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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734226/functional-neuroanatomy-of-emotion-and-its-regulation-in-ptsd
#1
Jacklynn M Fitzgerald, Julia A DiGangi, K Luan Phan
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a devastating disorder, linked to profound mental, physical, occupational, and functional impairment. In addition, it is a highly complex disorder, characterized by symptom heterogeneity across multiple domains. Nevertheless, emotion dysregulation arising from the exaggerated response to threat or from the inability to regulate negative emotional states plays a defining role in the pathophysiology of PTSD. In order to improve our understanding of how emotion dysregulation manifests in this illness, functional neuroimaging research over the past 20 years provides great insight into underlying neuroanatomy of each component of emotion dysregulation in the context of PTSD...
May 2018: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724736/-treading-water-but-drowning-slowly-what-are-gps-experiences-of-living-and-working-with-mental-illness-and-distress-in-england-a-qualitative-study
#2
Ruth Riley, Johanna Spiers, Carolyn A Chew-Graham, Anna K Taylor, Gail A Thornton, Marta Buszewicz
OBJECTIVES: This paper provides an in-depth account of general practitioners' (GPs) experiences of living and working with mental illness and distress, as part of a wider study reporting the barriers and facilitators to help-seeking for mental illness and burn-out, and sources of stress/distress for GP participants. DESIGN: Qualitative study using in-depth interviews with 47 GP participants. The interviews were audio recorded, transcribed, anonymised and imported into NVivo V...
May 3, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716605/integration-of-the-work-related-online-aftercare-intervention-gsa-online-plus-healthy-and-without-stress-at-the-workplace-into-clinical-practice-study-protocol-for-an-implementation-study
#3
Rüdiger Zwerenz, Katja Böhme, Astrid Wirth, Nicole Labitzke, Sergei Pachtchenko, Manfred E Beutel
BACKGROUND: In a previous RCT we established the efficacy of the psychodynamic online aftercare programme 'GSA-Online' ('Health Training Stress Management at the Workplace') for rehabilitants with work-related stress facing return to work after long-term sickness absence. The purpose of this trial is to implement it into routine care. METHODS/DESIGN: The study is performed in rehabilitation clinics with patients of different medical indications (psychosomatic, orthopedic and cardiological diseases)...
May 2, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703004/a-rational-emotive-stress-management-intervention-for-reducing-job-burnout-and-dysfunctional-distress-among-special-education-teachers-an-effect-study
#4
Samuel C Ugwoke, Chiedu Eseadi, Liziana N Onuigbo, Eucharia N Aye, Immaculata N Akaneme, Angie I Oboegbulem, Ifeyinwa O Ezenwaji, Anthonia U Nwobi, Okechukwu O Nwaubani, Bernedeth N Ezegbe, Moses O Ede, Chibueze T Orji, Joseph C Onuoha, Eucharia U Onu, Francisca Okeke, Patricia Agu, Joachim C Omeje, Faith Omeke, Romanus Ugwu, Florence Arumede, Annastasia Eneh
BACKGROUND: Job-related burnout and distress are adverse stress responses which affect individuals in their occupational environment. This study aimed at investigating the effect of a rational-emotive stress management program on job burnout and dysfunctional distress among special education teachers in Nigeria. METHODS: A pretest-posttest randomized control group design was used. The participants in the study were 54 special education teachers. Data were collected using self-report questionnaires...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684315/sleep-disorders-in-patients-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#5
REVIEW
Ali A El-Solh, Usman Riaz, Jasmine Roberts
A growing body of evidence supports a bidirectional relationship between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and sleep disturbances. Fragmented sleep induced by sleep-related breathing disorders, insomnia, and nightmares impacts recovery and treatment outcomes and worsens PTSD symptoms. Despite recent attention, management of these disorders has been unrewarding in the setting of PTSD. This review summarizes the evidence for empirically supported treatments of these sleep ailments as it relates to PTSD including psychotherapeutic and pharmacologic interventions...
April 20, 2018: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674774/-psychiatrist-burnout-or-psychiatric-assistance-burnout
#6
Vincenzo Manna, Francesca Dicuonzo
In recent years, mature industrial countries are rapidly changing from production economies to service economies. In this new socio-economic context, particular attention has been paid to mental health problems in the workplace. The risk of burnout is significantly higher for certain occupations, in particular for health workers. Doctors and psychiatrists, in particular, quite frequently have to make quick decisions by dealing with a huge amount of requests, which often require considerable assumptions of responsibility...
March 2018: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673218/developing-an-extended-model-of-the-relation-between-work-motivation-and-health-as-affected-by-the-work-ability-as-part-of-a-corporate-age-management-approach
#7
Annemarie Feißel, Richard Peter, Enno Swart, Stefanie March
Due to demographic changes, the employee structure in companies is changing dramatically. It will be necessary to offer employees suitable, age-adequate jobs. As one of its foremost goals, optimized business management strategies must create conditions for guaranteeing a person’s health, work ability, and work motivation. In the context of corporate age management concepts, the literature recommends to retain and integrate older employees in the organization. This paper aims at developing an extended model of the relation between work motivation and health as affected by work ability and at deriving a host of measures that enterprises can apply as part of a corporate age management policy to counteract the impact of demographic changes...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671770/association-between-sleep-duration-and-perceived-stress-salaried-worker-in-circumstances-of-high-workload
#8
Dong-Woo Choi, Sung-Youn Chun, Sang Ah Lee, Kyu-Tae Han, Eun-Cheol Park
The aim of this study was to find the association between sleep duration and perceived stress in salaried workers according to occupational categories and which lifestyle factors affected those correlations in South Korea. This study used data from the 2015 Community Health Survey (CHS). The self-reported sleep duration was used as the dependent variable in this study. We explored sleep duration and stress awareness among salaried workers, as well as household income and educational level with multiple logistic regression analysis...
April 19, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669182/secondary-traumatic-stress-and-burnout-among-refugee-resettlement-workers-the-role-of-coping-and-emotional-intelligence
#9
Adeyinka M Akinsulure-Smith, Adriana Espinosa, Tracy Chu, Ryan Hallock
To promote a better understanding of the impact of refugee resettlement work on refugee resettlement workers, this study examined the prevalence rates of deleterious mental health and occupational outcomes, such as secondary traumatic stress and burnout, among a sample of 210 refugee resettlement workers at six refugee resettlement agencies in the United States. The study also explored coping mechanisms used by service providers to manage work-related stress and the influence of such strategies and emotional intelligence on secondary traumatic stress and burnout...
April 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667719/occupational-health-hazards-in-the-interventional-laboratory-time-for-a-safer-environment
#10
Lloyd W Klein, Donald L Miller, Stephen Balter, Warren Laskey, Neil Naito, David Haines, Allan Ross, Matthew A Mauro, James A Goldstein
Over the past 30 years, the advent of fluoroscopically guided interventional procedures has resulted in dramatic increments in both X-ray exposure and physical demands that predispose interventionists to distinct occupational health hazards. The hazards of accumulated radiation exposure have been known for years, but until recently the other potential risks have been ill-defined and under-appreciated. The physical stresses inherent in this career choice appear to be associated with a predilection to orthopedic injuries, attributable in great part to the cumulative adverse effects of bearing the weight and design of personal protective apparel worn to reduce radiation risk and to the poor ergonomic design of interventional suites...
January 4, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649167/assessment-of-indoor-air-quality-problems-in-office-like-environments-role-of-occupational-health-services
#11
REVIEW
Paolo Carrer, Peder Wolkoff
There is an increasing concern about indoor air quality (IAQ) and its impact on health, comfort, and work-performance in office-like environments and their workers, which account for most of the labor force. The Scientific Committee on Indoor Air Quality and Health of the ICOH (Int. Comm. Occup. Health) has discussed the assessment and management of IAQ problems and proposed a stepwise approach to be conducted by a multidisciplinary team. It is recommended to integrate the building assessment, inspection by walk-through of the office workplace, questionnaire survey, and environmental measurements, in that order...
April 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614831/medical-surveillance-continuous-health-promotion-and-a-participatory-intervention-in-a-small-company
#12
Nicola Magnavita
The workplace is an ideal setting for health promotion. The regular medical examination of workers enables us to screen for numerous diseases, spread good practices and correct lifestyles, and obtain a favourable risk/benefit ratio. The continuous monitoring of the level of workers' wellbeing using a holistic approach during medical surveillance enables us to promptly identify problems in work organisation and the company climate. Problems of this kind can be adequately managed by using a participatory approach...
April 2, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599532/-job-satisfaction-vs-occupational-stress-quantitative-analysis-of-3-organizational-units-of-a-public-sector-institution
#13
Anna Rogozińska-Pawełczyk
BACKGROUND: The influence of subjective perception of occupational stress and its individual factors on the overall level of job satisfaction was analyzed. The respondents were also asked to answer the question of the potential differences in terms of variables in managers and non-managers, and in various demographic factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This article presents the results of a study conducted among 5930 people employed in 3 units of the examined public sector institution...
March 30, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558427/the-role-of-work-related-factors-in-the-development-of-psychological-distress-and-associated-mental-disorders-differential-views-of-human-resource-managers-occupational-physicians-primary-care-physicians-and-psychotherapists-in-germany
#14
Florian Junne, Martina Michaelis, Eva Rothermund, Felicitas Stuber, Harald Gündel, Stephan Zipfel, Monika A Rieger
Objectives : This study analyses the perceived relevance of stress-dimensions in work-settings from the differential views of Human Resource Managers (HRM), Occupational Physicians (OP), Primary Care Physicians (PCP) and Psychotherapists (PT) in Germany. Methods : Cross-sectional study design, using a self-report questionnaire. Descriptive measures and explorative bivariate methods were applied for group-comparisons. Results are presented as rankings of perceived importance and as polarity profiles of contrasting views...
March 20, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549200/associations-between-healthcare-worker-participation-in-workplace-wellness-activities-and-job-satisfaction-occupational-stress-and-burnout-a-cross-sectional-study-in-botswana
#15
Jenny H Ledikwe, Nora Joelle Kleinman, Maureen Mpho, Heather Mothibedi, Shreshth Mawandia, Bazghina-Werq Semo, Gabrielle O'Malley
OBJECTIVES: Healthcare workers (HWs) are prone to high levels of stress and burnout, particularly when caring for people with HIV/AIDS. This study assessed whether participation in Botswana's Workplace Wellness Programme (WWP) for HWs was associated with job satisfaction, occupational stress, well-being and burnout. METHODS: Using multistage sampling, a paper-based questionnaire was distributed to 1856 randomly selected HWs at 135 public facilities across Botswana...
March 16, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527683/effectiveness-of-interventions-for-co-residing-family-caregivers-of-people-with-dementia-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Rebecca Abrahams, Karen P Y Liu, Michelle Bissett, Paul Fahey, Karen S L Cheung, Rosalind Bye, Katrina Chaudhary, Leung-Wing Chu
BACKGROUND/AIM: Occupational therapists and health practitioners commonly provide interventions to family caregivers of people with dementia with the aim of relieving burden, depression, and disruptions in health and social support. To date, the effects of multicomponent interventions specifically targeting these four important outcomes has not been established. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of multicomponent interventions on four outcomes for co-residing family caregivers of people with dementia...
March 12, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518714/individual-and-regional-factors-affecting-stress-and-problem-alcohol-use-a-representative-nationwide-study-of-china
#17
Tingzhong Yang, Ross Barnett, Sihui Peng, Lingwei Yu, Chichen Zhang, Weifang Zhang
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to examine the association between individual and environmental stressors and problem alcohol use among Chinese university students. METHODS: Participants were 11,942 students, who were identified through a multistage survey sampling process that included 50 universities. Individual information, including feelings of stress and perceptions of problem alcohol use, was obtained by self report. Urban and regional variables were retrieved from the National Bureau of Statistics database...
March 5, 2018: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509710/what-can-we-learn-about-workplace-heat-stress-management-from-a-safety-regulator-complaints-database
#18
Alana Hansen, Dino Pisaniello, Blesson Varghese, Shelley Rowett, Scott Hanson-Easey, Peng Bi, Monika Nitschke
Heat exposure can be a health hazard for many Australian workers in both outdoor and indoor situations. With many heat-related incidents left unreported, it is often difficult to determine the underlying causal factors. This study aims to provide insights into perceptions of potentially unsafe or uncomfortably hot working conditions that can affect occupational health and safety using information provided by the public and workers to the safety regulator in South Australia (SafeWork SA). Details of complaints regarding heat exposure to the regulator's "Help Centre" were assembled in a dataset and the textual data analysed thematically...
March 6, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505344/distress-and-worry-as-mediators-in-the-relationship-between-psychosocial-risks-and-upper-body-musculoskeletal-complaints-in-highly-automated-manufacturing
#19
Fiona Wixted, Mark Shevlin, Leonard W O'Sullivan
As a result of changes in manufacturing including an upward trend in automation and the advent of the fourth industrial revolution, the requirement for supervisory monitoring and consequently, cognitive demand has increased in automated manufacturing. The incidence of musculoskeletal disorders has also increased in the manufacturing sector. A model was developed based on survey data to test if distress and worry mediate the relationship between psychosocial factors (job control, cognitive demand, social isolation and skill discretion), stress states and symptoms of upper body musculoskeletal disorders in highly automated manufacturing companies (n = 235)...
March 15, 2018: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498990/musculoskeletal-pain-and-interest-in-meditation-and-yoga-in-home-health-aides-evidence-from-the-home-health-occupations-musculoskeletal-examinations-hhome-study
#20
Michelle M Shnayder, Debi Brannan, Lauren A Murphy, Lila S Asfour, Eric M Hecht, David J Lee, Alberto J Caban-Martinez
Home healthcare aides (HHAs) are a growing U.S. workforce highly susceptible to workplace stressors and musculoskeletal pain. In the present study we: 1) examine the association of musculoskeletal pain to life satisfaction and emotional exhaustion; and 2) characterize interest in meditation and yoga in a sample of HHAs. A nonprobabilistic sample of HHAs employed at home healthcare agencies in Florida, Massachusetts, and Oregon (n = 285 total) completed a self-administered questionnaire with standard survey measures on musculoskeletal pain location, duration, and severity; life satisfaction; emotional exhaustion; and interest in meditation techniques and yoga...
March 2018: Home Healthcare Now
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