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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049584/association-of-insulin-pump-therapy-vs-insulin-injection-therapy-with-severe-hypoglycemia-ketoacidosis-and-glycemic-control-among-children-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-type-1-diabetes
#1
Beate Karges, Anke Schwandt, Bettina Heidtmann, Olga Kordonouri, Elisabeth Binder, Ulrike Schierloh, Claudia Boettcher, Thomas Kapellen, Joachim Rosenbauer, Reinhard W Holl
Importance: Insulin pump therapy may improve metabolic control in young patients with type 1 diabetes, but the association with short-term diabetes complications is unclear. Objective: To determine whether rates of severe hypoglycemia and diabetic ketoacidosis are lower with insulin pump therapy compared with insulin injection therapy in children, adolescents, and young adults with type 1 diabetes. Design, Setting, and Participants: Population-based cohort study conducted between January 2011 and December 2015 in 446 diabetes centers participating in the Diabetes Prospective Follow-up Initiative in Germany, Austria, and Luxembourg...
October 10, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049309/validation-of-surrogate-markers-for-metabolic-syndrome-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factor-clustering-in-children-and-adolescents-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#2
Ji-Young Seo, Jae Hyun Kim
Prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in children is increasing and identifying the risk factors for MetS during childhood is an important first step to prevent chronic diseases later in life. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of MetS and cardiometabolic risk factor (CMRF) clustering among Korean children and adolescents and to validate the associated anthropometric and laboratory surrogate markers. We used data from the 2011-2014 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048747/association-between-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-exposure-and-childhood-adiposity-is-not-substantially-explained-by-offspring-genetic-risk-of-obesity
#3
S Raghavan, W Zhang, I V Yang, L A Lange, E M Lange, T E Fingerlin, D Dabelea
AIM: To examine the extent to which offspring obesity-associated genetic risk explains the association between gestational diabetes mellitus and childhood adiposity. METHODS: We studied 282 children aged 7-12 years who were enrolled in the Exploring Perinatal Outcomes in Children Study. A genetic risk score for BMI was calculated as the count of 91 established BMI-raising risk alleles. Multivariable linear and logistic regression models were used to estimate associations between the offspring genetic risk score and exposure to gestational diabetes and childhood adiposity (BMI and waist circumference), adjusting for clinical and demographic covariates...
October 19, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046229/fetal-overnutrition-and-adolescent-hepatic-fat-fraction-the-exploring-perinatal-outcomes-in-children-study
#4
Anna Bellatorre, Ann Scherzinger, Elizabeth Stamm, Mercedes Martinez, Brandy Ringham, Dana Dabelea
OBJECTIVE: To determine if fetal overnutrition resulting from maternal obesity or gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with increased liver fat during adolescence, adjusting for past and current metabolic risk factors. STUDY DESIGN: Data come from a historical prospective cohort study (Exploring Perinatal Outcomes in Children) of 254 mother-child pairs in Colorado who participated in 2 research visits at T1 (mean age 10.4, SD = 1.5 years) and at T2 (mean age 16...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046202/-an-investigation-of-ketoacidosis-in-children-with-newly-diagnosed-type-1-diabetes
#5
Na Tao, Ai-Ping Wang, Mei-Yuan Sun, Hong-Hong Zhang, Yue-Qi Chen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) in children with newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 224 children with newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes, and according to the presence or absence of DKA, these children were divided into DKA group and non-DKA group, with 112 children in each group. The DKA group was further divided into ≥5-year group (65 children) and <5-year group (47 children), and according to the blood gas parameters, this group was divided into mild group (26 children), moderate group (29 children), and severe group (57 children)...
October 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044779/exocrine-pancreas-function-decreases-during-the-progression-of-the-beta-cell-damaging-process-in-young-prediabetic-children
#6
Anita Kondrashova, Noora Nurminen, Jussi Lehtonen, Marja Hyöty, Jorma Toppari, Jorma Ilonen, Riitta Veijola, Mikael Knip, Heikki Hyöty
OBJECTIVE: The function of the exocrine pancreas is decreased in patients with type 1 diabetes but it is not known when this defect develops. The current study set out to determine whether the reduced exocrine function becomes manifest after the initiation of islet autoimmunity. METHODS: The study was nested in the prospective Type 1 Diabetes Prediction and Prevention study where children with human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-conferred susceptibility are observed from birth...
October 17, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040598/effect-of-metformin-on-vascular-function-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-a-12-month-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Jemma J A Anderson, Jennifer J Couper, Lynne C Giles, Catherine E Leggett, Roger Gent, Brian Coppin, Alexia S Peña
Context: Children with type 1 diabetes have vascular dysfunction preceding atherosclerosis. Early interventions are needed to reduce cardiovascular disease. Objective: To evaluate the effect of metformin on vascular function in type 1 diabetes children. Design: 12 month double blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Setting: Tertiary pediatric diabetes clinic. Participants: 90 type 1 diabetes children(8-18 years), above 50th percentile body mass index (BMI)...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038894/the-supraorbital-eyebrow-approach-for-removal-of-craniopharyngioma-in-children-a-case-series
#8
Ricardo Santos de Oliveira, Dinark Conceição Viana, Lucas Pires Augusto, Marcelo Volpon Santos, Hélio Rubens Machado
OBJECTIVE: Craniopharyngiomas can be a surgical challenge for the pediatric neurosurgeon. Ideally, total removal must be achieved. However, the need to reduce surgical morbidity and preserve quality of life has led to a number of neurosurgical approaches in order to attain this goal. The aim of this article is to present an alternative surgical approach to these lesions and to provide the rationale for this technique. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Medical charts and operative records of eight pediatric patients harboring craniopharyngiomas who underwent surgical treatment using a supraorbital eyebrow approach (SOA) were reviewed from 2014 to 2016...
October 16, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037538/glucose-trajectories-in-cystic-fibrosis-and-their-association-with-pulmonary-function
#9
Quitterie Reynaud, Muriel Rabilloud, Sylvain Roche, Stéphanie Poupon-Bourdy, Jean Iwaz, Raphaële Nove-Josserand, Emilie Blond, Martine Laville, Cathy Llerena, Sébastien Quetant, Philippe Reix, Sandrine Touzet, Isabelle Durieu
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of cystic fibrosis-related diabetes is increasing. This condition is potentially responsible for respiratory decline. METHODS: At inclusion, then yearly (over three years), 111 children and 117 adults with cystic fibrosis had oral glucose tolerance and insulin tests at one (G1) and 2h (G2). KmL analysis identified homogeneous G1 and G2 glucose trajectories. A linear mixed model quantified the relationships between trajectories and FEV1 changes...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis: Official Journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036936/barriers-and-facilitators-for-health-behavior-change-among-adults-from-multi-problem-households-a-qualitative-study
#10
Gera E Nagelhout, Lette Hogeling, Renate Spruijt, Nathalie Postma, Hein de Vries
Multi-problem households are households with problems on more than one of the following core problem areas: socio-economic problems, psycho-social problems, and problems related to child care. The aim of this study was to examine barriers and facilitators for health behavior change among adults from multi-problem households, as well as to identify ideas for a health promotion program. A qualitative study involving 25 semi-structured interviews was conducted among Dutch adults who received intensive family home care for multi-problem households...
October 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035316/non-traditional-risk-factors-of-albuminuria-in-the-pediatric-population-a-scoping-review
#11
REVIEW
Erick Sierra-Diaz, Alfredo de Jesus Celis-de la Rosa, Felipe Lozano-Kasten, Alejandro Bravo-Cuellar, Mariana Garcia-Gutierrez, Hernandez-Flores Georgina
The presence of albumin in urine has been used for more than four decades as a marker of renal and cardiovascular damage. Most of the information on this marker is related to adults. The prevalence of albuminuria in the pediatric population has been reported as being 2.2-12.8% in some countries. Most research in this field is related to albuminuria and diseases, such as diabetes and hypertension. Using the methodology described by Arksey and O'Malley in 2005, a scoping review was carried out to show that the presence of albumin in urine in the pediatric population might be associated with environmental, demographic, congenital, infectious, and non-infectious factors...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032119/a-systematic-review-of-safety-and-efficacy-of-systemic-corticosteroids-in-atopic-dermatitis
#12
Sherry Yu, Aaron M Drucker, Mark Lebwohl, Jonathan I Silverberg
BACKGROUND: Systemic corticosteroids are often used to treat atopic dermatitis (AD). However, few studies assessed the safety and efficacy of systemic corticosteroids in AD. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the literature on efficacy and safety of systemic corticosteroid use (oral, intramuscular, intravenous) in AD. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Medline, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library were searched. We included systematic reviews, guidelines and treatment reviews of systemic corticosteroid use among patients of all ages with a diagnosis of AD (52 reviews and 12 studies)...
October 12, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027597/lipoprotein-associated-phospholipase-a2-activity-in-obese-adolescents-with-and-without-type-2-diabetes
#13
Julia Seyfarth, Thomas Reinehr, Annika Hoyer, Christina Reinauer, Christina Bächle, Beate Karges, Ertan Mayatepek, Michael Roden, Sabine E Hofer, Susanna Wiegand, Joachim Woelfle, Wieland Kiess, Joachim Rosenbauer, Reinhard W Holl, Thomas Meissner
Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) was identified as a strong predictor for cardiovascular events. Furthermore, it is highly associated with obesity. The role of Lp-PLA2 in diabetes mellitus is controversial and analyses, especially in adolescents with type 2 diabetes (T2D), are missing. Therefore, we compared Lp-PLA2 activity between two obese age-, sex-, and BMI-matched cohorts of adolescents with and without T2D. Relationships between Lp-PLA2 activity and age, BMI, hemoglobin A1c, lipids, and adipokines were evaluated...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027595/carnosinase-diabetes-mellitus-and-the-potential-relevance-of-carnosinase-deficiency
#14
REVIEW
Verena Peters, Johannes Zschocke, Claus P Schmitt
Carnosinase (CN1) is a dipeptidase, encoded by the CNDP1 gene, that degrades histidine-containing dipeptides, such as carnosine, anserine and homocarnosine. Loss of CN1 function (also called carnosinase deficiency or aminoacyl-histidine dipeptidase deficiency) has been reported in a small number of patients with highly elevated blood carnosine concentrations, denoted carnosinaemia; it is unclear whether the variety of clinical symptoms in these individuals is causally related to carnosinase deficiency. Reduced CN1 function should increase serum carnosine concentrations but the genetic basis of carnosinaemia has not been formally confirmed to be due to CNDP1 mutations...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026747/acanthosis-nigricans-a-screening-test-for-insulin-resistance-an-important-risk-factor-for-diabetes-mellitus-type-2
#15
Meera Bhagyanathan, Deepak Dhayanithy, Vijayan Ampaya Parambath, R Bijayraj
BACKGROUND: Acanthosis nigricans (AN) is one of the signs suggestive of high insulin resistance (IR). IR is one of the mechanisms involved in pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus type-2 (DM Type-2). Thus, early detection of IR in children may allow us time to intervene well before the development of DM Type-2. In this study, 62% of children having AN had high IR. In children having both, AN and high body mass index (BMI), the incidence of IR was about 80%. This suggests that these easily detectable parameters alone can be useful in screening children at high risk of developing DM Type-2 in future...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026710/factors-associated-with-c-peptide-levels-after-diagnosis-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#16
Jung Won Hwang, Min Sun Kim, Dae-Yeol Lee
C-peptide is the best indicator of endogenous insulin secretion in patients with diabetes. This study investigated the relationship between C-peptide levels and clinical/laboratory parameters of children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), as measured at 6-month intervals after diagnosis. We retrospectively reviewed the data of 34 children with newly diagnosed T1DM. The study subjects were subdivided into a rapid progression group with C-peptide levels <0.6 ng/mL at 36 months (n=27; Group A) and a slow progression group with C-peptide levels >0...
September 2017: Chonnam Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026272/incidence-of-diabetes-mellitus-and-neoplasia-in-japanese-short-statured-children-treated-with-growth-hormone-in-the-genetics-and-neuroendocrinology-of-short-stature-international-study-genesis
#17
Susumu Yokoya, Tomonobu Hasegawa, Keiichi Ozono, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Susumu Kanzaki, Toshiaki Tanaka, Kazuo Chihara, Nan Jia, Christopher J Child, Katsuichiro Ihara, Jumpei Funai, Noriyuki Iwamoto, Yoshiki Seino
The primary goal of the Genetics and Neuroendocrinology of Short Stature International Study (GeNeSIS) was to assess the safety and effectiveness of Humatrope(®), a GH preparation, in the treatment of pediatric patients with short stature. We report our findings in the GH-treated Japanese pediatric population focusing on the incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and occurrence of neoplasms. A total of 2,345 Japanese patients were assessed for safety. During a mean observation period of 3.2 yr, T2D occurred in 3 patients (0...
2017: Clinical Pediatric Endocrinology: Case Reports and Clinical Investigations: Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025837/effects-of-lactobacillus-rhamnosus-gg-and-bifidobacterium-lactis-bb12-on-beta-cell-function-in-children-with-newly-diagnosed-type-1-diabetes-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Lidia Groele, Hania Szajewska, Agnieszka Szypowska
INTRODUCTION: Recent evidence has demonstrated that, among other factors, dysbiosis (imbalances in the composition and function of the gut microbiota) may be relevant in the development of type 1 diabetes (T1D). Thus, gut microbiota may be a target for improving outcomes in subjects with T1D. The aim of the study is to examine the effects of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG and Bifidobacterium lactis Bb12 on beta-cell function in children with newly diagnosed T1D. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A total of 96 children aged 8 to 17 years with newly diagnosed T1D, confirmed by clinical history and the presence of at least one positive autoantibody, will be enrolled in a double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial in which they will receive L...
October 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025203/impact-of-targeted-education-on-managing-warning-and-error-signals-by-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-using-the-accu-chek-combo-insulin-pump-system
#19
Asma Deeb, Nabras Al Qahtani, Amal Al Ali, Mariette Akle
PURPOSE: Insulin pumps are widely used in diabetes. They are equipped with safety alarms to alert users. Pump manuals contain alarm codes and how to troubleshoot them. However, these manuals are lengthy and difficult to use, particularly in emergencies. We aim to assess the impact of targeted education on warnings and errors in improving competency to troubleshoot the alarms. METHODS: Twenty-one patients, with a median age of 13, were recruited over a 5-month period...
September 2017: Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023853/antibiotics-gut-microbiome-and-obesity
#20
Karen S W Leong, José G B Derraik, Paul L Hofman, Wayne S Cutfield
Antibiotics have been hailed by many as 'miracle drugs' that have been effectively treating infectious diseases for over a century, leading to a marked reduction in morbidity and mortality. However, with the increasing use of antibiotics, we are now faced not only with the increasing threat of antibiotic resistance, but also with a rising concern about potential long-term effects of antibiotics on human health, including the development of obesity. The obesity pandemic continues to increase, a problem that affects both adults and children alike...
October 12, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
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