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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908461/the-vato-project-an-original-methodology-to-study-the-transfer-of-tritium-as-ht-and-hto-in-grassland-ecosystem
#1
D Maro, F Vermorel, M Rozet, C Aulagnier, D Hébert, S Le Dizès, C Voiseux, L Solier, C Cossonnet, C Godinot, B Fiévet, P Laguionie, O Connan, O Cazimajou, M Morillon, M Lamotte
Tritium ((3)H) is mainly released into the environment by nuclear power plants, military nuclear facilities and nuclear reprocessing plants. The construction of new nuclear facilities in the world as well as the evolution of nuclear fuel management might lead to an increase of (3)H discharges from the nuclear industry. The VATO project was set up by IRSN (Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire) and EDF (Electricité de France) to reduce the uncertainties in the knowledge about transfers of (3)H from an atmospheric source (currently releasing HT and HTO) to a grassland ecosystem...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906292/ultrafast-pulse-generation-in-a-mode-locked-erbium-chip-waveguide-laser
#2
Champak Khurmi, Nicolas Bourbeau Hébert, Wen Qi Zhang, Shahraam Afshar V, George Chen, Jérôme Genest, Tanya M Monro, David G Lancaster
We report mode-locked ~1550 nm output of transform-limited ~180 fs pulses from a large mode-area (diameter ~50 μm) guided-wave erbium fluorozirconate glass laser. The passively mode-locked oscillator generates pulses with 25 nm bandwidth at 156 MHz repetition rate and peak-power of 260 W. Scalability to higher repetition rate is demonstrated by transform-limited 410 fs pulse output at 1.3 GHz. To understand the origins of the broad spectral output, the laser cavity is simulated by using a numerical solution to the Ginzburg-Landau equation...
November 28, 2016: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902562/enhancing-themes-and-strengths-assessment-leveraging-academic-led-qualitative-inquiry-in-community-health-assessment-to-uncover-roots-of-community-health-inequities
#3
Jennifer Hebert-Beirne, Jennifer K Felner, Yvette Castañeda, Sheri Cohen
CONTEXT: Rigorous qualitative research can enhance local health departments' efforts to gain a deeper insight into residents' perceived community health inequities necessary for productive community health assessments (CHAs) and community health improvement plans (CHIPs). OBJECTIVE: The Chicago Department of Public Health and the Partnership for Healthy Chicago used the National Association of County & City Health Officials' Mobilizing for Action through Planning and Partnerships (MAPP) model to conduct its CHA/CHIP, Healthy Chicago 2...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890004/lactic-acid-bacteria-as-cell-factories-for-the-generation-of-bioactive-peptides
#4
Lucía Brown, Esteban Vera Pingitore, Fernanda Mozzi, Lucila Saavedra, Josefina M Villegas, Elvira M Hebert
There is a growing interest in the incorporation of functional foods in the daily diet to achieve health promotion and disease risk reduction. Numerous studies have focused on the production of biologically active peptides as nutraceuticals and functional food ingredients due to their health benefits. These short peptides, displaying antihypertensive, antioxidant, mineral binding, immunomodulatory and antimicrobial activities are hidden in a latent state within the primary sequences of food proteins requiring enzymatic proteolysis for their release...
November 23, 2016: Protein and Peptide Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889052/types-of-oral-contraceptives-and-breast-cancer-survival-among-women-enrolled-in-medicaid-a-competing-risk-model
#5
Marsha E Samson, Swann Arp Adams, Caroline M Mulatya, Jiajia Zhang, Charles L Bennett, James Hebert, Susan E Steck
INTRODUCTION: Oral contraceptive pills have been implicated in the pathophysiology of breast cancer. Although many studies have examined the relationship between combined oral contraceptives (COCs) and breast cancer, there is a paucity of literature that discusses progestin-only oral contraceptives (POCs) and breast cancer. The purpose of this investigation is to examine potential associations between different types of oral contraceptives and breast cancer mortality in the South Carolina Medicaid population among different racial/ethnic groups...
January 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888148/a-pilot-study-of-a-multimodal-treatment-paradigm-to-accelerate-drug-evaluations-in-early-stage-metastatic-prostate-cancer
#6
Matthew J O'Shaughnessy, Sean M McBride, Hebert Alberto Vargas, Karim A Touijer, Michael J Morris, Daniel C Danila, Vincent P Laudone, Bernard H Bochner, Joel Sheinfeld, Erica S Dayan, Lawrence P Bellomo, Daniel D Sjoberg, Glenn Heller, Michael J Zelefsky, James A Eastham, Peter T Scardino, Howard I Scher
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a multimodal strategy aimed at treating all sites of disease that provides a rapid readout of success or failure in men presenting with noncastrate metastatic prostate cancers that are incurable with single modality therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty selected men with oligometastatic M1a (extrapelvic nodal disease) or M1b (bone disease) at diagnosis were treated using a multimodal approach that included androgen deprivation, radical prostatectomy plus pelvic lymphadenectomy (retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy in the presence of clinically positive retroperitoneal nodes), and stereotactic body radiotherapy to osseous disease and/or the primary site...
November 22, 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887991/vcp-p97-regulates-%C3%AE-2ar-quality-control-during-receptor-biosynthesis
#7
Richard Wargachuk, Irina Glazkova, Nicolas Audet, Darlaine Pétrin, Phan Trieu, Terence E Hébert
GPCRs form signalling complexes with other receptors as part of dimers, G proteins and effector partners. A proteomic screen to identify proteins that associate with the β2-adrenergic receptor (β2AR) identified many of components of the Endoplasmic-Reticulum-Associated Degradation (ERAD) quality control system [1], including the valosin-containing protein (VCP/p97). Here, we validated the interaction of VCP with co-expressed FLAG-β2AR, demonstrating, using an inducible expression system, that the interaction of FLAG-β2AR and VCP is not an artifact of overexpression of the β2AR per se...
November 22, 2016: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885348/should-prophylactic-anticoagulation-be-considered-with-large-uterine-leiomyoma-a-case-series-and-literature-review
#8
Mohamed A Satti, Carmen Paredes Saenz, Rubin Raju, Sierra Cuthpert, Abed Kanzy, Sina Abhari, John Hebert Iii, Frederico G Rocha
Introduction. Uterine leiomyomas, also called uterine fibroids or myomas, are the most common pelvic tumors in women. They are very rarely the cause of acute complications. However, when complications occur they cause significant morbidity and mortality. Thromboembolic disease has been described as a rare complication of uterine leiomyomas. DVT is a serious illness, sometimes causing death due to acute PE. Cases. We report a case series of 3 patients with thromboembolic disease associated with uterine leiomyoma at Hurley Medical Center, Flint, Michigan, during 2015 and conduct a literature review on the topic...
2016: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884246/anticoagulant-related-nephropathy-is-an-aki-elephant-hiding-in-plain-view
#9
EDITORIAL
Sergey V Brodsky, Lee A Hebert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881548/draft-genome-sequence-of-lactobacillus-plantarum-tl2766-a-strain-with-the-ability-to-ferment-wakame
#10
Julio Villena, Lucila Saavedra, Elvira Maria Hebert, Yuki Masumizu, Nana Sato, A K M Humayun Kober, Leonardo Albarracin, Wakako Ikeda-Ohtsubo, Seiya Makino, Katsunori Kimura, Sou Ohkawara, Haruki Kitazawa
The genome sequence of Lactobacillus plantarum TL2766, a strain with the ability to ferment wakame (Undaria pinnatifida), is described here. The reads were assembled into contigs, with a total size of 3,310,195 bp. The genome information will be useful for further specific genetic studies of this strain and for its biotechnological applications.
November 23, 2016: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878970/association-between-the-dietary-inflammatory-index-dii-and-telomere-length-and-c-reactive-protein-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-1999-2002
#11
Nitin Shivappa, Michael D Wirth, Thomas G Hurley, James R Hébert
BACKGROUND: Leukocyte telomere length (LTL) is an important biomarker of aging. This study examined whether inflammatory potential of diet, as measured by the Dietary Inflammatory Index(TM) (DII) has an impact on telomere shortening in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). We also carried out validation of the DII with C-reactive protein (CRP). METHODS: Data came from NHANES 1999-2002. LTL and CRP were assayed from leukocyte DNA and serum specimens, respectively...
November 22, 2016: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878861/eus-guided-biopsy-using-a-franseen-needle-design-an-initial-assessment
#12
Ji Young Bang, Shantel Hebert-Magee, Muhammad K Hasan, Udayakumar Navaneethan, Robert Hawes, Shyam Varadarajulu
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Recently, a 22 gauge (G) needle with a Franseen tip design was developed for EUS-guided fine needle biopsy (EUS-FNB). This study evaluated the performance of the Franseen biopsy needle in EUS-guided tissue acquisition. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of patients who underwent EUS-FNB using the Franseen needle. Lesions were sampled either using only the Franseen needle or after failed diagnostic fine needle aspiration (FNA). After rapid onsite evaluation (ROSE), two dedicated passes were performed for histological assessment using the cell block technique...
November 23, 2016: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872091/macrophage-secreted-tnf%C3%AE-and-tgf%C3%AE-1-influence-migration-speed-and-persistence-of-cancer-cells-in-3d-tissue-culture-via-independent-pathways
#13
Ran Li, Jess D Hebert, Tara A Lee, Hao Xing, Alexandra Boussommier-Calleja, Richard O Hynes, Douglas A Lauffenburger, Roger D Kamm
The ability of a cancer cell to migrate through the dense extracellular matrix (ECM) within and surrounding the solid tumor is a critical determinant of metastasis. Macrophages enhance invasion and metastasis in the tumor microenvironment but the basis for their effects are not fully understood. Using a microfluidic 3D cell migration assay, we found that the presence of macrophages enhanced the speed and persistence of cancer cell migration through a 3D extracellular matrix in a matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-dependent fashion...
November 21, 2016: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870868/exploring-canadian-echinoderm-diversity-through-dna-barcodes
#14
Kara K S Layton, Erin A Corstorphine, Paul D N Hebert
DNA barcoding has proven an effective tool for species identification in varied groups of marine invertebrates including crustaceans, molluscs, polychaetes and echinoderms. In this study, we further validate its utility by analyzing almost half of the 300 species of Echinodermata known from Canadian waters. COI sequences from 999 specimens were assigned to 145 BINs. In most cases, species discrimination was straightforward due to the large difference (25-fold) between mean intra- (0.48%) and inter- (12.0%) specific divergence...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870807/back-pain-prevalence-is-associated-with-curve-type-and-severity-in-adolescents-with-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Jean Théroux, Sylvie Le May, Jeffrey J Hebert, Hubert Labelle
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. OBJECTIVES: To investigate spinal pain prevalence in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), and to explore associations between pain intensity and pain-related disability with scoliosis site, severity and spinal bracing. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The causal link between spinal pain and AIS remains unclear. Spinal asymmetry has been recognized as a back pain risk factor, which is a known cause of care-seeking in adolescents...
November 18, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869717/inflammatory-properties-of-diet-and-glucose-insulin-homeostasis-in-a-cohort-of-iranian-adults
#16
Nazanin Moslehi, Behnaz Ehsani, Parvin Mirmiran, Nitin Shivappa, Maryam Tohidi, James R Hébert, Fereidoun Azizi
We aimed to investigate associations of the dietary inflammatory index (DII) with glucose-insulin homeostasis markers, and the risk of glucose intolerance. This cross-sectional study included 2975 adults from the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study. Fasting plasma glucose (FPG), 2-h post-load glucose (2h-PG), and fasting serum insulin were measured. Homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) and β-cell function (HOMA-B), and the quantitative insulin sensitivity check index (QUICKI) were calculated...
November 18, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867909/prostate-cancer-screening-a-brief-tool-to-incorporate-patient-preferences-in-a-clinical-encounter
#17
Anita D Misra-Hebert, Michael W Kattan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865615/association-between-the-dietary-inflammatory-index-waist-to-hip-ratio-and-metabolic-syndrome
#18
Alexis Sokol, Michael D Wirth, Marta Manczuk, Nitin Shivappa, Katarzyna Zatonska, Thomas G Hurley, James R Hébert
Inflammation due to poor diet may contribute to the development of metabolic syndrome (MetSyn). The Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII) was created to characterize diet on a scale from anti- to pro-inflammatory. Our hypothesis was that higher (i.e., more pro-inflammatory) DII scores are associated with an increased prevalence of MetSyn compared to those with lower (i.e., more anti-inflammatory) DII scores. Data from the Polish-Norwegian (PONS) Study were analyzed using logistic and linear regression procedures in SAS (version 9...
April 19, 2016: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865444/the-prospective-association-of-organized-sports-participation-with-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-children-the-champs-study-dk
#19
Jeffrey J Hebert, Heidi Klakk, Niels Christian Møller, Anders Grøntved, Lars Bo Andersen, Niels Wedderkopp
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prospective association of organized leisure-time sports participation with cardiovascular risk in children. METHODS: Students were recruited from 10 public primary schools. From July 2009 to October 2010, parents reported children's weekly organized leisure-time sports participation via text messaging. Clustered cardiovascular risk was estimated with a composite score comprising fasting serum triglyceride levels, homeostasis assessment model-estimated insulin resistance, total to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio, and systolic blood pressure...
November 15, 2016: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860455/papaverine-sensitive-phosphodiesterase-activity-is-measured-in-bovine-spermatozoa
#20
A Bergeron, A Hébert, C Guillemette, A Laroche, M-P Poulin, J P Aragon, P Leclerc, R Sullivan, P Blondin, C Vigneault, F J Richard
Cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) plays a crucial role as a signaling molecule for capacitation, motility, and acrosome reaction in mammalian spermatozoa. It is well-known that cAMP degradation by phosphodiesterase (PDE) enzyme has a major impact on sperm functions. This study was undertaken to characterize cAMP-PDE activity in bovine spermatozoa. Total cAMP-PDE activity in cauda epididymal and ejaculated spermatozoa was 543.2 ± 49.5 and 1252.6 ± 86.5 fmoles/min/10(6) spermatozoa, respectively. Using different family-specific PDE inhibitors, we showed that in cauda epididymal and ejaculated spermatozoa, the major cAMP-PDE activity was papaverine-sensitive (44...
November 16, 2016: Andrology
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