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liver decellularization

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879659/extracellular-matrix-particle-glycosaminoglycan-composite-hydrogels-for-regenerative-medicine-applications
#1
Vince Beachley, Garret Ma, Chris Papadimitriou, Matt Gibson, Michael Corvelli, Jennifer Elisseeff
Tissue extracellular matrix (ECM) is a complex material made up of fibrous proteins and ground substance (glycosaminoglycans, GAGs) that are secreted by cells. ECM contains important biological cues that modulate cell behaviors, and it also serves as a structural scaffold to which cells can adhere. For clinical applications, where immune rejection is a constraint, ECM can be processed using decellularization methods intended to remove cells and donor antigens from tissue or organs, while preserving native biological cues essential for cell growth and differentiation...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856614/decellularized-liver-scaffold-for-liver-regeneration
#2
Wei Yang, Renpei Xia, Yujun Zhang, Hongyu Zhang, Lianhua Bai
After being initially hailed as the ultimate solution to end-stage organ failure, such as end-stage liver disease (ESLD), engineering of vascularized tissues has stalled because of the need for a well-structured circulatory system that can maintain the cells to be seeded inside the construct.In the field of regenerative medicine, decellularized scaffolds, derived mainly from various non-autologous whole organs, have become an emerging treatment technique to overcome this obstacle. As a result of significant progress made in recent years, organogenesis through whole-organ decellularization scaffolds may now become more feasible than ever before...
August 31, 2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851916/a-novel-three-dimensional-culture-system-maintaining-the-physiological-extracellular-matrix-of-fibrotic-model-livers-accelerates-progression-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells
#3
Yuya Miyauchi, Kentaro Yasuchika, Ken Fukumitsu, Takamichi Ishii, Satoshi Ogiso, Takahito Minami, Hidenobu Kojima, Ryoya Yamaoka, Hokahiro Katayama, Takayuki Kawai, Elena Yukie Yoshitoshi-Uebayashi, Sadahiko Kita, Katsutaro Yasuda, Naoya Sasaki, Shinji Uemoto
Liver fibrosis is characterized by the progressive accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) and is a strong predictor of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development and progression. However, the effect of ECM in fibrotic livers on HCC cells is poorly understood. The aims of this study were to create a new culture system that retained the natural ECM of fibrotic model livers and to establish whether natural ECM regulated the characteristics of HCC cells. Using an organ decellularization technique, we created a new culture system that preserved the tissue-specific ECM of fibrotic model livers from CCl4-treated rats...
August 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808979/decellularization-of-liver-and-organogenesis-in-rats
#4
Nana Shirakigawa, Hiroyuki Ijima
Recently, organ construction has been attempted using decellularized organs. In this study, we used decellularized rat liver to construct liver tissue by recellularization. The right lobe of the rat liver was decellularized with 4% Triton X-100 solution, recellularized with 10(7) rat hepatocytes, and albumin synthesis in the recellularized right lobe was observed. Therefore, we introduce a method of decellularizing rat liver, which retains its fine vascular structure after removal of all the cells, perform organogenesis using the decellularized liver, and evaluate the structural and functional properties of the products...
August 15, 2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776092/hepatocytic-differentiation-of-ips-cells-on-decellularized-liver-tissue
#5
Mitsuhi Hirata, Tetsuji Yamaoka
Decellularized tissues (DETs) have been attracting great attention as scaffolds for tissue-engineering approaches. Recently, some studies have reported that decellularized liver tissues (DLT) can provide an excellent environment for the hepatocytic differentiation of hepatic stem/progenitor cells that were already committed to the hepatocyte lineage. However, the effects of DLT on the hepatocytic differentiation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSs) have not yet been established. Here we studied the hepatocytic differentiation of iPSs on DLT and decellularized heart tissues (DHT) in order to determine the tissue-specific effects of DETs on iPSs differentiation...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735385/preparation-of-decellularized-liver-scaffolds-and-recellularized-liver-grafts
#6
Yibin Chen, Sharon Geerts, Maria Jaramillo, Basak E Uygun
Severe liver disease is the 12th leading cause of death in the USA, with organ transplantation often being the only viable option for treatment. However, due to the shortage of viable donor livers, it is estimated that over 1200 patients died in 2015 while waiting for liver transplantation. This highlights the need for alternative sources of viable organs. In this study, we describe a method that provides the groundwork for the development of functional liver grafts. The approach described here is for removal of cells from intact livers and subsequently repopulating them with functional liver cells...
July 23, 2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717194/rapid-production-of-human-liver-scaffolds-for-functional-tissue-engineering-by-high-shear-stress-oscillation-decellularization
#7
Giuseppe Mazza, Walid Al-Akkad, Andrea Telese, Lisa Longato, Luca Urbani, Benjamin Robinson, Andrew Hall, Kenny Kong, Luca Frenguelli, Giusi Marrone, Oliver Willacy, Mohsen Shaeri, Alan Burns, Massimo Malago, Janet Gilbertson, Nigel Rendell, Kevin Moore, David Hughes, Ioan Notingher, Gavin Jell, Armando Del Rio Hernandez, Paolo De Coppi, Krista Rombouts, Massimo Pinzani
The development of human liver scaffolds retaining their 3-dimensional structure and extra-cellular matrix (ECM) composition is essential for the advancement of liver tissue engineering. We report the design and validation of a new methodology for the rapid and accurate production of human acellular liver tissue cubes (ALTCs) using normal liver tissue unsuitable for transplantation. The application of high shear stress is a key methodological determinant accelerating the process of tissue decellularization while maintaining ECM protein composition, 3D-architecture and physico-chemical properties of the native tissue...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665233/decellularization-of-whole-human-liver-grafts-using-controlled-perfusion-for-transplantable-organ-bioscaffolds
#8
Monique M A Verstegen, Jorke Willemse, Sjoerd van den Hoek, Gert-Jan Kremers, Theo M Luider, Nick A van Huizen, Francois E J A Willemssen, Herold J Metselaar, Jan N M IJzermans, Luc J W van der Laan, Jeroen de Jonge
Liver transplantation is the only effective treatment for end-stage liver disease, but absolute donor shortage remains a limiting factor. Recent advances in tissue engineering focus on generation of native extracellular matrix (ECM) by decellularized complete livers in animal models. Although proof of concept has been reported for human livers, this study aims to perform whole liver decellularization in a clinically relevant series using controlled machine perfusion. In this study, we describe a mild nondestructive decellularization protocol, effective in 11 discarded human whole liver grafts to generate constructs that reliably maintain hepatic architecture and ECM components using machine perfusion, while completely removing cellular DNA and RNA...
September 15, 2017: Stem Cells and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600910/dried-human-skin-fibroblasts-as-a-new-substratum-for-functional-culture-of-hepatic-cells
#9
Agnieszka Wencel, Karolina Ewa Zakrzewska, Anna Samluk, Bartłomiej Henryk Noszczyk, Dorota Genowefa Pijanowska, Krzysztof Dariusz Pluta
The primary hepatocytes culture is still one of the main challenges in toxicology studies in the drug discovery process, development of in vitro models to study liver function, and cell-based therapies. Isolated hepatocytes display a rapid decline in viability and liver-specific functions including albumin production, conversion of ammonia to urea, and activity of the drug metabolizing enzymes. A number of methods have been developed in order to maintain hepatocytes in their highly differentiated state in vitro...
2017: Acta Biochimica Polonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556592/the-effect-of-riboflavin-uva-cross-linking-on-anti-degeneration-and-promoting-angiogenic-capability-of-decellularized-liver-matrix
#10
Junxi Xiang, Peng Liu, Xinglong Zheng, Dinghui Dong, Shujuan Fan, Jian Dong, Xufeng Zhang, Xuemin Liu, Bo Wang, Yi Lv
Weak mechanical property and unstable degradation rate limited the application of decellularized liver matrix in tissue engineering. The aim of this study was to explore a new method for improving the mechanical properties, anti-degeneration and angiogenic capability of decellularized liver matrix. This was achieved by a novel approach using riboflavin/ultraviolet A treatment to induce collagen cross-linking of decellularized matrix. Histological staining and scanning electron microscope showed that the diameter of cross-linked fibers significantly increased compared with the control group...
May 27, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543403/decellularized-human-liver-is-too-heterogeneous-for-designing-a-generic-extracellular-matrix-mimic-hepatic-scaffold
#11
Giorgio Mattei, Chiara Magliaro, Andrea Pirone, Arti Ahluwalia
Decellularized human livers are considered the perfect extracellular matrix (ECM) surrogate because both three-dimensional architecture and biological features of the hepatic microenvironment are thought to be preserved. However, donor human livers are in chronically short supply, both for transplantation or as decellularized scaffolds, and will become even scarcer as life expectancy increases. It is hence of interest to determine the structural and biochemical properties of human hepatic ECM to derive design criteria for engineering biomimetic scaffolds...
May 23, 2017: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510115/application-of-decellularized-tissue-scaffolds-in-ovarian-tissue-transplantation
#12
Enes Taylan, Kutluk Oktay
In tissue engineering, decellularized scaffolds have been proved to have remarkable capacity to promote regeneration in various organs such as kidney, heart, lung, and liver. Marrying the field of cryobiology and reproductive medicine resulted in considerable progress and breakthroughs, which led to the emergence of ovarian tissue cryopreservation and transplantation as a promising option for fertility preservation. Here we describe an innovative application of decellularized tissue scaffolds as a regenerative platform for reconstruction of ovarian grafts for auto-transplantation...
May 17, 2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463580/-tissue-specific-extracellular-matrix-enhances-skeletal-muscle-precursor-cell-expansion-and-differentiation-for-potential-application-in-cell-therapy
#13
Deying Zhang, Yong Zhang, Yuanyuan Zhang, Hualin Yi, Zhan Wang, Rongpei Wu, Dawei He, Guanghui Wei, Shicheng Wei, Yun Hu, Junhong Deng, Tracy Criswell, James Yoo, Yu Zhou, Anthony Atala
Skeletal muscle precursor cells (MPCs) are considered a key candidate for cell therapy in the treatment of skeletal muscle dysfunction due to injury, disease, or age. However, expansion of a sufficient number of functional skeletal muscle cells in vitro from a small tissue biopsy has been challenging due to changes in phenotypic expression of these cells under traditional culture conditions. Thus, the aim of the study was to develop a better culture system for the expansion and myo-differentiation of MPCs that could further be used for therapy...
August 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439901/biomimetic-strategies-to-recapitulate-organ-specific-microenvironments-for-studying-breast-cancer-metastasis
#14
REVIEW
Akshay A Narkhede, Lalita A Shevde, Shreyas S Rao
The progression of breast cancer from the primary tumor setting to the metastatic setting is the critical event defining Stage IV disease, no longer considered curable. The microenvironment at specific organ sites is known to play a key role in influencing the ultimate fate of metastatic cells; yet microenvironmental mediated-molecular mechanisms underlying organ specific metastasis in breast cancer are not well understood. This review discusses biomimetic strategies employed to recapitulate metastatic organ microenvironments, particularly, bone, liver, lung and brain to elucidate the mechanisms dictating metastatic breast cancer cell homing and colonization...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437180/a-drug-induced-hybrid-electrospun-poly-capro-lactone-cell-derived-extracellular-matrix-scaffold-for-liver-tissue-engineering
#15
Rhiannon Grant, David C Hay, Anthony Callanan
Liver transplant is the only treatment option for patients with end-stage liver failure, however, there are too few donor livers available for transplant. Whole organ tissue engineering presents a potential solution to the problem of rapidly escalating donor liver shortages worldwide. A major challenge for liver tissue engineers is the creation of a hepatocyte microenvironment; a niche in which liver cells can survive and function optimally. While polymers and decellularized tissues pose an attractive option for scaffold manufacturing, neither alone has thus far proved sufficient...
May 3, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372287/organ-reconstruction-dream-or-reality-for%C3%A2-the%C3%A2-future
#16
REVIEW
J-F Stoltz, L Zhang, J S Ye, N De Isla
The relevance of research on reconstructed organs is justified by the lack of organs available for transplant and the growing needs for the ageing population. The development of a reconstructed organ involves two parallel complementary steps: de-cellularization of the organ with the need to maintain the structural integrity of the extracellular matrix and vascular network and re-cellularization of the scaffold with stem cells or resident cells.Whole organ engineering for liver, heart, lung or kidneys, is particularly difficult because of the structural complexity of organs and heterogeneity of cells...
2017: Bio-medical Materials and Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372286/research-progress-in-liver-tissue-engineering
#17
REVIEW
Lei Zhang, Zheng Guan, Jun-Song Ye, Yan-Feng Yin, Jean-François Stoltz, Natalia de Isla
Liver transplantation is the definitive treatment for patients with end-stage liver diseases (ESLD). However, it is hampered by shortage of liver donor. Liver tissue engineering, aiming at fabricating new livers in vitro, provides a potential resolution for donor shortage. Three elements need to be considered in liver tissue engineering: seeding cell resources, scaffolds and bioreactors. Studies have shown potential cell sources as hepatocytes, hepatic cell line, mesenchymal stem cells and others. They need scaffolds with perfect biocompatiblity, suitable micro-structure and appropriate degradation rate, which are essential charateristics for cell attachment, proliferation and secretion in forming extracellular matrix...
2017: Bio-medical Materials and Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277649/development-of-liver-decellularized-extracellular-matrix-bioink-for-three-dimensional-cell-printing-based-liver-tissue-engineering
#18
Hyungseok Lee, Wonil Han, Hyeonji Kim, Dong-Heon Ha, Jinah Jang, Byoung Soo Kim, Dong-Woo Cho
The liver is an important organ and plays major roles in the human body. Because of the lack of liver donors after liver failure and drug-induced liver injury, much research has focused on developing liver alternatives and liver in vitro models for transplantation and drug screening. Although numerous studies have been conducted, these systems cannot faithfully mimic the complexity of the liver. Recently, three-dimensional (3D) cell printing technology has emerged as one of a number of innovative technologies that may help to overcome this limitation...
March 21, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162155/-three-dimensional-circulation-perfusion-culture-of-hepatocytes-in-the-liver-decellularizedscaffold
#19
L Wang, P C Zhou, S S Zhu, Y Wang, X J Fan, M Y Zhu, Z W Wang, H X Qian
Objective: The intact rat liver decellularized scaffolds were preparedand repopulated hepatocytes by continuous perfusion technology.Toprovideexperimental support for the application of decellularized liver scaffolds in liver engineering. Method: Decellularized liver scaffolds were obtained by perfusing method. The composition and structure was examined by HE, Masson, Sirius red stain and immunofluorescence. The ultrastructure was examined by scanning electron microscope (SEM). DNA content was used to confirm the effect of decellularization...
January 24, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127796/construction-of-bioengineered-hepatic-tissue-derived-from-human-umbilical-cord-mesenchymal-stem-cells-via-aggregation-culture-in-porcine-decellularized-liver-scaffolds
#20
Yi Li, Qiong Wu, Yujia Wang, Li Li, Fei Chen, Yujun Shi, Ji Bao, Hong Bu
BACKGROUND: An individualized, tissue-engineered liver suitable for transplanting into a patient with liver disease would be of great benefit to the patient and the healthcare system. The tissue-engineered liver would possess the functions of the original healthy organ. Two fields of study, (i) using decellularized tissue as cell scaffolding, and (ii) stem cell differentiation into functional cells, are coming together to make this concept feasible. The decellularized liver scaffolds (DLS) can interact with cells to promote cell differentiation and signal transduction and three-dimensional (3D) stem cell aggregations can maintain the phenotypes and improve functions of stem cells after differentiation by undergoing cell-cell contact...
January 26, 2017: Xenotransplantation
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