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gullain barre

Sevgi Yimenicioğlu, Ayten Yakut, Arzu Ekici, Kursat Bora Carman, Ener Cagrı Dinleyici
BACKGROUND: Extrapulmonary complications of Mycoplasma pneumoniae (M. pneumoniae) infection include encephalitis, optic neuritis, acute psychosis, stroke, cranial nerve palsies, aseptic meningitis and also it may be implicated in immune mediated neurological diseases such as acute demyelinating encephalomyelitis, Guillain-Barre syndrome and transverse myelitis. CASE PRESENTATION: We present five cases with acute neurological diseases after M. pneumoniae infection...
October 2014: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Aviva Katzav, Hofit Bina, Ramona Aronovich, Joab Chapman
Experimental autoimmune neuritis (EAN) serves as an animal model for human Gullain-Barre syndrome (GBS), an autoimmune disease causing demyelination and inflammation of peripheral nerves. Macrophages, which play a major role in this autoimmune inflammatory process, can be selectively targeted by high doses of bisphophonates. The goal of this study was to examine the effect of the bisphosphonate, clodronate, on the severity of the EAN model. EAN was induced in female adult rats by immunization with bovine peripheral myelin...
July 2013: Immunologic Research
Bhawna Sharma, Kadam Nagpal, Raghavendra Bakki Sannegowda, Swayam Prakash
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2013: Journal of Neurovirology
Roshan Koul, Amna Al-Futaisi, Alexander Chacko, Mohammed Fazalullah, Susan Al Nabhani, Salah Al-Awaidy, Suleiman Al-Busaidy, Salim Al-Mahrooqi
OBJECTIVES: To find the incidence, clinical pattern and outcome of Guillain-Barre syndrome in the Sultanate of Oman in children less than 15 years of age. METHODS: All children under fifteen years with acute flaccid paralysis were admitted to identify the underlying cause. The diagnosis of Gullain Barre syndrome was made by clinical criteria, cerebrospinal fluid findings and nerve conduction studies. Intravenous immunoglobulins were given to all and two needed plasmapharesis...
July 2008: Oman Medical Journal
Natalia Rokosz, Waldemar Rastawicki, Marek Jagielski, Zofia Hetkowska-Abramczyk
Diagnosis of previous C. jejuni infections in GBS patients are mostly based on serological findings. However, there are not consensus what kind of antigen should be used in the serological assays. In our study we used ELISA with four different antigen preparations for investigation of specific antibodies to C. jejuni in serum samples obtained from 6 children with GBS. In all patients the high level of IgA and IgG antibodies to LPS were diagnosed. The antibodies in particular classes of immunoglobulins to recombinant proteins (Mikrogen), termostabile antigen and whole-cell antigen (Virion/Serion) of C...
2011: Medycyna Doświadczalna i Mikrobiologia
Sine Wichmann, Birgitte Viebæk Christensen
Adult-onset Still's disease is a rare systemic inflammatory illness. The condition is difficult to diagnose because the illness can resemble sepsis and other well known conditions. This case report concerns a 67 year-old woman with adult-onset Still's disease in two rare manifestations: acute respiratory distress syndrome and neurological manifestation in the form of Gullain Barré syndrome.
October 17, 2011: Ugeskrift for Laeger
Serhat Findik, Recep Bulbul, Taner Ozbenli, Esra Aslan, Ufuk Sandikci, Davut Aydin, Atilla Guven Atici, Sevket Ozkaya
A 35-year-old female presented with three days' history of aching discomfort in her back, chest, and ankles. She had also noticed increasing weakness of her legs and a week before admission had shown flu-like symptoms. Chest X-ray showed bilateral hilar and right paratracheal lymphadenopathy. Bronchoscopic biopsies revealed non-caseating granuloma. She was diagnosed with sarcoidosis and was given prednisolone. The patient developed facial palsy and rapidly progressive ascending paralysis beginning from the lower extremities on the third and fourth days after initial presentation, respectively...
March 2011: Acta Neurologica Belgica
L F Owolabi, M Y Shehu, M N Shehu, J Fadare
BACKGROUND: Kano is the most populated state in Nigeria with a population totaling 9,383,682. The pattern of neurologic diseases in this area is not known. OBJECTIVE: To determine the of pattern of neurologic diseases warranting admission in a tertiary hospital in Kano and compare it with those elsewhere in the country with the view to using the data generated as a baseline for planning purposes and for future studies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of all cases admitted with neurologic diseases in the Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano between January 2005 and September 2008, were retrospectively reviewed and the frequency of neurologic diseases, sex, age, and outcome of these diseases analyzed...
July 2010: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
Roshan Lal Koul, Amna Alfutaisi
OBJECTIVES: To see the pattern, and outcome of Guillain Barre syndrome in this country. METHODS: All the children under fifteen years with final diagnosis of Guillain-Barre syndrome formed the subjects of the study. All children with acute flaccid paralysis were investigated for the underlying cause. The diagnosis of Gullain-Barre syndrome was made on clinical criteria, cerebrospinal findings and the nerve conduction studies. Intravenous immunoglobulins were given to all and only two children needed plasmapharesis...
August 2008: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Matthias Zilbauer, Nick Dorrell, Brendan W Wren, Mona Bajaj-Elliott
Infection by Campylobacter jejuni is considered to be the most prevalent cause of bacterial-mediated diarrhoeal disease worldwide. Both in the developing and the developed world, young children remain most susceptible. Although disease is generally mild and self-limiting, severe post-infectious complications such as Gullain-Barré syndrome may occur. Despite the significant health burden caused by the organism, our current understanding of disease pathogenesis remains in its infancy. Elucidation of the genome sequences of many different C...
February 2008: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Akiyuki Hiraga, Satoshi Kuwabara, Akira Nakamura, Nobuhiro Yuki, Takamichi Hattori, Takashi Matsunaga
Human immunodeficiency virus-associated Guillain-Barré syndrome typically occurs early in HIV infection before AIDS develops. We report a 56-year-old male AIDS patient, who developed overlapping Fisher/Guillain-Barré syndrome despite markedly decreased CD4 cell counts. Serum anti-GQ1b IgG antibody was positive. His condition improved rapidly after immunoglobulin treatment. This indicates that Fisher/Guillain-Barré syndrome may occur even in severely immunosuppressed patients and that anti-ganglioside antibody production is possibly mediated by a T cell-independent process...
July 15, 2007: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Sushmita Sinha, Kashi N Prasad, Sunil Pradhan, Deepika Jain, Sanjeev Jha
Based on culture and serological evidence, a strong association between Campylobacter jejuni infection and Gullain-Barré syndrome (GBS) has been established. However, culture underestimates C. jejuni infection in GBS and the specificity of serology remains uncertain. Thus, a direct sensitive detection method for recent C. jejuni infection is required. We used the PCR technique in GBS patients to assess its role in the diagnosis of C. jejuni infection. From June 2001 to March 2003, stool specimens from 42 patients with GBS and an equal number of age- and gender-matched healthy controls were analysed for C...
June 2004: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1953: Journal of the Medical Association of Georgia
Y Hayashi, M Koga, M Takahashi, A Uchida, N Yuki
We described a 70-year-old woman with overlapping Fisher's syndrome (FS) and Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), from whom Campylobacter jejuni had been isolated. In typical FS as well as GBS with ophthalmoplegia and acute ophthalmoparesis without ataxia, serum anti-GQ1b IgG antibody often is detected and ophthalmoplegia is characterized by the predominant abducens palsy. This patient, however, showed marked oculomotor nerve disturbance. Serum anti-GQ1b IgG antibody was negative and IgG antibodies against GM1, GM1b, and GD1a were strongly positive...
November 2001: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
R Anand, R Anand, M Gupta, T Mondal, J Chandra
Neurological involvement of mumps is commonly restricted to aseptic meningitis. However, rarely mumps is associated with more severe encephalitic illness; other known associations described with mumps are cases of transverse myelitis and Gullain Barre like illness. We report a case of hemiplegia due to mumps parotitis probably caused by involvement of carotid artery.
January 1997: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
T Takigawa, H Yasuda, M Terada, M Haneda, A Kashiwagi, T Saito, T Saida, H Kitasato, R Kikkawa
OBJECTIVE: To determine the possible role of anti-GM1 ganglioside antisera from patients with Gullain-Barr*e syndrome (GBS) or chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) in the development of nerve dysfunction. METHODS: The effect of the anti-GM1 antibody positive antisera obtained from 4 GBS patients and 1 CIDP patient on membrane potential and ionic currents in rat single myelinated nerve fibers was investigated using the voltage clamp technique and compared with that of the anti-GM1 negative antisera obtained from 3 healthy controls and 2 GBS patients...
February 2000: Internal Medicine
Y Guo, C Wang, S Gao, H Ren
OBJECTIVE: To make clinical analysis and pathological study on 40-case Gullain-Barré syndrome with sural nerve biopsy. METHODS: A total of 90 cases of GBS were retrospectively analyzed of which sural nerve biopsies were performed in 40 cases. The type of GBS was determined according to Asbury and Ropper criteria, and its correlation with pathological findings was studied. RESULTS: In the 40 biopsy cases, demyelination was the predominant pathological change in 38 cases...
September 1997: Chinese Medical Journal
A Mochizuki, K Ota, M Iijima, T Yamauchi, M Iwata
Miller Fisher syndrome (FS) is thought to be a variant of Gullain-Barré syndrome (GBS), both of which rarely relapse. We report a rare case of GBS that followed FS. A 38-year-old woman had ophthalmoplegia, ataxia and areflexia following an upper respiratory tract infection with a diagnosis of FS. Serum anti-GQ1b IgG antibody was found to be increased, but decreased through immunoadsorption as the neurological symptoms of the patient improved. She became completely asymptomatic three months after the onset of FS...
May 1996: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
M Malosetti, J A González Leprat, H Tosi, S Dighiero, E Somma Moreira
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1965: Anales de la Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Montevideo, Uruguay
A B Mukerjee, P K Sen, M Dasgupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1968: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
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