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occupational stress management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192056/the-psychosocial-challenges-of-caring-for-patients-with-ebola-virus-disease
#1
Matthew W Smith, Philip W Smith, Christopher J Kratochvil, Shelly Schwedhelm
Caring for highly infectious patients in biocontainment units is a new phenomenon, and little is known about the behavioral health of workers in this setting. This is a qualitative study exploring the unique experiences of workers involved in the care of patients with Ebola virus disease (EVD) at Nebraska Medicine during the 2014 Ebola outbreak. Twenty-one in-depth interviews were conducted focused on topics of personal memories, interpersonal experiences, stress response, and patient management. Five themes were identified: (1) positive experiences were emotional while challenges were technical; (2) a significant percentage of workers encountered interpersonal stressors, with 29% of respondents having feelings of isolation, 33% having alterations in home life, and 25% experiencing at least 1 episode of discrimination; (3) physicians and nurses had stressors primarily related to patient care; (4) mental health was an important supportive service, with 45% of respondents using behavioral health counseling; and (5) working in the biocontainment unit during activation was more stressful than everyday work for 60% of respondents...
January 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168801/maternal-stress-during-pregnancy-and-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-of-children-during-the-first-two-years-of-life
#2
Kinga Polanska, Anna Krol, Dorota Merecz-Kot, Joanna Jurewicz, Teresa Makowiec-Dabrowska, Flavia Chiarotti, Gemma Calamandrei, Wojciech Hanke
AIM: A growing body of literature documents associations between maternal stress in pregnancy and child development, but findings across studies are often inconsistent. The aim of this study was to estimate the association between exposure to different kinds of prenatal stress and child psychomotor development. METHODS: The study population consisted of 372 mother-child pairs from Polish Mother and Child Cohort. The analysis was restricted to the women who worked at least 1 month during pregnancy period...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164376/using-individual-condition-measures-to-predict-the-long-term-importance-of-habitat-extent-for-population-persistence
#3
Anita J Cosgrove, Todd J McWhorter, Martine Maron
Habitat loss and fragmentation are causing widespread population declines, but identifying how and when to intervene remains challenging. Predicting where localized extinctions are likely to occur and implementing management actions before losses eventuate may be more cost-effective than trying to re-establish lost populations. Early indicators of pressure on populations could be used to make such predictions. In 2009/2010, the presence of Eastern Yellow Robins (Eopsaltria australis) within 42 sites in a fragmented region of eastern Australia was found to be unrelated to woodland extent within 500 m of a site, but the robins' heterophil:lymphocyte ratios (an indicator of chronic stress) were elevated in less-wooded sites...
February 6, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150995/managing-employee-stress-and-wellness-in-the-new-millennium
#4
Katherine M Richardson
It has been almost a decade since Journal of Occupational Health Psychology published back-to-back meta-analyses on occupational stress management interventions (Richardson & Rothstein, 2008) and organizational wellness programs (Parks & Steelman, 2008). These studies cited the need for systematic reviews given the growing body of literature in the field and the proliferation of stress management interventions and mental health wellness programs, which have traditionally been viewed as two distinct initiatives...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150993/a-longitudinal-study-of-teachers-occupational-well-being-applying-the-job-demands-resources-model
#5
Theresa Dicke, Ferdinand Stebner, Christina Linninger, Mareike Kunter, Detlev Leutner
The job demands-resources model (JD-R model; Bakker & Demerouti, 2014) is well established in occupational research, and the proposed processes it posits have been replicated numerous times. Thus, the JD-R model provides an excellent framework for explaining the occupational well-being of beginning teachers-an occupation associated with particularly high levels of strain and consequently, high attrition rates. However, the model's assumptions have to date mostly been tested piecewise, and seldom on the basis of longitudinal models...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143547/the-effect-of-an-organizational-level-participatory-intervention-in-secondary-vocational-education-on-work-related-health-outcomes-results-of-a-controlled-trial
#6
Roosmarijn M C Schelvis, Noortje M Wiezer, Allard J van der Beek, Jos W R Twisk, Ernst T Bohlmeijer, Karen M Oude Hengel
BACKGROUND: Work-related stress is highly prevalent in the educational sector. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an organizational level, participatory intervention on need for recovery and vitality in educational workers. It was hypothesized that the intervention would decrease need for recovery and increase vitality. METHODS: A quasi-experiment was conducted at two secondary Vocational Education and Training schools (N = 356) with 12- and 24-months follow-up measurements...
January 31, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091432/depression-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-among-road-traffic-accident-victims-managed-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-southern-nigeria
#7
J E Asuquo, B E Edet, I E Abang, E A Essien, O G Osakwe, E J Aigbomain, K C Chigbundu
BACKGROUND: Psychological responses to traumatic events vary widely across different cultures but studies in the developing countries are scant. The objective of this study is to determine prevalence of depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among patients involved in road traffic accident (RTA) compared with that of the general population using a matched control group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study design was case control and employed the convenient sampling technique...
February 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057875/perceived-challenges-of-working-in-a-fertility-clinic-a-qualitative-analysis-of-work-stressors-and-difficulties-working-with-patients
#8
Jacky Boivin, Laura Bunting, Emily Koert, Chin Ieng U, Christianne Verhaak
STUDY QUESTION: What are some of the challenges of working in a fertility clinic? SUMMARY ANSWER: The most frequently mentioned challenges were workload (e.g. high time pressure) and patient-related sources (e.g. unrealistic expectations). WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: One study showed a too high workload, worry about handling human material and low success rates were main stressors in fertility clinics. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: An online open-ended survey inviting participants to respond to seven questions was distributed to 5902 members of the European Society for Human Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE, October 2010)...
January 5, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043244/-occupational-stress-in-assembly-line-workers-in-electronics-manufacturing-service-and-related-influencing-factors
#9
Y Q Ji, S Li, C Wang, J Wang, X M Liu
Objective: To investigate occupational stress in assembly line workers in electronics manu-facturing service (EMS) and related influencing factors. Methods: From June to October, 2015, a cross-sectional survey was performed for 5 944 assembly line workers in EMS (observation group) and 6 270 workers from other posts (non-assembly line workers and management personnel; control group) using the self-made questionnaire for basic information, job demand-control (JDC) model questionnaire, and effort-reward imbalance (ERI) model questionnaire to collect respondents' basic information and occupational stress...
October 20, 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043242/-occupational-stress-and-early-health-effects-in-migrant-workers-in-an-electronics-manufacturing-service-enterprise
#10
X M Liu, S Li, Q Y Zhang, C Wang, Y Q Ji, J Wang, J Shi
Objective: To investigate occupational stress in migrant workers in an electronics manufacturing service enterprise and the association between occupational stress and early health effects, such as job burnout, depressive tendency, and insomnia. Methods: In August 2015, stratified random cluster sampling was used to select 1 097 migrant workers in an electronics manufacturing service enterprise. The Job Demand-Autonomy Questionnaire and effort-reward imbalance questionnaire were used to investigate occupational stress with the types of high workload and effort-reward imbalance, and Burnout Inventory, depression scale, and self-management sleep questionnaire were used to investigate the early health effects of occupational stress...
October 20, 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027041/effectiveness-of-occupational-therapy-interventions-for-adults-with-fibromyalgia-a-systematic-review
#11
Janet L Poole, Patricia Siegel
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review addresses the effectiveness of occupational therapy-related interventions for adults with fibromyalgia. METHOD: We examined the literature published between January 2000 and June 2014. A total of 322 abstracts from five databases were reviewed. Forty-two Level I studies met the inclusion criteria. Studies were evaluated primarily with regard to the following outcomes: daily activities, pain, depressive symptoms, fatigue, and sleep...
January 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005082/miners-return-to-work-following-injuries-in-coal-mines
#12
Ashis Bhattacherjee, Bijay Mihir Kunar
BACKGROUND: The occupational injuries in mines are common and result in severe socio-economical consequences. Earlier studies have revealed the role of multiple factors such as demographic factors, behavioral factors, health-related factors, working environment, and working conditions for mine injuries. However, there is a dearth of information about the role of some of these factors in delayed return to work (RTW) following a miner's injury. These factors may likely include personal characteristics of injured persons and his or her family, the injured person's social and economic status, and job characteristics...
December 22, 2016: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969025/reducing-nurses-stress-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-web-based-stress-management-program-for-nurses
#13
Rebekah K Hersch, Royer F Cook, Diane K Deitz, Seth Kaplan, Daniel Hughes, Mary Ann Friesen, Maria Vezina
BACKGROUND: Nursing is a notoriously high-stress occupation - emotionally taxing and physically draining, with a high incidence of burnout. In addition to the damaging effects of stress on nurses' health and well being, stress is also a major contributor to attrition and widespread shortages in the nursing profession. Although there exist promising in-person interventions for addressing the problem of stress among nurses, the experience of our group across multiple projects in hospitals has indicated that the schedules and workloads of nurses can pose problems for implementing in-person interventions, and that web-based interventions might be ideally suited to addressing the high levels of stress among nurses...
November 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939200/newly-graduated-nurses-intention-to-leave-in-their-first-year-of-practice-in-shanghai-a-longitudinal-study
#14
Yuanyuan Zhang, Juemin Wu, Zhiyin Fang, Yaqing Zhang, Frances Kam Yuet Wong
BACKGROUND: During the transition, newly graduated nurses undergo complex challenges, which exacerbate their intention to leave. PURPOSE: To examine the longitudinal change of intention to leave and identify the potential factors of intention to leave in the first year. METHODS: A total of 343 newly graduated nurses were included in this longitudinal study. Nurses were surveyed to explore their intention to leave, occupational stress, coping style, professional identity, and locus of control...
November 5, 2016: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924689/hymenoptera-venom-allergy-in-outdoor-workers-occupational-exposure-clinical-features-and-effects-of-allergen-immunotherapy
#15
Alessandra Toletone, Susanna Voltolini, Giovanni Passalacqua, Guglielmo Dini, Donatella Bignardi, Paola Minale, Emanuela Massa, Alessio Signori, Costantino Troise, Paolo Durando
OBJECTIVES: To describe (i) the clinical characteristics of workers, exposed to hymenoptera stings, with an ascertained diagnosis of Hymenoptera Venom Allergy (HVA), (ii) the specific role of occupational exposure, (iii) the effect of Venom Immunotherapy (VIT) in reducing the severity of allergic episodes in workers exposed to repeated stings of hymenoptera, and (iv) the management of the occupational consequences caused by allergic reactions due to hymenoptera stings. METHODS: Between 2000 and 2013 an observational study, including patients referred to the regional reference hospital of Liguria, Italy, with an ascertained diagnosis of HVA and treated with VIT, was carried out...
December 7, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905904/evaluating-the-implementation-process-of-a-participatory-organizational-level-occupational-health-intervention-in-schools
#16
Roosmarijn M C Schelvis, Noortje M Wiezer, Birgitte M Blatter, Joost A G M van Genabeek, Karen M Oude Hengel, Ernst T Bohlmeijer, Allard J van der Beek
BACKGROUND: The importance of process evaluations in examining how and why interventions are (un) successful is increasingly recognized. Process evaluations mainly studied the implementation process and the quality of the implementation (fidelity). However, in adopting this approach for participatory organizational level occupational health interventions, important aspects such as context and participants perceptions are missing. Our objective was to systematically describe the implementation process of a participatory organizational level occupational health intervention aimed at reducing work stress and increasing vitality in two schools by applying a framework that covers aspects of the intervention and its implementation as well as the context and participants perceptions...
December 1, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903012/-shift-work-among-men-and-women-on-the-threshold-to-higher-working-age-working-conditions-and-health-status
#17
C Leser, A Tisch, S Tophoven
Background: The number of older employees in shift and night work has increased significantly in recent years. Furthermore, the proportion of women in shift and night work has increased markedly. This is due to the aging workforce and the expansion of shift work in the tertiary sector. Previous research shows that shift work is often associated with health risks. Against this background, the aim of the present study is to examine the situation of working men and women on the threshold to higher working age with regard to the relationship between shift work and physical health...
November 2016: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891358/the-effect-of-stress-management-training-through-precede-proceed-model-on-occupational-stress-among-nurses-and-midwives-at-iran-hospital-iranshahr
#18
Mahnaz Didehvar, Iraj Zareban, Zahra Jalili, Nour-Mohammad Bakhshani, Mahnaz Shahrakipoor, Abbas Balouchi
INTRODUCTION: Occupational stress is a major factor in hindering the performance of nurses and midwives and developing physical and mental complications in them. Given that these two groups are in direct contact with patients more than other medical staff and stress management training can be effective in the reduction of occupational stress among the nurses and midwives. AIM: This study was set out to compare the effect of a PRECEDE-PROCEED based stress management training program on the occupational stress of the nurses and midwives...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881965/fundamental-role-of-methylenetetrahydrofolate-reductase-677-c%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-t-genotype-and-flavin-compounds-in-biochemical-phenotypes-for-schizophrenia-and-schizoaffective-psychosis
#19
Stephanie Fryar-Williams
The Mental Health Biomarker Project (2010-2016) explored variables for psychosis in schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder. Blood samples from 67, highly characterized symptomatic cases and 67 gender and age matched control participants were analyzed for methyl tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) 677C → T gene variants and for vitamin B6, B12 and D, folate, unbound copper, zinc cofactors for enzymes in the methylation cycle, and related catecholamine pathways. Urine samples were analyzed for indole-catecholamines, their metabolites, and oxidative-stress marker, hydroxylpyrolline-2-one (HPL)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881668/restoration-of-thermoregulation-after-exercise
#20
Glen P Kenny, Ryan McGinn
Performing exercise, especially in the hot conditions, can heat the body causing significant increases in internal body temperature. To offset this increase, powerful and highly developed autonomic thermoregulatory responses (i.e., skin blood flow and sweating) are activated to enhance whole-body heat loss; a response mediated by temperature sensitive receptors in both the skin and the internal core regions of the body. Independent of thermal control of heat loss, nonthermal factors can have profound consequences on the body's ability to dissipate heat during exercise...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Applied Physiology
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