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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651395/-analysis-of-dietary-pattern-and-diabetes-mellitus-influencing-factors-identified-by-classification-tree-model-in-adults-of-fujian
#1
F L Yu, Y Ye, Y S Yan
Objective: To find out the dietary patterns and explore the relationship between environmental factors (especially dietary patterns) and diabetes mellitus in the adults of Fujian. Methods: Multi-stage sampling method were used to survey residents aged ≥18 years by questionnaire, physical examination and laboratory detection in 10 disease surveillance points in Fujian. Factor analysis was used to identify the dietary patterns, while logistic regression model was applied to analyze relationship between dietary patterns and diabetes mellitus, and classification tree model was adopted to identify the influencing factors for diabetes mellitus...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650672/campylobacter-species-isolated-from-pigs-in-grenada-exhibited-novel-clones-genotypes-and-antimicrobial-resistance-profiles-of-sequence-types
#2
Victor A Amadi, Vanessa Matthew-Belmar, Charmarthy Subbarao, Isaac Kashoma, Gireesh Rajashekara, Ravindra Sharma, Harry Hariharan, Diana Stone
Infections caused by Campylobacter species pose a severe threat to public health worldwide. However, in Grenada, the occurrence and characteristics of Campylobacter in food animals, including pigs, remain mostly unknown. In this study, we identified the sequence types (STs) of Campylobacter from young healthy pigs in Grenada and compared the results with previous studies in Grenada and other countries. Antimicrobial resistance patterns and diversity of the Campylobacter clones were evaluated. Ninety-nine Campylobacter isolates (97 Campylobacter coli and 2 Campylobacter jejuni) were analyzed by multilocus sequence typing...
June 26, 2017: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650370/five-strategies-for-encouraging-seafood-consumption-what-health-professionals-need-to-know
#3
Julia Quam, Kellie Casavale
There is confusion among many Americans, particularly women who are pregnant or breastfeeding and parents and caregivers of young children, regarding seafood consumption. The 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans encourages us to eat a greater variety of protein foods. One way to do this is to choose seafood twice a week in place of meats, poultry, or eggs. Seafood, which includes fish and shellfish, is recommended for the total package of nutrients it provides. However, the average American is eating much less seafood than recommended...
July 2017: Home Healthcare Now
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649790/safety-of-a-benazepril-and-pimobendan-combination-tablet-in-adult-healthy-dogs
#4
E A Kuntz, G Strehlau, J M Giraudel, J N King
The objective of the study was to investigate the safety of a combination tablet of benazepril and pimobendan, Fortekor PLUS(®) , in a randomized, blinded, parallel-group design study in healthy adult beagle dogs. The test article, Fortekor PLUS(®) tablets, was administered orally twice daily for 6 months at one, two, and four times the highest recommended dosage of 0.5 mg/kg benazepril hydrochloride/0.25 mg/kg pimobendan (four males and four females per group). An additional control group was sham-dosed...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649567/effect-of-dark-chocolate-extracts-on-phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate-induced-oxidative-burst-in-leukocytes-isolated-by-normo-weight-and-overweight-obese-subjects
#5
Francesca Ioannone, Giampiero Sacchetti, Mauro Serafini
Oxidative and inflammatory stress represents a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in overweight and obese subjects. Between the different plant foods, chocolate has been shown to decrease CVD risk due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. However, as we recently showed in epidemiological studies, meta-analyses, and human trials, dietary antioxidants resulted more effective in subjects characterized by an ongoing oxidative stress, than in healthy people. Aim of this work was to investigate the effect of different concentrations of chocolate phenolic extract (CPE) on in vitro free radical production, stimulated by phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), in leukocytes extracted from blood of normo-weight and overweight/obese subjects...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649252/sexual-dimorphic-responses-in-lymphocytes-of-healthy-individuals-after-carica-papaya-consumption
#6
Nur Ramziahrazanah Jumat, Mun Yee Chong, Zainina Seman, Rosita Jamaluddin, Nyet Kui Wong, Maha Abdullah
Sexual dimorphism in immune response is widely recognized, but few human studies have observed this distinction. Food with endo-immunomodulatory potential may reveal novel sex-biased in vivo interactions. Immunomodulatory effects of Carica papaya were compared between healthy male and female individuals. Volunteers were given fixed meals supplemented with papaya for 2 days. Changes in blood immune profiles and hormone levels were determined. In females, total natural killer (NK) cell percentages decreased (12...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649061/effect-of-seaweeds-occurring-at-karachi-coast-on-mosquito-larvae-and-liver-function-in-rats
#7
Khan Hira, Rajput M Tariq, Viqar Sultana, Jehan Ara, Syed Ehteshamul Haque
Seaweeds have been consumed as human food from thousands of years. In this study ethanol extract of 16 different seaweeds were tested for mosquito larvicidal activity against 4th instar larvae of Aedes aegyptii. The ethanol extracts of Padina pavonia and Sargassum ilicifolium caused 50% mortality at 1200ppm concentration. However other seaweeds Halimeda tuna, Ulva lactuca (Chlorophyta), Dictyota dichotoma var intricata, Jolyna laminariodes, Sargassum binderi (Phaeophyta), Melanothamnus afaqhusainii and Solieria robusta (Rhodophyta) showed LC50 at ≈1500 ppm concentration...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648926/does-opening-a-supermarket-in-a-food-desert-change-the-food-environment
#8
Madhumita Ghosh-Dastidar, Gerald Hunter, Rebecca L Collins, Shannon N Zenk, Steven Cummins, Robin Beckman, Alvin K Nugroho, Jennifer C Sloan, La'Vette Wagner, Tamara Dubowitz
Improving access to healthy foods in low-income neighborhoods is a national priority. Our study evaluated the impact of opening a supermarket in a 'food desert' on healthy food access, availability and prices in the local food environment. We conducted 30 comprehensive in-store audits collecting information on healthy and unhealthy food availability, food prices and store environment, as well as 746 household surveys in two low-income neighborhoods before and after one of the two neighborhoods received a new supermarket...
June 22, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647385/hunger-and-disinhibition-but-not-cognitive-restraint-are-associated-with-central-norepinephrine-transporter-availability
#9
A Bresch, M Rullmann, J Luthardt, G A Becker, M Patt, Y-S Ding, A Hilbert, O Sabri, S Hesse
The relationship between food-intake related behaviours measured by the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ) and in vivo norepinephrine transporter (NET) availability has not been explored yet. We investigated ten obese individuals (body mass index (BMI) 42.4 ± 3.7 kg/m(2)) and ten normal-weight healthy controls (HC, BMI 23.9 ± 2.5 kg/m(2)) with (S,S)-[(11)C]-O-methylreboxetine ([(11)C]MRB) positron emission tomography (PET). All participants completed the TFEQ, which measures cognitive restraint, disinhibition and hunger...
June 21, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647384/impulsivity-moderates-the-effect-of-approach-bias-modification-on-healthy-food-consumption
#10
Naomi Kakoschke, Eva Kemps, Marika Tiggemann
The study aimed to modify approach bias for healthy and unhealthy food and to determine its effect on subsequent food consumption. In addition, we investigated the potential moderating role of impulsivity in the effect of approach bias re-training on food consumption. Participants were 200 undergraduate women (17-26 years) who were randomly allocated to one of five conditions of an approach-avoidance task varying in the training of an approach bias for healthy food, unhealthy food, and non-food cues in a single session of 10 min...
June 21, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647383/impact-of-agaricus-bisporus-mushroom-consumption-on-satiety-and-food-intake
#11
Julie M Hess, Qi Wang, Clarissa Kraft, Joanne L Slavin
Previous studies on mushrooms suggest that they can be more satiating than meat, but this effect has not been studied with protein-matched amounts. The objective of this study was to assess the differences with satiety and ten-day food intake between A. bisporus mushrooms (226 g) and meat (28 g) in a randomized open-label crossover study. Thirty-two healthy participants (17 women, 15 men) consumed two servings of mushrooms or meat for ten days. On the first day, fasted participants consumed protein-matched breakfasts...
June 21, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646832/diet-for-women-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a-preliminary-study
#12
Diana Wasiluk, Lucyna Ostrowska, Ewa Stefańska, Agnieszka Janke, Grażyna Jurkowska
Background: Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is one of the most frequent digestive system diseases, of various medical signs. It is assumed that proper life style, including appropriate, rational diet is a factor helpful for treating such a disorder. Objective: The purpose of this paper was to assess the selected dietary habits, and to evaluate the nutritional value of daily food rations for patients with a mixed type of Irritable Bowel Syndrome. Material and Methods: The questionnaire survey involved a group of 32 women suffering from a mixed type of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (The Rome III Diagnostic Criteria were used to diagnose the disease)...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646548/targeted-calorie-message-promotes-healthy-beverage-consumption-better-than-charity-incentive
#13
Peggy Policastro, Taylor Palm, Janet Schwartz, Gretchen Chapman
OBJECTIVE: Sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption is cited as a major contributor to the U.S. obesity epidemic. The objective of this paper was to leverage insights from behavioral economics to examine whether nudges would entice college students to save meal calories by choosing water over SSBs. METHODS: Three message-based nudge interventions, with washout periods between, were used during the 7-week study. Calorie savings (self-interest), charity (prosocial), or charity-plus-calorie message posters were displayed in a college-based food franchise...
June 24, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643162/dental-caries-a-disease-which-needs-attention
#14
Vijay Prakash Mathur, Jatinder Kaur Dhillon
Dental caries is one of the most prevalent disease (about 50%) in children across the globe. If not treated in time, it can affect not only the mastication function but also the speech, smile and psychosocial environment and the quality of life of the child and the family. The treatment of dental diseases is very expensive in all countries and prevention is very simple and effective. The caries in children below 6 y is called early childhood caries (ECC). It is most commonly caused by milk bottle or mother's feed during night...
June 23, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642676/international-society-of-sports-nutrition-position-stand-protein-and-exercise
#15
REVIEW
Ralf Jäger, Chad M Kerksick, Bill I Campbell, Paul J Cribb, Shawn D Wells, Tim M Skwiat, Martin Purpura, Tim N Ziegenfuss, Arny A Ferrando, Shawn M Arent, Abbie E Smith-Ryan, Jeffrey R Stout, Paul J Arciero, Michael J Ormsbee, Lem W Taylor, Colin D Wilborn, Doug S Kalman, Richard B Kreider, Darryn S Willoughby, Jay R Hoffman, Jamie L Krzykowski, Jose Antonio
The International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN) provides an objective and critical review related to the intake of protein for healthy, exercising individuals. Based on the current available literature, the position of the Society is as follows:An acute exercise stimulus, particularly resistance exercise, and protein ingestion both stimulate muscle protein synthesis (MPS) and are synergistic when protein consumption occurs before or after resistance exercise.For building muscle mass and for maintaining muscle mass through a positive muscle protein balance, an overall daily protein intake in the range of 1...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642069/chronic-choline-supplementation-improves-cognitive-and-motor-performance-via-modulating-oxidative-and-neurochemical-status-in-rats
#16
Saiqa Tabassum, Saida Haider, Saara Ahmad, Syeda Madiha, Tahira Parveen
Choline, an essential nutrient, accounts for multiple functions in the body and brain. While its beneficial effects on healthy adults are not clear, choline supplementation is important during pregnancy for brain development, in elderly patients for support of cognitive performance and in patients with neurological disorders to reduce memory deficits. Thus, the aim of this study is to investigate whether choline administration in healthy adult rats beneficially impacts cognitive and locomotor performance, and associated oxidative and neurochemical outcomes...
June 19, 2017: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641600/the-influence-of-food-consumption-and-socio-economic-factors-on-the-relationship-between-zinc-and-iron-intake-and-status-in-a-healthy-population
#17
Marija Knez, Marina Nikolic, Milica Zekovic, James Cr Stangoulis, Mirjana Gurinovic, Maria Glibetic
OBJECTIVE: To examine Zn and Fe nutritional status of a healthy population by means of anthropometric, dietary and biochemical measurements and to investigate the relationship of usual Zn and Fe dietary intakes to Zn and Fe status. In addition, to examine the impact of food choices and socio-economic factors on Fe and Zn dietary intakes and status with the aim to identify groups at risk of dietary deficiency and suggest factors that may influence the status of these nutrients. DESIGN: Food consumption was assessed by 24 h recall questionnaires...
June 23, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639244/veterinary-public-health-in-italy-from-healthy-animals-to-healthy-food-contribution-to-improve-economy-in-developing-countries
#18
Margherita Cacaci, Rossella Colomba Lelli
The role of the veterinarian as a public health officer is intrinsic to the history and the culture of veterinary organization in Italy. The Veterinary service being part of the Health administration since the birth of the Italian State in the XIX Century. In the second half of the last century the birth of the Italian National Health Service confirmed that the function of the Italian veterinary service was to analyze and reduce the risks for the human population connected to the relationship man-animal-environment, animal health, food safety and security...
June 22, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638217/diet-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-what-to-recommend-not-what-to-forbid-to-patients
#19
REVIEW
Anamaria Cozma-Petruţ, Felicia Loghin, Doina Miere, Dan Lucian Dumitraşcu
A substantial proportion of patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) associate their symptoms with the ingestion of specific foods. Therefore, in recent years, scientific research has increasingly focused on the role of diet in IBS and dietary management is now considered an important tool in IBS treatment. This article reviews the main dietary approaches in IBS emphasizing evidence from experimental and observational studies and summarizing the main diet and lifestyle recommendations provided by dietary guidelines and scientific literature...
June 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637074/-nutrition-in-cancer-effective-in-prevention-and-treatment
#20
Jann Arends
Nutritional effects on cancer occurrence and on treatment outcome in cancer patients may depend on food preferences and on the quantity of foods supplied. However, it has been difficult to reliably show beneficial effects of specific dietary concepts on cancer incidence. On the other hand, obesity as a result of chronic overfeeding has been linked firmly to an increased risk of a number of cancers as well as on cancer recurrence after treatment. Metabolic consequences of obesity and other components of the metabolic syndrome may be responsible for inducing and/or promoting cancer growth and should be antagonized by regular moderate physical activity in healthy subjects and in cancer survivors...
June 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
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