keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

in-vivo dosimetry

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524743/nanoparticle-exposures-from-nano-enabled-toner-based-printing-equipment-and-human-health-state-of-science-and-future-research-needs
#1
Sandra Vanessa Pirela, John Martin, Dhimiter Bello, Philip Demokritou
Toner formulations used by laser printers (LP) and photocopiers (PC), collectively called "toner-based printing equipment" (TPE), are nano-enabled products (NEP) because they contain several engineered nanomaterials (ENM) that improve toner performance. It has been shown that during consumer use (printing), these ENM are released in the air, together with other semi-volatile organic nanoparticles, and newly formed gaseous co-pollutants such as volatile organic compounds (VOC). The aim of this review is to detail and analyze physico-chemical and morphological (PCM), as well as the toxicological properties of particulate matter (PM) emissions from TPE...
May 19, 2017: Critical Reviews in Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499627/clinical-application-of-moskin-dosimeters-to-rectal-wall-in-vivo-dosimetry-in-gynecological-hdr-brachytherapy
#2
M Carrara, A Romanyukha, C Tenconi, D Mazzeo, A Cerrotta, M Borroni, D Cutajar, M Petasecca, M Lerch, J Bucci, A Richetti, S Presilla, C Fallai, G Gambarini, E Pignoli, A Rosenfeld
PURPOSE: Three MOSkins dosimeters were assembled over a rectal probe and used to perform in vivo dosimetry during HDR brachytherapy treatments of vaginal cancer. The purpose of this study was to verify the applicability of the developed tool to evaluate discrepancies between planned and measured doses to the rectal wall. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MOSkin dosimeters from the Centre for Medical Radiation Physics are particularly suitable for brachytherapy procedures for their ability to be easily incorporated into treatment instrumentation...
May 9, 2017: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499488/in%C3%A2-vivo-dosimetry-with-alanine-electron-spin-resonance-dosimetry-to-evaluate-the-urethra-dose-during-high-dose-rate-brachytherapy
#3
Daniela Wagner, Markus Hermann, Andrea Hille
PURPOSE: To determine the dose of the urethra during Ir-192 high-dose-rate brachytherapy in 15 patients, a new detector form developed for in vivo measurements was used as described by Anton et al. 2009. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The detector consists of alanine powder with paraffin as binder which was filled in a shrinkable tube for measurements. The alanine strand so produced was inserted in the foley catheter during high-dose-rate brachytherapy of the prostate...
May 9, 2017: Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495442/validation-of-plastic-scintillation-detectors-for-applications-in-low-dose-rate-brachytherapy
#4
François Therriault-Proulx, Luc Beaulieu, Sam Beddar
PURPOSE: To develop a plastic scintillation detector (PSD) capable of accurately measuring dose around a low-dose-rate (LDR) iodine-125 ((125)I) radioactive seed as a first step toward in vivo dosimetry for prostate LDR brachytherapy. METHODS: Using a GEANT4 based Monte Carlo code, photon energy distribution at any position around a realistic (125)I source model was obtained. This energy distribution was convolved with the expected energy response from a plastic scintillator and dosimetry accuracy was evaluated...
May 8, 2017: Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461782/the-semiconductor-diode-detector-response-as-a-function-of-field-size-and-beam-angle-of-high-energy-photons
#5
Tomasz Koper, Anna Kowalik, Sebastian Adamczyk
AIM: The measurements of semiconductor diode detector response as a function of field size and beam angle of high-energy photons. BACKGROUND: In vivo dosimetry plays an important role in the therapeutic process of the patient. Because of the different orientation of the beam relative to the patient and different sizes of irradiation fields, it is extremely important to take into account the response of the detector depending on the angle and the size of the beam...
May 2017: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457836/imaging-of-current-flow-in-the-human-head-during-transcranial-electrical-therapy
#6
A K Kasinadhuni, A Indahlastari, M Chauhan, Michael Schär, T H Mareci, R J Sadleir
BACKGROUND: It has been assumed that effects caused by tDCS or tACS neuromodulation are due to electric current flow within brain structures. However, to date, direct current density distributions in the brains of human subjects have not been measured. Instead computational models of tDCS or tACS have been used to predict electric current and field distributions for dosimetry and mechanism analysis purposes. OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: We present the first in vivo images of electric current density distributions within the brain in four subjects undergoing transcranial electrical stimulation...
April 20, 2017: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451267/micro-flow-photosynthesis-of-new-dienophiles-for-inverse-electron-demand-diels-alder-reactions-potential-applications-for-pretargeted-in-vivo-pet-imaging
#7
Emilie M F Billaud, Elnaz Shahbazali, Muneer Ahamed, Frederik Cleeren, Timothy Noël, Michel Koole, Alfons Verbruggen, Volker Hessel, Guy Bormans
Pretargeted PET imaging has emerged as an effective two-step in vivo approach that combines the superior affinity and selectivity of antibodies with the rapid pharmacokinetics and favorable dosimetry of smaller molecules radiolabeled with short-lived radionuclides. This approach can be based on the bioorthogonal inverse-electron-demand Diels-Alder (IEDDA) reaction between tetrazines and trans-cyclooctene (TCO) derivatives. We aimed to develop new [(18)F]TCO-dienophiles with high reactivity for IEDDA reactions, and favorable in vivo stability and pharmacokinetics...
February 1, 2017: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450554/biodistribution-pharmacokinetics-and-dosimetry-of-177-lu-90-y-and-111-in-labeled-somatostatin-receptor-antagonist-ops201-in-comparison-to-the-agonist-177-lu-dota-tate-the-mass-effect
#8
Guillaume Pierre Nicolas, Rosalba Mansi, Lisa McDougall, Jens Kaufmann, Hakim Bouterfa, Damian Wild, Melpomeni Fani
Radiolabeled somatostatin receptor (sstr) antagonists have shown in vivo higher uptake in sstr-expressing tumors than agonists. In this pre-clinical study the sstr2-antagonist OPS201 (DOTA-JR11; DOTA-[Cpa-c(DCys-Aph(Hor)-DAph(Cbm)-Lys-Thr-Cys)-DTyr-NH2]) labeled with (177)Lu, (90)Y and (111)In was compared with the sstr2-agonist (177)Lu-DOTA-TATE. Methods: Biodistribution, pharmacokinetics, single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) and dosimetry studies were performed to assess the bioequivalence of all radiotracers...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440238/thermal-ablation-of-pancreatic-cyst-with-a-prototype-endoscopic-ultrasound-capable-radiofrequency-needle-device-a-pilot-feasibility-study
#9
Maria Moris, Mustafa Atar, Abdurrahman Kadayifci, Murli Krishna, Ariston Librero, Eugene Richie, William Brugge, Michael B Wallace
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Pancreatic cysts are evaluated by endoscopic ultrasound and fine needle aspiration (EUS). The only accepted treatment is pancreatectomy, which is associated with morbidity and mortality. This study evaluated the optimal thermal dosimetry of a novel radiofrequency ablation device using a standard electrosurgical unit in ex vivo cyst models. METHODS: A modified EUS 22-gauge monopolar needle prototype with a tip electrode connected to a standard electrosurgical unit (Erbe USA, Marietta, GA, USA) was used to induce a subboiling point temperature...
March 2017: Endoscopic Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436921/feasibility-study-of-entrance-and-exit-dose-measurements-at-the-contra-lateral-breast-with-alanine-electron-spin-resonance-dosimetry-in-volumetric-modulated-radiotherapy-of-breast-cancer
#10
Daniela M Wagner, Petra Huettenrauch, Mathias Anton, Philip von Voigts-Rhetz, Klemens Zink, Hendrik Wolff
PURPOSE: The Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB) has established a secondary standard measurement system for the dose to water, DW, based on alanine/ ESR (Anton et. al. 2013). The aim of this study was to test the established measurements system for out of field measurements inpatient with breast cancer. METHOD AND MATERIALS: A set of five alanine pellets were affixed to each patients` skin at the contra lateral breast beginning at the sternum and extending over the mammilla to the distal surface...
April 24, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362026/erratum-macroscopic-singlet-oxygen-modeling-for-dosimetry-of-photofrin-mediated-photodynamic-therapy-an-in-vivo-study
#11
Haixia Qiu, Michele M Kim, Rozhin Penjweini, Timothy C Zhu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347131/preclinical-in-vivo-cancer-straightway-to-patients
#12
REVIEW
Marion de Jong, Stephen Mather, Theodosia Maina
Detection of useful cellular targets has strongly stimulated personalized tumor-targeted imaging and therapy approaches, also involving synthesis and evaluation of nuclear imaging probes with potential for clinical applications. Reviews of preclinical and translational studies concerning such probes, including radiolabeled antibodies, nanobodies, affibodies, peptides, small molecule inhibitors, and nanoparticles, are presented in this issue. As most tracers described in these articles have been developed for the field of cancer imaging and radionuclide therapy, the current article on preclinical studies will focus on cancer research as well...
June 2017: Quarterly Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332992/clinical-implementation-of-a-model-based-in%C3%A2-vivo-dose-verification-system-for-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy-volumetric-modulated-arc-therapy-treatments-using-the-electronic-portal-imaging-device
#13
Peter M McCowan, Ganiyu Asuni, Eric Van Uytven, Timothy VanBeek, Boyd M C McCurdy, Shaun K Loewen, Naseer Ahmed, Bashir Bashir, James B Butler, Amitava Chowdhury, Arbind Dubey, Ahmet Leylek, Maged Nashed
PURPOSE: To report findings from an in vivo dosimetry program implemented for all stereotactic body radiation therapy patients over a 31-month period and discuss the value and challenges of utilizing in vivo electronic portal imaging device (EPID) dosimetry clinically. METHODS AND MATERIALS: From December 2013 to July 2016, 117 stereotactic body radiation therapy-volumetric modulated arc therapy patients (100 lung, 15 spine, and 2 liver) underwent 602 EPID-based in vivo dose verification events...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314198/automated-segmentation-of-mr-imaging-to-determine-normative-central-nervous-system-cerebrospinal-fluid-volumes-in-healthy-volunteers
#14
J Levi Chazen, Jonathan P Dyke, Robert W Holt, Laura Horky, Rachel A Pauplis, Jacob Y Hesterman, P David Mozley, Ajay Verma
An accurate non-invasive method to determine total body cerebrospinal fluid volume has a number of potential diagnostic and therapeutic applications. Herein we describe a technique for automated segmentation of total body MRI data to determine cranial and spinal CSF volume in 15 healthy adults. These in vivo estimates of CSF volume exceed the standard reported volume of 150mL in human adults and provide normative data for diagnosis of disease states such as hydrocephalus and therapy including pharmacologic dosimetry...
May 2017: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306552/precise-determination-of-the-heat-delivery-during-in-vivo-magnetic-nanoparticle-hyperthermia-with-infrared-thermography
#15
Harley F Rodrigues, Gustavo Capistrano, Francyelli M Mello, Nicholas Zufelato, Elisângela Silveira-Lacerda, Andris F Bakuzis
Non-invasive and real-time monitoring of the heat delivery during magnetic nanoparticle hyperthermia (MNH) is of fundamental importance to predict clinical outcomes for cancer treatment. Infrared thermography (IRT) can determine the surface temperature due to three-dimensional heat delivery inside a subcutaneous tumor, an argument that is supported by numerical simulations. However, for precise temperature determination, it is of crucial relevance to use a correct experimental configuration. This work reports an MNH study using a sarcoma 180 murine tumor containing 3...
May 21, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302759/preclinical-evaluation-of-11-c-sarcosine-as-a-substrate-of-proton-coupled-amino-acid-transporters-and-first-human-application-in-prostate-cancer
#16
Morand Piert, Xia Shao, David M Raffel, Mathew S Davenport, Jeffrey Montgomery, Lakshmi Kunju, Brian G Hockley, Javed Siddiqui, Peter J H Scott, Arul Chinnaiyan, Thekkelnaycke Rajandiran
Sarcosine is a known substrate of proton-coupled amino acid transporters (PAT), which are overexpressed in selected tissues and solid tumors. Sarcosine, an N-methyl derivative of the amino acid glycine and a metabolic product of choline, plays an important role for prostate cancer aggressiveness and progression. Methods: Carbon-11 radiolabeled sarcosine ((11)C-sarcosine) was tested as a new positron emission tomography (PET) imaging probe in comparison with (11)C-choline in two prostate cancer tumor xenograft models (DU-145 and PC-3)...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302144/a-dosimetric-model-for-the-heterogeneous-delivery-of-radioactive-nanoparticles-in-vivo-a-feasibility-study
#17
Andrew B Satterlee, Peter Attayek, Bentley Midkiff, Leaf Huang
ᅟ: Accurate and quantitative dosimetry for internal radiation therapy can be especially challenging, given the heterogeneity of patient anatomy, tumor anatomy, and source deposition. Internal radiotherapy sources such as nanoparticles and monoclonal antibodies require high resolution imaging to accurately model the heterogeneous distribution of these sources in the tumor. The resolution of nuclear imaging modalities is not high enough to measure the heterogeneity of intratumoral nanoparticle deposition or intratumoral regions, and mathematical models do not represent the actual heterogeneous dose or dose response...
March 17, 2017: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297338/epid-based-in-vivo-dosimetry-system-clinical-experience-and-results
#18
Sofia Celi, Emilie Costa, Claas Wessels, Alejandro Mazal, Alain Fourquet, Pascal Francois
Mandatory in several countries, in vivo dosimetry has been recognized as one of the next milestones in radiation oncology. Our department has implemented clinically an EPID based in vivo dosimetry system, EPIgray, by DOSISOFT S.A., since 2006. An analysis of the measurements per linac and energy over a two-year period was performed, which included a more detailed examination per technique and treatment site over a six-month period. A comparison of the treatment planning system doses and the doses estimated by EPIgray shows a mean of the differences of 1...
May 2016: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297336/effect-of-electron-contamination-on-in-vivo-dosimetry-for-lung-block-shielding-during-tbi
#19
Ganesh Narayanasamy, Wilbert Cruz, Daniel L Saenz, Sotirios Stathakis, Niko Papanikolaou, Neil Kirby
Our institution performs in vivo verification measurement for each of our total body irradiation (TBI) patients with optically stimulated luminescent dosimeters (OSLD). The lung block verification measurements were commonly higher than expected. The aim of this work is to understand this discrepancy and improve the accuracy of these lung block verification measurements. Initially, the thickness of the lung block was increased to provide adequate lung sparing. Further tests revealed the increase was due to electron contamination dose emanating from the lung block...
May 2016: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297294/real-time-in-vivo-dosimetry-for-sbrt-prostate-treatment-using-plastic-scintillating-dosimetry-embedded-in-a-rectal-balloon-a-case-study
#20
Justin L Cantley, Chee-Wai Cheng, Fredrick B Jesseph, Tarun K Podder, Valdir C Colussi, Bryan J Traughber, Lee E Ponsky, Rodney J Ellis
A novel FDA approved in vivo dosimetry device system using plastic scintillating detectors placed in an endorectal balloon to provide real-time in vivo dosimetry for prostatic rectal interface was tested for use with stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT). The system was used for the first time ever to measure dose during linear accelerator based SBRT. A single patient was treated with a total dose of 36.25 Gy given in 5 fractions. Delivered dose was measured for each treatment with the detectors placed against the anterior rectal wall near the prostate rectal interface...
November 2016: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
keyword
keyword
100206
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"