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liver decellularization

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152658/hepatic-differentiation-of-mouse-bone-marrow%C3%A2-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-using-a-novel-3d-culture-system
#1
Qiong Wu, Jing Tang, Yi Li, Li Li, Yujia Wang, Ji Bao, Hong Bu
The development of novel culture systems that mimic the in vivo microenvironment may be beneficial for inducing the differentiation of stem cells and promoting liver function. In the present study, spheroid cultures and decellularized liver scaffolds (DLSs) were utilized to obtain differentiated hepatocyte‑like cells. Mouse bone marrow (BM)‑derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) self‑aggregated into spheroids under low‑attachment conditions and implanted into the DLSs via a negative pressure suction device...
October 19, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104526/-tissue-papers-from-organ-specific-decellularized-extracellular-matrices
#2
Adam E Jakus, Monica M Laronda, Alexandra S Rashedi, Christina M Robinson, Chris Lee, Sumanas W Jordan, Kyle E Orwig, Teresa K Woodruff, Ramille N Shah
Using an innovative, tissue-independent approach to decellularized tissue processing and biomaterial fabrication, the development of a series of "tissue papers" derived from native porcine tissues/organs (heart, kidney, liver, muscle), native bovine tissue/organ (ovary and uterus), and purified bovine Achilles tendon collagen as a control from decellularized extracellular matrix particle ink suspensions cast into molds is described. Each tissue paper type has distinct microstructural characteristics as well as physical and mechanical properties, is capable of absorbing up to 300% of its own weight in liquid, and remains mechanically robust (E = 1-18 MPa) when hydrated; permitting it to be cut, rolled, folded, and sutured, as needed...
September 13, 2017: Advanced Functional Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101679/simple-and-quick-method-to-obtain-a-decellularized-functional-liver-bioscaffold
#3
Matteo Ghiringhelli, Alessandro Zenobi, Stefano Brizzola, Fulvio Gandolfi, Valentino Bontempo, Sandro Rossi, Tiziana A L Brevini, Fabio Acocella
The development of new approaches for organ transplantation has become crucial in the last years. In particular, organ engineering, involving the preparation of acellular matrices that provide a natural habitat for reseeding with an appropriate population of cells, is an attractive although technically demanding approach. We here describe a method that allows for the derivation of functional in vitro hepatic organoids and that does not require a previous selection of all the parenchymal hepatocytes and non-parenchymal cells, namely, Kupffer cells, liver endothelial cells, and hepatic stellate cells...
November 4, 2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101678/liver-bioengineering-using-decellularized-whole-liver-scaffolds
#4
Iris Pla-Palacín, Pilar Sainz-Arnal, Sara Morini, Manuel Almeida, Pedro M Baptista
Currently, due to the progress made in the field of regenerative medicine, whole-organ bioengineering is becoming a valid alternative to cope with the shortages of organs for transplantation. In this chapter, we describe the main techniques carried out for pig liver bioengineering, which serves as an essential model for future human liver bioengineering. These include porcine whole-liver decellularization, endothelial and mesenchymal stem cell isolation, porcine ES-derived hepatoblasts, and scaffold recellularization using a bioreactor perfusion system...
November 4, 2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052367/decellularized-caprine-liver-extracellular-matrix-as-a-2d-substrate-coating-and-3d-hydrogel-platform-for-vascularized-liver-tissue-engineering
#5
Tarun Agarwal, Rajan Narayan, Somnath Maji, Sudip Kumar Ghosh, Tapas Kumar Maiti
Development of a vascularized liver tissue construct is a need of an hour to circumvent the current demand of liver transplantation in healthcare sector. An appropriate matrix must support liver cell viability, functionality, and development of microvasculature. With this perspective, here, we report the use of decellularized Caprine liver ECM (CLECM) derived hydrogel for tissue engineering applications. First, CLECM was used as a substrate coating material for 2D hepatocyte culture. HepG2 cells cultured on CLECM coated surface showed higher albumin, urea, glycogen and GAGs synthesis in comparison to collagen coated surface (taken as control for the study)...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017397/liver-scaffolds-support-survival-and-metabolic-function-of-multilineage-neonatal-allogenic-cells
#6
Wessam Hassanein, Arielle Cimeno, Avraham Werdesheim, Bryan Buckingham, Joshua Harrison, Mehmet C Uluer, Ali Khalifeh, Carlos Rivera-Pratts, Stephen Klepfer, Jhade D Woodall, Urmil Dhru, Elliot Bromberg, Dawn Parsell, Cinthia Drachenberg, Rolf N Barth, John C LaMattina
Organ scaffold bioengineering is currently limited by the inability to effectively repopulate the scaffold with appropriately distributed functional cells. We examined the feasibility of a decellularized liver scaffold to support the growth and function of multilineage allogenic cells derived from either adult or neonatal liver cells. Cell slurries from neonatal and adult rat livers containing hepatocytes, cholangiocytes, and endothelial cells were introduced into decellularized adult rat liver scaffolds via the bile duct...
October 10, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972946/recent-advances-in-decellularization-and-recellularization-for-tissue-engineered-liver-grafts
#7
Yujia Wang, Clara T Nicolas, Harvey S Chen, Jeffery J Ross, Silvana B De Lorenzo, Scott L Nyberg
Liver transplantation from deceased or living human donors remains the only proven option for patients with end-stage liver disease. However, the shortage of donor organs is a significant clinical concern that has led to the pursuit of tissue-engineered liver grafts generated from decellularized liver extracellular matrix and functional cells. Investigative efforts on optimizing both liver decellularization and recellularization protocols have been made in recent decades. In the current review, we briefly summarize these advances, including the generation of high-quality liver extracellular matrix scaffolds, evaluation criteria for quality control, modification of matrix for enhanced properties, and reseeding strategies...
2017: Cells, Tissues, Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879659/extracellular-matrix-particle-glycosaminoglycan-composite-hydrogels-for-regenerative-medicine-applications
#8
Vince Beachley, Garret Ma, Chris Papadimitriou, Matt Gibson, Michael Corvelli, Jennifer Elisseeff
Tissue extracellular matrix (ECM) is a complex material made up of fibrous proteins and ground substance (glycosaminoglycans, GAGs) that are secreted by cells. ECM contains important biological cues that modulate cell behaviors, and it also serves as a structural scaffold to which cells can adhere. For clinical applications, where immune rejection is a constraint, ECM can be processed using decellularization methods intended to remove cells and donor antigens from tissue or organs, while preserving native biological cues essential for cell growth and differentiation...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856614/decellularized-liver-scaffold-for-liver-regeneration
#9
Wei Yang, Renpei Xia, Yujun Zhang, Hongyu Zhang, Lianhua Bai
After being initially hailed as the ultimate solution to end-stage organ failure, such as end-stage liver disease (ESLD), engineering of vascularized tissues has stalled because of the need for a well-structured circulatory system that can maintain the cells to be seeded inside the construct.In the field of regenerative medicine, decellularized scaffolds, derived mainly from various non-autologous whole organs, have become an emerging treatment technique to overcome this obstacle. As a result of significant progress made in recent years, organogenesis through whole-organ decellularization scaffolds may now become more feasible than ever before...
August 31, 2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851916/a-novel-three-dimensional-culture-system-maintaining-the-physiological-extracellular-matrix-of-fibrotic-model-livers-accelerates-progression-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells
#10
Yuya Miyauchi, Kentaro Yasuchika, Ken Fukumitsu, Takamichi Ishii, Satoshi Ogiso, Takahito Minami, Hidenobu Kojima, Ryoya Yamaoka, Hokahiro Katayama, Takayuki Kawai, Elena Yukie Yoshitoshi-Uebayashi, Sadahiko Kita, Katsutaro Yasuda, Naoya Sasaki, Shinji Uemoto
Liver fibrosis is characterized by the progressive accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) and is a strong predictor of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development and progression. However, the effect of ECM in fibrotic livers on HCC cells is poorly understood. The aims of this study were to create a new culture system that retained the natural ECM of fibrotic model livers and to establish whether natural ECM regulated the characteristics of HCC cells. Using an organ decellularization technique, we created a new culture system that preserved the tissue-specific ECM of fibrotic model livers from CCl4-treated rats...
August 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808979/decellularization-of-liver-and-organogenesis-in-rats
#11
Nana Shirakigawa, Hiroyuki Ijima
Recently, organ construction has been attempted using decellularized organs. In this study, we used decellularized rat liver to construct liver tissue by recellularization. The right lobe of the rat liver was decellularized with 4% Triton X-100 solution, recellularized with 10(7) rat hepatocytes, and albumin synthesis in the recellularized right lobe was observed. Therefore, we introduce a method of decellularizing rat liver, which retains its fine vascular structure after removal of all the cells, perform organogenesis using the decellularized liver, and evaluate the structural and functional properties of the products...
August 15, 2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776092/hepatocytic-differentiation-of-ips-cells-on-decellularized-liver-tissue
#12
Mitsuhi Hirata, Tetsuji Yamaoka
Decellularized tissues (DETs) have been attracting great attention as scaffolds for tissue-engineering approaches. Recently, some studies have reported that decellularized liver tissues (DLT) can provide an excellent environment for the hepatocytic differentiation of hepatic stem/progenitor cells that were already committed to the hepatocyte lineage. However, the effects of DLT on the hepatocytic differentiation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSs) have not yet been established. Here we studied the hepatocytic differentiation of iPSs on DLT and decellularized heart tissues (DHT) in order to determine the tissue-specific effects of DETs on iPSs differentiation...
December 2017: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735385/preparation-of-decellularized-liver-scaffolds-and-recellularized-liver-grafts
#13
Yibin Chen, Sharon Geerts, Maria Jaramillo, Basak E Uygun
Severe liver disease is the 12th leading cause of death in the USA, with organ transplantation often being the only viable option for treatment. However, due to the shortage of viable donor livers, it is estimated that over 1200 patients died in 2015 while waiting for liver transplantation. This highlights the need for alternative sources of viable organs. In this study, we describe a method that provides the groundwork for the development of functional liver grafts. The approach described here is for removal of cells from intact livers and subsequently repopulating them with functional liver cells...
July 23, 2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717194/rapid-production-of-human-liver-scaffolds-for-functional-tissue-engineering-by-high-shear-stress-oscillation-decellularization
#14
Giuseppe Mazza, Walid Al-Akkad, Andrea Telese, Lisa Longato, Luca Urbani, Benjamin Robinson, Andrew Hall, Kenny Kong, Luca Frenguelli, Giusi Marrone, Oliver Willacy, Mohsen Shaeri, Alan Burns, Massimo Malago, Janet Gilbertson, Nigel Rendell, Kevin Moore, David Hughes, Ioan Notingher, Gavin Jell, Armando Del Rio Hernandez, Paolo De Coppi, Krista Rombouts, Massimo Pinzani
The development of human liver scaffolds retaining their 3-dimensional structure and extra-cellular matrix (ECM) composition is essential for the advancement of liver tissue engineering. We report the design and validation of a new methodology for the rapid and accurate production of human acellular liver tissue cubes (ALTCs) using normal liver tissue unsuitable for transplantation. The application of high shear stress is a key methodological determinant accelerating the process of tissue decellularization while maintaining ECM protein composition, 3D-architecture and physico-chemical properties of the native tissue...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665233/decellularization-of-whole-human-liver-grafts-using-controlled-perfusion-for-transplantable-organ-bioscaffolds
#15
Monique M A Verstegen, Jorke Willemse, Sjoerd van den Hoek, Gert-Jan Kremers, Theo M Luider, Nick A van Huizen, Francois E J A Willemssen, Herold J Metselaar, Jan N M IJzermans, Luc J W van der Laan, Jeroen de Jonge
Liver transplantation is the only effective treatment for end-stage liver disease, but absolute donor shortage remains a limiting factor. Recent advances in tissue engineering focus on generation of native extracellular matrix (ECM) by decellularized complete livers in animal models. Although proof of concept has been reported for human livers, this study aims to perform whole liver decellularization in a clinically relevant series using controlled machine perfusion. In this study, we describe a mild nondestructive decellularization protocol, effective in 11 discarded human whole liver grafts to generate constructs that reliably maintain hepatic architecture and ECM components using machine perfusion, while completely removing cellular DNA and RNA...
September 15, 2017: Stem Cells and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600910/dried-human-skin-fibroblasts-as-a-new-substratum-for-functional-culture-of-hepatic-cells
#16
Agnieszka Wencel, Karolina Ewa Zakrzewska, Anna Samluk, Bartłomiej Henryk Noszczyk, Dorota Genowefa Pijanowska, Krzysztof Dariusz Pluta
The primary hepatocytes culture is still one of the main challenges in toxicology studies in the drug discovery process, development of in vitro models to study liver function, and cell-based therapies. Isolated hepatocytes display a rapid decline in viability and liver-specific functions including albumin production, conversion of ammonia to urea, and activity of the drug metabolizing enzymes. A number of methods have been developed in order to maintain hepatocytes in their highly differentiated state in vitro...
2017: Acta Biochimica Polonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556592/the-effect-of-riboflavin-uva-cross-linking-on-anti-degeneration-and-promoting-angiogenic-capability-of-decellularized-liver-matrix
#17
Junxi Xiang, Peng Liu, Xinglong Zheng, Dinghui Dong, Shujuan Fan, Jian Dong, Xufeng Zhang, Xuemin Liu, Bo Wang, Yi Lv
Weak mechanical property and unstable degradation rate limited the application of decellularized liver matrix in tissue engineering. The aim of this study was to explore a new method for improving the mechanical properties, anti-degeneration and angiogenic capability of decellularized liver matrix. This was achieved by a novel approach using riboflavin/ultraviolet A treatment to induce collagen cross-linking of decellularized matrix. Histological staining and scanning electron microscope showed that the diameter of cross-linked fibers significantly increased compared with the control group...
May 27, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543403/decellularized-human-liver-is-too-heterogeneous-for-designing-a-generic-extracellular-matrix-mimic-hepatic-scaffold
#18
Giorgio Mattei, Chiara Magliaro, Andrea Pirone, Arti Ahluwalia
Decellularized human livers are considered the perfect extracellular matrix (ECM) surrogate because both three-dimensional architecture and biological features of the hepatic microenvironment are thought to be preserved. However, donor human livers are in chronically short supply, both for transplantation or as decellularized scaffolds, and will become even scarcer as life expectancy increases. It is hence of interest to determine the structural and biochemical properties of human hepatic ECM to derive design criteria for engineering biomimetic scaffolds...
May 23, 2017: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510115/application-of-decellularized-tissue-scaffolds-in-ovarian-tissue-transplantation
#19
Enes Taylan, Kutluk Oktay
In tissue engineering, decellularized scaffolds have been proved to have remarkable capacity to promote regeneration in various organs such as kidney, heart, lung, and liver. Marrying the field of cryobiology and reproductive medicine resulted in considerable progress and breakthroughs, which led to the emergence of ovarian tissue cryopreservation and transplantation as a promising option for fertility preservation. Here we describe an innovative application of decellularized tissue scaffolds as a regenerative platform for reconstruction of ovarian grafts for auto-transplantation...
May 17, 2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463580/-tissue-specific-extracellular-matrix-enhances-skeletal-muscle-precursor-cell-expansion-and-differentiation-for-potential-application-in-cell-therapy
#20
Deying Zhang, Yong Zhang, Yuanyuan Zhang, Hualin Yi, Zhan Wang, Rongpei Wu, Dawei He, Guanghui Wei, Shicheng Wei, Yun Hu, Junhong Deng, Tracy Criswell, James Yoo, Yu Zhou, Anthony Atala
Skeletal muscle precursor cells (MPCs) are considered a key candidate for cell therapy in the treatment of skeletal muscle dysfunction due to injury, disease, or age. However, expansion of a sufficient number of functional skeletal muscle cells in vitro from a small tissue biopsy has been challenging due to changes in phenotypic expression of these cells under traditional culture conditions. Thus, the aim of the study was to develop a better culture system for the expansion and myo-differentiation of MPCs that could further be used for therapy...
August 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
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