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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231745/persistence-of-social-jetlag-and-sleep-disruption-in-healthy-young-adults
#1
Daria M McMahon, James B Burch, Michael D Wirth, Shawn D Youngstedt, James W Hardin, Thomas G Hurley, Steven N Blair, Gregory A Hand, Robin P Shook, Clemens Drenowatz, Stephanie Burgess, James R Hebert
Sleep disruption has been associated with increased risks for several major chronic diseases that develop over decades. Differences in sleep/wake timing between work and free days can result in the development of social jetlag (SJL), a chronic misalignment between a person's preferred sleep/wake schedule and sleep/wake timing imposed by his/her work schedule. Only a few studies have examined the persistence of SJL or sleep disruption over time. This prospective investigation examined SJL and sleep characteristics over a 2-year period to evaluate whether SJL or poor sleep were chronic conditions during the study period...
December 12, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231198/prostate-cancer-in-2017-advances-in-imaging
#2
Andreas G Wibmer, Hebert Alberto Vargas, Hedvig Hricak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2017: Nature Reviews. Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229171/special-considerations-in-pediatric-kidney-transplantation
#3
REVIEW
Sean A Hebert, Rita D Swinford, David R Hall, Jason K Au, John S Bynon
Universally accepted as the treatment of choice for children needing renal replacement therapy, kidney transplantation affords children the opportunity for an improved quality of life over dialysis therapy. Immunologic and surgical advances over the last 15 years have improved the pediatric patient and kidney graft survival. Unique to pediatrics, congenital genitourinary anomalies are the most common primary diseases leading to kidney failure, many with urological issues. Early urological evaluation for post-transplant bladder dysfunction and emphasis on immunization adherence are the mainstays of pediatric pretransplant and post-transplant evaluations...
November 2017: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227838/financial-strain-indirectly-influences-smoking-cessation-through-withdrawal-symptom-severity
#4
Darla E Kendzor, Michael S Businelle, Aaron F Waters, Summer G Frank, Emily T Hébert
BACKGROUND: Financial strain has an adverse impact on smoking cessation. However, the mechanisms through which financial strain influences cessation remain unclear. The purpose of the current study was to determine whether financial strain indirectly influenced smoking cessation through withdrawal symptom severity. METHODS: Participants (N=139) were primarily Black (63.3%) and female (57.6%) adults enrolled in a smoking cessation program at a safety-net hospital...
December 8, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225898/a-survey-of-current-practices-and-influences-on-the-choice-of-suture-material-pattern-and-size-used-in-commonly-performed-procedures-in-uk-small-animal-veterinary-practice
#5
Elinor Jo Field, Suzanna Hebert, Ed J Friend, Kevin J Parsons
Objectives: A survey of UK veterinarians was conducted to determine factors influencing suture choice and current suture practice for common surgical procedures. Methods: An online survey was designed and the survey was sent to central practice emails obtained from the 2011 Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons (RCVS) practice database. Results: Two hundred and thirty-nine surveys were completed (203 with no additional postgraduate qualifications (NAQ), 16 with RCVS certificates and 19 with diplomas)...
2017: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221943/religious-hospital-policies-on-reproductive-care-what-do-patients-want-to-know
#6
Lori R Freedman, Luciana E Hebert, Molly F Battistelli, Debra B Stulberg
BACKGROUND: Religious hospitals are a large and growing part of the American healthcare system. Patients who receive obstetric and other reproductive care in religious hospitals may face religiously-based restrictions on the treatment their doctor can provide. Little is known about patients' knowledge or preferences regarding religiously restricted reproductive healthcare. OBJECTIVE(S): We aimed to assess women's preferences for knowing a hospital's religion and religiously-based restrictions before deciding where to seek care and the acceptability of a hospital denying miscarriage treatment options for religious reasons, with and without informing the patient that other options may be available...
December 5, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220506/a-molecular-portrait-of-de-novo-genes-in-yeasts
#7
Nikolaos N Vakirlis, Alex S Hebert, Dana A Opulente, Guillaume Achaz, Chris Todd Hittinger, Gilles Fischer, Joshua J Coon, Ingrid Lafontaine
New genes, with novel protein functions, can evolve "from scratch" out of intergenic sequences. These de novo genes can integrate the cell's genetic network and drive important phenotypic innovations. Therefore, identifying de novo genes and understanding how the transition from noncoding to coding occurs are key problems in evolutionary biology. However, identifying de novo genes is a difficult task, hampered by the presence of remote homologs, fast evolving sequences and erroneously annotated protein coding genes...
December 6, 2017: Molecular Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217263/the-dietary-inflammatory-index-is-associated-with-elevated-white-blood-cell-counts-in-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#8
Michael D Wirth, Maria Sevoyan, Lorne Hofseth, Nitin Shivappa, Thomas G Hurley, James R Hébert
White blood cells (WBCs) are considered a reliable biomarker of inflammation. Elevations in both WBCs and pro-inflammatory cytokines are associated with several chronic conditions. Diet is a strong moderator of inflammation and WBCs. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII®) and WBCs using data from the United States National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). NHANES is a cross-sectional study that occurs in two-year cycles. Respondents from five cycles (n=26,046) with available data on diet (collected through a single 24-hour dietary recall [24HR]) and WBCs (derived using the Coulter method) were included...
December 4, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217099/proinflammatory-diets-during-pregnancy-and-neonatal-adiposity-in-the-healthy-start-study
#9
Brianna F Moore, Katherine A Sauder, Anne P Starling, James R Hébert, Nitin Shivappa, Brandy M Ringham, Deborah H Glueck, Dana Dabelea
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between dietary inflammatory index (DII) scores during pregnancy and neonatal adiposity. STUDY DESIGN: The analysis included 1078 mother-neonate pairs in Healthy Start, a prospective prebirth cohort. Diet was assessed using repeated 24-hour dietary recalls. DII scores were obtained by summing nutrient intakes, which were standardized to global means and multiplied by inflammatory effect scores. Air displacement plethysmography measured fat mass and fat-free mass within 72 hours of birth...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209774/the-relationship-between-the-dietary-inflammatory-index-and-prevalence-of-radiographic-symptomatic-osteoarthritis-data-from-the-osteoarthritis-initiative
#10
Nicola Veronese, Nitin Shivappa, Brendon Stubbs, Toby Smith, James R Hébert, Cyrus Cooper, Giuseppe Guglielmi, Jean-Yves Reginster, Renè Rizzoli, Stefania Maggi
PURPOSE: To investigate whether higher dietary inflammatory index (DII®) scores were associated with higher prevalence of radiographic symptomatic knee osteoarthritis in a large cohort of North American people from the Osteoarthritis Initiative database. METHODS: A total of 4358 community-dwelling participants (2527 females; mean age 61.2 years) from the Osteoarthritis Initiative were identified. DII® scores were calculated using the validated Block Brief 2000 Food-Frequency Questionnaire and scores were categorized into quartiles...
December 5, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198567/conserved-lipid-and-small-molecule-modulation-of-coq8-reveals-regulation-of-the-ancient-kinase-like-ubib-family
#11
Andrew G Reidenbach, Zachary A Kemmerer, Deniz Aydin, Adam Jochem, Molly T McDevitt, Paul D Hutchins, Jaime L Stark, Jonathan A Stefely, Thiru Reddy, Alex S Hebert, Emily M Wilkerson, Isabel E Johnson, Craig A Bingman, John L Markley, Joshua J Coon, Matteo Dal Peraro, David J Pagliarini
Human COQ8A (ADCK3) and Saccharomyces cerevisiae Coq8p (collectively COQ8) are UbiB family proteins essential for mitochondrial coenzyme Q (CoQ) biosynthesis. However, the biochemical activity of COQ8 and its direct role in CoQ production remain unclear, in part due to lack of known endogenous regulators of COQ8 function and of effective small molecules for probing its activity in vivo. Here, we demonstrate that COQ8 possesses evolutionarily conserved ATPase activity that is activated by binding to membranes containing cardiolipin and by phenolic compounds that resemble CoQ pathway intermediates...
November 24, 2017: Cell Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196227/scaphoid-fractures-treated-with-a-volar-percutaneous-approach-analysis-and-results-in-92-cases
#12
G Luengo Alonso, V Jiménez Díaz, L Garcia Lamas, M A Porras Moreno, D Cecilia López
OBJECTIVE: Herbert type B1 and B2 scaphoid fractures can be treated by orthopaedic treatment or surgery. The aim of this study is to analyse results and complications of scaphoid waist fractures treated using the percutaneous volar approach. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We present a retrospective study of 92 patients, treated in our institution from 2006 to 2016 using a volar percutaneous fixation. Mean Follow-up was 16 months (range 12-48). Injuries were classified using Hebert's classification, including B1 and B2 fracture types; the other fracture types following this classification system were excluded...
November 28, 2017: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196154/labour-induction-practices-in-france-a-population-based-declarative-survey-in-94-maternity-units
#13
P Blanc-Petitjean, M Salomé, C Dupont, C Crenn-Hebert, A Gaudineau, F Perrotte, P Raynal, E Clouqueur, G Beucher, B Carbonne, F Goffinet, C Le Ray
INTRODUCTION: In 2010, 22.7% of deliveries in France were induced. The current lack of high level of evidence data about the methods and indications for induction of labour has promoted heterogeneous and non-recommended practices. The extent of these different practices is not adequately known in France today, although they may influence perinatal outcomes. The objective of this study was to report current practices of induction of labour in France. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study surveyed 94 maternity units in seven perinatal networks...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195991/molecular-identification-and-technological-characterization-of-lactic-acid-bacteria-isolated-from-fermented-kidney-beans-flours-phaseolus-vulgaris-l-and-p-coccineus-in-northwestern-argentina
#14
Gabriel D Sáez, Elvira M Hébert, Lucila Saavedra, Gabriela Zárate
Legumes are an important protein source in developing countries and their flours represent an attractive alternative for the manufacture of gluten free products. In the present study, 4 kidney bean varieties (Alubia, Pallar, Black and Red beans) commonly cultivated in northwestern Argentina, were milled and spontaneously fermented in order to isolate and select autochthonous lactic acid bacteria (LAB) with relevant technological and functional properties for usage as starter cultures. Twelve doughs were fermented with daily back-slopping at 37°C for 6days and evolution of total mesophiles, lactic acid bacteria, and yeasts and molds populations were followed by plate counting...
December 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189666/validity-of-wearable-activity-monitors-during-cycling-and-resistance-exercise
#15
Benjamin D Boudreaux, Edward P Hebert, Daniel B Hollander, Brian M Williams, Corinne L Cormier, Mildred R Naquin, Wynn W Gillan, Emily E Gusew, Robert R Kraemer
INTRODUCTION: The use of wearable activity monitors has seen rapid growth; however, the mode and intensity of exercise could affect validity of heart rate (HR) and caloric (energy) expenditure (EE) readings. There is a lack of data regarding the validity of wearable activity monitors during graded cycling regimen and a standard resistance exercise. The present study determined the validity of eight monitors for HR compared to an ECG and seven monitors for EE compared to a metabolic analyzer during graded cycling and resistance exercise...
November 7, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182891/accelerating-research-collaborations-between-academia-and-federally-qualified-health-centers-suggestions-shaped-by-history
#16
James R Hébert, Swann Arp Adams, John R Ureda, Vicki M Young, Heather M Brandt, Sue P Heiney, Jessica S Seel, Daniela B Friedman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171097/usefulness-of-left-ventricular-strain-analysis-in-patients-with-takotsubo-syndrome-during-acute-phase
#17
Andre Dias, Emiliana Franco, Manolo Rubio, Vikas Bhalla, Gregg S Pressman, Sarah Amanullah, Kathy Hebert, Vincent M Figueredo
BACKGROUND: Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) is peculiar clinical condition often resembling an acute coronary syndrome and mostly affecting postmenopausal women after a stressful trigger. TTS was initially thought to be a relatively benign condition. However, current data have shown it may be associated with considerable inpatient morbidity and carry a small, but important, mortality risk. METHODS: We hypothesized that left ventricular (LV) regional and global longitudinal strain (GLS) assessed with 2D speckle tracking echocardiography could identify early systolic functional impairment and predict in-hospital cardiovascular events...
November 24, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169715/-perinatal-care-for-extremely-preterm-infants-considerations-of-the-risks-in-pregnancy-department
#18
P-H Jarreau, L Allal, F Autret, E Azria, O Anselem, L Boujenah, C Crenn-Hebert, L Desfrere, G Girard, F Goffinet, C Huon, G Kayem, M-C Lamau, H Legardeur, D Luton, S Menard, J Patkai, M Rajguru-Kasemi, V Tessier
Decisions regarding whether to initiate or forgo intensive care for extremely premature infants are often based on gestational age alone. However, other factors also affect the prognosis for these patients and must be taken into account. After a short review of these factors, we present the thoughts and proposals of the Risks and Pregnancy department. The proposals are to limit emergency decisions, to better take into account other factors than gestational age and prenatal predicted fetal weight in assessing the prognosis, to introduce multidisciplinary consultation in the evaluation and proposals that will be discussed with the parents, and to separate prenatal steroid therapy from decision-making regarding whether or not to administer intensive care...
November 20, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166923/childhood-takayasu-arteritis-disease-course-and-response-to-therapy
#19
Florence A Aeschlimann, Simon W M Eng, Shehla Sheikh, Ronald M Laxer, Diane Hebert, Damien Noone, Marinka Twilt, Christian Pagnoux, Susanne M Benseler, Rae S M Yeung
BACKGROUND: Takayasu arteritis (TAK) is a large vessel vasculitis that rarely affects children. Data on childhood TAK are scarce. The aim of this study was to analyze the presenting features, course and outcome of children with TAK, compare efficacy of treatment regimens and identify high-risk factors for adverse outcome. METHODS: A single-center cohort study of consecutive children fulfilling the EULAR/PRINTO/PReS criteria for childhood TAK between 1986 and 2015 was performed...
November 22, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166640/lactic-acid-bacteria-from-andean-grain-amaranth-a-source-of-vitamins-and-functional-value-enzymes
#20
Silvana L Carrizo, Cecilia E Montes de Oca, María Elvira Hébert, Lucila Saavedra, Graciela Vignolo, Jean Guy LeBlanc, Graciela Celestina Rollán
Amaranth is a rediscovered pseudocereal with high nutritional properties. Lactic acid fermentation can increase the functional and nutritional value of foods. The aims of this study were to isolate and evaluate the functionality of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) from amaranth. LAB strains (n = 29) isolated from amaranth sourdough and grains included Lactobacillus (L.) plantarum (n = 8), L. rhamnosus (n = 6), Enterococcus (E.) mundtii (n = 4), E. hermanniensis (n = 3), E. durans (n = 1), Enterococcus sp. (n = 1), Leuconostoc (Lc...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology
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