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Linoleic acid nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318463/decreasing-the-overall-environmental-impact-of-the-dutch-diet-how-to-find-healthy-and-sustainable-diets-with-limited-changes
#1
Gerard Fh Kramer, Marcelo Tyszler, Pieter Van't Veer, Hans Blonk
OBJECTIVE: To find diets optimised on nutrition and environmental impact close to the current Dutch diet and to identify the most effective and acceptable options for mitigating environmental impact. DESIGN: Linear programming was used to optimise diets of Dutch men and women aged 9-69 years, divided into ten age-gender groups. The analysis included nutrient composition, a metric for popularity and life cycle assessments of 207 food products. Greenhouse gas emissions, fossil energy use and land occupation were used to calculate a weighted score for the overall environmental impact...
March 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302572/lingual-cd36-and-nutritional-status-differentially-regulate-fat-preference-in-obesity-prone-and-obesity-resistant-rats
#2
H Douglas Braymer, Hannah Zachary, Allyson L Schreiber, Stefany D Primeaux
Lingual fatty acid receptors (i.e. CD36) mediate the orosensory perception of fat/fatty acids and may contribute to the susceptibility to develop obesity. The current study tested the hypothesis that fat/fatty acid preference in obesity-prone (OP, Osborne-Mendel) and obesity-resistant (OR, S5B/Pl) rats is mediated by nutritional status and lingual CD36. To determine if nutritional status affected linoleic acid (LA) preference in OP and OR rats, rats were either fasted overnight or fed a high fat diet (60% kcal from fat)...
March 14, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289420/evaluation-of-exotically-derived-soybean-breeding-lines-for-seed-yield-germination-damage-and-composition-under-dryland-production-in-the-midsouthern-usa
#3
Nacer Bellaloui, James R Smith, Alemu Mengistu, Jeffery D Ray, Anne M Gillen
Although the Early Soybean Production System (ESPS) in the Midsouthern USA increased seed yield under irrigated and non-irrigated conditions, heat stress and drought still lead to poor seed quality in heat sensitive soybean cultivars. Our breeding goal was to identify breeding lines that possess high germination, nutritional quality, and yield potential under high heat and dryland production conditions. Our hypothesis was that breeding lines derived from exotic germplasm might possess physiological and genetic traits allowing for higher seed germinability under high heat conditions...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278390/classification-of-human-milks-based-on-their-trans-18-1-fatty-acid-profile-and-effect-of-maternal-diet
#4
Pilar Gómez-Cortés, Miguel Angel de la Fuente
BACKGROUND: The diet of breastfeeding women influences the trans fatty acid (TFA) composition of the milk excreted. However, the effects associated to TFA are isomer-dependent and diverse TFA profiles may have different nutritional implications. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this research was to evaluate whether certain TFA patterns in human milk fat can be used as indicators of TFA intake from different sources. METHODS: Milk fat from 60 women were examined and classified based on their TFA profile and conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) contents by principal component analysis (PCA)...
March 9, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255501/chemical-composition-physicochemical-characteristics-and-nutritional-value-of-lannea-kerstingii-seeds-and-seed-oil
#5
Judicaël Thomas Ouilly, Patrice Bazongo, Adjima Bougma, Nèbpawindé Kaboré, Anne Mette Lykke, Amadé Ouédraogo, Imaël Henri Nestor Bassolé
The chemical composition, main physicochemical properties, and nutritional value of seed flour and seed oil of Lannea kerstingii were studied. The results indicated that seeds contained 3.61% moisture, 57.85% fat, 26.39% protein, 10.07% carbohydrates, and 2.08% ash. Potassium was the predominant mineral, followed by magnesium and calcium. The essential amino acids were at higher levels than the estimated amino acid requirements of FAO/WHO/UNU except for lysine. Fatty acid composition showed that oleic acid was the major fatty acid, followed by palmitic, linoleic, and stearic acids...
2017: Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242935/trans-himalayan-rhodiola-imbricata-edgew-root-a-novel-source-of-dietary-amino-acids-fatty-acids-and-minerals
#6
Amol B Tayade, Priyanka Dhar, Jatinder Kumar, Manu Sharma, Om P Chaurasia, Ravi B Srivastava
Roots of Rhodiola imbricata Edgew from Indian trans-Himalayan cold desert known for their nutritional and medicinal attributes were evaluated for the dietary amino acids, fatty acids and mineral composition. Nine essential and twelve non-essential amino acids were quantified. The contents ranged between 91.33 and 1640.67 µg/g. Histidine (1434.33 µg/g), lysine (1329.33 µg/g) and threonine (1015.67 μg/g) were dominant essential amino acids, while glycine (1640.67 µg/g), proline (1263.67 µg/g), alanine (1142...
February 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237598/characterization-of-major-and-trace-minerals-fatty-acid-composition-and-cholesterol-content-of-protected-designation-of-origin-cheeses
#7
C L Manuelian, S Currò, M Penasa, M Cassandro, M De Marchi
Cheese provides essential nutrients for human nutrition and health, such as minerals and fatty acids (FA). Its composition varies according to milk origin (e.g., species and breed), rearing conditions (e.g., feeding and management), and cheese-making technology (e.g., coagulation process, addition of salt, ripening period). In recent years, cheese production has increased worldwide. Italy is one of the main producers and exporters of cheese. This study aimed to describe mineral, FA, and cholesterol content of 133 samples from 18 commercial cheeses from 4 dairy species (buffalo, cow, goat, and sheep) and from 3 classes of moisture content (hard, <35% moisture; semi-hard, 35-45%; and soft, >45%)...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125070/chemical-characterization-and-antioxidant-potential-of-wild-ganoderma-species-from-ghana
#8
Mary Obodai, Deborah L Narh Mensah, Ângela Fernandes, Nii Korley Kortei, Matilda Dzomeku, Matthew Teegarden, Steven J Schwartz, Lillian Barros, Juanita Prempeh, Richard K Takli, Isabel C F R Ferreira
The chemical characterization and antioxidant potential of twelve wild strains of Ganoderma sp. from Ghana, nine (LS1-LS9) of which were found growing wild simultaneously on the same dying Delonix regia tree, were evaluated. Parameters evaluated included the nutritional value, composition in sugars, fatty acids, phenolic and other organic compounds and some vitamins and vitamin precursors. Antioxidant potential was evaluated by investigating reducing power, radical scavenging activity and lipid peroxidation inhibition using five in vitro assays...
January 25, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076319/impact-of-nutrition-on-pollutant-toxicity-an-update-with-new-insights-into-epigenetic-regulation
#9
Jessie B Hoffman, Michael C Petriello, Bernhard Hennig
Exposure to environmental pollutants is a global health problem and is associated with the development of many chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes and metabolic syndrome. There is a growing body of evidence that nutrition can both positively and negatively modulate the toxic effects of pollutant exposure. Diets high in proinflammatory fats, such as linoleic acid, can exacerbate pollutant toxicity, whereas diets rich in bioactive and anti-inflammatory food components, including omega-3 fatty acids and polyphenols, can attenuate toxicant-associated inflammation...
March 1, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070532/evaluation-of-scd-and-fasn-gene-expression-in-baluchi-iran-black-and-arman-sheep
#10
Salmani Izadi Mohammad, Naserian Abbas Ali, Nasiri Mohammad Reza, Majidzadeh Heravi Reza, Valizadeh Reza
BACKGROUND: With the increasing concern for health and nutrition, dietary fat has attracted considerable attention. The composition of fatty acids in the diet is important because they are associated with major diseases including cancers, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. The fatty acid synthase (FASN) and stearoyl-CoA desaturase (delta-9-desaturase) (SCD) genes affect fatty acid composition (1). The expression of SCD and FASN genes is related to an increase in conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) in dairy products, which benefits human health...
October 2016: Reports of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027638/effects-of-bifidobacterium-animalis-lactis-hn019-dr10tm-inulin-and-micronutrient-fortified-milk-on-faecal-dr10tm-immune-markers-and-maternal-micronutrients-among-indonesian-pregnant-women
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Noroyono Wibowo, Saptawati Bardosono, Rima Irwinda
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Maternal nutrition affects fetal growth and development. This study evaluates the effects of milk powder fortified with micronutrients, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), a prebiotic, and probiotic Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis HN019 DR10TM on the micronutrient status, as well as the presence of faecal probiotic and immune markers in pregnant women. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: This randomised, double- blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted at Budi Kemuliaan and Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital in Jakarta from 2013 to 2014...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988886/naturally-occurring-high-oleic-acid-cottonseed-oil-identification-and-functional-analysis-of-a-mutant-allele-of-gossypium-barbadense-fatty-acid-desaturase-2
#12
Jay Shockey, Michael Dowd, Brian Mack, Matthew Gilbert, Brian Scheffler, Linda Ballard, James Frelichowski, Catherine Mason
Some naturally occurring cotton accessions contain commercially attractive seed oil fatty acid profiles. The likely causal factor for a high-oleate trait in pima cotton ( Gossypium barbadense ) accession GB-713 is described here. Vegetable oils are broadly used in the manufacture of many human and animal nutritional products, and in various industrial applications. Along with other well-known edible plant oils from soybean, corn, and canola, cottonseed oil is a valuable commodity. Cottonseed oil is a co-product derived from the processing of cottonseed fiber...
December 17, 2016: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917321/effects-of-arachidonic-acid-supplementation-in-maturation-diet-on-female-reproductive-performance-and-larval-quality-of-giant-river-prawn-macrobrachium-rosenbergii
#13
Chanpim Kangpanich, Jarunan Pratoomyot, Nisa Siranonthana, Wansuk Senanan
The giant river prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) is one of the most farmed freshwater crustaceans in the world. Its global production has been stalling in the past decade due to the inconsistent quality of broodstock and hatchery-produced seeds. A better understanding of the role of nutrition in maturation diets will help overcome some of the production challenges. Arachidonic acid (20:4 n-6, ARA) is a fatty acid precursor of signaling molecules important for crustacean reproduction, prostaglandins E and F of the series II (PGE2 and PGF2α), and is often lacking in maturation diets of shrimp and prawns...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910756/fatty-acid-composition-of-different-collections-of-coprinoid-mushrooms-agaricomycetes-and-their-nutritional-and-medicinal-values
#14
Susanna M Badalyan
Qualitative and quantitative analyses of the free fatty acid (FA) composition of ethanol extracts obtained from mycelia of 30 genetically identified strains of 18 species of coprinoid mushrooms (CMs) or coprini belonging to clades Coprinellus (C. bisporus, C. curtus, C. disseminatus, C. domesticus, C. ellisii, C.flocculosus, C. micaceus, C. aff radians I, C. aff radians II, C. aff radians III, C. xanthothrix, Coprinellus sp. 4), Coprinopsis (C. cinerea, C. cothurnata, C. gonophylla, C. lagopides, C. maysoidispora, C...
2016: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905218/optimization-of-the-malting-process-for-nutritional-improvement-of-finger-millet-and-amaranth-flours-in-the-infant-weaning-food-industry
#15
Sara Najdi Hejazi, Valérie Orsat
Malting is a beneficial approach to improve the nutritional value of cereals used in infant preparations. Malted finger millet and amaranth might be considered as potentially appropriate gluten-free alternatives for common wheat-based weaning products, especially in case of those suffering from celiac disease. In this study, the effects of germination temperature and duration on the main nutrients of malted finger millet and amaranth, are evaluated and optimized. Grains were germinated for 24, 36 and 48 h at 22, 26 and 30 °C...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886101/fatty-acid-and-phenolic-compound-concentrations-in-eight-different-monovarietal-virgin-olive-oils-from-extremadura-and-the-relationship-with-oxidative-stability
#16
Alfonso Montaño, Marcos Hernández, Inmaculada Garrido, José Luís Llerena, Francisco Espinosa
Olive oils have been shown to be more resistant to oxidation than other vegetable fats, mainly due to their fatty acid (FA) profile which is rich in oleic acid and to their high content of antioxidants, principally phenols and tocopherols. This has situated virgin olive oils (VOOs) among the fats of high nutritional quality. However, it is important to stress that the oil's commercial category (olive oil, virgin olive oil, extra-virgin olive oil), the variety of the source plant, and the extraction-conservation systems all decisively influence the concentration of these antioxidants and the oil's shelf-life...
November 23, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884102/gene-expression-profile-of-intramuscular-muscle-in-nellore-cattle-with-extreme-values-of-fatty-acid
#17
Mariana P Berton, Larissa F S Fonseca, Daniela F J Gimenez, Bruno L Utembergue, Aline S M Cesar, Luiz L Coutinho, Marcos Vinicius A de Lemos, Carolyn Aboujaoude, Angélica S C Pereira, Rafael M de O Silva, Nedenia B Stafuzza, Fabieli L B Feitosa, Hermenegildo L J Chiaia, Bianca F Olivieri, Elisa Peripolli, Rafael L Tonussi, Daniel M Gordo, Rafael Espigolan, Adrielle M Ferrinho, Lenise F Mueller, Lucia G de Albuquerque, Henrique N de Oliveira, Susan Duckett, Fernando Baldi
BACKGROUND: Fatty acid type in beef can be detrimental to human health and has received considerable attention in recent years. The aim of this study was to identify differentially expressed genes in longissimus thoracis muscle of 48 Nellore young bulls with extreme phenotypes for fatty acid composition of intramuscular fat by RNA-seq technique. RESULTS: Differential expression analyses between animals with extreme phenotype for fatty acid composition showed a total of 13 differentially expressed genes for myristic (C14:0), 35 for palmitic (C16:0), 187 for stearic (C18:0), 371 for oleic (C18:1, cis-9), 24 for conjugated linoleic (C18:2 cis-9, trans11, CLA), 89 for linoleic (C18:2 cis-9,12 n6), and 110 genes for α-linolenic (C18:3 n3) fatty acids...
November 25, 2016: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873315/incorporation-of-conjugated-fatty-acids-into-nile-tilapia-oreochromis-niloticus
#18
Elton G Bonafé, Luana C de Figueiredo, Alessandro F Martins, Johny P Monteiro, Oscar O S Junior, Edmilson A Canesin, Swami Arêa Maruyama, Jesuí V Visentainer
The aim of this work was to improve the nutritional quality of Nile tilapia meat through enriched diets with conjugated isomers of linolenic acid from tung oil. The transfer process of conjugated fatty acids (CFA) into fish muscle tissue was evaluated by gas chromatography-flame ionization detection (GC-FID) and Easy Ambient Sonic-Spray Ionization Mass Spectrometry (EASI-MS). The results showed that conjugated fatty acids were transferred from enriched diet for muscle tissue of Nile tilapia. Conjugated linoleic acids biosynthesis from conjugated linolenic acids was also observed after ten days...
November 21, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855909/nutritional-and-chemical-characterization-of-edible-petals-and-corresponding-infusions-valorization-as-new-food-ingredients
#19
Tânia C S P Pires, Maria Inês Dias, Lillian Barros, Isabel C F R Ferreira
Edible flowers provide new colours, textures and vibrancy to any dish, and apart from the "glam" factor, they can constitute new sources of bioactive compounds. In the present work, the edible petals and infusions of dahlia, rose, calendula and centaurea, were characterized regarding their nutritional value and composition in terms of hydrophilic and lipophilic compounds. Carbohydrates were the most abundant macronutrients, followed by proteins and ash. Fructose, glucose and sucrose were identified in all the petals and infusions...
April 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843756/proximate-composition-and-fatty-acid-analysis-of-lablab-purpureus-l-legume-seed-implicates-to-both-protein-and-essential-fatty-acid-supplementation
#20
Shahdat Hossain, Rashed Ahmed, Sujan Bhowmick, Abdullah Al Mamun, Michio Hashimoto
The high mortality rate in Bangladesh is related to poverty, which results in protein malnutrition, essential fatty acid deficiency and lacks in adequate vitamins, minerals and calorie. Exploring new food items with improved dietary nutrition factors may, therefore, help to decrease the mortality rate in the poor countries like Bangladesh. Accordingly, the present study was a proximate composition and fatty acid analysis of L. purpureus seed-a legume seed which is given no careful attention locally, though it might be a good source of valuable nutrition factors for both animals and humans...
2016: SpringerPlus
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