace-fear-conditioning
#8
A L Uhernik, Z T Montoya, C D Balkissoon, J P Smith
Cannabidiol (CBD) is thought to have therapeutic potential for treating psychiatric conditions that affect cognitive aspects of learning and memory, including anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Studies have shown that CBD enhances extinction of fear memory when given after conditioning. This led us to hypothesize that CBD, if administered prior to fear conditioning, might modulate cognitive learning and memory processes in additional ways that would further guide its potential use for treating PTSD...
February 9, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410218/cholinergic-neurons-in-medial-septum-maintain-anxiety-like-behaviors-induced-by-chronic-inflammatory-pain
#9
Ying-Ying Jiang, Yu Zhang, Shuang Cui, Feng-Yu Liu, Ming Yi, You Wan
Cholinergic neurons in the medial septum (MS) participate in various cognitive and emotional behaviors, including innate anxiety. Chronic pain involves perceptual, cognitive and emotional components. Whether MS cholinergic system modulates pain-induced anxiety and the underlying neural circuits are involved remain unclear. In the present study, we showed that chemogenetic (DREADD) inhibition of MS cholinergic neurons relieved pain-induced anxiety-like behaviors in open field and elevated plus maze tests. Inhibiting the MS-rostral anterior cingulate cortex (rACC), but not the MS-ventral hippocampal CA1 pathway, achieved anxiolysis...
February 1, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397273/anxiety-cells-in-a-hippocampal-hypothalamic-circuit
#10
Jessica C Jimenez, Katy Su, Alexander R Goldberg, Victor M Luna, Jeremy S Biane, Gokhan Ordek, Pengcheng Zhou, Samantha K Ong, Matthew A Wright, Larry Zweifel, Liam Paninski, René Hen, Mazen A Kheirbek
The hippocampus is traditionally thought to transmit contextual information to limbic structures where it acquires valence. Using freely moving calcium imaging and optogenetics, we show that while the dorsal CA1 subregion of the hippocampus is enriched in place cells, ventral CA1 (vCA1) is enriched in anxiety cells that are activated by anxiogenic environments and required for avoidance behavior. Imaging cells defined by their projection target revealed that anxiety cells were enriched in the vCA1 population projecting to the lateral hypothalamic area (LHA) but not to the basal amygdala (BA)...
January 30, 2018: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377353/blockade-of-dopamine-d2-receptors-disrupts-intrahippocampal-connectivity-and-enhances-pain-related-working-memory-deficits-in-neuropathic-pain-rats
#11
H Cardoso-Cruz, M Dourado, C Monteiro, V Galhardo
BACKGROUND: Dopamine (DA) is thought to be important to local hippocampal networks integrity during spatial working memory (sWM) processing. Chronic pain may contribute to deficient dopaminergic signalling, which may in turn affect cognition. However, the neural mechanisms that determine this impairment are poorly understood. Here, we evaluated whether the sWM impairment characteristic of animal models of chronic pain is dependent on DA D2 receptor (D2r) activity. METHODS: To address this issue, we implanted multichannel arrays of electrodes in the dorsal and ventral hippocampal CA1 field (dvCA1) of rats and recorded the neuronal activity during a classical delayed food-reinforced T-maze sWM task...
January 26, 2018: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355673/a-role-for-ca3-in-social-recognition-memory
#12
Ming-Ching Chiang, Arthur J Y Huang, Marie E Wintzer, Toshio Ohshima, Thomas J McHugh
Social recognition memory is crucial for survival across species, underlying the need to correctly identify conspecifics, mates and potential enemies. In humans the hippocampus is engaged in social and episodic memory, however the circuit mechanisms of social memory in rodent models has only recently come under scrutiny. Work in mice has established that the dorsal CA2 and ventral CA1 regions play critical roles, however a more comprehensive comparative analyses of the circuits and mechanisms required has not been reported...
February 2, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233091/a-gradient-of-frequency-dependent-synaptic-properties-along-the-longitudinal-hippocampal-axis
#13
Vassilios Papaleonidopoulos, George Trompoukis, Andriana Koutsoumpa, Costas Papatheodoropoulos
BACKGROUND: The hippocampus is a functionally heterogeneous brain structure and specializations of the intrinsic neuronal network may crucially support the functional segregation along the longitudinal axis of the hippocampus. Short-term synaptic plasticity plays fundamental roles in information processing and may be importantly involved in diversifying the properties of local neuronal network along the hippocampus long axis. Therefore, we aimed to examine the properties of the cornu ammonis 1 (CA1) synapses along the entire dorsoventral axis of the rat hippocampus using field excitatory postsynaptic potentials from transverse rat hippocampal slices and a frequency stimulation paradigm...
December 12, 2017: BMC Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232477/behavior-driven-arc-expression-is-reduced-in-all-ventral-hippocampal-subfields-compared-to-ca1-ca3-and-dentate-gyrus-in-rat-dorsal-hippocampus
#14
M K Chawla, V L Sutherland, K Olson, B L McNaughton, C A Barnes
Anatomical connectivity and lesion studies reveal distinct functional heterogeneity along the dorsal-ventral axis of the hippocampus. The immediate early gene Arc is known to be involved in neural plasticity and memory and can be used as a marker for cell activity that occurs, for example, when hippocampal place cells fire. We report here, that Arc is expressed in a greater proportion of cells in dorsal CA1, CA3, and dentate gyrus (DG), following spatial behavioral experiences compared to ventral hippocampal subregions (dorsal CA1 = 33%; ventral CA1 = 13%; dorsal CA3 = 23%; ventral CA3 = 8%; and dorsal DG = 2...
February 2018: Hippocampus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214513/hyper-response-to-novelty-increases-c-fos-expression-in-the-hippocampus-and-prefrontal-cortex-in-a-rat-model-of-schizophrenia
#15
Tomas Monfil, Rubén Antonio Vázquez Roque, Israel Camacho-Abrego, Hiram Tendilla-Beltran, Tommaso Iannitti, Ivan Meneses-Morales, Patricia Aguilar-Alonso, Gonzalo Flores, Julio Cesar Morales-Medina
Schizophrenia is a debilitating disorder that may have a neurodevelopmental origin. For this reason, animal models based on neonatal insults or manipulations have been extensively used to demonstrate schizophrenia-related behaviors. Among those, the neonatal ventral hippocampus lesion (nVHL) is largely used as a model of schizophrenia-related behavior as it mimics behavioral and neurochemical abnormalities often seen in schizophrenic patients including hyperlocomotion in a novel environment. To investigate the neuroanatomical basis of coding novelty in the nVHL rat, we assessed the behavioral locomotor activity paradigm in a novel environment and measured expression of c-Fos, a marker of neural activation, in brain regions involved in the process of coding novelty or locomotion...
February 2018: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191751/hippocampus-ghrelin-receptor-signaling-promotes-socially-mediated-learned-food-preference
#16
Ted M Hsu, Emily E Noble, David J Reiner, Clarissa M Liu, Andrea N Suarez, Vaibhav R Konanur, Matthew R Hayes, Scott E Kanoski
Social cues are potent regulators of feeding behavior, yet the neurobiological mechanisms through which social cues influence food intake are poorly understood. Here we investigate the hypothesis that the appetite-promoting gut-derived hormone, ghrelin, signals in the hippocampus to promote learned social aspects of feeding behavior. We utilized a procedure known as 'social transmission of food preference' (STFP) in which rats ('Observers') experience a social interaction with another rat ('Demonstrators') that recently consumed flavored/scented chow...
March 15, 2018: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175155/neuroanatomical-distribution-of-dek-protein-in-corticolimbic-circuits-associated-with-learning-and-memory-in-adult-male-and-female-mice
#17
Valentina Ghisays, Elizabeth T Nguyen, Joshua Streicher, Nicholas A Pease, Maureen Fitzgerald, Christina M Estrada, Ana Franco-Villanueva, Lisa Privette Vinnedge, Matia B Solomon
DEK, a chromatin-remodeling gene expressed in most human tissues, is known for its role in cancer biology and autoimmune diseases. DEK depletion in vitro reduces cellular proliferation, induces DNA damage subsequently leading to apoptosis, and down-regulates canonical Wnt/β-catenin signaling, a molecular pathway essential for learning and memory. Despite a recognized role in cancer (non-neuronal) cells, DEK expression and function is not well characterized in the central nervous system. We conducted a gene ontology analysis (ToppGene), using a cancer database to identify genes associated with DEK deficiency, which pinpointed several genes associated with cognitive-related diseases (i...
February 10, 2018: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171922/less-means-more-the-magnitude-of-synaptic-plasticity-along-the-hippocampal-dorso-ventral-axis-is-inversely-related-to-the-expression-levels-of-plasticity-related-neurotransmitter-receptors
#18
Valentyna Dubovyk, Denise Manahan-Vaughan
The dorsoventral axis of the hippocampus exhibits functional differentiations with regard to (spatial Vs emotional) learning and information retention (rapid encoding Vs long-term storage), as well as its sensitivity to neuromodulation and information received from extrahippocampal structures. The mechanisms that underlie these differentiations remain unclear. Here, we explored neurotransmitter receptor expression along the dorsoventral hippocampal axis and compared hippocampal synaptic plasticity in the CA1 region of the dorsal (DH), intermediate (IH) and ventral hippocampi (VH)...
February 2018: Hippocampus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149481/neuroprotective-effects-of-melatonin-on-amphetamine-induced-dopaminergic-fiber-degeneration-in-the-hippocampus-of-postnatal-rats
#19
Tanawan Leeboonngam, Ratchadaporn Pramong, Kwankanit Sae-Ung, Piyarat Govitrapong, Pansiri Phansuwan-Pujito
Chronic amphetamine (AMPH) abuse leads to damage of the hippocampus, the brain area associated with learning and memory process. Previous results have shown that AMPH-induced dopamine neurotransmitter release, reactive oxygen species formation, and degenerative protein aggregation lead to neuronal death. Melatonin, a powerful antioxidant, plays a role as a neuroprotective agent. The objective of this study was to investigate whether the protective effect of melatonin on AMPH-induced hippocampal damage in the postnatal rat acts through the dopaminergic pathway...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Pineal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134962/role-of-glutamatergic-projections-from-the-ventral-ca1-to-infralimbic-cortex-in-context-induced-reinstatement-of-heroin-seeking
#20
Na Wang, Feifei Ge, Cailian Cui, Yijing Li, Xiaowei Sun, Linlin Sun, Xinjuan Wang, Shuli Liu, Haolin Zhang, Yan Liu, Meng Jia, Mingda Yang
The prelimbic cortex (PL) and infralimbic cortex (IL) play a role in context-induced reinstatement of heroin seeking in an animal model of drug relapse. Both the PL and IL receive direct glutamatergic projections from the ventral CA1 (vCA1), which is also involved in context-induced reinstatement of cocaine and heroin seeking. Here we studied the role of vCA1-PL and vCA1-IL projections in context-induced reinstatement of heroin seeking by using electrophysiological, neuropharmacological, chemogenetic, and molecular methods...
November 14, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
keyword
keyword
100284
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"