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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534446/blood-fatty-acid-changes-in-healthy-young-americans-in-response-to-a-10-week-diet-that-increased-n-3-and-reduced-n-6-fatty-acid-consumption-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Andrew J Young, Bernadette P Marriott, Catherine M Champagne, Michael R Hawes, Scott J Montain, Neil M Johannsen, Kevin Berry, Joseph R Hibbeln
Military personnel generally under-consume n-3 fatty acids and overconsume n-6 fatty acids. In a placebo-controlled, double-blinded study, we investigated whether a diet suitable for implementation in military dining facilities and civilian cafeterias could benefit n-3/n-6 fatty acid status of consumers. Three volunteer groups were provided different diets for 10 weeks. Control (CON) participants consumed meals from the US Military's Standard Garrison Dining Facility Menu. Experimental, moderate (EXP-Mod) and experimental-high (EXP-High) participants consumed the same meals, but high n-6 fatty acid and low n-3 fatty acid containing chicken, egg, oils and food ingredients were replaced with products having less n-6 fatty acids and more n-3 fatty acids...
May 23, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534124/parental-misperception-of-child-s-weight-and-related-factors-within-family-norms
#2
Seo Ah Hong, Karl Peltzer, Chutima Jalayondeja
PURPOSE: Parental perception of their child's weight may be a crucial factor in parental ability for action with regard to their child's weight problem. This aim of this study was to investigate parental perception of their child's weight status and dietary healthiness, amount of food consumed and physical activity level and its related factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among children (Grades 4-6) selected by cluster sampling in two schools...
May 22, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534060/food-swamps-by-area-socioeconomic-deprivation-in-new-zealand-a-national-study
#3
Zaynel Sushil, Stefanie Vandevijvere, Daniel J Exeter, Boyd Swinburn
OBJECTIVES: A nationwide spatial analysis of community retail food environments in relation to area socioeconomic deprivation was conducted in New Zealand. METHODS: Addresses from about 20,000 registered food outlets were retrieved from all 66 Councils. Outlets were classified, geocoded and (spatially) validated. The analysis included 4087 convenience, 4316 fast food/takeaway and 1271 supermarket and fruit/vegetable outlets and excluded outlets not considered 'healthy' or 'unhealthy'...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533568/leveraging-geotagged-twitter-data-to-examine-neighborhood-happiness-diet-and-physical-activity
#4
Quynh C Nguyen, Suraj Kath, Hsien-Wen Meng, Dapeng Li, Ken Robert Smith, James A VanDerslice, Ming Wen, Feifei Li
OBJECTIVES: Using publicly available, geotagged Twitter data, we created neighborhood indicators for happiness, food and physical activity for three large counties: Salt Lake, San Francisco and New York. METHODS: We utilize 2.8 million tweets collected between February-August 2015 in our analysis. Geo-coordinates of where tweets were sent allow us to spatially join them to 2010 census tract locations. We implemented quality control checks and tested associations between Twitter-derived variables and sociodemographic characteristics...
August 2016: Applied Geography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532659/two-year-healthy-eating-outcomes-an-rct-in-afterschool-programs
#5
Michael W Beets, R Glenn Weaver, Gabrielle Turner-McGrievy, Jennifer Huberty, Justin B Moore, Dianne S Ward, Darcy A Freedman, Aaron Beighle
INTRODUCTION: Across the U.S., afterschool programs (ASPs, 3:00pm-6:00pm) are trying to achieve nationally endorsed nutrition standards (Healthy Eating Standards) calling for fruits/vegetables and water to be served every day, while eliminating sugar-sweetened beverages and foods. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the 2-year changes in the types of foods and beverages served during a community-based intervention designed to achieve the Healthy Eating Standards. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized delayed treatment trial with an immediate (1-year baseline and 2-year intervention) or delayed (2-year baseline and 1-year intervention) group...
May 19, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532626/single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-of-abcc2-modulate-renal-secretion-of-endogenous-organic-anions
#6
Kienana Muhrez, Bérenger Largeau, Patrick Emond, Montigny Frédéric, Jean-Michel Halimi, Patrick Trouillas, Chantal Barin-LE Guellec
The ATP-binding cassette family transporter MRP2 (multidrug resistance-associated protein 2), encoded by the ABCC2 gene, is involved in the renal excretion of numerous xenobiotics and it is likely that it also transports many endogenous molecules arising from not only normal essential metabolic processes but also from environmental toxins or food intake. We used a targeted gas chromatography-mass spectrometry metabolomics analysis to study whether endogenous organic anions are differentially excreted in urines of healthy volunteers according to their genotype for three functional single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in ABCC2...
May 19, 2017: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532533/glycaemic-index-and-glycaemic-load-values-of-commonly-consumed-foods-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#7
Ayesha S Al Dhaheri, C Jeyakumar K Henry, Maysm N Mohamad, Eric O Ohuma, Leila Cheikh Ismail, Fatima T Al Meqbaali, Amjad H Jarrar
Glycaemic index (GI) and glycaemic load (GL) values of some commonly consumed foods in the United Arab Emirates were determined with an aim of adding these values to the existing international table of GI and GL values. In all, eighteen test foods categorised into breads (n 5), entrée dishes (n 3), main dishes (n 5) and sweet dishes (n 5) were tested. For each test food, at least fifteen healthy participants consumed 25 or 50 g available carbohydrate portions of a reference food (glucose), which was tested three times, and a test food after an overnight fast, was tested once, on separate occasions...
May 23, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532472/an-audit-of-food-and-beverage-advertising-on-the-sydney-metropolitan-train-network-regulation-and-policy-implications
#8
Emma Sainsbury, Stephen Colagiuri, Roger Magnusson
BACKGROUND: Increased marketing of energy-dense, nutrient-poor foods has been identified as a driver of the global obesity epidemic and a priority area for preventative efforts. Local and international research has focused on the unhealthiness of television advertising, with limited research into the growing outdoor advertising industry. This study aimed to examine the extent of food and beverage advertising on the Sydney metropolitan train network, and to assess the nutritional quality of advertised products against the Australian Guide to Healthy Eating...
May 22, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530454/-hungarian-diet-and-nutritional-status-survey-the-otap2014-study-iv-microelement-intake-of-the-hungarian-population
#9
Barbara Nagy, Zsuzsanna Nagy-Lőrincz, Márta Bakacs, Éva Illés, Eszter Sarkadi Nagy, Gergő Erdei, Éva Martos
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: The Hungarian Diet and Nutritional Status Survey examined the dietary habits of the Hungarian population. This publication presents the microelement intake. METHOD: The survey represents the microelement intake of the Hungarian non-institutionalised adult population of 18 years and older. RESULTS: While the intake of iron, copper and manganese corresponded with the recommendations in males, in females it was insufficient...
May 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529693/a-simple-method-for-calculation-of-basic-molecular-properties-of-nutrients-and-their-use-as-a-criterion-for-a-healthy-diet
#10
Veljko Veljkovic, Vladimir Perovic, Marko Anderluh, Slobodan Paessler, Milena Veljkovic, Sanja Glisic, Garth Nicolson
Background: Healthy nutrition is vital for good health and well-being. Despite the important role of a healthy nutritional diet, recommendations for healthy eating remain elusive and are mainly based on general properties of nutrients. The present study proposes an improved characterization of the molecular characteristics of nutrients, which are important for biological functions and can be useful in describing a healthy diet. Methods: We investigated the electronic properties of some known nutrient ingredients...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529331/butyrylcholinesterase-regulates-central-ghrelin-signaling-and-impacts-food-intake-and-glucose-homeostasis
#11
V P Chen, Y Gao, L Geng, S Brimijoin
BACKGROUND: Ghrelin is the only orexigenic hormone known to stimulate food intake and promote obesity and insulin resistance. We recently showed that plasma ghrelin is controlled by butyrylcholinesterase (BChE), which has a strong impact on feeding and weight gain. BChE knockout (KO) mice are prone to obesity on high-fat diet but hepatic BChE gene transfer rescues normal food intake and obesity resistance. However, these mice lack brain BChE and still develop hyperinsulinemia and insulin resistance, suggesting essential interactions between BChE and ghrelin within the brain...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529114/perceptions-of-healthy-eating-amongst-indian-adolescents-in-india-and-canada
#12
Natasha Correa, Divya Rajaraman, Sumathi Swaminathan, Mario Vaz, K G Jayachitra, Scott A Lear, Zubin Punthakee
INTRODUCTION: Dietary patterns have contributed to the rising prevalence of overweight and obesity among Indian adolescents. Yet there are limited studies on their perspectives on healthy eating. The purpose of this study was to understand perceptions and attitudes of Indian-origin adolescents in India and Canada that may contribute to healthy eating behaviour. METHODS: Qualitative data collection and analysis of 13 focus group discussions (FGD) was conducted among 34 boys and 39 girls (total number of participants: 73) of different weight and socioeconomic status (SES) in rural and urban India, and urban Canada aged 11-18 years...
May 18, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527952/community-gardening-in-poor-neighborhoods-in-france-a-way-to-re-think-food-practices
#13
Pauline Martin, Jean-Noël Consalès, Pascale Scheromm, Paul Marchand, Florence Ghestem, Nicole Darmon
Social inequalities in diet are attributed to sociocultural determinants, economic constraints, and unequal access to healthy food. Fruits and vegetables are lacking in the diets of disadvantaged populations. The objective was to test the hypothesis that, in poor neighborhoods, community gardeners will have larger supply of healthy food, especially fruit and vegetables, than non-gardeners. We examined community gardens from the perspective of production, economics and nutrition, and social and symbolic dimensions, through multidisciplinary investigations involving women with access to a community garden plot in a poor neighborhood of Marseille, France...
May 17, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527759/selection-of-new-lactic-acid-bacteria-strains-bearing-probiotic-features-from-mucosal-microbiota-of-healthy-calves-looking-for-immunobiotics-through-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-approaches-for-immunoprophylaxis-applications
#14
Sávio Sandes, Luige Alvim, Bruno Silva, Leonardo Acurcio, Cinara Santos, Márcia Campos, Camila Santos, Jacques Nicoli, Elisabeth Neumann, Álvaro Nunes
From the birth, since their mucosal microbiota and immune system are not fully developed, newborn calves are susceptible to several mucosal pathogenic microorganisms. Operating through humoral and non-humoral mechanisms in the host, several lactic acid bacteria strains bearing probiotic features are often employed in livestock as food supplement, improving animal production performance, promoting health and reducing the severity of mucosal infections. Accordingly, we isolated, species-level identified and screened for their probiotic potentials seventy lactic acid bacteria strains from upper airway, vaginal and intestinal mucosa of healthy calves...
July 2017: Microbiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527691/food-and-water-intake-body-temperature-and-metabolic-consequences-of-interleukin-1%C3%AE-microinjection-into-the-cingulate-cortex-of-the-rat
#15
B Csetényi, E Hormay, I Szabó, G Takács, B Nagy, K László, Z Karádi
In order to elucidate whether cytokine mechanisms of the cingulate cortex (cctx) are important in the central regulation of homeostasis, in the present study, feeding-metabolic effects of direct bilateral microinjection of interleukin-1β (IL-1β) into the cctx of the rat have been investigated. Short- (2h), medium (12h) and long-term (24h) food and water intakes and body temperature were measured after the intracerebral administration of this primary cytokine or vehicle solution, with or without paracetamol pretreatment...
May 17, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526963/incorporation-of-the-time-varying-postprandial-increase-in-splanchnic-blood-flow-into-a-pbpk-model-to-predict-the-effect-of-food-on-the-pharmacokinetics-of-orally-administered-high-extraction-drugs
#16
Rachel H Rose, David B Turner, Sibylle Neuhoff, Masoud Jamei
Following a meal, a transient increase in splanchnic blood flow occurs that can result in increased exposure to orally administered high-extraction drugs. Typically, physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) models have incorporated this increase in blood flow as a time-invariant fed/fasted ratio, but this approach is unable to explain the extent of increased drug exposure. A model for the time-varying increase in splanchnic blood flow following a moderate- to high-calorie meal (TV-Q Splanch) was developed to describe the observed data for healthy individuals...
May 19, 2017: AAPS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526704/elder-women-s-perceptions-around-optimal-perinatal-health-a-constructivist-grounded-theory-study-with-an-indigenous-community-in-southern-ontario
#17
Sujane Kandasamy, Meredith Vanstone, Mark Oremus, Trista Hill, Gita Wahi, Julie Wilson, A Darlene Davis, Ruby Jacobs, Rebecca Anglin, Sonia Savitri Anand
BACKGROUND: Women play important roles in translating health knowledge, particularly around pregnancy and birth, in Indigenous societies. We investigated elder Indigenous women's perceptions around optimal perinatal health. METHODS: Using a methodological framework that integrated a constructivist grounded-theory approach with an Indigenous epistemology, we conducted and analyzed in-depth interviews and focus groups with women from the Six Nations community in southern Ontario who self-identified as grandmothers...
May 18, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526387/adequacy-of-nutrient-intake-in-women-with-restrictive-anorexia-nervosa
#18
Chiara Chiurazzi, Iolanda Cioffi, Carmela De Caprio, Emilia De Filippo, Maurizio Marra, Rosa Sammarco, Maria Luisa Di Guglielmo, Franco Contaldo, Fabrizio Pasanisi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to assess energy and nutrient intake in a group of women with restrictive AN (r-AN) compared with a control group. METHODS: Thirteen r-AN patients and 13 healthy female controls completed 7-d food records. Intake of macro- and micronutrients was compared between the two groups as well as to the Dietary Reference Intake for the Italian Population (LARN) for specific ages. Additionally, the r-AN patients underwent indirect calorimetry for measuring resting energy expenditure (REE)...
June 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525439/evaluation-of-community-based-policy-systems-and-environment-interventions-targeting-the-vending-machines
#19
Kristen M Garcia, Whitney R Garney, Kristin M Primm, Kenneth R McLeroy
The American Heart Association conducted policy, systems, and environmental (PSE) focused interventions to increase healthy vending in 8 communities. PSE interventions were assessed using the Nutrition Environment Measures Survey Vending Assessment to see changes in the food environment. Baseline and follow-up assessments were conducted with 3 settings and a total of 19 machines. PSE changes resulted in increased availability of healthy options and decreased unhealthy options. Implementation of PSE interventions targeting the food environment can be an effective method of providing increased access to healthy foods and beverages with the goal of increasing consumption to decrease chronic diseases...
July 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524600/validation-of-smartpill-%C3%A2-wireless-motility-capsule-for-gastrointestinal-transit-time-intra-subject-variability-software-accuracy-and-comparison-with-video-capsule-endoscopy
#20
H O Diaz Tartera, D-L Webb, A Kh Al-Saffar, M A Halim, G Lindberg, P Sangfelt, P M Hellström
BACKGROUND: There is interest in ultimately combining endoscopy and motility assessments. Gastric emptying (GET), small bowel (SBTT), colon (CTT) and whole gut transit (WGTT) times are conveniently obtained by SmartPill(®) wireless motility capsule (WMC) that records luminal pH, temperature and pressure. Reproducibility within same subjects and accuracy of software derived times (MotiliGI(®) ) were investigated for diagnostic application. GET and SBTT were separately measured using video capsule endoscopy (VCE)...
May 19, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
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