Read by QxMD icon Read

systematic reviews

Daniel Panchik, Sarah Masco, Patrice Zinnikas, Brooke Hillriegel, Tori Lauder, Erica Suttmann, Vernon Chinchilli, Maureen McBeth, William Hermann
BACKGROUND:  Breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL) affects many areas of daily living. Individuals with lymphedema may experience chronic and progressive swelling, recurrent skin infections, and decreased self-image and quality of life. For many years, it was considered best practice for this population to avoid exercise; however, in recent years, research has begun to challenge this belief. This systematic review and meta-analyses examined the recent literature on the effects of exercise for patients with, or at risk for, BCRL to inform best practice...
June 23, 2018: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
S Nematollahi, E Ayubi, A Almasi-Hashiani, K Mansori, Y Moradi, Y Veisani, E Jenabi, B Gholamaliei, S Khazaei
OBJECTIVES: Determination of the true burden of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection among high-risk groups relies heavily on occurrence measures such as prevalence, which are vital for implementation of preventive action plans. Nevertheless, up-to-date data on the prevalence of HCV infection remain scarce in Iran. This study aimed to review the relevant literature systematically and determine the pooled prevalence of HCV infection among high-risk groups in Iran. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review & meta-analysis...
June 20, 2018: Public Health
Shevaugn Johnson, Paul Williamson, Tracey D Wade
This systematic review and meta-analysis examined the evidence supporting the association between body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) symptomology and four types of cognitive processing abnormalities: local processing, selective attention, interpretive biases, and memory deficits. Twenty-three studies met inclusion requirements that examined differences in performance on cognitive tasks between BDD and control groups across the four categories. Multilevel modelling was used to calculate an overall effect size for each cognitive category...
May 30, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
Xu Jianping, Wei Kunhua, Zhang Guojun, Lei Lujing, Yang Dawei, Wang Wenle, Han Qiheng, Xia Yuan, Bi Yaqiong, Yang Min, Li Minhui
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The genus Salvia is one of the largest genera of the Lamiaceae family. In China, about 40 Salvia species have been used as medicinal plants for treatment of various diseases, specifically hepatic and renal diseases and those of the cardiovascular and immune systems. AIM OF THIS REVIEW: This review aims to provide systematically organized information on the ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, pharmacology, and toxicology of medicinal Salvia species in China to support their therapeutic potential in the treatment of human diseases...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Laurent Peyrin-Biroulet, Silvio Danese, Marjorie Argollo, Lieven Pouillon, Spyros Peppas, Marien Gonzalez-Lorenzo, Theodore Lytras, Stefanos Bonovas
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Vedolizumab is effective and safe for the treatment of Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). Little is known about the incidence rate of loss of response to vedolizumab maintenance therapy or whether dose intensification restores response to this drug. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Scopus and conference abstracts (Digestive Disease Week, European Crohn's and Colitis Organization, and United European Gastroenterology Week), through December 2017, for experimental or observational cohort studies of vedolizumab use in adult patients with CD or UC; we identified studies that provided sufficient data to determine the incidence rate of loss of response among initial responders and the ability of dose intensification to restore response...
June 20, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Ana Simões, Francisco Veiga, Carla Vitorino, Ana Figueiras
The pharmaceutical industry has entered in a new era, as there is a growing interest in increasing the quality standards of dosage forms, through the implementation of more structured development and manufacturing approaches. For many decades, the manufacturing of drug products was controlled by a regulatory framework to guarantee the quality of the final product through a fixed process and exhaustive testing. Limitations related to the Quality by Test (QbT) system have been widely acknowledged. The emergence of Quality by Design (QbD) as a systematic and risk-based approach introduced a new quality concept based on a good understanding of how raw materials and process parameters influence the final quality profile...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Yuqing Tian, Wei Xu, Wenli Zhang, Tao Zhang, Cuie Guang, Wanmeng Mu
Amylosucrase (EC, ASase), an outstanding sucrose-utilizing transglucosylase in the glycoside hydrolase family 13, can produce glucans with only α-1,4 linkages. Generally, on account of a double-displacement mechanism, ASase can catalyze polymerization, isomerization, and hydrolysis reactions with sucrose as the sole substrate, and has transglycosylation capacity to attach glucose molecules from sucrose to extra glycosyl acceptors. Based on extensive enzymology research, this review presents the characteristics of various ASases, including their microbial metabolism, preparation, and enzymatic properties, and exhibits structure-based strategies in the improvement of activity, specificity, and thermostability...
June 20, 2018: Biotechnology Advances
Amin Mousavi Khaneghah, Yadolah Fakhri, Susan Raeisi, Bahram Armoon, Anderson S Sant'Ana
This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and concentration of total aflatoxin (TAF) ochratoxin A (OTA), zearalenone (ZEN) and deoxynivalenol (DON) in bread, cornflakes, breakfast cereals and pasta-based products through meta-analysis. The required databases including (PubMed and Scopus databases) were investigated to collect data on the concentration and prevalence of mentioned mycotoxins in cereal-based products. Among 2461 explored articles in identification step, 38 articles with 9627 samples were included in the conducted meta-analysis...
June 20, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Alessandro Mantovani, Marco Dauriz, Christopher D Byrne, Amedeo Lonardo, Giacomo Zoppini, Enzo Bonora, Giovanni Targher
BACKGROUND: It is currently uncertain whether non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is associated with an increased risk of colorectal tumours. We performed a meta-analysis of relevant observational studies to quantify the magnitude of the association between NAFLD and risk of colorectal adenomas and cancer. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science from January 2000 to November 2017 using pre-defined keywords to identify observational studies of asymptomatic adults undergoing screening colonoscopy, in which NAFLD was diagnosed by imaging or histology...
June 20, 2018: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
Julie Lasselin, Mats Lekander, John Axelsson, Bianka Karshikoff
Human models demonstrate that experimental activation of the innate immune system has profound effects on brain activation and behavior, inducing fatigue, worsened mood and pain sensitivity. It has been proposed that inflammation is a mechanism involved in the etiology and maintenance of depression, chronic pain and long-term fatigue. These diseases show a strong female overrepresentation, suggesting that a better understanding of sex differences in how inflammation drives behavior could help the development of individualized treatment interventions...
June 20, 2018: Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology
Edwine Barasa, Rahab Mbau, Lucy Gilson
BACKGROUND: Recent health system shocks such as the Ebola outbreak of 2014-2016 and the global financial crisis of 2008 have generated global health interest in the concept of resilience. The concept is however not new, and has been applied to other sectors for a longer period of time. We conducted a review of empirical literature from both the health and other sectors to synthesize evidence on organizational resilience. METHODS: We systematically searched for literature in PubMed, Econlit, EBSCOHOST databases, google, and Google Scholar and manually searched the reference lists of selected papers...
February 6, 2018: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
Milad Azami, G Holamreza Badfar, Akram Mansouri, Mohammad Hossein Yekta Kooshali, Wesam Kooti, Zeinab Tardeh, Ali Soleymani, S Hamsi Abbasalizadeh
Several studies have been conducted regarding the prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis, Mycoplasma hominis, and Ureaplasma urealyticum in pregnant Iranian women. However, it is necessary to combine the previous results to present a general assessment. We conducted the present study based on systematic review and meta-analysis studies according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA). We searched the national and international online databases of MagIran, IranMedex, SID, MedLib, IranDoc, Scopus, PubMed, ISI Web of Knowledge, and Google Scholar search engine for certain MeSH keywords until June 16, 2017...
June 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
Martin McMahon, Chris Hatton, Simon Alberici
This paper outlines the inter-professional collaboration of the authors, a PhD student, his supervisor and an information professional, to systematically search the literature for an ill-defined concept. The research question posed for the scoping literature review indicated that the topic, the subjective socio-economic status and health of adults with intellectual disabilities, was rare. The need for a methodological search process was therefore identified and successfully carried out. The paper presents an analysis of the processes and the collaboration involved in developing a successful search strategy...
June 22, 2018: Health Information and Libraries Journal
Haley Jackson, John Baker, Kathyrn Berzins
Mental health policy stipulates seclusion should only be used as an intervention of last resort and for the minimum possible duration. Current evidence details which service users are more likely to be secluded, why they are secluded, and what influences the decision to seclude them. However, very little is known about the decision to release service users from seclusion. An integrative review was undertaken to explore the decision-making processes of mental health professionals which guide the ending of seclusion...
June 22, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Yasiru G Karunaratne, Dakshika A Gunaratne, Michael J Veness
BACKGROUND: Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare and aggressive cutaneous neuroendocrine tumor arising on the head and neck in 40%-50% of patients. Between 20% and 40% will harbor subclinical nodal metastasis. METHODS: Using search terms 'Merkel AND sentinel', MEDLINE, PUMED, and EMBASE databases were systematically reviewed for publications regarding sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) in classification I and II MCC of the head and neck. RESULTS: Twenty-nine publications encompassing 136 patients were included...
June 22, 2018: Head & Neck
Dakshika A Gunaratne, Evan A Tseros, Zubair Hasan, Akshay S Kudpaje, Anand Suruliraj, Mark C Smith, Faruque Riffat, Carsten E Palme
BACKGROUND: Cervical necrotizing fasciitis is a progressive soft tissue infection with significant morbidity and mortality. METHODS: A case review of cervical necrotizing fasciitis managed at our institution (2007-2017) and a systematic review of PubMed, MEDLINE, and EMBASE databases using the algorithm "(cervical OR neck) AND necrotizing fasciitis." RESULTS: There were 1235 cases from 207 articles which were included in our clinical review...
June 22, 2018: Head & Neck
Babikir Kheiri, Mohammed Osman, Ahmed Abdalla, Tarek Haykal, Mahmoud Barbarawi, Yazan Zayed, Michael Hicks, Sahar Ahmed, Ghassan Bachuwa, Mustafa Hassan, Deepak L Bhatt
Dual antiplatelet therapy with aspirin and clopidogrel are recommended as adjuncts to fibrinolytic-treated patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, the role of switching to ticagrelor within 24 h of fibrinolytics compared with clopidogrel continuation in this setting is uncertain. Hence, we conducted a comprehensive search of electronic databases for all randomized clinical trials (RCTs) that evaluated the safety and efficacy of ticagrelor versus clopidogrel after fibrinolytic therapy in patients with STEMI...
June 22, 2018: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
Alejandra Maldonado, Oliver Laugisch, Walter Bürgin, Anton Sculean, Sigrun Eick
BACKGROUND: Considering the increasing number of elderly people, dementia has gained an important role in today's society. Although the contributing factors for dementia have not been fully understood, chronic periodontitis (CP) seems to have a possible link to dementia. AIM: To conduct a systematic review including meta-analysis in order to assess potential differences in clinical periodontal variables between patients with dementia and non-demented individuals...
June 22, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Giampiero Capobianco, Antonio Azzena, Laura Saderi, Francesco Dessole, Salvatore Dessole, Giovanni Sotgiu
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The aim of the present systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the effectiveness and safety of injections of the new bulking agent Urolastic® in the treatment of patients with stress urinary incontinence (SUI). METHODS: A systematic search was carried out to select observational and experimental studies on Urolastic® in female patients with SUI. Three different databases, Pubmed, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Scopus, were used to retrieve scientific articles published from their inception to 31 January 2018...
June 23, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
Liang-Tseng Kuo, Chi-Lung Chen, Pei-An Yu, Wei-Hsiu Hsu, Ching-Chi Chi, Jae-Chul Yoo
PURPOSE: To investigate whether epinephrine in irrigation fluid improves visual clarity in arthroscopic shoulder surgery. METHODS: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared the surgical outcomes of patients who did and did not receive epinephrine during arthroscopic shoulder surgery. We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, and Embase for relevant RCTs. We used the Cochrane Collaboration's tool to assess the risk of bias and adopted random-effects model meta-analysis to combine data...
June 22, 2018: International Orthopaedics
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"