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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150472/are-food-and-drink-retailers-within-nhs-venues-adhering-to-nice-quality-standard-94-guidance-on-childhood-obesity-a-cross-sectional-study-of-two-large-secondary-care-nhs-hospitals-in-england
#1
Alice James, Laura Birch, Peter Fletcher, Sally Pearson, Catherine Boyce, Andy R Ness, Julian P Hamilton-Shield, Fiona E Lithander
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the food and drink retail outlets in two major National Health Service (NHS) district general hospitals in England adhere to quality statements 1-3 of the UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) quality standard 94. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, descriptive study to assess the food and drink options available in vending machines, restaurants, cafes and shops in two secondary care hospitals. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Adherence to quality statement 1 whereby the food and drink items available in the vending machines were classified as either healthy or less healthy using the Nutrient Profiling Model (NPM)...
November 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150401/choose-health-food-fun-and-fitness-an-experiential-youth-curriculum-that-promotes-healthy-eating-and-active-play
#2
Wendy S Wolfe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150107/pre-sarcopenia-and-bone-mineral-density-in-adults-submitted-to-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#3
Cristiane Pavan Pereira, Denise Johnsson Campos Amaral, Vaneuza Araujo Moreira Funke, Victória Zeghbi Cochenski Borba
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of pre-sarcopenia and bone mineral density after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. METHODS: The study group consisted of over 18-year-old patients who had been submitted to allogeneic transplantation at least one year previously. Patients and healthy controls were matched by sex, ethnic background, age, and body mass index. Body composition and bone mineral density were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry...
October 2017: Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149874/observation-and-assessment-of-the-nutritional-quality-of-out-of-school-foods-popular-with-secondary-school-pupils-at-lunchtime
#4
Fiona Crawford, Dionne Mackison, John D Mooney, Anne Ellaway
BACKGROUND: The contemporary Scottish diet is unhealthy and a risk factor for poor health outcomes including obesity. Over a third of Scottish children are at risk of being overweight or obese, and there have been calls to strengthen the evidence base on the role of the food retail environment around schools in influencing the consumption of unhealthy foods. METHODS: We examined the food retail environment around five secondary schools in Glasgow city, Scotland...
November 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149262/a-food-environments-feedback-system-foodback-for-empowering-citizens-and-change-agents-to-create-healthier-community-food-places
#5
Stefanie Vandevijvere, Rachel Williams, Essa Tawfiq, Boyd Swinburn
This study developed a systems-based approach (called FoodBack) to empower citizens and change agents to create healthier community food places. Formative evaluations were held with citizens and change agents in six diverse New Zealand communities, supplemented by semi-structured interviews with 85 change agents in Auckland and Hamilton in 2015-2016. The emerging system was additionally reviewed by public health experts from diverse organizations. A food environments feedback system was constructed to crowdsource key indicators of the healthiness of diverse community food places (i...
November 14, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149071/sleep-and-dietary-patterns-in-pregnancy-findings-from-the-gusto-cohort
#6
Linde van Lee, Ai-Ru Chia, See Ling Loy, Marjorelee Colega, Elaine K H Tham, Shirong Cai, Fabian Yap, Keith M Godfrey, Oon Hoe Teoh, Daniel Goh, Kok Hian Tan, Yap-Seng Chong, Birit F P Broekman, Mary F F Chong
Evidence on the association between sleep, diet, and eating behaviors in pregnant women is lacking. We examine this in a cohort of apparently healthy pregnant women. At 26-28 weeks gestation, 497 participants completed the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index to assess sleep and a 24-h recall to assess dietary intake. Diet quality was assessed by the Healthy Eating Index for pregnant women in Singapore (HEI-SGP) score and previously derived dietary patterns (vegetables-fruit-rice, seafood-noodles, and pasta-cheese-meat pattern)...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147948/adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-and-subjective-cognitive-function-in-men
#7
Ambika Bhushan, Elinor Fondell, Alberto Ascherio, Changzheng Yuan, Francine Grodstein, Walter Willett
Benefits of a Mediterranean diet for cognition have been suggested, but epidemiologic studies have been relatively small and of limited duration. To prospectively assess the association between long-term adherence to a Mediterranean dietary pattern and self-reported subjective cognitive function (SCF). Prospective observational study. The Health Professionals' Follow-up Study, a prospective cohort of 51,529 men, 40-75 years of age when enrolled in 1986, of whom 27,842 were included in the primary analysis...
November 17, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147455/community-residents-beliefs-about-neighborhood-corner-stores-in-2-latino-communities-implications-for-interventions-to-improve-the-food-environment
#8
Mienah Z Sharif, Stephanie L Albert, Alec M Chan-Golston, Gilberto Lopez, Alice A Kuo, Michael L Prelip, Alexander N Ortega, Deborah C Glik
We assessed community residents' perceptions of corner stores to better understand what facilitates and deters patronage at these food outlets. Data came from 978 household interviews in 2 Latino communities undergoing corner store interventions. Chi-square tests, an independent sample t test, and a multivariate logistic regression were conducted to assess the relationship between residents' perceptions about corner stores and their reported patronage at these food outlets. Residents reported that corner stores do not sell a variety of fruits and vegetables and are not places where one can get information about healthy eating...
2017: Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145890/pharmacokinetic-study-of-single-and-multiple-dosing-with-metolazone-tablets-in-healthy-chinese-population
#9
Xueqing Li, Rutao Wang, Yang Liu, Yun Liu, Heng Zheng, Yabo Feng, Na Zhao, Hongbin Geng, Wanzhi Zhang, Aidong Wen
BACKGROUND: Metolazone is a diuretic, saluretic and antihypertensive chemical compound from the quinazoline category that possesses medicinal features similar to those of other thiazide diuretic drugs. However, the pharmacokinetics of metolazone in the Chinese population has rarely been studied. This study aimed to examine the pharmacokinetic characteristics, safety characteristic, and tolerability of metolazone in healthy Chinese subjects after single and multiple doses taken orally as well as the effects that food and gender have on oral metolazone pharmacokinetic parameters...
November 16, 2017: BMC Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145423/examining-the-relationships-between-body-image-eating-attitudes-bmi-and-physical-activity-in-rural-and-urban-south-african-young-adult-females-using-structural-equation-modeling
#10
Alessandra Prioreschi, Stephanie V Wrottesley, Emmanuel Cohen, Ankita Reddy, Rihlat Said-Mohamed, Rhian Twine, Stephen M Tollman, Kathleen Kahn, David B Dunger, Shane A Norris
The persistence of food insecurity, malnutrition, increasing adiposity, and decreasing physical activity, heightens the need to understand relationships between body image satisfaction, eating attitudes, BMI and physical activity levels in South Africa. Females aged 18-23 years were recruited from rural (n = 509) and urban (n = 510) settings. Body image satisfaction was measured using Stunkard's silhouettes, and the 26-item Eating Attitudes questionnaire (EAT-26) was used to evaluate participants' risk of disordered eating...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144787/lessons-learned-from-a-food-environment-intervention-study-recruitment-and-retention-of-participants-in-disadvantaged-urban-inner-city-neighborhoods
#11
Rachel Engler-Stringer, Joelle Schaefer, Tracy Ridalls, Nazeem Muhajarine
Growing health inequities have led to calls for population health intervention research that can contribute to improving the health of marginalized populations, but conducting research with these communities can be challenging. When research aims to examine and understand an aspect of health in a population characterized as hard-to-reach or marginalized, recruitment techniques appear to have a significant impact on participation and sample retention in longitudinal studies. We examine and comment on the recruitment and retention techniques used in the Good Food, Healthy Families study conducted in low-income, inner-city neighborhoods in a midsized Canadian city; we hope that this will inform recruitment and retention approaches for population health intervention studies in similar populations...
November 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144387/neighborhood-prices-of-healthier-and-unhealthier-foods-and-associations-with-diet-quality-evidence-from-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#12
David M Kern, Amy H Auchnicloss, Mark F Stehr, Ana V Diez Roux, Latetia V Moore, Genevieve P Kanter, Lucy F Robinson
It is known that the price of food influences the purchasing and consumption decisions of individuals; however, little work has examined if the price of healthier food relative to unhealthier food in an individual's neighborhood is associated with overall dietary quality while using data from multiple regions in the United States. Cross-sectional person-level data came from The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (exam 5, 2010-2012 n = 2765); a food frequency questionnaire assessed diet. Supermarket food/beverage prices came from Information Resources Inc...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143803/use-of-novel-high-protein-functional-food-products-as-part-of-a-calorie-restricted-diet-to-reduce-insulin-resistance-and-increase-lean-body-mass-in-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Carol S Johnston, Barry Sears, Mary Perry, Jessica R Knurick
Significant reductions in insulin resistance (IR) can be achieved by either calorie restriction or by the increase of lean mass. However, calorie restriction usually results in significant loss of lean mass. A 6-week randomized controlled feeding trial was conducted to determine if a calorie-restricted, high-protein diet (~125 g protein/day consumed evenly throughout the day) using novel functional foods would be more successful for reducing IR in comparison to a conventional diet (~80 g protein/day) with a similar level of calorie restriction...
October 28, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143716/the-shelf-space-and-strategic-placement-of-healthy-and-discretionary-foods-in-urban-urban-fringe-and-rural-non-metropolitan-australian-supermarkets
#14
Adrian J Cameron
OBJECTIVE: Supermarkets are a key influence on eating behaviours, but it is unknown if the promotion of food within stores varies on a geographic gradient from urban, to urban-fringe and non-metropolitan areas. The present study aimed to assess the shelf space and strategic placement of healthy and discretionary foods in each of urban, urban-fringe and non-metropolitan Australian supermarkets. Design/Setting In-store audits were conducted in stores from one of the two major Australian supermarket chains in urban (n 19), urban-fringe (n 20) and non-metropolitan (n 26) areas of Victoria...
November 16, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143540/association-between-nutrition-resource-stress-and-dietary-consumption-results-from-a-u-s-nationally-representative-survey
#15
Emily Grenen, Erin E Kent, Erin Hennessy, Jada G Hamilton, Rebecca A Ferrer
BACKGROUND: There is little research on how affective reactions (e.g., stress) to perceptions of nutritious food accessibility contribute to dietary behaviors. AIMS: This study explores whether stress associated with limited access to nutritious foods-termed nutrition resource stress (NRS)-contributes to diet outcomes, and whether these associations are mediated by health-related self-efficacy. METHOD: Using data from the cross-sectional National Cancer Institute's Health Information National Trends Survey, analyses were conducted to examine whether reported NRS was associated with specific dietary behaviors (i...
November 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143385/patterns-of-allergic-sensitization-and-atopic-dermatitis-from-1-to-3-years-effects-on-allergic-diseases
#16
C Dharma, D L Lefebvre, M M Tran, W Y W Lou, P Subbarao, A B Becker, P J Mandhane, S E Turvey, M R Sears
BACKGROUND: While allergic sensitization and atopic dermatitis (AD) are known to increase the risk for allergic diseases, the impact of different temporal and clinical patterns of sensitization and AD is less well defined. OBJECTIVE: We investigated patterns of sensitization and AD from early infancy to age 3, and the differential risk for developing allergic diseases within each pattern in a general cohort. METHODS: Children (n=2629) from the Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development (CHILD) Study underwent skin prick tests and were assessed clinically for AD at ages 1 and 3 years...
November 16, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143243/seasonal-variation-and-diet-quality-among-spanish-people-aged-over-55%C3%A2-years
#17
R Aparicio-Ugarriza, C Rumi, R Luzardo-Socorro, J Mielgo-Ayuso, G Palacios, M M Bibiloni, A Julibert, E Argelich, J A Tur, M González-Gross
There is evidence supporting the importance of a healthy diet; however, there are few studies analyzing the seasonal variation of food intake. The present study was aimed to evaluate seasonal variation of food and energy intake in Spanish elderly also to investigate diet quality based on the Healthy Eating Index (HEI) score. From a cross-sectional study, 28 individuals (39% males) aged over 55 years volunteered for a longitudinal follow-up. Dietary assessment was evaluated through 24-h dietary recalls. Energy and nutrient intake were calculated using DIAL software...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142517/is-methylation-analysis-of-sfrp2-tfpi2-ndrg4-and-bmp3-promoters-suitable-for-colorectal-cancer-screening-in-the-korean-population
#18
Soo-Kyung Park, Hae Lim Baek, Junghee Yu, Ji Yeon Kim, Hyo-Joon Yang, Yoon Suk Jung, Kyu Yong Choi, Hungdai Kim, Hyung Ook Kim, Kyung Uk Jeong, Ho-Kyung Chun, Kyungeun Kim, Dong Il Park
Background/Aims: Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening using stool DNA was recently found to yield good detection rates. A multi-target stool DNA test (Cologuard®, Exact Sciences), including methylated genes has been recently approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The aim of this study was to validate these aberrantly methylated genes as stool-based DNA markers for detecting CRC and colorectal advanced adenoma (AA) in the Korean population. Methods: A single-center study was conducted in 36 patients with AA; 35 patients with CRC; and 40 endoscopically diagnosed healthy controls using CRC screening colonoscopy...
October 2017: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142467/non-celiac-gluten-sensitivity-all-wheat-attack-is-not-celiac
#19
REVIEW
Samuel O Igbinedion, Junaid Ansari, Anush Vasikaran, Felicity N Gavins, Paul Jordan, Moheb Boktor, Jonathan S Alexander
Currently, 1% of the United States population holds a diagnosis for celiac disease (CD), however, a more recently recognized and possibly related condition, "non-celiac gluten sensitivity" (NCGS) has been suggested to affect up to 6% of the United States public. While reliable clinical tests for CD exist, diagnosing individuals affected by NCGS is still complicated by the lack of reliable biomarkers and reliance upon a broad set of intestinal and extra intestinal symptoms possibly provoked by gluten. NCGS has been proposed to exhibit an innate immune response activated by gluten and several other wheat proteins...
October 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141967/yogurt-and-cardiometabolic-diseases-a-critical-review-of-potential-mechanisms
#20
REVIEW
Melissa Anne Fernandez, Shirin Panahi, Noémie Daniel, Angelo Tremblay, André Marette
Associations between yogurt intake and risk of diet-related cardiometabolic diseases (CMDs) have been the subject of recent research in epidemiologic nutrition. A healthy dietary pattern has been identified as a pillar for the prevention of weight gain and CMDs. Epidemiologic studies suggest that yogurt consumption is linked to healthy dietary patterns, lifestyles, and reduced risk of CMDs, particularly type 2 diabetes. However, to our knowledge, few to no randomized controlled trials have investigated yogurt intake in relation to cardiometabolic clinical outcomes...
November 2017: Advances in Nutrition
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