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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345609/dietary-patterns-and-their-association-with-adiponectin-and-leptin-concentrations-throughout-pregnancy-a-prospective-cohort
#1
Nadya H Alves-Santos, Paula G Cocate, Ilana Eshriqui, Camila Benaim, Érica G Barros, Pauline M Emmett, Gilberto Kac
The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of dietary patterns (DP) with maternal adiposity indicators, leptin, adiponectin and insulin concentrations during pregnancy. A prospective cohort of pregnant women followed up at the 5th-13th, 20th -26th and 30th-36th gestational weeks and 30-40 d postpartum was conducted in Rio de Janeiro. A FFQ was administered in the third trimester (30th-36th gestational weeks). The reduced rank regression procedure was used to identify DP that explain response variables (dietary fibre and total fat) related to indicators of maternal adiposity (postpartum weight retention and gestational weight gain (GWG) adequacy), and plasma leptin, adiponectin and insulin concentrations...
January 18, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343854/towards-healthier-supermarkets-a-national-study-of-in-store-food-availability-prominence-and-promotions-in-new-zealand
#2
Stefanie Vandevijvere, Wilma Waterlander, Janine Molloy, Helen Nattrass, Boyd Swinburn
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The retail environment is a key setting for potential public health interventions. This study assessed the healthiness of New Zealand supermarket food environments. SUBJECT/METHODS: A sample of 204 (about 50% of national total) supermarkets across three chains was selected in 2016, half in the most deprived socioeconomic areas. Healthiness indicators related to food availability (ratio of cumulative linear shelf length for healthy versus unhealthy foods), prominence (proportion of 'junk food free' check-outs and end-of-aisle endcaps), and promotion (proportion of 'junk food free' promotions in flyers and in-store) were measured...
January 18, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342984/amaranthus-caudatus-stimulates-insulin-secretion-in-goto-kakizaki-rats-a-model-of-diabetes-mellitus-type-2
#3
Silvia Zambrana, Lena C E Lundqvist, Virginia Veliz, Sergiu-Bogdan Catrina, Eduardo Gonzales, Claes-Göran Östenson
Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 prevalence is increasing worldwide; thus efforts to develop novel therapeutic strategies are required. Amaranthus caudatus (AC) is a pseudo-cereal with reported anti-diabetic effects that is usually consumed in food preparations in Bolivia. This study evaluated the anti-diabetic nutraceutical property of an AC hydroethanolic extract that contains mainly sugars and traces of polyphenols and amino acids (as shown by nalysis with liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)), in type 2 diabetic Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats and healthy Wistar (W) rats...
January 15, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342258/insulin-and-estrogen-independently-and-differentially-reduce-macronutrient-intake-in-healthy-men
#4
Rosemarie Krug, Linda Mohwinkel, Bernhard Drotleff, Jan Born, Manfred Hallschmid
Context: Insulin administration to the central nervous system inhibits food intake, but this effect has been found to be less pronounced in female compared to male organisms. This sex-specific pattern has been suggested to arise from a modulating influence of estrogen signaling on the insulin effect. Objective: We assessed in healthy young men whether pre-treatment with transdermal estradiol interacts with the hypophagic effect of central nervous insulin administration via the intranasal pathway...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340457/diet-quality-of-patients-with-chronic-chagas-disease-in-a-tertiary-hospital-a-case-control-study
#5
Mariana Pereira de Castilhos, Grazielle Vilas Bôas Huguenin, Paulo Rogério Melo Rodrigues, Emília Matos do Nascimento, Basílio de Bragança Pereira, Roberto Coury Pedrosa
INTRODUCTION: Nutritional status has been implicated in the modulation of the immune response, possibly augmenting the pathogenesis of Chagas disease (Cd). We evaluated diet quality and nutritional status in adults and elderly patients with chronic Cd in a tertiary hospital. METHODS: A case-control study of Cd patients was conducted, paired for gender, age, and co-morbidities with non-Cd patients. Anthropometric measurements and food frequency questionnaire was used, and diet quality was assessed by the Brazilian Healthy Eating Index-Revised (BHEI-R)...
November 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339986/seeking-optimal-nutrition-for-healthy-body-mass-reduction-among-former-athletes
#6
Dominika Maciejewska, Małgorzata Michalczyk, Maja Czerwińska-Rogowska, Marcin Banaszczak, Karina Ryterska, Karolina Jakubczyk, Jakub Piotrwski, Joanna Hołowko, Arleta Drozd, Paweł Wysokińki, Krzysztof Ficek, Krzysztof Wilk, Anna Lubkowska, Paweł Cięszczyk, Jerzy Bertrand, Ewa Stachowska
The aim of the study was to investigate the efficacy of 6 week Mediterranean diet or 30% calorie restriction on the fatty acid profile and eicosanoids (hydroxyoctadecadienoi acids and hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids) concentration. Furthermore, basic biochemical variables such as insulin, glucose, HOMA-IR, and a lipid profile were estimated. The study enrolled 94 Caucasian former athletes aged 20-42, with body height of 179 ± 16.00 cm and body mass of 89.26 ± 13.25 kg who had not been active for at least 5 years...
December 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339318/dietary-patterns-body-mass-index-and-inflammation-pathways-to-depression-and-mental-health-problems-in-adolescents
#7
Wendy H Oddy, Karina L Allen, Georgina S A Trapp, Gina L Ambrosini, Lucinda J Black, Rae-Chi Huang, Peter Rzehak, Kevin C Runions, Feng Pan, Lawrence J Beilin, Trevor A Mori
BACKGROUND: Observational studies suggest that dietary patterns may impact mental health outcomes, although biologically plausible pathways are yet to be tested. We aimed to elucidate the longitudinal relationship between dietary patterns, adiposity, inflammation and mental health including depressive symptoms in a population-based cohort of adolescents. METHODS: Data were provided from 843 adolescents participating in the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study at 14 and 17 years (y) of age...
January 12, 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339315/insulin-sensitivity-predicts-brain-network-connectivity-following-a-meal
#8
John P Ryan, Helmet T Karim, Howard J Aizenstein, Nicole L Helbling, Frederico G S Toledo
There is converging evidence that insulin plays a role in food-reward signaling in the brain and has effects on enhancing cognition. Little is known about how these effects are altered in individuals with insulin resistance. The present study was designed to identify the relationships between insulin resistance and functional brain connectivity following a meal. Eighteen healthy adults (7 male, 11 female, age: 41-57 years-old) completed a frequently-sampled intravenous glucose tolerance test to quantify insulin resistance...
January 12, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339276/reliability-of-oscillometric-central-blood-pressure-and-central-systolic-loading-in-individuals-over-50-years-effects-of-posture-and-fasting
#9
Andrew Mitchelmore, Lee Stoner, Danielle Lambrick, Simon Jobson, James Faulkner
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The between-day reliability of oscillometric pulse wave analysis has been demonstrated in a young, healthy population but not in an older sample. This study examined the between-day reliability of the SphygmoCor XCEL in individuals over 50 years. As blood pressure is measured in a range of postures and fasting states (supine/seated, fasted/non-fasted), this study also investigated the effect of these variables on central blood pressure and central systolic loading...
December 27, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339115/toddler-drinks-formulas-and-milks-labeling-practices-and-policy-implications
#10
Jennifer L Pomeranz, Maria J Romo Palafox, Jennifer L Harris
Toddler drinks are a growing category of drinks marketed for young children 9-36 months old. Medical experts do not recommend them, and public health experts raise concerns about misleading labeling practices. In the U.S., the toddler drink category includes two types of products: transition formulas, marketed for infants and toddlers 9-24 months; and toddler milks, for children 12-36 months old. The objective of this study was to evaluate toddler drink labeling practices in light of U.S. food labeling policy and international labeling recommendations...
January 12, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338961/is-eosinophilic-esophagitis-an-equivalent-of-pollen-allergic-asthma-analysis-of-biopsies-and-therapy-guided-by-component-resolved-diagnosis
#11
A Armentia, S Martín-Armentia, B Martín-Armentia, J Santos-Fernández, R Álvarez, B Madrigal, D Fernández-González, S Gayoso, M J Gayoso
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is characterized by esophageal dysfunction and, histologically, by eosinophilic inflammation. There is not a clear etiologic treatment. Biopsies analysis using plant histology methods may show callose and pollen tubes in the esophageal mucosa. Component-resolved diagnosis (CRD) with microarrays could detect possible allergens involved and indicate an elimination diet and allergen immunotherapy (AIT). METHODS: One hundred and twenty-nine patients with EoE were tested for environmental and food allergens...
January 12, 2018: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338585/the-effects-of-a-nutrition-media-literacy-intervention-on-parents-and-youths-communication-about-food
#12
Erica Weintraub Austin, Bruce W Austin, Brian F French, Marilyn A Cohen
Interventions addressing links between media exposure and obesity risk for school-age youth have not explicitly addressed the role of family communication about media. Youths' influence attempts on parents to purchase advertised foods can create conflict and negatively affect parental food choices. This study tested whether a family-based media literacy curriculum improves parents' media management skills and decreases youths' susceptibility to appealing but unrealistic food marketing. A matched-group pretest/posttest field experiment of parent-youth dyads with control group (N = 100 dyads, youth M = 11 years of age) tested the six-session curriculum...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337861/protein-from-meat-or-vegetable-sources-in-meals-matched-for-fiber-content-has-similar-effects-on-subjective-appetite-sensations-and-energy-intake-a-randomized-acute-cross-over-meal-test-study
#13
Lone V Nielsen, Marlene D Kristensen, Lars Klingenberg, Christian Ritz, Anita Belza, Arne Astrup, Anne Raben
Higher-protein meals decrease hunger and increase satiety compared to lower-protein meals. However, no consensus exists about the different effects of animal and vegetable proteins on appetite. We investigated how a meal based on vegetable protein (fava beans/split peas) affected ad libitum energy intake and appetite sensations, compared to macronutrient-balanced, iso-caloric meals based on animal protein (veal/pork or eggs). Thirty-five healthy men were enrolled in this acute cross-over study. On each test day, participants were presented with one of four test meals (~3550 kilojoules (kJ) 19% of energy from protein), based on fava beans/split peas (28...
January 16, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337601/mango-kernel-fat-fractions-as-potential-healthy-food-ingredients-a-review
#14
Jun Jin, Qingzhe Jin, Casimir C Akoh, Xingguo Wang
Mango kernel fat (MKF) has been reported to have high functional and nutritional potential. However, its application in food industry has not been fully explored or developed. In this review, the chemical compositions, physical properties and potential health benefits of MKF are described. MKF is a unique fat consisting of 28.9-65.0% of 1,3-distearoyl-2-oleoyl-glycerol with excellent oxidative stability index (58.8-85.2 h at 110 °C), making the fat and its fractions suitable for use as high-value added food ingredients such as cocoa butter alternatives, trans-free shortenings, and a source of natural antioxidants (e...
January 16, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337278/effects-of-hunger-state-on-the-brain-responses-to-food-cues-across-the-life-span
#15
L Charbonnier, F van Meer, A M Johnstone, D Crabtree, W Buosi, Y Manios, O Androutsos, A Giannopoulou, M A Viergever, P A M Smeets
The abundant exposure to food cues in our environment is one of the main drivers of overconsumption. Food evaluation is important for the regulation of food intake by the brain and it's interaction with hunger state. Children are especially susceptible to food cues. Understanding the mechanisms behind this regulation in healthy individuals across the life span can help to elucidate the mechanisms underlying overconsumption and aid the development of future obesity prevention strategies. Few functional neuroimaging studies have been done in children and elderly...
January 11, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336628/effect-of-multi-ingredient-supplement-containing-satiereal-naringin-and-vitamin-d-on-body-composition-mood-and-satiety-in-overweight-adults
#16
Adam M Gonzalez, Katie M Sell, Jamie J Ghigiarelli, Robert W Spitz, Matthew R Accetta, Gerald T Mangine
The purpose of this investigation was to examine the effects of 28 days of a dietary supplement on body composition, mood, and satiety in overweight adults. Twenty healthy adults (25.5 ± 3.8 years; 87.3 ± 20.7 kg; 169.9 ± 10.6 cm; 29.9 ± 5.1 body mass index) participated in this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled investigation. Ten participants were provided with a dietary supplement containing 178 mg satiereal, 100 mg naringin, and 2,000 IU vitamin D3 daily (SUPP), and ten participants were provided a placebo (PL) for 28 days...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335239/comparing-diet-and-exercise-monitoring-using-smartphone-app-and-paper-diary-a-two-phase-intervention-study
#17
Florence Jimoh, Elizabeth K Lund, Linda J Harvey, Catherine Frost, W James Lay, Mark A Roe, Rachel Berry, Paul M Finglas
BACKGROUND: There is increasing recognition that personalized approaches may be more effective in helping people establish healthier eating patterns and exercise more, and that this approach may be particularly effective in adolescents. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the use of a smartphone app (FoodWiz2) in supporting healthy lifestyle choices in adolescence. METHODS: Participants (N=34: 11 male, 23 female) aged 16-19 years in full- or part-time education were recruited from sixth form colleges, schools, and other further education establishments in Norfolk and Suffolk, United Kingdom, between February and May 2015...
January 15, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334994/the-relationship-between-home-and-individual-level-diet-quality-among-african-american-and-hispanic-latino-households-with-young-children
#18
Angela Kong, Linda Schiffer, Mirjana Antonic, Carol Braunschweig, Angela Odoms-Young, Marian Fitzgibbon
BACKGROUND: The quality of most Americans' diets is far from optimal. Given that many Americans consume a significant portion of calories in the home, intervening in this setting could be beneficial. However, the relationship between the home food environment and diet quality is not well understood. This study examined the relationship between diet quality at the individual level with home-level diet quality using an index that measures compliance with federal dietary guidance. METHODS: This was a cross sectional study that enrolled 97 African American and Hispanic/Latino low-income parent-child dyads...
January 15, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334935/adoption-and-diffusion-of-zoning-bylaws-banning-fast-food-drive-through-services-across-canadian-municipalities
#19
Candace I J Nykiforuk, Elizabeth J Campbell, Soultana Macridis, Daniel McKennitt, Kayla Atkey, Kim D Raine
BACKGROUND: Healthy public policy is an important tool for creating environments that support human health and wellbeing. At the local level, municipal policies, such as zoning bylaws, provide an opportunity for governments to regulate building location and the type of services offered. Across North America, there has been a recent proliferation of municipal bylaws banning fast food drive-through services. Research on the utilization of this policy strategy, including bylaw adopters and adopter characteristics, is limited within the Canadian context...
January 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334745/-citalopram-and-qt-prolongation
#20
Štefan Alušík, Zoltán Paluch
In 2011/2012, the US Food and Drug Administration issued a warning about the effect of citalopram on the QT interval and decreased its dosing. Further studies addressing this issue have been published since then. The authors were interested to know whether or not the studies have furnished new information that could modify or further specify the FDA-issued recommendations. After analyzing the most relevant studies, the authors concluded that even papers published within the last 5 years confirmed that, of the SSRI class of drugs, citalopram prolongs the QT interval most significantly...
2018: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
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