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Linoleic acid nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424855/analysis-of-multiple-soybean-phytonutrients-by-near-infrared-reflectance-spectroscopy
#1
Gaoyang Zhang, Penghui Li, Wenfei Zhang, Jian Zhao
Improvement of the nutritional quality of soybean is usually facilitated by a vast range of soybean germplasm with enough information about their multiple phytonutrients. In order to acquire this essential information from a huge number of soybean samples, a rapid analytic method is urgently required. Here, a nondestructive near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS) method was developed for rapid and accurate measurement of 25 nutritional components in soybean simultaneously, including fatty acids palmitic acid, stearic acid, oleic acid, linoleic acid, and linolenic acid, vitamin E (VE), α-VE, γ-VE, δ-VE, saponins, isoflavonoids, and flavonoids...
April 19, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420388/association-between-maternal-intake-of-n-6-to-n-3-fatty-acid-ratio-during-pregnancy-and-infant-neurodevelopment-at-6-months-of-age-results-of-the-moceh-cohort-study
#2
Hyejin Kim, Hyesook Kim, Eunjung Lee, Yeni Kim, Eun-Hee Ha, Namsoo Chang
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) are essential for infant neurodevelopment. The nutritional adequacy of dietary LC-PUFAs depends not only on the LC-PUFAs intake but also on the n-6 to n-3 fatty acid ratio (n-6/n-3 PUFAs). This study aimed to identify the association between the maternal dietary n-6/n-3 PUFAs and motor and cognitive development of infants at 6 months of age. METHODS: We used data from 960 participants in the Mothers and Children's Environmental Health (MOCEH) study, which is a multi-center prospective cohort study...
April 18, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400162/mammalian-alox15-orthologs-exhibit-pronounced-dual-positional-specificity-with-docosahexaenoic-acid
#3
Laura Kutzner, Kateryna Goloshchapova, Dagmar Heydeck, Sabine Stehling, Hartmut Kuhn, Nils Helge Schebb
Mammalian lipoxygenases (LOX) have been implicated in cell differentiation and in the pathogenesis of inflammatory, hyperproliferative and neurological diseases. Although the reaction specificity of mammalian LOX with n-6 fatty acids (linoleic acid, arachidonic acid) has been explored in detail little information is currently available on the product patterns formed from n-3 polyenoic fatty acids, which are of particular nutritional importance and serve as substrate for the biosynthesis of pro-resolving inflammatory mediators such as resolvins and maresins...
April 8, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359203/distinct-fatty-acid-composition-of-some-edible-by-products-from-bovines-fed-high-or-low-silage-diets
#4
Cristina M Alfaia, Susana P Alves, José M Pestana, Marta S Madeira, Olga Moreira, José Santos-Silva, Rui Jb Bessa, Fidel Toldrá, José Am Prates
In the present study, it was hypothesized that the incorporation of fatty acids is distinct among ruminant tissues and that it could be modulated by diet composition. To test this hypothesis, fatty acid composition, including conjugated linoleic acid isomers, of the most relevant beef by-products (brain, heart, kidney, liver, pancreas and tongue) from young bulls those fed distinct silage levels was assessed. Data indicated a large variation in fatty acid profile and conjugated linoleic acid composition among edible by-products...
April 2017: Food Science and Technology International, Ciencia y Tecnología de Los Alimentos Internacional
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355376/regulation-of-muscle-plasticity-and-trophism-by-fatty-acids-a-short-review
#5
Phablo Abreu, José Henrique Leal-Cardoso, Vânia Marilande Ceccatto, Sandro Massao Hirabara
The skeletal muscle tissue has a remarkable ability to alter its plastic structural and functional properties after a harmful stimulus, regulating the expression of proteins in complex events such as muscle regeneration. In this context, considering that potential therapeutic agents have been widely studied, nutritional strategies have been investigated in order to improve the regenerative capacity of skeletal muscle. There is evidence of the modulatory action of fatty acids, such that oleic and linoleic acids, that are abundant in Western diets, on muscle function and trophism...
February 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318463/decreasing-the-overall-environmental-impact-of-the-dutch-diet-how-to-find-healthy-and-sustainable-diets-with-limited-changes
#6
Gerard Fh Kramer, Marcelo Tyszler, Pieter Van't Veer, Hans Blonk
OBJECTIVE: To find diets optimised on nutrition and environmental impact close to the current Dutch diet and to identify the most effective and acceptable options for mitigating environmental impact. DESIGN: Linear programming was used to optimise diets of Dutch men and women aged 9-69 years, divided into ten age-gender groups. The analysis included nutrient composition, a metric for popularity and life cycle assessments of 207 food products. Greenhouse gas emissions, fossil energy use and land occupation were used to calculate a weighted score for the overall environmental impact...
March 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302572/lingual-cd36-and-nutritional-status-differentially-regulate-fat-preference-in-obesity-prone-and-obesity-resistant-rats
#7
H Douglas Braymer, Hannah Zachary, Allyson L Schreiber, Stefany D Primeaux
Lingual fatty acid receptors (i.e. CD36) mediate the orosensory perception of fat/fatty acids and may contribute to the susceptibility to develop obesity. The current study tested the hypothesis that fat/fatty acid preference in obesity-prone (OP, Osborne-Mendel) and obesity-resistant (OR, S5B/Pl) rats is mediated by nutritional status and lingual CD36. To determine if nutritional status affected linoleic acid (LA) preference in OP and OR rats, rats were either fasted overnight or fed a high fat diet (60% kcal from fat)...
March 14, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289420/evaluation-of-exotically-derived-soybean-breeding-lines-for-seed-yield-germination-damage-and-composition-under-dryland-production-in-the-midsouthern-usa
#8
Nacer Bellaloui, James R Smith, Alemu Mengistu, Jeffery D Ray, Anne M Gillen
Although the Early Soybean Production System (ESPS) in the Midsouthern USA increased seed yield under irrigated and non-irrigated conditions, heat stress and drought still lead to poor seed quality in heat sensitive soybean cultivars. Our breeding goal was to identify breeding lines that possess high germination, nutritional quality, and yield potential under high heat and dryland production conditions. Our hypothesis was that breeding lines derived from exotic germplasm might possess physiological and genetic traits allowing for higher seed germinability under high heat conditions...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278390/classification-of-human-milks-based-on-their-trans-18-1-fatty-acid-profile-and-effect-of-maternal-diet
#9
Pilar Gómez-Cortés, Miguel Angel de la Fuente
BACKGROUND: The diet of breastfeeding women influences the trans fatty acid (TFA) composition of the milk excreted. However, the effects associated to TFA are isomer-dependent and diverse TFA profiles may have different nutritional implications. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this research was to evaluate whether certain TFA patterns in human milk fat can be used as indicators of TFA intake from different sources. METHODS: Milk fat from 60 women were examined and classified based on their TFA profile and conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) contents by principal component analysis (PCA)...
March 9, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255501/chemical-composition-physicochemical-characteristics-and-nutritional-value-of-lannea-kerstingii-seeds-and-seed-oil
#10
Judicaël Thomas Ouilly, Patrice Bazongo, Adjima Bougma, Nèbpawindé Kaboré, Anne Mette Lykke, Amadé Ouédraogo, Imaël Henri Nestor Bassolé
The chemical composition, main physicochemical properties, and nutritional value of seed flour and seed oil of Lannea kerstingii were studied. The results indicated that seeds contained 3.61% moisture, 57.85% fat, 26.39% protein, 10.07% carbohydrates, and 2.08% ash. Potassium was the predominant mineral, followed by magnesium and calcium. The essential amino acids were at higher levels than the estimated amino acid requirements of FAO/WHO/UNU except for lysine. Fatty acid composition showed that oleic acid was the major fatty acid, followed by palmitic, linoleic, and stearic acids...
2017: Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242935/trans-himalayan-rhodiola-imbricata-edgew-root-a-novel-source-of-dietary-amino-acids-fatty-acids-and-minerals
#11
Amol B Tayade, Priyanka Dhar, Jatinder Kumar, Manu Sharma, Om P Chaurasia, Ravi B Srivastava
Roots of Rhodiola imbricata Edgew from Indian trans-Himalayan cold desert known for their nutritional and medicinal attributes were evaluated for the dietary amino acids, fatty acids and mineral composition. Nine essential and twelve non-essential amino acids were quantified. The contents ranged between 91.33 and 1640.67 µg/g. Histidine (1434.33 µg/g), lysine (1329.33 µg/g) and threonine (1015.67 μg/g) were dominant essential amino acids, while glycine (1640.67 µg/g), proline (1263.67 µg/g), alanine (1142...
February 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237598/characterization-of-major-and-trace-minerals-fatty-acid-composition-and-cholesterol-content-of-protected-designation-of-origin-cheeses
#12
C L Manuelian, S Currò, M Penasa, M Cassandro, M De Marchi
Cheese provides essential nutrients for human nutrition and health, such as minerals and fatty acids (FA). Its composition varies according to milk origin (e.g., species and breed), rearing conditions (e.g., feeding and management), and cheese-making technology (e.g., coagulation process, addition of salt, ripening period). In recent years, cheese production has increased worldwide. Italy is one of the main producers and exporters of cheese. This study aimed to describe mineral, FA, and cholesterol content of 133 samples from 18 commercial cheeses from 4 dairy species (buffalo, cow, goat, and sheep) and from 3 classes of moisture content (hard, <35% moisture; semi-hard, 35-45%; and soft, >45%)...
May 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125070/chemical-characterization-and-antioxidant-potential-of-wild-ganoderma-species-from-ghana
#13
Mary Obodai, Deborah L Narh Mensah, Ângela Fernandes, Nii Korley Kortei, Matilda Dzomeku, Matthew Teegarden, Steven J Schwartz, Lillian Barros, Juanita Prempeh, Richard K Takli, Isabel C F R Ferreira
The chemical characterization and antioxidant potential of twelve wild strains of Ganoderma sp. from Ghana, nine (LS1-LS9) of which were found growing wild simultaneously on the same dying Delonix regia tree, were evaluated. Parameters evaluated included the nutritional value, composition in sugars, fatty acids, phenolic and other organic compounds and some vitamins and vitamin precursors. Antioxidant potential was evaluated by investigating reducing power, radical scavenging activity and lipid peroxidation inhibition using five in vitro assays...
January 25, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076319/impact-of-nutrition-on-pollutant-toxicity-an-update-with-new-insights-into-epigenetic-regulation
#14
Jessie B Hoffman, Michael C Petriello, Bernhard Hennig
Exposure to environmental pollutants is a global health problem and is associated with the development of many chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes and metabolic syndrome. There is a growing body of evidence that nutrition can both positively and negatively modulate the toxic effects of pollutant exposure. Diets high in proinflammatory fats, such as linoleic acid, can exacerbate pollutant toxicity, whereas diets rich in bioactive and anti-inflammatory food components, including omega-3 fatty acids and polyphenols, can attenuate toxicant-associated inflammation...
March 1, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070532/evaluation-of-scd-and-fasn-gene-expression-in-baluchi-iran-black-and-arman-sheep
#15
Salmani Izadi Mohammad, Naserian Abbas Ali, Nasiri Mohammad Reza, Majidzadeh Heravi Reza, Valizadeh Reza
BACKGROUND: With the increasing concern for health and nutrition, dietary fat has attracted considerable attention. The composition of fatty acids in the diet is important because they are associated with major diseases including cancers, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. The fatty acid synthase (FASN) and stearoyl-CoA desaturase (delta-9-desaturase) (SCD) genes affect fatty acid composition (1). The expression of SCD and FASN genes is related to an increase in conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) in dairy products, which benefits human health...
October 2016: Reports of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027638/effects-of-bifidobacterium-animalis-lactis-hn019-dr10tm-inulin-and-micronutrient-fortified-milk-on-faecal-dr10tm-immune-markers-and-maternal-micronutrients-among-indonesian-pregnant-women
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Noroyono Wibowo, Saptawati Bardosono, Rima Irwinda
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Maternal nutrition affects fetal growth and development. This study evaluates the effects of milk powder fortified with micronutrients, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), a prebiotic, and probiotic Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis HN019 DR10TM on the micronutrient status, as well as the presence of faecal probiotic and immune markers in pregnant women. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: This randomised, double- blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted at Budi Kemuliaan and Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital in Jakarta from 2013 to 2014...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988886/naturally-occurring-high-oleic-acid-cottonseed-oil-identification-and-functional-analysis-of-a-mutant-allele-of-gossypium-barbadense-fatty-acid-desaturase-2
#17
Jay Shockey, Michael Dowd, Brian Mack, Matthew Gilbert, Brian Scheffler, Linda Ballard, James Frelichowski, Catherine Mason
Some naturally occurring cotton accessions contain commercially attractive seed oil fatty acid profiles. The likely causal factor for a high-oleate trait in pima cotton ( Gossypium barbadense ) accession GB-713 is described here. Vegetable oils are broadly used in the manufacture of many human and animal nutritional products, and in various industrial applications. Along with other well-known edible plant oils from soybean, corn, and canola, cottonseed oil is a valuable commodity. Cottonseed oil is a co-product derived from the processing of cottonseed fiber...
December 17, 2016: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917321/effects-of-arachidonic-acid-supplementation-in-maturation-diet-on-female-reproductive-performance-and-larval-quality-of-giant-river-prawn-macrobrachium-rosenbergii
#18
Chanpim Kangpanich, Jarunan Pratoomyot, Nisa Siranonthana, Wansuk Senanan
The giant river prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) is one of the most farmed freshwater crustaceans in the world. Its global production has been stalling in the past decade due to the inconsistent quality of broodstock and hatchery-produced seeds. A better understanding of the role of nutrition in maturation diets will help overcome some of the production challenges. Arachidonic acid (20:4 n-6, ARA) is a fatty acid precursor of signaling molecules important for crustacean reproduction, prostaglandins E and F of the series II (PGE2 and PGF2α), and is often lacking in maturation diets of shrimp and prawns...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910756/fatty-acid-composition-of-different-collections-of-coprinoid-mushrooms-agaricomycetes-and-their-nutritional-and-medicinal-values
#19
Susanna M Badalyan
Qualitative and quantitative analyses of the free fatty acid (FA) composition of ethanol extracts obtained from mycelia of 30 genetically identified strains of 18 species of coprinoid mushrooms (CMs) or coprini belonging to clades Coprinellus (C. bisporus, C. curtus, C. disseminatus, C. domesticus, C. ellisii, C.flocculosus, C. micaceus, C. aff radians I, C. aff radians II, C. aff radians III, C. xanthothrix, Coprinellus sp. 4), Coprinopsis (C. cinerea, C. cothurnata, C. gonophylla, C. lagopides, C. maysoidispora, C...
2016: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905218/optimization-of-the-malting-process-for-nutritional-improvement-of-finger-millet-and-amaranth-flours-in-the-infant-weaning-food-industry
#20
Sara Najdi Hejazi, Valérie Orsat
Malting is a beneficial approach to improve the nutritional value of cereals used in infant preparations. Malted finger millet and amaranth might be considered as potentially appropriate gluten-free alternatives for common wheat-based weaning products, especially in case of those suffering from celiac disease. In this study, the effects of germination temperature and duration on the main nutrients of malted finger millet and amaranth, are evaluated and optimized. Grains were germinated for 24, 36 and 48 h at 22, 26 and 30 °C...
June 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
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