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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754212/matrix-metalloproteinase-expression-is-altered-in-the-small-and-large-intestine-following-fractionated-radiation-in-vivo
#1
Romany L Stansborough, Noor Al-Dasooqi, Emma H Bateman, Joanne M Bowen, Dorothy M K Keefe, Richard M Logan, Ann S J Yeoh, Eric E K Yeoh, Andrea M Stringer, Rachel J Gibson
PURPOSE: Radiotherapy-induced gut toxicity (RIGT) is associated with significant diarrhoea, pain and rectal bleeding. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been reported to be involved in chemotherapy-induced gut toxicity and RIGT following single-dose irradiation in vivo. We therefore proposed MMPs would be involved in the pathobiology of RIGT following fractionated irradiation. METHODS: Dark Agouti rats were treated with fractionated radiation (3 × 2.5 Gy/week for 6 weeks)...
May 12, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720096/celiac-crisis-a-rare-and-profound-presentation-of-celiac-disease-a-case-report
#2
Elizabeth Ann Forrest, Mark Wong, Srinivasa Nama, Siddharth Sharma
BACKGROUND: Celiac crisis is a life-threatening manifestation of celiac disease and is rare in adults, with only a handful of cases documented worldwide and mostly in children. CASE PRESENTATION: A profoundly emaciated 43-year-old female presented with profuse diarrhoea, shortness of breath, left leg swelling with ulceration and immobility (Body Mass Index (BMI) = 14.7 kg/m2 ). The patient had normal anion-gap metabolic acidosis (pH = 7.16) with persisting hypokalemia, hyponatremia, hypomagnesemia and hypophosphatemia...
May 2, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694378/comparison-of-acupuncture-and-other-drugs-for-chronic-constipation-a-network-meta-analysis
#3
Lingping Zhu, Yunhui Ma, Xiaoyan Deng
The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy and side effects of acupuncture, sham acupuncture and drugs in the treatment of chronic constipation. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effects of acupuncture and drugs for chronic constipation were comprehensively retrieved from electronic databases (such as PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, CNKI, Wanfang Database, VIP Database and CBM) up to December 2017. Additional references were obtained from review articles. With quality evaluations and data extraction, a network meta-analysis (NMA) was performed using a random-effects model under a frequentist framework...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669332/paritaprevir-ritonavir-ombitasvir-plus-dasabuvir-regimen-in-the-treatment-of-genotype-1-chronic-hepatitis-c-infection-in-patients-with-severe-renal-impairment-and-end-stage-renal-disease-a-real-life-cohort
#4
Jan Sperl, Miluse Kreidlova, Dusan Merta, Klara Chmelova, Renata Senkerikova, Sona Frankova
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Chronic hepatitis C (HCV) virus infection reactivates under immunosuppressive drugs and therefore has a negative impact on long-term survival of kidney transplant recipients. Treatment-induced clearance of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in kidney transplant candidates prevents virus reactivation after transplantation. Paritaprevir/Ritonavir/Ombitasvir with Dasabuvir (PrOD) represents a highly effective treatment regimen for HCV genotype 1 (GT1), also suitable for patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD)...
April 13, 2018: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651227/a-case-of-atopic-dermatitis-caused-by-ascaris-lumbricoides-infection
#5
Rosanna Qualizza, Laura M Losappio, Fabiana Furci
Background: Parasite infections stimulate total and specific IgE production that, in the case of Toxocara canis infection, corresponds to chronic allergic symptoms. There may also be other infections which have similar symptoms, such as Ascaris lumbricoides infection. Ascaris lumbricoides is a large nematode that causes abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, bloating, anorexia and intermittent diarrhoea. Patients with ascaridiasis and high IgE levels may also have allergy-like symptoms such as asthma, urticaria and atopic dermatitis...
2018: Clinical and Molecular Allergy: CMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615490/multiple-balloon-like-lesions-in-the-small-intestine-of-an-adult-with-chronic-diarrhoea
#6
Cheng-Bei Zhou, Hong Lu, Ying-Xuan Chen, Jing-Yuan Fang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2018: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589108/chronic-diarrhoea-following-surgery-for-colon-cancer-frequency-causes-and-treatment-options
#7
REVIEW
Jonathan Yde, Helene M Larsen, Søren Laurberg, Klaus Krogh, Hanne B Moeller
PURPOSE: The growing population of survivors after colon cancer warrants increased attention to the long-term outcome of surgical treatment. The change in bowel anatomy after resection disrupts normal gastrointestinal function and may cause symptoms. Thus, many patients surviving colon cancer have to cope with bowel dysfunction for the rest of their lives. We here aim to provide an overview of the literature on this topic. METHODS: We review long-term functional outcomes of surgical treatment for colon cancer, the underlying pathology, and treatment options...
March 27, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582226/a-long-term-feed-supplementation-based-on-phosphate-binders-in-feline-chronic-kidney-disease
#8
E Biasibetti, E Martello, M Bigliati, I Biasato, T Cocca, N Bruni, M T Capucchio
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a very common disorder in elderly cats. A proper renal diet represents the most efficient therapeutic intervention to improve survival and life quality in feline patients with 3 and 4 International Renal Interest Society (IRIS) stages. Twenty cats were selected in this study. Ten were administered the dietary supplementation for 360 days and the other ten, whose owners did not give consent for any supplemental therapies apart from the renal diet, were selected from a clinical database and used as control group...
March 26, 2018: Veterinary Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577349/natural-history-and-clinical-detection-of-undiagnosed-coeliac-disease-in-a-north-american-community
#9
I A Hujoel, C T Van Dyke, T Brantner, J Larson, K S King, A Sharma, J A Murray, A Rubio-Tapia
BACKGROUND: Coeliac disease is a substantially underdiagnosed disorder, with clinical testing currently guided by case finding. AIM: To determine the presence of indications for diagnostic testing and frequency of clinical testing in undiagnosed coeliac disease. METHODS: This was a case-control study of adults without prior diagnosis of coeliac disease. Undiagnosed cases were identified through sequential serology, and unaffected age- and gender-matched controls were selected...
March 25, 2018: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576871/-de-novo-hnf1-homeobox-b-mutation-as-a-cause-for-chronic-treatment-resistant-hypomagnesaemia
#10
C E Stiles, R Thuraisingham, D Bockenhauer, L Platts, A V Kumar, M Korbonits
29-year-old female presenting with an 8-year history of unexplained hypomagnesaemia, which was severe enough to warrant intermittent inpatient admission for intravenous magnesium. Urinary magnesium was inappropriately normal in the context of hypomagnesaemia indicating magnesium wasting. Ultrasound imaging demonstrated unilateral renal cysts and computed tomography of kidneys, ureters and bladder showed a bicornuate uterus. Referral to genetic services and subsequent testing revealed a de novo HNF1B deletion...
2018: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554961/a-poly-herbal-blend-herbagut%C3%A2-on-adults-presenting-with-gastrointestinal-complaints-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#11
Adrian L Lopresti, Hemant Gupta, Stephen J Smith
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of a poly-herbal formulation, Herbagut, for the treatment of gastrointestinal symptoms and its effect on quality of life parameters in patients presenting with self-reported, unsatisfactory bowel habits. METHODS: This was a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Fifty adults with self-reported unsatisfactory bowel habits, primarily characterised by chronic constipation were randomly allocated to take Herbagut or a matching placebo for 28 days...
March 20, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550382/voxtalisib-xl765-in-patients-with-relapsed-or-refractory-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-or-chronic-lymphocytic-leukaemia-an-open-label-phase-2-trial
#12
Jennifer R Brown, Mehdi Hamadani, John Hayslip, Ann Janssens, Nina Wagner-Johnston, Oliver Ottmann, Jon Arnason, Hervé Tilly, Michael Millenson, Fritz Offner, Nashat Y Gabrail, Siddhartha Ganguly, Sikander Ailawadh, Siddha Kasar, Arnon P Kater, Jeanette K Doorduijn, Lei Gao, Joanne J Lager, Bin Wu, Coumaran Egile, Marie José Kersten
BACKGROUND: Patients with relapsed or refractory lymphoma or chronic lymphocytic leukaemia have a poor prognosis. Therapies targeting more than one isoform of PI3K, as well as mTOR, might increase antitumour activity. We aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of voxtalisib (also known as XL765 or SAR245409), a pan-PI3K/mTOR inhibitor, in patients with relapsed or refractory lymphoma, or chronic lymphocytic leukaemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma. METHODS: We did a non-randomised, open-label, phase 2 trial at 30 oncology clinics in the USA, Belgium, Germany, France, the Netherlands, and Australia...
March 14, 2018: Lancet Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549685/the-traditional-medicine-aspects-biological-activity-and-phytochemistry-of-arnebia-spp
#13
Amirsaeed Hosseini, Fatemeh Mirzaee, Ali Davoodi, Hossein Bakhshi Jouybari, Mohammad Azadbakh
Arnebia, a sub cosmopolitan and important genus of the Boraginaceae family, comprises 25 species distributed among the world. Based on the studies of Persian medicine texts, there are some promising bioactivities for this genus that is unknown in modern medicine and some of them are still the basis of new remedies. This article presents Arnebia according to the most important ancient information by the most famous Persian medicine books like Makhzan Al Advieh, Tohfat Al-Momenin, Al-Qanun, Al-Seidaneh and Ekhtiarate Badiei...
February 1, 2018: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547647/long-term-effects-of-canine-parvovirus-infection-in-dogs
#14
Elena Kilian, Jan S Suchodolski, Katrin Hartmann, Ralf S Mueller, Gerhard Wess, Stefan Unterer
BACKGROUND: Canine parvovirus (CPV) is the most important viral cause of acute canine enteritis leading to severe damage of the intestinal barrier. It has been speculated that dogs might develop chronic disorders after surviving CPV infection. However, no studies regarding the long-term implications of CPV infection have been published to date. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether dogs that have survived CPV infection will have an increased risk for developing chronic gastroenteritis, atopic dermatitis, or cardiac disease...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546806/microscopic-colitis-in-patients-with-ulcerative-colitis-or-crohn-s-disease-a-retrospective-observational-study-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Anna Wickbom, Johan Bohr, Nils Nyhlin, Anders Eriksson, Annika Lapidus, Andreas Münch, Kjell-Arne Ung, Lina Vigren, Åke Öst, Curt Tysk
OBJECTIVES: Onset of microscopic colitis (MC) in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) or Crohn's disease (CD), or vice versa, has been reported occasionally but the subject is not well described. We therefore report a retrospective observational study of such patients and review the literature. METHODS: Forty-six Swedish gastroenterology clinics were contacted about patients with diagnoses of both inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and MC. Publications were searched on PubMed...
April 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546556/sofosbuvir-velpatasvir-voxilaprevir-a-review-in-chronic-hepatitis-c
#16
Young-A Heo, Emma D Deeks
A fixed-dose combination of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) NS5B polymerase inhibitor sofosbuvir, the HCV NS5A inhibitor velpatasvir and the HCV NS3/4A protease inhibitor voxilaprevir (sofosbuvir/velpatasvir/voxilaprevir; Vosevi® ) is approved in the EU for the treatment of chronic HCV genotype 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 infection in adults. In the phase III POLARIS trials, in patients who had HCV genotype 1-6 infection with or without compensated cirrhosis, overall rates of sustained virological response at 12 weeks post-treatment (SVR12 ) with sofosbuvir/velpatasvir/voxilaprevir were high after 8 weeks of treatment in direct-acting antiviral (DAA)-naïve patients and 12 weeks of treatment in DAA-experienced patients...
April 2018: Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543806/q-fever-in-spain-description-of-a-new-series-and-systematic-review
#17
Vanesa Alende-Castro, Cristina Macía-Rodríguez, Ignacio Novo-Veleiro, Xana García-Fernández, Mercedes Treviño-Castellano, Sergio Rodríguez-Fernández, Arturo González-Quintela
BACKGROUND: Forms of presentation of Q fever vary widely across Spain, with differences between the north and south. In the absence of reported case series from Galicia (north-west Spain), this study sought to describe a Q-fever case series in this region for the first time, and conduct a systematic review to analyse all available data on the disease in Spain. METHODS: Patients with positive serum antibodies to Coxiella burnetii from a single institution over a 5-year period (January 2011-December 2015) were included...
March 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519625/disseminated-histoplasmosis-diagnosed-in-the-bone-marrow-of-an-hiv-infected-patient-first-case-imported-in-tunisia
#18
N Fakhfakh, R Abdelmlak, S Aissa, A Kallel, Y Boudawara, S Bel Hadj, N Ben Romdhane, H Touiri Ben Aissa, K Kallel
Histoplasmosis is a fungal infection caused by a dimorphic fungus, Histoplasma capsulatum. We report a first case of disseminated histoplasmosis in a 34-year-old woman, infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), originating from Ivory Coast and living in Tunisia for 4 years. She was complaining from fever, chronic diarrhoea and pancytopenia. The Histoplasma capsulatum var. capsulatum was identified by direct microscopic examination of the bone marrow. She was treated by Amphotericin B, relayed by itraconazole...
March 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519502/ngm282-for-treatment-of-non-alcoholic-steatohepatitis-a-multicentre-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-phase-2-trial
#19
Stephen A Harrison, Mary E Rinella, Manal F Abdelmalek, James F Trotter, Angelo H Paredes, Hays L Arnold, Marcelo Kugelmas, Mustafa R Bashir, Mark J Jaros, Lei Ling, Stephen J Rossi, Alex M DePaoli, Rohit Loomba
BACKGROUND: Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis is a chronic liver disease characterised by the presence of hepatic steatosis, inflammation, and hepatocellular injury, for which no Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved treatment exists. FGF19 is a hormone that regulates bile acid synthesis and glucose homoeostasis. We aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of NGM282, an engineered FGF19 analogue, for the treatment of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. METHODS: In this randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 2 study, we recruited patients aged 18-75 years with biopsy-confirmed non-alcoholic steatohepatitis as defined by the non-alcoholic steatohepatitis clinical research network histological scoring system, from hospitals and gastroenterology and liver clinics in Australia and the USA...
March 24, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514815/predicting-inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-children-with-abdominal-pain-and-diarrhoea-calgranulin-c-versus-calprotectin-stool-tests
#20
Anke Heida, Els Van de Vijver, Don van Ravenzwaaij, Stephanie Van Biervliet, Thalia Z Hummel, Zehre Yuksel, Gieneke Gonera-de Jong, Renate Schulenberg, Anneke Muller Kobold, Patrick Ferry van Rheenen
OBJECTIVE: Calgranulin-C (S100A12) is a new faecal marker of inflammation that is potentially more specific for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) than calprotectin, since it is only released by activated granulocytes. We compared calgranulin-C and calprotectin to see which of the two tests best predicted IBD in children with chronic abdominal pain and diarrhoea. DESIGN: Delayed-type cross-sectional diagnostic study. SETTING AND PATIENTS: Previously undiagnosed patients aged 6-17 years, who were seen in paediatric clinics in the Netherlands and Belgium, sent in a stool sample for analysis...
June 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
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