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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810969/a-review-of-the-effectiveness-of-a-combat-and-operational-stress-control-restoration-center-in-afghanistan
#1
Jason L Judkins, Devvon L Bradley
BACKGROUND: The management of Combat and Operational Stress Reactions (COSR) within an operational environment is a multidimensional process. The aim is to help prevent behavioral health problems, preserve combat power, and increase return to duty rates for combat stress related casualties. In some COSR cases, enhanced services are required and the Combat and Operational Stress Control (COSC) Clinic refers Service Members (SMs) to the Freedom Restoration Clinic (FRC). The purpose was to describe a deployed restoration center in Afghanistan and examine the long-term effectiveness of those services...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792529/discrepancy-between-self-assessed-hearing-status-and-measured-audiometric-evaluation
#2
So Young Kim, Hyung-Jong Kim, Min-Su Kim, Bumjung Park, Jin-Hwan Kim, Hyo Geun Choi
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the difference between self-reported hearing status and hearing impairment assessed using conventional audiometry. The associated factors were examined when a concordance between self-reported hearing and audiometric measures was lacking. METHODS: In total, 19,642 individuals ≥20 years of age who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys conducted from 2009 through 2012 were enrolled...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732491/job-retention-vocational-rehabilitation-for-employed-people-with-inflammatory-arthritis-work-ia-a-feasibility-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Alison Hammond, Rachel O'Brien, Sarah Woodbridge, Lucy Bradshaw, Yeliz Prior, Kate Radford, June Culley, Diane Whitham, Ruth Pulikottil-Jacob
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory arthritis leads to work disability, absenteeism and presenteeism (i.e. at-work productivity loss) at high cost to individuals, employers and society. A trial of job retention vocational rehabilitation (VR) in the United States identified this helped people keep working. The effectiveness of this VR in countries with different socioeconomic policies and conditions, and its impact on absenteeism, presenteeism and health, are unknown. This feasibility study tested the acceptability of this VR, modified for the United Kingdom, compared to written advice about managing work problems...
July 21, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731073/-effect-of-stress-and-intesity-of-mobile-phone-using-on-the-health-and-subjective-symptoms-in-gsm-workers
#4
Agata Szyjkowska, Elżbieta Gadzicka, Wiesław Szymczak, Alicja Bortkiewicz
BACKGROUND: There are no available data on the health consequences that may result from the synergistic effects of electromagnetic fields (EMF) and stress. Understanding the mechanisms of the simultaneous exposure will make it possible to develop procedures to minimize adverse health effects in professionals using mobile phones. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A questionnaire survey was conducted in 600 randomly selected people to obtain data on their health status and the prevalence of subjective symptoms related to the mobile phones using...
July 26, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728063/factors-associated-with-non-return-to-work-in-the-severely-injured-victims-3-years-after-a-road-accident-a-prospective-study
#5
C Pélissier, E Fort, L Fontana, B Charbotel, M Hours
Road accidents may impact victims' physical and/or mental health and socio-occupational life, particularly the capacity to return to work. The purpose of our study is to assess modifiable medical and socio-occupational factors of non-return to work in the severely injured 3 years after a road accident. Among1,168 road accidents casualties in the Rhône administrative Département of France followed for five years, 141 of the 222 severely injured (Maximal Abbreviated Injury Scale ≥ 3) aged more than 16 years who were in work at the time of the accident, reported whether they had returned to work in the 3 years following the accident...
July 17, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716112/psychosocial-interventions-for-managing-occupational-stress-and-burnout-among-medical-doctors-a-systematic-review
#6
Bonnie A Clough, Sonja March, Raymond J Chan, Leanne M Casey, Rachel Phillips, Michael J Ireland
BACKGROUND: Occupational stress and burnout are highly prevalent among medical doctors and can have adverse effects on patient, doctor, and organisational outcomes. The purpose of the current study was to review and evaluate evidence on psychosocial interventions aimed at reducing occupational stress and burnout among medical doctors. METHOD: A systematic review was conducted for original research articles reporting on psychosocial interventions targeting occupational stress or burnout among medical doctors, published in the English language, and with data collected at a minimum of two time points...
July 17, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699386/organisational-factors-and-occupational-balance-in-working-parents-in-sweden
#7
Madeleine Borgh, Frida Eek, Petra Wagman, Carita Håkansson
BACKGROUND: Parents with small children constitute a vulnerable group as they have an increased risk of sick leave due to stress-related disorders compared to adults without children. It has been shown that mothers and fathers to small children together spend more time in paid work than any other group, which could create negative stress and an experience of low occupational balance. AIM: The aim of this study was to examine associations between organisational factors and occupational balance among parents with small children in Sweden...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652922/the-relationship-between-serum-vitamin-d-levels-and-sleep-quality-in-fixed-day-indoor-field-workers-in-the-electronics-manufacturing-industry-in-korea
#8
Young Saeng Jung, Chang Ho Chae, Young Ouk Kim, Jun Seok Son, Chan Woo Kim, Hyoung Ouk Park, Jun Ho Lee, Young Hoo Shin, Ho Sung Kwak
BACKGROUND: Although recent studies have investigated the influence of vitamin D on sleep patterns, there is a lack of research on the relationship between vitamin D and sleep patterns in Korean workers. This study focused on the relationship between serum vitamin D levels and sleep in fixed day indoor field workers in the electronics manufacturing industry in Korea. METHODS: The 1472 subjects who were included in this study were selected from fixed day workers in the electronics manufacturing industry who had received a worker's special health examination at a hospital in Changwon, South Gyeongsang Province between January 2015 and December 2015...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650513/return-to-work-after-work-related-stress-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-work-focused-cognitive-behavioral-intervention
#9
Vita Ligaya Dalgaard, Kirstin Aschbacher, Johan Hviid Andersen, David John Glasscock, Morten Vejs Willert, Ole Carstensen, Karin Biering
Objectives This study aimed to evaluate the effect of a stress management intervention (SMI) on lasting return to work (RTW) among patients with work-related stress complaints. Methods Sickness benefit departments from three local municipalities referred patients on sick leave with work-related adjustment disorders or mild depression to the Department of Occupational Medicine, Regional Hospital West Jutland. A 2× randomization procedure allocated patients into one of three groups: intervention (N=58), control A (which received a clinical assessment; N=56), or control B (no assessment; N=49)...
June 26, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643172/associations-of-work-stress-supervisor-unfairness-and-supervisor-inability-to-speak-spanish-with-occupational-injury-among-latino-farmworkers
#10
Jessica Miller Clouser, Ashley Bush, Wenqi Gan, Jennifer Swanberg
Little is known about how psychosocial work factors such as work stress, supervisor fairness, and language barriers affect risk of occupational injury among Latino farmworkers. This study attempts to address these questions. Surveys were administered via interviews to 225 Latino thoroughbred farmworkers. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to calculate odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of occupational injury in the past year in relation to occupational characteristics...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641912/a-2-year-holistic-health-and-stress-intervention-results-of-an-rct-in-clergy
#11
Rae Jean Proeschold-Bell, Elizabeth L Turner, Gary G Bennett, Jia Yao, Xiang-Fang Li, David E Eagle, Rachel A Meyer, Redford B Williams, Robin Y Swift, H Edgar Moore, Melanie A Kolkin, Carl C Weisner, Katherine M Rugani, Holly J Hough, Virginia P Williams, David C Toole
INTRODUCTION: This study sought to determine the effect of a 2-year, multicomponent health intervention (Spirited Life) targeting metabolic syndrome and stress simultaneously. DESIGN: An RCT using a three-cohort multiple baseline design was conducted in 2010-2014. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Participants were United Methodist clergy in North Carolina, U.S., in 2010, invited based on occupational status. Of invited 1,745 clergy, 1,114 consented, provided baseline data, and were randomly assigned to immediate intervention (n=395), 1-year waitlist (n=283), or 2-year waitlist (n=436) cohorts for a 48-month trial duration...
June 13, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619081/burnout-among-workers-in-emergency-departments-in-palestinian-hospitals-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#12
Motasem Hamdan, Asma'a Abu Hamra
BACKGROUND: Working in Emergency Departments (EDs) entails high work pressure and stress due to witnessing human suffering and the unpredictable nature of the work. This environment puts personnel at risk of burnout. This analysis aims to assess burnout levels and associated risk factors among health workers in EDs in Palestinian hospitals. Also, it examines the association between burnout and workplace violence, as well as with job turnover. METHODS: Cross-sectional design utilising a self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data from all workers at 14 EDs; 8 from the West Bank and 6 from the Gaza Strip...
June 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573888/interrole-conflict-and-self-efficacy-to-manage-work-and-family-demands-mediate-the-relationships-of-job-and-family-demands-with-stress-in-the-job-and-family-domains
#13
Ewelina Smoktunowicz, Roman Cieslak, Evangelia Demerouti
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study derives from Work-Home Resources model (ten Brummelhuis, L. L., & Bakker, A. B. (2012). A resource perspective on the work-home interface: The work-home resources model. American Psychologist, 67(7), 545-556. doi:10.1037/a0027974) and Social Cognitive Theory (Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ, US: Prentice-Hall, Inc.) to investigate mechanisms responsible for the effect of job and family demands on work- and family-related perceived stress...
June 2, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551478/predictors-of-occupational-stress-and-well-being-in-first-line-nurse-managers-a-cross-sectional-survey-study
#14
Jef Adriaenssens, Ambre Hamelink, Peter Van Bogaert
BACKGROUND: First-line nurse managers have a pivotal role in the organization of health care but have to deal with significant job-related issues and problems in a changing and challenging health care environment. As their new roles are complex and often unclear, it might be expected that these professionals are at risk for occupational stress. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to analyze and describe relationships between job characteristics, and also interdisciplinary conflicts with physicians as potential predictors of occupational well-being (job satisfaction, psychosomatic distress, turnover intention, work engagement and burnout)...
May 12, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535108/the-effects-of-occupational-stress-work-centrality-self-efficacy-and-job-satisfaction-on-intent-to-quit-among-long-term-care-workers-in-korea
#15
Jeongkyu Park, Seokwon Yoon, Sung Seek Moon, Kyoung Hag Lee, Jueun Park
A large and growing population of elderly Koreans with chronic conditions necessitates an increase in long-term care. This study is aimed at investigating the effects of occupational stress, work-centrality, self-efficacy, and job satisfaction on intent to leave among long-term care workers in Korea. We tested the hypothesized structural equation model predicting the intention to quit among long-term care workers in Korea. Survey data were collected from 532 long-term care workers in Seoul, Korea. Results showed that occupational stress was positively associated with intention to leave the job...
May 23, 2017: Home Health Care Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529756/a-socioecological-framework-for-research-on-work-and-obesity-in-diverse-urban-transit-operators-based-on-gender-race-and-ethnicity
#16
REVIEW
BongKyoo Choi, Peter Schnall, Marnie Dobson, Haiou Yang, Dean Baker, YoungJu Seo
Urban transit (bus and rail) operators, totaling nearly 700,000 persons, are one of the heaviest occupational groups in the United States (US). Little is known about occupational risk factors for weight gain and obesity and their interrelationship with health-related behaviors, particularly among female minority (African Americans and Hispanics) transit operators who are at greater risk for obesity. As a step towards developing successful obesity interventions among urban transit operators, this paper aims to present a new socioecological framework for studying working conditions, chronic strain, health-related behaviors, weight gain/obesity, and obesity disparity in diverse urban transit operators based on gender, race, and ethnicity...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494258/stress-related-psychosocial-factors-at-work-fatigue-and-risky-driving-behavior-in-bus-rapid-transport-brt-drivers
#17
Sergio A Useche, Viviola Gómez Ortiz, Boris E Cendales
INTRODUCTION: There is consistent scientific evidence that professional drivers constitute an occupational group that is highly exposed to work related stressors. Furthermore, several recent studies associate work stress and fatigue with unsafe and counterproductive work behaviors. This study examines the association between stress-related work conditions of Bus Rapid Transport (BRT) drivers and risky driving behaviors; and examines whether fatigue is a mechanism that mediates the association between the two...
July 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462668/dove-and-hawk-profiles-in-youth-concussion-rethinking-occupational-performance
#18
Melissa J Paniccia, Nick P Reed
BACKGROUND: Youth concussion and its subsequent recovery have been described as heterogeneous; no one injury is the same, and each youth is different in how he or she recovers. PURPOSE: This paper proposes a theoretical perspective on the management of youth with persistent concussion symptoms. KEY ISSUES: When managing concussion within youth, further consideration of person, occupation, and environment factors may provide insight on (a) the differential spectrum of profiles that exist among youth who have experienced a concussion and (b) how these profiles can support client-centred rehabilitation...
April 2017: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410567/farm-suicides-in-new-zealand-2007-2015-a-review-of-coroners-records
#19
Annette L Beautrais
OBJECTIVE: Economic recessions and severe weather events are often associated with increased suicide rates. The Global Dairy Crisis 2015/2016 led to an economic downturn in the New Zealand dairy farming industry and, coupled with droughts in some regions and floods in others, raised fears about increased suicide rates among farmers. However, little was known about suicides in the farming sector. This study reviews characteristics of recent farm-related suicides in New Zealand and assesses the extent to which financial stresses contributed to the deaths...
April 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408363/wittyfit-live-your-work-differently-study-protocol-for-a-workplace-delivered-health-promotion
#20
Frédéric Dutheil, Martine Duclos, Geraldine Naughton, Samuel Dewavrin, Thomas Cornet, Pascal Huguet, Jean-Claude Chatard, Bruno Pereira
BACKGROUND: Morbidity before retirement has a huge cost, burdening both public health and workplace finances. Multiple factors increase morbidity such as stress at work, sedentary behavior or low physical activity, and poor nutrition practices. Nowadays, the digital world offers infinite opportunities to interact with workers. The WittyFit software was designed to understand holistic issues of workers by promoting individualized behavior changes at the workplace. OBJECTIVE: The shorter term feasibility objective is to demonstrate that effective use of WittyFit will increase well-being and improve health-related behaviors...
April 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
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