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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730130/nutritional-counseling-for-obese-children-with-obesity-related-metabolic-abnormalities-in-korea
#1
REVIEW
Ki Soo Kang
Child obesity has become a significant health issue in Korea. Prevalence of obesity in school-age children in Korea has been alarmingly rising since 2008. Prevalence of obesity among infants and preschool-age children in Korea has doubled since 2008. Obese children may develop serious health complications. Before nutritional counseling is pursued, several points should be initially considered. The points are modifiable risk factors, assessment for child obesity, and principles of treatment. Motivational interviewing and a multidisciplinary team approach are key principles to consider in managing child obesity effectively in the short-term as well as long-term...
June 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729164/antenatal-antipsychotic-exposure-induces-multigenerational-and-gender-specific-programming-of-adiposity-and-glucose-tolerance-in-adult-mouse-offspring
#2
E Courty, P Gobalakichenane, M Garcia, A Muscat, C Kazakian, T Ledent, M Moldes, B Blondeau, D Mitanchez, M Buyse, B Fève
Second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) are well known for their metabolic side effects in humans, including obesity and diabetes. These compounds are maintained during pregnancy to prevent the relapse of psychoses, but they readily diffuse across the placenta to the fetus, as documented with the widely-prescribed drug olanzapine (OLZ). However, observational studies have provided conflicting results on the potential impact of SGAs on fetal growth and body weight, and their effects on metabolic regulation in the offspring...
July 17, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729012/evidence-that-children-born-at-early-term-37-38-6-7-weeks-are-at-increased-risk-for-diabetes-and-obesity-related-disorders
#3
Dorit Paz Levy, Eyal Sheiner, Tamar Wainstock, Ruslan Sergienko, Daniella Landau, Asnat Walfisch
BACKGROUND: Prematurity is known to be associated with high rates of endocrine and metabolic complications in the offspring. Early term (37 0/7-38 6/7 weeks' gestation) born offspring were also shown to exhibit long term morbidity resembling that of late preterm, in several health categories. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine whether early term delivery impacts on the long-term endocrine and metabolic health of the offspring. STUDY DESIGN: A population-based cohort analysis was performed, including all term singleton deliveries occurring during 1991-2013 at a single regional tertiary medical center...
July 17, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728765/sense-of-coherence-and-parenting-representation-among-parents-of-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#4
Alon Goldberg, Miri Scharf, Hadas Wiseman
INTRODUCTION: This study examines the association between parental sense of coherence (SOC) and maternal and paternal representations of parents of adolescents diagnosed with type 1 diabetes (IDDM). METHOD: Seventy five mothers and fathers of adolescents (age 13-18) diagnosed with IDDM, were recruited. Data were gathered from a demographic and SOC questionnaires, and the Parenting Representations Interview (PRI-A). RESULTS: A significant association was found between mothers' and fathers' SOC and a more balanced description of parenting, and positive correlations between mothers' and fathers' SOC and their representations of the self as parent, representations of the adolescent, and relationships representations...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728448/pregnancy-and-child-health-outcomes-in-pediatric-and-young-adult-leukemia-and-lymphoma-survivors-a-systematic-review
#5
Ksenya Shliakhtsitsava, Sally A D Romero, Samantha Rose Dewald, H Irene Su
As long-term survival is high for children and young adults diagnosed with leukemia and lymphoma, delineating maternal, fetal and offspring health risks is important to their family planning. This systematic review examined data comparing these health risks between leukemia and lymphoma survivors and women without a history of cancer. Following a search of Embase, PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane, and Web of Science, 142 articles were screened and 18 were included in this review. No higher risks of spontaneous abortion, maternal diabetes and anemia, stillbirth, birth defects, or childhood cancer in offspring were observed in survivors compared to controls...
July 21, 2017: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728179/erratum-for-retinal-ganglion-cell-loss-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-without-diabetic-retinopathy
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727196/insulin-regimens-for-newly-diagnosed-children-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-in-australia-and-new-zealand-a-survey-of-current-practice
#7
Dharrshinee Selvakumar, Hesham S Al-Sallami, Martin de Bock, Geoffrey R Ambler, Paul Benitez-Aguirre, Esko Wiltshire, Elaine Tham, Peter Simm, Louise S Conwell, Phillipa J Carter, Benjamin B Albert, Jinny Willis, Benjamin J Wheeler
AIM: There is no consensus on the optimal insulin treatment for children newly diagnosed with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). The aims of this study were (i) to describe the insulin regimens used at diagnosis by patient age and geographical region and (ii) to explore differences between and within Australia (AU) and New Zealand (NZ) with regards to other aspects of patient management and education. METHODS: An online survey of medical professionals caring for children with T1DM in AU and NZ was undertaken...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726299/managing-diabetes-in-preschool-children
#8
Frida Sundberg, Katharine Barnard, Allison Cato, Carine de Beaufort, Linda A DiMeglio, Greg Dooley, Tamara Hershey, Jeff Hitchcock, Vandana Jain, Jill Weissberg-Benchell, Birgit Rami-Merhar, Carmel E Smart, Ragnar Hanas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 20, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724431/biological-embedding-of-childhood-adversity-from-physiological-mechanisms-to-clinical-implications
#9
REVIEW
Anne E Berens, Sarah K G Jensen, Charles A Nelson
BACKGROUND: Adverse psychosocial exposures in early life, namely experiences such as child maltreatment, caregiver stress or depression, and domestic or community violence, have been associated in epidemiological studies with increased lifetime risk of adverse outcomes, including diabetes, heart disease, cancers, and psychiatric illnesses. Additional work has shed light on the potential molecular mechanisms by which early adversity becomes "biologically embedded" in altered physiology across body systems...
July 20, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722566/molecular-epidemiology-of-staphylococcus-aureus-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections-in-the-lao-people-s-democratic-republic
#10
Alicia D Yeap, Kate Woods, David A B Dance, Bruno Pichon, Sayaphet Rattanavong, Viengmon Davong, Rattanaphone Phetsouvanh, Paul N Newton, Nandini Shetty, Angela M Kearns
This is the first report of the molecular epidemiology of Staphylococcus aureus from skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI) in Laos. We selected a random sample of 96 S. aureus SSTI isolates received by the Microbiology Laboratory, Mahosot Hospital, Vientiane, between July 2012 and June 2014, including representation from seven referral hospitals. Isolates underwent susceptibility testing by Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute methods, spa typing and DNA microarray analysis, with whole genome sequencing for rare lineages...
May 30, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721598/a-retrospective-review-of-34-cases-of-pediatric-pituitary-adenoma
#11
Nannan Zhang, Peizhi Zhou, Yu Meng, Feng Ye, Shu Jiang
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to study invasiveness, tumor features and clinical symptoms of pediatric pituitary adenoma, and to discuss some inconclusive results in prior studies. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 34 cases of children (<20 year-old) who were pathologically diagnosed with pituitary adenoma and surgically treated from 2010 to 2017. Data of general information, clinical symptoms, invasive behaviors, surgery approaches, and tumor features were collected and analyzed...
July 18, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718192/cardiometabolic-risks-vary-by-weight-status-in-pediatric-kidney-and-liver-transplant-recipients-a-cross-sectional-single-center-study-in-the-usa
#12
S He, N A Le, J K Frediani, P D Winterberg, R Jin, R Liverman, A Hernandez, R L Cleeton, M B Vos
There is an increasing need to understand long-term metabolic changes and resultant comorbidities because life expectancy is increasing after pediatric kidney and liver transplants. We evaluated differences in classic and novel cardiometabolic biomarkers among obese and normal weight adolescent transplant recipients. We enrolled a total of 80 adolescent (mean±SD, 14.8 years ±3.0) transplant recipients (63 kidney, 17 liver) with mean duration from transplantation of 6.0 (±4.1) years. Among kidney transplant recipients, overweight and obese individuals had higher leptin (16...
July 17, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715810/population-pharmacokinetics-of-diazoxide-in-children-with-hyperinsulinemic-hypoglycemia
#13
Rika Kizu, Kazuko Nishimura, Reiko Sato, Kenjiro Kosaki, Toshiaki Tanaka, Yusuke Tanigawara, Tomonobu Hasegawa
BACKGROUND: Diazoxide is the first-line treatment for pediatric hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia (HI). This study aimed to elucidate the pharmacokinetics of diazoxide in children with HI. METHODS: We obtained 81 blood samples from 22 children with HI. Measured serum diazoxide concentrations were used for population pharmacokinetic analysis. Patient factors influencing pharmacokinetics were estimated using nonlinear mixed-effects model analysis. Relationships between drug exposure and adverse drug reactions were also investigated...
July 14, 2017: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715785/prenatal-exposure-estimation-of-bpa-and-dehp-using-integrated-external-and-internal-dosimetry-a-case-study
#14
M A Martínez, J Rovira, R Prasad Sharma, M Nadal, M Schuhmacher, V Kumar
Prenatal exposure to Endocrine disruptors (EDs), such as Bisphenol A (BPA) and di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), has been associated with obesity and diabetes diseases in childhood, as well as reproductive, behavioral and neurodevelopment problems. The aim of this study was to estimate the prenatal exposure to BPA and DEHP through food consumption for pregnant women living in Tarragona County (Spain). Probabilistic calculations of prenatal exposure were estimated by integrated external and internal dosimetry modelling, physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model, using a Monte-Carlo simulation...
July 14, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711513/the-effectiveness-of-cognitive-function-stress-management-training-in-glycemic-control-in-children-and-in-mental-health-of-mother-caring-for-child-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#15
Mozhdeh Saghaei, Pouya Omidi, Elham Hashemi Dehkordi, Parvin Safavi
AIM: The study was aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a training course of cognitive-behavioral stress management in glycaemia regulation in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus as well as in mental health status of their mothers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty children with type 1 diabetes mellitus and their mothers were selected and randomly assigned into two groups. A group of mothers (n=25; as experimental one besides their children) passed a course, eight 2-h sessions, on the cognitive-behavioral and stress management, and the control group received the usual care...
July 3, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711069/preterm-birth-and-its-impact-on-renal-health
#16
Valerie A Luyckx
Preterm birth occurs in approximately 10% of all births worldwide. Preterm infants have reduced nephron numbers at birth in proportion to gestational age, and are at increased risk of neonatal acute kidney injury as well as higher blood pressure, proteinuria, and chronic kidney disease later in life. Rapid catch-up growth in preterm infants, especially if resulting in obesity, is a risk factor for end-stage kidney disease among children with proteinuric renal disease. Preterm birth, however, is a risk factor not only for the infant because mothers who deliver preterm have an increased risk of having subsequent preterm deliveries as well as hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and renal disease later in life...
July 2017: Seminars in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708433/physical-health-outcomes-in-preschoolers-with-prior-authorization-for-antipsychotics
#17
Yu-Jung Wei, Xinyue Liu, Nikhil Rao, Marie McPherson, Mary Beth Jones, Regina Bussing, Almut G Winterstein
OBJECTIVE: To examine incidence of adverse health outcomes and associated factors among preschoolers (under age 6) who received antipsychotic treatment through the Florida Medicaid Prior Authorization (PA) program. METHODS: Using Florida's PA registry linked to the state's Medicaid claims data, we ascertained incident outcomes during PA-approved antipsychotic use between April 2008 and September 2015 (7.5 years). Six outcomes associated with use of antipsychotics included: diabetes, obesity, hyperlipidemia, hyperprolactinemia, cardiovascular disease (CVD) (including hypertension, ventricular arrhythmia, and other CVDs), and extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS) (including dystonia, akathisia, parkinsonism, and tardive dyskinesia)...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707511/maternal-fertility-problems-and-risk-for-transient-neonatal-diabetes-mellitus
#18
Marie Hargreave, Susanne Krüger Kjaer, Marit Eika Jørgensen, Allan Jensen
AIMS: The study of imprinting disorders in the context of infertility and its treatment is important, as studies have indicated an increased risk. In this study, we evaluated the risk of transient neonatal diabetes mellitus (TNDM), defined here as diabetes mellitus presenting within the first six weeks of life, in children born to women with fertility problems. METHODS: This nationwide register-based cohort study comprised all 2,107,837 children born in Denmark between 1977 and 2010...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706084/rationale-and-protocol-for-the-after-diabetes-diagnosis-research-support-system-address-an-incident-and-high-risk-type-1-diabetes-uk-cohort-study
#19
Helen C Walkey, Akaal Kaur, Vassiliki Bravis, Ian F Godsland, Shivani Misra, Alistair J K Williams, Polly J Bingley, David B Dunger, Nick Oliver, Desmond G Johnston
INTRODUCTION: Type 1 diabetes is heterogeneous in its presentation and progression. Variations in clinical presentation between children and adults, and with ethnic group warrant further study in the UK to improve understanding of this heterogeneity. Early interventions to limit beta cell damage in type 1 diabetes are undergoing evaluation, but recruitment is challenging. The protocol presented describes recruitment of people with clinician-assigned, new-onset type 1 diabetes to understand the variation in their manner of clinical presentation, to facilitate recruitment into intervention studies and to create an open-access resource of data and biological samples for future type 1 diabetes research...
July 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705603/ischemic-heart-disease-in-children-and-young-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease-in-sweden
#20
Maria Fedchenko, Zacharias Mandalenakis, Annika Rosengren, Georg Lappas, Peter Eriksson, Kristofer Skoglund, Mikael Dellborg
BACKGROUND: An increasing proportion of congenital heart disease (CoHD) patients survive to an age associated with increased risk of developing ischemic heart disease (IHD). The aim was to investigate the risk of developing IHD among children and young adults with CoHD. METHODS: Using the Swedish National Patient Register, we created a cohort of all CoHD patients born between January 1970 and December 1993. Ten controls matched for age, sex, county were randomly selected from the general population for each patient (n=219,816)...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
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