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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166679/work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-plastic-surgeons-a-systematic-review
#1
Sherise Epstein, Bao N Tran, Avery C Capone, Qing Z Ruan, Bernard T Lee, Dhruv Singhal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2017: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166553/botulinum-toxin-injection-versus-topical-nitrates-for-chronic-anal-fissure-an-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#2
REVIEW
Shaheel M Sahebally, Babak Meshkat, Stewart R Walsh, David Beddy
BACKGROUND: Chronic anal fissures (CAF) are frequently encountered in coloproctology clinics. Chemical sphincterotomy with pharmacological agents is recommended as first-line therapy. Topical nitrates (TN) heal CAF effectively but recurrences are common. An alternative treatment modality is injection of botulinum toxin (BT) into the anal sphincter. We aimed to perform an updated systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the effectiveness of BT and TN in the management of CAF. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane databases were searched for relevant articles from inception until March 2017...
November 22, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166505/anogenital-warts-in-pediatric-population
#3
Miguel Costa-Silva, Inês Fernandes, Acácio Gonçalves Rodrigues, Carmen Lisboa
The approach to children with anogenital warts in the context of sexual abuse is a challenge in clinical practice. This study aims to review the current knowledge of anogenital warts in children, the forms of transmission, and the association with sexual abuse and to propose a cross-sectional approach involving all medical specialties. A systematic review of the literature was conducted in Portuguese and English from January 2000 to June 2016 using the ISI Web of Knowledge and PubMed databases. Children aged 12 years or younger were included...
September 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166440/maternal-complications-and-cesarean-section-without-indication-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Keila Cristina Mascarello, Bernardo Lessa Horta, Mariângela Freitas Silveira
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the risks of severe acute maternal complications associated with cesarean section without medical indication. METHODS: A systematic review was carried out with meta-analysis. The literature search was performed systematically, in multiple stages, in the PubMed, Lilacs, and Web of Science databases using the following descriptors: (postpartum period) and (cesarean section or natural childbirth) and ((morbidity or mortality) or (postpartum hemorrhage) or (puerperal infection) or (surgical infection) or (puerperal disorders))...
2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166422/-unknown-title
#5
P Stokes, J Rimmer
BACKGROUND: Hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) remains a difficult disease for the ENT specialist to manage. Affected patients often report recurrent epistaxis as the most debilitating symptom. The pathogenesis of the disease is due to genetic mutations affecting angiogenesis. For this reason, the anti-angiogenic therapy bevacizumab has gained popularity in the local treatment of epistaxis in patients with HHT. OBJECTIVE: A systematic review of the efficacy of bevacizumab in local treatment of epistaxis in patients with HHT based on epistaxis duration, frequency, severity and impact on quality of life...
November 22, 2017: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166295/nursing-care-of-infants-with-a-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt
#6
Rachel A Joseph, Michaela R Killian, Emily E Brady
BACKGROUND: Infants with congenital or posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus may require a ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt to divert the flow of cerebrospinal fluid, thus preventing increase in intracranial pressure. Knowledge on various aspects of caring for a child with a VP shunt will enable new and experienced nurses to better care for these infants and equip parents for ongoing care at home. PURPOSE: To review the nurses' role in care of infants with hydrocephalus, care after VP shunt placement, prevention of complications, and parental preparation for home care...
November 20, 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166245/evidence-supporting-li-rads-major-features-for-ct-and-mr-imaging-based-diagnosis-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-systematic-review
#7
An Tang, Mustafa R Bashir, Michael T Corwin, Irene Cruite, Christoph F Dietrich, Richard K G Do, Eric C Ehman, Kathryn J Fowler, Hero K Hussain, Reena C Jha, Adib R Karam, Adrija Mamidipalli, Robert M Marks, Donald G Mitchell, Tara A Morgan, Michael A Ohliger, Amol Shah, Kim-Nhien Vu, Claude B Sirlin
The Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI-RADS) standardizes the interpretation, reporting, and data collection for imaging examinations in patients at risk for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). It assigns category codes reflecting relative probability of HCC to imaging-detected liver observations based on major and ancillary imaging features. LI-RADS also includes imaging features suggesting malignancy other than HCC. Supported and endorsed by the American College of Radiology (ACR), the system has been developed by a committee of radiologists, hepatologists, pathologists, surgeons, lexicon experts, and ACR staff, with input from the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the Organ Procurement Transplantation Network/United Network for Organ Sharing...
November 21, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165744/hypothermia-therapy-after-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Lige Leng
The purpose of this article was mainly focus on in patients with TBI, does or not hypothermia improved mortality and/or chance of good neurologic outcome compared with standard of care alone. We performed a comprehensive search strategy. Articles were eliminated in a stepwise fashion. Data from each study was entered in Review Manager (RevMan) software version 5.0 when reported. 7 studies, including 1331 patients confirmed to all selection criteria and were identified. This meta-analysis got all data of 7 articles together to come to a conclusion, besides that, it also carried on a detailed analysis of different classification, trying to outline the possible mechanism...
October 29, 2017: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165683/systematic-review-occupational-illness-in-the-waste-and-recycling-sector
#9
C J M Poole, S Basu
Background: The waste and recycling sector is a growing part of industry. Whether health surveillance is indicated and how it should be undertaken is unclear. Aims: To undertake a review of the literature to identify hazards to health, biological effects and occupational illnesses for workers in the sector. Methods: A systematic review of the published literature and two UK databases. Results: Rates of fatal, non-fatal injuries and self-reported work-related illness were found to be higher in the waste and recycling sector than in UK industry as a whole...
November 20, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165682/the-silencing-of-political-context-in-health-research-in-ethiopia-why-it-should-be-a-concern
#10
Marit Tolo Østebø, Megan D Cogburn, Anjum Shams Mandani
In 2004, the Ethiopian government launched what has been called an innovative and groundbreaking solution to the country's public health challenges; the Health Extension Programme (HEP). The positive public health outcomes that have been reported following the implementation of the HEP have led researchers and global health actors to propose it as a model for other countries to emulate. In this systematic review, we point to a potential weakness and methodological bias in the existing research. Despite being implemented within a context of an increasingly authoritarian regime, research conducted following the implementation of HEP reflects a limited discussion of the political context...
November 20, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165661/variability-and-lack-of-prognostic-value-associated-with-atypical-pituitary-adenoma-diagnosis-a-systematic-review-and-critical-assessment-of-the-diagnostic-criteria
#11
Kelsi Chesney, Zoe Memel, Dhiraj J Pangal, Daniel Donoho, Kyle Hurth, Anna Mathew, John D Carmichael, Gabriel Zada
BACKGROUND: Atypical pituitary adenomas (APAs) are a subset of pituitary adenomas (PAs) characterized by the 2004 World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines to have higher risk histopathological features than typical PAs. In July 2017, the WHO published an update to their classification of pituitary tumors and abandoned the APA terminology. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and outcomes of patients diagnosed with APA through a literature review. Focus was placed on variation in the application of the previous WHO criteria and on rates of recurrence...
November 18, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165627/health-literacy-and-patient-outcomes-in-chronic-kidney-disease-a-systematic-review
#12
Dominic M Taylor, Simon Fraser, Chris Dudley, Gabriel C Oniscu, Charles Tomson, Rommel Ravanan, Paul Roderick
Background: Limited health literacy affects 25% of people with chronic kidney disease (CKD), and may reduce self-management skills resulting in poorer clinical outcomes. By disproportionately affecting people with low socio-economic status and non-white ethnicity, limited health literacy may promote health inequity. Methods: We performed a systematic review of quantitative studies of health literacy and clinical outcomes among adults with CKD. Results: A total of 29 studies (13 articles; 16 conference abstracts) were included...
November 20, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165586/extent-of-physician-pharmaceutical-industry-interactions-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#13
Racha Fadlallah, Lina Alkhaled, Hneine Brax, Mayse Nasser, Mhd Hashem Rajabbik, Hala Nass, Lara A Kahale, Elie A Akl
Background: Pharmaceutical companies spend large amounts of money promoting their products to physicians. There is evidence that physicians' interactions with pharmaceutical companies negatively affect their prescribing patterns. The objective of this study was to systematically review the extent of the relationship between physicians and pharmaceutical companies in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Methods: Studies assessing the extent of any type of interaction between practicing physicians and pharmaceutical companies were eligible...
November 20, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165401/systematic-overview-of-bacopa-monnieri-l-wettst-dominant-poly-herbal-formulas-in-children-and-adolescents
#14
REVIEW
James D Kean, Luke A Downey, Con Stough
Background: The Ayurvedic medicinal system employs a holistic approach to health, utilising the synergistic properties of organic resources. Research into the Ayurvedic herb Bacopa monnieri (L.) Wettst. (B.monnieri) has reported improvements in cognitive outcomes in child and adult populations. The aim of current review is to systematically assess and critically summarize clinical trials investigating B.monnieri-dominant poly-herbal formulas and their effects on the cognition, memory, learning, and behaviour in children and adolescents...
November 22, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165173/health-and-well-being-benefits-of-spending-time-in-forests-systematic-review
#15
Byeongsang Oh, Kyung Ju Lee, Chris Zaslawski, Albert Yeung, David Rosenthal, Linda Larkey, Michael Back
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have reported that spending time in nature is associated with the improvement of various health outcomes and well-being. This review evaluated the physical and psychological benefits of a specific type of exposure to nature, forest therapy. METHOD: A literature search was carried out using MEDLINE, PubMed, ScienceDirect, EMBASE, and ProQuest databases and manual searches from inception up to December 2016. Key words: "Forest" or "Shinrin -Yoku" or "Forest bath" AND "Health" or "Wellbeing"...
October 18, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165161/rare-variants-of-rnf213-and-moyamoya-non-moyamoya-intracranial-artery-stenosis-occlusion-disease-risk-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#16
Xin Liao, Jing Deng, Wenjie Dai, Tong Zhang, Junxia Yan
BACKGROUND: The p.R4810K and other rare variants of ring finger protein 213 gene (RNF213) were illustrated as susceptibility variants for moyamoya (MMD) and non-moyamoya intracranial artery stenosis/occlusion disease (ICASO) recently. However, the effect sizes of p.R4810K were in great discrepancy even in studies of the same ethnic population and firm conclusions of other rare variants have been elusive given the small sample sizes and lack of replication. Thus, we performed this study to quantitatively evaluate whether or to what extent the rare variants of RNF213 contribute to MMD and ICASO in different populations...
November 2, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165100/phytochemicals-formulated-as-nanoparticles-inventions-recent-patents-and-future-prospects
#17
Namdeo Jadhav, Sameer Nadaf, Dipali Lohar, Pravin Ghagare, Trupti Powar
BACKGROUND: The quest to improve the therapeutic effectiveness of herbal drugs has driven rigorously the pharmaceutical research towards development of herbal nanoparticles. Till date, various approaches have been adopted for the design of herbal nanoparticles. METHODS: We carried out an organized search of bibliographic databases consisting of an ample number of published abstracts and research articles using a focused review questionaries and insertion/omission criteria...
November 19, 2017: Recent Patents on Drug Delivery & Formulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165061/posterior-nutcracker-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#18
Jae Hyon Park, Gi Hoon Lee, Seul Mi Lee, Michael Eisenhut, Andreas Kronbichler, Keum Hwa Lee, Jae Il Shin
Posterior nutcracker syndrome (PNCS) is the entrapment of the left renal vein between the aorta and the vertebral column. Although uncommon, it is still an important diagnosis due to the high morbidity associated with the risk of secondary anaemia from haematuria, from long-term left renal vein hypertension, vascular thrombosis, and even blood clots in the urinary system. A literature search of PubMed and EMBASE databases was performed and 27 publications containing 27 cases were included for the final analysis...
November 22, 2017: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164954/a-systematic-review-of-ustekinumab-in-the-treatment-of-atopic-dermatitis
#19
Yunlei Pan, Lina Xu, Jianjun Qiao, Hong Fang
Ustekinumab is a human monoclonal IgG1 antibody targeting the p40 subunit shared by IL-12 and IL-23. We reviewed the published literature by searching from PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and ClinicalTrial.gov to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ustekinumab in the treatment of AD. Ten studies including eight cases and two RCT, comprising 107 patients, were included in the systematic review. Analysis all studies, a total of 58 patients (54.2%) gained an effective treatment with little adverse events. Ustekinumab is a well-tolerated and safe treatment with no significant difference in effect from placebo in patients with AD...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164940/applying-ecological-frameworks-in-obesity-intervention-studies-in-hispanic-latino-youth-a-systematic-review
#20
Carmen Kiraly, Melanie T Turk, Melissa A Kalarchian, Cheryl Shaffer
INTRODUCTION: In the United States, Hispanic children have higher rates of obesity compared with non-Hispanic White children. An ecological framework provides a holistic view of the environment to which Hispanic/Latino children are exposed that can potentially inform prevention and treatment initiatives for this vulnerable population. METHOD: This systematic review examines the existing evidence on the use of an ecological framework in intervention studies targeting overweight and obesity in Hispanic youth from birth to 8 years...
September 2017: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
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