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Qing Pei, Xiuli Hu, Xiaohua Zheng, Shi Liu, Yawei Li, Xiabin Jing, Zhigang Xie
Biomimetic approach offers numerous opportunities to design therapeutic platforms with enhanced antitumor performance and biocompatibility. Herein we report a novel red blood cell membrane-camouflaged nanoparticle (RBC(M(TPC-PTX))) for synergistic chemo- and photodynamic therapy (PDT). Specifically, the inner core is mainly constructed by reactive oxygen species (ROS)-responsive PTX dimer (PTX2-TK) and photosensitizer 5,10,15,20-tetraphenylchlorin (TPC). In vitro experiments show that the prepared RBC(M(TPC-PTX)) is readily taken up into endosomes...
January 18, 2018: ACS Nano
Alfredo Ornelas, Kaitlyn N Williams, Kevin A Hatch, Aurelio Paez, Angela C Aguilar, Cameron C Ellis, Nishat Tasnim, Supriyo Ray, Carl W Dirk, Thomas Boland, Binata Joddar, Chunqiang Li, Katja Michael
A 34-amino acid long collagen-like peptide rich in proline, hydroxyproline, and glycine, and with four photoreactive N-acyl-7-nitroindoline units incorporated into the peptide backbone was synthesized by on-resin fragment condensation. Its circular dichroism supports a stable triple helix structure. The built-in photochemical function enables the decomposition of the peptide into small peptide fragments by illumination with UV light of 350 nm in aqueous solution. Illumination of a thin film of the peptide, or a thin film of a photoreactive amino acid model compound containing a 5-bromo-7-nitroindoline moiety, with femtosecond laser light at 710 nm allows for the creation of well-resolved micropatterns...
January 18, 2018: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
Cristian Pasluosta, Patrick Kiele, Thomas Stieglitz
The somatosensory system contributes substantially to the integration of multiple sensor modalities into perception. Tactile sensations, proprioception and even temperature perception are integrated to perceive embodiment of our limbs. Damage of somatosensory networks can severely affect the execution of daily life activities. Peripheral injuries are optimally corrected via direct interfacing of the peripheral nerves. Recent advances in implantable devices, stimulation paradigms, and biomimetic sensors enabled the restoration of natural sensations after amputation of the limb...
December 27, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
Andrew M Smith, Harrison T Pajovich, Ipsita A Banerjee
Degenerative neurological disorders and traumatic brain injuries cause significant damage to quality of life and often impact survival. As a result, novel treatments are necessary that can allow for the regeneration of neural tissue. In this work, a new biomimetic scaffold was designed with potential for applications in neural tissue regeneration. To develop the scaffold, we first prepared a new bolaamphiphile that was capable of undergoing self-assembly into nanoribbons at pH 7. Those nanoribbons were then utilized as templates for conjugation with specific proteins known to play a critical role in neural tissue growth...
January 13, 2018: Bioengineering
Dattatraya H Dethe, Balu D Dherange, Saikat Das
A biomimetic total syntheses of antibacterial natural products (±)-callistrilones A, B, and D, the first triketone-phloroglucinol-monoterpene hybrids with an unprecedented [1]benzofuro[2,3-a]xanthene and [1]benzofuro[3,2-b]xanthene pentacyclic ring system along with the postulated biosynthetic intermediate, isolated from the leaves of Callistemon rigidus, were achieved. The total synthesis features highly regio- and diastereoselective catalytic Friedel-Crafts alkylation, palladium-catalyzed Wacker-type oxidative cyclization, Michael addition, and late-stage diastereoselective epoxide formation from the extremely hindered β face as key steps...
January 17, 2018: Organic Letters
Md Tariful Islam Mredha, Yun Zhou Guo, Takayuki Nonoyama, Tasuku Nakajima, Takayuki Kurokawa, Jian Ping Gong
Natural structural materials (such as tendons and ligaments) are comprised of multiscale hierarchical architectures, with dimensions ranging from nano- to macroscale, which are difficult to mimic synthetically. Here a bioinspired, facile method to fabricate anisotropic hydrogels with perfectly aligned multiscale hierarchical fibrous structures similar to those of tendons and ligaments is reported. The method includes drying a diluted physical hydrogel in air by confining its length direction. During this process, sufficiently high tensile stress is built along the length direction to align the polymer chains and multiscale fibrous structures (from nano- to submicro- to microscale) are spontaneously formed in the bulk material, which are well-retained in the reswollen gel...
January 17, 2018: Advanced Materials
Zhe Fang, Jianfeng Wang, Shijie Zhu, Xiaofan Yang, Yu Jia, Qiang Sun, Shaokang Guan
Adsorption of short peptides, including three dipeptides: arginine-glycine (Arg-Gly), glycine-aspartic acid (Gly-Asp), arginine-aspartic acid (Arg-Asp), and one tripeptide arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD), on the surfaces of Mg and Mg alloys (Mg-Zn, Mg-Y, and Mg-Nd), was studied using the first-principles calculations based on density functional theory (DFT), considering van der Waals (vdW) correction. The calculated adsorption energies (Eads) of short peptides on the clean Mg(0001) surface are in the range of -1...
January 17, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Ying-Chu Chen, Yu-Kuei Hsu, Radian Popescu, Dagmar Gerthsen, Yan-Gu Lin, Claus Feldmann
Full-spectrum utilization of diffusive solar energy by a photocatalyst for environmental remediation and fuel generation has long been pursued. In contrast to tremendous efforts in the UV-to-VIS light regime of the solar spectrum, the NIR and IR areas have been barely addressed although they represent about 50% of the solar flux. Here we put forward a biomimetic photocatalyst blueprint that emulates the growth pattern of a natural plant-a peapod-to address this issue. This design is exemplified via unidirectionally seeding core-shell Au@Nb nanoparticles in the cavity of semiconducting H x K1-xNbO3 nanoscrolls...
January 16, 2018: Nature Communications
Dao-Ming Zhu, Wei Xie, Yu-Sha Xiao, Meng Suo, Ming-Hui Zan, Qing-Quan Liao, Xue-Jia Hu, Li-Ben Chen, Bei Chen, Wen-Tao Wu, Li-Wei Ji, Hui-Ming Huang, Shi-Shang Guo, Xing-Zhong Zhao, Quan-Yan Liu, Wei Liu
Recently, red blood cell (RBC) membrane-coated nanoparticles have attracted much attention because of their excellent immune escapability; meanwhile, gold nanocages (AuNs) have been extensively used for cancer therapy due to their photothermal effect and drug delivery capability. The combination of the RBC membrane coating and AuNs may provide an effective approach for targeted cancer therapy. However, few reports have shown the utilization of combining these two technologies. Here, we design erythrocyte membrane-coated gold nanocages for targeted photothermal and chemical cancer therapy...
January 17, 2018: Nanotechnology
Sheng Ye, Chunmei Ding, Ruotian Chen, Fengtao Fan, Ping Fu, Heng Yin, Xiuli Wang, Zhiliang Wang, Pingwu Du, Can Li
It has been anticipated that learning from nature photosynthesis is a rational and effective way to develop artificial photosynthesis system, but it is still a great challenge. Here, we assembled a photoelectrocatalytic system by mimicking the functions of photosystem II (PSII), with BiVO4 semiconductor as a light-harvester protected by a layered double hydroxide (NiFeLDH) as a hole storage layer, a partially oxidized graphene (pGO) as biomimetic tyrosine for charge transfer, and molecular Co cubane as oxygen evolution complex...
January 17, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Yangjun Chen, Wenda Wang, Di Wu, Masanori Nagao, Dennis G Hall, Thomas Thundat, Ravin Narain
Dynamic hydrogels based on arylboronic esters have been considered as ideal platforms for biomedical applications given their self-healing and injectable characteristics. However, there still exist some critical issues that need to be addressed or improved, including hydrogel biocompatibility, physiological usability, and tunability of mechanical properties. Here, two kinds of phospholipid bioinspired MPC copolymers, one is zwitterionic copolymer (PMB) containing a fixed 15 mol% of benzoxaborole (pKa ≈ 7...
January 16, 2018: Biomacromolecules
Yanlin Lv, Ming Liu, Yong Zhang, Xuefei Wang, Fan Zhang, Feng Li, Weier Bao, Jie Wang, Yuanlin Zhang, Wei Wei, Guanghui Ma, Liancheng Zhao, Zhiyuan Tian
Biomimetic fluorescent nanoprobes capable of emitting near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence (λmax ~720 nm) upon excitation of 800-nm light were developed. The key conjugated polymer enabled two-photon absorption (TPA) and Fӧrster resonance energy transfer (FRET) processes within the nanoprobes, which imparted the nanoprobes with ideal NIR-incoming-NIR-outgoing fluorescence features. The cancer cell membrane (CM) coating endowed these nanoprobes with perfect biocompatibility and highly specific targeting ability to homologous tumors...
January 16, 2018: ACS Nano
Alexander P Safronov, Ekaterina A Mikhnevich, Zahra Lotfollahi, Felix A Blyakhman, Tatyana F Sklyar, Aitor Larrañaga Varga, Anatoly I Medvedev, Sergio Fernández Armas, Galina V Kurlyandskaya
Magnetic biosensors are an important part of biomedical applications of magnetic materials. As the living tissue is basically a "soft matter." this study addresses the development of ferrogels (FG) with micron sized magnetic particles of magnetite and strontium hexaferrite mimicking the living tissue. The basic composition of the FG comprised the polymeric network of polyacrylamide, synthesized by free radical polymerization of monomeric acrylamide (AAm) in water solution at three levels of concentration (1...
January 16, 2018: Sensors
Svenja I Faßbender, Jan B Metternich, Ryan Gilmour
Routes to prepare C4-trifluoromethyl analogues of the 2H-chromene scaffold are scarce: this is particularly striking given the importance of fluorine in pharmaceutical development. To address this limitation, a facile strategy has been developed that is reliant on catalytic, geometric isomerization of easily accessible allylic alcohols (up to >95:5) followed by intramolecular cyclization via Pd catalysis (up to 96%). This concise biomimetic approach emulates the photoisomerization/cyclization cascade inherent to phenylpropanoid biosynthesis...
January 16, 2018: Organic Letters
Robin E Rodríguez, Sneha P Agarwal, Shun An, Eric Kazyak, Debashree Das, Wen Shang, Rachael Skye, Tao Deng, Neil P Dasgupta
Morpho sulkowskyi butterfly wings contain naturally occurring hierarchical nanostructures that produce structural coloration. The high aspect ratio and surface area of these wings make them attractive nanostructured templates for applications in solar energy and photocatalysis. However, biomimetic approaches to replicate their complex structural features and integrate functional materials into their three-dimensional framework are highly limited in precision and scalability. Herein, a biotemplating approach is presented that precisely replicates Morpho nanostructures by depositing nanocrystalline ZnO coatings onto wings via low-temperature atomic layer deposition (ALD)...
January 16, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Qiuyun Fan, Aapo Nummenmaa, Barbara Wichtmann, Thomas Witzel, Choukri Mekkaoui, Walter Schneider, Lawrence L Wald, Susie Y Huang
Diffusion microstructural imaging techniques have attracted great interest in the last decade due to their ability to quantify axon diameter and volume fraction in healthy and diseased human white matter. The estimates of compartment size and volume fraction continue to be debated, in part due to the lack of a gold standard for validation and quality control. In this work, we validate diffusion MRI estimates of compartment size and volume fraction using a novel textile axon ("taxon") phantom constructed from hollow polypropylene yarns with distinct intra- and extra-taxonal compartments to mimic white matter in the brain...
January 11, 2018: NeuroImage
Dattatraya H Dethe, Susanta Kumar Sau
The first enantioselective total synthesis of (-)-petromindole, an architecturally distinct congener of indole diterpene family, has been achieved. Key features of this synthetic route include the scalable and concise synthesis of tricyclic allylic alcohol from enantiopure Wieland-Mischer ketone derivative, and TMSOTf-mediated, highly efficient biomimetic C-4 cyclization of indole derivative for the rapid construction of a hexacyclic skeleton of petromindole.
January 16, 2018: Organic Letters
Joachim Enax, Matthias Epple
PURPOSE: Human tooth enamel consists mostly of minerals, primarily hydroxyapatite, Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2, and thus synthetic hydroxyapatite can be used as a biomimetic oral care agent. This review describes the synthesis and characterization of hydroxyapatite from a chemist's perspective and provides an overview of its current use in oral care, with a focus on dentin hypersensitivity, caries, biofilm management, erosion, and enamel lesions. SOURCES: Reviews and original research papers published in English and German were included...
January 15, 2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Qian-Fang Meng, Lang Rao, Minghui Zan, Ming Chen, Guang-Tao Yu, Xiaoyun Wei, Zhuhao Wu, Yue Sun, Shi Shang Guo, Xing-Zhong Zhao, Fu-Bing Wang, Wei Liu
Nanotechnology possesses the potential to revolutionize the diagnosis and treatment of tumors. The ideal nanoparticles used for in vivo cancer therapy should own long blood circulation and active cancer targeting. Additionally, they should be innoxious and invisible to the immune system. Here, we developed a biomimetic nanoplatform with the above properties for cancer therapy. Macrophage membranes were reconstructed into vesicles and then coated onto magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (Fe3O4 NPs). Inherited from the Fe3O4 core and the macrophage membrane shell, the resulting Fe3O4@MM NPs exhibited good biocompatibility, immune evasion, cancer targeting, and light-to-heat conversion capabilities...
January 15, 2018: Nanotechnology
Hui Zhao, Yang Wei, Cheng Wang, Rui-Min Qiao, Wanli Yang, Phillip B Messersmith, Gao Liu
The excessive volume changes during cell cycling of Si-based anode in lithium ion batteries impeded its application. One major reason for the cell failure is particle isolation during volume shrinkage in delithiation process, which makes strong adhesion between polymer binder and anode active material particles a highly desirable property. Here, a biomimetic side-chain conductive polymer incorporating catechol, a key adhesive component of the mussel holdfast protein, was synthesized. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) based single molecule force measurements of mussel-inspired conductive polymer binder contacting a silica surface revealed similar adhesion toward substrate when compared with an effective Si anode binder, homo-polyacrylic acid (PAA), with the added benefit of being electronically conductive...
January 15, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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