keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Linoleic acid nutrition

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200724/bioassay-guided-isolation-of-neuroprotective-fatty-acids-from-nigella-sativa-against-1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium-induced-neurotoxicity
#1
Leila Hosseinzadeh, Hoda Monaghash, Farahnaz Ahmadi, Nastaran Ghiasvand, Yalda Shokoohinia
Objective: Parkinson's disease, a slowly progressive neurological disease, is associated with degeneration of the basal ganglia of the brain and a deficiency of the neurotransmitter dopamine. The main aspects of researches are the protection of normal neurons against degeneration. Fatty acids (FAs), the key structural elements of dietary lipids, are carboxylic straight chains and notable parameters in nutritional and industrial usefulness of a plant. Materials and Methods: Black cumin, a popular anti-inflammatory and antioxidant food seasoning, contains nonpolar constituents such as FAs which were extracted using hexane...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195948/effects-of-soil-type-and-organic-fertilizers-on-fatty-acids-and-vitamin-e-in-korean-ginseng-panax-ginseng-meyer
#2
Ill-Min Chung, Jae-Kwang Kim, Jin-Hee Yang, Ji-Hee Lee, Sung-Kyu Park, Na-Young Son, Seung-Hyun Kim
This study examined the effects of soil type and fertilizer regimes on variations in fatty acids (FAs) and vitamin E (Vit-E) in 6-year-old ginseng roots. We observed significant variation in both FA and Vit-E contents owing to the type and quantity of organic fertilizer used in each soil type during cultivation. Unsaturated FAs were approximately 2.7-fold higher in ginseng than in saturated FAs. Linoleic, palmitic, and oleic acids were the most abundant FAs detected in ginseng roots. Additionally, α-tocopherol was the major Vit-E detected...
December 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174150/short-communication-decreasing-the-dietary-ratio-of-omega-6-to-omega-3-fatty-acids-increases-the-omega-3-concentration-of-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-in-weaned-holstein-heifer-calves
#3
L C Worden, M G Erickson, S Gramer, C Tap, C Ylioja, N Trottier, C L Preseault, M J VandeHaar, A L Lock, E L Karcher
Utilization of nutrients to improve overall heifer health is of interest because of the importance of replacement heifers to the dairy industry. The objective of our study was to compare the effect of supplementation of dietary n-3 and n-6 fatty acids (FA) on FA concentrations in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of Holstein calves. Twenty-seven Holstein heifer calves (107 ± 2.6 d of age; 142.6 ± 6.5 kg of body weight) from the university research and teaching herd were randomly assigned to a common TMR supplemented with 1 of 3 treatments: Ca salts of flaxseed FA (Virtus Nutrition, Corcoran, CA) containing 35% 18:3 n-3 (N3), Ca salts of soybean FA (Virtus Nutrition) containing 50% 18:2 n-6 (N6), or a 50:50 mix of N3 and N6...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174030/position-paper-on-vegetarian-diets-from-the-working-group-of-the-italian-society-of-human-nutrition
#4
C Agnoli, L Baroni, I Bertini, S Ciappellano, A Fabbri, M Papa, N Pellegrini, R Sbarbati, M L Scarino, V Siani, S Sieri
BACKGROUND: Interest in vegetarian diets is growing in Italy and elsewhere, as government agencies and health/nutrition organizations are emphasizing that regular consumption of plant foods may provide health benefits and help prevent certain diseases. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a Pubmed search, up to September, 2015, for studies on key nutrients (proteins, vitamin B12, iron, zinc, calcium, vitamin D, and n-3 fatty acids) in vegetarian diets. From 295 eligible publications the following emerged: Vegetarians should be encouraged to supplement their diets with a reliable source of vitamin B12 (vitamin-fortified foods or supplements)...
October 31, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173222/maternal-conjugated-linoleic-acid-modulates-tag-metabolism-in-adult-rat-offspring
#5
Jimena Lavandera, Carolina D Gerstner, Juliana Saín, Ana C Fariña, Marcela A González, Claudio A Bernal
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) might regulate the lipid depots in liver and adipose tissue. As there is an association between maternal nutrition, fat depots and risk of offspring chronic disease, the aim was to investigate the effect of maternal CLA consumption on TAG regulation and some inflammatory parameters in adult male rat offspring receiving or not receiving CLA. Female Wistar rats were fed control (C) or CLA-supplemented (1 %, w/w) diets during 4 weeks before and throughout pregnancy and lactation...
November 27, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168866/chemical-composition-and-bioactive-properties-of-the-wild-mushroom-polyporus-squamosus-huds-fr-a-study-with-samples-from-romania
#6
Andrei Mocan, Ângela Fernandes, Lillian Barros, Gianina Crişan, Marija Smiljković, Marina Soković, Isabel C F R Ferreira
In Eastern Europe, wild mushrooms are widely collected in mountain areas and used for their medicinal properties or as healthy foods. This study aimed at determining the chemical composition (nutritional value, free sugars, organic acids, phenolic compounds, fatty acids and tocopherols) and bioactive properties (antioxidant, antimicrobial and antiquorum sensing) of wild Polyporus squamosus (Huds.) Fr from Romania. The results indicate that the fruiting bodies of P. squamosus are rich in carbohydrates (74.22 g per 100 g dw) and proteins (18...
November 23, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165457/the-chemical-composition-nutritional-value-and-antimicrobial-properties-of-abelmoschus-esculentus-seeds
#7
Spyridon Petropoulos, Ângela Fernandes, Lillian Barros, Ana Ciric, Marina Sokovic, Isabel C F R Ferreira
Okra is a vegetable crop usually used for its immature pods. The harvest stage (fruit size) depends on consumers' preferences and the fruit that does not meet market requirements is being disposed of. Considering the short time interval from the setting of the fruit to the harvest stage, the present study evaluates the nutritional value, chemical composition, and antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of okra seeds from genotypes cultivated under Mediterranean conditions, as an alternative end-use product...
November 22, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153530/physicochemical-and-sensory-properties-of-yogurts-containing-sacha-inchi-plukenetia-volubilis-l-seeds-and-%C3%AE-glucans-from-ganoderma-lucidum
#8
Ana-Milena Vanegas-Azuero, Luis-Felipe Gutiérrez
Dairy products have been widely used for adding various biomolecules with the aim of improving their functional properties and health benefits. In this study, the physicochemical properties and sensory acceptance of yogurts enriched with sacha inchi (Plukenetia volubilis) seeds (SIS) and β-glucans from Ganoderma lucidum (BGGL) were investigated. The angiotensin-converting enzyme-inhibitory activity of some yogurt samples was also evaluated. Yogurts were produced from reconstituted skim milk powder, and SIS (4% wt/wt) and BGGL were added at different concentrations (0-1...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153512/dose-and-type-dependent-effects-of-long-chain-fatty-acids-on-adipogenesis-and-lipogenesis-of-bovine-adipocytes
#9
Chen Yanting, Q Y Yang, G L Ma, M Du, J H Harrison, E Block
Differentiation and lipid metabolism of adipocytes have a great influence on milk performance, health, and feed efficiency of dairy cows. The effects of dietary long-chain fatty acids (FA) on adipogenesis and lipogenesis of dairy cows are often confounded by other nutritional and physiological factors in vivo. Therefore, this study used an in vitro approach to study the effect of dose and type of long-chain FA on adipogenesis and lipogenesis of bovine adipocytes. Stromal vascular cells were isolated from adipose tissue of dairy cows and induced into mature adipocytes in the presence of various long-chain FA including myristic, palmitic, stearic, oleic, or linoleic acid...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146525/maternal-nutritional-determinants-of-colostrum-fatty-acids-in-the-eden-mother-child-cohort
#10
Martine Armand, Jonathan Y Bernard, Anne Forhan, Barbara Heude, Marie-Aline Charles
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Programming of infant development and later health may depend on early-milk polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) contents, that are very variable between women for reasons not well elucidated. Indeed, a high n-6/n-3 PUFA in milk was associated with higher adiposity, arterial pressure and lower psychomotor scores in childhood. We aimed to explore the respective contribution of several maternal and perinatal factors to the variability of linoleic (LA), α-linolenic (ALA), arachidonic (AA), and docosahexaenoic (DHA) acid levels in early milk...
October 21, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146340/effect-of-the-composition-of-extra-virgin-olive-oils-on-the-differentiation-and-antioxidant-capacities-of-twelve-monovarietals
#11
Edwar Fuentes, Fiorela Paucar, Francisco Tapia, Jaime Ortiz, Paula Jimenez, Nalda Romero
The effect of the composition of twelve varieties of extra virgin olive oils (EVOOs) on their differentiation based in agronomic criteria and on the antioxidant capacity was studied. Principal component analysis permitted an overview of the samples and their compositions, showing evidence of grouping and correlation between antioxidant capacity, oleuropein and ligstroside derivatives (OLD) and specific extinction at 270. Oleic and linoleic acids, 3,4-DHPEA-EA and p-HPEA-EDA (OLD), unsaturated/saturated ratio and induction time (IT) allowed the correct classification of samples according to year of harvest, ripening stage and variety...
March 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113457/the-occurrence-of-deep-pectoral-myopathy-in-broilers-and-associated-changes-in-breast-meat-quality
#12
S Yalcin, S Ozkan, M C Acar, O Meral
1. Two experiments were conducted to determine the effect of slaughter weight on the incidence and intensity of deep pectoral myopathy (DPM) of M. pectoralis minor (p. minor muscle) in commercial conditions in Turkey and to evaluate the impact of DPM on meat quality traits of pectoralis major (p. major) muscle in broilers. 2. In Experiment 1, a total of 116 250 carcasses from 59 Ross-308 broiler flocks, classified according to slaughter weight as 2.0-2.2, 2.2-2.4, 2.4-2.6 and >2.6 kg, were evaluated for occurrence of DPM...
November 8, 2017: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108061/genetic-correlations-between-wool-traits-and-meat-quality-traits-in-merino-sheep
#13
S I Mortimer, S Hatcher, N M Fogarty, J H J van der Werf, D J Brown, A A Swan, R H Jacob, G H Geesink, D L Hopkins, J E Hocking Edwards, E N Ponnampalam, R D Warner, K L Pearce, D W Pethick
Genetic correlations between 29 wool production and quality traits and 25 meat quality and nutritional value traits were estimated for Merino sheep from an Information Nucleus (IN). Genetic correlations among the meat quality and nutritional value traits are also reported. The IN comprised 8 flocks linked genetically and managed across a range of sheep production environments in Australia. The wool traits included over 5,000 yearling and 3,700 adult records for fleece weight, fiber diameter, staple length, staple strength, fiber diameter variation, scoured wool color, and visual scores for breech and body wrinkle...
October 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103704/characterization-of-linoleic-acid-c18-2-concentration-in-commercial-corn-silage-and-grain-hybrids
#14
M Baldin, Y Ying, Y Fan, G Roth, D P Casper, K J Harvatine
Corn silage and high-moisture corn grain are commonly recognized as risk factors for biohydrogenation-induced milk fat depression and may be due to the high concentration of linoleic acid (C18:2) in corn. Corn silage and corn grain have a low concentration of fatty acids (FA), but due to their high inclusion rate in diets they contribute substantially to unsaturated FA intake. The first objective of this study was to characterize the contribution of individual plant parts to total FA in whole-plant chopped corn...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097280/analysis-of-the-biosynthetic-process-of-fatty-acids-in-thraustochytrium
#15
Xianming Zhao, Xiao Qiu
Thraustochytrium is a marine protist producing a specific profile of nutritionally important fatty acids, including very long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (VLCPUFAs) docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3), even chain saturated fatty acids (SFAs) palmitic acid (16:0), and odd chain SFAs pentadecanoic acid (15:0). To study how these fatty acids are synthesized, a series of radiolabeled precursors were used to trace the biosynthetic process in vivo and in vitro. When Thraustochytrium was fed with long chain fatty acid intermediates such as [1-(14)C]-oleic acid, [1-(14)C]-linoleic acid and [1-(14)C]-α-linolenic acid, no VLCPUFAs were produced, indicating that the aerobic pathway for the biosynthesis of VLCPUFAs was not functional in Thraustochytrium...
October 30, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089844/cheese-as-functional-food-the-example-of-parmigiano-reggiano-and-grana-padano
#16
REVIEW
Andrea Summer, Paolo Formaggioni, Piero Franceschi, Federica Di Frangia, Federico Righi, Massimo Malacarne
Italian hard cooked types of cheese, like Parmigiano Reggiano and Grana Padano, are characterised by positive nutritional qualities. In fact, they contain substances that have particular biological activities, and therefore they can be fully considered, according to the definition given by the European Unit, as 'functional' foods. This short review concisely describes these components and the beneficial effects related to their activities. The description of the biologically active components has been organised in the following paragraphs: protein and peptides, fat and lipids, carbohydrates and prebiotics, probiotic bacteria, vitamins, mineral salts, and components of dairy products active in disease prevention...
September 2017: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068398/precision-nutrition-and-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-a-case-for-personalized-supplementation-approaches-for-the-prevention-and-management-of-human-diseases
#17
REVIEW
Floyd H Chilton, Rahul Dutta, Lindsay M Reynolds, Susan Sergeant, Rasika A Mathias, Michael C Seeds
BACKGROUND: Dietary essential omega-6 (n-6) and omega-3 (n-3) 18 carbon (18C-) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), linoleic acid (LA) and α-linolenic acid (ALA), can be converted (utilizing desaturase and elongase enzymes encoded by FADS and ELOVL genes) to biologically-active long chain (LC; >20)-PUFAs by numerous cells and tissues. These n-6 and n-3 LC-PUFAs and their metabolites (ex, eicosanoids and endocannabinoids) play critical signaling and structural roles in almost all physiologic and pathophysiologic processes...
October 25, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055981/nutritional-values-and-metabolic-profile-with-and-without-boiled-treatment-of-gallo-matese-beans-phaseolus-vulgaris-l-a-landrace-from-southern-italy
#18
Nicola Landi, Sara Ragucci, Michelina Fiorentino, Vincenzo Guida, Antimo Di Maro
BACKGROUND: 'Gallo Matese' beans are known as a typical legume of Southern Italy and continue to be consumed as a traditional food preserving the diversity of this region. Nonetheless, no information about the nutritional values of this legume is available. The objective of the present investigation was to determine the nutritional value and metabolic profile of 'Gallo Matese' beans. Results. 'Gallo Matese' beans contain high levels of proteins (22.64 g/100 g) and essential amino acids  (8...
July 2017: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050877/diacylglycerol-acyltransferase-2-of-mortierella-alpina-with-specificity-on-long-chain-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-a-potential-tool-for-reconstituting-lipids-with-nutritional-value
#19
Sukanya Jeennor, Mayura Veerana, Jutamas Anantayanon, Sarocha Panchanawaporn, Chanikul Chutrakul, Kobkul Laoteng
Based on available genome sequences and bioinformatics tools, we searched for an uncharacterized open reading frame of Mortierella alpina (MaDGAT2) using diacylglycerol acyltransferase sequence (fungal DGAT type 2B) as a query. Functional characterization of the identified native and codon-optimized M. alpina genes were then performed by heterologous expression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain defective in synthesis of neutral lipid (NL). Lipid analysis of the yeast tranformant carrying MaDGAT2 showed that the NL biosynthesis and lipid particle formation were restored by the gene complementation...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018455/seed-nutrition-and-quality-seed-coat-boron-and-lignin-are-influenced-by-delayed-harvest-in-exotically-derived-soybean-breeding-lines-under-high-heat
#20
Nacer Bellaloui, James R Smith, Alemu Mengistu
The timing of harvest is a major factor affecting seed quality in soybean, particularly in Midsouthern USA, when rain during harvest period is not uncommon. The objective of this research was to evaluate the effects of time of harvest on soybean seed quality (seed composition, germination, seed coat boron, and lignin) in high germinability (HG) breeding lines (50% exotic) developed under high heat. The hypothesis was that seeds of HG lines possess physiological and genetic traits for a better seed quality at harvest maturity and delayed harvest...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
keyword
keyword
100185
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"